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7. ...Vwifv A; THE INDEPBITDENT ? r-fj i i .f. v'. .y -r- . ., j'r-V".."'-.-.V ' .,- - : t J " ; HAS TUB i . : :the independent , , 13 . ISSUED. , 1- f." tsatiarrtay SIo milters, . ; ; ; , , . V. f " i BY THE DOUGLAS COUNTY PUBLISHING CO. Owe Tfiir t 50 .." Thre Jloiiih)H.mM.HM.. 1 OO . These ere the term' for those pylnK In advance. The IaDEPKNDRNr effer. fine Inducements to ad ' vertiecn. Term reasonable. If! FirJSSTA"JOB;i;OFFIOE;c IN DOUGLAS COUNTY. CARDS, BILL-BEADS', LEGAL BLANKS . , And p'lier printing, tacludlng Large -and.-Heavy.: Posters and Showy . Hand-Bills. Neatly and expeditiously executJ A.T PORTLAND y ml.im vol. vin. ROSEBURG, OREGON, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 1. 1883. NO. 34. w - j i i 15" i : ! l : ( : ? ! .JAGKULEK PRACTICAli ' WATCHMAKER: JEWELER, AND 'OPTICIAN. m ; -' ' ALL WORlTVAHRANTED. Dealer" liV VcVe(. Clocki, Jewell y, . 8y ice d I)4guiit .. - 'v And a Fall Llue of - Cigars, Tobacccs and Fancy Goods. The, onf rellftb'e Optometer in town for the proper adjustmenicf fpectaclea; alwayion band. Depot trf the Genuine Brazilian Pebble Spec tacles and Eyegtasses. OFFICE First doof south of post office, Rose hurg. Oregon. - ' 1 ' IiATIGEIIBEIlG'S Boot -andrSiioe- Store, KOB&UURG, OON.i On Jcfcson S?Tel ODpo?e tn Postoffice. Keeps cn traod the Ikigest and best assortment of Kastern and Hnn FrftnrWco Foots autl Phoes, tialtra. Slippers And eveiy thing lathe Boot and Shoe Line and SELLS CHEAP for CASH IJoots and Shoes Made to Order Pcrfct Fit (Guaranteed. I use the Beet of 1 e-i tber and Warrant all my woi k. " ttllNCi Neatly Done On Short Not.ce. I keep always on hand TOYS AND NOTIONS. 'Musical Instruments srd Violin Stripe a Spe cially. I.Ol'IJ U-ASOKfliltltKG. DR. M. W. DAVIS, DENTIST. FOSEBURG, OREGON. OFFICE-OS JACKSON fiTREKT, Up Btalrr, over S. Marks b Co.'s New Store. SYIAHOFJEY'O SALOON Nearest to the Railroad Depot,' Oakland Jais. Xalionoy, Prop'r. The finest of wines, liquors and cigars is Dotf las countj, and the beet ta the BUto kept ia proper rapsin ParUee trarelinj en the railroad win And thk place Terr handy to visit during the step ping of the train at the Oak land Depot. Give me aeall. Jab. MAH02TCY. a i i i i im., JOHN FRASER, Home Made t Furniture, AVILBUH, OHEGON. Upholstery, Spring Mattrasses, Etc., t Constantly on hand. niDfJiTiirrr i the tt stock oi rUn 11 1 1 Ulll.. lumiture south of Portland And all of my own manufacture. No two Prices to Customers Rcsiiients of Douglas county are requested to give me a call before purchasing elsewhere. ALLWOEKAllKANTED.-a DEPOT HOTEL- dAKIAND, - OREGON. Ricliard. Tliomaa, Prop'r. rpHIS HOTEL HAS BEEN ESTABLISHED ' for a number ot years, and has become very popular with the traveling public. First-dan -, SLEEPING ACCOMMODATIONS. And the table supplied with the best the market affords. Hotel at the depot of the Railroad. H . C . ST A n TO N $ Dealer in Staple Dry Coodsl Keeps constantly on hard inent of a general assort- EXTRA FINE GROCERIES, WOOD, WILLOW AND ULA8SWARF, ALSO Crockery and Cordage A full stock of SCHOOL n o o i Sut'h as required by the Public County Schools, AJI kind of STATIONERY, TOYS and FANCY ARTICLES, To suit both Young and Old. B CYS AND SELLS L1XJAL TENDERS lurnthes Checks ou l'crtldiid. ani procures Pral's u tan f rmu'isoo. - SEEDS!! srSEEDS! IDS I AI L XiKSdF MT HJ.4L.1Y ALL OK DE Lt H I'romptly nttemlel to ami Gotxls shipned , , 1 ilh care. , llsctiency & Ueno, 1'orilaiun Oregon, To Cure Chicken Cholra A recipe for chicken cholera : Take as much gun powder as will tarn cornmeal or any similar, feed or bran, moderately black, and feed it to your chickens. Give them all they will eat of it, and if fed when first taken sick, it will cure them. The largest oyster shell in the world is in the . church of St. Sulpice, in Paris. It weighs over 500 pounds, and is used as a baptismal font.- - Clay Centre Kansas, has four thou sand residents without a rum mill. s,. L4TEST NEWS SUMMARY. BY TrXEQBAPU TO DATE. Lawrence Wilmon of Illinois has been appointed judge of the court claims. The president has pardoned Sergeant Af aspn, who' attempted to shoot Guiteau. John Chi8SoIm, for the murder of his wife, was hanged in tbe Essex county jail , New York, Nov.4 22d. K Two steamers collided on Lake Genera recently, between . E?ian and Quiry. Twenty passengers were drowned. . On Nov. 26th New York city cele brated the one hundredth anniversary xt the evacuation of the British troojps. ,. a ' Business failures for the week ending November - 23d UhbnglOut thUstitetl States and Canada, were 24? agamst 235 the previous week. The librarr of the late Henrv C. Murphy of Brooklyn, it is announced, will be sold during the coming winter. It is valued at $100,000, although it con sists of only 5000 volumes. Ellen Reed, wife of Charles H. Reed, counsel for the assassin Guiteau, began suit for divorce in the Chicago courts on the ground of failure to support. Reed was. formerly state's attorney at Chicago. Governor Crosby, of Montana, in his annual report to the secretary of the in terior, urges that polygamous Mormons be not only disfranchised, but debarred from entering government lands, there by preventing the spread of Mormonism in the territory. Tbe masons have stopped work on the Washington monument,, leaving the shaft for the winter at the height of 410 feet. At this elevation it is the loftiest Bruoture on the continent, and, with very few exceptions, in the world. When completed it will be 550 feet high. ' Patrick William O'Brien, the Irish giant, and Christian D. Dnnz, German giantess, were married in Pittsburg, Nov. 20ib. The ceremony was perfprmed in the German.Evangelical church, and was Witnessed by a large concourse of people, including the mayor and council of Pittsburg, the mayor oi Allegheny, JoJm McCullough, Margaret Mather, Azteo Indians, and a snake charmer. The supreme court at San Francisco has affirmed the judgment of the lower courts in the case of Wheeler, the strangler of Adella J. Tilson, his sister-in-law. He has been sentenced to be hanged Saturday, Dec. 1st. Wheeler will be brought before Judge Feral.and, for the third time since the murder, the sentence of death will be passed upon him. A special from Hickman, Kentucky, gives an account of the horrible double murder of Hillman King and wife, an old respected couple. Their son Arthur visited the house and found his mother dead, in a .pool of clotted blood. He gave the alarm, and the neighbors found the father in the barn, covered with shucks and partly eaten by rats. A Ger man peddler is suspected. The house was robbed of $2000. A Salt Lake dispatch of November 21st says: In an interview to-day David Bockholdt, coanty clerk of this county, and a polygamist, - announced that he will not give up his office; and that the election held last August, under the auspices of the commisson, whereat his successor- among others was chosen, was a mere farce, to which he should pay no attention. A large number of other polygamist officers are holdiDg over in the same way, in disregard of the elec tion. Their theorv is that the Edmunds law is unconstitutional, and the action of the commission under it invalid. And since the newly elected Mormons are committed to the same view, : and will not bring suits to oust to polygamists, the latter seem to have the best of the situation. - A Fort Benton dispatch of November 23d says: A daring robbery occurred last night at T. C. Power & Bros, store, about 11 P.M. While Mr. Stark was clearing up. the work of a heavy day's business, he was asked by two strangers, who called at the rear door, the price of a ticket to St. Paul. On being informed the price, one of the men said, "I'll take a nrst-ciass ticket, pulling oat a nun dred dollar bill and giving it to Stark, who opened the drawer to make change, exposing a number of bills. Just as he did so, with his back to the strangers, he was dealt a heavy blow on the ear and knocked partly down, followed quickly by another that sent him to the floor un conscious. The robbers took about $700 from the drawer, ard made their escape before Stark revived. Officers are in pursuit; Stark is pretty severely in jured, and has been confined to his room all day. A Laconia, N. H., dispatch of Nor. 25th says: This morning residents were startled by the story of a terrible trage dy which occurred at 4 o'clock. S. F. Andrews, a neighbor of James Ruddy, aged forty years, and employed et the Laconia car works, was alarmed by a woman screaming. He aroused his son -and hurried to Ruddy's house, whence the screams proceeded. They found Mrs. Ruddy, aged 36 years, lying on the ground beneath the front window, through which she had leaped. She was bleeding profusely, and said she had been cut all. to pieces. She was prop erly cared for, assistance was obtained and tbe door of Ruddy's house forced in.when flames burst forth and an alarm was Bounded. The fire was quickly ex tinguished and the bodies of Ruddy and his only child, one and a ha!f years old, were found lying on the kitchen floor, both cut in a terrible manner and cover ed with the contents of a feather bed which had been saturated with kerosene and set on fire. Tbe bodies were so dis figured by flames as to be nearly past recognition. In the bedroom was found the trunk of , the lifeless : body of Mrs. Ford, which was identified by her hut band. One of her limbs had been chop ped ofT.and the remaining leg was bound to the woman s body with a clothes line. The bed clothes were then saturated with oil and an attempt made to set them on fire, but failed. Mrs. Buddy, being questioned, said that the crime was com mitted bj Thomas Samyn, an English man and an acquaintance of the family, a cook by trade, and about 38 years of age, with a hatchet, rested. Samon was an- Joseph H. Blackf an, superintendent of foreign mails, died Nov. 24th. Fifty persons in Thorn, .West Prussia, have been attacked by trichinosis. Captain Samuel Richardson Knox of the United States navy died Nov. 22d. The Chicago city hall, costing $1,123, 000 is ready for use, but is not done. The 'duke of Castlemont, who was captured recently near Trapani by brigands, has been ransomed for 30,000 florins. The budget ' of the German empire estimates the receipts and expenditures for the fiscal year of 1884 5 at 1,112, 00,000 marks each. -vn . . The Postal Telegraph Company, for a consideration of $10t498,500, , full paid Atock, , tapsfaire& hXl atsl- lines,; f ran chises, etc. , to the Postal . Cable ; Com pany.:. - - The national borne for disabled volun teer soldiers has commenced suit in the federal court of Boston, to recover from General Butler $18,2o, for which he has failed to account. It is said that O'Donnell, who is soon to be tried in London for the killing of Carey, was once a Molly Maguire iu Pennsylvania, and was prominent in sev eral riots in the coal regions. - A Danville, Ind., dispatch of Novem ber 20ih, says: Early yesterday Ding unknown parties inserted dy namite cartridges under the Dewdrop saloon. The explosion blew the build ing to pieces and the shock was felt over the entire town. At Rushville, Indiana, recently Ed ward Payne, cashier of the Rushville national bank, was awakened by a noise. He started down stairs and meta bur glar coming up, who ordered him back, threatening to shoot. Payne hurled a vessel at him, whereupon the burgle r fired, the shot taking effect in Payne's right lung. A Coal Creek, Col., dispatch of Nov. 20th says: This morning Isaac Jones and'Phil Griffith started down the shaft of the Canfield coal mine,f or the purpose of examination. When down 300 feet their lamps ignited the gas, causing a terrific explosion. Griffith was stunned and badly burned, but managed , to escape. . Jones was lound on tue bottom of.the shaft, dead. ; A pool known as the Consolidated Pa per Company, comprising fifty mills throughout the northwest, manufactur ing wrapping paper, met in Chicago re cently, and resolved, in view of the over stocked condition of the market, to fthut down all mills from December 1 to Feb ruary 4. They have been runniug cn half time since November 1. This will throw 2000 men out of employment.- In pursuance of resolutions adopted by the annual meeting of the grand army of the republic, Captain N. Shockey, chaiimah of the cdmmittee appointad for the purpose, has sent circulars to all the posts of the j G. A. R in Kansas, Mis souri, Arkansas, Nebraska, Colorado New Mexico and Indian territory, 8k ing signatures of all comrades to a me morial to congrt es, praying for the es tablishment of a soldiers' and sailors' home in Kansas. Speedy action is asked, so that the memorial may be pre sented to congress early in the coming season. :;. jVf. A suit involving over $20,000,000 was commenced in the U. S. Cir. court at San Francisco, by Jennie M.Gray of Virginia, widow of John Bowie Gray, against the Quicksilver Mining Company of New Almaden. Gray was one of the three original owners of the property, and died in New York in 1861. His partners were Knowles Tayldr and Robert J. Walker, formerly secretary of the treas ury. Action is based on fraud in the ad ministration by the two partners of Gray's interest, whereby the company, for a small sum, succeeded in obtaining entire possession of the property. Jacob Thompson, who, besides Gen eral Holt; is the only living member of Buchanan's cabinet, stated that he contemplated, writing a history of his visit to Canada as agent of the southern confederacy. Thompson speaks of it as his "Canadian campaign, and declares that a full publication of all facts would create a considerable breeze. His sole reason for hesitation, he declares, is that - several prominent citizens, one or more of them occupying scats in the congress of the United States, would be utterly ruined, tie intimates tnat one, at least. of the gentlemen was in the confidence of the United States government at the time of whioh he speaks, and was at the same time aiding him in his efforts for the success of the confederacy. A Jackson, Mich., dispatch of ftov. 22J says: This morning four persons Jacob B. Cronch, aged 73. and a widow er, Henry White, aged 38, a son-in-law of Cronch Eunice White, aged 33, daughter of Cronch, all of Summit town ship, Jackson county, and Moses Polley, i a fx - f m n r x agea au, oi xransier, iuercy county, Pennsylvania were found murdered in their beds, all having been shot through the head behind the ear. It is supposed they were chloroformed first, as no signs of a struggle appeared, each victim lying as it asleep, and the odor of chloroform being noticeable when the bodies were discovered. Mrs. White , was also shot through the left arm. No clue, has, as yet, been discovered, although tracks around the house indicate that a guard was placed while the murJer was being perpetrated. Cronch was a wealthy farmer, living seven miles southwest of Jackson, and the owner of an extensive sheep ranch Texas. it is rumored that he had just received $50,000 from Texa,in payment on sales made; on the ranch. Bankers here state thatj no money was deposited uy kronen, ana h 18 presumed tne money was in Crouch's hands. Polley was stopping at uroncn s, having just cone irom Lexas witn a large amount of money for the purpose cf buying blood ed stock. Tne theory is that , he (Pol ley) was followed by the murder or mur derers, for the purpose of robbery. The house was thoroughly ransacked, and every thiDgol value carried away. young girl, adopted daughter of White's and a negro, aged 18, were sleeping no stairs. The girl says she heard no firing although the 'negro says he heard thumping noise about the middle of the night, and thought that it was caused bv a fierce wind which was blowing. FOE HIS BROTHER. "The governor pardoned John Bris ben, a penitentiary convict, to-day. He was sent up from Bourbon for'fifteen years for forgeryi and had ten years to serve. Our readers are familiar with.the history of this case, and the humane action of his excellency will be generally commended." Frankfort (Ky.) Yeo man. - I read this little paragraph and my mind went back six years I knew John Brisben, . and I also, knew his twin brother Joseph. I was familiar with the details of the action; that placed John Brisben in a felon's cell, and now when the sad affair is brought back to mind so vividly I mu3t writept out, for never be fore have I .met isrose or poetiy. in real! life or in , romance, a greater hero than plain, matter of fact John Brisben. The Brisbens came of good stock. I think the great-grandfather of my hero emigrated to Kentucky when Kenton's station, between the present city, of Maysville and the historic old town of Washington, was the principal settle ment on the "dark and bloody ground." He came from upper Pennsylvania and located about five miles from the Ohio river, on Limestone creek. Ho was an industrious, strong limbed, lion hearted old fellow, and in a few years his sur roundings were of the most comfortable description. One of his sons, Edwin Brisben, once represented Kentucky in the federal congress. I think he was the grandfather of John and Joseph Brisben. Their father's name was Samuel, and he died when they were little children, leav ing his widow an excellent blue grass farm and a snug little fortune in stocks, bonds and mortgages. The widow re mained a widow until her death. Mrs. Samuel Brisben was a good woman and she idolized her two boys. Like most twins, the brothers resembled each other in a striking manner, and even intimate acquaintances could not tell them apart. But although the physical resemblance was so strong there was great dissimilar ity m the dispositions of the twins. oseph Brisben was surly and morose, sometimes cunning and revengeful. He was withal a dreamer and an enthusiasts a man well learned in books, a brilliant. irothy talker when he choce to be soci able (which was saldom). a splendid horseman and a most excellent shot. ohn Brisben, on the contrary, was cheerful and bright, honorable and for giving. He was a man of high moral principle, intensely practical and meth odical, cared little for books, and, al though he said but-little, was a splendid companion. He was a poor horseman, and I don't think he ever shot a gun in his life, and, as for sport, he enjoyed himself only when hard at work. He oved his brother, and when they were boys together suffered punishment many times, and uncomplainigly that "Jodie" might go scot free. ; Hid life was, there- ore, one constant sacrifice, but the ob ect of this loving adoration made but shabby returns for this unselfish devo tion. ' .' V- They were twenty years old when their jaother died very suddenly. The prop erty left to the boys was considerable. The day they were twenty-one years old the trustees met, and made settlement. There was the blue grass farm valued at $50,000, and $100,000 in well-invested securities which could be turned into money. Joseph demanded a division. "You can take the farm, Jack," he said. "I was never cut out for a farmer. Give mo $75,000 in money for my share." , ' So this sort of division was made. John continued on at the homestead. working in his plain, methodical way. and slowly adding to his share of the money that he could . raise out of the profits of the farm. Joseph, with his newly acquired wealth, set Tip an estab- lshment at the nearest town and began a life of pleasure seeking f the grossest sort. His brother gave him no, advice, for he knew it was useless. ! Joseph spent his money with great prodigality, and before he knew it he was a j beggar. In the meantime John's $25,000 had doubled itself. Ono day Joseph1 came to him with a full confession of his pecun iary troubles. ; "Jack," he said, "I am not only a beggar, but I am heavily in debt. Help me out like a good fellow, and I will settle down in Bober earnest."- 1 For an answer John Brisben placed his name to au order for the $25,000 he had earned so laboriously. I in less than three yars Joseph Bns- ben'8 affairs were ' in the hands! of his creditors, and a sheriff's officer, closed out his business. Again he turned to hi brother for help and sympathy. Once mure John Unsben placed his name to a check payable to the oider of his brother, and Joseph entered into business again. In two years he was a bankrupt. j It took all of John Brisben s hoard to pay his brother's debts, but he made no complaint, uttered no reproach. He said: - . "I am glad you are coming back to the farm, Jodie. You need do no work, and we will be very happy together.' So Joseph took up his residency at the farm, and, remembering his brother's words, devoted his time principally to hunting, fishing and riding about the country. - j In the meantime John Brisben had fallen in love, and the daughter of a neighboring farmer, Compton, byj name, was nis promised wife, lieing a man of strict honor himself, and having full confidence in his orother, he did not ob ject when Joseph began to pay his affi anced very marked attention, j One night Joseph came to him just as the shadows of evening were beginning to fall. There was a triumohant nner in his voice when he spoke. v "Jack, old boy," he said, holding out his hand, "congaatulate me. I think from to day I can date the beginning of a new life. Alice Compton has promised to be my wife.", !; j They were married, and the man re jected by the bride and supplanted by the groom was the first to congratulate the newly married pair. A vacanti house on the farm was fitted up for their 'recep tion, and John Bris ben's money paid for the furnishing. j "Hereafter, Jodie," he said, "we will divide the profits of the farm. - I ! don't need much, and you shall have the larger share." ! Ten years passed away, and John Bris ben, an old man before his time, still worked from dawn till dark that his brother ' might play tbe gentleman and keep in comfort the Urge family which the years had drawn around him. It had been necessary to mortgage the old homestead to raise money to pay Joseph's gambling debts, for of late years ha had played heavily, and had invariably lost. One day it was the summer of 1877 a forged check was presented at one of the banks of the shire town, by Joseph Brisben, and the money for which it called was unhesitatingly paid over to him. He was under the influence of liquor at the time, and deeply interested in a game of cards for high stakes, which was in progress. The check was for $2500, 1 think-Before daylight the next morning Joseph Brisben had lost every dollar ot it. To drown his chagrin he becania beastly drunk, and while in this condition an officer arrived and appre hended him for forgery and uttering a forged check. The prisoner was confined in jiil, and word of his disgrace was sent to John Brisben. "She must not know it," he said to himself, and he made instant preparation to visit his brother. When he reached the jail he was admitted to the cell of the wretched criminal. The brothers remained together for . several heurs. What passed during the interview will never be .known. When John Brisben emerged from the jail he went straight to the magistrate who had issued the war rant for the -apprehension of Joseph Brisben. "Squire," eaid he, in his elow, hesitat ing way, "you hive made a mistake." "In what way, Mr. Brisben?" asked the magistrate, who had a high regard for bis visitor. "You have caused the arrest of an in nocent man."' "Bat" began the magistrate. "Issue an order for my brother's in stant release. He is innocent of the in tent to do wrong. I am the guilty man. I forged the name of Charles Ellison to the check which he uttered. He did not know that it was a forgery.' "You 1" cried the astonished magis trate. "You a foger impossible!" "Nothing is impossible in these days," said the white haired bid man, sternly. "I alone am guilty. My brother is inno cent.'' Accordingly Joseph Brisben was le leased and returned to the farm. John remained at the jail a prisoner. When the extraordinary affair became known, several prominent citizens offered to go on' the accused man's bond, but 5 he would not accept their kind offices. At the trial he pleaded guilty, and was sen tenced to fifteen years' imprisonment at hard labor in the penitentiary. Joseph came to see him before he was removed to Frankfort, but their interview was a private one. " Joseph Brisben remained on the farm. but he was a changed man. From the day of his release from jail down to the time of hia death he was never known to touch a card, and a drop of liquor never passed his . lips. , Last April he died, and his confession, duly sworn to before a justice of the peace, was made public after his burial. In substance it was this : That he was guilty of the forgery for which his brother was suffering a long imprisonment. "It was my brother's wish, not mine," reads the document. "He insisted that he, who had no ties of blood or marriage, corld better suffer the punishmeut and disgrace than I, who had dependent upon, me a large family." Noble John Brisben ! Of such stuff are heroes made. Otercrowdlng and Crime in Paris. uvercrowaing, however, has now reached such a point that serious nneubi- ness is beginning to be felt by the mu nicipal council of Paris. The communal insurrection of 1871 proved that the peo ple of Paris bad not grown less revolu tionary because they lived in better look ing hoases; and, indeed, the embellish ments of the city had, as already shown, simply altered the conditions of the working man's life without improving them. One of the emperor's ideas was that by erecting fine streets everywhere he might disintegrate the popular mass. Instead of clustering together by thou sands, workmen would be spread over all parts of tho city, and those of them who became tenants of sixth floor rooms in houses the lower flats of which were occupied by bourgeois lodgers would, as he calculated, bo refined by the influ ence of these respectable abodes. This was only a dream. The increase of pop ulation has caused whole districts to be come once again "quartiera ouvriers," and in these tbe almost entire ex tinction of home life has had the moBt demoralizing results. Children being sent away, the home has no "rai- son d etre," and marriages are becoming- rarer and rarer. The Parisian workman lives mostly out of doors and in wine shops. He does not carry his dinner to bis work, but takes his meals in an "es taminet;" and as a rule his evenings are epent in a cafe. What instruction in morals he gets is derived from the thea ter and from newspapers the spiritual agencies which countless churches, tem perance' societies and other religious bodies bring to bear on the poor of Lon don there is little to be seen in Paris. The city has sixty Catholic churches and perhaps thirty chapels of other denomi nations, bo that one place of worship might be reckoned for about every 20, 000 inhabitants; and to all appearance even this is more than tbe people desire. The national habit of thrift may be fairly counted among the elements which oper abe for good on workmen; but in respect of thrift the Parisians may be compared to ants" who are preyed upon by ant- eaters; Thev save, but innumerable financial companies are on the lookout to catch their savings. "Changeurs." who are the popular bankers, abound in every quarter, and more than twenty fin ancial i on rnals. which profess to act as guides to investors, are published daily. But every week the disappearance of some changeur and the collapse of some company is reported, and after every such event it turns out that hundreds of workmen and servants have been pinch ing themselves for years simply to feed a gang of swindlers. Under the influ ence of all. these causes, overcrowding, childlefcsuess, immorality, irreligious- ness, and financial robberies, crime has developed to such an extent in Paris that the most drastic legislation has had to be proposed. It is computed that after 1 the overthrow of the commune about 20,000 of the most, reckless char acters in Paris were got rid of by shoot ing or transportation; but, notwithstand ing this great purge, M. Gambetta had to declare, less than ten years afterward, that thes criminal classes formed an "army cf desperadoes ready to the hand of any political adventurer': Last year the chamber of deputies passed a bill (which has not yet been voted by the senate) for sentencing to transportation for life all felons twice convicted; but even the heavy menace of this act has- had ho deterrent effect, for only a few that - regular uattnes of criminals were being conducted in the suburbs, whole companies of gendarmes and policemen being sent out against them with fire arms. London Times. The Beauties of Polygamy. A Mormon Missionary oh his way east last spring, in broken English was ex plaining to the passengers in the car the beauties of religion and especially the charms of polygamy. At last, address ing a prominent gentleman of this place, he. asked: "Are you. a married man?" The gentleman responded in the affirma tive, whereupon the saint continued as follows: "If you are married you know some things and can understand one beauty of polygamy. You know most married people , have little misunder standings, tilts as they are called. If ono wife 'puts on,' all yon have to do is to go to the house of another wife, that soon brings the obBtrepeious wife to her senses, and I tell you it causes them all to use us mighty well." , "You dam nable scoundrel," said the gentleman, "you would tear out a, woman's heart and hangit on the wall to minister to your own pleasure, and another and another as your pleasure was satiated; and you have been selected to preach the gospel abroad?" It was even so, and from that circumstance alone we can estimate how much of devotion is blend ed with tho marrying of plural wives. Tho ruling thonghts are simply selfish ness and brutal lust, and under the sys tem there can result only, women de formed in mind and with hearts either turned to gall or stone, and men in whose souls the nobler instincts have .been blunted forever. For the govern ment of tho United States to draw the mantle of protection around this prac ticei and to shield it through a sensitive dread of interfering with any thing which is called a part of a religion is an injus tice to the country at laree. a"8rueltv to the Mormon people themselves. To this coantry it is what it would be to a sea port to permit passengers bringing a dreadful epidemic sickness to land with out quarantine. Salt Lake Tribune. Women of the World. Go west, young girl! In Texas they are paying servant girls $20 a month. An Indianapolis woman who wears a No. 1 shoe claims to have had sixteen offers of marriage on acaount of her foot. , - The ladies of Cleveland hold an an nual doll show for a charity called "The Open Door." The last one held recent ly, netted $.4000. ... "Come and see me on important family matters." was the invitation sent over to her relatives by a. lady in Berlin. This was the delicate way she desired them to see her hanging to a bedpost dead. Tom Thumb's poor little widow is in a lonely and bad way. S he has been shocked so often by sudden deaths in her family and then by the Milwaukee fire, that she wonders she isn't dead. Chicago Herald : Mary Anderson was presented to the Prince of Wales, but Mrs. Wales was present by way of no harm. Now let the patriots in the Blue gra?s state hang their muto sentinels of thenreside on the antlers. It is rumored thai the lovely Countess ot JUonedale will cut an anti-matrimonial swarthe in this country before settling down to married joys, jt is not stated whether she will bring her Freddie with her or depend on our domestic e took. "Xondon World : An accident hap pened lasr week in which a dog-cart driven by a lady, a private carriage and a fly were in collision. No one need be astonished at this or any other carriage accident which may happen in Brighton. An tne nrsc place, the tact that women have taken to driving is in itself pro lific of danger. They seldom , have any strength, they never have any dis cretion. Their great object is to attract attention and to do this they rattle on in the most reckless manner. - HOUSE AND FARM. To Remove Warts on juattle A cor respondent asks how to remove warts on cows' teats. Use raw tomatoes for tbe removal of warts. Cut a tomato in two and rub with the inside. Try it. , Hockory Nut Cake One and a half cups white sugar, a half cap butter, two cups flour, three-fourths cup sweet milk, one cup nut kernels, whites . of four eggs, one teaspoocfal soda, two tea spoocfuls cream tartar. To Sweeten Rancid Lard Place the lard over the fire, slice fresh potatoes thin, a few or mauy, according to the quantity of grease, then fry until the slices are brown. The grease will be sweet, while the potatoes will be im mensely strong. ;T r j Delicious. Padding One quart of boiled milk, mixed with a quarter of a pound of mashed potatoes and the. same quantity of fl ur, with one or two ounces of butter, and two ounces of sugar. When it is cold, add three eggs well beaten; bake half an hour, and eat with wine sauce. A Nice Sauce for Tea A nice sauce for tea can be made of figs. Let them soaK m com water, or, better still, in a little sour cider, all night. Then let them boil gently till they are tender. Just before taking them from the fire add sugar to your taste. If yoa do not use cider, the juice of one or two lemons should be used to prevent the sauce from tasting insipid. Toys and (iirls Sometimes after reading words of warning respecting tho girls, and tha danger of their going out at night unat tended, the thought has occurred to me "What is tha matter! Has a menag erie of wild beasts been let loose in tha streets? Are swine and horned' cattle suffered to run at large? Ah, no! it is only' men who are dangerotu," And since boys are undeveloped men, why not taka care of the boys, so that the next genera tion of girls may have & reasonable free dom to walk 'father open$ air, and go about their business, unmolested. Do wo not cherish our boys with tha same care and tenderness in infancy? La. we not look for the first acswering milei for the rst attempt t6 walk, with the same interest? And when after many years of care and labor, wa see them strong, vigorous, active, with bounding footsteps and voices musical to our ears, do we not have the same solicitude for their health, morals and happiness.as wa do for those of our girls? And suppose their restless feet are inclined to go tho downward road Bhall nothing be dona to save them? : ; While living in the suburbs of Boston we knew a family of girls and boys. Tho girls were respectable, but sometimes we saw one of the boys intoxicated.' Lately we saw a notice of his death in the paper. r V Mr. Luske, who has visited a large number' of prisons and penitentiaries, says that by far the greater number of convicts are men. Why is this? Because the girls are cherished and guarded, while the boys are neglected. But if tha boys are not cared for, what is to become of our country? Mrs. : Browning, in "Mother and Poet," says: v "What ia Italy to me If my boyt are dead?" . Since women are not allowed to have a share in the government, if the morals of the boys are bad our country's doom is sealed. : . ' Law is law, and cannot be evaded. The laws of God, physical, social and moral, apply to both sexes 'alike. If tha boys become heated, and then expose themselves to drafts of cold air, do they not suffer precisely as the girls ? If they indulge in late hours, improper food, or excesses of any kind, do they not experi ence the consequences? Are not their nerves, tissues and membranes the same? Why then should onr boys be allowed to "sow wild oats" and revel in sin, and fancy that they can escape the penalty ? Suppose our girls are chaperoned, ed ucated, cared for in every. way what is their destiny on arriving at maturity ? Either to go put into the world and meet the conflict single handed,- to live com paratively lonely and unsatisfied lives, or to marry whom ? Vicious men, with breath redolent with whisky and to bacco; men who scoff at religion ; men who sneer at the possibility of womanly virtue, and declare on all occasions that "every man has his price." We honestly believe it would bo bet ter for girls and boys to be educated to gether, with the same moral standard in view. For if a woman Is refined and pure, possessing nigh moral aims, we know of no more deplorable fate than to be married to a man destitute cf self control, and a slave to his lower pro pensities. j ... v History records that General Jackson and his wife would dance together, and sit by the fire In the evening, each smok ing a clay pipe. Thirty years ago, in the country towns, some of the best women were in the habit of smoking their pipes after dinner. And why do not women need tobacco to soothe their nerves as much as their husbands? , But Jhow can we expect boys to be come good men, when, instead of being trained, they ron wild and gain wrong ideas from hearing their father exult in their success in making good bargains; in taking advantage of the necessities of their neighbors, in lending money at high rates of interest, in deceiving their customers, in speculating in the necessi ties of life. Sometimes, within a few years, we have met with a pleasant young woman, supposed to be happily married. Her husband was doing a thriving business; but he had been neglected in youth and became dissipated. After years of un told misery, she followed him to the grave, for be died "as the fool dieth." A few years since, we knew a boy, tha son of intemperate parents. His mother, when out of fuel, would say to him: "Jim, get some f ael." As they had no money, he would go to a heap of coal be longing to a manufacturing company, or to some of the neighbors' wood-sheds, and steal some fuel. During the war he made money as a bounty-jumper, and the last we heard of him, he was in a jail for stealing. "" ::. Men and women are creatures of habit, and habit is second nature. It Is an established fact, that laws against nature can not be enf oread. How important then that our boys should form good habits in youth, so that in manhood they may become a "law unto-themselves." Woman's Journal. The Superstition About Thirteen. A menu shaped lite a coffin lid and a wine list in the semblance of a coffin rested beside the plita of each guest at last night's dinner of the Thirteen club. Judge David McAdam, of the city court, responded to the tv-ast, "The Thirteen Club and its Anti-Superstitions. "I'm not going to say anything funny, began his honor, "but I shall consider the sub ject of superstition in a. serious light (here he glanced at his waning taper) and in whut I shall say no offense is meant to any one present. The super stition concerning the number thirteen is absurd and contrary to religion. I have a wife and eleven children; must I kill one of them every time I eat or else call in my mother-in-law or the plumber? If fourteen people sit down to dine all must live the year "-out; or the force of the objection to thirteen is broken Will any reputable doctor certify that his vic tims died of too mncli thirteen? Away with the vulgar superstition! There were thirteen cars on the passenger train at the Spuyten Duyvil disaster, yet who held that fact accountable for the catastr she? i Every judge is president of a thirteen club whan there is a jury before him. N. Y. vVorlJ.