Newspaper Page Text
HAS THE IS ISSUED Saturday Movnlnesi BY THE DOUGLAS COUNTY PUBLISHING CO. FlfJEGT JOB OFFICE r IS DOUGLAS COUNTY. '- sV CARDS, BILL BEADS, LEGAL BLANKS And other printing:. Including Large and Heavy Posters and Showy On Year mt. mm . a, -i.-' ,.$ so s oo Hand-Bills.' Neatly and expeditiously executed u r to jivuiur. 1 00 These sre the term for those p.yinir la advance. The Imdepkndent offer floe Inducements to ad vertisers. Terms reasonable. VOL. vin. ROSEBURG, OREGON, SATURDAY, JULY 21, 1883. NO. 15. A.TT PORTLAND PltlCEO. THE INDEPENDENT T ' JIai. : sal' ' V ''ffT"ffBsK1WI WB mr H'aCTsgs raw am wigvi ; .JASICULEK PRACTICAL WATCHMAKER, JEWELER, AND OPTICIAN. ALL WORICWARRANTED. Dealer In Watchea, Clocks, Jewelry, Spectacles aod KyrglaM, And a Fall Line of Cigars, Tobaccos and Fancy Boots. Tbe only reliable Optometer In town for tbe proper t JJuHment cf Spectacles ; always on band. Depot of the Genuine Brazilian Pebble Spec tacles and Eyeglasses. OFFICE First door south of post office. Rose bury, Oregon. - LNGENBERG'S Boot and Shoe Store, IIOBEBDHG, OGN., On Jackson Street ODtofte the.Postoffico. Keeps on ban d tbe largest and boat assortment of Eaatera and San rrsselieo Kaota and Shoes, alters, Sllppera And everything In tbe Boot and Shoe Line and SEIXS CHEAP for CASH. Boots jtnd Shoes Made to Order Perfect Fit Guaranteed. I use tbe Best of Leather and Warrant all my work. XITCITAITIINO Neatly Done On Short Notice. I keep always on band TOYS AND NOTIONS. WJIuBlcal Instrument sad Violin Strintrs a Spe cialty. I.Ol'tS J.AAGRftK&RG. DR. M. W. DAVIS, DENTIST, ROSEBURG, OREGON. OFFICK-ON JACKSON STREET. Up Stairr, oyer 8. Marks & Co. 'a New 8tore. MAHONEY'S SALOON Nearest to the Railroad Depot, Oakland Jag. Mahoney, Prop'r. The finest of wines, liquors and cigars in Dowg laa county, and the beak 23IIL.IL.IJa.tlI Tja.IllL.X3 la the State kept in proper repairs Parties traveling on the railroad win find this place rery bandy to visit daring tae stop ping of the train at the Oak land Depot. Giva meacalL J as. HAo.OI?EY. JOHN FRASER, " Home Made Furniture, WILBUR, OREGON. Upholstery, Spring Mattrasses, Etc., Constantly on hand. tTIIDMITIIBET nave the best stock of r Ufiltl I UnC. juraiture south of Portland And all of my own manufacture. No two Prices to Customers Residents of Douglas county are requested to give me a call before purchasing elsewhere. 1ST ALL WORK WARRANTED.- DEPOT HOTEL OAKLAND, ORKUOIf. liicliard Thomas, Prop'r. rPHI8 HOTEL HAS BEEN ESTABLISHED for a number ot years, and has become rery popular with the traveling public. First-class SLEEPING ACCOMMODATIONS. And the table supplied with the best the market affords. Hotel Hf the dpot of the Kail road. H. G. STANTON, Dealer iu Staple Dry Coods! Keeps constantly on hand meut of a general aasort- EXTRA FINE GROCERIES, N WOOD, WILLOW ASD GLASS WARF, ALSO Crockery and Cordage A full stock of SCHOOL 13 O O ItS Such as required by the Public County Schools, All kinds of STATIONERY. TOYS and FANCY ARTICLES, To suit both Young and Old. B UYS AND SELLS LEGAL TENDERS, furnishes Checks on Portland, and procures Drain on ban rranciaeo. SEEDS ! ALL KINDS OF KKST QUALITY -A. L JL. ORDERS Promptly attended to and Goods shipoed with care. Address, Hacheney & Bene, Portland. Oregon. The Minnesota state prohibition con vention met at Minneapolis July 10th. The tariff for revenue only was tabled by vote of 44 to 26. The platform con demns the course of both parties on the liquor question ; favors the enfranchise ment of women, and tbe election of all officers by the people when possible. The following is, the ticket: Governor, Chas. Evans Holt; lieutenant governor, Professor E. J. Payne; secretary of state, ;. B. Shore; treasurer, C. Manderspn. At Macon Station, Ala., July 10th, a man by the name of Carpenter was fatally shot by his brother-in-law, A. W. Smith, who soon afterwards fired two t&ots in his own heart. LATEST NEWS SUMMARY. BT TELEGRAPH TO DATE. The mortality of New York city for tbe week ending July 14th is 1110. It is reported that Marquis Ripon has resigned the rice generalship of India. The Chicago police raided the Chinese opium dens, arresting thirteen persons. Fighting continues in Zaluland. It is reported that Cetewayo has been de feated. Four men were Jailed by a derrick giving way in a stone qnarry at Eureka, 111., July 12th. The semi-centennial anniverary of the incorporation of Chioago as a village will occur August 10th. At Berlin a student of Werzberg uni versity waa shot dead recently in a duel. His antagonist, a German-American, fled. - It ia said Japan has declined the pro posal of the French ambassador at Shanghai to form an alliance against the Chinese. At Waterford. Pa.. July 13th. May Hultz, seven years old, fell from a scaffolding 60 feet high, and was in stantly killed. Geo. Hakes, a farm laborer, recently of Oregon, was fatally shot by a oolored man named Gilford Logan at Farn.ing- ton, (Jai., J ulj loth. A dispatch from Breckenierd. Switzer land, says nearly all the cultivated land iu that district has been ruined by storms and land slides. At Cockatoo, Minn., July 13th. three- fourths of the town was destroyed by fire. Three railroad men were burned to death, and one man had his leg broken. A Barnsley, England, dispatch of July 15.h says: 'During a rain storm to-day, five children, who had taken refuge in a culvert, were drowned by the sudden rush of water. The treasury department July 9th and 10th issued warrants for the payment of $14,600,000 on account of army and navy pensions fer the fiscal year ending June 30, 1884. A Moritzbarg, Natal, dispatch of July 15th says: !Fifty corpses of Zulu men. women and children were seen June 5th at White river, on the border of Zulu land, massacred in their hiding place by Cetewayo's followers. At Almaden mills. Cal., July 13th., Wm. Brown and Francisco Avilla were killed by the breaking of a ahain by which the car in which they were riding was ascending from the smelting works at the haoienda to the shaft on the hill. A Paris dispatch of July 10 says: A'-h- ird has introduced a bill in the chamber of deputies authorizing the taking of soundings for piers for a railway bridge from Cape Gresnez on the French coast across the strait of Dover to Folkestone in England. A heavy rain storm at Harrisburg.Ya., July 12th, did a great deal of damage. washing out the streets, carrying away sidewalks, small bridges and a few houses. The surrounding country like wise suffered from the rain and flood, do ing much damage to crops. John S. Gray, ex-secretary of the har bor commission, San Francisco, against whom forty-four charges of felony are pending, was released from the county jail, having filed bonds for $22,000. Ho will be given a speedy trial after the Hamblin case has been disposed of. A Pes'th dispatch of July 15th says A large nre occurred at a village near a f here to-day, and a number of persons lost their lives. Eight corpses were extricated from the ruins. Twenty per sons, including the prefect of police, are missing. Many are made homeless by the fire. The June report of the Kansas state board of agriculture places the wheat crop at 27,956,555 bushels, being 7,778, 000 less than what was raised in 82. The crop is about all harvested. The corn area is 4,557,042 acres, being an increase oi our per cent, over looz. me pros pects for a good yield of corn this season are as favorable as last year. A heavy hail And rain storm passed over parts ot southern lowa, northern Missouri and western Illinois, July 13th, doing untold damages to crops and fruit, and demolishing hundreds of houses and other buildings. In Lee county, lowa, the storm blew a passen ger train from the track, two passengers being fatally injured and six others slightly. At Bloomington, Ind., July 12th, the new department of the Indiana nniversi ty was discovered on fire. The labora tory was soon in flames, and shortly afterward the library and museum. The latter contained the famous Owen col lection and Dr. Jordan's collection o fishes. The library had 15,000 volumes The building was entirely destroyed The fire caught by lightning. Loss 200,000; insurance, $30,000. At Middleboro, Mass., July 15th Charles Hey ward Stratton, better known as "General Tom Thumb." died at his residence of apoplexy. He had been slightly indisposed a few days, but noth ing serious was anticipated. Deceased was born at Bridgeport, Conn., January 4, 1838. At the age of 14 he entered the service of P. T. Barnum, and ever since then he has been before the public. He leaves a widow, formerly Miss Lavinia Warren, also a dwarf, who has been on the stage with him since their marriage in 1863. Andrew White, a wealthy farmer liv ing near D wight, Illinois, was recently placed in an insane asylum, owing to the impairment of his mental faculties caused by close attention to tbe details of his business. He there became strongly possessed of the hallucination that bis wife and children desired to rob him of his property. He escaped from his retreat and proceeded to his home Arriving there in the middle of tbe night he watched till morning, when he called to his wife to come and welcome him. His wife and two children, aged ten and twelve years, came at once, and he allowed each to caress him. He then drew a revolver, shot and instantly killed his wife, and followed this by murdering his two children. He made the tragedy complete by killing himself. Adrian Boltter, French musical com poser, is dead, aged 67. Gen. Moore, American consul at Cal lao, Peru, died of yellow fever July 11th. The President recognizes Lamar Quiu ters as vice consul of Costa Rica at New Orleans. James Carey, the informer, has been declared a bankrupt, owing to his failure to pay his rates. At Tripoli, July 11th, twelve soldiers were killed by the explosion of a bomb, while being removed. News from Yeneznala state that locusts are doing a great deal of damage in many parts of the country. At Batavia, Java, a powder magazine burned and a quantity of war material was destroyed recently. - A large hall at Delft, Holland, spec ially erected for the celebiation of an anniversary there, burned, July 11th. Alexander Billingsly. was killed in a powder explosion in a powder mill at Wilmington, Del., July 13th. Three other men were injured. The Republican state convention of Pennsylvania met at Harris burg July 11th. They endorse Arthur's administra tion, favor high tariff and fair wages. Three thousand orangemen at Toronto celebrated the anniversary of the battle of the Boyne July 12th by a publio pro cession, and afterward enjoyed games in the provincial exhibition grounds. Everything was quiet. Reports from the middle of Texas say that careful estimates state the number of cattle driven on the trail in that sec tion at 600,000, an increase of 250,000 over thato f last year. The bulk of the cattle will be driven to Kansas, Nebraska and the western territories. Hamilton county, Neb., was visited ately by a destructive wind and ram storm, doing great damage to buildings and crops and killing some stock. Num erous business buildings in Aurora were heavily damaged and a large number of dwellings and outhouses were wrecked. At Chicago. July 11th, a runaway horse attached to a light Duggy.in wnion were seated four young people, ap proached the draw of the Harrison street bridge at a furious gallop and plunged into the river, the bridgo having been swung to allow the passage of a vessel. The buggy was precipitated into the river and all four were drowned. A dispatch from Florence, Arizona, states that the people of that territory are disheartened over the present status of the Indian question. They have little confidence in a peaceful result in replao ing the renegade Apaches on ban Carlos reservation, but are of the opinion that the Apachea should be removed from the emtorv. At Burnt Prairie, 111., recently, a atal affray occurred between Douglas Gowdy and Buck Williams, the result of an old family feud. Gowdy went to Williams' house armed with a knife and cut Williams several times. The latter ran but was followed by Gowdy. He then drew his own knife and stabbed Gowdy to the heart. Gowdy dropped dead. A Marvsville, Cal., dispatch of July 12th bays: Yesterday Denis Haggerty and Henry Dowling, two hold-ups, met James Linn and a S'?ede, three miles from town. Shooting Linn and beating the Swede ith a c'.ub, they then robbed them of a few dollars. Last evening Haggerty and Dowling were arrested and locked up.and afterwards taken from the jail and hanged by the citizens. Linn and the Swede will die. The state veterinary of Illinois re ports glanders prevalent in nineteen counties in that state. He claims te have been prevented from killing the an imals afflicted. The attorney contended he could only resort to this measure af ter the governor had issued a proclama tion declaring glanders epidemic. The attorney general is now expected to give an opinion as to the powers of the state veterinary undor the state law. Dr. Mary Walker, having been noti fiedby Pension Commissioner Dudley, acting under the advice of Secretary Teller, that she might consider her place vacant .on the 1st of July, replied by mail that she would still be found at her desk after the date mentioned. She threatened that if Dudley persisted in the attempt to dismiss her, she would next winter invoke the aid of congress on her behalf and bring upon him an in vestigation that would go to the bottom of affairs in the pension office. Thus the matter stands. The Chicago Railway Age of July 12th, publishes the following statistics of rail way building for the first half of the our rent year. These are: construction of 2509 miles of main track, not including switches or sidings, on 1140 lines in 35 states and territories. , During a corres ponding period last year 4990 miles were constructed. The difference is accounted for on the ground that last year was ex traordinary favorable for the early com mencement of work, while the reverse is tine of this year. In 1881 only 2300 miles were laid for the first half of the year. The Age estimates the construc tion for the entire year at 8000 miles. California leads thus far with 200 miles built in 1883, Montana next with 196, New York 193, Pennsylvania 186, Utah 156, Idaho 122, Arizona 120. A conference called together through the efforts of the Merchants' Exohange of St. Louis to consider the most practi cable course to pursue in advocating lm provements for the Mississippi river met recently at the Southern hotel. The conference was composed of delegates appointed by representative commercial leaders of every "important city in the val'ey states. Twenty cities were rep resented, some of them, especially New Orleans, sending a strong delegation. Besides the delegates there were present Charles oster, governor of Ohio; U. S. Senator Miller, of New York; Speaker Heifer and ex-Congressman Townsend, who are there, however, on anotner mission, me oonierence was called to. order by J. C. Ewald, presi dent oi the. Merchants . .Exchange of at Louis. The., convention then effected permanent organization by electing B. Wood, of the New Orleans Cotton Ex change, permanent chairman, and G. L. Wright permanent secretary. How We Die. "The ideal death," said a physician in charge of one of the city hospitals, "waa that of my uncle. He was a hale, hearty man of eighty, a bachelor, wealthy, and surrounded with every comfort in a beautiful home not far from New York. He had traveled la Europe, and was .full of anecdote and memory of his long life. He arose one morning apparently in per fect health. His buoyancy of spirits was noticed. He was singing some of the quaint old Scotch songs of his boyhood. He expected a visit from me, and as he desired to confer with me on a matter of business, he arose from the table after a hasty and partial meal, saying he would drive down to the depot,, not far away, and bring me to the house. He had the servant bring his ponies to the door and refused to let iltiaan go. with him, say ing he preferred to drive himself. He mounted the box and drove off at a smart pace. The old gentleman had not driven more than a few rods from his own house when he was met by a neighbor who no ticed something strange in his appear ance. His horses stopped. The neigh bor dismounted and went to the side of his carriage and spoke to him. The old gentleman did not answer. He sat up right in his seat, holding the reins in his hand. He was dead. He had passed away without a shock of any kind. There was no apparent cause for his death, which was probably occasioned by heart disease." Dr. L. L. Seaman, physician in chief of Charity Hospital, Blackwell's island, took much interest in observing tbe much vaunted death scenes of Sara Bernhart, and when once started on the subject he is apt to give a judgment of the great actress' performances some what different from the general conclu sions of the dramatio critics. Speaking on this subject the other day, Dr. Seaman said that Mile. Bernhardt had seven different ways of dying and all of them were totally unlike anything he had ever seen in a medical practice cov ering many thousands of cases of all kinds of deaths. "Of course I do not hold myself re sponsible for the deaths in my hospital any more that for the births," said Dr. Seaman. "Many patients come in when they are in almost the last moments of life. Many are known to be absolutely beyond the hope of recovery. But my observation convinces me that the dra matists and actors have far over-estimated the pains of death, and especially the possibilities of great mental effort just previous to the moment of final dissolu tion. "It is, in fact, about as difficult to tell when a man dies as to determine when he goes to sleep. Death is gradual , not a sudden process. I am speaking now of death by disease, net of violent death. Possibly in the representation of violent deaths the actors may come somewhere near the truth, but generally their pic tures of death by disease are, to one who knows the truth, simply ridiculous. Dis solution is as painless and nnconscions as birth. The approach to it may be protracted and psinful. There may be long and agonizing scenes resulting from disordered imagination. Death de stroys one organ after another, not all at once. The last organ to yield are the lungs, which show the oppression in the breathing and produce what is termed the death rattle. As soon as the lungs orase to act tee venou blood is not ohanged to red artificial blood, but it is propelled un purified from the heart and thus poisons the body like a narcotic. The energies of the brain are gradually lulled as in the approach of sleep, and unconscious cerebral action produces the murmur of the names of friends, of the recollections of past life, or reference to what ever has passed through the mind. But that there is pain in natural death I have long since ceased to bel eve." A veteran physician, speaking on this subject, recentlv said: Judging of the thoughts of men by their words just previous to death, I should say it often happens that a dying person gives no indication of thought upon a subject that has been the favorite topic of a life time. I have known active business men with important affairs unattended to, who died with words upon their lips that indicated absorption in some inci dent of the moment, generally relating to personal comfort. It was that sort of death that Washington Irving died, saying, "Well, 1 must arrange my pu lows for another weary night; if this oould only end.' Long suffering under the afflictions of a painful disease will serve to divert the mind of the strong est. Even the philosopher Jien Frank lin was forced to say with his last breath, 'A dying man can do nothing easy, it is a very common thing for dying persons to express sympathy with attendants who have been fatigued in attending them. Among them the last words of Sir Walter. Scott were, 'Poor souls, I know you were up all night.' "And yet, where thero has not been protracted suffering, and where the ad ministration ot narcotics has not pro duced a wandering mind, a dying per son will manifest an interest in whatever has been the uppermost thought of his life. Lord Chesterfield is reported to have illustrated his proverbial politeness by requesting that a friend at his bed side should be given a ohair. Very often the last words indicate thoughtful- ness for loved ones, such as the utter ance of Charles II., 'Let not poor Nelly starve,' or of Thomas Jefferson, who said, I resign my soul to God, and my daughter to my country.' it is but nat ural that whatever consciousness is left at the moment of death should be that of affection. I have seen it expressed in a loving look, or a pressure of the hand, often long after the power of speech had gone. "How about the facial expression of dying persons?" "That is often spasmodic. The laugh ing or crying muscles are often excited in the convulsions of death when there are no corresponding feelings. In the same way there are often muscular con tortions of the mouths of infants, who are believed to be smiling, when in fact they are troubled with stomach ache, "H.ave you ever observed the visions and ecstatic delights that are often spo ken of by religious writers "Certainly. They are quite common, and not at all confined to religious per sons. Experienced physicians testify that most persons die in a state of trance. Although they are apparently conscious, they pass away in a state of dreaming. Often they seem to be listening to mu sical sounds. Sometimes they seem : to be beckoned to by angels." "And do you regard such exhibition aafpurely physical?" "Just as much so as any dream. They are controlled by the ordinary thoughts and feelings, the every-day life and ed ucation and imagination of the subject in precisely the stae way as a dream is controlled. Generally a dream is a repro duction of a waking thought. The cu rious jumble of subjects in a dream is the result of absenoe'of volition. There is a suspension of the functions of the median tract of the' brain. The same thing occurs in the mesmeric trance. The suspension may be temporary, and then the person may not only return to consciousness, but remember some of the curious things seen in the vision. Something of the same nature occurs in taking opium. In the earlier stages of opium eating the subject appears to have two mental operations going on at once. One is fantastic and odd, the other normal and regular. In suoh a case one is able to keep up a running comment on the visions' passing before his eyes." "The death of a healthy person is always a very different thing from the death of a diseased person. In cases of acoident, where persons know, that they must die in a very short time, unless the shock has been very great, they preserve their customary trains of thought; they direct their affairs with comparative oom posure." "Have you ever known persons to die in a comical mood?" "There are historio cases. Douglass Jerrold is reported to have said, 'Why torture a dying creature, doctor?' and everybody remembers the dying joke of Robert Burns 'Don't let the awkward Bquad fire over me.' " It must be remembered, however. that what are called the last words of great men, may have been uttered a con siderable time before death either hours or days. Some allowance must be made for the impossibility of procuring testi mony. When the late Dr. Beard died, after having become widely known as an intelligent and educated sceptio, his sis ter proclaimed that he had recanted on his deathbed, and had indicated his hope of heaven by pointing upward, and say ing, 'Higher, higher.' But the attendant who sat beside Dr. Beard, said the words, 'Higher higher had no reference to a future state of existence, but were simply an indication that tbe doctor to be raised on his pillow." N. wished Y. Sun. A Story of Johns Hopkins. A writer in the Baltimore American contradicts the oft-quoted story that the late Johns Hopkins first entered that city a friendless and penniless boy, and quotes the following story of Mr. Hop kins life, given him by that philanthrop ist himself a short time before his death: "When I was a boy," said Mr. Hopkins, my uncle, Urerald T. Hopkins, often came to South river to visit my parents. and noticing I was an active boy on the farm, asked my mother to let me come to Baltimore to live with him, and said that he would bring me np a merchant. At seventeen I came, stayed ia my uncle's store, who was a wholesale grocer and commission merchant, and lived in his family. He was an eminent minister in the Society of Friends, and when I was but nineteen, he was appointed to go out to Ohio to the first yearly meeting to be held at Mount Pleasant. My aunt accompanied him, with three others. They all traveled on horseback, a great part of the way through a wilderness, with no other roads but Indian paths. But they returned, after an absence of several months, in safety. Previous to leaving, my uncle arranged his business affairs, and calling me to him. said: As thee has been faithful to my interests since thee has been with me, I am going to leave everything in thy hands. Here are cheoks which I have signed my name to; there are , up ward of five hundred of them. Thee will deposit the money as it is received, and as thee wants money, thee will fill up the oheoks which I leave with thee. Buy the goods, and do the best thee can.' I felt my responsibility to be very great. But on his return, on looking over his affairs, he was surprised to find I had done muoh better than he had expected. I had increased his business consider ably, and it is with pride and pleasure I look back to that time, and to the great confidence that Uncle Gerard reposed in me. l lived witn my uncie until l was twenty-four years of age, and one day he took me aside and asked me if I would like to go into business for myself. I answered: 'Yes; but, uncle, I have no capital. I have only 800 which I have saved up. He said: 'That will make no difference; I will indorse for thee, and this will give thee good credit, and in a short time thee will make capital ; thee has been faithful to my interests, and I will start thee in business. o, x took a warehouse near his, and with indorse ments and assistance, the first year I sold 200,000 worth of goods, and soon made the capital which my uncle said I would make. I succeeded in business and realized largely, and often think of my early days, and like to talk of them and Uncle Gerard s kindness to me." Uncle Sum's Great Creditors. The treasury has paid the June inter est on United States bonds. The Herald prints a list of some of the largest hold- ers. Air. v anaerDiit neaas tne use witn 37.000.000. A year ago he had 50,000,- 000, but he has disposed of 13,000,000 for some purpose. The next largest owner is Mrs. A. T. Stewart, who has about 30.000,000. As some of them are coupon bonds, the amount of her hold- id g cannot exactly be told. Ten years ago A. T. Stewart had 40,000,000 in bonds, the most of them being sues. Mr. Gould has 13,003,000 iu registered bonds and a large number of coupon bonds, which he keeps to use as collat erals in Wall street, when he needs large sums of money. The California million aire, Mr. Flood, is the next largest Holder. Je has 813,UW,OOU. Then there is an estate in Boston and three or four persons in New York, who have each 10,000,000, and a lady in New York, un married too, nas 55,uuu,wu, and the es tate of Moses Taylor, in New York, has 90,wv,vw, and v. U. Mills, Whitelaw Reid's father-in-law, 4,000,000. On the other side of the water Americrn securi ties are very popular and are preferred to those of other nations, because the rate of interest is higher than that paid Dy any otner great power. The house of the Rothschilds owns' nearly one-onarter of Amerioa's wholo bonded debt, as, in cluding all the bankers of that same they have 400,000,000. Baron Leopold and Sir Nathan Meyer Ve itothschild each own 30.000,000, and the head of the Yienna house has 25,000,000 in his own right. The rea- son,' I have heard, for their putting such extraordinary amounts into American bonds, is that political and social sys tems are every day becoming more and more uncertain in Europe, and, there fore, if a general break-up should ccour in the continent or in England, enough would be left in the securities of the great republic to make them all very comfortable indeed. Lndy Hannah De Rothschild, who married the Earl of Roseberry a year or two ago, brought to her really impoverished husband 20,- UOO.000 in American four-and a-halfs; the Duke of Sutherland 5,000,000, and Sir Thomas Brassey 5,000,000. Cin cinnati Commercial Gazette. Mr. Bancroft at Exeter. Although nearly 1,000 of the 5,000 men who have been prepared for college at Phillips academy were present at the celebration of the centennial anniversary of that institution yesterday, and ad dresses from several of them who have won distinction were heard. Mr. Ban croft, the historian, was easily the most conspicuous of the guests of his Alma Mater, and his brief after dinner speech was the most notable utterance of the day. It is an extraordinary event when a man 83 years of age delivers an address-1 which is recognized by an audience of the highest intelligence as a model in thought and diction, but the day has not yet passed when extraordinary things are to be expected of George Bancroft. He begrn by a most happy reference to the contemporaneous origin ot the na tion on the institution in whose praise he spoke, saying: "Exeter academy came into life simultaneously with her repub lic, and rests on the principle that the freedom of the people and the culture of the. people must flourish together". He paid a tribute of profound respect and " affection to Benjamin Abbot, on whom "heaven bestowed length of days and fixedness of purpose," that "as a ruler of young men who had not his equal" he might lift the institution he found -"languishing in the feebleness of childhood" to "health and beauty," and he recognized the extreme good fortune of Exeter in having as the successor of Abbot, to fill up nearly the whole century, Soule, an almost equally able instructor. Mr. Bancroft was especially felicitous I in his reference to the relation ot phvsi cal and mental culture. "Why should not a scholar have health and the perfect development of his system?" said he. "Remember that Pythagoras was famed among men for lm physical power, and that the very best, most graceful and elo quent writer of prose in any language ever spoken among men, Plato, bore away the prize in the athletic games of Greece. As the wonderful preservation of his own powers of body and mind is to be attributed chiefly to his lifelong, habits of spending a part of each day in the saddle and of devoting much time to the cultivation of flowers with his own hand, his dictum as to athletics and scholarship deserves and will receive the most earnest consideration. N. Y. Mail and Express. How She Punished a Dade. A dude stood iu a pensive attitude near a grocery store, indulging in an early breakfast from the top of his cane, says the Portland Argus, a vacuous smile swept across his unintelligent face. His collar was so high he was obliged to turn his body to look across the street, and his pants o tightly fitting he dare not sit down, although a tired ex pression denoted he was weary. Pres ently a bright-eyed, rosy-cheeked, hand some young lady started from a house opposite and ran across the. street to the store. The dude thought he had a mash, because she happened to cast her eyes toward him to see u sue could make out what he was. lie lifted his hat, smirked and indulged in other ec centricities so common to the dude. The lady paid no attention to him, made her purchases and returned home. Just as she was closing the door she detected the fellow in the act of kissing his hand at her. She laid down her bundle, retraced her steps to the store, procured four eggs, and going up to the dude, said: "You insolent puppy, how dare yon insult a ladv?" Without giving him time to reply, she projected an egg, which struck the chap on the chin. It broke. The next one nestled confidingly on his necktie and the next sought his shirt bosom. The last one found lodgment in his hair. and there were four colored streams tending to -one common oenter. The dude concluded it wasn't his day, and, amid the shouts and leers of tbe by tenders, he slunk away, thoroughly dis gusted. - -. : A Scullion Who Became a Bake. The death is announced of the Duke di Ripalda, the owner of the famous For nesma palace at Rome, the walls o: which arc adorned with some o Raphaels finest frescoes. The Duke was not one of those who can trace back their ancestry to the time of the Cru sades. His beginnings were in fact o; the humblest. He was for a long time a scullion in the kitchen of Marshal Nar vaez, an occupation to which he eventu ally added that of barber-in-ordinary to ms master, in this capacity his good looks and graceful figure attracted the notice of Queen Christina, and she took it into her head to aaopt him as her pro tege. He evidently turned his opportu mties to the best account, for he died millionaire. St. James Gaastte. KE1YS Harvest hands in Maine are said to be scarce, although the wages are 2.50 per day. . "-'., Three of five elephant seals recently placed in the Philadelphia zoological gardens have died. It is said that some persons in Rich mond are paying 4 per 1000 for con federate bonds. Forty-seven liquor dealers in Cinoin nati have paid their Scott law assess ments, aggregating 8,600." A lady of Yicksburg, Miss., has sued the city for 9674.50 damages for rock taken off her property. Dukes, the murderer, left property valued at from 8000 to 12,000, a great deal of it in western lands. The bodies of two ladies were sent to Washington, Pa., from New York for cremation recently. The English sparrows which have col onized Pennsylvania have been doomed by statute to extermination. i A census of Portland, Me., has just been taken, which shows a population of 35,890, an increase of 2000 in three years. The cost of profane expressions uttered in publio in redericksburg, va., is 1.50 each, according to a recent de cision. Lightning from a clear sky killed two cattle dealers at Bay St. Louis and melted the gold and silver coins in their pookets. Alderman Kelly, of Cincinnati, delib erately shot a wag named James Toal for exchanging hats with him at a fire en gine house. Recently George W. Humphreys, of Plymouth, Mass., obtained 10,500 dam ages for injuries received in a collision on the Old Colony railroad. A land sink occurred at the head of Swift creek, in Hamilton county, Flor ida, a few days ago, large pine trees dis appearing below the surface. In Paduch two English sparrows tried to drown each other in a street gutter. The struggle was a long and desperate one, and finally, one got the head of the other under water and kept it there un til life was extinct. A company has been organized in New - Orleans to build a railroad to the jetties. The charter authorizes the company to constrnct warehouses, harbors, piers. wharves, etc., at the junction of the rail way with the sea or river. Five beggars, hailing from Jerusalem, were arrested at Mansheid, June zuth, and were found to have 500 in gold coin, checks for 100 and a registered letter receipt showing that a large sum of money had been sent by them to Jerusalem. A western oourt has decided that a passenger whose money is stolen while he is asleep in the sleeping car is enti tled to recover the amount stolen on the ground that when a company charges for "sleeping facilities" it is bound to protect its sleeping patrons. The awful crack of the murderer's pis tol is still heard in every direction, and especially southward, while the brutal practice "of lynching prisoners before trial, by mobs, who are themselves crim inals of the worst type, seems to be spreading in the West. N. Y. Post. The lard failure in Chicago is due in a measure to the charges of adulteration against the product, and the pork manu facturers must begin to realize that their industry has received a severe blow in having this charge come from a domestic quarter, in addition to the poor standing of American pork abroad. A Yienna Centennial Yienna is intending to celebrate next September its defense agsint the Turks, two hundred years ago, and its rescue by King John Sobieski of Poland. No more useful mode of recalling a remark able event, says the London Times. oould have been devised than the publi cation, undertaken by the director of he Imperial War Archives, of the mili tary operations and armaments. The whole is of a nature to fill an important page in history, and is as picturesque as it should be instructive. Internal agi tations bore as great a part in the crisis o which the Austrian capital nearly suc cumbed as Turkish power. The Empe ror Leopold I had enough of the obsti nacy of his family to excite discontent, and none of tbe family force of charac ter to quell or confront it. Attempts to interfere with national liberties had resulted in a general rising cf the Hun garians. They offered to ally them selves with Turkey, and Mahomet IY ea gerly accepted their terms. Hungary occupied the Austrian troops and opened tne road to Vienna to suu,uuu men, un der the Grand Vizier Kara Mustapha. Leopold fled to Linz, and the me tropolis was formally besieged. Much to its honor, it held out bravely, al though resistance seemed vain. Suoh an army as had been gathered of Austrians, Saxons and Uavanans oould not ven ture to assault the intrenched Otto man camp, and a breach had already been made in the walls. North German dislike to Austrian fanaticism and ag gressiveness combined with the intrigues of Louis XIV to isolate the city. Mate rial suooor was not even hoped for, ex cept from Poland; and at one time Pope Innocent's and the Emperor's supplica tions for Polish intervention seemed doomed to disappointment. Had the French envoy at Cracow succeeded in his mission to corrupt the Polish diet Christendom must have been shamed by the fall of Yienna. Happily his designs were baffled, and Sobieski .was enabled to equip a force of thirty thousand sol diers. -With this addition the army of relief did not exceed seventy thousand. Yet it was sufficient under him, to break in pieces the enormonsTnrkish and Tar tar host before nightfall of September 12th. Although a subsequent campaign wss needed to clear to kingdom of Otto man garrison, Sobietki'a later victories of Parkany and Gran only confirmed the lesson of the 12th of September. The siege of Vienna and its relief on that day represent the conflict between the Cross and Crescent, a high water mark never afterward to be passe 1.