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- , . I - ' . : tS ISSUED Saturday 51ornng8 ' '. BY THE-- DOUGLAS COUNTY PUBLISHING CO. THE INDEPENDENT - - -; MAS THE FINEST .JOB OFFICE 'IS 1CI?(tLA8 COUNTY. CARDS, BILL JlEAPd, LEGAL BLANKS . t And other printing, including Large and Heavy Posters and Showv Hand-Bills, Neatly aad expeditiously executed A.T POIlTLiAMD TXIICJES. ft DEPEI On Tar , x Nntha ...... Tbree Moi4 li... . so ... o ... 1 oo These are the terms for those payin in advance. The Ikdwnde!it offers fioe Inducements to ad vertisers, Terms reasonable, i VOL. 7. ROSEBURG, OREGOI SATURDAY, OCTOBER 28, 18S2, NO. 29. nnTTfiUs i . .ca. in n imsw smm mmmm n DE1T. - I "Sfe - 1 ii ii ii ii ii h ii II ii if n . w .. & ... . PRACTICAL WATCHMAKER, JEWELER, AND OPTICIAN. ALL WORK WARRANTED. Dealer In Wntchm. dacha. Jewelry, Sptctaelft a d I t-KiiiHa, And a Full Line of Cigars, Tobaccrs and Fancy Goo!s. The only reliable Optometer la town for the propt r adjustment cf ypeotaciea : ' ways on hand. Depot of the Genuine Brazilian Pebble Spec tacles and Eyeglasses. . OFFICE First door eouih of post office, Rose burg Oregon TJIAHOftEY'd.. SA4.pi Nearest to the Railroad Depot, Oakland .Tnw. Muhonoy, Prop'r. The finest of winea, liquors and cigars in Dovf 1&3 county, and the beat - BIIililAHD TABLE In the State kept In proper repair: Parties traveling on the railroad will find tab place very handy to viait daring the stop ping of the train at the Oak land, Depot. Give me a call. J as. mAHONEY. a I.,. JOHN FRASER, Home Made Furniture, WILBUR, OREGON. Upholstery, Spring Mattrasses, Etc. Constantly on hand. dlDMITIIDF. I have the bent stock o rUnill I UriEL. mruiture south of Portland And all of my own manufacture. No two Prices to Customers Residents of Douglas county are requested to give me a call before purchasing elsewhere. ALL WORK WARRANTED.-a DEPOT HOTEL- OAKLAND, ORKUON, Richard Thomas, PropV. 'PHIS HOTEL HAS BEEN ESTABLISHED for a number ol years, and has become very popular with the traveling public. First-class SLEEPING ACCOMMODATIONS. And the table supplied with the best the market affords. Hotel at the depot of the Kailroad. U AVISO ON AND A LARGE LOT O F FINE JLJL Spanish Merino BUCKS, ' ! I offer tbe tame for sale, Cheap for Cash, at my Farm In Douglas county, six miles from Roseburg. ' ' ' HENRY CONN, Sr. H. C. STANTON, Dealer in j Staple Dry Coodsl Keeps constantly on hand a general assort ment of EXTRA FINE GROCERIES, W001, WILLOW AND GLASS WARF, ALSO j Crockery and Cordage A -full stock of HCIIOOL 15 O O Ks Such as required by the Public County Schools All kinds of STATION ERY, TOYS and FANCY ARTICLES To suit both Young and Old. BUYS AND SELLS LEGAL TENDERS furnishes Checks on Portland, and procures Drafts on San Francisco. SEEDS ! SPEEDS! SEISES! all mm oFBiivr quality A L JL, OX DEjR Promptly attended to and Goods shipned with care. j Address, Ilitclieney & Bene, Portland. Oregon 1 JSottcc. j Notice Is hereby given, to whom It .nay concern, thai I'.m undersigned b bcn awarded the contract for keeping the Douglas county Pauper for the period ol two years. All persons In need of asaintsnce trotn aid county matt first procure a certificate to that effect from any member of the County Board, and present it to one of the following named persons, who are author ized to, and will care for those presenting such certificate W. L. Button, Hoseburg ; L. L Kellogg, Oakland ; Mrs Hrown, Looking Glass. Dr. Scrogsrs is authorized to furniih medical aid to all persons in need of the same who have been declared paupers of Douglas county. WM. B. CLARKE, Supt. of Poor. Rwotran. Or.. Feb. 15. 1880 Witchcraft and Superstition. An ugly old woman at IpswijlV England, taking advantage of her reparation as a witch, obtained $10 from the parents of a sick girl as the price of removing the spell that they believed the invalid was under. A magistrate fined her $5 and made her return the 10. A Normandy hag has just fared worse at the hands of the law. By pretending to cure cattle of all diseases by supernatural.means, she swindled the superstitions peasants eas ily. In court she tried to convince the jury that she was an honest witoh.. Sev eral witnesses swore that she burned, 570 toads in their presence in order to drive the evil spirit out of a cow. and that they distinctly saw a black cat leap' from the oow's mouth. The woman was con victed as a swindler, and sentenced to six. month's imprisonment. LATEST SEWS SUMMARY. BY TELEGRAPH TO DATE. Further Mexican reports say that chol era is raging in Tobasca. Pleuro pneumonia has made its ap- poarence among a herd of cattle in East Lancaster, Pa. Dr. Hamiltonof New York, claims $25,000 for hia services during President (Jarneld s illness. The annual session of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers is being held at Louisville, Ky. Bazzaeds, it is said, are feeding on the half buried of the poor in Mazatan, Mex ico, oemetenes. J udgn Edward Hammond died on the 18th in Howard coanty, Md., aged 70. He was a member of congress from '49 to '53. Overdank, the man arrested some time since at Trieste, while manufacturing bombs has been sentenced to death. Barry Sullivan, the actor,has consented to be nominated to parliament for the Irish constituency on home rule princi ples. Eugene Bogardns, eldest son of the famous pistol shot, was fatally injured by being thrown from a train at Talla dega, Ala., by a sudden lurch of the car. John McLaughlin, of Chicago, in the crimiaal court was found guilty of man slaughter in killing Thomas Carter and sentenced to one year in the peniten tiary. An accident on the Albany and Sus quehannah railroad killed one person, fatally injured one or two more and dumped a score of cars into the Susgjie hannah river. Benj. Legault of Beauharnois, Canada, has entered action to prevent his widowed sister, 65 years of age, and worth a hun dred thousand dollars, from marrying a young man. A dispatch from Manilia says cholera continues to decrease since the last re port. The average of deaths is four daily. The disease still rages on the island Vesaya. The keeper of the lighthouse on Lonely Island has been called upon to explain his conduct in connection with the al leged robbery of the body of a victim of the Asia disaster. The steam yacht for Jay Gould will be completed by spring. It will be con Btructed of iron and steel and have steel boilers, and will be 210 feet long, 27 feet beam and 1G feet deep, and will have 1500 indicated horse power. The commissioner of the general land office has transmitted for delivery the patent for Rancho la Tursinea in Santa Barbara county, Cal., to Jose Ramon Malo. confirmed. The Rancho contains 14,780 acres of land, and the case has been pending for ten years. The funeral of Geo. P. Marsh, U. S minister to Italy, in the Protestant ceme tery, was simply, almost private. The only official present was the American consul-general. The ex-secretary of the legation was also present, i lowers en circling the American flag covered the coffin. William Dickson, of star route fame, has set for himself a life task. He proposes to sue every paper in the' United States that has hinted at what he consul ers libelous reflections upon- him in con nection with the star route jury, and has cut clippings from hundreds of pai era. It will take a considerable fortune to pay the preliminary fees of the suits if he adheres to his resolutions. Dorsey made similar threats long ago, but no suit has been brought. Henry S. Slaughter, recently an en gineer of Howell & Bros', wall paper establishment at Philadelphia, Charles Gullery, an ex-employe of the firm, and Samuel Vance, a car driver, were arrested on the 19th upon bills charging them with the larceny of 600 pieces of wall paper, iney pieaaea guilty, me rob bery extended over a number of years, and amounted to $1000. Cases against paper hangers and others, charged with receiving the stolen property, were dis posed of the 20th inst. Inquiry into the alleged insanity of Francis M. Scoville, wife of ueorge bco ville and sister of Chaa. J. Guitean, the murderer of President Garfield, was bo gun in the county court in Chicago on the 19th on complaint of her husband, who appeared on behalf of the prosecu tion. Tbe day was occupied in the se lection of aiurv and hearing tbe opening statements. Counsel Scoville, in his statements gave the history of the Gui teau family, claiming a streak of insanity had run through it since 1770, and that of 11 children of her father, five died insane and two of disease closely allied to it. Mr. Blanch, Mrs. Sco villa's attor ney, in his statement, charged Scoville with inhuman treatment to his wife and stated he instead of she should be in the lunatic asylum. The New York Sun's Chicago special of Oct. 19th say 8: Bonanza Mackey, of California, passed through this city yes terday en route for New York. He was accompanied by W. S. Hobart, John M Harper and A. A. Hickox, of San Fran cisco, and by Col. M. G. Gillett, who jomed the party at Lake valley. New Mexico, for the purpose of escorting them through the cow boy infested region be tweeu Lake valley and the Santa Fe rail road , a distance of about thirteen milee The cow boys have established a brigan dage to kidnap wealthy men and hold them to ransom. Whenever Senator Jones, who is interested in mining prop erty in New Mexico, visits that region he always assumes an incognito in order to escape the notice of brigands. Mackey failed to adopt this precaution and Col Gillett, getting wind of the fact that a reward had been offered for the capture of Mackey by the captain of the cow boys he volunteered the service of himself and a strong party to escort the bonanza king and his friends to the railroad. Although no effort was made to capture the millionaire a number of small bands of outlaws was encountered and Mackey expresses himself as satisfied that nothing but the presence cf his escort prevented them from holding him up at least. He says that they would have secuied noth ing but a $5 note and a nickel watch for their trouble, but he congratulated him self on disappointing them to that ex tent. Hog cholera of a new and virulent type has broken out near Iowa City. Jacob Seller has lost over four hundred head. Animals seem almost rotten from a can cerous source. The trial of Turkas. for the murder of his wife and then firing his residence in Vicksburg, on the 2d of July last, to Dnrn her body, resulted in a verdict of guilty on the 10th. The jury in the ease of Chas. H. Houghton, charged by the government with making false returns while collector of the port of Perth Amboy, returned a verdict of guilty with recommendation to mercy. In the Universalist convention at Phil adelphia on the ?0th a resolution was adopted condemning the death penalty and recommending more humane punish ments, declaring strongly in favor of constitutional prohibition and asking a stringent law to prevent cruelty to ani mals. The New York Tribune says of the Knoxville tragedy: The bank building seems to have been a perfect araenal, and the community is no woise off for the suppression, of such elements of barbar ism, lhere is a completeness about this affair at Knoxville that will commend it to the public. Mayor Law of Brooklyn has issued a good-natured proclamation to the boys or tne city asking them not to build bon fires on the night of the election, as the custom is a silly one, and, while it may do for country villages, it is out of place in a great city, and also against the law. The Turkish government has made a demand upon the Providence, R. I., Tool Company for 48,617 rifles, with bayonets and scabbards, manufactured by the Tool Company for the Turkish government, and held, as alleged, in store by said company for the govern ment. In Eastman, Ga., on the 20th Ridffley Powell, Simon G. Quinn, Joe King, Bob Donaldson and Ella Moore, negroes. were hanged in the jail yard for compli city in a riot at a camp meeting, in which a young white man named Jas Harvard was set upon by an infuriated mob and after being shot by one of the men was beated almost to a ielly by oth ers. Women raised the howl whuh ex cited the mob to desperate work. Henry Clay Mayard, who for the past eight years manager of the Western Union telegraph omee at Chicago, died at Geneva Lake, Wisconsin, on the 20th. Since the death of his wife last! spring ho nan been much broken m spirits and health, and was obliged to leave his office two weeks ago, since which time he has rapidly failed. He suffered from a puzzling complication of disorders and died in a congestive chill. He was widely known and respected by all. Thirty-six horses and mules were stolen from Williams, Arizona, on the 15th by four horse-thieves, and they with their plunder started the same night overland for Texas tp dispose of the same. The owners, all freighters, to the number of eight men, started in pursuit. The horse thieves were surprised early on the 16th at Tnera canyon, thirty-five miles east of Williams and all were killed at the firet fire. The stolen horses and mules were all recovered. Students of Monmouth college and the faculty are at war. They had arranged to bold a reception in the chapel in honor of Mr. iloss, who recently won the ora torical prize in Chicago. The faculty tried to stop it, but the proceedings were conducted in spite of them, and they suspended Mr. Mitchell, master of cere monies, indefinitely. On the 20th 200 students absented themselves, giving notice that they would not recite until Mitchell was taken back. Only a few students remained in the classes, and much interest in the contest is mani fested. Mary McCarty, of Canton, Mass., a prisoner in the woman's reformatory some weeks ago, brought suit claiming zO,UO0 damage of Justice Walbndge A. Field, of the supreme court, because he refused to grant her a writ of habeas corpus after having, as she alleges, ille gally transferred a suit against her from the supreme court the the superior crim inal court. The woman's attorney at tacbed the judge's property to the amount of 320,000 on the 19th. This anomalous action came into the superior court be fore Judge Koowlton on the demurrer of defendant. The points made by the defeus? are exceedingly brief and were that plaintiff's remedy was by a writ of error and that the suit could not be maintained against Judge Field for tbe act done in his judicial capacity. An organization known as the Macca bees has been started in Cincinnati. Its purpose is to encourage and assist in the promotion of agriculture among the Israelites. The plaa is to enroll in sec tions all Israelites over 13 years of age who shall pay an annual tine of one dollar each, the sections in each state to constitute a division, and representative of divisions constitute a grand division. Tbe latter will have an executive council which ehall control and disburse funds. A provisional council to act until the executive council is organized has been chosen. It consists of M. Loth, Moses Krohn, M. H. Marks, Henry Stix, Joseph Abraham, Joseph Trounselme, Alex. Strauss, and Max Henry Towenstein. In the Scoville insanity case at Chicago on the 2Uth tbe court was crowded with cranks and sightseers. Mr. Scoville tea titled to traces of insanity in Guiteau's family, from the grandfather down. Mrs. Scoville first showed signs of in sanity whth their son became sick. She fell in love with the physician and con fessed it. Subsequently 8he denied the confession was made. She Boon became violently nervous and irritatinsr and at tempted to leave the house. She confided all her grievances to others and lost al affection for her family sxcept to him and within the past six months she had deserted him too. He related in detail his recent well known troubles with her, She formed a friendship with Geo. W. Earlie, an alleged newspaper man, and confessed to witness that she loved Earlie They wrote and sent letters to ilrs. Gar field and others. Mrs. Scoville was very intimate with George Francis Train in Aew York. She was very sir now though formerly fttfcnk. She was lately changeable, fickle and often provoked him. f goldk: WILLIS B. ALXRIT, IH OVtt COHTISBRT. O'er the dusty roadsidi bending, With its wondrous wpight of gold, Can it be the rod eachiiited, Al ida used in days old ? Hush 1 perchance it is s princess In the sunlight noddaig there, Spell-bound bv the wicked fairy Sleepy little Golden- ijair I Nay, it is Belsohazzar's banquet. Where the drowsy monarch sups With his swarm ot courtiers drinking From the'Bacred goMau-cupa. Sae, I pluck hia tiny kingd Lon ago it was decreed And divide it, dear, between us, You the Persian,'!' the Mede. W0 ED IN THE DOCKS. There were twenty-seven persons charged with various offences before his honor that morning. It was only about eighteen months ago. One of the accused was a young girl about seventeen, who .was weeping very bitterly. The usual crowd of hangers on the police court was leering eagerly at the misfortunate tramp, the irre claimable drunkard, the foreheadless petty larcenist, and the burly burglar. But there was eometning in tnia young girl's sobs, in this sorrow of the fair haired maiden who had passed the night in the same cell with drunken prostitutes, female dive theives and wo men of the worst olass that was Heart breaking. Even the bailiff of the court accus tomed to criminal misery and inured to the scenes of suffering from the suicide of a wanton to the execution of a mur derer and his parting with his mother and sister even the bailin felt touched, and walking up to the railing, whispered some kind word in her ear. And next to her sat a young man pale as death. The humiliation of his posi tion stood out in bold bas-relief in his attitude and in every feature of his face, in the nervous clutch of his hands, in the shifting of his feet, the disarranged hair, and the silently expressed suuenng. The judge was late tnat morning and keDt the prisoners waiting. His face was whiter than ever, but his . . . .... mouth was firm and resolute, and after he had -aid the word that made him a convict, he faced the magistrate and said: "Your honor, I have said guilty be cause I should be a liar if I said any thing else; but, your honor, I have this to add to my plea: 1 never drank wine in my life until last Friday night, and was utterly under its influence when I took that gold. At this juncture an elderly man stepped forward and said, in a voice choked with emotion "Your honor, I am this young man's employer, and I am sorry that I have taken these steps now. With your pern-ission I will withdraw the charge But his honor only looked a; little dimly through his spectacles and said "Too late; complaint sworn to, arrest made, prisoner pleads guilty. And it came to pass that Hugh Murray expiated the one criminal act of his life by six months in the house of correction. But before he left the dock he man aged to whisper to his neighbor "Tell me your name, won t you. 1 have been so bad and I am sure you are so good and perhaps when my punishment is over, you who are so fentle, will let me come and see you and call you my friend. And she. with her great eyes all bleared with tears, said faintly "My name is Isabel Isabel Daly. hopj you won't be bad again, and that they won t be unkind to you. And he passed out of the dock with these words ringing m his ears "I hope you won't be bad again, and that they won t be unkind to you. And when he reached the cell from which they were to take him away to the house of correction, the firmness that kept him up so far all left him, and crouched on the stones he burst into a passionate fit of weeping. He was not long alone, for his employer had followed him, and the once severe master was now as badly broken down as tbe clerk whom he had caused to be pun ished so severely. The old jeweler put his arms around Hugh s neck and for several minutes oould not speak. And at last said: "My poor boy, I wish I could undo this. When I saw you standing id the dock, you made me think of a boy of my own who was ruined by the wine cup and left me for I don t know where What can I do? How can I undo this?' There was no reply, for both hearts were too full to speak for a moment; but the young man at iast raised his head and said "I am not crying like a baby for my punishment, and I have nothing but good will to you. If you have been harsh to me, I don't know it. Let me be candid with you. I was a thief, and I was a drunkard a thief for the first time and a drunkard for the firt time but still I was both. If you think you have been harsh, then, when my punish ment is over, help me to get somewhere where I can get work a long way off, where my story is not known, and as live, I will repay your kindness ten fold. And there is a young girl," he continued, "charged with stealing some lace, up stairs. Will you see her? I am sure she is innocent, and in the dock she forgot all her trouble lor a moment, to ask me never to be bad again. It was that, Mr Belden, which made me give way so weakly." - The parting was a very sad one, but the inevitable had to come, and Hugh Murray was for six months to come oaly "No. i37," in the western corridor. A few days after be had been in prison he received a tronk full -of new clothing from his late employer, some luxuries in the way of food, etc., that were specially permitted by the warden, and the fol lowing letter: .."' "My dear Hugh: Please accept the accompanying little gifts from me, and. keep up a good heart. I send you some useful books wherewith to employ your time. Your friend, who was in such trouble, was perfectly innocent, and was discharged , her arrest having been a conspiracy, and she is now head sales woman of the house where she was ac cused of theft. I called and told her yesterday how bitterly you suffered from her sympathy, and tbe nobis girl burst into tears and bade me tell you to be of good courage and never be bad again." A year after this there was a little quiet wedding in Toronto, Canada, and tbe bridegrooui was a successful young jeweller, just started in business, and the president of one of the total ab stinence societies, while the bride's name was Isabel Daly. And as he held her to his heart after the ceremony he whispered: "Darling, do you remember that yon were wooed in a prison dock?" Ihe one strange thing about the wed ding, was however, that when they . got to their new little home there was a let ter addressed to Mr. and MrsMurray, and it bad a smudge on it just as if an old-fashioned salt tear had fallen on it, and all that was inside of it was a check for one thousand dollars signed by Everett Belden. Cobcernlng Bugs. When an American buyer arrives in the heart of the rug-making country in Asia, he selects the best agent he can find, and gives him an order for, say 100 lugs, of about the colors and sizes tf certain samples which he may find in tbe ba zaars. The Turkish agent then employs natives of the villages, where the kind of rugs selected are wanted, giving to each a bag of gold, and instructions to order four rugs. The sub-agent then goes among the families and talks with them, drinking many cups of coffee and dis cussing the price for days at a time. When a bargain is concluded some money is furnished tbe familv for wool, dyes and food, and the agent goes away sure that in the course of a few months the rug will be ready. Upon a carpet eight feet by twelve a whole family will work for months. The cotton or woolen threads which form the groundwork or warp of the fabric are stretched upon a hug frame the width of the rug, and the family, or such members of it as are able to work, sit on the floor and tie knots in the warp threads with the col ored wool tufts, tightening the finished fabric now and then with a rough comb. Each worker takes about twenty- seven inches of the rug, and works along this strip. From two to four inches a day is the speed at which the rug advances if the family is large enough for the whole width of the rug to advance at the same time. A rug eight or nine feet wide re quires four persons who work side by side. The finishing of the rug, smooth ing, clipping, etc., is a work requiring skill and judgment. The wages are very small and the payment is according to the number of square feet. The work ers know certaiu paterns by heart and dye their own wools. The old dyes have in some instances been supplanted by aniline colors which do not keep their tones, and fade without giving to the rug the Boftness of tint which is the chief glory of a fine Eastern rug. So ntany merchants have refused to buy the car pets in which aniline dyes have been used that the use of them may event ually be stopped. The rug-makers as a class are poor in money, very ignorant and religious, but live comfortably. Epeoially around the borders of the Caspian sea, in the coun try watered by the rivers of the Caucas sian mountains, are the people in com fortable circumstances, although about three centuries behind the rest ' of the world. The rugs and carpets are brought in from Persia and the neighboring dis tricts on camels' backs, the arrival of a camel train being one of the curious sights of the town. No Chance Tor Honor. We were all at the depot in Macon, waiting for tbe train to go, when a col ored maa with a head as round as a bullet, came bustling in and picked up a friend and brother and jammed him against the wall and slammed him on the floor and bestowed upon his cocoa nut some blows which must have made that organ ache in a lively manner. The victim was a tall, serious-looking man, wearing a plug hat and carrying a small satchel. He made no resistance, and when it was all over he sat down and rubbed the kinks out of his hat as coolly as if a pounding was an everyday occur renoe. "Rather sudden?" I remarked, as the crowd thinned out. "Werry sudden, sah, an altogether beyan precedent, .he replied. "I noticed that you didn't resist." "No, sah, I didu't get ober de commo shun soon 'naff." " Were you not expeoting something of the sort?" "No, sah, I am sellia' a powder dat makes a pint of kerosene ile go as fur as i quart widout it. I sold dat pusson some yesterday, an' I reckon he might have tried it fur toothache or liber com plaint, an' become disgusted." "He gave you some hard knocks." "I 'spect he did, sah, an' de worst of it am I can't get eben wid him. De proper way would have been lur him to Bend me a challenge. We should have met on de field of honab, an' I should have killed him. He didn't do it. He rushed in heah, an widout de leas' regard fur my sense of honah he banged me into a box an' walks out widout axin' fur my ca'd or leabin his. Dat's one fing dat am keepin' our race down in dis kentry want of honah. I don't say -dat I 'prove of duellin', but I mus' insist dis way of walkin' in on a pusson who kin speak fo' languages an' has been to Niagary Falls an' moppin' him on de flo', am not only painful to de wictim, cut casts a slur on de archives of de hull African race." J Detroit Free Press. England has a blind Postmaster-general who fills the position with unpre dented success, and ; last year a blind ascended Mount Blanc, What seems almost as remarkable as that, according to the Wolverhametou Chronicle for 1702, "One Brisjoe, manager of a small theatrical company, though stone blind, plays all the heroes in his tragidies, and the lovers in all genteel comedies." Women are in tbe moral world what flowers are in the physical. S. Marechal, What Sapoleon Ate. The supply of fresh provisions was derived from Brazil and the Cape of Good Hope, and as the sheep and cattle had to endure a long voyage, they ar rived at St.Helena lean and out of order, and never fattened, after landing, as the the island furnished no means of restor ing them to condition. The ' flesh was invariably tasteless, sometimes even quite unwholesome. St. Helena fur nished no game. A few red partridges and pheasants arrived twice or thrice a year. Chinese pigs alone arrived fat and lovely, and M. Chandelier reports favorably of them. He says that their flesh was delicious, and that it gave him infinite pleasure to prepare pork gris kins, sausages and black puddings, of all of which .Napoleon was vary fond. Fish was scarce, none of the European kinds visiting the island. ; Oysters, crabs, lobsters or any kind of j shell fish were not to be had. " Only two kinds of fish were at all tolerable; one is what the French called the "bonne femme," and the other, which is long like an eel, but not thicker than the little finger, is called the needle-fish. The only fruit of any value was the banana; this he utilized in fritters, or ice'l with rum. The olimate was so variable that neither citron nor oranges oquld ripen; grapes and apricots nev.r c-tjie to maturity; apples, pears an 1 peaches were as bad. Napoleon's breakfast consisted of sor rel pottage, or any other refreshing pot tare, breast of muton boned and well gniiea, served witn a clear grayy, a roast chicken or two griskinw, and some times a plate of pulse. For dinner he had a pottage, a remove, two entrees, a roast and two dishes of sweetmeats or pastry, of which he was very fond. This was always served on plate. The re moves always used to puzzle M; Chande lier, for he often had nothing for the purpose but large pieces of beef, mutton, or fresh pork, with sometimes (by a bappy chance) a goose, a turkey or a sucking pig. Madeira, Teneriffe and Copstantia were the wines supplied to the suite of the Emperor. His own drink was claret, and of that he drank very moderately. Napoleon s cook isparticnior to record in these "Reminiscences" what dishes his master preferred: Roasted fowl, pullets minced "a la Marengo," "a 1 Italienne," "a la Provencale'l without garlic; fricasseed fowls sometimes done in champagne, which was very : dear in the island, as much as twenty shillings a bottle. Me liked puddings "a la Rich lieu," bnt above all, he preferred sweet things and pastry, suoh as "vols au vent," "petite bouchees a la reine," and little cake 3 of maccaroni prepared in various ways. ' i The cook was unable (he relates with great sorrow) to make these as good as he ought, because the maccaroni, though sent from Naples, grew stale on the pass age, as did the Parmesan. As Napoleon's health grew worse, he was more difficult te please, and poor M. -Chandelier found his skill and energy taxed to do this. New Orleans Times Democrat. What Is Home? A home is a place where character is formed, education goes on, and where people are impressed for time and fitted for eternity. It is a place to be happy in, to go in and start out from, for all good, honest and earnest living. Very great is her responsibility who is queeu of this kingdom. To a very important extent sne makes or mars its complete ness. A fretful, fault-finding, narrow incapable woman in the position of wife and mother, can cloud a home while she keeps house well, and scrubs the floors till they are as white as snow. But the recording angel surveying her perform ance will surely say, "This ought you to have done, and not have left the other undone." j In a hopie there should be liberty without license, time for family inter course, and space for personal solitude. room for the entertainment of guests and the maintenance of social life; and over all a tender, trusting, daily atmos phere of true devotion and communion with God. All this is not wholly, but largely, in the hands of her who is the central thought and well-spring of plea sure in every comfortable Christain home the dear, honored, and gracious mother. Let nobody who is a housekeeper fear to magnify her office. It is a verv saered one, and if she performs her duties faithfully, she is worthy of no stinted praise. Christian Weekly. Sponge Cake. Beat the yolks of eight eggs thoroughly, add one pint of sugar little by littlo, and the grated rind of one lemou; beat the whites of the eggs to a st.,1 f !o,i), and add them alternately with thrjs rills of flour, beating very gentlv nn " irnlv long enough to mix well; v,h, s j-avt of the flour is in, add he .euson j n e. Bake twenty minutes ic soiall loaves. To make dominoes, bake the sponge cake in long pie-tins, (two such tins will make twelve dominoes, and if no more are required, the rest of the batter may be baked in a loaf) . The batter in the pie-tins should not be more than one-third of an inch leep; spread it even and bake in a quick oven. , Have a brown paper nearly twice I the size of the case on the table, and the moment one of the cakes comes from the oven turn it upside down in the center of the paper. Spread it with a thin layer of current jelly and lay the other cake on it upside down; cut it with a hot, sharp knife lengthwise, directly through the center, then divide it across in six equal; parts, push them with the knife about an inch apart, and ice them with ordinary; white icing, putting a large desertopoonful on every piece; the beat of the cake will soften it, and with a little help the edges and sides will be smoothly covered. AU of the icing that runs over on the I paper may be carefully taken up an used again. It will then dry, which it will do very quickly. Make a horn of stiff white paper about five inches long, one and a half inches across the top, and one-eighth of an inch at the othe end; put it in I a de sertspoonful of dark chocolate j icing, close the horn at tbe top, and pressing out the icing from the small opening, draw a line of it across the center of every cake, and, then make spots like those of ivory dominoes; keep the horn supplied with icing. USEFUL RECIPES, i Musk and nutmeg melons cut in slices, with pepper and salt scattered over them, make a good beginning at the breakfast table. . White kid shoes can be cleaned by dip ping a perfectly clean white flannel cloth in a little ammonia, and then rubbing -the cloth over a cake of soap; after doing this rub the kid gently and diligently, and the soiled places will be white again. As the flannel becomes soiled change for a olean one. Curry vinegar is made by adding thre ' ounces of curry powder to one quart of vinegar; let it stand in a oovered earthen dish or jar near the fire for three days. This gives an excellent flavor to all kinds of sour pickles. . Remember when using it that a little goes a great way. . ' If vegetables that are to be piokled are put into cold salt and water, and are - gradually brought to the boiling point; it is not necessarv to let them lie the customary three days in cold salt and' water. The light proportion to use is one-quarter of pound of salt to one quart of water. It is sometimes a great convenience to be able to do up the pickles in one day. Peach fritters, served with cream and. sugar, are an excellent substitute lor pastry at dinner. Make a batter as for ordinary fritters of sweet milk, flour, and baking powder and if you choose to add one egg to each pint of milk it will improve the dish. Peel and quarter as many peaches as you wish to put in the more the better, as the peaches shrink in cooking. Drop by spoonfuls in hot lard, fry till brown, and serve warm. Neat and pretty bureau covers are made of white momie cloth. Trim the edge with antique lace of such quality and width as your purse allows. This will be found to be very servicable, as it looks well after it is washed, and it ' needs no lining. Srcym also makes pretty covers; these should be trimmed with torchon, and these maybe lined edge of the silesia, and let it come to the scallop of the torchon. Two rich, somewhat extravagant, but delicious cocoanut pies can be made by the following directions: . Grate one pint of fresh cocoanut quite fine; beat one-quarter of a pound of butter and one of sugar to a cream-like froth ; add a tumbler (of ordinary size) full of wine, i strongly flavored with rose water; stir in the cocoanut, and, lastly, put in the whites of five eggs, beaten to a froth. - These pies should be backed in deep plates, with a thin lower crust. Sot to be Discouraged. At Dal ton, Ga., they pointed out an old darkey who was to be married that evening, and I took a seat beside him on the depot platform and : "TTnolA Timi Kati is it t.rnA t. Viah trnn urn to be married to-night?" "Yes sah yes, sah, you's hit it 'zactly right, sah. "Were you ever married before?" - . "Why, bress your soul, boy, dis will be my fo'th wife!" "How long since your last one died?" "Jist free weeks nex' Saturday." "Isn't it pretty sudden when you have teen a widower only two weeks?" "I reckon not, sah. I doan see how I kin help de ole woman any by trabblin' round alone." "And they tell me you are over sev enty years old?" :'Ye8, sah I'zo risin' of seventy threa." "And you don't even own a chicken?" "No, sah." "And the bride is as badly off as your self?" "Jist 'zactly Bah." "Don't the future look a little dark to you?" "See heah, white man," replied the old chap as he slid to the ground and brushed the dust off his coat tails, "I doan' like that sort o' argyment. Ise ole an poo an' doan know muoh, but I ain't de sort of a mule to take a fo'th wife widout making all 'rangements to board wid her fadder an' gin him my note when eber anythin' am duel 'Spoae Ize gwine to be sleepin' in fence co'ners an libbin' on green apples kase my las' o'o woman tuk a nosh on to die? No sah! I isn't dat sort of a mourner. Ize got to dat aigs whar' I'ze got to be tooken car' of if I has to mary tree wives to do it." Tithe holding in Enolaxd. Parishes in England existed in the time of Alfred, Cut parish churches, with regular clergy to serve them, did not come into exist ence until long after that date. At first, most churches saem to hare been served by a monk from a neighboring abbey. In his history of the parish of Bromhill, Mr. Bowles savs that the flrxt presenta tion by the Bishop was in 1299, but long before tue Reformation the spires and towers of the village church were seen all over the land. Yet it was not uutil 1439 that the parish priest was perma nently fixed in his office with a secure salary, and it was specially enjoined that all clergymen auouid reside on their benefices. The great tithes, however, remained chiefly in the hands of the monasteries up to the dissolution, and then passed to the grantees of abbey lands or those who bought them. In this way the Duke of Bedford is such an enormous tithe-holder. The proper place to die respected by all who knew you," and all who didn't, is farther up than Sydney. For instance, who would live another hour when they could secure a funeral notice like the one we now clip from a country cousin's column: "Tim "Kinr at TVrrnra was busy in our town during the week, hav ing laid his clammy hand on Mrs. E. M., an old and respected resident; and also the infant daughter of Mr. J. G., aged '5 years. Mrs. M.'s illness was durable and painful; but having lived the life of a good Christian ever striving for that 'tabernacle not made with hands, eter nal in tbe heavens' the sd message was received with joy, for as the soul wied its flight, a serene expression restett on her departed sister's face that proclaimed the unspeakable happiness that was now its portion." The fact of the sad message being received "with joy," bowaverr clearly proves tbe ddoeaaed didn't die-, tate very much of that lot. Sydney Bulletin.