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.13 ISSUED SATURDAY MORNINGS, '. BY THE Douglas County Publishing Company. THE niDEPEETDEIIT HAS TEX FIN EST JOB OFFICE IN DOUGLAS COUNTY. C1SDS, BILL HEADS, LEGAL BL AXIS, One Year Six Months -Three Months $2 60 1 50 1 00 And otbsr Printing inrfmMny . Large ail Eeaiy Pesters aai lm Hail-Bills, LU I! VI . l)l T&rL Al LU ' LU LA i LU LAI H U II JUUU JU O O U JU JLAV JUJM II JU JL JU JU X JL J ; : : Neatly and expeditiously executed AT PORTLAND PRICES. KALAKAUA'S KINGDOM. These are the terms of those paying in adranoe. The Independent offer fine inducement! to advertisers. Terms reasonable VOL. IX. ROSEBURG, OREGON, SATURDAY, MAY 24, 1884. NO. 7. PRACTICAL WatGhmater, Jeweler ana Optician, ATT TIT AT TT XTT T T T?T Dealer In Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, Spectacles and Eyeglasses. " AND A FULL MNE OF Cigass, Tobacco & Fancy Goods. Th ouly reliable Optomer in town for the proper adjust ment of Spectacles ; always on hand. Deptt of the Genuine Brazilian Pebble Spec tacles and Eyeglasses. Office First Door South of Postoffice, R08EBIRG, OREGON. LANGENBERG'S Boot and Shoe Store On Jackson Street, Opposite the Post Office, Keeps on hand the largest and best assortment of Eastern and Man Francisco Boots and Shoes, Gaiters, Slippers, Aad everything In the Boot and Shoe line, and SELS CHEAP FOR CASH. Iloots and Shoes Made to Order, and Perfect Fit Guaranteed. I use the Best of Leather and "Warrant all my work. Repairing Neatly Bone, on Short Notice. I keep always on hand TOYS AND NOTIONS. Musical Instruments and Violin Strings a specialty. LOUIS LAXGEXBERG. DR. m. W. DAVIS, (33 DENTIST, ROSEBURG, OREGON. Office On Jackson Street, Up Stairs, Over b. Marks & Co. s JSew btore. MAHONEY'S SALOON. 7 Nearest the Bail road Depot, Oakland. JA8. MA1IOXEY, ... Proprietor A lie iinest Wines, Liiquors and Cigars in Douglas County, and THE BEST BILLIARD TABLE IN THE STATE, KEPT IN PROPER REPAIR. Parties traveling on the railroad will find this place very handy to visit during the stopping of the train at the Oakland Depot. Uive me a call. JAS. MAHONEY. JOHN FBASER, Home Made Furniture, AVILBUR, OREGOX. UPHOLSTERY, SPRIHG MATTRESSES, ETC., Constantly on hand. FURNITURE. I have the Best STOCK OF FUItXITURE South ef Portland. And all of my own manufacture. Xo Two Prices to Customers. Reidetits of Douglas County are requested to give me a call before purchasing eisewnere. ALL WORK WARRANTED.' DEPOT HOTEL, Oakland, Oregon. RICHAED THOMAS, Proprietor. This Hotel has been established for a num ber of years, and has become very pop ular with the traveling public. FIRST-CLASS SLEEPING ACCOMMODATIONS AND THE Table supplied with the Best the Market affords ' Hotel at the Depot of the Railroad. H. C. STANTON, DEALER IN Staple Dry Goods, Keeps constantly on hand a general assortment of Extra Fine Groceries, WOOD, WILLOW AND GLASSWARE, ALSO CROCKERY AND CORDAGE, A full stock of SCHOOL BOOKS, Such as required by the Public County Schools. All kinds of Stationery. Toys and Fancy Articles, XO MVIT BOTH TOCNG AND OLD. Buys and Sells Legal Tenders, furnishes Cheoks on Portland, and procures Drafts on San Francisco. SEEDS! SEEDS! SEEDS! ILL KINDS OF THE BEST QUALITY. ALL ORDERS Promptly attended to and goods shipped with care. Address, IIACIIEXY A BEXO, Portland. Oregon. SNOW AND SUN. ' Mortimer Collins. Fast falls the snow, O lady mine I Sprinkling th3 lawn with crystals fine; But, by the gods, we won't repine, While we're together. Well chat and rhyme, and kia and dine, . Defying weatner. So stir the fire, and pour the wine! And let those 2a-green eye3 divine Pour their love madness into mine I I don't care whether 'Tis snow, or sun, or rain or shine. If we're together. 'TWERE BETTER. ' Jean Ingelow. " If to reflects light that Is divine Makes that which doth reflect it better seen, And if to see is to condemn the shrine, Twere surely batter it had never been; It had been better for her jaot to shine, And for me not to sing. Better, I ween, For us to yield no more that radiance bright, For them, to lack the light than scorn the light i Build the more stately mansions, O my soul, As the swift seasons roll ; Leave thy low vaulted past; Le. each new temple, nobler than the last, Shut thee from heaven with a dome more vast, ! . Till thou at length art free, Leaving thine outgrown shell bv life's unre sisting sea. O. W. Holmes. But of all plagues, can send, i good Heaven, thy wrath Save, save, oh friend. save me from the candid George Cbannin. Cocoa and Chocolate. Glasgow Herald. Many drinkers of these pleasant bev erages are "unaware as to the method, by which the cocoa seeds are obtained. Cocoa, or cacao, is extracted from tbe seed of small trees of the genus theo droma, which, when cultivated, grows from twelve to eighteen feet high, but to a higher elevation in their wild state. The flowers are small and cluster on the branches and trunk, the matured fruit appearing as though artificially attached. Out of each cluster only one pod. is j allowed, to mature, and this when j full grown is from seven to ten inches long by three to four inches wide. The five cells contain each a row of from five to ten seeds embedded in a pink, acid pulp, the cocoa bean. The ; tree is indigenous to Mexico, but it can be cultivated . within the twenty-fifth parallels of latitude, and thrives at any elevation under two thousand feet, but it requires a rich soil, a warm, j humid atmosphere, and protection f rOm cold winds. The trees are propagated from seeds in a nursery until they attain a height of from four teen to eighteen inches, when they are transplanted j and carefully sheltered by planting .other trees about them. They commence to bear about the fifth year, but do not attain maturity until the eighth, and continue yielding fruit for nearlv half a century. There is no special time for harvest ing the crop, as the trees continue bear ing all the time, flowers and fruit in all stages being curiously borte on the same tree. But in Venezuela the prin cipal gatherings are in June and De cember. Chocolate is generally made from jthe finer varieties of cocoa seeds, and was a favorite beverage in Central America long before Columbus discov ered the new world. As at present prepared, chocolate is made in cakes, while cocoa is usually sold in powder, flakes, or nibs. The constituents of the average cocoa seed are as follows : FaL cocoa butter,32 ; nitrogenous compound, 20; starch, 20; cellulose, 2; theobro mine, 2 ; saline substances, 4 ; water, 10 ; cocoa red, essential oiL 10. Bis Engineering .Schemes. Demorest's Monthly. In their anxiety to profit by the com- m a n i 1 merce between Asia ana Europe, tne English are talking of. realizing C-apt. Eads' novel scheme of a railway to con vey ships overland from one harbor to another. The author of the successful jetty system at the mouth of the Miss issippi proposed this scheme as a sub stitute for the canal which De Lesseps engaged to construct through the isth mus of Panama. Engineers say that Capt. Eads' proposition is entirely practicable. i bteainers and ships could be hoisted to the cars on one side of the isthmus and conveyed by steam power, to be launched again on the other side. This would be even more practicable on the lo.v -lying sands of the isthmus of Suez than in the more mountainous regions of Central Amer ica. But other schemes are also pro jected involving still greater engineer ing difficulties. Scientific men are now investigating a project for building a great Palestine canal, or rather two connecting canals, one commencing in the bay of Acre, to connect the I Mediterranean with the northern end of the valley of the J ordan ; the other making use of the depr.esed gorge of that river and the Dead sea, ending in the Red sea. This is said to. bo entirely feasible, and the youth is probably living who will take ship in an American steamer to carry him across the Atlantic, through the Mediterranean and then ov r an artificial waterway, where from the deck of a vessel he can look out upon scenery associated with the marvelous sacred records of the Jewish theocracy and the Christian church. j Feeding the Brain. Boston Journal of Chemistry. The importance of the brain as a working organ is shown by the amount . of blood it receives, which is propor tionately greater than that of any part of the "body. One-fifth of the blood goes to the brain, though its average weight is only one-fortieth of that of the body. This fact alone would be sufficient to prove that brain workers require more food, and even better food, than mechanics or farm laborers. A ' Xew lastime. Cbicaro Tribune. Down south a no ,v and unique pastime has been invented, which is known as the melon coi.test. A large watermelon is picked out and placed in some shop window, with the announcement that a prize, generally a watch and chain, will be given to the person who correctly eruesses the number of seeds m it. At a recent contest held in Knoxville, Tenn., 4,704 guesses were received from four teen different states. Why They Hitched Out. San Fraucis 'o Balletin. A capital anecdote is told of a little fellow who, in turning over the leaves of a scrap-book, came across the well- known picture of some chickens just oat of their shell. My companion ex amined the pictnra carefully, and then, with a grave, sa jaciou j look at. me, slowly remarked. 'They com 3 oat 'cos they was afraid of being boiled.' " New Orleans Times-Democrat : The horse population of the Unite 1 States is now over 11,000,000, or about one horse to 'every five humans. THE UNLUCKY NUMBER. A Superstitious Ola Gentleman's Search, for a Room at a Xew York Hotel. ; Boston Budget. There are a great many people in thia world who think that the life of a hotel clerk is all sunshine, and that he has little else to do but to dress well and display huge " head lights" on his shirt froat.condescending occasionally during the day or evening to accommodate a weary traveler ; with a room on the upper story at the rate of $3 or $4 per day. This in a great many cases is a mistake, as the following instance will show: A well-known, wealthy, but very su perstitious New Yorker stepped up to the oflice of the "Westminster hotel, New York, on Friday last, and inquired of Maj. Swope if he had any rooms to let for the coming fall and winter. "Yes, sir," said the major. "Shall I show you what we have ?" "If you please," was the reply. He was shown No. 13, which room was about what he wanted, but the price he thought was "too high." The clerk proposed a compromise which seemed to rather catch the old gentle man, for he must have been at least 65 years uld, but when about to close the bargain he espied the number 13 on the door and broke out with : 'Why, this is No. 13. I wouldn't oc cupy that room if you gave it to me for nothing, that's an unlucky num ber." The clerk, who could scarcely refrain from laughing, proposed that he look at some others, to which he consented. He was shown, unfortunately for the house, No. 49 on the same floor, which, after a glance at the number, before the door was opened, he said : "lhat won t do, either. TTT .11 1 At in vv en, wny r. saia tne maior, "you haven t as yet seen the room. How do you know until you have seen if?" "Don't you see that number ?" said the old gentleman, "4 and 9 make 13 : I wouldn t sleep m that room one night ior !fi,uuu." "Well,'' said Mr. Swope, "I have one other on this floor, and I think it will be just what you want, showing him around to do. W hen the O. G. came in sight of the number he objected to going any far ther, saying in a rather subdued tone, "Why, that is like the others. Oh, no; this room is entirely dm Mr. Swope was here interrupted by his caller, who now changed his tone to a rather angry pitch, exclaiming, "Why, man, don t you see that number, 58 ? Five and eight make thirteen. You couldn't hire me to occupy that room. Hold on, sir, said Major Swope, "be seated, and let us figure this thing out, and while the old crank was resting, and in all rroba bility harassed with " the thought of his being a doomed man, the clerk discovered that he couldn't let him either of the following rooms: 49, 91. 58,85, 67,76,157, 571, 751, 391, 139, 193, 319, 931, 913, 310, 211, 112 or 121. He thereupon turned to his Crankiness and showed him the re sult of his figuring. "Now, said the major, "I'll tell you what I'll do, we will change the number on the door of any room you may select." "Oh, no." said our O. G., "bad luck never leaves any house or room that has once been numbered 13. 'That settles it," said Mr. Swope, 'you certainly are not a member oi' the Thirteen club, you had better look else where, sir, and abruptly started for the office, after having spent about half an hour in a fruitless effort to let a room. A Visit to Mormon ZIon. Salt Lake Cor. Inter Ocean. In an hour and a half the train rolls into the celebrated Mormon Mecca, or, as they call it, Zion, with its broad, clean streets and busy population. 1 will not enter into a description of its features, which vour readers must be somewhat familiar with. In the after noon at 4 we went down to the lake with a merry party, almost entirely Gentiles, to bathe. There was a bevy of handsome girls and a lot of young men and some fond parents and an of ncer or two irom the lore ana a aoen or so transient visitors, a couple of hun dred in all. I was surprised at finding so many cultivated and delightful "Gen tiles" residing here. Of the population of 25,000 there are about 6,000 who are not Mormons, and a few of them are merchants and bankers and professional men and their families, forming among themselves a congenial society. The rest of the population is a mass of ignor ance, ugliness, ana lanaticisin. An en tire absence of any interesting feature in the community is the first thing that impresses you. 1 hey are not even blessed with eccentricities in dress or behavior, nor spiced with viciousness as one might expect, ilat, stupid and staring may portray the mass of Mormon society here. 1 doubt if you would meet in any other city on the globe as uniform ugliness and want of - intellect depicted on the faces of men and women as hero Legend of the Xightin gale, Boston Budget The nightingale's habit of singing at night, and the imaginary sadness of its song, are accounted for by a legend to the effect that in ancient days the night ingale and the blind worm had only oa ) eye apiece. The bird borrowed the reptile s eye m order to go with t.vo eyes to a feast, and afterwards refused to restore it. The blind worm vowed vengeance on its perfidious frier, d. Consequently, the nightingale is afraid to so to sleep at night lest the blind- worm should attack it during its slum ber. And in order to keep itself awake it smsrs, resting its breast against a thorn, the pain caused by which ren ders its singing sad. Actors and Theatres. Joaquin Miller. how many- actors ana actresses are there in these United States? Whv, the figures would startle you. We have 4,000 theatres, big and little, good and bad. More than all Europe. Think o that. Of course this number includes music halls, lecture halls, and all such places, which sometimes serve those whom Shakspeare set down as "The brief and abstract chronicles of the time." Sailors' Superstitions Concerning Finlandera. ' London Daily Telegraph. Indeed marine superstitions should not be hard to kill, for they are not very numerous. A large number have been fathered on sailors by land writers, but they want the true ring, the salt flavor is lacking, ana it is easy to perceive that their narrators never were afloat. The really nautical superstition is un mistakable. It is born of the sea-faring life and the spirit of it speaks as surely of blue water and the association to gether for months at a time of briny minds in dim and resonant interiors as the lurching, rolling gait, the toughened hands swinging athwartships, tell of the ocean sailor, the sea jockey used to such hurdle races as the Pacific in storm offers, or to such mad galloping as the roaring and revolving storm forces upon him. - . There is the old superstition about Finns, for instance. The Finlander makes a very good, quiet, respectable sailor, but both English and American seamen agreed, for some reason not easily determinable, to look upon him as a sort of magician, and to fear him and treat him respectfully for that reason. Many stories used to be related of him. He is usually depicted as a yellow-haired man in a sealskin cap, full of predictions, and always right in his prophesying. In some ships, when there was a Finn aboard, it was custom ary to nail a horseshoe to the foremast to neutralize any prediction he might utter that was likely to be injurious to the ship or crew. He was occasion ally credited with the power of getting drunk as often as he liked throughout the longest voyage on a single quart of rum, the contents of the bottle never diminishing, no matter how often he put it to his lips, and he has been known to stand the bottle on" the table before him and talk to it. Finland ships, too, were always thought to obtain a fair wind whenever they chose, and, with studding sails aloft and alow, overhaul and pass vessels beating in the same direction against a a gale. Dana tells a story of a captain who threatened to confine a Finn in the fore- peak if he did not make a fair wind for ' the ship. The wind remaining dead ahead convinced everybody that the Finn refused to give in, whereupon he was bundled into the forepeak and left there without - food. The Finn held out for a while, but unable to stand the imprisonment any longer or dered the wind to shift, which it did, ana the yellow-haired magician was liberated. How such a superstition as this arose it is impossible to say, but it is easy to see that it belongs to . the ocean and must h ave had its origin in the forecastle. It is as salt in its way as the notion of Sunday entertained by a ship s carpenter who considered that he fulfilled all the Sabbath obligations laid upon him by combing his hair and mounting a pair of green spectacles, and declaring that he would not give a chew of tobacco for the chances of a man who considered that the maintop- sail looked white on that day. A Mother's Disappointment. Detroit Free Press. A Detroit lawyer who had business in one oi the northern counties a short time since, put in a night at a farm house. It was a log structure contain ing two rooms, and such furniture as pioneers get along with. The family consisted of an old man, his wife, and a girl of 20, who was slashing around bare-footed and had a fist like a slugger After supper the old woman took a seat in front of the lawyer and suddenly asked: "Do you wear sich fine duds all the time?" "All the time, madam." Is that a real diamond in your shirt?" 'It is." And l heard you tell the old man you had a horse and buggy at home ?" les. ma am. 'And that watch and chain are real gold, I suppose ?" "Yes, the real stuff. "Cost as much as $200?" "Yes, over $300." "My stars! Why, you must get as much as $40 a month and board !" she gasped. Madam, 1 sometimes make $50 per day," he placidly replied. "Shoo! hy, you are worth $1,0001 "Yes, ten times that." " Stars and stars !" more was an interval of silence as she recovered from her amazement. Then she tiptoed to the corner of the house to see if there were any eaves droppars. Coming back she walked up to the lawyer and dropped her voice to a whisper and said : ' bay ! We ve bin saving Sally these last two years for the boss of a saw-mill four miles up the creek, but if you are struck on her and she is struck on you, 1 11 run the old man six miles through the brush after a preacher to do the splicing! The lawyer had to decline on the grounds of having a wife in Detroit, and the old woman felt so bad that the hus band had to rise at midnight and make her a mustard plaster. How the Friends" Marry. Chicago Times. At a Quaker wedding m church at Philadelphia last week, the pair took their places on the lowest tier of the raised seats. At the left of the bride sat two elderly ladies attired in strict Quaker garb. The groomsman and bridesmaid sat in front of the congrega tion, iacmg ins couple ana their spon sors, men the groom rose and. clasn. mg the hand of the bride, who also stood up, said: "In the presence of the Lord and this assembly I take De borah Brooks to be my wife oromis- ing, with dmne assis'ance to be unto her a faithful and loving husband until ....... - death shall separate us." The voice of the bride repeated the words. The pair sat down, when the marriage certificate was read and then carried and laid upon a small table in the raised seats. k rom there t ie groomsmen raised and carried the table to the front of the bride and groom, who signed the cer- tincate whieh lay upon it. The table and certificate -were restored to their 1 -til w . piaces, ana tne tuaiter wedding was over. PARIS' FAVORITE DENTIST. From a Shop In Pennsylvania to tho Court of France Evans' Lueli. Cleveland Leader. Charles Howard, the millionaire of Vermont, is to leave $1,00;,000 to his niece, Mrs. Evans, the wife of the rich Parisian dentist. Evans is already everal times a millionaire, and this will be a pretty addition to his fortune, which is increasing at the rate of hun dreds of thousands yearly. It is gen erally supposed that he n.ade the most of his fortune in tilling teeth. But this is a mistake, as the following talk with one of the old dentists in tho L'nited States, a man who was years ago con nected with one of the imperial courts of Europe, will show: ! Dr. Evans, said the gentleman, "was born in Lancaster county, Penn sylvania, and he started life as a jeweler's apprentice in Lancaster, the same tow n in which Buchanan began life as a young lawyer. He went to Paris as a dentist in a few years." vv hen did Evans become court den tist"" I do not know the time. . He says, I understand, he wa filling Eugenie's teeth when Louis fta'-oleon came to his office for some dental work, and that here the two met, and fronv that meet ing afterward sprang their marriage. Napoleon owed much to Evans in many ways. You know he saved the life of Eugenie one night as she left the grand opera house, and an attempt was made to assassinate Napoleon by throwing hand grenades. He afterwards aided Eugenie in escaping to England, and went with her in l6ri 0. At this ime every one else had deserted the empress, and she fed to Dr. Evans' housi. The doctor's wife was at the sea shore, and Eugenie dressed in Mrs. ! Ivans' cloth ing, was passed off by Evans as his wife, and driven in his own carriage to the Norman coast. Thence they got a boat to England. "Dr. Evans," this gentleman went on, "is woi th several millions, and he has a grand palace m Pans His office prac tice in the Hue de la Paix nets him $60,000 a year, but this is not how he has made the most of his money. When JSapoleon was president of the republic he was quite poor. He dieJ very wealthy, and much of his money was made through Evans. Napoleon knew what action was going to be taken on public matters, -and he also knew how this would effect stocks. If he could use his information in buying and sell ing he could make large sums easuy. But it would not do for Napoleon to be connected with a broker.; There must be some trusty go-between, added to a safe banker. Evans, I am told by good authority, wa3 the go-between, and his position as denti-t enabled him to do it to the best advantage. He had accas to Napoleon at all hours, and he was the only one who could take precedence over the cabinet and every one else. He attended him at his toilet at 8 o clock in the morning, and was on as close terms with Eugenie as with Lou's Na poleon. One day Eugenie said to him, 'Dr. Evans, at 11 o'clock to-morrow an order will be issued withdrawing the French trocps from Home. Evans at once went to the broker and invested in cer tain securities which he knew would be affected. At 12 o'clock the next day, after the order was issued, those securi ties went up like a shot, and Evans made $60,000. Of course, Eugenie came in for her share of her pin money." Hilling the Killers. London Globf. Last night a cleverly executed soheme deceiving a large number of gentlemen was consummated at the Haymarket theatre. About ten days back, it ap pears, each received a missive, in a ady's handwriting, which ran as fol ows : "The writer of this is anxious to have the pleasure of meeting you. She will be at the Haymarket theatre on Tuesday, 11th of iYlarch ne.;t. If you will be in the stalls you will not fail to recognize her ; but to show that this meeting is agreeable, will you wear a button-hole of violets ajufd lilies of the valley, and she will wear scar'et gera niums." So successful was this letter, that two advertisements in the "agony" column of The times requested tke lady to send her addiess in confidence. About 8 o'clock last evening the first victim appeared on the scene. Gal lantly, yet cautiously, he looked round for the fair unknown, when to his dis may he noticed other men dropping in, one by one, all bea -ing t :e 1 oral sign. Men came fiom Aldershot, from Brigh ton, and from the country, many of them wearing the scarlet geraniums in place of the Parma violets, which made them the more conspicuous. It was not long before the Bancroft exchequer was enriched bv the appearance of at least sixty victims, many of whom were acute enough to hide their flowers in their hat3. to be assumed if the fair wearer of scarlet should be discerned. Before the end of the first act it was very patent that a "sell" of the first water had been perpetrated; two noble lords, the chief character in an Irish breach 'of promise cas'?, and ethers equally well known being among the gay Lotharios. The dres3 c.rcle was full of men who, having received letters themselves, had compared notes, and detecting the joke, secured thu coign of vantacre to enioy the s.ene. It was not necessary to look very far for those hv whrm t in snhfime was orizinaieu. a certain stage-box was graced by the presence of a well-known form, and the nartir took the keenest interest in tue successive entries of the lady killers. Cetewayo's Death. fChicazo Herald. Traf. 'Karnra ptowfl vo died he sent fchA following dispatch to Mr. Urant, hi lat. a-lviser: "Durban I am dy- in T av so. Tell my European friends that 1 am deaa lorever. iim.o j - T 1a. TTdnnznlu fCetewayos son) m my place. This must be commumcaieu io A . 1 A ? Innon "Victoria. " Cetewayo, like t lamented Brown, had a real though dis- interested affection . for tne queen, whom he regarded as a sort oi mother to him. T.r.i rnk; Not to enioy ones youth, when one is young, is to imitate th miser who starves wsmo . noc tures. - A Few Points on Saafd Detroit News. There are three grades of snuff the fine, poor and medium. The fine snuff is made from the blade of the tobacco leaf, the ribs and stems being rejected and ground up into the poor grades. The medium grade is composed of the entire leaf, and is the quality of which the greatest amount is sold. Of all grades of snuff there are the moist and dry varieties. ,. The dry snuff is heaped on earthen plates after it has been ground, and is exposed to a high degree of heat. The term " high toast" is used to denote the article which has been heated for a j length of time. Moist snuff is made by moistening the snuff which has already been ground, with a solution f common salt and allowing it to ferment. The period of fermentation determines the strength and pungency of the snuff, j After the fermentation salt is mixed with the snuff to prevent its becoming moldy, rose-water or other perfumes are j added, and sometimes powdered orris root is used to increase the pungency of the article. Snuffs are often adulterated with chrome yellow, lime and carbonate of potash, all of which ingredients render the snuff nn liealthful. Such adulterations can easily be detected with the microscope, which reveals the peculiar structure of the tobacco leaf as distinguished from that of adulterations. "Much snuff ; used?" was casually ased to-day oi a woodward avenue dealer who sells several of the standard rands of snuff, j Said brands, by the way, are nothing more than common snun with tamous names. "Not as much as was sold a few years ago, he replied. People still con tinue to use it for catarrh and similar ailments, but a3 a method of using tobacco, snuffing is falling into disre pute. In fact, it is worthy of note that the introduction and widespread use of cigarettes marked the beginning of the decline of snuff-taking. Nearly all my customers are old people who learned the practice in the old country, and who, while they detest it, are so habitu ated to it that they can not give up their snuff-box and their maccaboy. The young men who take snuff are nearly all Scotchmen and Polish labor ers. These latter make their own snuff, and they often produce a very fine article, which they consume in large quantities. Every Polack of any means has a pestle and mortar in which he grinds his snuff, and as most of them raise and cure i their own tobacco, the snuff is free from any adulteration. They flavor their snuffs with brandy. bnuff-taking has been practiced ever since the introduction of tobacco into Europe, and its peculiar quality is said to have been discovered by accident. At first only fops used it, and to de scribe a fop without speaking of his snuff-box was considered a fatal omis sion. Thus Hotspur, speaking ot a top, says that between his fingers he held a "pounce t-box, which ever and anon he gave his nose. The custom of snuff- taking is evidently a continuation of the rage for odors and, perfumes which was prevalent in by-gone days, and like it, snuff-taking is dying out. Sacred Cattle. Prof. Oswald in Cincinnati Enquirer. Yet the sanctity of the holiest reptiles was exceeded by that of the sacred oxen or Brahma bulls, i The ancient Egypt-v ians contented themselves with worship ing one bull calf at a time; but in India all black cattle are sacred, and the hunchbacked kind of the species Bos Brahmanus so unspeakably holy that even heir uncouth caprices are accepted as signa of divine favor. If a Brahma bull lies down on the sidewalk, the pro prietor of the next house sends a ser vant to fan his distinguished guest, or sprinkle - him with scented Ganges water. Hucksters must not drive him away from their stalls, but anticipate his deres by a voluntary offering of arden greens. If he invades the gar en itself, the owner must try by per suasion first, and gentle force only as a last resort. ' u "Oh, my son, oppress not the poorl" Von Orlich heard a Hindoo farmer ad jure a voracious bull, "Come, my child, I will feed thee with honey if thou wilt follov me." The bull continued to help himself. "Provoke not the weak," re sumed the. Hindoo. "Brahm is just; come, repent in time." The bull never budgxl, and the farmer at last sum moned two companions. "Oh, my son," they began again,' but at the same time two of them seized the bull's horns left and right, and thus trotted him out. chanting a passage from the Upnishads, while their assistant enforced the quota' tion by hammering a board with a sort of mallet. ( If an unbeliever should lift his hand against a cow the meanest Hindoc would risk his life in her defense. , About thirty years ago the native soldiers ascertained that the pasteboard shells of their cartridges had - been lubricated with beef tallow instead of wax, and that discovery led to the in surrection that cost the lives of 360,00C natives and 14,000 foreign soldiers! The Grave of Journalism. Ki-aham Cornwallis in Manhattan. Journalism is truly the bottomless well which swallows up the literary genius and talent of America the "mute inglorious Miltons" who pass from the cradle to the grave of their newspaper career under tne impenetra ble veil of the anonymous, a screen that allows no scope for the gratification of a laudable ambition. It is only where the anonymous system does not exist, as, for instance, in France, where every writer appends his own name,or hisnom de plume, to his articles, thai journalism offers a fair field to literary men who are not content to forever hide their light under a bushel -to be, in a certain sense, Juried alive instead of being acknowledged leaders of thought and action. It is no exaggeration to say that more men of genius are buried alive on .. . ii ?J .... i.. . it tue press in tnis country tnan in any other in the world. A mere salaried writer on the staff of a leading American newspaper is prac- ( H A flit t ticaiiy nor. permittea to same, even as a glow-worm. He has, in fact, no more opportunity to become known, or to do anythirg inconsistent with diligence with his tread -mill work behind the scenes than he has of amassing "wealth beyond the dreams of avarice" out o: his commonly scanty salary. What a Xew York Man Saw in the Sandwich Islands Xo Pests Eiicept Leprosy. Chicago Tribune Interview with E. A. Thome. "What sort of labor is employed in the islands?" "Mostly Chinese, and the rest Portu guese, German, and Kanakas, or natives. The Germans are often thrifty and become overseers. The Portuguese are very good, and are becoming more numerous. The Kana kas are the most reliable, but they are very improvident and. are hard to obtain "Has it not been charged that a species of slavery existed on the plan tations with reference to these laborr ers?" ;-"-v "It has, but without any foundation whatever. These laborers are engaged in the.native countries to emigrate to the islands and to work for from one to three years after arrival for wages, in consideration that the planter who hires them shall pay their fare across the water This is called 'shipping.' When their time is up if they agree to remain for another period with their employer this also is called 'shipping'. There is a charge made in this country that these contracts are enforced in such a way as to make them amount substantially to slavery. But there is not a word of truth in it. There are the same legal means exactly in the islands as in the state of Illinois for enforcing the fulfillment of such a contract on the part of hired laborers. That is to say, in case they violate their contract they can be sued for damages, and if they have committed fraud they can be arrested and held to bail, and the suit is tried before a native Kanaka justice at that. Indeed, these remedies are so inadequate that the planters are in a state of perpetual peril and dissatisfac tion on account of the insecurity of their contracts." v. "How are the laborers treated while working out their contract?" "Very humanely indeed. They are cared for just like children. The law3 not only forbid slavery, but forbid a planter to striko a Liredservant." "What of the climate and scenery of the islands?" "The most delightful imaginable. The country is swept by the trade winds,and the temperature is kept remarkably even and comfortable. The themome ter never gets above ninety degrees, and seventy degrees is the average the year round. There are three months of sul try weather in the summer, but the rest of the year is very comfortable. It is also a land of perpetual verdure. Flowers of every hue and shape are so of them anywhere. Fruits also, in endless variety abound everywhere. I could stand on the veranda of my hotel and pick figs, oranges, bananas, limes, J mangoes and papyas. What is more wonderful, there is not a wild animal, a snake or any kind of reptile in tho country. Are there no pests of any kind ?' "There are some mosquitoes, and from what I heard before I went there, I expected them to eat me up. But I found no more of them than there is in this country, and they gave me no trouble except at one or two places. The only plague I know of in the coun try is the leprosy. This terrible disease is confined to the Kanakas, or natives. It is contagious, but not infectious. It is entirely painless, but it causes the joints of the body to come apart, so that the hands and feet drop off. As soon as a person is taken with it he is ban ished to the island of Malakai, which is reserved entirely for the residence of lepers, and on which there is a colony of from 400 to 500 of them all the time. People who are curious about the dis ease often go there and w alk through the hospital with impunity. The lepers ' are the most cheerful patients in the world." ' A Xew Telephone. Pall Mall Gazette, Mr. Arthur St. George has patented a new telephone, which he asserts possesses advantages superior to those attaching to other telepnones. Sup plementary to the telephr ne itself is a contrivance which will, it is stated, not only record every description of conver sation carried on throgh the instru ment, but will reproduce the . words at any future time. A circular plate of glass is coated with collodion and made sensitive as a photographic plate. This is placed in a dark box, in which is a slit to admit a ray of light. In front of the glass is a telephone diaphragm, which, by its vibrations, opens and closes a small shutter, thrcug'i which a beam of light is constantly parsing and imprinting a dark line on the glass. Vibrations of the shutter cause the dark bine to vary in thickness accord ing to the tone of the voice. The glass plat revolves by clockwork, and the conversation as it leaves the telephone is recorded on the sensitive plate, the words spoken being fixed as is done in photography. The plate can be brought forward afterward, and when replaced in the machine and connected with a distant teleghone will, when set in motion give back the original conversa tion. .. ' .' How a Pianist Avoided a DneL St James Gazette.) A duel in which, an eminent pianist was to have taken a leading part is said to y have been happily arranged without loss of life or limb on either side. An altercation had taken place at a Iaris cafe between the said pianist and a well known man of fashion, and it at last be came so animated that the latter offered the former his card and accepted one in return. The pianist waited at home the next morning, but heard nothicg from his opponent. The day afterward he met him by chance in the street, and expressed his surprise at what had, or rather at what had not, taken place. "I asked you the day before yesterday," said the pianist's adversary, "for satis faction, and yesterday I received it. "How so?" asked the pianist, more as tonished than ever. "Instead of a visit ing card, you have me a ticket for your concert," was the reply. "I went to it, heard von play, and was- more than satisfied."