- , . I - ' .
: tS ISSUED
' '. BY THE--
DOUGLAS COUNTY PUBLISHING CO.
- - -; MAS THE
FINEST .JOB OFFICE
'IS 1CI?(tLA8 COUNTY.
CARDS, BILL JlEAPd, LEGAL BLANKS
. t And other printing, including
Large and Heavy Posters and Showv
Neatly aad expeditiously executed
A.T POIlTLiAMD TXIICJES.
On Tar ,
x Nntha ......
Tbree Moi4 li...
... 1 oo
These are the terms for those payin in advance.
The Ikdwnde!it offers fioe Inducements to ad
vertisers, Terms reasonable, i
ROSEBURG, OREGOI SATURDAY, OCTOBER 28, 18S2,
i . .ca. in n
imsw smm mmmm n
"Sfe - 1
ii ii ii ii ii h ii II ii if n . w .. &
WATCHMAKER, JEWELER, AND
ALL WORK WARRANTED.
Dealer In Wntchm. dacha. Jewelry,
Sptctaelft a d I t-KiiiHa,
And a Full Line of
Cigars, Tobaccrs and Fancy Goo!s.
The only reliable Optometer la town for the
propt r adjustment cf ypeotaciea : ' ways on hand.
Depot of the Genuine Brazilian Pebble Spec
tacles and Eyeglasses.
. OFFICE First door eouih of post office, Rose
Nearest to the Railroad Depot, Oakland
.Tnw. Muhonoy, Prop'r.
The finest of winea, liquors and cigars in Dovf
1&3 county, and the beat -
In the State kept In proper repair:
Parties traveling on the railroad will find tab
place very handy to viait daring the stop
ping of the train at the Oak
land, Depot. Give me a call.
J as. mAHONEY.
Home Made Furniture,
Upholstery, Spring Mattrasses, Etc.
Constantly on hand.
dlDMITIIDF. I have the bent stock o
rUnill I UriEL. mruiture south of Portland
And all of my own manufacture.
No two Prices to Customers
Residents of Douglas county are requested to
give me a call before purchasing elsewhere.
ALL WORK WARRANTED.-a
Richard Thomas, PropV.
'PHIS HOTEL HAS BEEN ESTABLISHED
for a number ol years, and has become very
popular with the traveling public. First-class
And the table supplied with the best the market
affords. Hotel at the depot of the Kailroad.
U AVISO ON AND A LARGE LOT O F FINE
I offer tbe tame for sale, Cheap for Cash, at my
Farm In Douglas county, six miles from Roseburg.
' ' '
HENRY CONN, Sr.
H. C. STANTON,
Dealer in j
Staple Dry Coodsl
Keeps constantly on hand a general assort
EXTRA FINE GROCERIES,
W001, WILLOW AND GLASS WARF,
Crockery and Cordage
A -full stock of
HCIIOOL 15 O O Ks
Such as required by the Public County Schools
All kinds of STATION ERY, TOYS and
To suit both Young and Old.
BUYS AND SELLS LEGAL TENDERS
furnishes Checks on Portland, and procures
Drafts on San Francisco.
SEEDS ! SPEEDS!
all mm oFBiivr quality
A L JL, OX DEjR
Promptly attended to and Goods shipned
with care. j
Address, Ilitclieney & Bene,
Notice Is hereby given, to whom It .nay concern, thai
I'.m undersigned b bcn awarded the contract for
keeping the Douglas county Pauper for the period ol
two years. All persons In need of asaintsnce trotn aid
county matt first procure a certificate to that effect
from any member of the County Board, and present it
to one of the following named persons, who are author
ized to, and will care for those presenting such certificate
W. L. Button, Hoseburg ; L. L Kellogg, Oakland ; Mrs
Hrown, Looking Glass. Dr. Scrogsrs is authorized to
furniih medical aid to all persons in need of the same
who have been declared paupers of Douglas county.
WM. B. CLARKE, Supt. of Poor.
Rwotran. Or.. Feb. 15. 1880
Witchcraft and Superstition. An
ugly old woman at IpswijlV England,
taking advantage of her reparation as a
witch, obtained $10 from the parents of
a sick girl as the price of removing the
spell that they believed the invalid was
under. A magistrate fined her $5 and
made her return the 10. A Normandy
hag has just fared worse at the hands of
the law. By pretending to cure cattle of
all diseases by supernatural.means, she
swindled the superstitions peasants eas
ily. In court she tried to convince the
jury that she was an honest witoh.. Sev
eral witnesses swore that she burned, 570
toads in their presence in order to drive
the evil spirit out of a cow. and that
they distinctly saw a black cat leap' from
the oow's mouth. The woman was con
victed as a swindler, and sentenced to
six. month's imprisonment.
LATEST SEWS SUMMARY.
BY TELEGRAPH TO DATE.
Further Mexican reports say that chol
era is raging in Tobasca.
Pleuro pneumonia has made its ap-
poarence among a herd of cattle in East
Dr. Hamiltonof New York, claims
$25,000 for hia services during President
(Jarneld s illness.
The annual session of the Brotherhood
of Locomotive Engineers is being held
at Louisville, Ky.
Bazzaeds, it is said, are feeding on the
half buried of the poor in Mazatan, Mex
J udgn Edward Hammond died on the
18th in Howard coanty, Md., aged 70.
He was a member of congress from '49
Overdank, the man arrested some time
since at Trieste, while manufacturing
bombs has been sentenced to death.
Barry Sullivan, the actor,has consented
to be nominated to parliament for the
Irish constituency on home rule princi
ples. Eugene Bogardns, eldest son of the
famous pistol shot, was fatally injured
by being thrown from a train at Talla
dega, Ala., by a sudden lurch of the car.
John McLaughlin, of Chicago, in the
crimiaal court was found guilty of man
slaughter in killing Thomas Carter and
sentenced to one year in the peniten
tiary. An accident on the Albany and Sus
quehannah railroad killed one person,
fatally injured one or two more and
dumped a score of cars into the Susgjie
Benj. Legault of Beauharnois, Canada,
has entered action to prevent his widowed
sister, 65 years of age, and worth a hun
dred thousand dollars, from marrying a
A dispatch from Manilia says cholera
continues to decrease since the last re
port. The average of deaths is four
daily. The disease still rages on the
The keeper of the lighthouse on Lonely
Island has been called upon to explain
his conduct in connection with the al
leged robbery of the body of a victim of
the Asia disaster.
The steam yacht for Jay Gould will be
completed by spring. It will be con
Btructed of iron and steel and have steel
boilers, and will be 210 feet long, 27 feet
beam and 1G feet deep, and will have 1500
indicated horse power.
The commissioner of the general land
office has transmitted for delivery the
patent for Rancho la Tursinea in Santa
Barbara county, Cal., to Jose Ramon
Malo. confirmed. The Rancho contains
14,780 acres of land, and the case has
been pending for ten years.
The funeral of Geo. P. Marsh, U. S
minister to Italy, in the Protestant ceme
tery, was simply, almost private. The
only official present was the American
consul-general. The ex-secretary of the
legation was also present, i lowers en
circling the American flag covered the
William Dickson, of star route fame,
has set for himself a life task. He
proposes to sue every paper in the' United
States that has hinted at what he consul
ers libelous reflections upon- him in con
nection with the star route jury, and has
cut clippings from hundreds of pai era.
It will take a considerable fortune to pay
the preliminary fees of the suits if he
adheres to his resolutions. Dorsey made
similar threats long ago, but no suit has
Henry S. Slaughter, recently an en
gineer of Howell & Bros', wall paper
establishment at Philadelphia, Charles
Gullery, an ex-employe of the firm, and
Samuel Vance, a car driver, were arrested
on the 19th upon bills charging them
with the larceny of 600 pieces of wall
paper, iney pieaaea guilty, me rob
bery extended over a number of years,
and amounted to $1000. Cases against
paper hangers and others, charged with
receiving the stolen property, were dis
posed of the 20th inst.
Inquiry into the alleged insanity of
Francis M. Scoville, wife of ueorge bco
ville and sister of Chaa. J. Guitean, the
murderer of President Garfield, was bo
gun in the county court in Chicago on
the 19th on complaint of her husband,
who appeared on behalf of the prosecu
tion. Tbe day was occupied in the se
lection of aiurv and hearing tbe opening
statements. Counsel Scoville, in his
statements gave the history of the Gui
teau family, claiming a streak of insanity
had run through it since 1770, and that
of 11 children of her father, five died
insane and two of disease closely allied
to it. Mr. Blanch, Mrs. Sco villa's attor
ney, in his statement, charged Scoville
with inhuman treatment to his wife and
stated he instead of she should be in the
The New York Sun's Chicago special
of Oct. 19th say 8: Bonanza Mackey, of
California, passed through this city yes
terday en route for New York. He was
accompanied by W. S. Hobart, John M
Harper and A. A. Hickox, of San Fran
cisco, and by Col. M. G. Gillett, who
jomed the party at Lake valley. New
Mexico, for the purpose of escorting them
through the cow boy infested region be
tweeu Lake valley and the Santa Fe rail
road , a distance of about thirteen milee
The cow boys have established a brigan
dage to kidnap wealthy men and hold
them to ransom. Whenever Senator
Jones, who is interested in mining prop
erty in New Mexico, visits that region he
always assumes an incognito in order to
escape the notice of brigands. Mackey
failed to adopt this precaution and Col
Gillett, getting wind of the fact that a
reward had been offered for the capture
of Mackey by the captain of the cow boys
he volunteered the service of himself
and a strong party to escort the bonanza
king and his friends to the railroad.
Although no effort was made to capture
the millionaire a number of small bands
of outlaws was encountered and Mackey
expresses himself as satisfied that nothing
but the presence cf his escort prevented
them from holding him up at least. He
says that they would have secuied noth
ing but a $5 note and a nickel watch for
their trouble, but he congratulated him
self on disappointing them to that ex
Hog cholera of a new and virulent type
has broken out near Iowa City. Jacob
Seller has lost over four hundred head.
Animals seem almost rotten from a can
The trial of Turkas. for the murder of
his wife and then firing his residence in
Vicksburg, on the 2d of July last, to
Dnrn her body, resulted in a verdict of
guilty on the 10th.
The jury in the ease of Chas. H.
Houghton, charged by the government
with making false returns while collector
of the port of Perth Amboy, returned a
verdict of guilty with recommendation
In the Universalist convention at Phil
adelphia on the ?0th a resolution was
adopted condemning the death penalty
and recommending more humane punish
ments, declaring strongly in favor of
constitutional prohibition and asking a
stringent law to prevent cruelty to ani
mals. The New York Tribune says of the
Knoxville tragedy: The bank building
seems to have been a perfect araenal, and
the community is no woise off for the
suppression, of such elements of barbar
ism, lhere is a completeness about this
affair at Knoxville that will commend it
to the public.
Mayor Law of Brooklyn has issued a
good-natured proclamation to the boys
or tne city asking them not to build bon
fires on the night of the election, as the
custom is a silly one, and, while it may
do for country villages, it is out of place
in a great city, and also against the law.
The Turkish government has made a
demand upon the Providence, R. I.,
Tool Company for 48,617 rifles, with
bayonets and scabbards, manufactured
by the Tool Company for the Turkish
government, and held, as alleged, in
store by said company for the govern
ment. In Eastman, Ga., on the 20th Ridffley
Powell, Simon G. Quinn, Joe King, Bob
Donaldson and Ella Moore, negroes.
were hanged in the jail yard for compli
city in a riot at a camp meeting, in
which a young white man named Jas
Harvard was set upon by an infuriated
mob and after being shot by one of the
men was beated almost to a ielly by oth
ers. Women raised the howl whuh ex
cited the mob to desperate work.
Henry Clay Mayard, who for the past
eight years manager of the Western
Union telegraph omee at Chicago, died
at Geneva Lake, Wisconsin, on the 20th.
Since the death of his wife last! spring
ho nan been much broken m
spirits and health, and was obliged to
leave his office two weeks ago, since
which time he has rapidly failed. He
suffered from a puzzling complication of
disorders and died in a congestive chill.
He was widely known and respected by
Thirty-six horses and mules were stolen
from Williams, Arizona, on the 15th by
four horse-thieves, and they with their
plunder started the same night overland
for Texas tp dispose of the same. The
owners, all freighters, to the number of
eight men, started in pursuit. The horse
thieves were surprised early on the 16th
at Tnera canyon, thirty-five miles east of
Williams and all were killed at the firet
fire. The stolen horses and mules were
Students of Monmouth college and the
faculty are at war. They had arranged
to bold a reception in the chapel in honor
of Mr. iloss, who recently won the ora
torical prize in Chicago. The faculty
tried to stop it, but the proceedings were
conducted in spite of them, and they
suspended Mr. Mitchell, master of cere
monies, indefinitely. On the 20th 200
students absented themselves, giving
notice that they would not recite until
Mitchell was taken back. Only a few
students remained in the classes, and
much interest in the contest is mani
Mary McCarty, of Canton, Mass., a
prisoner in the woman's reformatory
some weeks ago, brought suit claiming
zO,UO0 damage of Justice Walbndge A.
Field, of the supreme court, because he
refused to grant her a writ of habeas
corpus after having, as she alleges, ille
gally transferred a suit against her from
the supreme court the the superior crim
inal court. The woman's attorney at
tacbed the judge's property to the amount
of 320,000 on the 19th. This anomalous
action came into the superior court be
fore Judge Koowlton on the demurrer of
defendant. The points made by the
defeus? are exceedingly brief and were
that plaintiff's remedy was by a writ of
error and that the suit could not be
maintained against Judge Field for tbe
act done in his judicial capacity.
An organization known as the Macca
bees has been started in Cincinnati. Its
purpose is to encourage and assist in the
promotion of agriculture among the
Israelites. The plaa is to enroll in sec
tions all Israelites over 13 years of age
who shall pay an annual tine of one
dollar each, the sections in each state to
constitute a division, and representative
of divisions constitute a grand division.
Tbe latter will have an executive council
which ehall control and disburse funds.
A provisional council to act until the
executive council is organized has been
chosen. It consists of M. Loth, Moses
Krohn, M. H. Marks, Henry Stix, Joseph
Abraham, Joseph Trounselme, Alex.
Strauss, and Max Henry Towenstein.
In the Scoville insanity case at Chicago
on the 2Uth tbe court was crowded with
cranks and sightseers. Mr. Scoville tea
titled to traces of insanity in Guiteau's
family, from the grandfather down.
Mrs. Scoville first showed signs of in
sanity whth their son became sick. She
fell in love with the physician and con
fessed it. Subsequently 8he denied the
confession was made. She Boon became
violently nervous and irritatinsr and at
tempted to leave the house. She confided
all her grievances to others and lost al
affection for her family sxcept to him
and within the past six months she had
deserted him too. He related in detail
his recent well known troubles with her,
She formed a friendship with Geo. W.
Earlie, an alleged newspaper man, and
confessed to witness that she loved Earlie
They wrote and sent letters to ilrs. Gar
field and others. Mrs. Scoville was very
intimate with George Francis Train in
Aew York. She was very sir now
though formerly fttfcnk. She was lately
changeable, fickle and often provoked
WILLIS B. ALXRIT, IH OVtt COHTISBRT.
O'er the dusty roadsidi bending,
With its wondrous wpight of gold,
Can it be the rod eachiiited,
Al ida used in days old ?
Hush 1 perchance it is s princess
In the sunlight noddaig there,
Spell-bound bv the wicked fairy
Sleepy little Golden- ijair I
Nay, it is Belsohazzar's banquet.
Where the drowsy monarch sups
With his swarm ot courtiers drinking
From the'Bacred goMau-cupa.
Sae, I pluck hia tiny kingd
Lon ago it was decreed
And divide it, dear, between us,
You the Persian,'!' the Mede.
W0 ED IN THE DOCKS.
There were twenty-seven persons
charged with various offences before his
honor that morning. It was only about
eighteen months ago.
One of the accused was a young girl
about seventeen, who .was weeping very
bitterly. The usual crowd of hangers
on the police court was leering eagerly
at the misfortunate tramp, the irre
claimable drunkard, the foreheadless
petty larcenist, and the burly burglar.
But there was eometning in tnia
young girl's sobs, in this sorrow of the
fair haired maiden who had passed the
night in the same cell with drunken
prostitutes, female dive theives and wo
men of the worst olass that was Heart
Even the bailiff of the court accus
tomed to criminal misery and inured to
the scenes of suffering from the suicide
of a wanton to the execution of a mur
derer and his parting with his mother
and sister even the bailin felt touched,
and walking up to the railing, whispered
some kind word in her ear.
And next to her sat a young man pale
as death. The humiliation of his posi
tion stood out in bold bas-relief in his
attitude and in every feature of his face,
in the nervous clutch of his hands, in the
shifting of his feet, the disarranged hair,
and the silently expressed suuenng.
The judge was late tnat morning and
keDt the prisoners waiting.
His face was whiter than ever, but his
. . . ....
mouth was firm and resolute, and
after he had -aid the word that made
him a convict, he faced the magistrate
"Your honor, I have said guilty be
cause I should be a liar if I said any
thing else; but, your honor, I have this
to add to my plea: 1 never drank wine in
my life until last Friday night, and
was utterly under its influence when I
took that gold.
At this juncture an elderly man
stepped forward and said, in a voice
choked with emotion
"Your honor, I am this young man's
employer, and I am sorry that I have
taken these steps now. With your
pern-ission I will withdraw the charge
But his honor only looked a; little
dimly through his spectacles and said
"Too late; complaint sworn to, arrest
made, prisoner pleads guilty.
And it came to pass that Hugh
Murray expiated the one criminal act of
his life by six months in the house of
But before he left the dock he man
aged to whisper to his neighbor "Tell
me your name, won t you. 1 have been
so bad and I am sure you are so good
and perhaps when my punishment is
over, you who are so fentle, will let
me come and see you and call you my
And she. with her great eyes all
bleared with tears, said faintly
"My name is Isabel Isabel Daly.
hopj you won't be bad again, and that
they won t be unkind to you.
And he passed out of the dock with
these words ringing m his ears
"I hope you won't be bad again, and
that they won t be unkind to you.
And when he reached the cell from
which they were to take him away to the
house of correction, the firmness that
kept him up so far all left him, and
crouched on the stones he burst into a
passionate fit of weeping.
He was not long alone, for his employer
had followed him, and the once severe
master was now as badly broken down as
tbe clerk whom he had caused to be pun
ished so severely. The old jeweler put
his arms around Hugh s neck and for
several minutes oould not speak. And
at last said:
"My poor boy, I wish I could undo
this. When I saw you standing id the
dock, you made me think of a boy of my
own who was ruined by the wine cup
and left me for I don t know where
What can I do? How can I undo this?'
There was no reply, for both hearts
were too full to speak for a moment; but
the young man at iast raised his head
"I am not crying like a baby for my
punishment, and I have nothing but
good will to you. If you have been
harsh to me, I don't know it. Let me
be candid with you. I was a thief, and
I was a drunkard a thief for the first
time and a drunkard for the firt time
but still I was both. If you think you
have been harsh, then, when my punish
ment is over, help me to get somewhere
where I can get work a long way off,
where my story is not known, and as
live, I will repay your kindness ten
fold. And there is a young girl," he
continued, "charged with stealing some
lace, up stairs. Will you see her? I am
sure she is innocent, and in the dock she
forgot all her trouble lor a moment, to
ask me never to be bad again. It was
that, Mr Belden, which made me give
way so weakly." -
The parting was a very sad one, but
the inevitable had to come, and Hugh
Murray was for six months to come oaly
"No. i37," in the western corridor.
A few days after be had been in prison
he received a tronk full -of new clothing
from his late employer, some luxuries in
the way of food, etc., that were specially
permitted by the warden, and the fol
lowing letter: .."'
"My dear Hugh: Please accept the
accompanying little gifts from me, and.
keep up a good heart. I send you some
useful books wherewith to employ your
time. Your friend, who was in such
trouble, was perfectly innocent, and was
discharged , her arrest having been a
conspiracy, and she is now head sales
woman of the house where she was ac
cused of theft. I called and told her
yesterday how bitterly you suffered from
her sympathy, and tbe nobis girl burst
into tears and bade me tell you to be of
good courage and never be bad again."
A year after this there was a little
quiet wedding in Toronto, Canada, and
tbe bridegrooui was a successful young
jeweller, just started in business, and
the president of one of the total ab
stinence societies, while the bride's
name was Isabel Daly. And as he held
her to his heart after the ceremony he
"Darling, do you remember that yon
were wooed in a prison dock?"
Ihe one strange thing about the wed
ding, was however, that when they . got
to their new little home there was a let
ter addressed to Mr. and MrsMurray,
and it bad a smudge on it just as if an
old-fashioned salt tear had fallen on it,
and all that was inside of it was a check
for one thousand dollars signed by
When an American buyer arrives in the
heart of the rug-making country in Asia,
he selects the best agent he can find, and
gives him an order for, say 100 lugs, of
about the colors and sizes tf certain
samples which he may find in tbe ba
zaars. The Turkish agent then employs
natives of the villages, where the kind of
rugs selected are wanted, giving to each
a bag of gold, and instructions to order
four rugs. The sub-agent then goes
among the families and talks with them,
drinking many cups of coffee and dis
cussing the price for days at a time.
When a bargain is concluded some
money is furnished tbe familv for wool,
dyes and food, and the agent goes away
sure that in the course of a few months
the rug will be ready. Upon a carpet
eight feet by twelve a whole family will
work for months. The cotton or woolen
threads which form the groundwork or
warp of the fabric are stretched upon a
hug frame the width of the rug, and
the family, or such members of it as are
able to work, sit on the floor and tie
knots in the warp threads with the col
ored wool tufts, tightening the finished
fabric now and then with a rough comb.
Each worker takes about twenty- seven
inches of the rug, and works along this
strip. From two to four inches a day is
the speed at which the rug advances if
the family is large enough for the whole
width of the rug to advance at the same
time. A rug eight or nine feet wide re
quires four persons who work side by
side. The finishing of the rug, smooth
ing, clipping, etc., is a work requiring
skill and judgment. The wages are very
small and the payment is according to
the number of square feet. The work
ers know certaiu paterns by heart and
dye their own wools. The old dyes have
in some instances been supplanted by
aniline colors which do not keep their
tones, and fade without giving to the rug
the Boftness of tint which is the chief
glory of a fine Eastern rug. So ntany
merchants have refused to buy the car
pets in which aniline dyes have been
used that the use of them may event
ually be stopped.
The rug-makers as a class are poor in
money, very ignorant and religious, but
live comfortably. Epeoially around the
borders of the Caspian sea, in the coun
try watered by the rivers of the Caucas
sian mountains, are the people in com
fortable circumstances, although about
three centuries behind the rest ' of the
world. The rugs and carpets are brought
in from Persia and the neighboring dis
tricts on camels' backs, the arrival of a
camel train being one of the curious
sights of the town.
No Chance Tor Honor.
We were all at the depot in Macon,
waiting for tbe train to go, when a col
ored maa with a head as round as a
bullet, came bustling in and picked up a
friend and brother and jammed him
against the wall and slammed him on
the floor and bestowed upon his cocoa
nut some blows which must have made
that organ ache in a lively manner. The
victim was a tall, serious-looking man,
wearing a plug hat and carrying a small
satchel. He made no resistance, and
when it was all over he sat down and
rubbed the kinks out of his hat as coolly
as if a pounding was an everyday occur
"Rather sudden?" I remarked, as the
crowd thinned out.
"Werry sudden, sah, an altogether
beyan precedent, .he replied.
"I noticed that you didn't resist."
"No, sah, I didu't get ober de commo
shun soon 'naff."
" Were you not expeoting something of
"No, sah, I am sellia' a powder dat
makes a pint of kerosene ile go as fur as
i quart widout it. I sold dat pusson
some yesterday, an' I reckon he might
have tried it fur toothache or liber com
plaint, an' become disgusted."
"He gave you some hard knocks."
"I 'spect he did, sah, an' de worst of it
am I can't get eben wid him. De proper
way would have been lur him to Bend me
a challenge. We should have met on de
field of honab, an' I should have killed
him. He didn't do it. He rushed in
heah, an widout de leas' regard fur my
sense of honah he banged me into a box
an' walks out widout axin' fur my ca'd or
leabin his. Dat's one fing dat am keepin'
our race down in dis kentry want of
honah. I don't say -dat I 'prove of
duellin', but I mus' insist dis way of
walkin' in on a pusson who kin speak fo'
languages an' has been to Niagary Falls
an' moppin' him on de flo', am not only
painful to de wictim, cut casts a slur on
de archives of de hull African race."
J Detroit Free Press.
England has a blind Postmaster-general
who fills the position with unpre
dented success, and ; last year a blind
ascended Mount Blanc, What seems
almost as remarkable as that, according
to the Wolverhametou Chronicle for
1702, "One Brisjoe, manager of a small
theatrical company, though stone blind,
plays all the heroes in his tragidies, and
the lovers in all genteel comedies."
Women are in tbe moral world what
flowers are in the physical. S. Marechal,
What Sapoleon Ate.
The supply of fresh provisions was
derived from Brazil and the Cape of
Good Hope, and as the sheep and cattle
had to endure a long voyage, they ar
rived at St.Helena lean and out of order,
and never fattened, after landing, as the
the island furnished no means of restor
ing them to condition. The ' flesh was
invariably tasteless, sometimes even
quite unwholesome. St. Helena fur
nished no game. A few red partridges
and pheasants arrived twice or thrice a
year. Chinese pigs alone arrived fat
and lovely, and M. Chandelier reports
favorably of them. He says that their
flesh was delicious, and that it gave him
infinite pleasure to prepare pork gris
kins, sausages and black puddings, of
all of which .Napoleon was vary fond.
Fish was scarce, none of the European
kinds visiting the island. ; Oysters,
crabs, lobsters or any kind of j shell fish
were not to be had. " Only two kinds of
fish were at all tolerable; one is what the
French called the "bonne femme," and
the other, which is long like an eel, but
not thicker than the little finger, is called
the needle-fish. The only fruit of any
value was the banana; this he utilized in
fritters, or ice'l with rum. The olimate
was so variable that neither citron nor
oranges oquld ripen; grapes and apricots
nev.r c-tjie to maturity; apples, pears
an 1 peaches were as bad.
Napoleon's breakfast consisted of sor
rel pottage, or any other refreshing pot
tare, breast of muton boned and well
gniiea, served witn a clear grayy, a
roast chicken or two griskinw, and some
times a plate of pulse. For dinner he
had a pottage, a remove, two entrees, a
roast and two dishes of sweetmeats or
pastry, of which he was very fond. This
was always served on plate. The re
moves always used to puzzle M; Chande
lier, for he often had nothing for the
purpose but large pieces of beef, mutton,
or fresh pork, with sometimes (by a
bappy chance) a goose, a turkey or a
sucking pig. Madeira, Teneriffe and
Copstantia were the wines supplied to
the suite of the Emperor. His own
drink was claret, and of that he drank
Napoleon s cook isparticnior to record
in these "Reminiscences" what dishes
his master preferred: Roasted fowl,
pullets minced "a la Marengo," "a 1
Italienne," "a la Provencale'l without
garlic; fricasseed fowls sometimes done
in champagne, which was very : dear in
the island, as much as twenty shillings a
bottle. Me liked puddings "a la Rich
lieu," bnt above all, he preferred sweet
things and pastry, suoh as "vols au
vent," "petite bouchees a la reine," and
little cake 3 of maccaroni prepared in
various ways. ' i
The cook was unable (he relates with
great sorrow) to make these as good as
he ought, because the maccaroni, though
sent from Naples, grew stale on the pass
age, as did the Parmesan. As Napoleon's
health grew worse, he was more difficult
te please, and poor M. -Chandelier found
his skill and energy taxed to do this.
New Orleans Times Democrat.
What Is Home?
A home is a place where character is
formed, education goes on, and where
people are impressed for time and fitted
for eternity. It is a place to be happy
in, to go in and start out from, for all
good, honest and earnest living. Very
great is her responsibility who is queeu
of this kingdom. To a very important
extent sne makes or mars its complete
ness. A fretful, fault-finding, narrow
incapable woman in the position of wife
and mother, can cloud a home while she
keeps house well, and scrubs the floors
till they are as white as snow. But the
recording angel surveying her perform
ance will surely say, "This ought you to
have done, and not have left the other
In a hopie there should be liberty
without license, time for family inter
course, and space for personal solitude.
room for the entertainment of guests
and the maintenance of social life; and
over all a tender, trusting, daily atmos
phere of true devotion and communion
with God. All this is not wholly, but
largely, in the hands of her who is the
central thought and well-spring of plea
sure in every comfortable Christain
home the dear, honored, and gracious
Let nobody who is a housekeeper fear
to magnify her office. It is a verv saered
one, and if she performs her duties
faithfully, she is worthy of no stinted
praise. Christian Weekly.
Sponge Cake. Beat the yolks of eight
eggs thoroughly, add one pint of sugar
little by littlo, and the grated rind of one
lemou; beat the whites of the eggs to a
st.,1 f !o,i), and add them alternately with
thrjs rills of flour, beating very gentlv
nn " irnlv long enough to mix well;
v,h, s j-avt of the flour is in, add he
.euson j n e. Bake twenty minutes ic
soiall loaves. To make dominoes, bake
the sponge cake in long pie-tins, (two
such tins will make twelve dominoes,
and if no more are required, the rest of
the batter may be baked in a loaf) . The
batter in the pie-tins should not be more
than one-third of an inch leep; spread it
even and bake in a quick oven. , Have
a brown paper nearly twice I the size of
the case on the table, and the moment
one of the cakes comes from the oven turn
it upside down in the center of the paper.
Spread it with a thin layer of current
jelly and lay the other cake on it upside
down; cut it with a hot, sharp knife
lengthwise, directly through the center,
then divide it across in six equal; parts,
push them with the knife about an inch
apart, and ice them with ordinary; white
icing, putting a large desertopoonful on
every piece; the beat of the cake will
soften it, and with a little help the edges
and sides will be smoothly covered. AU
of the icing that runs over on the I paper
may be carefully taken up an used again.
It will then dry, which it will do very
quickly. Make a horn of stiff white paper
about five inches long, one and a half
inches across the top, and one-eighth of
an inch at the othe end; put it in I a de
sertspoonful of dark chocolate j icing,
close the horn at tbe top, and pressing
out the icing from the small opening,
draw a line of it across the center of
every cake, and, then make spots like
those of ivory dominoes; keep the horn
supplied with icing.
USEFUL RECIPES, i
Musk and nutmeg melons cut in slices,
with pepper and salt scattered over them,
make a good beginning at the breakfast
White kid shoes can be cleaned by dip
ping a perfectly clean white flannel cloth
in a little ammonia, and then rubbing -the
cloth over a cake of soap; after doing
this rub the kid gently and diligently,
and the soiled places will be white again.
As the flannel becomes soiled change for
a olean one.
Curry vinegar is made by adding thre '
ounces of curry powder to one quart of
vinegar; let it stand in a oovered earthen
dish or jar near the fire for three days.
This gives an excellent flavor to all kinds
of sour pickles. . Remember when using
it that a little goes a great way. . '
If vegetables that are to be piokled
are put into cold salt and water, and are -
gradually brought to the boiling point;
it is not necessarv to let them lie the
customary three days in cold salt and'
water. The light proportion to use is
one-quarter of pound of salt to one
quart of water. It is sometimes a great
convenience to be able to do up the
pickles in one day.
Peach fritters, served with cream and.
sugar, are an excellent substitute lor
pastry at dinner. Make a batter as for
ordinary fritters of sweet milk, flour,
and baking powder and if you choose
to add one egg to each pint of milk it
will improve the dish. Peel and quarter
as many peaches as you wish to put in
the more the better, as the peaches
shrink in cooking. Drop by spoonfuls in
hot lard, fry till brown, and serve warm.
Neat and pretty bureau covers are
made of white momie cloth. Trim the
edge with antique lace of such quality
and width as your purse allows. This
will be found to be very servicable, as it
looks well after it is washed, and it '
needs no lining. Srcym also makes
pretty covers; these should be trimmed
with torchon, and these maybe lined
edge of the silesia, and let it come to the
scallop of the torchon.
Two rich, somewhat extravagant, but
delicious cocoanut pies can be made by
the following directions: . Grate one
pint of fresh cocoanut quite fine; beat
one-quarter of a pound of butter and
one of sugar to a cream-like froth ; add a
tumbler (of ordinary size) full of wine, i
strongly flavored with rose water; stir in
the cocoanut, and, lastly, put in the
whites of five eggs, beaten to a froth. -
These pies should be backed in deep
plates, with a thin lower crust.
Sot to be Discouraged.
At Dal ton, Ga., they pointed out an
old darkey who was to be married that
evening, and I took a seat beside him on
the depot platform and :
"TTnolA Timi Kati is it t.rnA t. Viah trnn urn
to be married to-night?"
"Yes sah yes, sah, you's hit it 'zactly
"Were you ever married before?" - .
"Why, bress your soul, boy, dis will
be my fo'th wife!"
"How long since your last one died?"
"Jist free weeks nex' Saturday."
"Isn't it pretty sudden when you have
teen a widower only two weeks?"
"I reckon not, sah. I doan see how I
kin help de ole woman any by trabblin'
"And they tell me you are over sev
enty years old?"
:'Ye8, sah I'zo risin' of seventy
threa." "And you don't even own a chicken?"
"And the bride is as badly off as your
self?" "Jist 'zactly Bah."
"Don't the future look a little dark to
"See heah, white man," replied the
old chap as he slid to the ground and
brushed the dust off his coat tails, "I
doan' like that sort o' argyment. Ise ole
an poo an' doan know muoh, but I ain't
de sort of a mule to take a fo'th wife
widout making all 'rangements to board
wid her fadder an' gin him my note
when eber anythin' am duel 'Spoae Ize
gwine to be sleepin' in fence co'ners an
libbin' on green apples kase my las' o'o
woman tuk a nosh on to die? No sah! I
isn't dat sort of a mourner. Ize got to
dat aigs whar' I'ze got to be tooken
car' of if I has to mary tree wives to
Tithe holding in Enolaxd. Parishes
in England existed in the time of Alfred,
Cut parish churches, with regular clergy
to serve them, did not come into exist
ence until long after that date. At first,
most churches saem to hare been served
by a monk from a neighboring abbey.
In his history of the parish of Bromhill,
Mr. Bowles savs that the flrxt presenta
tion by the Bishop was in 1299, but long
before tue Reformation the spires and
towers of the village church were seen
all over the land. Yet it was not uutil
1439 that the parish priest was perma
nently fixed in his office with a secure
salary, and it was specially enjoined that
all clergymen auouid reside on their
benefices. The great tithes, however,
remained chiefly in the hands of the
monasteries up to the dissolution, and
then passed to the grantees of abbey
lands or those who bought them. In
this way the Duke of Bedford is such an
The proper place to die respected by
all who knew you," and all who didn't,
is farther up than Sydney. For instance,
who would live another hour when they
could secure a funeral notice like the
one we now clip from a country cousin's
column: "Tim "Kinr at TVrrnra was
busy in our town during the week, hav
ing laid his clammy hand on Mrs. E. M.,
an old and respected resident; and also
the infant daughter of Mr. J. G., aged '5
years. Mrs. M.'s illness was durable and
painful; but having lived the life of a
good Christian ever striving for that
'tabernacle not made with hands, eter
nal in tbe heavens' the sd message was
received with joy, for as the soul wied
its flight, a serene expression restett on
her departed sister's face that proclaimed
the unspeakable happiness that was now
its portion." The fact of the sad message
being received "with joy," bowaverr
clearly proves tbe ddoeaaed didn't die-,
tate very much of that lot. Sydney
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