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- is issued ' . SATURDAY MORNINGS, BY THE Bellas County fobjishfog Company. ; THE nTDEPEITiDEITT FINEST JOB OFFICE IX DOUGLAS COUNTY. CARDS. BILL HEADS. LEGAL BLANKS. And other Ptiirtiii& Including Large ani Mu Posters ani susw Eanl-EUls, Xeatly and expediUou&l executed . AT PORTLAND PRICES. fl WRiilTOOTBiOITl n n V One Year - - - - - 2 50 Six Months .... . . l 50 Three Months - - - - - 1 00 fc-....-L5W):J gsj The re the term of tboe paring In Klr&nc. Th IHDXFXKOJCXT oflerg fine inducement to advertisers. Twrm ftatofiabte. , VOL.! VIII. ROSEBURG, OREGON, SATURDAY, MARCH 8, 188. NO. . 48. m fuTH TAP iJJ ill JXiLl!vJ u u PRACTICAL Watclmjaier, Jeweler ani ' Ojticiaii, ALL T70RK 7AnEA2IXEIX "1 Dealer 1 Watches. Clocks, Jewelry, Spectacles and Eyeglasses. A.XO A WVLL USB OF jj" Cigais, Tobacco & Fancy Goods. "i iiflW Th only reliabU Optotuer In town for the proper fcdjiut ment of SpecUole ; klwajrs on bVno. . - Dept of iha Genuias BrazUiaa Ftbbls Spec tacles aid Eyeglasses. t Office First Door South of PoatofSce, noRKBino. oixegox. r LiHTGEITBERG'S '. Boot cs n d 8hO0 Otore t It, ORIiGOX, ' " Oa Jaokioa Street, Opposite the Poet Office, 1 Kmi on hand th largest and beat assortment of Eastern and Ban Francisco Boots and Shoes, Gaiters, Slippers, - And Tarything In tb Boot and Shoe line, and SELLS CHEAP FOR CASH. Boots and Shoes Made to Order, and Perfect Fit Guaranteed. I use the Bigst of Leather and Warrant all my work. Btpairing Neatly Done, on Short Notice. I keep always on hand I TOYS AND NOTIONS. Musical Instruments and Violin Strings a specialty. LOUIS LAXOEXBERUt DR. m. W. DAVIS, Q DENTIST, ROHEBURG, OREGOX, Office On Jackson Street, Up Stairs, OverS. Marks &Co.'s New Store. IJAHONEY'S SALOON, Nearest the Sail road Depot, Oakland. JAB, HA1IOXEV, . . Proprietor The Finest "Wines, Liquors and Cigars in Douglas County, and THE BEST BILLIARD TABLE ii THE STATE, KEPT IN PROPER REPAIR. Partiei toweling on the railroad will find this place very handy to visit during the stopping of the train at the Oakland Depot. Give me a call. VJAS. MAHONEY. JOHN ERASER, Home Made Furniture, W1XBUB, OREGOX. npnni.sTm mm MiTTPEssps ftp... Constantly on l?nd. FURI1ITURE I have the Best STOCK OF FURNITURE I South l Portland. And all of my own manufacture. X Two Prlees to Customers, Resident of Douglas County are requested to give m a "call before purchasing elsewhere. ALL WORK WARRANTED. -' D E POT HO TEL, Oakland, Oregon. ' EICHARD THOMAS, Proprietor. This Hotel has been established for a num ber of years, and has become very pop ular with the traveling public. FIB3T-CLAS3 8LEEPDT0 ACCOMMODATIONS Table supplied with the Best the Market affords. Hotel at the Depot of the Railroad. H. C. STANTON, . ., -v DEALER IN .' "' Staple Bry Goods.- Keep constantly on hand a general assortment of Extra Fine Groceries, ; WOOD, WILLOW AND 6LASSWABE, AXSO y CROCKERY AND CORDAGE, A full stock of SCHOOL BOOKS, Such M required by tii Public County School. All kinds of Stationery, Toys 'and Fancy Articles, . TO SUIT BOTH YOUKU.. AND- OLD. . -V ' " - " Buys and Sells Legal Tenders, furnishes Cheeks on Portland, and procures ; . -. . . : Drafts on San Francisco. SEEDS! SEEDS ! ALL KINDS OF THE BEST QUALITY. - ALL - ORDERN Promptly attended to and goods shipped . " ' with care. Address, 1IACIIEXY A BEXO, Portland, Oregon. A baptism In hades' depth As hot as boiling tar Awaits the roan who quits a room And leaves the door ajan And he who softly shuts the door Shall dwell among the blest, Where the wicked cease from troubling And the weary are at rest. V : New York San. The Power of an L'nahackled Fress. (Roodhouse (I1L) Eye. -; The mud-hole in the north part of the city, to which The Eye called attention a day or o ago, has been fixed. OVER AND OVER AGAIN. Over and ovei'ajjain. ; "So matter which way I tain, - ' ' J I always find in the book of life Some lesson I hare to learn. - - - , I must take my turn at the mill ;' ' I must grind out the golden grain: I must work at my task with a resolute will. Over and over again The brook through the meadow flows, And over and over again The" ponderous milt wheel goes. Once doing will not suffice, V Though doing be not in vain; And a blessing failing us once or twice .May come if we try again. JIM HSK'S PALACE-CAR. Fitted L'p Regardless f JRxpensoand Xow Serving a a Wrecktns;Car. .. New York Sua. On a siding near the repair nshopa . of the New, York, Itake Eria & Western railroad Is an oldMcsr, bearSe sl side the legend, ''Tool-Oar." It is used to carry the wrecking gang of the Sus quehanna division and theirtoola. I was looking at the car, . recently, and one of the employes said: " . "I suppose yoil would be surprised if you knew to whom this car used to be long." i " Whose was it T' I asked. 1 ."This car, ' he replied, "has rather a remarkable history. When Jim Fisk wa3 president of the old Erie he had a car built for his own .private use, and it was named after Josie Mansfield. The car was built down in Delaware some where, I think,! and it cost a mint of money. When Fisk ordered it he gave only instructions to build him a car in which he could travel and enjoy himself. When it was finished and de livered, to Fisk, hie was so pleased with the v orkmanship that he immediately sent a check for $1,000 to the man who had designed the car and had charge of the work. The actual coat of the car was not far from $75,000, which in those days was an enormous sum for one car. It was fitted up throughout in the most luxu rious style. It was finished inside with oiled walnut and, cherry, and the panels were adorned with oil paintings, which alone cost a large sum. All the appoint ments of the car were correspondingly expensive. At one end Vere sleeping apartments and j dressing and toilet rooms, lhe remainder of the car was a traveling drawing-room. In those days the idea of taking meals on board a train was unheard of, but Fisk used to have wine and delicacies for lunch, atd hired a butler, whose special duty was to take care of the car wherever it went. 'In those days he used to do some pretty tall traveling. He had an en gine at his command, and when he wanted to go over the Erie he went fly ing along at a rapid rate, regardless of all other trains, which had to get out of the way. It was Fisk who ran the fast train over the Erie carrying beef to the sufferers by the Chicago fire. When he made up his mind to send out the re lief train he sent for Engineer Sam Walker, of Port Jervis, to come to his private office. 'Sam,' he says, 'I- wanfc you to run that train through to Port Jervis as quick as God will let you. If you are killed I'll look out for. the' wife and little ones Walker took the train through in the unparalleled time of two liours and ten minutes. Nat Taft, I think, took it over the Delaware divi sion. At any rate it was a tremendous run, and the Erie, beat them all into Chicago. ; "Fisk was a. great favorite with the railroad men. He always had a good word for us whenever he was around. When Fisk died the car was used by his successor for a while and afterward did some duty on the eastern part of the road. It afterward found its way here for repairs. ! When they came to look it over they decided that it would be-nseless jaSpense to repair it, and so, after lying on the switch for a year or two, it was turned into a wrecking-car, as vou now see it.f Havana by Night. New York Telegram. New and strange were the sights I saw as I passed, a la Haroun al Bas chid, through this city at night, with its far-off eastern air and multitude of Moorish buildings. Traders plied their wares under the gas lights, and Nubians and mulattoes, Creoles and Chinese passed by, The Creoles proper are the children of Spanish parents born here and their descendants, but the Creoles as generally understood in the United States are a mixed race of black and white." Scanty indeed was the raiment of the poorer classes, black and white, and the feminine element of the negroes were especially liberal in the display of their persons. But one gets used to it and excuses much' on the ground of heat. ! - Artists need not go to Algiers to find mulatto girls for j subjects. They are here in abundance, with all the voluptu ous play of form, the fierce, wild desert in their uncurbed glances, the deep, dark skin set off by the armlets and bangles of gold, j And here, too, are the little Spanish boys that Murillo loved to paint, with their close cropped shapely heads, their clear olive skin, bare 'legged and artistically tattered garments, and the glances half piteous and half humorous in their speaking eyes. And behold' Take off your hat and bow low, for there passes you the living realization in noble face and car riage, with no little of the spiritual ex pression in the j features, of many a virgin that the great Spanish master's while these courtyards, surely, that we whirl nast. with their branching Dalms a. ' w and spouting fountains, and marble col umns and massive stairways winding under tiers of terraces, are his also. Feather Cloth. A 'ew kind of cloth is being made in Lyons from the Idown of henf, ducks and geese. Seven hundred and fifty grains of feathers make one square me tre of a light ana very warm water troof cloth, which can be dyed in all shades. j i r , Amber Fields. Exchange. The area of amber fields of Prussia is nearlv fifty miles long by ten in breadth, and it is; reckoned that every twelve square feet of surface will pro duce a pound, the value of which ranges IIow, Matches Are Made. - fUtica Herald. Given the .' machinery, and the problem of match making is easily solved. With the aid of the apparatus which the Utica company has two or three men can turn out from 500 to 600 gross of sulphur matches per day. After the machinery has been set in motion the first step is to place a block in -the splint machine. With each movement of the knife twenty-five splints are out and at the same time stuck between two slats in the belt. They are then carried by the movement of the belt through the separator . and thence over heated pipes, to ( dry the timber sufficiently to allow the dipping mixture to penetrate About fifty feet from the starting point the belt passes tinder a couple of rollers, which pressed it just enough, to bring the. ends .of the splints in contact with the melted sol-phur;- ? wMdrls "contained in a pan vat and kept in a liquid state by the heat from a small furnace sunk in the floor underneath. A little farther on the belt is again depressed, and the tips of the splints are drawn through a black mixture, which gives them the finishing coat. From this point the matches (they have by this time attained that dignity) pass down the hall, still traveling as hitherto, at the height of about a foot and a half from the floor. At a dis tance of 200 feet from the starting point the belt takes an upward turn, and after ascending four or five feet the matches begin their return trip. Pass ing with the belt over the top of the iron framework, at an elevation of about seven feet, they come back over the splint machine, enter the room where the other machine is located, and are there knocked out. As they fall they are caught by a leather belt, which moves slowly and carries them to a table, where they are taken off by a boy, placed in trays made for the purpose and taken to the packing-room. The belt completes a circuit once in thirty minutes, and during the interval several thousand matches are finished. The match produced ia superior in quality, and will light readily on being drawn across the window glass. This is claimed to be a crucial test, and in ferior ones can not be ignited in this manner. On arriving at the packing-room the matches are - placed in small paper boxes, 100 in a box. The small pack ages are then packed in pasteboard boxes containing one-sixteenth or one eighth gross. A World Government of Canals and Cables. Demorest's Magazine. Count Ferdinand de Lesseps has re cently delivered a lecture before what is called the Five Academies, in which he enunciates an epoch-making idea. He insisted that the maritime highways should no longer be subjected to the vicissitudes of the active politics of gov ernments. Seas, straits, bosphbruses, and maritime canals must be freely open at all times, irrespective of all interna tional conflict. He said that the con struction of the Suez canal and the eventual construction of the Panama canal have effected the a new principle, which introduction ol is more impor- tant even than the execution of the works namely, a vast association of the capital of the world, which conduced to the solidarity of the interests of all nations. What a chance is here for our Ameri can government. Why should not this great peaceful republic call a meeting of all nations to act upon the subject of canals and cables? These ought to be owned and controlled by international commissions in which every commercial nation should have a representative. War ships or armies should bo kept away from international canals, and should not be allowed to vex the- com merce of the world. The cables should not be owned by private persons any more than the telegraphs on the land, but should be put in the control of all the nations of the earth in the interests of international commerce. These steps would be an entering wedge to put a stop to international wars. The Cost of Royalty. Chicago Tribune.! Mr. Molloy's book, "Courtship Below Stairs ; or, 'I he History of Lngland Under the Last Georges, ' has made a sensation. And its large sale may be taken as a proof of Mr. Uracliaugh s as sertion in Paris that the English re ptiblic is surely comings It has set one clever accountant thinking and investi gating with the result that he has ascertained that the house of Hanover, its mistresses, panderers, debauchees, and procuresses, have cost England more money than has been spent on its public schools since the death of Queen Anne. Foreign Emigration Figures. The North German Gazette quotes some official Italian statistics to show that, despite the lamentations of the Liberals as to the formidable dimen sion8 of the emigration from Germany, the empire in reality is better off in this respect than most other European states, m proportion to its population. Taking the figure of population at 100, 000, Norway, within the last five years, sent away the highest number of emi grants viz., 963, Sweden 615, Great Britain 587, Denmark 317, Portugal 290, Switzerland 252, Germany (seventh on the list) 251, Italy 148, Austria 40, and France 10. ,From these figures it is also deduced that the maximum of emigration in each of these countries was generally attained in the same year, The Hymn He W anted. f Exchange. They say that at a prayer meeting in Westfield, Mass., the other night, a good brother rose and said he "wanted to hear sung that beautiful hymn, 'Spilt .Doors." livery one looked at every Doay eise in perplexity a moment, and il . - l S A Tl -i . men a quicK wuiea Bister struck up "Gates Ajar," which was what the good brother wanted. B right and. Gladstone. Exchange. John Bright makes notes and head ings of his speeches, and with gTea care writes down and commits to mem ory all the important passages. Glad stone merely jots down facts and fig ures, and for expression trusts entirely to the moment. THE CITY OF PULLMAN. An Outlay of Sft,M&,OttOA Model Town... How 4 Good Order Is He. eared.' Chicago Letter ixr New York Sun. It may well be asked, if Mr. Pullman isjnot too modest, or if he does not do himself an injustice when he asserts that sentiment has had nothing to do with his great work. The city of Pull man, as it stands, represents an oatlav of; about $6,000,000. All the buildings m the place are owned by the company. Nobody: else can obtain possession oi them for the reason that thev are not for sale. They are rented to anybody of good character for sums calculated tq return 6 per cent, on the investment. bo many houses were built at one time they were, of coarse, put up much cheaper than they could have been con structed" one by one The rents are, therefore, much less th$V those asked for houses equally good in the city; or even in ne:ghboring towns. To supply scj large a population with religious and educational facilities became the duty of the founder of the town, as well as to provide for stores and mar kets. A fine schoolhouse was bujilt, arid teachers were employed. A-costly church was erected. The Arcade and market place were built, and the churoh arid stores offered for rent. Mr. Pull man knew that the church was a better one than any new society could afford to; occupy. He built it expensively, hefwever, for he believed that a congre gation would be found able to pay for it.) The rent is $50 per month. It has not been taken yet, but there are several church organizations, and there is con siderable rivalrv anions' them as to which will obtain the prize. If other churches are needed they will be built by the company. Feeling that the town would attract a I good many visitors, Mr. Pullman bnilt the hotel. It is owned and man aged by the company, its landlord, so called, being merely an employe. The fire department is owned and operated in jthe same way, as also are the livery stable, the theatre, the public library, and every fixture of the town. A stranger arriving at Pullman puts up at a hotel managed by one of Mr. Pull man's employes, visits a theatre where all the attendants are in Mr. Pullman's service, drinks water and burns gas which Mr. Pullman's water and gas works supply, hires one of his outfits from the manager of Mr. Pullman's livfery stable, visits a school in which the children of Mr. Pullman's em ployes are taught by other employes, gefs a bill changed at Mr. Pullman's barik, is unable to make a purchase of ani kind save from some tenant of Mr. Pullman's, and at night is guarded by a jfire department every member of which from the chief down is in Mr. Pidlman's service. Everything is first class in its way. The library has 10.000 volumes, and is the personal erift of Mr. Pullman. The theatre, which, like the library, is in the second story of the Arcade building, is one of the most ele gantly arranged places of amusement in the world. Its prices are reasonable,- and it is open to dramatio and literary entertainments of the best class onlv. During the first six months that the library was open 76 per ceit. of the be taken out were on histor ical,4)iogutpa.cal, or scientific subjects. Although the city has a population of 7,000, it has no government save that which is exercised in common over the entire township, county and state. In other words, there is no corporate gov ernment. No arrest -has ever b?en made within the Pullman trat There are no policemen or constables: no justice's court, no aldermen, no .public functionaries of any description. i fHow in the world do you govern these people?' is a question often asked of Mr. Pullman. "We govern them," he says, "in the same way a man governs his'house, his stojre, or his workshoj). It is all simple enough, when you come to look at it." $o it seems." A man going there to live applies for a hoasa to the superin tendent, who draws up a lease which may be cancelled by either part on ten days' notice. The company will not disturb him if he is a good citizen, and he may keep .his house as long as he pleases, providing he does aot sell liquor. On the other hand, if he is dissatisfied aud wishes to leave he can do so at any time, and is not encumbered . with a lease running a year or more. Not liquor is sold in the town. The only lawj against it, however, is an unwritten one; whereof Mr. Pullman is the author. To j provide healthful amusement and recreation for the people Mr. Pullman hasl fitted up handsome boat-houses on Lake Calumet, and tLis beautiful tody of Iwater is nightly covered with boat loads of pleasure seekers. There are niahy organizations cmocg the work ingmen, including a debating society, a literary association, a brass band, a base ball club, and others. It is the desire of Mr. Pullman to encourage all these as much as possible. He feels the! need of a newspaper in the town, and intends soon to establish one. it will be edited and managed by hiseui ploVes. He has no selfish purpose in establishing this journal, his sole mo tive1 being to give his people the news at little expense, and afford them cer tain amusement. He thinks also, since thev have organized so many societies, that it will be very entertaining and in structive to them to have their proceed ings reported, t Got It Mixed. fExchanflre.l Waxahachie. Texas, school children heard of the.. Gause insurrection and gotjit mixed with the "resurrection." Thev toLl their teacher that the negroes "htui rose from the dead to kill the white people down at Uause. .'Helping Him Out. . From the French. Yesterdav, m a pharmacy English, enters a young man blonde afflicted of a i--. . . . iir a n horrible stuttering. i wa-wa-wani, savB he, "some p-p-p-pills of ip-ip-ip-ip" X" Hurrah 1" cries himself the phar macist impatient ed. the mo jt polite woman we ever saw was the young lady who would not peer into the mirror because, as she said, it was very rude to look right into one's face. llan and Woman In Mexico. -,' t Cor. San Francisco Chronicle. ' : It is an archaic community, that in which we find ourselves. Each lover has his lass; and though the Mexican girl is ever faithful, ever true in word and in deed, to her love, yet the Mexi can man is not true, true neither in sen timent nor in his acting. He is a born flirt, a flirt of the most disorderly kind. He flirts with any and every body be fore the eyes of his betrothed and be hind her back but woe to her should she repay her lover and her husband in the same coin. ' I am as jealous as a dog," will some great hulking fellow declare without shame, "and should any one flirt with you I would cut his throat." And would he? Yes, if he were a weak, inoffensive mortal, he would ; but other ise, no. With all his jealousies, all h s little faults, the Mexican is a gentleman in the cour teous meaning of the word. But he is jealous of the "gringo," jealous of : his fair skin, light hair; and blue eyes jealous because he knows that his dark featured country-women admire the fair stranger, and for this reason is very careful to guard them against forming any friendship; not that her parents would let her get in so close proximity as to prove dangerous. And what a life is that which the Mexican girl leads. , She has no aims, no amb.'tiun. When she arrives at marriageable age she marries, and then she becomes a slave to her hus band, to her children and to the house. She attends , church once or twice a week, and, if very religions, goes every day. She even loses the desire to look pretty, even forgets to put powder on her face, and her waist forgets the much-needed pressure of the. corset. In fact, there is no place for her in the gen eral bustle. She can emerge again from her retirement when she has daughters old enough to need her as duenna. But alas, now she is forgotten. She is bedraggled, dirty and limp, crushed and broken. Her husband is a free man. Heca rouses with the rest of them. He flirts with the young girls, and comes home, perhaps, intoxicated and warlike. But she is uncomplaining. He flaunts it in shiny broadcloth, small boots big col lars and big head of hair. She in dirty, old, patched gown, worn-out shoes, and, perhaps, stockingless. Ther is little of poetry, little of pleasantness, little of the intercourse that improves and cul tivates in the ordinary Mexican house hold. And t'.ie woman is not inferior; she is superior. She it is who will endeavor to make things look cheery when the aspect is gloomy. But will she ever take her place as man's help meet, as his equal ? Grant on Exhibition. York Letter. Speaking of men worth looking at, Gen. Grant has been on view in the Academy of Design.. The Occasion was the opening of an art exhibition in aid of the Bartholdi statue of liberty fund. This 150-foot woman of bronze needs a pedestal as high as herself to stand on. I renebmen a contributions are making her, and sho will arrive here next spring. Americans have been persist ently importuned to provide the money for completing the base, and this show is one of the means to that end. Hun dreds of rare art objects have been loaned, and Grant was asked to be a living curiosity, long enough to formally pen the exhibition. A fashionable crowd gazed at him interestedlv. He lives among lis New Yorkers, it is true, but he does not ordinarily gc labeled, and- his personality is not striking enough to cause general recognition. As he appeared in the Academy, there was not a trace of his militarv training visible. He was always rather short, and au increase of fat has rounded his shoulders. His hair and beard have be come very gray, and he wears both trimmed closely. The invitations to the ceremony had enjoined the gues' s to come in evening dress, but Grant s cos tume had neither civilian nor soldierly f ashionableness. His coat Was not a swallow-tail, nor even the " double breasted frock of morning occasions, but one of those long-skirted, smooth broadcloth things that inevitably make a man look rural, it sagged in front, because left unbuttoned, and it strained across the back of his neck -o that a ridge of his fleshiness bulged over the collar. He provided entertainment for eyes only, except to the few ears that were within two yards of the little plat form on wmcu he stood while-, making a very brier spaech. Mis utterance was so low as to be wholly inaudible to the rest of the assemblage. Parts Pavement. Cor. St. Louis Globe-Democrat The paving of the streets of Paris is like evervtlvjng else here, a work of art. Noisy stone pavements are few. The principal thoroughfares are paved with either wood or asphalt. In the summer time an army of men are placed at short intervals plying the hose, thus keeping the dust, the chief ingredient of the ob noxious mud, subdued. As soon as the rains begin the regiment changes " arms," and brooms are the order of the dav. What dust has by some mira ole escaped the inundations of the hose and is joyously forming with the rain, that dreaded chemical compound so prevalent in almost ill cities, is ruth lessly swept into the. gutter and carried away in carts. Just where I have never been able to find out. However, a little does escape the fury of the broom, and that little by the aid of unfeeling cab men. is spread over an indescribable amount of surface. A shrill ery o "gar-n-r-r" by the unfeeling one jump from under the horses hells by the victim, and the belle s snowy skirts as well as the mirror-like boots of the self-satisfied dandv, undergo a sad metamorphosis. A -High Old Time." f Philadelphia Call. "Mercy on me! Edith, do stop tha horrid 6lang." "Whv.I have not used any slang. You know I never do ""iou did just now." "Surely you must be mistaken." "I am not, for with my own ears I heard you say something just now about 'a high old time. " Oh, is that all? I was referring to Mrs. Wrhim's new purchase, an antique clock worth $500." "Id va beddher, mine friends, you don.d feertoo big. RICH MEN'S CLOTHES. Vanderbilt, Gonld and Field as Dudes of Mild Degree. 2few York Journal The other day a reporter "Invited a distinguished haberdfer to give him some information on 4e dress vaga ries of his custopj&'s. Hi said : u Wo. n. anaeroin, i.e unnajonty of men in civilized communities, wears neck ties, but he sticks to the same scarf a ong time. His collars, however, are changed every day. He pays from $5 to $10 each for his shirts, except those for ordinary wear, which, it is said, he buys very cheap, at pnoes ranging from 55 cents to $1. While deprecating the great railway king for patronizing the cheap-shirt trade, we must admire his economy, lie never wears a dickey, and his underwear, including half-hose, is silk, with an occasional changeHo bal bnggan by way of variety. In the matter ol iejfelry -William ia exceed-" ingly simple. He would not be ashamed fasten his cuffs with a pair of un bleached bone collar-buttons. "Very eccentric in his dress is Cvrus W. Field. His outer garments, espe cially in the winter time, are remarkable or their bad fit. Particularly true ia this of his overcoat, i He has it finished off with a fur collar. He revels in well worn gloves. Field's liDen is of the finest aualitv. and ha indnltren in cn!1 j . o o Btuds of. phenomenal proportions. . His avorite collar is a stand-up all around. and his tie a straight end, which he ad- usts very carelessly. Field, if he wished, would make a first-class dudo. but he lacks style about the leg'. "Jay Gould dresses with taste and without ostentation. His shirts .are well made and fit like a glove. He has a weakness for fancy underwear, but ad heres to the plainest kind of suspend ers. Just at present he affects a pair of white pique braces, which are very becoming to las style of beauty. Jay was the fir6t man" to appear in the street' with the new style of scarf called the Teck.' i He puts on a new one, generally black, every day. Ife once remarked that the separable style cuff-button had saved twenty years of his life. "Russell Sage is so erratic in his style of dress that it is rather difficult to describe. He dotes on fine goods. especially in fancy handkerchiefs. The ancier thev are the better he likes them. I had one woven to his order. bearing a picture representing a bull chasing"a bear dressed in a red uniform. have often had . occasion to note the perfection with which Sage fastens his ong black tie. "Sidney Dillon's great weakness is socks. He dotesSN ancy half-hose. I always keep a good supply of pink and yellow eflects for lam. ThomaN X an fit Trouble. New York Cor. Chicago News. r Th : "Nast," is in the dumps. The true inwardness of rsast s trouble with George William Curtis, editor of Har per's Weekly, has never come to light, but certain it is that the world's great est cartoonist finds no place for his sketches in the paper his genius made famous. His contract with the .Harpers is for $10,000 a year for -life, and he draws $2,500 every quarter with unfal tering regularity. I understand that he sends his sketches to Harpers promptly every Monday afternoon, aud they are promptly put in a dark pigeon-hole. The Harpers will not use them, nor will they give up the contract, aud hence Artist Nast is in a queer position. Ho is now acting as secretary of the Mann Boudoir Car company, with an office on Cortlandt street, near-Broadway. His friends say he is unhappy and aging very fast. Funny, isn't it, that a man with $10,000 a year for life should be unhappy. If some people had the earth, and it fenced in with barb-wire, they would still be unhappy. The 0.nieksil'er Indnstry. Exchange. Of late years California has supplied more than half of the quicksilvei con sumed in the world. Only two coun tries of Europe produce it in sufficient quantities to deserve ; mention m com mercial roport Spam , and Austria. The Spanish mine.s are located near the town of Almaden, province of Mancha, and yield about four-fifths of the entire production of Jbnrope, while the Au trian mines, located near Idria, and the minor mines mentioned, produce the other one-fifth. Quicksilver is carried and shipped in wrought iron flasks of twentv-five pounds, coata'ning seventy-five pounds of the metal. Pi ice throughout Ett rope are always given in English money, and the quotations invariably refer to the flasks described. " The consumption of quicksilver in the world has averaged 133,000 flasks per year. The principle uses to which quioksilver is applied are: Meteoro logical and other scientific instruments. chemical preparations; looking- glasses and mirrors. 4 The White House. 1 The White Honso was first built in 1792, at a cost of $330,000. It was not occupied until 1800. It was rebuilt in 1 81 ft. Its porticos were not finished un til 1829. Altogether, it is computed to have cost, for building, rebuilding and furnishing, about $l,7i0,0(M). The whole structure has a frontage of 170 feet and a depth of 68 feet, and its vestibule is 50x40 feet. 1 he garden and park. which enc'o.se the mansion oecupy twenty acres. The cabinet room, 40x30 feet, is on the second floor. The W hits House was modeled after the palace of the duke of Leicester. Gone -Wet" or "Dry." I Chicago Herald. South Carolina has a local option law which applies to incorporated cities, towns and villages. When a place votes in favor of prohibition it is said to have gone "dry," and when another votes for license it w said to have gone "wet More than twice as many towns have gone dry as have gone wet." Easily Please. - Courier-Journal. Washington Irving once told mother to teach her daughters to be easily pleased. Since then, judging from the sort of beaux the girls pick eut, it would seem that nearly every mother s daughter has been taught to be easily pleased. A FORTUNE IN DIRT HEAPS. How ".XiggerDlck Made IZis Money Trade Secrets of a Boss- Scaven ger. Philadelphia Times. ; . After passing through a large lot, which appeared to Lc a potato patch, tne reporter reached the dwelling with out adventure, other than the barking of several vicious little curs at his heels during the trip. The outside of the dwelling gave no promiso of the re puted riches within, being simply an unpretentious whitewashed shanty, through the chinks in the door of which streamed the light.' A ' knock at the door was answered by an invitation to "Come in." The rich man. was seated at the supper table, which was laden with corn bread and bacon. ' ' "Does Nig that is, does Colored Richard live here?" was asked. "Yes, sah; yes, sah. I'm 'Nigger Dick'i, leastwise i that's whnt dey call me, tho' my name is Spriddal, sah ; John Spriddal. - Take a cheer, sah. Git up dar, chile, and gib de gentleman dat cheer. 'Scuse me fer not risin, but I'm troubled wid do rheum atizrheu- matiz in bof my feet. An' ter what, sah, am I ter 'tribute dis social wisit ? ' "It is said that you have realized a nice little fortune out of the ash-dnmps of which you have had charge, and I woijld like to learn something of the business." "Yes, sah; I see, sah. Thinking ob dat line yo'self, sah?" " I . ! J il. - i 1 1 . visitor no prospective rival in the profits of his business, Dick continued: "Well, sah, Tve folly'd the profession about fou teen year and hev done tol'able well. In dat time I hev scraped toged- der eight or nine little properties, and hev some little savin's in de bank all out of dust and dirt. The wav de busi ness is done is dis : You hearn of some one that owns ground dat he wants filled in. You goes to him and asks : Can I hab charge of de dump?" It don't cost him nothin', and you must see to keepin' de dump level and only de right sort ob dirt is put m. Den I goes to de men who is haulm' ashes and other like things that is always bein' moved away and tell dem dat dey kin dump at my dump, Den I gets my men, and what is hauled there is care fully picked over, and what we get out is my pay for superintendin' de job. I pay my men $1 a day mostly, but some times work !em on shares. Almost ev erything is f ound in dese cart-loads of dirt. I've found money an'-iewelrv such as breast-pins, lockits, charms, and sleeve-buttons an' silver money an' greenbacks. A short spell ago I found a $10 bill in some ashes. But the prin cipal things, of course, is rags, bones, brass, bottles, tin cans, and old boots and shoes, and the like, and dey all pays well. I sells dem to dealers. For a boots and shoes is worth' 10 cents a barrel." "What is done with the boots and shoes?" "I don't know dat, sah. I sells dem down by Gray's ferry road, but could nebber lam what was done wid dem dar. De tin cans is sold to a place where de solder is melted off, and then they go to the chimical works. The rags brings me from I to 10 cents a Found. So, you see, out of five dumps have charge of, the business can be made to pay a Iivm' for a plain, unas sumin' family like me and the children." "How many men uu you employ at each dump?" . Jt rom three to ten ; it s accordin' to the pickin's." f And are they mostly colored men ? "No, sah P was the indignant re sponse, dey is mos ly I-talians and sich trash. Good night, sah ; look out for de dogs. Here, you, Sam I go wid de gintleman and keep de dogs off." Railroad Prominence. New York Cor. Pioneer Press. "Did you ever observe," said a gen tleman this week, who keeps a sharp eye on tne newspapers, how favored railroad men are in the columns of the daily papers from New York to San Francisco ? There is no paper of prom inence that gives less than one to two columns daily to railroad affairs. In the little paragraphs with which these close the names of officials of various roads appear from day to day in con nection often with most trivial matters. Take it here in St. Paul, for instance. I suppose there are possibly 100 railroad men drawing salaries ranging from $1,500 to $10,000, whose names get into print at least once a week the year round, i There are 20,000 men equally important in one way and another, who are lucky if their names average one newspaper appearance in a year. . I really doubt if it is justice or good management to shut so large a class of people as farmers, for instance, out of the daily and weekly papers for the sake of so much unimportant railroad news." . . . ' . .. - Early Louisiana "Uombj," Magazine of American History. The old colored nurse, the creola "mammy" was the ideal servant a cood cook, a thoronch nurse, a second mother to the children, but teaching them to prattle a horrible jargon, sometimes called "gombo," and again, ''creole." The negro lingo of Virginia is classical compared with the jargon of the Creole negro. Whether it was that French was a language too difficult for their tongues, or whether it was due to the presence of so many negroe brutes, wild negroes of African birth, in the colony, cannot be said; it is only known that they spoke a distinct patois another language from their masters, made up of about equal parts of French and Affican words, and absolutely in comprehensible to an ordinary French man. The whole gibberish contained but a few hundred words and was without tense, mood, or grammar One word did duty for a hundred, and the very animals and trees were without distinct ive titles, because the language was not rich enough to give them names. Goethe: Holdfast to the present. Every position, every moment of -life, is of unspeakable value as the represent ative of a whole century. .. , Half a loaf is, no doubt, better than none, but a woman neve? gets a chance to loaf at alL from 8d up 1 sterling.