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THE niDEPEITDEIIT; THE ETDEPEIIKSITT II AS THE - IS ISSUED (P3 17 SATURDAY MORNINGS, y FINEST JOB OFFICE BY THE ' ULLlLfl IN DOUGLAS COUNTY. Douglas County Publishing Company. CARDS. BILL HEADS; LEGAL JLAMS, One Year -Six Months -Three Months $2 50 1 bo 1 DO And other Printing, including Large and Heavy Posters ni S&Qwy Hani-Bills, Thene are the terms of those paymif In advance, he Independent offers fine Inducements to ulTerti&ere. VOL. VIII. Neatly and expeditiously executed AT PORTLAND PRICES. .ROSEBTJRG, OREGON, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 2, 1884. Term reasonable. ' NO. 43. IfO Ly wlsi Jilt "J. JASKULEK, ' : PRACTICAL , f atchmater, Jeweler ani Optician, ALL WORK WAEEA1JTED. j Dealer .In Watcher Clocks, Jewelry, U. peetales and Eyeglasses; . and a rvu. ijsb or ; : Cigars, Tobacco & Fancy Goods. Th only reliable Optomor in town for the proper adjtist meut of Spectaclea ; always on hand. , Depot of the Genuine Eraiilian Pebble Spec tacles and Eyeglasses. Office First Door South of Postofficc, ROSEIHJRU, OREUOX. Boot and Shoe Store lt08EUl'Ri;, OREGON, On Jackson ,8treet, Opposite the Post Office, Koeps on hand the largest and beat asoortment of Eastern and Man Franclftr o Boots and Hhoen, (.altera, Wlipperw, And everything In the Boot and Shoe line, and SELLS CHEAP FOR CASH Hoot and Hlioes Made to Order, and Perfect Fit Guaranteed. I use the Best of Leather and Warrant all my work. Repairing Neatly Done, on Short Notice. I keep always on hand TOYS AND NOTIONS. Musical Instruments and Violin Strings a specialty. LOUIS IiAXCiEXBEIltt. DR. M. W. DAVIS, Sc? DENTIST, 11 O H E It U It ti, O It E ti O X, Office On Jackson Street, Up Stairs, Over S. Marks & Co.'s New htore. j MAHONEY'S SALOON, Nearest the Bail road Depot, Oakland. JAN. 3IAIIOXEY, - - - Proprietor The Finest "Wines, Liquors and Cigars in Douglas County, and THE BEST BILLIARD TABLE IN THE STATE, KEPT IN PROPEB REPAIR. Parties traveling on the railroad will find this place very handy to viit during the stopping of the train at the Oakland Depot. Give me a call. " JAS. MAIIONEY. JOHN ERASER. Home Made Furniture, WILBl'R, OltEC-JOW UPHOLSTERY, SPRING MATTRESSES, ETC, Constantly on hand. Fl I R N ITI I R F STOCK OF FURNITURE I V 1 1 1 1 1 I V 1 1 1 South of Portland And all of my ovm manufacture. f Xo Two Prices to Customers. , ReHidents of Douglas County are requested to give me a call before, purchasing elsewhere. ALL WORK WARRANTED. DEPOT HOTEL, Oakland, Oregon. RICHARD THOMAS, Proprietor. Tliis Hotel has been established for a num ber of years, and has become very pop ular with the traveling public. FIRST-CLASS SLEEPING ACCOMMODATIONS AJf D THK Table supplied with the Best the Market affords. Hotel at the Depot of the Railroad. H. C. STANTON, DEALER IX Staple "Dry Goods, Keeps constantly on hand a general assortment of Extra Fine Groceries, . WOOD, WILLOW AND GLASSWARE, AUSO CROCKERY AND CORDAGE, A full stock of SCHOOL BOOKS, Such as required by the Public County Schools. . All kinds of Stationery, Toys and Fancy Articles, TO SUIT BOTH YOUNU ASB OLD. Buys and Sells Legal Tenders, furnishes Lheckson ortland, and procures. Drafts on San Francisco. ill KINDS OF. f HE BEST QUALITY, ALL ODERM Promptly attended to and. goods shipped witn care. Address, II ACIIEXY A. BEXO, Portland. Oregon. On Katlnj Soap. ; rCroffut in Pioneer Press. For instance, "Don't eat soup from the end of a spoon, but from the side." Such a rule cannot 13 called establ lshed. The very shape of a sp on proves that it was meant to be eaten from at tho end, and to sip from the side successfully without spilling, especially if the diner has a full mustache, is a difficult feat. At the same time the position of the arm is more graceful, if one taps from the side. It is no sort of consequence which mode is adopted it ia merely a question of taste. ? .Vt'A TRIUMPH IN PASTRY. jL "WEDDING CAKE OF WHICH THE OUTSIDE .HALF CAN SCARCE BE TOLD. British Confectioner. : j Ono'of. tho , items connected with it marriage "i about to be celebrated in aristocratic circles is a magnificent wed ding cake, of which the following is a brief description : The cake consists of three tiers, surmounted by a castle made an exact architectural copy of the bride s home. ,Tbe stand, owing to the Bize of the cake, is niade of wood and gilded, no gold or silver stand in the trade . being available. The whole structure measures five feet high and weighs 200 pounds. The stand is three feet four.mches in. diameter and nine inches in height, f ; f The first tier of the cake is two feet and a half across and ten inches high, decorated with eight arabesque orna mental columns, each1 surmounted by a Bmall vase holding orange blossoms and- toaMen-hixernrlletweenrtF'd columns hang eight, festoons. The top of the tier is ornate with filagree pip ing. - The second tier measures one foot eleven inche3 in diameter and eight and a half inches high. Four panels adorn this tier, two of which contain the coat of arms of the bride and bridegroom respectively, painted on white silk m true heraldic colors, each surrounded by pearls and ferns. The two other panels exhibit the mongrams of the pair, also on silk, and coloi ed in harmony with the coat of arms, but surrounded by wreaths of orange blossoms and maiden-hair ferns. .between the panels hang four pretty gypsy bassets mil of stepnanotis, orange blossoms, green ferns, and silver leaves. Betweeu each basket and panel liangs a cornucopia with orchids, etc, Over each panel is a pair of flying doves, and a dove also is placed between each basket and cornucopia, htanding on top of the tier are eight eupids, each rising out of a bouquet. ol orange blos soms and holding over his shoulder a stophanotis, out of which is flowing a stream of water, represented by spun glass, v The top and bottom of the pier are embellished with filigree piping. The third tier is twenty inches across and six inches high, ornamented with eight festoons I made of etepbanotis, orange blossom, erica, oats, and silver ferns. Drooping sprays of orange buds and blossoms and silver leaves hang be tween the festoons down to the second tier. Over each festoon is an orna mented scroll bracket from which hangs by silver wire a basket of orange blossoms, oats, maiden-hair and silver ferns. Filigree piping as before fin ishes off the top of this tier. Above this tier stands the Norman castle, with outer castellated wall four and a half inches high, containing a porticullis entrance, with turrets on each side. Inside are the moat and drawbridge, leading through a Norman doorway to a court, nine mid a half inches high, with Its three turrets and row s of windows. Further back is the keep, eighteen inches high and six inches in diameter, its fourteen windows overlooking the whole structure. At the very top is tho flagstaff nine inches high, floating the banner of the house. PECULIARITIES OF WATCHES. Boston Herald. Watches are peculiar. Yon can take two watch movements," made by the same firm and apparently in all re spects precisely alike, and yet one may run vastly better than the other ever will,, even with the most careful adjust ment. Queer, at first thought, isn't it ? The two watches, are made so closely alike that their parts are interchange able, and yet each has its own individ uality, as it were, and one is, as I have said, likely to be a markedly better timekeeper than the other. Why is it? Give it up. Its too deep for me. Per haps it's for the same reason that one of two locomotives, built in the same shops, from the same patterns, by the same workmen, under the same super intendent, and of the same materials as near as possible, will "steam" easier and do more and better work than its mate I suppose that it is impossible to make two pieces of machinery exactly alike. ATA Y NOT SPECIAL SENSES EXIST? Philadelphia Record. There is no reason why other animals may not have special senses which per ceivo some of theso vibrations, while they may lo totally unable to perceive some of those which make up our sen sations. Just as a blind man is ignor ant of blue and red, so may we be of the sensations of some of the lower animals. This is the more probable from the presence in many of them of organs which are evidently sense organs, vet which do riot "seem to answer to any that we have. Thus the line of pores along the side of a fish is a line of sense-organs that are not eyes ears or organs of smell; and it is more than probable that tho curious organs that have been described upon the antennaj of insects, may be the seats o Benses which we can have no idea of. A SAFE PROPHECY. New York Sun. Of all the prophecies of the end of the world the safest and slowest is the one made recently by the ghost of Mo hammed, at JVlecca which puts down this event for a date of 140 years hence To people accustomed to the short time allowances on this subject of a Miller, this prediction of tho spirit of Mo hammed will bo bosh ; yet some Mo hammedans are excited about it. plague and a cyclone are to bo fore runners of the end ; and if Egypt wil furnish the plague, America can easily produce the cyclone. NEW IDEAL OF THE SEXES. London Punch. She "What a fine-looking man Mr O'Brien is!" He "H'm hah rather rongh-hewn, I think. Can't saj that I admire that loud-laughing, strong- voiced, robust kind of a man. Now, that's a line-looking woman he's talking tor She Weil er somewhat ef feminate, you know. Confess I do no admire effeminate women !" HIS FIRST F1SIL "Oh, father,' he screamed, rushing in in ecstasy. "I caught the biggest fish ever was. He bit right on my hook." "But where is the fish, my child r "Oh pa, he just tin bit again and div 1" How Certain Animals Change Color New York Sun. "Is - the change a , physiological secret?" "Not at all. : We have woll-definod idea concerning it. In the first place, we know that many animals change their color at a moment's notice, espec ially fishes and reptiles. Among - the ormer the stickleback, perch, serra- nus and dolphin are the most remarka ble. In many this change is evidently made at the option of the fish. This is also true of the reptiles, " and now for he explanation. Here is a micro scopical section of a frog's skin. You see it consists of two distinct portions, the epidermis and the cutis. The for mer is made up of cells, while the latter contains nerves - fibres, fand '.cav ities for cell elements. . These cells are filled " with pigment or coloring matter, and are kuown as chromatophoses,and to their contrac- ion and expansion is due the coloring of varioW" animals, for all, from man down, have them, differing in color in different individuals and in various parts of the body. Different colors or degrees of intensity seem to cause a contraction or expansion of the cells. Tbui, in the gobins, the pigment cells, that are yellow when distended, as sume an orange-colored hue when con tracted, and the orange or red cells when sljrunk become brown or black, as the case may be. Now, when a fish that habitually lives on a white bottom passes on to a black one the change is conveyed by the eye to the brain, and telegraphed, so to speak, to the pigment cells by way of what are called the sympathetic nerves, and the change is produced. How do we know tilts ? By watching blind fish pass from one colored ground to another. In such a case there is no change at all. Tho eye is he medium, yet there is probably no intelligent appreciation on the part of the animal that the change has been made. The experiments with the sym pathetic nerves are very remarkable. By cutting one a fish has been shown spotted on one side and striped on the other, and, in fact, the coloring is at the will of tho skilled anatomist. The ano lis, our common southern lizard, that seems to take the place of the chame leon, is the most wonderful in its power of changing color, adapting itself to a variety of hues." Diamonds for Orills. fNew York Sun. ''Diamonds are comparatively cheap nowadays," a rock-drill manufacturer said, and the diamond-drills do not cost as much as they did." 'Are genuine diamonds used m these drills, or are they called diamond-drills because the steel has an extremely hard temper ?" the reporter asked. "Diamonds are used in the drills. They are chiefly one and two carat stones. At present they cost about S20 a carat. They are in the rough. The diamond set-bit is hollow. It is a steel thimble, having three rows of diamonds imbedded in it, so that the edges of those in one row project from its face, while the edges of those in the other two rows project from the outer and inner periphery respectively. The diamonds of the first mentioned row cut the path of the drill in its forward progress, while those on the outer and mner periphery of the tool enlarge the cavity." "How are the diamonds set in the bit?" The bit is of soft steel, in which holes are drilled. After the diamonds are fitted the metal is hammered against them so that they remain firm." Do the diamonds wear out? . "Their edges, which come in contact with the rock, get a little smooth, and then they are taken out and reset, so that a fresh edge is presented." "Have all the hollow drills three rows of diamonds?" "No. Some have only one row, but these are not very large. The diamonds stand out from the steel setting, so that the steel does not come in contact with the rock. "How are the diamond drills worked?" "By a rapid rotation, varying any where from 400 to a 1,000 revolutions a minute. There are different machines used for different kinds of drilling. Never Joke if Von Would be Great. Washington Critic When The Toledo Telegram says that "if S. S. Cox had nover made a joke he might be the next speaker of the house," it is only putting in sen tentious form which is heard in many forms all about Washington every hour nowadays. Why is it that a man who adds to great power and clearness in the discussion of great questions the ability to amuse as he goes along should be so underrated by the public? It is a singular fact, but fact it is: and always has been. Tom Cor win was probably the greatest man Ohio ever produced, but; because he could amuse as well as instruct he was always sneered at by the owls of politics as a "joker." It took two elections and a martyr's grve to give Abraham Lincoln any o'her reputation than that of a joker and story teller. . When Oliver P. Morton was starting in 1856 upon that wonderful career that made him one of the most conspicuous figures of the war period, he com menced by seeking to enliven that ex traordinary logical eloquenco (if such a term is admissible) possessed by him in such great degree by anecdote and witj ticism. lie-had a happy turn that way At Terre Haute, after a brilliant effort that commended itself to his followers, a venerable and famous politician took the young orator to task : "Young man, if yoa want to be re garded as a groat man, a great leader, never tell a story, never utter a joke ; look solemn and pound the table. Death to the Oyster. New York Letter. The oyster's most deadly enemy is the starfish. Near Bridgeport 4,000 acres of submerged land are now under cultivation, and the starfish is rapidly destroying the crop. In- three weeks the oysters on a tract of 100 acres have been killed by the "five fingers," as they are sometimes called, and an old oyster merchant has recently taken up 300,000 of the fish in seven hours dredging. A MORAL LESSON FROM A STRAY DOG. GathV Newport letter in The Enquirer. As we were moving on from lawn to lawn, having a glorious view of the sea, and seeing nobody whatever around these houses, a large Irish setter, as I supposed, came bounding toward us as if to resent the intrusion. . We paid no attention to him and he continued to bllow ns from place to place until he had . gone about a mile from where we originally saw him. He was a valuable dog and we wondered hat his accom panying ns meant. I suggested that perhaps the dog was trained to watch respassers and make them keep to the regular path. We finally left the sea cuffs and went up a lane. Then the dog disappeared back as he came and I said to my friends: " Now yon , see he had been trained like a shepherd's dog to accompany us and keep us in order." But in a moment or two back came the jlog, and he went along this ; lane with us? nearly a mH.c? tillRre came to a new house they were building where there was one of the most venomous looking bull-dogs I ever saw, a sort of hyena-striped fellow of tan and yellow. Ihis dog never growled, but walked right out of the gate upon the beauti ful setter, which had the soul of a woman, and immediately cowered back" to our feet ; then the big bull-dog came right upon ns and looked into our faces. He designed to make an attack on the setter and the setter had re sorted to ns for shelter, and we were poor shelter in the face of such a dog, and the dog looked at us like an old prize-fighter as if meditating whether he had better whip us all or accept our word for it that tho other dog might pass. We went on, and so the stray dog that might have been worth a hundred dollars, or as much as ahors3, followed us along Bellevue avenue and finally came into our hotel. We looked at each other and then at the dog, and the truth flashed upon us : That dog had been so petrified, so worried and re duced by the average human manners at Newport that perceiving strangers from the outer world with possibly some touch of nature in them he had come to us to find a reasonable master. FISHING AT THE WHARVES. New York Sun. Angling from old wharves doe3 not belong to a high order of the art, but it is interesting to watch the crowds that seem to enjoy this pastime. On one corner a fisherman may be seen stretched out fast asleep, with his head resting against a spile. His line is fastened with a couple of half hitches around his leg, and near his basket, as if for a display, two or three sea rob bers and a little flounder, the produce of six hours' industry, lie cooking in the sun. On one sido of him sits a portly German, with a fancy rod and reel, gravely engaged ia the work of winding up a crab, or possibly an old shoe, while on the other side stands the fellow that has a bite. He can be rec ognized on any part of the wharf, for he is sure to grasp his line with his two clenched fists, somewhat in tho position of a fighter watching his chance for an opening, while his eyes glisten and his mouth shuts in a resolute fashion. Then there i3 the man who doesn't expect to catch anything. He holds his rod care lessly, and looks the picture of despair. A more silent and orderly set of citizens it would be impossible to discover in any church. And yet they call fishing an exciting sport. So it may be some times; but where the precise charm lies that creates the passion for it even the learned philosophers in the Hod and Reel association or among the icthyoph agists have as yet been unable to point out with any clearness. The happiest fishermen are those who go down to the sea in ships. Their principal starting point is at Clifton, Staten island, where sailboats take them to the old wrecks on the Romer shoals and to other parts of the bay wrhere the fish have mass meetings. They generally hire the boats a day or two ahead, and start from the city the night before their excursion. That night is passed sometimes on board the boats, but usually in the boathouses, where they drink their lager, sing songs, and tell fish stories. Before dawn they get under way, invariably . have a race or brush down the bay, and before noon they are scattered all over the bay. THE AMERICAN WORKING MAN'S SPIRIT. New York Herald. The eight Russian women who re cently asked a New York judge to send them back to their native land, because they did not have to work as hard there as in America, called attention to a fact that hundreds of thousands of other J foreigners have discovered, often to their disgust. Artists complain that the workingman of American birth is not as picturesque as his European brother. How can he be, when he al ways works as if in a great hurry to get through? The American has no equal as a worker, but not because he loves toil or cannot restrain himself. The secret of his energy is that he has an object beyond the mere feeding and clothing of his family; ho wants, to better his condition. He knows that the majority of rich or prosperous men in this country to-day were once poor workingmen, and he believes that what man has done man can do. "Once a laborer always a Hborer" is the Euro pean rule, and men naturally grow list less under it; but the American laborer who never expects to occupy a higher position at work and in society is almost rare enough to be a curiosity. And the American spirit is . qmckly caught by all immigrants of the better sort, no matter how humble have been their circumstances at home. ALASKAN GLACIERS. Cor. Globe Democrat. In all Switzerland there is nothing comparable to these Alaska glaciers, where the frozen wastes riso straight from the sea, and a steamer can go up within an eighth of a mile and cruise beside them. Add to the pictures of high mountains and snowy glaciers a sapphire bay, scattered over with glit tering little icebergs, and nature, can supply nothing more to stir one's soul, to rouse the fancy and imagination and enchant the senses. A. Family Sapper Anions the Bohe mians. l"Nelse" In St. Paul Pioneer Press. These supper tables . are bo unlike anything ever found in America that a description may be of interest. At 8 o'clock the notes of a French horn call the family together to a table spread under the lindens of the park. Down from the woodland walks ontheMaraus skau, or from the rose gardens and gooseberry bushes. (Such gooseberries are never found in other lands great pulpy, jelly-filled, oval bulbs, the size of a pigeon's egg.) Well, from these corners the guests emerge, and we take our places under the lindens. We sit where we please, waiting, of course, until bur hostess has taken her place. There is nothing onthe table but the glass-shaded candles, a silver basket of schwarzesbrod (very brown bread), salt cellars and our plates. At a sign from the hostess supper is placed on the table by the servants, who immediately withdraw, with the excep tion of the oldest family servant, a sort of confidential steward, who remains to serve wine and beer. The menu is very simple, roasted meats or fowls, with French salads, or game with comtope, a weak, diluted form. of preserves, very little sugar, and a vast amount of water. The best of the repast is Pilsener beer and the baron's stories, and the fun of feeding the dogs, who go wagging their tails round the table begging for bones. They will lap up a saucer o! beer and evidently relish it, judging from the increased wag of their tails. When all have finished eating, beer and bread are placed on the table, the former in huge earthenware pitchers, the latter in square "chunks." Then the gentlemen light their pipes, and the ladies their cigarettes, and the perfume of the woodlands is lost in Turkish La takia. Nine o'clock is the hour for re tiring. Occasionally the young people steal away from the group at the supper-table, and wander off to the hill of silence, "Marausska," where tho fidl moon shines through branches of hem lock and weeping birch. Such nights as we have had since our coming to these northern hills repay us for all the losses we sustained during the summer on account of Austrian aristocratic eti quette. " An Interview with Jeff Davis. Cor. Indianapolis News. "Has your History of the War Deen a success Mr. Davis ?" I asked of him. "I know very little about it since putting it into the hands of the pub lishers. If the amount of money it has brought me is a criterion, I should say that it has not been successful." "Are you engaged in any similar en terprise now, and do you expect to give any more utterances upon the questions involved in the civil war ?" "None at all." "Do you contemplate ever making a tour of the north ? I have seen by the papers that such a trip was not improba ble." "When you see anything in the pa pers about me you can almost accept the contrary as the truth. I do not now ever expect to go north. I am living a quiet life, removed entirely from public observation. I receive numerous invi tations to make public addresses, but 1 habitually decline them, ry-n those coming from my own neighborhood. "What is the hope of the south ?' "Her vast timber regions, stretching from Pearl river east to the coast, al most as yet untouched ; her mineral re sources of almost unbounded value, and her rich soil," capable of producing almost everything that grows. At Birmingham, on the Louisville & Nash ville road, in Alabama, a great city has sprung up among the mines, and all through the south are evidences ol growth. Then the soil and climate are favorable for stock raising, and the south will coin money from this advan tage. The south is a great undeveloped quantity, but its importance will not re main long unknown." How Hherldan W an Onee Caught. Inter Ocean "Curbstone Crayons." Leaving the rooms whera Gen. Sher idan had been the recipient of so many honors the other night, an old resident of Chicago, said, as we reached tho sidewalk: I wish you would ask Sheri dan some time if he remembers one of the earliest informal receptions ever tendered him. Soon after Grant and Sherman had made their trips through the country about the close of the war, Sheridan dropped down on a certain state capital on business. He stopped over one train and started up street without any mark of his rank about his unpretentious military dress. Some ono recognized him, and instantly a crowd gathered on the street. Sheri dan made an attempt to dodge, and a cheer increased the crowd to hundreds. He then attempted to ignore the whole business, and walked hurriedly toward the state house. "Hundreds of people were at the doors as soon as he was, and they scampered through the corridors in advance of him and around him in a tumult of excitement. Sheridan burst into the governor's office with : 'What does this mean, anyhow ?' 'It means,' said the governor, 'that the people ot this city do not mean to be cheated out of their opportunity to testify their ap preciation of Gen. Sheridan's brilliant services.' And before Sheridan real ized what was being done the suite of rooms had been thrown open, and men, women and children were moving in orderly column , in at one side and out at the other, all eager to shake hands with the dashing general." The Higher Thing to Do. Inter Ocean. George McDonald was pretty near the right of it In urging the nobility of labor he says: "I would gladly see a boy of mine choose rather to be a black smith or a watchmaker or a bookbinder than a clerk. Production, making, is a higher thing in the scale of reality than any mere transmission, such as buying and selling." He believes In having boys educated to a trade. . It is said that the kind mothers in the east are grown so affectionate that they give their children chloroform previous to whipping them. Mr. Bcrgh is after the New York mil lionaires who pin butterflies to their dining-room bouquets. THE LUMBER OF THE PACIFIC. Cor. Inter Ocean, The lumber of the Pacifio coast will duplicate a hundred times the wealth of precious metals its mines have pro duced. It is difficult by simple descrip tion io give an idea of the extent and character of ; these forests. On the Columbia and Snake rivers we have seen a good deal of yellow pine, but the timber of Oregon and Washington is chiefly of fir, hemlock, cedar and spruce. The rivers of Washington are wooded with & heavier growth than those- further south. A sample acre on the headwaters of the Chehalis, which empties nto Gray's harbor, sixty-five miles north of the Columbia, was found to yield eigty-four fir trees, averaging 12,000 feet each, or 1,008,000 feet board measure of clear merchant able lumber. This specimen acre was measured by a New York lumberman who Mas "cruising" the country for a Baw mill site. He told me that the. heaviest timber was at the head of North river, which flows into Shoal water bay; between the Eauth of the Columbia and Gray V harbor. It is no unusual thing, he tells me, in this coun try to take 8,000,000 feet, board meas ure, from . a quarter section of land. They are over 200 feet high, and many of them seven feet in diameter. A HINT IN HAIR FROM THE JAPANESE. Pall Mall Gazette. The following details with regard to the hair dressing of Japanese ladies may be of interest in these days, and may help to elucidate much of the mys tery which always surrounds the mean ing of a Japanese picture. In Japan a girl at the age of 9 wears her hair tied up in a red scarf bound around the back of her head ; the forehead is left bare, with the exception of a couple of locks, one on each side. When she is of a marriageable age she combs her hair forward, and makes it up into the shape of a fan or a butterfly, and at the same time decorates it with silver cord and balls of varied colors. This means everything, and is fully understood by the young men of Japan. A widow who wishes for a second husband puts a tortoise shell pin horizontally at the back of her head and twists her hair around it, while an inconsolable widow cuts her hair short and goes in for no adornment of any sort. These last are very rare. By these simple means much confusion is avoided. A glance around a ball room suffices to tell the age and status of 'every lady in the place, and a great deal might be said for the introduction of such a custom into this country. A WORD TO THE UNWISE Lilian Whiting in New Orleans Times-Demo crat. The gift of 'enjoying life the sixth sense that draws one to beautiful things should really bo ranked among the most desirable of talents. When our forefathers solemnly incorporated into their Declaration of Independence the assertion that men were entitled to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness, they gave official recognition and em phasis to the importance of happiness as an element of national life. As a rule, we ignore this element too much. We are apt to consider happiness from a mistakenly-heroic and a Carlylian standpoint as "something man can do without. We seem to have an unde fined fee'ing that we are not doing our whole duty if we are happy. Nine-tenths of our anxiety, care, worry and fancied -trials is wholly use less, not that it is entirely without basis, but its realities consist of condi tions that can be dissipated and even ignored. Life is too short to waste on idle or unavailing regret. It is wiser to look up than down ; far better to look forward than backward and the life that holds itself in true polarity to hope, and cheerfulness, and sunshine is, in itself, the life of permanent and blessed success. WHA T IT MEANS ON THE FRONTIER. Cor. Boston Herald. Every railroad in the west has many a tale of murder and sudden death in its early history. Such tales are worth recalling to any one thoughtful enough to wish to realize what building a rail road into a new country really means. What does the ordinary traveler know of the sweat and blood that have made him a way? First came the brave en gineers, exposing themselves to all the dangers of field and flood and inclem ent skies, of Indians and beasts and bestial men ; then followed the half ani mal "navvies," or "chaws," with the at tendant horde of desperadoes, male and female, then a disorderly season of oc casional mixed trains, with less frequent shooting affrays and finally, yon and I step into our Pullman, take up our novel, and bowl smoothly along the lino with no more thought nor care than as if wo were traveling from Boston to New York. SALT AS A FOOD. London Lancet. Common salt is the most widely dis tributed substance in the body ; it ex ists in every fluid and in every solid ; and not only is it everywhere present. but in almost every part it constitutes the largest portion of the ash when any tissue is burnt. In particular it is a constant constituent of the blood, and it maintains in it a proportion that is almost wholly independent of the quantity that is consumed with the food, The blood will take up so much and no more, however muih we may take with our food ; , and on the other hand, if none be given, the blood parts with its natural quantity slowly and unwillingly. Salt, being wholesome, and indeed necessary, should be taken in moderate quantities, and abstention from it is likely to be injurious. 1 CARLYLE AND LA MR "Book Reviewer" in N. Y. Tribune. The contrast is worth remembering Carlyle, burly, selfish, vain, abusing every thing which did not exactly suit ins own peculiar tastes, whining and roaring continually about his dyspep sia and making life with it a burden to himself and every one about him Lamb, delicate, poverty-stricken, strug gling unceasingly with the demon of madness, with attacks of nervous fever ileeplessness " and depression, ve iheery, self-sacrificing and hopeful to the nour ol uis death. A Dinner off Diorseflesh. Paris Cor. Chicago Herali Upon the same wide boulevard, and nearly opposite, is found the Abbatoir Hippiqne, where horses are slaugh tered for food. A number of carts were in waiting labeled Baucherie Hippiqne, with the name and number of the street where the horse butcher may be found. On entering, the carcasses of twenty or thirty horses are to be seen, strung up in the usual fashion of beef for market When divided into quarters they are neatly trimmed and covered with clean, white cloths, and present a rather en ticeable appearance when one does not know they are hippophagi instead of bovi. About a dozen donkeys had been treated m the same manner, and 1 was assured they are esteemed much bet ter for food than their more showy and aristocratic relative, the horse. The animals are all inspected by an officer of the health department before being offered for sale, and those not fit for food are sent to the zoological gar dens to regale the dogs, bears, ostriches and other brutes imprisoned there. About a dozen living horses awaited their turn to minister to the exquisite taste for fine cookery so characteristic of the French. During the siege of Paris the inhabit ants found by woful experience that horseflesh could be utilized for food, and since that, time special restaurants have been established where roasts and ragouts are prepared with great care and served up in good style at much less prices than beef or mutton. The Grand hotel of this city provides an an nual dinner in great style, at which no other viands are served. Our prejudices vanish under the facts of experience. To verify the opinions of others I have partaken of the entertainments offered by the Cafe Hippiqne, and can certify that the viands served therein compare favorably with the flesh ordinarily indulged in by the human biped. You will say it is disguised by the refined methods of French cookery, so that any peculiar flavor is hidden under veget ables and sauces used m their prepara-' tion. Not so. Many of them were plain dishes, prepared by the ordinary methods of baking and broiling, and by positive experience I can testify that the viands thus served are most delicious. The- Eiessonof Peter Cooper's Life. The Century. "Observing him carefully for a long series of years, it appeared that certain parts of his nature were cultivated in tentionally, as the result of a wisdom which discriminated what was really worth caring for from what was not worthy of pursuit. Personal ambitions or selfish aims bj&d no weight with him, and disappointments and annoyances which would have left deep wounds with many, passed j off from him with scarcely an ; observation. Ho was most kind and loving; but if ho were usefully employed, no domestic loss or separation from friends seemod to touch his happiness- seriously. He spoke often of his preference for plain bving, and his habits were as simple as those of a child. Love of pomp or display never touched him in the slight est, and he had an innocent openness of character which concealed nothing. Never, under any circumstances, did he show a particle of malignity, revenge or meanness. If people disappointed him he passed over the wound it made and let his mind dwell on something more satisiactory. bwedenborgs phrase, 'the wisdom of innocence,' often occurred to my mind in observ ing Mr. Cooper. He knew what was wise, andto that his heart was given. Sensitive as any voung man in all works ofsympathy or kindness, the. mean and bad ways of the world fell off from his perception. "So his life passed in New lork and in Cooper Union, serene, happy and contented. With honor, love and obe dience, hosts of friends, he was an ex ample and encouragement to those who had not gained the quiet heights on which his inner self habitually dwelt." How Indians Capture Whlteflsh. Cor. ?7ew York Tribune.! The Indians on the Sault Ste. Marie have a peculiar method of capturing whitefish which abound in the rapids. Two Indians enter the rapids in a canoe, one occupying the bow and the other the stern, the boat's head being kept up stream by a paddle in the hands of the latter. The Indian in the bow stands upright and by the use of a loner nole keens the canoe stead v. A dip-net, four or five feet in diameter, and attached to a pole fifteen feet long, is in the boat, lying where it can be quickly and easily reached by the Indian in the bow. The boat is kept at the foot of the rapids by a wonderful displav of skill on the part of the Indian with the paddle, now holding it in one spot, now forcing it a little further up the stream, and now letting it float side wise, all at the signaling of the Indian in the bow who keeps a . steady watch on the water. It is rarely less than ten feet deep where they fish, and the In dian fishermen possess the power of seeing the fish as they appear at that depth in the rushing water. As soon as the Indian sees a fish he siezes the net by the handle and thrusts it savagely into the water, gives it a peculiar twist and jerks it to the surface, and never without some of the finest specimens oi whitefiBh, frequently as many six Two Indians in a boat of this kind will often take as many as 1,200 pounds of fish in a day. "" Xtrie-a-Brae. . Detroit Free Press. "You ought to see our moon said the young lady from Texas at the boarding house table. "Why, we have moon light nights all the time, not just once in a while, as you do here." There was a painful silence over this, and the empty boarder at the foot of the table called for more pancakes. ' And yon should just see our stars," pursued the fair astronomer. "They are much larger andjbrighter than yours and they look as if they were just pinned tvr but? oixj . - "We nail ours on," said the thirsty youth next to the milk-pitcher, and closed the discussion for the season. ' i Epitaph copied in a French cemetery ; I await my husband. 10th October, 1820." And below : "Hero I anil I 7th February, 1880.".