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HAS THE FINEST JOB OFFICII IS DOUGLAS COUNTY. CARDS, BILL HEADS, LEGAL BLANKS And other printing, Including Large and Heavy Posters and Showy Hand-Bills,. Neatly snd expeditiously executed AT PORTLAND PRICES. ' IS ISSUED Saturday MornlnKSi BY THE ooufiLAS ''County publishing co. Ob Tr.. tMx Honthi., Tbr Honiits 100 Tbrae are the tersu for those ptylnjr. bi adrsnee. The Irdepkndbnt offer fine inducements to ad vertisers. , Tenas reasonable. ........... VOIi VHtf ROSEBURG, OREGON SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 10. 1883. NO. 31. THE INDEPENDENT Tl y fQ J. allaalliK issssaO ifiipppiiiFfT JaJSL J , saw' r3S:J. JA8ICULEEC .. ..... , PaACT1CAL WATCHMAKER, . JEWELER, - OPTICIAN. ALL WORjTwARRANTED, AND Dealer In Wfttehcs). Clicks, Jewelry, Spectacles d Eyeglasses, And a Fall Line of j Cigars, Tobaccos and' Fancy Goods. Tbe only reliable Optometer in town tor tbe proper adjiutment of Spectacle ; always on hand. Depot of the' Genuine Brazilian Pebble Spec tacles and Eyeglasses. f OFFICE First -door south of post office, Rose bnnr. Oregon. i , LA1?G1?BEXIG'S Boot and Shoe Store, ROBEUUllG, OGN., On Jackson Street, oonoeito the Postoffice. Keens on hand the largest and best assortment of Eastern and Kan Franeiseo Foots ana Gaiters, Slippers ! And everything; in the Boot and Shoe Line and SEIXG CHEAP for CASH. Boots and Shoes Made to Order Perfect Fit Guaranteed. I use the Best of Leather and Warrant all my work. XISIPAIUING Neatly Done ? On Short Notice. I keep always on hand TOYS AT7D NOXIOUS. awMusIcal Instrument asd Violin Strings a Spe cialty. I.Ol'lN LAACilCAHiBO. DR. .M. W. DAVIS, DENTIST, ROSEBURG, OREGON. OFFICE-ON JACKSOS 8TRKET. Up StalrF, oyer 8. Harks A Co.'s New Store. HAHOrJEY'S SALOON Nearest to the Railroad Depot, Oakland Jas. 3VTa, fioney, Prop'r. The finest of wines, liquor and cigars in Dowj las county, and the best BILLIARD in the Btate kept fat proper repair: f&rUes traveling on the railroad win find tab place very handy to nut aunng ut step ping of the train at the Oak land Depot. Give me aeaU. Jab. isAiiOKEY. a ' JOHN FRASER, Home Made Furniture, WILBUR, OREGON. Upholstery, Spring Mattrasses, Etc., Constantly on hand. CIIDI1ITIIBC X have the best stock ol rUll If I I UnH. lurniture south of Portland And all of my own manufacture. No two Prices to Customers Residents of Douglas county are requested to give me a call before purchasing elsewhere. tsr ALL WORKWAKRANTED.-" DEPOT HOTEL- OAKLAND, - OREGON. Richard Thomas, Prop'r. THIS HOTEL HAS BEEN ESTABLISHED for a number oi years, and has become Tery popnlarwith the traveling public. First-class 8LEKPINC ACCOMMODATIONS. And the table supplied with the best the market affords. Hotel at the depot of the Railroad. H. G. STANTON, Dealer in ! Staple Dry Coods I Keeps constantly on hand a general assort ment of, EXTRA FINE GROCERIES, WOOD, WILLOW AND GLASSWARF, ALSO Crockery and Cordage A full stock of SCHOOL BOO ItS Such as required by the Public County Schools, All kind, of STATIONERY, TOYS and FANCY ARTICLES, To suit both Young and Old. BUYS AND SELLS XEGAL' TENDERS, furnishes Checks on Portland, and procures Drafts on San r raneiseo. JiFTf? HA T-a lAPPrifi f mm mm mm m w sbbb mm mm sar ALL KIKM OF MM QUALITY jV JL 1. OX DER8 1 romptly attended to and Goods shipned . witn care. Address, Hacheney & Beno, Portland. Oregon. Herman Haupt. general manager of the Northern Pacific, resigned Nov. 1st. A Cincinnati dispatch of Nov. 1st eavs: A frame house occupied by Bev era! families in Cumminsville, a suburb of this City, caught fire last night. The occupants rushed to the street, and one of them, an aged woman named Mary "Welsh, discovering that her grandson, 9 Tears old. had been left in the burning building, ran up stairs to the room where the child was lying asleep, and fell in sensible beside the bed npon which the little one lay already suffocated. Before the bodies could be recovered both were badly charred. LATEST NEWS SUMMARY. BY .TKLEGBAPH TO BATS. Four young men of Erie, Pa., were drowned on the lake Oct. 31st. There was a killing frost, with ice, throughout Western Tennessee Nov. 1st. The Earl of Cork and his son, Viscount Dongannon, are- in this country and in tend visiting the Pacific coast. It is estimated by the commissioner of pensions that 840,000,000 will be re quired for tbe payment of pensions the next fiscal year." ' ' -l .""'V The lord mayor of Dublin was attack-? ed on the streets Nov. 1st by a mob of Orangemen; In the riot one man was seriously injured and others slightly. John S. Gray, ex-secretary of the har bor commissioners iff San Francisco, was convicted on oharge of embezzlement of $7000. The jury was out seven minutes. General Sherman resigned his posi tion as commander of the army Nov. 1st, and retires to private life. Lieutenant General Sheridan succeeds Sherman in command. The amount disbursed by army pen sion agents the last fiscal year was $59,- 906,501. The total amount of "arrears of pensions disbursed by agents during the year, was $79,811. At Savannah, Ga.Nov. 1st, the Canton warehouse and a large number of build ings were wiped out by the fire. Twelve lives were lost. The property destroyed was valued at $1,000,000. Pike's peak has been surveyed for the narrow gauge railway from Manitou to the summit, thirty miles, and work is to be commenced at once. The maximum grade is to be 300 feet to the mile. President Yillard having offered to take the first car gratuitously over the Northern Pacific roa 1, the fish commis sioners will send out 30,000 carp for dis tribution in the northwest, from Wiscon sin to Oregon. Governor Cleveland, of New Tork,has issued a proclamation, calling upon all district attorneys within the state, and all sheriffs and peace officers, and others having in charge execution of the laws, to exercise their utmost diligence in the discovery and punishment of violations of the bribery acts. Lieutenant Gray don. United States navy, who was sent out by the govern ment te chart San Francisco harbor,with a view of fortifying it against attack.says that it can be rendered impregnable at a cost of $600,000. His proposition is to use torpedoes and dynamite boats, pro pelled by the principle used on cable street car roads. A New York dispatch of Nov. 1st Bays: A DUiiamg at JCirBt avenue ana Nineteenth street, which the workmen are tearing down, fell to-day while a number of children were gathering kindling wood. John Laws, aged 11, and Eliza J. Barnes, aged 9, were killed, and Louis Lacomb, aged 8 years, was fatally injured. A carpenter named "Mike" was severely hurt. At Ketfer & Wiefle's tannery in Upper Allegheny city, Pa., recently, two men sacrificed their lives in an unsuccessful attempt to save their fellow workmen. The firm had been digging a well, to be used as a vat, and Christian Dickenson, an employe, went down to measure the depth, when he was over come by foul air. Ferdinand Schroeder and Charles Sohnltz were working near by and heard his cries, and descending in turn were both suffocated. At Denver, recently, an unusually im portant case was decided by Judge Mc- Crary. of the United States circuit court. The United States brought suit to can cel sixty-one patents to lands held by the Uoiorauo uoai ana iron company auu others in Los Animas county. The patents were obtained through the pre emption law between the years 1870 and 1074, and were issued from tne puoiic land office. It was afterward found that the patents were irregularly obtained, and that the patentees were fictitious persons. Testimony was introduced to show that the register and receiver of the land office were parties to the fraud. Defense claimed that the deeds were good, granting they were fraudulently obtained. The judge held adversely, and rendered a decision in favor of com plainants, which cancels the title to 2560 acres of valuable lands. A Glasgow dispatch of Nov. 3d says: The upholstery warehouse of Wiley & Lochhead, and buildings adjoining, were destroyed by fire to-night. The loss by fire is $2,000,000. Several lives were lost. The warehouses were burned within to a shell before the flames found a vent, and then the enormous structure sudden ly became an immense lake of fire. The flames for a while reaobed out and com pletely covered the large building occu pied by the Herald, ana set nre to an the large warehouses on the other side of that strueture, both those fronting on Buchanan street and those fronting on Mitchell street, which run parallel. One dead body has already been recovered from tbe ruins, and thirteen persons seriously injured and burned have been taken from the burned buildings to hos pitals. The loss of life may be large, as many people unaccounted for are known to have slept in the destroyed Duiiamgs. A Danville dispatch of Nov. 3d says In a conflict between a crowd of white and oolored people this evening, W. Hol land was shot in the head, and, it is sup posed, mortally wounded. Thomas Sew ard was shot through the body, and five nesrroes were killed. It is supposed that many were wounded. The beginning of the conflict was the beating by one of tbe citizens of a negro, who abused another neorro. He would not apoloeize for his apparent rudeness, and spoke roughly about the citizens. All stores were closed immediately and the alarm bell sounded, and the people came out with arms. The town sergeant came out soon after with one of the military companies and commanded the people, in the name of the commonwealth, to go home, and the streets were soon cleared. The city is now under supervision of one of the military companies and mounted police, and the town sergeant, in response ta a message of the governor offering assist ance, if needed, telegraphed that all was aniet abd no further tronble was appre - ' bended. The coinage ef the United States mint in October was $1,359,014, 1 of which $1,050,050 were silver dollars. Business failures throughout the United States and Canada for the week ending November 3d number 215. The reduction of the public debt dur ing October was $10,104,798: decrease of the public debt since June 40,1883, $39,584,470. Recently an express from Liverpool to London, while running at the rate of fifty miles an hour, collided with an empty car. Two persons were killed and many were injured. 5 . ; The prime minister of Spain replying j to an address 01 the anti -slavery society. said that the government had decided to abolish stocks and fetters for slaves in Cuba, and would do all possible towards, the destruction of the patronage of slave holders. The Post and Tribune and the Free Press, two morning dailies of Detroit, announce a reduction in the price from $10 a year to $7, and from five cents a single copy to three cents. No reduction is made in the size or the amount of reading matter. Delegate Singiser of Idaho says in the course of four years the territory will apply for admission into the union. Mormonism is the great drawback there. Its increasing strength is al ready menacing the best interests of the territory and harsh measures should be employed to check them. The steamer Holyhead came in collision with the German ship Alham bra, bound from Liverpool to New York, when twenty-five miles off Holyhead. Both vessels sank. Thirteen of the Alhambra's crew and Holyhead's were drowned. The remainder were picked up and landed at Holyhead. At London, Oct. 30th, as a passenger train was passing through a tunnel a heavy explosion occurred, wrecking the two rear coaches and injuring about 40 persons. Upon investigation it was dis covered that the accident was due to ex plosives put on the track, and is sup posed to be the work of Fenians. Alexander Forbes, of San Rafael, and of Forbes Bros., of San Francisco, died Oct. 28, at his private residence near San Rafael, after a short illness. Deceased has been identified with Marin county for 27 years, and owned a large section of the entire county, his fortune being estimated at from three to four millions. A Cincinnati dispatch of October 20th. says: j Fourteen persons in different families, living in the western part of the city, have been attacked with symp toms of poisoning. One child died to day, aod a number of others are serious ly ill. It is thought poison was admin istered in some way through food bought at a grocery. A Chicago dipatch of October 28th says: George M. Wright and W. H. Weed, of the United States geological survey, returned to-day from spending the summer in the Yellowstone park gathering material for a' geological and topographical map of that park. They also had a special eye to the character and origin of the geysers. They express themselves surprised at the few evi dences of recent volcanio action. They found 500 geysers and 5000 hot springs within the limits of the park. They have many instantaneous photographs and a large collection of specimens, including petrifactions of interest for the National museum. The commss3ioner of the general land office, Hon. N. C. McFarland, in his an nual report, states that the disposed of public laud during the year embraced 19,073,789 acres, and Indian lands 399, 235 acres, an increase over 1882 of about five million acres. Receipts, from all sources in connection with the disposal of public lands were $11,088,479, and from the sales of Indian lands $625,404. Total. $11,713,883. Public lands were disposed of as follows: Public sales, 273, 069 acres; private entries, 2,179,955 acres: pre-emption entries, 2,285,710 acres; mineral entries, 31,520; home stead entries. 8.171.914: timber culture entries, 3,110,930; entries with military bounty land warrants, 45,414 acres; en tries with land claim scrip, 10,508 acres. Total number of entries and filings posted during the year, 251,685, aggre gating 30.000.000 acres. The increase in the number of claims recorded in 1883 was 55,548 over the year 1882. The general superintendent of the railway mail service has issued the fol lowing order: All lines east of the Mis sissippi river will send mail for Oregon, Washington territory, Alaska and British Columbia via St. Paul and the Northern Pacific railway. Division superintend ents will issue special instructions to lines west of the Mississippi river and east of the Rocky mountains, so that mail will go via the Union Pacific or Northern Pacific railways, selecting the line that makes the best time. Lines in Oregon and Washington territory will send mail for points east of the Missi ssippi river via the Northern Pacific rail way and St. Paul. Tne superintendent of the eighth division of the railway mail aervice will issue instructions to divert at Blackfoot Junction mail for lines west of the Mississippi river and east of the Rocky mountains that will make better time via the Utah Northern division of tke Union Pacific railway. Superintendent Thompson of the rail way mall service nas submitted his an nual report, from which the following figures are obtained: Number of rail way postoffices in 1883 was 993, an in crease of twenty-four over 1882. The number of miles of route for which rail roads were paid was 109,827, an increase of 9264 over 1882; number of miles of railroad traveled by clerks 86,180,430.an increase of 10,433,982; number of pieces mail matter bandied, 3,981,586,280; in 1 AAA . crease i,4ay,yza over preceding year, The superintendent asks an increase of $318,000 in the appropriation for railway postal olerks, and $50,C00 increase for postal cars. He recommends that the postmaster general be authorized to pay the widow or the guardian of minor chil dren of railway postal clerks killed in the tervico a sum equal to one year's sal ary of the grade held at the time of his death, and to grant leave of absence with pay to clerks injured in railroad ac cidents nntil recovery, time not exceed' ing one year. LOST HIS PLACE. "I'm very sorry, Mrs. Allison, but we can't take him back." The superintend ent spoke kindly but firmly. "If it were his first offense, we 'i might let it pass; dug ne nas given -us mis iron Die too often, and we shall now put a quieter man in his place." "But it was the drink, Mr. Grant only the drink r urged the poor woman. ' . . "There isn't a more peaceable or kind- hearted man in all the shop than Jimmy, when he lets drink alone. And you will give him credit for being a good work man?" ;-vr ' "No better workman in the establish ment, but the drink he can't stand any longer. That spoileverything." "You U give him another trial?, Say yes, Mr. lirantr pleaded tne unhappy wife. But Mr. Grant said: "No, Mrs. Alli son ; I'm very sorry, but this thing is set tled. Your husband must get work some where else. We can't have him here any longer." "Oh, Mr. Grant," cried tne wretched woman, her voioe raising to a passionate appeal, "just think of his poor mother! It will break her heart. "Ho should have thought of his poor old mother, Mrs. Allison," returned Mr. Grant, with a coldness in his manner that he did not feel. "We cannot take these things into account." It was all in vain. Mrs. Allison could not move the superintendent, and she left his office weeping. "It is a hard case, said Grant, speak ing in a troubled voice, "uuc we can t have Jimmy Allison in the shop any longer. He will take his glass, and when he gets too much, he grows quar relsome. There's no better workman, and no better man to be found, if he'd leave off tippling. But for drink he'd be our foreman to-day, instead of a cast- off. His example is bad and we must remove it. He leads others astray." He'll go to ruin, I'm afraid, said the bookkeeper. "Perhaps not. When 1 pay him off, I shall talk to him, kindly and seriously. I shall do no more. , "What?" j j "Give him six months' probation." "Where and how?" "I'm thinking -it out. Can't see it clear, but it will come to me. Where there s a will there s a way. His poor old mother. That touches me. Ah, the poor old mothers! If young men would but think of them as they should, there would be fewer heartaches at old age." Mr. Grant had a harder trial still. In her sorrow and despair old Mrs. Allison came to the office to plead for her son. He was very kind to her and tried to make her see that her son'sjoss of his place might really be the best thing that ever happened to him.. But this was impossible. She saw nothing but evil in his going away. Poor old lady! At seventy, instead of comfort in her latest born, best beloved and only surviving child her boy, she yet called him fondly, tnougn ne was eight and twenty she had heart-aching wretchedness. "Oh, Jimmyl My poor boy, Jimmy!" wailed the mother, on coming back from the office, where she had so vainly striv en to change the superintendent's pur pose; and putting her arms about the stalwart man, she sobbed and moaned piteously that he also was moved to tears. But there was no help for them. The shops were closed to Jimmy Allison, and a week afterward he left home to seek for work in a town fifty miles away, where he had an acquaintance in a roll ing mill. Upon the sorrow and grief that fell like a shadow on tbe bcarts of his wife and mother at the moment of parting streamed in a ray of hope. "I ve taken my last glass, mother I My last glass, Jenny ! And it will all oome out right. I'll be sure to get work in S , and then I'll send for you and we'll be happy again." H Mr. Grant was standing at the window at his office looking out. , "There goes Jimmy Allison to the sta tion," he said, turning to the book keeper. "Poor fellow! I hope the les son will bo good for him. But I'm afraid." While Mr. Grant was speaking, he saw Allison stop and stand irresolute for some moments, and then turn an 1 walk quickly toward the office, f "We are to have a parting word a curse or a blessing, added Mr. Lrrant, in a changed voice. And the office door opened, and Jimmy Allison came in. He did not speaa at nrst, out drew a paper from bis pocket, which he opened and handed to the superintendent. uni a pledger said Mr. want m a tone of surprise. "Yes, sir; and what is more, l m going to keep it," replied Allison, in a firm but subdued voice. "Stick to that, my man, and all will be well," said the superintendent. "And let me say this to you in parting: if ou had let beer and whisky alone, you might have had a foreman's place here long-ago. Nothing has kept you back but drink. For your own sake, and es pecially for your wife's and good old mother s sake, let it alone." "1 11 do it. sir. xou may count on that. Good-bye, Mr. Grant," and the man held out his hand, his face working with the struggle of feelings he could not repress. "Good-bye Jimmy," returned the su perintendent as he took the man's hand "Think of me as a friend, it goes nara with me as well as with you. But you left us no alternative. Good-bye! And if all goes right let me hear from you Jimmy Allison had no voice to reply. Turning away in silence he left the of fice. "I don't see how you can have the heart to do it," said the bookkeeper as the man had gone. 'He's taken the ? ledge, and it's my opinion he'll keep it. 7hj not give him a chance? I can't get the poor, old, sorrowful lace ot ms mother out of my thoughts for a moment; it hannts me like a ghost, j Mr. Grant did not reply and the book keeper turned to his desk and resumed his work. A little afterward, tne wnistie of the con-ing train was heard; a few minutes later, and Jimmy Allison was borne away from home, wife and mother on the swift wings of steam, a sadder and wiser man. The day had worn on drearily to the miserable wife and mother of Allison, the pleasant June sunshine unfelt until the sun had reached the tops of the western mountains, for the shadow of great trouble rested on the little house hold. Suddenly the wild scream of the locomotive cut the air, and went eshoing among the hills; and soon after the down coming train dropped a few passengers at the station, and then went thundering on its impetuous course. "Mrs. Allison," said a boy who rushed into the room where the two women sat in their helpless, half despair, "here is a letter from Mr. Grant, and he says read it right away." The startled wife opened, with hands that shook nervously, the folded paper and read: "We've telegraphed Jimmy to come back look out for him by : the down train." A wild cry of joy broke from the lips of Jenny Allison; "Oh, mother, mother! they've sent for him to come back, and there he is now!" Springing up and bounding through the door half crazed with joy, she ran through the little garden.and flung her self, laughing and crj ing, all . at once, into the arms of her husband. "We've had a narrow escape, Jimmy, my son," said old Mrs. Allison, after they were all quieted down. "It hurt me away down here, my son," and she laid her hand over her breast "hurt me more, may be.than you will ever know." "Oh, don't say that, mother. But you shall never be hurt again," answered Jimmy, catching his breath with some thing like a sob. "Never, never, never! I've takon the pledge, you know, and when Jimmy Allison puts his name to anything, it's got to stand. The Alli son'sdon't go baok on their word of honor." "I'll trust you, my boy," was the mother's confident reply as the sunshine of gladness fell over her aged face. AH this happened inst one year ago. And has Jimmy Allison kept true to his pledge? More than true ; for besides holding true to his own integrity, he has induced a dozen other workmen to follow his example, and is now organizing a temperance society in the shop, where he already holds the position of foreman. Cat Skins Yery "Toney". A dirty faced boy, with his trousers held up by one suspended tied with a string, sneaked up an alley in DeGraw street, Brooklyn, Saturday afternoon. In bis right hand he carried half a brick and in his left the hickory handle of a broom. Glancing up and down the street, after the manner of a dime novel Indian scout, the lad disappeared in the alley, emerging in a few minutes with the dead body of a large yellow cat, which he carried in the hand that had a moment before held the brick. Slinging the feline across his shoulder with a piece of twine, the boy kicked a boulder oose from its bed m the street, and marching up half a block to Court street, plunged into another alley. In ten minutes he came out swinging a little white kitten by the tail. A cruel gash in the soft, white head showed where the boulder had done its deadly work. With the expert fingers of a trained hunter, the youth proceeded to add his prize to the string holding his other game, and while engaged in this work, a reporter cut off his escape and demanded the ad's authority for this war of extermi nation against cats. For a long time the young hunter sul lenly refused to speak a word, and only after persuasion had given place to threats would he consent to say, dog gedly : "1 m going to sell em. "Sell them? What are they used for?" "Dunno." "Who buys them from you ?' "A man," was all tbe satisfaction that could be gathered. He positively de clared that all he knew concerning tbe disposition of the cats was that a man came for them in a wagon once a week. He said that he lived in Harlem, and in common with a number of other boys had been promised good pay for all the house-cats he furnished. His practice was tojtake the animals home, skin them very carefully from the neck down, and preserve the head and tne far. a or these the man in the wagon paid at the rate of three cents for common yellow and black cats, four cents for large kit (ens of the same variety, and from five to seven cents for Maltese, spotted and the finer breeds. The boy thought the fur was used for muffs, but did not know. He could not tell what disposition was made of the kitten s heads. "When did you go into the cat-killing business as a regular occupation was ventured. "About a month or six weeks ago." "And how many have you sold in that time?" ' "I guess about 300. I usually gets about three in the afternoon and five or six at night. Nights is the bist time for cats," he explained with the air of an ex pert. "niKhts and Sundays." "Do you get most of them in Brook- lvn?" "You see so many of the boys was a working the same racket in New York that game got very scarce there, especial ly up in Harlem. 1 o me ana my part ner heard there was lots of cats here and so we come. The first night we killed 'leven. and we had to carry 'em home in a basket." and the little fellow grinned as he recalled the rich haul. He thought there were at least fifty boys en erased in the crusade against the fe line race. The man employing them was very careful j in directing how the animals should be skinned and the skin salted and dried on a board. A slip of the knife usually made tbe skin worth less and the labor of tbe nunter was wasted. Different methods were era ployed by different boys in catchiDg cats, but the Brooklyn lad found a stout broom handle and a piece of -brick the most effective weapons. He discoursed learnedly of the tenacity of life in the kitten, and thought tbey remained up all night in order to find time to live out the nine lives with which he had been told thev were endowed. ' A.tonr among milliners in Fourteenth street revealed the fact that kittens' beads were becoming more and more popular as decorations for hats. A blue, soft-felt hat was shown in one store,hav ing a bow of blue velvet and satin on the side, upon which is placed a bird with open wings. From under the bow peeps out the white fur of a kitten's head. This was, however, an imported hat. Other hats were exhibited with cats' heads on top, on the sides, and the staring eyes glared directly in front of one of the most stylish bonnets shown. A pretty saleswoman explained, as she smoothed the soft fur of the kitten against her softer cheek, that "the de mand for the dear little pussies' heads is growing every day. Three months ago," she continued, "we did not have ono in the store, and now I suppose we sell ten or twelve a day. They are furnished by the firm 01 whom we buy our cloaks." Among fur manufacturers there was little hesitancy in telling of the various uses for; cats fur. Some of the exclu sively importing houses visited declared that tLey handled no garments contain ing pelts of the common house-cat. Among the domestic fur dealers the cats' fur was held in high commercial regard. It was found to wear well, and while the dealers were outspoken and admitted without attempt at concealment that the fur was that of the ordinary house-cat, yet theyj did not bring that fact promi nently forward. "You see," said a member of one of the largest fur firms in Broadway, "there is no use in telling our customer that the garment he is about to purchase ever had any connection with a kitten or a back-fence cat. We call it mink or otter or something of that kind and it sells better. Though what could be prettier than the real cats' fur, I can't imagine," and the gentleman spread out a lady's dolman bordered with soft brown and white far.' "We use the fur for linings only and seldom make an entire cloak, hat or muff of the material. It is hardly suitable for an entire garment, though for trimmings and linings it is unsurpassed. Where do we get the cats? Everywhere. I think nearly every state in the union contributes its quota. Ohio, however, is our great stand-by. Her crop of oats can always be depended on, and like her crop of of fice holders seems to never grow less. Last year we received some 350,000 skins from that state. In our own factory we used about half a million pelts, and it is estimated that over 1,750,000 cats are slaughtered every year for the trade." "How about prices?" "Oh, prices are about the same this season as last. We pay from three to seven cents, according to variety and texture of the fur. We get all the skins we can nee at those prices without diffi culty, but I understand that in France cat raising has become quite an industry. However, we have not come to that yet, and the supply here is more than equal to the demand. You see we manufacture our goods during only five months in the year, so all our pelts must .beTpur chased in that time. It does not pay to hold them over." He further said that no especial pro cess was necessary in preparing the furs for use. They were subjected to exactly the same treatment given to more valu able skins, and retained their color equally well. He thought the "con sumption of cats' fur for wear was on the increase. fN. Y. World. Sleepy Cream. Not an uncommon complaint is that cream will not produce butter sometimes for hours, churn as much as one may. The North British Agriculturist has the following interesting information oh the causes and remedy: On examination of ths cream which, despite our churning, steadfastly refuses to become butter, it will be noticed that it has apparently increased in bulk more than the ordinary small swelling of par tially churned cream could account for; consequently it is evident that the fer mentation, which is, as a matter 01 fact, going on, is creating a sort of efferves cence, or producing gas in the cream, which causes the inordinate swelling re ferred to. This is brought about by the presence of fermentive germs in the cream, acquired either from the imper fectly cleansed utensils employed, or ex istent therein from unpreventible nat ural causes. As far as the utensils are concerned the remedy is simple, as a free and thorough use of clean cold and hot water, accompanied by a sufficient amount of "elbow" put into their appli cation, is quite capable in every way of eraaicauncr w aeoaymn kbu wuiuu . 1 -1 1 ineffectual washing would allow to re main on the sides of dairy uten sils. The natural causes are more difficult of being ascertained, and can naturally not be in any way pre vented, because the fermentivo germs are immediately present in tbe milk when it leaves the cow. How these germs are acquired, or wnence tney 1 Al. come, is to a large extent purely specu lative; but our scientists assert, and no doubt they have good reason for so do ing. that there are certain plants con earned by cows feeding on particular pastures, which possess the faculty of impregnating milk with the fermentive germs productive of tbis so-called sleep iness of cream. Furthermore, that cows out of condition, or which may be bent rather on the mcresae of their kind than the bulk of their bodies and flow of lacteal fluil, produce milk wanting either in correct chemical composition or fraught with abnormal constituents; either condition results in the sleepy cream aforesaid. r The remedy is simple and easily ap- nlied. In most cases a sudden dash of hot or cold water into the churn causes the desired transformation; but is advis able always to have some good butter powder of established reputation handy, so that in the event of a ease of sleepy cream it can be added, and the butter formed. It will generally be found that the first application of the powder re suits in a very little butter forming, but a second will lead to the production of the light quantity. , A Virginia judge has laid down the broad legal principal that an elopement is not necessarily a felony. Julia A. Moore, the sweet singer of Michigan, has disposed of 4000 volumes of her poems. Tennyson smokes clay pipes, taking a Iresh one every day. Half Human, Halt Alligator, The Jacksonville (Florida) Times of Oct. 10th has the following: Perhaps the greatest living curtosities now in ex istence in this country will pass through this city on their way to Cincinnati and Louisville next Tuesday. About two years ago Charles Lewis, in passing through the state, discovered about 15 utiles below St. Augustine, a family of white persons, consisting of John Mc Donald, his wife and five children. Two of the children he found to be half human and half alligator. He at once con tracted with the parents to give him the management of the children, and agreed to pay them 25 per month to take cars of them until such time as he saw fit to ui&b lucui away, a xcw wee a ago lur. Lewis returned to the state for the pur pose of taking the children north, and on Wednesday arrived in this city to ar range for their transportation: He will go to St. Augustine Monday after the children, and arrive in this city with thtm perhaps on Tuesday morning, and will remain here about five hours before leaving for Louisville. Mr. Lewis did not intend to exhibit them here, except perhaps to a few friends and acquaint ances. Theee children are now nine years of age, and have never been to ex ceed ten miles from their home, and con sequently have never been placed on ex nibition. Their bodies, arms and heads from the hips up are perfectly formed. while from the hips down they present the identical appearance of an alligator, having a perfectly formed tail, ab-mt five feet in length, together with the hind feet and legs of the 'gator. They crawl around on their hands and feet, converse intelligently, and seem to en joy life very much. They live part of the time in the water, which they enjoy very much, using their tails while swim miner ilio aamo a a tha allicrat.Ai f r nm- . o -, "-o--" , f-" . pel their bodies. They are healthy, good looking and well developed chil dren, and outside of their love for the water their general mode of living is the same as thtt of other human beings. Magnificent Lumber Region. The following is from the Sonoma. Cal., Democrat: Few people have any good idea of the vast timber resources of Tuolumne county. Lying on the southern bound ary, along the Mariposa line, on the up per waters of the souh and middle forks of the Tuolumne river, is the finest body of lumber timber in the world. Here, for sixty miles, is an unbroken forest of sugar pine, yellow pine, red and white fir and spruce. The trees are enormous in size, and rise -to magnificent highis, while the growth is so dense as to plunge tbe depths of the forest into a perpetual gloom. The trees average from bye to ten feet in diameter, and their freedom m . m - 1 I their value for lumbering purposes. "It is nothing extraordinary to see pine and red fir trees ten and twelve feet in diame ter, straight as an arrow, and rising to a hight of 150 to 200 feet. This body of timber is easy of access, and only re quires to be tapped by a railroad to be turned into a vast source of wealth. As yet, most of it is the property of the gov ernment. . Muoh of it, however,has been surveyed, and is now in the market. About two years since some parties pro jected a railroad through this region.and prepared to grab about 50,000 acres of this timber, but apparently the scheme has fallen through. Their scheme was not a legitimate enterprise, as their ob- rf. xraa nnl v tn crat trA nrniftftk nnnflr D " I i wav, and tben make a big deal witn east- trn capitalists, mow tne giant trees stand nodding invitation to the railroad and the saw mill. Whenever these two agencies make their advent into this im mense forest old Tuolumne will spring into renewed life and prosperity. The field lies fallow now, waiting for the coming of enterprise and -capital. The Unlucky Royal Family. A whole series of unlucky accidents. says London Truth, have lately befallen the Austrian imperial family. Just as the Empress Elizabeth was passing on horseback over a small bridge in the Styrian alps, near Murzsteg, a plank gave way under her horse's hoot. The animal stumbled and threw his rider over his head. On the very same day, at the same hour, Archduke William, brother of the Archduke Albert, while superintending the cavalry exercises at the camp of Brack, was taken ill, and fell in a dead faint off his horse; and at the same moment the Archduchess Clo tilda, wife of Archduke Joseph, who had been to visit a girl's school near Buda Pesth, having just stepped out of the house, accompanied by the young girls, heard a frightful noise behind her. She turned and found that the roof of the school room had fallen in! What inter pretation will superstitious people place upon these coincidences Mine would be that the Archduchess Clotilda is luck ier than her relations. - NEWS JfOTES. Henry Clews, the banker, says Van- derbilt talks too much. There are 300 cats on exhibition at the Boston cat show. A Gotham brunnette says blondes are always selfish and affected. The Dakota lands set apart for educa tional purposes are valued at $82,000, 000. Seven Hartford, Conn., grocers have been fined $6 a piece for selling bull but ter. . . ' ' A Michigan man left $1 in his will-to buy a rope to hang his daughter's hus band. Kansas has a corn crop of 200,000,000 bushels, and wants a general war in Europe. - Daisy hammered away at her doll's head till she broke it open to see what it contained. It was empty. Her motner had carelessly told her that the heads of of dolls and people contained the same kind of filling. That afternoon when her big sister was entertaining her beau in the parlor, Daisy rushed in and as tonished the basbrui young mau wim the startling announcement: "I know what yon ve got in your neaa. xt n stuffed with air. Mamma says so."