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. nAS THE FINEST JOB OFFICE IJT DOUGLA8 COUNTY. ' v CARDS, BILL HEADS, LEGAL BLANKS And other printing, including . 9 Large and Heavy Posters and Showy Handbills. Neatly and expeditiously executed AT PORTLAND PHICES, IS ISSUED Saturday Bfornlnga, BY THE DOUGLAS COUNTY PUBLISHING CO. One Year., .$J SO ... ao ... 1 ov M Months., Three joiiilM.... I he are tea term for those paying In advance. 9heJbg!Ktii)K!XT,Qfrmflne inducements to ad vertises, ji ... reasonable. vol. vni. ROSEBURG, OREGON, SATURJDAY, NOVEMBER 3. 1883. NO. 30. THE INDEPENDENT iTlTTTTO Ml, J . J A S EC U L E It PRACTICAL WATCHMAKER. , JEWELERr AND OPTICIAN. ALL WORK WARRANTED. l)aler In Watch. Clacks, Jewelry, K .. And a Fall Lino of Cigars, Tobaccos and Fancy Goods. The only reliable Optometer in town for the proper adjustment of Spectacle ; always on band. Depot of the Genuine Brazilian Pebble Spec- tacles and Eyeglasses. OFFICE First, door south of post office, Row btirg, Oregon. ; . ' Boot aiid Shoe Store, nOBEDUHG, OGN., On Jackson Street, opposite the Postoffice. Keeps on band the largest and best assortment of Kasteris and (Han FraneUco Boots and itiiMi, altera, Hllprera And everything in the Boot and Shoe Line and SELLS CHEAP for CASH. Boots ami Shoes Made to Order Perfect nt guaranteed. I use the Beet of Leather and Warrant all my work. It EI'AIUING Neatly Done On Short Notice. I keep always on hand TOYS ATID NOTIONS. 'Musical Instruments and Violin Strings a Spe- i laity. I.ODIH LAOKHBkKO. DK. M. W. DAVIS, DENTIST, ROSEBURG, OREGON. OFFICE ON JACKSON STREET, Up Stair? , over 8. Marks & Co.'s New Store. IVlAHOfJEY'S 6ALOOW Nearest to the Railroad Depot, Oakland Jus. Mahoney, Prop'r. Tha finest of wines, liquors and cigars in Do laa oountj, and the best .IIIIRI In the State kept in proper repairs Parties traveling on the railroad will find tkJa place yery bandy to visit daring the step ping oi me train at we vaa land Depot Ghra meacall. : . Jab. HAnONEY. a JOHN FRASER, Homo Made Furniture, WILBUR, OREGON. Upholstery, Spiring Mattrasses, Etc., Constantly on hand. FURNITURE. J have trie beat stock, of lurntture south of Portland And all of my own manufacture. . v .- No two Prices to Customers Residents of Douglas county arcrequested to pive ino a call before purcbasing elsewhere. 1ST ALL WORK WARRANTED.-S " DEPOT HOTEL OAKLAND. . - - OUKUOIf. Richard. Thomas, Prop'r. 'PHIS HOTEL HAS. BEEN ESTABLISHED for a number ol years, and has become very popular with the traveling public. First-class SLECPITiC ACCOMMODATIONS. And the table supplied with the best the market affords. 1 1 otel f the oVpot of the Kailroad. H. C. STANTON, Dealer in Staple Dry Coods I Keeps constantly ons hand went of a general assort- EXTRA FINE GROCERIES, WOOD, WILLOW AND GLASSWAttF, ALSO Crockery and Cordage -i v A full stock of h ciibo r.v o o ks Such as required by the Public County Schools, All kind, of STATIONERY, TOYS and FANCY ARTICLES, To suit both Young and Old. UYS .AND SELLS LEGAL TENDERS, -a liiini.sht'a Checks on Portland, and procures Prutts on San Francisco. : ; ' , SEEDS SEEDG ! ALL mm OF BkJST ailALHY Promptly nttenJed to and Goods Bhipoed with care. AlWress,- iiacheney & Jieno, ' - Portland. Oregon , A St. Looia dispatch of October 23d -Bays: Tbe immense medicine factory, packing house and offices of Dr. J. H. McLean, at the corner of Broadway and piddle streets, canght fire a little after 11 o'clock to night, and at midnight are pretty nearly destroyed-. Tlie loss on McLesra'a buildings is $50,000, and may run higher. A large agricultural imple rnent warehouse adjoining" the. rear of McLean's building fronting Collins street, was also destroyed. The burned property on Broadway, south of Mo Lean's, is not considerable; and the loss will be light. LATEST NE1VS SUMMARY. BY TEtEQBAPU TO DATE. The Marquis of Lome and Princess Louise sailed from Quebec for home October 28th. Two carriage factories of Plainville. Conn., valued at $80,000. were swept away by fire Oct. 27th. The business failures during the week ending Oct. 27th, throughout the United States and Canada is 218, against 213 last week. . It is stated the pope will declare the Pantheon a pagan temple if the monu ment to Victor Emanuel is erected in the center, as indicated.- by Kins Hum bert. Clifton A. Terrill, who committed ex tensive pension frauds at Indianapolis, has been pardoned from the penitentiary at Michigan City, Indiana, by President Artunr. Major Nicholas Nolan, of the Third cavalry, died at Holbrook, Arizona, Oct. 25th. He was in command of Fort Apache and had gone to meet his family, who were coming from Texas. Germany and Russia are increasing their forces on the frontiers. - Russian villages are crowded with Cossacks.while German garrisons and fortifications are being strengthened- : AtDurango, Col., October 28th, Abe Schieffer, of the firm of Schieffer &'Co., was accidentiy killed by throwing a sack containing among other things a revol ver, on the floor, which discharged the weapon. The Overland Telephone company has been organized at Cincinnati with a capital of $300,000, the greater portion of which has been taken. Itisrjunder stood to be a branch of a New York com pany, it will use Uaxter instruments. At St. Pan! recently, Dave Steinbach, formerly of Todd & Co., was murdered by a man named Saulley and wife. ' The trouble rose out of an old grudge, and while the men were fighting the "woman drove the tine of a pitchfork into Stein bach a brain. . .Both murderers were ar rested. The Union Pacific railroad has ap pointed George J. Cowan, who has been connected with the company in San Francisco, assistant general - western passenger agent for Oregon, Washington and British Columbia, with headquarters at Portland. Fifty operators in the coal mines of St. Clair county, Illinois, have been in dicted for violating the law requiring scales for weighing coal to be placed in each mine. Between sixty and seventy men lately engaged in the strike at the railroad yards in East St. Louis were also indicted. Owing to. the jaalousy of foreign en -terpiise, the liussian newspapers are fiercely attacking the establishment, by government, of a mixed company of American, French and Russian capital ists with a capital of 25,000.000 roubles, for erection of American grain elevators throughout the empire. Director General S. Burke, of the World's Industrial Cotton Centennial Exposition, to be held in New Orleans, has invited designs for the main build ing, to embrace a million square feet of floor space, and to cost $2tU,U00. Pre miums offered are $1000 for the best plan, $500 for second, and $250 for third. Ihe Salt Lake Herald, Mormon church paper, m a bitter article on liovernor Murray, calls for his removal. As Mur ray is the best governor Utah ever had. the Gentiles and law abiding people will stand by him to a man. His onlj offense is that he wants the laws enforced in Utah as in any others-portion of the United States. - The People's Railway company of America, organized at Indianapolis a few months ago, with an authorized capital or $175,000,000, dividends to be paid stockholders in transportation, began suit against Wilbur F. Storv, proprietor oi the Chicago Times, laving damages at $iH)0,000, for publication of an article in timating that the, company was a fraud In the Utted States circuit court, Jacob Sanger, of Grundy county, Mis souri. obtained a verdict of $6000 against the Western Union Telegraph company Sanger was crossing a railroad track at night, mounted on a mule, and became entangled in the telegraph wires, which had. sagged nearly to the ground. He was thrown from the animal, and claimed $10,000 on account of injuries. R. G. Dun & Co., of the New York mercantile agency, report tbat encourag ing indications as to an improvement in the condition of business are not want ing. The late exchanges show a marked increase in transactions at isauy points, aitnougn tney may be more or less of a speculative character. A belief is cur rent that there is a good deal of money making under existing conditions. A Salt Lake dispatch of October 28th pays: At an early hour this morning the Salt Lake skating pavilion was discov ered to be on fire, and was entirely con sumed. It was a new building and had only been occupied a month. Loss $10, 000; Insurance, $3000. It is supposed to be the wort oi ao incendiary; At noon to day a fire broke out in the stables of the Railroad Exchange hotel, consuming the barn, horsts and two bears, it then extended to the hotel, which was de stroyed with nearly all its furniture. One of the boarders lost $10,000 in gov ernment bonds. JUoss on- hotel and fur niture $10,000; insuranco, $7000. A Chicago dispatch of October 28th says: A passenger train bound north on the Pan .Handle road and an out-going freight on the Micbgan Central collided this morning at Joliet crossing, thirty miles southeast of this city. .Both .en gines were thrown from the track and wrecked, falling upon and setting fire to the flagman's box, into which flag man Peter Collie retreated upon seeing" a collision inevitable, and was burned to death. William Morris of Logans port, engineer of the Pan Handle train, and John Kellogg of Michigan City, head breakn an of the Michigan Central traifu were killed. . Donegan, engineer of the Michigan Central train, was in jured severely, and, crazed by hurts and fright, ran four miles to Dyer. Indiana, where he arrived a lunatic. John Gor man, the Central Michigan fireman, was also huit. JamesMcClatchy, editor of the Sacra mento Bee, died Oct, 25th. The naval advisory board recommend ed construction of seven new naval ves sels. At Greensborough, N. C, over 300 children have died from diphtheria lately. - It is reported German exports to the United States are rapidly decreasing in number and value. McFarland , commissioner -of "the gen eral land office, is gradually reducing the number of land offices as opportu nity arises. William Cleeland, a switchman at the Kansas Pacific yard," Denver, . was crushed to death between two car wheels recently. The Marquis of Lansdowne, the new governor-general, of Canada, arrived at Quebec on 0t. 22d. The oath of office was administered to him by the Marquis of Lorne. . Over 130.000 Americans have regis tered abroad during the season just closed, chiefly made np from the east with a fair proportion from Chicago and the northwest. The New York board of aldermen ask $20,000 for the celebration of the cen tennial of the departure of British troops from New York, and ask the mayor "to proclaim a general holiday. Thirteen of the older and smaller busi ness houses of Miles City, M. T., burned recently. The flames were finally checked by blowing up a building with gun powder. The remainder of the business section had a narrow escape. A recent dispatch from Eagle Pass, Texas, says: The robbed and mutilated remains of two unknown Americans were found on the Mexican side, twenty-five miles from here. The United States consul at Peidras Nigras is investigating the case. i On the farm in Kansas once occupied by the murderous Bender family, J. C. Murphy plowed up a sealed can, con taining $35,000 in greenbacks and . coin. Uther parties are digging up ground in the hope of making similar discover ies. Three children named Ingris, the old est erirl aged 12 years, were drowned in a pond at Eikhorn, Manitoba. The girl was on the pond skating when the ice broke. Two younger brothers tried to save her, and all perished in the pres ence of the mother on the bank. It is represented that the postmaster general, on completion of the investiga tion of the postal telegraph system, will strongly recommend it. Since the re duction of the postage went into eliect the increaso in letters mailed is 17 per oent. and 11 per cent, in circulcrs. The following changes have been ordered in the quartermaster's depart ment of the army: ColoDel J. D. Bing ham is relieved fi-om duty in the depart ment of- the Missouri, and ordered to San Francisco; Major John Gillis is re lieved from duty at Fort Monroe, and ordered to the department of the Missouri. The latest 'nihilist proclamation, now being circulated extensively in St; Pe tersburg, demands that the Czar sum mon representatives of the Russian peo ple, and asks for full amnesty, freedom of the press, freedom oi speech and the right to hold public meetings, as the only means of preventing revolution. Pitiless vengeance is threatended if the demand of the. nihilists is disregarded. The Merchants and Farmers' associa tion, of San Francisco, for the preven tion of railroad extension, have issued a circular in opposition to the loinl circu' lar issued by railroad companies recently, regarding the renewal of special con tracts. The merchants and farmers' cir cular is an appeal to merchants through out the state to give their patronage to the Northern Pacific as a competing line. Commissioner of Pensions Dudley has prepared for District Attorney Corkhill a large amount of documentary evidence collected by agents of the pension office in relation to tne swindling operations of pension claim agents. General Dud ley will detail a special examiner to assist the district attorney in his inves tigation. A number of dishonest pen sion agents have already been suspended from practice before the pension bureau. At the request of Postmaster General Gresham- Attorney-GeneralBrewster has addressed a circular to all district attor neys directing them to cordially" co operate with officers of the postoffice de partment in enforcing section 389 of the revised statutes, which forbids any letter or circular concerning lotteries being carried in the mail. The penalty for violating this act is a fine of not more than $500 nor less than $100. with cost of prosecution. ..... AHopg Kong special says: la view of the recent disturbances in Canton it is proposed to establish a foreign officer near the foreign concessions so as to transact consular business and prevent the necessity of passing through the city. Viceroy Chang Shu Shin says he will make a protest against the removal of accused parties in the Hankow affair on the ground that if foreigners assume the right of trial over their own subjects committing crimes against Chinese, they should have a fair trial and absolute jus tice. A late dispatch says: Matters at the Metlakatlah mission , B. . C, are in a disturbed and dangerous state. The bishop's adherents are few in number, but are armed to the teeth and threaten a bloody -xetaliation if their houses, which they desired to erect on the lines of the village street," are again moved. Their opponents are understood to be prepared for any emergency, and to be determinedly leot on meeting force with force. Immediate nd vigorous action is necessary, rtie dominion government has been troubled too long with this too serious matter. Previous to the ad vent of the bishop, the village of Met lakatlah wasv.the peaceful abode of a tribe of Christianized Indians, who lired in harmony and enjoyed the""fruits of well directed industry. Now it is dis turbed by the acts of a'few Indian's, who led by the bishop are endeavoring to use authority which they do not possess. The situation is becoming day by day more strange and dangerous. Smart Engine Horses. "Look out there; that horse will hurt you! He's mighty quick with his feet." The speaker was a member of Engine Company No. 17,whoso houBe is in Lud low near Broome street, ?and the subject of his warning was a large iron-gray horse standing in his stall, with nose and ears extended, in response to an amicable advance of the reporter left hand "What is the matter with him?" asked the reporter, suddenly Withdrawing the friendly left hand and placing his body under cover of the side df the stall; "Is he vicious?" , . j ; "Oh, no, not visious, but playful, and he is apt to jump at straigers." I "What is his name?" , "Barney.". J " - 1 "Is he an jntelligenVfellow? : JYe8, but nothing like an old bay horse named Martin, which split bis hoof and had to be sent to the hospitali Old Martin could do almost anything but talk. I never saw the like of; him. When the gong would sound a call to fire he would not only jump into his place near the engine pole, as they all soon learn to do, but he would ba the first there, and then he would raise his head up and take the bit between his teeth. At the same time he would paw the air frantically with his right fore leg. But it is a remarkable fact that although he was here ten or eleven years he never hit a man whilei paw ing. A man named Joe, who comes here, used to bring lump sugar in bis pocket for Martin, and he would follow Joe about like a dog and know the minute Joe touched the handle of the door on the outside. Joe med to wear a peculiar looking slouch hat, and it seemed as if the horse would know the' shadow of that hat as soon as it fell on the glass of the door. If Joe passed the stall without noticing him Martin iwould cut up all sorts of capers and raise the biggest kind of a racket to attract his at tention." j In all of the engine-houses there is an putomatic device, by means of a spring regulated by, a wire attached to the sig nal gong, for releasing the halter from the catch in the side of the stall. Old Martin knew that fact so well, that; when ever the gmg began to sound he Iwonld pull so vigorously against "the halter as frequently to prevent the catch from be ing released by its fastening. He also soon learned to unhitch the halter by taking the connecting wire betwejen his teeth, and often on dull days jwould amuse himself by making surreptitious forays in search of water and oats. It finally became necessary to cover the wire with a sheath of tin to prevent him from roaming around the premises at will. Old Martin had also a well de fined sense of humor, as is proved; by the following anecdotes related by his driver: I. j- "He was the most gentle and. docile horse you ever saw, yet he took a perfect delight in frightening strangers!. One day a visitor was standing close in front, of the stall talking to me,: his back turned to the horse. All of a, sudden old Martin reared up and came dbwn on both fore feet with a crash that! nearly made the stranger jumpDut of his skin. " 'My God!' he sung out, fl thought the roof was coming down.' j "One rainy night we went to a fire at Jones' brewerv, on Sixth street. Old Martin was Rtanding close to the side walk and there came along a young chap with an umbrella over his hat. jMartin seized the end of the stick between his teeth and brought the young ijflljow to a sudden standstill. The man looked round as if he thought somebody was taking a liberty with him, and when he found it was only a horse you ought to have seen his astonishment. I thought I would have died. laughing. iHe got out from under the umbrella antl began to strike at old Martin witlvhis fist, say in'? all the time." 'Let ero.' But not a bit would Martin let go. There was a good deal of the bull-dog about him. j "Every other horse that I ever saw was afraid of being hit on the hoad and would throw up his head to avert a blow, but old Martin vou could pound! in tho face until you got tired and hei would never so much as wince. Well, so the young man found out.- Old Martin kept him there until he had all the j fun he wanted and until his hat and ; coat were pretty well soaked with the rainj l "Another great trick of Martin was to catch a passing stranger by the sleeve or tail of his coat and pull until the owner would think he was going to pull it on. Sometimes we would have to beat him to make him let go. Well sir, he (was up to more deviltry than yen would dream of. I have often seen him take the broom out of the hands of the man who was sweeping his stall and go jthrough the motions as if he were sweeping him self. At one time there, was a jman be longing to the company who would take him out into the yard back of the house and hold the broom up at him. Then he would rear up on his hind legs and waltz around as naturally as if he had been trained in a circus. "Well, as you may suppose,-we were all very sorry to lose him. After his foot got better it was thought best not to bring him back here, so he was sent to the upper part of the city where the streets are not paved i He is now with 47 engine in Ninety-second . street, near the Boulevard. He is eighteen years old and still strong and hearty.f As an illustration of the capacity of horses for learning to do jwbat is re nnired of them, it may be mentioned that Old Martin once had a mate named Dan. who likewise acquired i the habit of taking the bit between his teeth and also of unhitching himself at will. It is worthy of note, too, that at engine house No. 17, which is said to be the only one in the city where the bridles, i like the rest of the harness, are suspended over the positions taken by the hors?s in hitching up, the successors of Martin and Dan have' shown ' a disposition to follow their-example in taking the bit voluntarily so far as to hold up their heads and open their mouths to re oeive it., ! Engine 17 has another knowing ani mal, an old gray horse named Binga, who drags the tender. When a signal is received he promptly takes his place un der the tender shafts; tint if he is not immediately hitched up he walks over to the trough "and, takes a drink. Engine 33, located in Great Jones street, had a famous team of roans sev eral years ago, Jack and-" Jim. Jack, poor fellow, was killed on Decoration day, 1880. by being impaled, while run ning to a fire, en the shaft of tender 13. Jim, however, is still , alive and at his post. Jle is twelve years old and a splen did looking animal in every way. Jim is very affeotionately disposed. He will readily shake hands with a visitor, and on invitation will also give him a kiss. He never allows himself to be forgotten at feed time. Regularly at 6 A. M., noon and 5:30 P. M. he gives the signal that he wants his feed by striking the side of the stall with "his forefoot, and keeps up an incessant knocking until his wants are satisfied. The ringing of the gong for 9 fire signal is always preceded by the silvery tinkle of a telephone bell, and whenever it is rung Jim is all atten tion, no matter how savory a morsel of hay he may be chewing at the time. He has an especial fondness for apples, and if anybody enters the house with apples in his pockets he lavishes all his bland ishments on the individual until he suc ceeds in getting an apple. Jim is the pride of enine 33. Engine 14, whose house is on Eigh teenth street, between Broadway and Fifth avenue, has a ladies' horse named Dick. Dick is an immense gray horse. He is fourteen years and has been pull ing Engene 14 for ten years. If a lady enters the house Dick at once begins trying to attract her attention, and if his halter is released he will follow her about, rub his nose against her arm and body and snuff at her pockets. ' Dick ap parently has got a horse's idea of the maxim current among men that to the sweet belong the sweets, for he seems to think that the sole motive a lady -can have in calling to see him is to bring him candy. One evening last spring Mrs, Langtry visited the engine and was almost immediately made the object of Dick's most lavish attentions. He stuck his nose into her pockets and muffs and critically examined every portion of her dress. The lady at first did not under stand these attentions, but when it was explained to her that Dick was searching for candy, she hurried to the nearest confectionery, whither, by the way.Dick fain would have followed her. Presently she returned with a huge bundle of fresh taffy, which Dick fell to devouring with unmistakable delight. The, candy.how ever, stuck to his teeth and the root of his mouth and poor Dick had a sorry time before he finished his morsel. N. Y. World. j The Beer Export Trade. The proportions to which the beef and cattle export . trade of the country has grown since the first shipment of beef to Europe in 1875 can be studied at no place with such advantage as at the North River Stocks Yard, foot of Sixtieth street, nere car loans oi cattle in con stantly arriving trains are daily received to the amount of 12,000 weekly, and this represents nearly one-half of the total amount received from the west. In 1875 the first shipment of dressed beef was made to England, and in the summer of the following year the export of live cattle began. Since then the busi ness has enjoyed a constant and healthy increase, until to day; the weekly ship ments from the United States, both of live cattle and dressed beet, amount to fully 8.000 hoad. Of this rather more than one-half is live cattle, as this class of shipments has the preference during six months of the year, including the summer months, and would have during the entire year were it not from the. high rates of insurance demanded during the rough weather of ; . the fall and winter seasons. The four principal points of shipment are New York, Boston, Philadelphia and Baltimore, and the gradual : increase iu trade and the consequent com petition in prices ! on the other side has compelled the English land holders .to reduce the number of their home cattle. At the present time, ship pers say. the competition is so sharp that there is little profit to anybody. The shipping of fresh beef from this country has had the effect of opening up an ex tensive trade with Australia. New Zea land. Mexico and iiussia, and now im mense quantities of mutton are received in England from Australia and New Zealand. 1 A governing factor ! in the future in crease of our expert-beef trade, and one on which it will largely depend, is the amount of Indian corn raised and the prices it will command. When largo crops of corn are harvested and the price rules low the quantity of cattle feed will experience a proportionate increase, and the quantity shipped j from this country will depend on the prices for which beef can be laid down in Hmgiand. The cattle-producing statea which fur nish the supply for this growing indus try are Texas, the Indian territory, Ari- zona. Colorado and- 11 the far western states. Thence the cattle are moved for ward into the corn growing or feeding states of Missouri, Kansas, Illinois and all the middle states. When fatted and fitted for market, they come east either in dressed Quarters in refrigerator cars or on the hoof, for foreign shipment or for local use. Chicago disputes with St. Louis the honor of being the largest cat tle market of the world. Here the cattle are gathered from all the corn states, and from those two points are brought up and distributed to the four great ship ping points. . j Although trains of cattle are daily re ceived at the stock yards in this city, and are handled as rapidly as they arrive, the regular market days .are Monday, Wed nesday and Friday, j - The large firms who buy for the ex port trade find no difficulty in securing transportation iur iuuir mwit, ny or dressedand one of the Hrgest shippers informed a Graphic representative that there is plenty of room to carry across the ocean every steer. m the country were it necessary. When the animals are shipped alive they are comfortably Quartered in stalls, well fed and cared for during the voyage and generally suf fer little in condition. When shipped in quarters the beef is stored in immense coolers and receive constant attention during the trip. The price of American beef in England ranges from 5 to 12 pence per pound, and is regulated by its condition on arrival. Sheep are also exported, but in much smaller qantities, the great bulk of the receipts being required for home con sumption. This city and Jersey City are the two great sheep marts of the conn try, the supply coming from the south, west and from Caifada. At this time of year New York commands the bulk of the business, the sheep arriving from Canada, northern Ohio and New York state being in prime condition and find ing a ready market. The southern stock is in better marketable condition in the spring, and as Jersey City's supply is derived mainly from that section, her trade at present is somewhat sluggish, N. Y. Graphic. A Crank Collecting Hairpins, "Do you see that young man following the young ladt?" said gentleman to. a reporter, just as night was preparing to drop her dusky mantle down and pin it with a star, last evening. "A masher?" "No, not so bad as that." "What then?" "A crank." "What b eed?" "A very common one just at this tim?. He's a hairpin cnk." "What do you mean?" "Why, simply what I said. It's a new craze that has struck all in a heap. those peculiarly rattle-pated individuals who have been wont to burn the midnight lamp composing a sonnet to my mistress' eyebrow. As the small boy used to gather postage stamps and thi wee girl fill up her button string, so do these ten der hearted youths collect hairpins. They watch the ladies as they pass along the streets, at parties, balls, and in stores on shopping excursions, and when a hairpin works loose and falls to the groundor floor it is quickly picked up, the lady's name discovered if possible, and the hairpin, propeily labeled, there with goes to swell the collection. The bolder of these hairpin collectors will succeed in picking a loose one from a lady's back hair without her knowing it. I was invited the other evening to in spect a collection of these relics of beauty gathered together by a seventh ward young man. He'had nearly 300 of them, and they all bore the names of the charming wearers, -including all the changes of fore and aft on the name Smith, from Arabella to Zola, and from plain Smith to Schmidt and Smyth. One of the pins, my delectable companion in formed me, waf from the head of one of the leading society belles of the city, and cost him $5 to secure it, a rival collector having obtained the precious trophy and sold out to him." "What do they do with them?" The same as the boy did with his post age stamps, or the girl with her button strings keep them to look at and ad mire. The craze has just struck the west. It originated among the dudes of Boston about a year ago, and has just ar rived. In all probapility it will die out in a single season, as it seems too foolish to endure lorfg."- Milwaukee Journal. The Population of Paris. An analysis of the population of Paris just published gives very singular statis tics as to the: inhabitants of the gayest city in Europe. It seems, also, "lor its size, to be the most industrious. The proportion in which the working classes exceed thos who live on their own in comes is the more remarkable as Paris is the recognized center of expenditure and extravagance for all France. There are no cities that hold to the capital the same relative position that Liverpool, Man chester and Birmingham occupy rela tively to London. More than half a mil lion of Parisians are engaged in com merce, trade and banking operations, while of the artisan class there are con siderably more than a million and a quar ter. The liberal professions seem ti oc cupy but a small proportion of the pop ulation. All combined do not amount to 200.000. and in the sub divisions the prominence is quite different to what it would be with us. The great majority are in the public service, which employs more than medicine, law and divinity all combined. I But,after the public service, it is art which gives employment and livelihood to the greatest number of Parisians. Forty-two thousand get their income from -this branch of industry. The doctors come after, but a long way after. Medicine in its branches supports 18,000, the branches, of course, mclud ing chemists and all compounders and venders of medicine. Then comes the law, with its 16,000 votaries, from judge to bailiff. Literature figures very low on the list, for, grouped with science and journalism, its gives emplopment to only 11,000, while all the clergy of all the per suasions amount to but half that number On the whole. Paris would seem to be more industrious, more artistic, less lit erary and less religious than the ordi'- Dary yisitor would suppose Pall Mall Gazette. - Lord Ashburlon and Carlyle. Upward of twenty years ago 1 had a call at my house in Belfast, Ireland, from a young nobleman, with whom I was at J that time intimate, and who has since risen to eminence as a statesman Earl Dufferin who introduced me to his friend Lord Ashburton, who . took me aside and said: "You know that I have lately lost my dear wife, who was a great friend of Mr. Carlyle's and I applied to him to tell me what I should do to have peace and make me what I should be. On my doing so he simply bade me read Wilbelm Meister.' -1 did so, and not finding there anything fitted to improve me I went back to him, asking what lesson ' he meant me to gather from the book, and he said, Read 'Wilhelm Meister' a second time." . Now, I have done so earnestly, but I confess I am unable to find any thing there to meet mv anxiety, and I would like you to explain what Mr. Car- lyle can moan." I told him 1 was not j the man to explain Mr (Jarlyle s mean ing, if indeed he had any meaning that could be defined. I said to him that neither Goethe nor. Carlyle, though men of great literary genius, could supply the balm which his spirit needed. I re marked that Goethe's' work contained much tbat was sensual, and l did my best to point out a better way. I do not know the issue, but I got an eager lis tener. The Manhattan. NEWS NOTES. In 1871 Winnipeg's population was 350; in 1882, 25,000. Neal Dow says S1.300.000.0CO is spent for drink annually. A preventive of typhoid fever is to boil the drinking water. This is a beechnut year in Maine, and the trees are loaded. The Mormons have gained 3000 by immigration this season. The Freshman class at Harvard this year numbers 185 and at Yale 170. , The burning of the exposition building at Pittsburg involved a loss of $1,000, 000. In Cuba it is a common practice for people to eat vipetslflash aearen:ly for blood diseases. " - Lima, has been called the Boston of South America. Probably because of the Lima beans. A company has been organized in London to insure against bicycle and tri cycle accidents. Maine law forbids hunting deer with dogs, and limits the number that one person may shoot. Sixteen hotels in Chicago are assessed at $6,500,000. The theaters of the city are valued at about $800,000. Canada's national debt is in proportion to the population higher than tint of any other country, and it is rapidly growing. Water, during and immediately after a drought, should be regarded with sus picion, unless its source is known to be pure. Certain fastidious citizens of Memphis, Tenn., wish the telegraph and telephone poles to be painted some bright and fash ionable color. Four rare folio editions of Shakes peare, published in the years 1623, 1632, 1664 and 1685 respectively, were sold in New York yesterday for $2900. The postoffice department expect that . the lowering of the letter rate will cause a deficiency of about $3,000,000 during the remaining nine months of the fiscal year. The horse that bore J. Wilkes Booth, the assassin of Lincoln, from the opera house on the night of terrible " deed, is alive and doing well in Westmoreland county, Va. Lack of confidence in the police sys tem of Philadelphia by bankers .and merchants is shown by the fact that banks and large stores have private watchmen. There are in the city nearly 1500 of them. The Pittsburg dispatch hope3 that the use of the natural gas for fuel, and of smoke consumers, will in the course of five to ten years make that city one of the most pleasant places of residence in the country. The Boston Advertiser suggests that, while heretofore the principal reason for closing large libraries in this country early m the evening has been the fear of fire, the introduction of electricity has removed the danger. Gztting in Winter Supplies. It is now the choice season of the year when the man of the house proceeds to get a barrel of apples down the cellar alone. Always says he will neyer do it again, but when the year rolls . around, he forgets his promise and rashly shows ' off his muscle, just the same as he did before. r The man who trets a barrel of armies down cellar is either a professional bar rel Bhover, with sinews like a hotel ten derloin, or else he is a natural profes sional fool. Having divided humanity into two classes, we will now proceed to discuss the professional fool. He gets around behind tne barrel on the cellar stairs, so tbat if anything breaks he will get the benefit. ' Then he asks his wife to stand at the head of the stairs with a light, ostensibly so that he can see, but in reality so uiai ne can show her what a young Hercules he is. The young Hercules and professional fool then carefully sets the chine of the barrel on his largest and most mellow toe. He swears softly to himself, and then gives the barrel a vicious jerk that jams his nose into the head of the barrel and skins the entire front of his legs. This maddens him so that be undertakes to throw the whole barrel over his head into the potato bin. This move is only partially successful, 'and when his wife and two of his neighbors roll the barrel from his remains at the foot of the stairs an awful sight meets their gaze. The young Hercules has his head in the plum lam and his feet mixed up with the pickled peaches. In his laii ne nas knocked off the faucet of the five-gallon coal oil can, and the oil is running into his ear. Most of the apples have rolled out of the barrel and are bathed in kero sene, jverosene gives a ricn arom&uu flavor to fruit, that cannot be successfully imitated. Sometimes in letting a barrel of apples down stairs the stair breaks and lets the man down also, lint that mases .11 . ... .1 no dinerence. xne man axwaya iaus under the barrel, and when it strikes him across the stomach, the low sad sigh that he pours out on the silent air sounds like the remarks of the baby elephant when the trick ule kicked him just be low the thorax, and about due south of the liver pad. ' ALL SORTS. Perhaps President Grevy had better go to aiaaria ana let uio peopia ui mat, city insult him. That would settle the trouble without bloodshed. Graphic. Much interest is felt by bicyclists throughout the country in the coming meeting at New Haven, Conn., on Octo ber 10th. About ouu wheelmen are ex pected to be present. A Vienna cabman has lighted his cab by means of anincandescent lamp. A dynamo attached, to the axle generates mm .- currents when the cab is running, wnica is stored in accumulatorr'and used as re quired. -; Fie officers of the army are at present under charges of various sorts of conduct unbecoming an officer and tt gentleman. It is probable that in each case liquor drinking was the cause of the offenses charged.