Newspaper Page Text
IS ISSUED 8aturday Mornings, BY THE DOUGLAS COUNTY PUBLISHING CO. On Year J SO .ISO . 1 OO Nik Month Three Hontbn...., ThMA mra tha forma fnr fhnaa nlni iS? The Independent offer fine inducements to ad versers, lerms reasonaDie. J. J ASECULEK PRACTICAL WATCHMAKER. JEWELER, AND OPTICIAN. ALL WORK WARRANTED. Dealer In Watches. Clocks, Jewelry. Spectacles and Eyeglasses, And a Full Line of Cigars, Tobaccos and , Fancy Goods. The only reliable Optometer In town tor the proper adjeutment of Spectacles ; always on band. Depot of the Genuine Brazilian Pebble Spec tacles and Eyeglasses. OFFICE First door south of post office. Rose burg. Oregon. LANGENBERG'S Boot and Shoe Store, nosEBunc ogjv.. On Jackson Street, opposite the Postoffice. Keeps on hand the largest and best assortment of Kaslcm sud Han Francisco Boots and Shoes, Gaiters, Nlippera And everything; in the Boot and Shoe Line and BEII8 CHEAP for CASH. Hoot And Shoes Made to Order Perfect Fit Guaranteed. I use the Best of Leather and Warrant all my wotk. KEPAIUING Neatly Done On Short Notice. I keep always on hand TOYS AND NOTIONS. Musical Instrument and Violin Strinari a Ppe Cislty. I.OL'IS I.AAGKK It HHGY DR. M. W. DAVIS, DENTIST. ROSEBURG, OREGON. OFFICE-OH JACKSOX STREET, Up Staiw, over P. Marks & Co.'s New Store. HAHOFJEY'S SALOON Nearest to the Railroad Depot, Oakland Ja. Mahonoy, Prop'r. Tha finest of wines, liquors and cigars in Doef las county, and tha best in the State kept in proper repair: fartiai traveling on the railroad win find this place vary handy to Tiiit daring the stop . ping of the train at the Oak land Depot. Give me a call. ' J as. MAnONZY. JOHN FRASER, Home Made Furniture, WILBUR, OREGON. Upholstery, Spring Nlattrasses, Etc., V Constantly on hand. PIIRrJITIIRP 1 th stock of rUillillUnL. lnrniture south of Portland And all of my own manufacture. No two Prices to Customers Residents of Douglas county are requested to give me a call before purchasing elsewhere. S- ALL WORK WARRANTED.- DEPOT HOTEL OAKLAKD, - - ORKWOW. Xlicliard Thomas, Prop'r. rpiIlS HOTEL HAS BEEN ESTABLISHED form number ot years, nl has become very popularwitu the traveling public First-class SLEtPINC ACCOMMODATIONS. And the table supplied with the best the market affords. Hotel hi tbe uVpotoflhe Railroad. H. ,C. STANTON, Dealer in J 1 M mm mm aiapie Dry loodsi Keeps constantly on hand a general assort ment of EXTRA FINE GROCERIES, WOOD, WILLOW AND GLASS WART, ALSO Crockery and Cordage A full etock of HCHOOL 15 O O Kg Such as required by the Public County Schools, All kind of STATIONERY, TOYS and FANCY ARTICLES, To suit both Young and Old. BUYS AND SELLS LEGAL TENDERS, furnishes Checks on Portland, and procures Drafts on San Franci.-vo. GEEDS SEEDS ! ALL. HMDS OF BUST QUALITY A L JL OR DI2R 8 Promptly attended to and Goods shipped ' with care. Address, Hacheney & Beno, . Portland. Oregon f - A Kooxville, Tenn., dispatch says : At 1 this morning, a mile east of the city, at the zinc worka, the eastern bound express train, going at full speed, was thrown from the main track by a misplaced switch. The train struck four coal cart on the side track, demolishing them. The engine jumped the track, nd ran into the main building of the works of the Valley Zinc company, tearing away the whole side of the build ing and playing havoc with the ma chinery. The locomotive and tender were turned over, the mail car was torn to pieces and the express car damaged. The damage to the railroad company is $10,000; damage to the zinc company $3000. n"g""ji vol, vm. LITEST NEWS SUMMARY. BY HLA.PU TO DATE. The strike of iron workers in North Staffordshire has ended. The Belgian government will accept the compromise of the proposed tobacco duty. The Bolivian government declares it will not make peace without union with Peru. Frank Hedfort, the French sculptor, has committed suicide in New York recently. At New York, July 21st, a large tene ment house waa destroyed hv fi re. T.oaa Sena'tor Thos. H. Cooper has been se ieoted chairman of the republican state committee of Pennsylvania. Sprague's mansion and estates in Prov- mence were sold at auction recently. auw prices outamea were low. The president has appointed Charles Jb. uardner of California receiver of public moneys at Sacramento. An explosion seriously damaged the xonaers, i. x.j gaslight works, and in jurea several persons July 18th. A recent dispatch from Cairo, Egypt. states that the actual number of deaths from cholera for one day was 600. The match between the American and British rifle teams at Wimbleton, juiy latn, iytn and auth, was won by .1 i j ... me latter, u.ne score stood, Americans, iyub;i$ritisn, iyoi. A special . says that an insane man created a sensation in St. Bernard church, at Syracuse, July 16th, by snatching a book from the priest and forbidding him saying mass. A strict enforcement of quarantine regulations has been ordered at San FraDcisco on all vessels having cleared or touched at ports infected with cholera. 1 m smaiipox ana yellow lever. The Philadelphia produce exchange has agreed to co-operate with the com mercial exchange in urging upon con gress the redemption, retirement or legalization of the trade dollar. The Spanish government has intro duced a bill in the cortez, for credit for a million pesos, to defray the cost of the adoption of all possible measures against the introduction of cholera into Spain. A Marseilles dispatch states that the Prince of Monaco is negotiating with r ranee jor the sale of that principality for 10.000.000 francs, snbiect to the recognition of a gambling concession for twenty-seven years. In the shooting for the Slogan prize at Wimbledon, England, July 16th. five contestants, including Hinman of the American team, and Younsr and Gibbons of the English team, made equal scores its out ot a possible ou. The Brotherhood telegraph operators are still holding out on the strike, and many of their places are being filled by non-union men. The first dispatches re oeived here sinae the beginning Ot the strike, J uly lvnn, was on the 22d. Abont a mile from Shamolrin Pa July 17th, atreight train on the Beading ranroaa was Daaiy wrecked, twelve cars being thrown from the track by striking a cow. Wm. Thomas was killed and James Huffman, brakesman, seriously injured. The town of Bedford, England, is in great excitement over a lawn tennis trag edy. A party, July 17th, were playing lawn tennis, near Ship Inn. at St. Cuthbert's, Centertown. Among the players were Mr. Devere, an army offi cer, and Miss McKay, an exceedingly pretty young lady, 20 years of age. Sud denly, without apparent provocation. De vere pulled out a revolver and shot Miss McKay dead. He then blew out his own brains. Advance dispatchos of the report of the directors of the Oregon and Trans continental declare the holdings of the company of the Northern Pacific and Oregon Bailway and Navigation com pany stocks June 30, to be as follows Northern Pacific, common, 162,792 snares; Northern Pacific preferred. 156. 300 shares; Oregon Baiiway and Navi gation stock, including new stock. 123. 000 shares. It sums up the available income and profits for 1883-84 as fol lows: Balance of profits brought forward from last year, $2,880,895.03; dividends on O. B. & N. stock. $1,190,262.05; estimated dividends on Northern Pacific preferred stocks, $1,210,410: total. $5,287,577.53. A Reading, Pa., dispatch of July 17th sayst Eight boilers for anthracite fur naces, owned by the Philadelphia and Beading Railway Company and oper ated by Wm. Kauffman, exploded early this morning, reducing the iurnace to a mass of ruins. The engine and boiler house was entirely demolished. Frank Waltman, aged 21, of Topton, was in stantly killed. Sol. Waltman, his father, was injured internally and will die. Morris Good was severely scalded by escaping steam. Engineer Marstillars also was badly injured, and a number of other employes were slightly hurt. The force of the explosion shook the earth and aroused people for miles around. The damage to the furnace will amount to many thousands. The telegraph operators employed by the Western Union telegraph, company presented a bill of grievances to the of&cers several days ago, asking for an increase of pay of 25 per cent, on all salaries, and eight hours to constitute a day's work instead of nine, and seven hours a night's work instead of eight, as heretofore, besides asking extra pay for all Sunday work and overtime. The officers of the company refused to ac cede to the demand, so at12 o'clock July 19th, the signal was given at the central office in New York and a general strike was inaugurated all over the coun try among the operators. Many, of the operators belong to a society known as the Telegraphers' brotherhood, which has members in all parts of the country. Tha maioritv nf oneratora not belono1. ing to the brotherhood have joined with them in the strike. No dispatches of any kind can be sent over the western Union wirs until the demands of the strikers are acceded to or their places 1 are filled with new men. ROSEBURG, At Danville, Illinois, July 17th. heavy wind and rain storn seriously uamagea Duiidings, shade trees, etc. At Decatur, Illinois, July 17th, the heaviest wind and rain known for many ,yci pievauea, ana oats ana wheat were ueaien into the ground. At Fort Atkinson.Wisconsin.July 17th. a cyclone struck the north part of the city. wrecKinc npnrlv KM) hn M Damage, $50,000. Several persons were lujureu. Southern Missouri was viif1 hv severe thunder storm July 17th. W. FT Miller's larffa b Anil AlnnorTifai hnnoA at Carthage, was struck , by lightning U w.wi,m w uvu and burned to the ground. Loss. $2000: no insurance. Several stables and bams weie also struck bv lightning and 1a. Bixoyea. At Marshall the atnrm nf -winA taiu was yerv severe. rreea wpto uprooted, fences leveled, and corn ani oats blown flat. At Warrensburg a church was blown over. Considerable stock was killed by lightning, and about seventv-seven Doles and falAnhnna linoo are down. According to a Kansas City trouble is brewing there regarding the Sunday law, as outlined by the Down ing law, passed by the last legislature. On a recent Sunday all the saloons in the city closed, save two. and fch nrn. prietors were arrested and bound over to await the action of the grand jury. At a meeting of the police commissiouers an order Was naasnrl nrrlpri police not only enforce the Downing law, but the Missouri Sunday law as Well. This inclnriAR nil ftnrta nnA ti'nla of business barber shops and drug stores, lemonade and cider stands, and pawn brokers. Drue fttnrA man bit if they cmnot sell goods the same on Sun day as any other day, save liquors, they win not open at all or fill prescriptions. A ; Mavsville. Kt. disnatnh nf .Tnlw V 9 , - - V J 17 - mi. t . . v ii aaya: j.ms aiternoon, as the jury in the Cooper case retired, the Emmet guard escorted Samnel "RnlcAr frnm tha jail to the court house, amid a great crowu oi people in the streets, where he was arraigned for rape. In the court m . . . room the indictment waa read in him His attorneys told him not to 'eriminnfo himself, unless his mind was perfectly clear. He replied that his mind was perfectly clear, that he was guilty, and that he wanted to be hanged legally and not by a mob. and wanted to Kanna ni lif . tie trouble as possible in the trial. A jury was impaneled and he repeated his plea before them, and in ten minutes thev r- turned a verdict of guilt, witLa sen tense of death. Bulger received the ver dict unmoved, and was returned to jail in one hour from the time he waa taken out. A circular was issued Jnlv 18Hi front the office of the third nostmastar cn. eral,1 officially notifying postmasters throughout the United States of the-reduction in postage rates, to taka effect the 1st of October, and direoting them to make preparations for it. Postmaters are notiaed that it is desirable to have small stock of the uresenfc th eent postage stamps and stamped envel opes! as possioie on hand when the re duction goes into effect. Thev nm ac cordingly instructed to limit their req uisitions lor stamps and stamped envel opes of this denomination to sno.h onan- tities as upon careful estimate they may deem sufficient to last until the first of October. It also directs that as no arrangements have been made for the re demption of three cent stamps and en velopes in the hands of the postmaster, or for the exchange by thn Ot these stamps an A enyelonpn in f ho hands of private holders, until further notice postmasters will not mnVA at. changes for the public, nor return to the aepartment stock that remains on their hands after October 1st. Postmasters are, however, notified that, as two and thren cent stamps and envelopes of the pres ent issue will continue to be valid after that date, they must be accepted in payment of postage when offered in proper amount, and that three cent stamps can be used, in combination with other denominations, on letters requiring more than one rate, and on parcels of the third and fourth class. The oirenlar also announces that the department will pe ready to issue two-cent stamps of the new design the 15th of September, but those stamps and envelopes must not be placed on sale or used by postmasters before October 1st; also that no three cent stamps will be issued after Septem ber 14th, unless requisition therefore is accompanied by a statement that they are needed for immediate use, and that the full supply asked for will become ex hausted by October 1st; further that no three cent stamped envelopes will be is sued after the 31st of August, unless the requisition for them is accompanied by a similar statement. The circular in structs postrn asters as to the design for new two cert and four cent stamps and stamped envelopes, and notifies them that the prices of envelopes, exclusive of postage, remain the same as at pres ent; no change will be made in postage due stamps; and that rates on drop let ters will remain the same as at present. Core for Drunkenness. The passage of the .localoption act and the possible enforcement (in the weet by and by) of the Sunday law, ren ders it desirable to devise measures for alleviating the sufferings of those whose opportunity for indulgences may be somewhat abridged, and we take the lead in the good work by reproducing a prescription by which thousands in Eng land,' so it is said have emancipated themselves from slavery to intoxioating liquors. The recipe came into notoriety through the efforts of John Vine Hall, father ef the Rev. Newman Hall and Captain Vine Hall, commander of the Great Eastern steamship. He had fallen into such habitual 'drunkenness that his utmost efforts to regain himself proved unavailing. At last he sought the ad vice of an eminent physician, who gave him a prescription which he followed faithfully for severali months, and at the end of that time he "had lost all desires for liquors, although he had for many years been held a captive by a most de basing appetite. The recipe, which he afterwards published, and by which so many have been assisted to reform, is as man folio" ws: Sulphate of iron, five trains : magnesia, ten grains; peppermint water, eleven grains; spirits of nutmeg, one drachm; to be taken twice a day. Flor ida Times. . . . - OREGON, SATURDAY, EXTRAORDINARY Iu the year 1850, a bill of complaint was prepared before the criminal iudge oi xueux, in x ranee, oy a woman of the name or uertrand de liols, whose cause of grievance was of the following na ture ; She said that she had at an earlv age l'bou xuaxiieu m one martin Guerre wno. alter living with hoi oinn lit .1 . vou years, had deserted her and gone no one Knew wnitner; mas at the end of eight years a man came ! who had so Annti. the features, stature and complexion'oi Martin uuerre thai she had takAn Mm mT t i m m for her true husband, and h1 nr.,n.. T MWk UUO UC3 nentinirlv liver! with him a. onnh I,-, iu. X ' O mf " " - AU1 VUD space of three years, during which she 1 .1 x .L :1 3 I 1 .... uhu two cuuurea uy jiim; mat to Her anrtinoA aha fnnrirf tnK that tlia x - - -- ua Luau waa . Al 1 T- ' not me reai .iu.aruu vjruerre, out one Ar- imnil An Tilh nf Saoriia nnm rvmnl.. 11- a r-ansette. wno uad artiuuv taken th , vantage of his resemblance to her hus band to impose himself on her. and. be sides usurDing the comntral nohtu t Martin Guerre, had obtain oi an the property that belonged to him. In answer to this stranA nfnrv tu - w ' r-' -r uwvuuiUll man said to be Arnaud du Tilh protPHtA that the prosecution was nothing mora than a wicked conspiracy which his wif and relations had hatched to get rid of mm; tnat it ne was not the real Martin Guerre he did not know who he was: that ne had had his name as far back as he could remember; that it was he who had married when a youth the complain ant, Bertrand de Rols, and had lived with her so many years; that not only she had received him on his return with all the warmth of a loving and affection ate wife, but that all the familv nf tho Guerres, and among others, four" sisters. uad instantly and gladly recognized him as their own long-lost Martin Guerre. iue judge made oota parties undergo severe personal examination fir- separately, and then in presence of each other, and the answers cf the man vaw on every point, even in the most minute and private description, such as in all human belief, none but the real Martin Guerre could have given. Witnesses were then examined to the number of nearly one hundred and fifty. Of these, between thirty and forty, in cluding thw four sisters, swore that he was the true Martin Guerre; that they had known him and conversed with him from his infancy; that they were per fectly acquainted with his person, man ner, and tone of voice, and that they were, moreover, convinced of the truth of what they asserted by certain scars and secret marks, which it was impossi ble for time to efface. A great many, on the contrary, swore as positively that he was no other than Arnaud du Tilh, called Panaette, and they had known him as long and been as familiarly acquainted with him as those who pretended that he was Martin Guerre. The rest of the wit nesses declared that there was so strong a resemblance between the two persons in question that it was impossible for them to determine whether the accused was Martin Guerre or Arnaud du Tilh. The iudsre. on weihinsr the whole case, inclined to the belief that the man was not the real Martin Guerre, but Arnaud du Tilh. and condemned him n a wretched impostor to suffer the penalty of death. From this sentence the accused ap pealed to the parliament of Ton Inns a who ordered an inquisition to be taken as to the principal facts in dispute, with this limitation, that none but new wit nesses should be examined. But so far was this ordinance from elicitinc anv J new light, that it served onlv to render the affair still more obscure than it vras before. Of thirty new witnesses ex amined, Pine or ten were positive that he was the true Martin Guerre: seven or eight were as positive that he was Arnaud du Tilh: the rest bavin? waioriiAd1 all circumstances, and beinsr nfrairl nf in. juring their consciences, declared plainly M.1 1 ll 1.1 mat tuey were not aDie to say wno he was. Among the witnesses who negatived most positively hia identity with Martin Guerre was a shoemaker who used to make shoes for Martin. He denogad that Martin's foot reached to the twelfth mark, whereas the foot of the accused reached no further than the ninth mark upon his rule. Another witness swore that Martin Gnerre was dexterous at wrestling, of which this man did not pretend to know anything. But, on the other hand, among those who had formerly sworn that he was the true Martin Guerre, and still nersislrl y iV in their depositions, were the four sis ters of Martin, who were brought up with him, and who all had the reputa tion of being women of cood sense? twn of the brothers-in law of Martin and all the parties who were present at the nup tuals of Martin and Bartrand nA Tinla All, or at least the greater part of these witnesses, agreed that Martin Guerre hail tWO SCars Uniler nis ATAhrnira- that his left eye was bloodshot; the na'il of hu first finger crooked; that he had three warts on his left h and and anntkov on his little finger, and all these peculi arities were to bo found on the accused. Xhe parliament now bee-an to in-line to the part of the thoughts of reversing the judgment of the interior judge, when of a sudden, as if he had dropped out of the clouds, a man calling himself the true Martin Guerre, , but with a wooden leg, ap peared. He said that he had come from Spain, where he had lost his leg in bat tle, and that the person who had as sumed his name had been his companion in arms, and thus doubtless got so well acquainted with all the particulars of his private history. He was interrogated by the court as to the same facta on which the accused had been questioned. ' All his answers were true.yet they were neither so clear, so positive, nor so exact as those given by the aecmsed. He wa a next confronted with the supposed Arnaud, whence lat ter treated him as an impostor as a fel low picked out by his relations to sup port thw character and take away his life. The accused, to make this clearer, asked hiro a number of questions as to Beveral family transactions, and to these he answered faintly and with some con fusion. The court on this directed Ar naud to withdraw, and then put several Questions to the Martin I were new and had never been asked be- '"uu u answers were full and sat isfactory. They then called Arnaud and i ijj. mmm JULY 28. 1883. IMPOSTIIRK. I i:..,7T7 . .. f 4uauunea mm as to the same toinU but, to the great of the court, the were not only as full and satisfactory as tnose of Martin -bnt orfa.j ponded with him. The court, resolvino- o uu win unaccountable obscurity, directed that, now both the nretemiAra K.n . the four SistArn nf rat;n a " husbands of two of th Ta n an uncle, the brothers of Arnaud du Tub, and some of thosA witnDaaaa were most obstinate in insisting that the accused was Martin Gn called in andjbli?ed to nnint nt m .m f a ' wa nuiuu of the two they Bhould now judge to be the true Martin. Accordingly ftn persons appeared. ATint fh h.i.A.n Arnaud du Tilh. The first who drew near the two uorsona cim'tm'nr. a. iuo uniun of Martiu Guerre was th AMMt nf tim sisters, who. after sh a hil innto - w w twvttUU A UVU them for a moment, ran to the Martin with the wooden leg, embraced him.and, having let fall a nhmni r dressed herself to the commissinnAi. in theso words: SfiA. she. "my brother. Martin rtnna t acknowledge the error into which this wretched man (pointing to Arnaudldrew multitude of artifieea ha haa n,.,. persist so long." . f w mi Auncto ug Martin all the time minirlArl h;a . 0"vv svwtax a Wltll tllOSe Of hlfliatAr art A ronaitrol U 9 wvvii j DU UCi embraces with the utmost affection. All the rest knew him as soon as they saw him, and there was not nna n nil ti.o;f. nesses who did not acknowledge that the iivi was now piain, and that Arnaud du Tilh was an impostor. No doubt now remaining as to the guilt of Arnaud, the court condemned him to death and he was executed accord ingly in front of Martin Guerre's house, testifying his sincere repentance for the extraordinary course of imposture in which he had been engaged. The Parsees of India. The Parsees of India are the rlesroni1. ants of the ancient Persian fi shippers." They claim a history back to Abraham. The Zendavesta is their holy book, and the venerated Zoroaster, who flourished B. C. 550, is their great prophet. Driven from Persia, a thou sand years aeo. thev fonnd India. Now there are but 8000 left in their ancient home. Of this strange people there are but about 200,000 in all the world. Of this number 150,000 are in India. Bombay, "the city of the Parsees." has 75.000. making nno tontn of the entire population As you walk theBtreets of Bombay you cannot help noticing these diseinlea nf Zomnota differing as they do from both Moham- .3 3 TT 3 mi Tx LUCUUU9 nuu uiuuoos. iae Jrar3 3e gen tleman is tall and erect, with fair com plexion and dignified air. His Inner white ooat of silk or fine muslin is buttonerl closely from chin to waist, and hangs in a full flowing skirt to the knees. He wears a tall, tapering, aueer looking in describable hat, without a brim, inclin ing backward from the forehead, and looking very much like a sectinn nf a stovepipe. It is apparently of pasteboard, covered witn pro wn silk or muslin. In the top is a hole in which he nnt in" a handkerchief. This hat is one of the badges of his religion .and he must never change it for any other style. The Par see always keeps his head covered .indoors or out, oay or night, asleep or awake. Around his waist he wears a silken cord, which he is to untie when at prayer. No bargain is binding if this cord is left off when the contract is made. These peo ple are among the most intelligent, in fluential, and patriotic in the commun ity. Most of them are merohants and bankers, and as such are honest inlnt. trious and polite, taking the lead in all the commercial enterprises. One-half of the wealth and three-fourths of the busi ness of Bombay is in their hand Thov are often called the Jews of the east. The Parsees have an idolatrous rever- enceforfire. Thev adore it as tha nrin- ciple of life. To extinguish a fire is looked upon as a misfortune, and manv would not put out a fire, even if their bouse was burning. They , keep a lamp ever burning in their houses. In a Parsee temple is a holv room in which is a large vase or censer containing the holy fire. None but the high priest must enter this room or approach near this fire. And when thev co to renleninh it. they must even veil their mouths and nostrils with fine linen cloth, lest their sinful breath pollute the holy -flames as they recite their prayers. The sacred fire is kept burning with costly woods and fragrant oils and spices. It must never be extinguished, day or nirrht from year to year and from age to age. Some years since a mob of lawless Hin doos broke into a Parsee temple in Bom bay and put out the holy fire. This in sult led to a fearful riot. We were told that their great teacher, Zoroaster, first brought the sacred fire from heaven and placed it on their altars, and since then. for two thousand years, amid all their , .. - - - t larger uui. jraruuuiar attention IS changes, persecutions and dispersions, called to this matter of stimulating win they haye never let. it go entirely out. dow plants, from the fact that a theory When they came to Mindpstan a thou- sand years ago they brought the sacred fire with them. The Parsees are sun worshipers as well as fire-worshipers. Morning and evening we have seen them with uplifted hands worship with great solemnity the rising and setting sun. Tha morn intelligent nf them nav thav Ho , V" ii , .- j . not really worship the sun, but adore it an au euiuicui ui uuu uu iuo uvuiun 01 lira We look upon this worship as the least objectionable form of idolatry, for did we not know the ljord trod to be a "Sun and Shield" we might easily think the Run to be a lord and god. Besides the sacred fire, the Parsee worship the moon, stars, water, air, earth and all the elements of nature. But fire' is their greatest object of adoration. The Parsees will not, like the Hindoos, burn their dead, for fire ia too pure to be polluted by the touch of death. They will not, like the rest of mankind, bury in the ground, for earth is the mother of mankind, and they will not define it by a corpse in its bosom. So, with neither cremation nor bnrial, what can they do with the remains of their dead? On Maiabar Hill, the highest ground in the suburbs of Bombay, surrounded by a lofty wall, and carefully guarded,- is the Parsee cemetery or mortuary. Leaving the city wo climbed the hill by a wind ing road leading through a ohai-ming NO. 10. pove of palms, and past beautiful bungalows and villas, with an enchant ing view of city, island, and sea behind us, at length we reached the ftbode of death. Over Hia rnfa i i- o"- tnttjo jc iters We r,?,adi, --"Xone but Parsees can enter here!" For two hundred year, no European has ever set foot within that "closure But a few years since the .uB8 oi y aies unsealed the entrance and now by proper influence travelers can obtain a pass. Thus we were privileged to enter the strange place. Entering the mysterious inclosure, on our right wpr tha i '.i. dead ara brought to be disrobed and anointed with oil. Passing these, we followed our guide up a grand pathway until we were stopped by another sign on which we read 1 he warrwiit notice : Stop herel"We were within fifty yprds wm. mo kuwer now in use. .booking around we counted five great, round stone towers, known as "Towers of Silence." rhese circular structures are built of S od tie S Th re Per"l'-,J' meter from 30 to 60 feet, and are from twenty-five to thirty feet high. The old est one is 200 years old, and is in good Mvpuu. Alley COSC aoout SIOO.OOO ane.A i i m ... : , , uiyut oi steps on the in side leads to the top. On the top are three circles of grooves or open -stone receptacles for the dead, the outer one for mon, the middle one for women, and the inner one for children. In the cen ter of the tower is a eep well or pit reaching from top to below the bottom. Around the outer edge of the tower is a stone paranet. vhieh mVaa - . - i 1 Q.iwa siearai DO ClUSlOn to the dead. At the gate of the cemetery the funer al processions are met by the priest, who take the remains first to the temple.then to the tower. The bodies of the dead are placed in the stone grooves on the top of the tower, and left, with out a particle of clothing.to be devoured by great flocks of hungry vultures and and other carnivorous birds. Within an hour every partiole of flesh is torn from tne skeleton, and the Parsee interment is complete. The naked bones are left to bleach in the sun and wind for a few' days then they .are carefully gath ered rip and thrown into the well in the center of the tower. We entered the cemetery about nine o'olock in the morning. Already three bodies had been placed on the tower, and half a hundred greedy vultures had gorged themselves with human flesh, and were sitting stupid and satiated, lazily waiting for another ghastly meal. The Parsee defends this mode of disposing of the dead on sanitary grounds, especially in large cities, and look with disgust on other customs. But give us the bible method of burial, and the grave for our departed, with the dear old formula: 'Earth to earth, ashes to ashes, dust to dust." Following our Savior into the tomb, we have the glad hope of a glori ous resurrection. Corr. Trov, N. Y. Times. Watering Honse Plants. Nine-tenths of the failures in window gardening can be attributed to improper watering. Either too much or too little in most cases, too much. You cannot water a plant by rule of thumb. We frequently hear: "I cannot understand how it is that my window plants do not grow better.f or I water them every day." This ia probably thejvery cause of their not doing well. Whenever you water a plant always give sufficient to soak the whole mass of soil thoroughly, then do not water again before it shows signs of dryness on the surface. It may not be for two or three days, or even longer, but no matter, do not give water until you are sure of its being in a slightly dry oondition. On the other hand, some plants require water twice a day, especially when the pots are full of roots and the plants are growing vigorously and flowering pro fusely. The leaves of plants must be kept clean and free from dust; those with bright shining surface and of good size may be wiped clean with a sponge or soft cloth. Varieties with smaller leaves can only be cleaned by being showered overhead either with a sprin kler or syringe, and this should be done once or twice a week. Do not let plants stand in water ex cept such as are aquatics. If the water touches the bottom of the pots, a good plan is to have a smaller sauoer, turned upside down for the plants to stand on, within the larger one; or small blocks of hard wood.or any material that will hold the bottom of the pot above the water line; otherwise, remember to always empty the water that drains into the sau cer. . Plants delight in good living, and when the pots become crowded with roots, they should be stimulated; but not until then, unless the plant has been for a long time in the same pot, and it is not practicable to renew the soil or give a mrKcr pot. jrarticuiar attention I A. Tl L - s 11. j is iust now being extensively circnlataS to the effect that plants crown in not do not require any stimulants, or at the most very little. Our experience is that you can take a crop of corn or any other crop from the same soil ten years in succession without applying fertili zers. John Thorpe, before tha N. Y. J6cr. iioua xnorpe, Horticultural Society. An insect exhibition is to be held in Paris this year from July 1st for just three weeks, under the auspices of the Central society of Agriculture and In sectology. It will include (1) useful in sects; (2) their produotsraw and in the first transformations; (3) apparatus and instruments used in the preparation of these products; (4) injurious insects and the various processes for destroying them; (5) everything relating to insect ology, . Struve upholds Dr. Biedent's augges tion that only cream should be used for the earliest nourishment of young chil dren brought up by hand, as the digesti bility of any milk is inversely as the quantity of caseine which remains in the skim-milk. The German government has recently seen the necessity of introducing electric projectors on board the navy for signal searoh and navigation purposes. THE INDEPENDENT has the PINEGT JOD OFFICE IN DOUGLAS COUNTY. CARDS, BILL IIE4JS,'lgAL BLAXK3 V And othjer jrlcUng, including Large arrd Heavy Posters and Showy Hand-Bills. Neatly and expeditiously executed A.T PORTLAND I'ltlCJJSS. Scientific .Votes. H. C. Harvey mentions the case of a cat that has become quite blind from cat aract but is still able to do mousing aad to make journeys from and to home. Beet-root sugar is now admitted to bo quite distinct from cane sugar. Its sweetening power is thirty per cent, lower at least, but its polarizing power is greater. Crude honey has been found to keep far better than the clarified kind, but the addition of about one per cent, of ox alic acid will do no harm to the honey but will improve it. Pasteur has studied tha ites of pigs, which has carried off last year in the valley of the Rhone alone more than 30,000 swine, ; He traces the affection to miorobia. . A Polish newspaper says that a rioh land proprietor who w living in Piotzle has applied to the government for per mission to build a railroad between that T'8''" to baili ' """'J belwwn & a capital nam for a terminus. A writer in the Cosmos Les Mondes proposes to dissolve zinc in dydrochlorio acid, to sell the hydrogen gas for filling balloons, and to Utilize the zinn , - mg as a disinfectant. The article hardly ap pears to be a serious one. This is some of the uses to which the Russians put their soldiers: The Jabinsk Paisi railroad has been constructed by one corps. It is about 120 miles long, has nine bridges, cost the government a little more than $15,000 a mile, and was finished in five months. By the middle of this month the Trans Caspian Krasnovodsk will be finished aa titr ob Arvat. ' To coat iron with zinc a very fine coat ing is made of the powder of the latter metal, which is mixed with oil and sicca tive and applied to the iron by means of an ordinary brush. In many cases one coat will do. Both the effects of air and water are kept away by two coats. A The zinc coating gives the iron a steely ap pearanoe, which does not interfere with subsequent painting. An indorsing ink which does not dry quinaiy on tne pad and is quiokly taken by the paper is thus made: Aniline color in solid form, 16 parts; boiling distilled water, 80 parts; glycerine 7 parts, and syrup 3 parts. The color is dissolved in hot water and the other ingredients are added while water is being agitated. This indorsing ink is said to acquire its good quality from the addition of the syrup. A telegraph line has lately been estab lished between Shanghai-and Tientsin. It is now to be extended to Pekin, as the prejudice has been removed. Telegrams are to be forwarded either in French or in English. Yet there is a strict scru tiny to be kept by two mandarins. The duty of these officials will be to see to it that no messages will pass over the wires by which the state would be endan gered. "There is no more powerful apparatus for the conveyance of disease than a book," says the London Lancet. A list of the maladies most easily conveyed by means of books is given as follows: "Measles, scarlet fever, diphtheria, sore throat, whooping cough, bronchitis and perhaps phthisis." The germof disease "may lie for weeks, months or perhaps years, between the pages of a bound book, to be dislodged at some tinpro pitious moment when the volume chances to be handled by a susceptible person." A new explosive has been invented by M. Turpin; a Parisian chemist. It is said to be very powerful, and unlike nitro-glycerine, dynamite and gun cot ton it has the highly important property of not being affected by conoussion. It is made by the combination of two liquids, which can be transported like ordinary chemicals, and need only be mixed when the explosive is about to be used. It can be employed iu its liquid form or when absorbed by silioious earth. Frost does not affect it. At Cherbourg experiments hava been mAn with this substance nnon ftlatv containing quartz and also nnon nlo cement work, and the report of tha an. gmeers praises it very much. The ebonized wood which lias now come into such extensive use for deeora: live purposes, is pronounced fully eaual and in some respects preferable to the genuine ebony. One of the most satis factory methods of producing a superior article of ebonized wood is to take a fine grained growth of apple, pear or walnut and theu Proceed as follows: Boil in a glazed vessel with water four ounces of 11 mm mi ... gau nuts, one ounce ot logwood chips, half an ounce of vitriol and half an ounce of crvstalized verdicrris: this ta be filtered while warm and the wood brushed a number of times with tha hot solution. Thus stained black, the wool is then coated two or three times being allowed to dry completely after, each coating with a solution of one ounce of iron filings in a quart of good wine vine- gar. tnis Bnouid do prepared not and allowed to cool before using. German Military Practice. The German military papers announce that an exercise in the art of besieging and defending a fortress will be held next autumn at Coblentz. ' The object will be to illustrate by aotual practice all the manoeuvres which might come into operation in the attack or defence of a modern fortress, employing everything, botkjn the way of weapons and material and of tactics, likely to come into use in such operations. A very large number of officers, selected from; the branches that generally take cart on cither sida in sieges, have been already Ordered to pro- -m mm At . m . . ceea to uobientz for this exercise; the majority of them belong to the foot ar tillery and the engineer corps. The ex ercise will extend over fourteen days. and will be under the general direction of Major-General yon Adler. inspector of engineers. The siege operations will be commanded by Colonel llassei, senior nhief lf HirJoinn in tVlA TPT1 ATftl fttaff under Count von Molke; and the defence will be directed by Col von Sobbe, chief of the staff of the Eighth Army Corps. The first of October has been appointed by the Minister of War as the date of oomnenoiug operations.