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HA.S THE FI N EST JOB OFFICE : IN DOUGLAS COUNTY. CARDS, BILL HEADS, LEGAL BLANIS, And other Printing, including Large ana Heat? Posters ana Slow Eel-Bills, Neatly ud expeditiously executed AT PORTLAND PRICES. One Year -Six Months -Three Months $2 50 1 60 1 00 These are the terms of those paying in advance. The Independent offers fine inducements to advertisers. Terms reasonable. VOLJ IX. ROSEBURG, OREGON, SATURDAY, JUNE 7, 1884. NO. 9. THE INDEPENDENT is ISSUED SATURDAY MORNINGS, BT THE Douglas County Publishing Company. J. JASKULEIC, PRACTICAL fatcliator, Jeweler ani Optician, .ALL WORK WARRANTED. Bealer In Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, AND A FULL LI5B Of Cigass, Tobacco & Fancy G-oods. Th onlyeli&ble Optomer in town for the proper adjust ment of Spectacles ; always on hand. Depot of the Genuine Brazilian Pebble Spec tacles and Eyeglasses. Office First Door South of Postoffice, ROSEBURGI O REG OX. LANGENBERG'S Boot and Shoe Store ' BOSEBUItG, OREGON, On . Jackson Street, Opposite the Post Office, Keeps on hand the largest and best assortment of Eastern and San Francisco Boots and Shoes, Gaiters, Slippers, And everything in the Boot and Shoe line, and SELLS CHEAP FOR CASH. Boots and Shoes Made to Order, and Perfect Fit Guaranteed. I use the Best of Leather and Warran all my work; Repairing Neatly Done, on Short Notice. I keep always on hand TOYS AND NOTIONS. Musical Instruments and Violin Strings a specialty. LOUIS LAXGEXBER6, DR. (11. W. DAVIS, m DENTIST, ROSEBITRG, OREGON, Office On Jackson Street, Up Stairs, Over S. Marks & Co.'s New Store. MAHONEY'S SALOON, Nearest the Railroad Depot, Oakland. JAS. MAIIOXEY, --- Proprietor The Finest "Wines, Liquors and Cigars in Douglas County, and THE BEST BILLIARD TABLE IN THE STATE, KEPT IN PROPER REPAIR. Parlies traveling on the railroad will find this place very handy to visit during the stopping of the train at tee Oakland .Depot. Dive me a call. JAS. MAIIONEY. JOHN FRASER, TTflinO IfTaflP Kl lril III I TP .LJ.UIIIG AUXlllG UIIIIIUIU, WILBUR, OREGOX. UPHOLSTERY, SPRIM MATTRESSES, ETC., Constantly on hand. FURNITURE. I have the Best STOCK OF FURNITURE South ! Portland. And aU of my own manufacture. Xo Two Prices to Customers. Residents of Douglas County are requested to give me a call before purchasing elsewnere. ALL WORK WARRANTED. DEPOT HOTEL, Oakland, Oregon. RICHARD THOMAS, Proprietor. This Hotel has been established for a num ber of years, and has become very pop ular with the traveling public. FIRST-CLASS SLEEPING ACCOMMODATIONS AND THI- Table supplied with the Best the Market affords Hotel at th Depot of the Railroad. H. C. STANTON, DEALER IN Staple Dry Goods, Keeps constantly on hand a general assortment of Extra Fine Groceries, - WOOD, WILLOW AND GLASSWARE, ALSO CROCKERY - AND CORDAGE, A full stock of SCHOOL BOOKS. Such as required by the Publio County Schools. All kinds of Stationery. Toys and Fancy Articles, TO SUIT BOTH TOUNO AXD OLD. Buys and Sells Legal Tenders, furnishes Checks on Portland, and procures Drafts on San Francisco. SEEDS! SEDS ! SEEDS! ALL KINDS OF THE BEST QUALITY. ALL ORDERS Promptly attended to and goods shipped with care. Address, IIACIIEXY St BEXO, Portland, Oregon. Eev. Dr. Deems : Insight into the spiritual world is necessary to correct impressions of this world. Ihe men tha have - made the great discoveries, the men that have inaugurated the great roforms have been great believers in the unseen. Two Boys Quarreling. Arkansaw Traveler. "Mv pa is a preacher an' will go to heaven aven " "Yes. an' mv pa is a doctor an' can kill your ole pa." THE RIVER Charles ,11. Adams. The lights of the city glimmer Iu the swift black wave below; Like ghosts that flit in the gloaming The white ships come and go. White and dim and stately, The good ships seaward go; Luck to you, captain and sailors, However the winds may blow! Wbite and dim and stately, The good ships homeward throng; Welcome, captains and sailors, Your voyage has been long! And sweethearts' eyes shall glisten, And wives shall joyful be, As the little children listen To your tales of the stormy sea. But what are the wrecks you tell of To the wreck of a love like mine? The river murmurs and glitters; Above the cold stars shine. PARROTS'; PERVERSITIES. Hints and Helps for Those Who Teach Folly's Idea flow to Shoot. London Telecraph. Whea juvenile the bird is very im pressionable. Adult, it is liable to be obstinate, and, like the proud Briton who refused to truckle to the German system of genders, it oftentimes learns a new language very imperfectly. Two old birds, indeed, show extraordinary antipathies to syntax, and get whims into their heads ; about the construction of sentences j which the utmost patience or violence, as the case may be. is powerless to dissipate. You can not disabuse an old parrot's mind of an error that it has once cordially enter tained. It has its own ideas of gram matical proprieties, and clings to them like a limpet. You cannot shake it on a matter of English. You may teach it another phrase ' altogether, but it will not forego the first. It will tag the two together aud mix them up like the "Protestant kettle" of the immortal Bainaby's raven but this compromise is fie best terms vou will make with the bird. ; When possible, therefore, secm-e a young parrot, catch it at a good school- board a-'e, and then teach it yourself. While doing eo keep it away from the contaminating influences of street boys, for a baker's boy will teach it to ask "Who kissed the cook?" in a half dozen easy lessons, while you are wearing your days out in impressing "God pave the queen" upon its memory, and, after all, the odds are the bird will say, "God save the cook." Street cries, again, are to be avoided if possible. It is not well ! to have a bird calliDg "cats'-rnea.," dur ing family prayers. liut above all the educator of the youthful fowl should herself be circum spect in her language, and careful of i the pitch of voice, tor it will catch her scolding tones at once, and pick up "Bother that cat!" in her exact voice too long before it will learn to say, " low I it.r. i rvna: " lhnsfi who havA a harsh laugh, or suffer from catarrh, or imtwlimftr,t.nr nv defect of snPPr-h should choose other pets than parrots 1 1 J L guinea pigs or squirrels, or sone other harmless "dumb" animals for these bird3 have a perfectly malicious aotitude for hitting off such weak points. If old Mr. Weller had kept a good parrot at the Marquis of Lxranby the position of btiggms would have been impossible; the mimic would have utterly routed the snuffling rascal. So that the difficulties in the way of bring ing up one's own bird are considerable. Bat if it can be accomplished the re sult will abundantly repay the labor, were it only in keeping the possessor's mind frea from any disquieting appre hensions as to "what that parrot will say next." It is a great relief to vis itors to know that, when out of polite ness they take notice of their hostess' bird, there is no danger of awkward rejoinders. It disconcerts the average caller if, when he says Pretty Poll, the parrot retorts with Jorrocks apos trophe to Aitaxerxes, "Get hup, you hugly beast ; and the sesquipedalian oath of the mariner articulated like a centipede in an unbefitting response to a friendly invitation to have a poll scratched. By all means, therefore, if you wish to be able to depend upon your bird in mixed company teach it to talk yoarsell. The Wonderland Fast Vanish Ins. Lonlon Telegraph. Thibet is one of the few regions left on the earth which will afford legitimat3 scope for romantic conjecture. All other lands of mystery have been explored. The Abyss"n:au campaign dissipated the last shred of wonder about Pi ester John. Travelers have abolished the mountains of the moon; a Russian rail way runs within s"ght of the Vul ture's Nest, the eyrie of the As sassins and the Old Man of the Mountains; commerce has familiar ized us with the lands of the white ele phant and golden umbrellas ; science has dispersed Atlantis, Utopia, and the other "rewhon3" of past beliefs. No Raleigh no -days would make sail for fabled cities of Mansa ; no voyager set his helm for Hesperides. The Ichthy- ophagi, Tartarines and Malrotrans,with all the other strange races of whom Mandeville gossiped, are now sobered down into matter-of-fact tribes, and the whole world, under the ruthless scru tiny of scientific explorations, is fast becoming commonplace. The Shid-Ilelty" futtern. Chicago Journal. Philadelphia dudes have been greatly star led by the appearance m several tailors' show windows of a colored fashion-plate, which depicts a very mild and blonde young man anayed in a garnet-colored coat of the "shad-belly" pattern, with ilesh-colored lining, a figured white vest, a flowing cravat of a delicate tint, and trousers to corre spond. This is i declared to be the dress-suit of the near future, the inven tionof a .New lork man, and the re sult of years of profound reflect;on It does not appear whether or not the inventor has communed with Oscar "Wilde, and received his apostolic bene diction. I Dumas Pere. The last mot of the elder Dumas. He was on his deathbed. His old ser- vant, who aaorea him, was weeping 1 in a corner. Dumas turned his half- closed eye3 toward him and said kindly "Don t cry, my poor mend: if 1 want jou up there I will ring for you." AT THE KOT SPRINGS. Drus Stores and Doctors --- The County Jail Arkansaw Poverty. , " W. D," in New York Times. You will not be surprised, of course. at the number of drug stores along the street. I started out once to count on my fingers, but the fingers ran out before I was half way up the street. If a man could by any possibility throw a stone in Hot Springs without hitting a doctor he would be sure to hit the win dow of a drug store. Here in the Ar lington hotel the street makes a little curve, running up past the opera hou9e, a neat little theatre, and so straight on up till it ends at the foot of a mountain, then branching out to the right and the left, and extending a mile or more in each direction. Then, in every way you can imagine, north, south, east" and west, and in all the possible angles between these points, smaller streets run, in which are the dwelling-houses, all built of wood, some of them expensive, Borne very cheap and none with any vtrv distinctive features, except that it is customary to build a fine house, spend a few hundred dollars in ginger bread work about the cornices and pi zzz&, and leave the front yard m a state of nature, which here means a state of rocks and dead grasa and tall bushes. Nine houses of every ten iu the town take either boarders, or lodger., when they can get them. AVheiever von go you see the sign starir.j you in ihe face : a v.u N1 .tOOM. This invariablv jhosms that the build ing is a lodging-ho tnd that lodgers are urgently needed ; bat the announce ment of "a" vacant room gives it rather an air of there being a constant brisk demand for places and of one of the rooms just happening, by great good fortune, to be vacant. This "vacant room business is carried to such an excess that it is a standing joke. People try to find lodgers for rooms in sheds, out-houses and garrets, lhere was a big stove standing lor several days on the edge of the sidewalk in front of one of the saloons, labeled "for sale." One night the "for sale" sign disappeared and in the morning the rusty old stove rejoiced in t;ie an nouncement, "a vacant room!" Some joker had stolen a lodging-house sign aud hung it over the stove-pipe. Ihe joke was so very pat everybody saw' it at once, and there was a crowd around the stove all morning. I doubt whether there is any place of its size in the world where more curious things are to be seen. The hot springs, of course, are most curious of all ; but there are many others. For instance : You go down to the railway station and find a neat brick depot, perhaps as fine and modern building of the kind as there is in the whole south. You walk fifty yards away from it and you come upon a log snanty, perhaps twelve or fitteen feet square, with no doors in the walls, and with a rickety veranda somehow growing out of the roof. You notice that a little bit of a window, not more than a foot square, in the front wall is protected with iron bars. This leads you to make inquiries about the banding, and you learn that it is the Garland county lau. Curiosity induces you to walk around the corner of the hut to the foot of a shady wooden stair way, by which you climb to the ver anda, where sits the jailer. He in vites you to enter a garret room in which you can just stand upright, raises a trap in tne noor, ana snows you the four or five prisoners con fined beneath. "When a new prisoner is brought a ladder "is lowered, the pris oner climbs down, the ladder is with drawn, and the trap is fastened down again. In this hole the county prisoners are kept until the county "judge" rides over on his mule and opens the county court. The prisoners, when the trap is opened, look up and gibe the jailer and visitors, ask for tobacco, crack jokes about the weather, and make as much capital as they can out of this break in the monotony. You go LOO yards in the other direc tion from the depot and you come to the old s'ation. Immediately behind this is a high and very steep hill. Visit it almost any pleasant afternoon and you will see a dozen youngsters climb ing the hill, dragging small sleds after them, just as our northern boys do after a snow-storm. These boys seat themselves on their sleds and come down the hill like lightning, although the ground is perfectly bare. The soil i3 full of oapstone, or some other tlippery rock, -md the boys have a sport ti.at n.atiy a Ne v lork lad has wished lor tne lun ol riu.ag down hui in summer time. Ycr ,0 a little further out and you come c.. c Jbins where poor people live, both white and black, lou know what poverty is when you enter one of them, and see that the on?y fur niture is a bundle of rags for a bed, and the v,uly food such scraps r.s can be begged from the hotels. I taw a pietty little colored shaver m one of thate shanties, one dav, munching a piece of dry brend as if he en-oyed it. He ist bit of it fall in the ashes, and his "mummy," who sat on an inverted pail before the open fire, hunted it up for him, saying, "Good Lawd, honey, don't waste yer flour bread. 'Taint oilen yer gets it I lou will not often sit down and talk for ten min utes with any male person in Garland county without the conversation run nmg mto knives and pistols and fights and the gentleman telling you whom he has '"licked," or whom he is going to "lick," or why he hasn't "licked" him, or why he would like to "lick" him. But you need not mind this, 1 i 11 i M TTT, uecuube n is an taiK. w nen two men really do have a fight, even in the way x nave described, it makes a great ex citement and people talk about it for weeks. Ihe waters beheve to be equal to the Lest that is claimed for them. For paralysis, rheumatism, and all disorders of the skin and blood they seemed to be almost a sovereitrn cure. If more reo- p!e knew about them ueoDle would come here. And they should cou.e. either m the spring or fall, and stay nol,less than two or three months, 11 ti.ey expect to reap any benefit Summer is to hot, winter 0g cold Thv should, of course, keep ?lear o ali "runners" and go first to orie of the teehr large hotels -the Arlington Avenue or Waverly -and take two or three days to look around before con sulting a doctor. In that tune they will have been recommend d to htty physicians as "the best in the place," and will have received tempting offers from quite that many boarding houses. TWO DAYS WITH KING WILLIAM. A Couple of Dutch Otrls Pay a Visit to the Jwvlal Old Monarch. Dutch Cor. Springfleld Republican. SpeakiDg of Maynheer Vanderkamer brmg3 pleasant remembrances, espe cially of his daughter Heather, a bright girl of 18, and one of seven sister3. She i was my guide and companion in many j expeditions here and there, one of which is worth telling, xou hxve read Macaulay and Mfttley, and . have taken some interest in William of Orange, I am sure. At least I have VWJl, I said i one day to Hesther Vandlf kamer : "I I see how your common people are just ike the Dutch settlers of New York; and I suppose your king ij just what the prince of Oange was." "You should ko and see Kiner William," sail the audacious girl, and he next moment we made a plan. The professor was the preceptor of the royal princess, and his daughters are quite familiar in the royal family. So I was not much surprised when Hesther sent a note to his majesty telling him of the American lady, "whose hero was our great William, and who is sure that he is to be seen in your majesty, and who would be so glad to bo presented that she might see just how our hero ap peared," etc. King William, who 13 quite bour- geo.se and independent, answered the note as follows : Dear Child Hesther: Your friend mav trv to find the being of the great William in me. She and you may come Tuesday and remain as long as you like with us, and I can promise that we live much as our ancestors, though we may not be like them. William. I have this note among my treasures. and I shall keep it as a valued meme ato. So we two girls went to the roval palace on that Tuesday, and remained ill Thursday morning. I might give i description of the buildings of the court and pen-pictures of the roval amily ; but I spare you. King William is a jovial old gentleman, and I had a very nice time: Just now the question is in ' regard to eating and etiquette; and if we are to see in the modern lollander the customs of our Nieu Nederlander, in the king of Holland we can see how that old-time William of Orange and of our school historv used to live. The royal Dutchman rises a little after 9 and takes brandy and water with his breakfast. Then he takes a short walk, and until the time for koffy is busy with stale affairs. The second meal is much like that of the common people. He drinks four or fave cups of strong black coffea, and has buttered toast of brown bread with it. Soft-boiled eggs are always on the able, for he is a light eater. Dinner is alway3 a grand affair, and there are never less than a daeen guests at the table. This meal, like the others. is much the same as that of the country folk, except that the royal host and his gentlemen guests have their Tokay and J ohannisberger to discuss, and the aaies have plates of confection.3. Tea is invariably served at midnight. I have sometimes wondered if Queen Vic toria ever eats potatoes, and, in th,e same line of thought, it does me good to know that King William of Holland eats buttered toast. Verily,' Diedrich Knickerbocker, the Dutch were just what you represented. But I am 6orry to say that olykoecks and baggy breeches I did not see. I wonder if they are lost. I am almost inclined to believe that the "koecks" are no longer made and that the breeches are out grown. Pills In France. Pall Mall Gazette French Holloways, if they do not be come millionaires, at Jeast do a very flourishing trade. One of the most curious sights of the kind is the famous pill manufactory of Dijon, founded many years ago by aDijoanais chemist, who invented or introduced in that city pill-making by machinery. A note worthy feature in this commerce is that depression of trade, bad seasons, and even national calamities, do not affect the sale of pills. People at any rate, French people will not give up these delicacies, however hard the times may be and however much economy they are obliged to exercise in other matters. The quantity of puis taken m Jb ranee must be enormous, judging from the activity displaved at the Dijon manufac torv. We have known one .trench lady alone to spend 40 a year upon pills, which, it must be admitted, can be had in great variety, lar, camphor, castor oil, these are among the family pills, and they are got up m the neatest and most at tractive manner. The capsules have an envelope of slightly sweetened gela tine, and when bottled ready for sale look more like sweetmeats than any thing else. Perhaps the agreeableness of their medicines is the reason why French people from childhood upward are so good tempered. Our School. Judge Tourgee's Lecture. And I am afraid the dude has got into some of our schools. We are edu cating our children either for the White Hou.-e or tne poor-house. tseven- eightha of them are to make their own way in this hard, practical world, yet they are made to swallow volume o sciences and classics very impractical Nervousness. One day a little girl said : "Mother, I feel nervous." "Nervous 1" said the mother; "what is 'nervous'?" "Why, it s being in a hurry all over!" was the reply. The mite nad given a dennition worth placing in the dictionaries. St. Paul Pioneer Press : Perhaps the instances where a battle is won by strength of the enthusiasm of numbers are rarer than those where utter route is precipitated by the flight of a few cravens, whose spirit conquers bravery an 3 demoralizes organization. "Yes, give us fun and laughter, And hand the smile around; We caunot laugh much after They put us m the ground," How and Where Malaria Thrives. Popular Science. -The health o"hVrs of New Britain, Conn., have made an instructive report concerning the prevalence of malarial diseases in that town, and their con nection with certain supposed causes. The causes of malarial and other miasmatic diseases are not identical, though they are similar, and the two" classes not infrequently occur in a given locality at the same time; and the hygienic measures re paired to pre vent them all are the same. The essential conditions for the de velopment of malaria appear to be : the presence of the malarial germ; a high temperature and dry atmosphere; and favorable conditions of the soil ; and the absence of either of them will sus pend or prevent , the action of the poison. We have power only over the third condition. "A generous rain in the vicinity has, we think, invariably suspended its action. And yet a previous condition of moisture is essen tial to its manifestation. All deposits of vegetable matter, such as muck. sink-drainage, heaps of deciving vegetable matter, or even wet, spotgy and, furnish the essentials for its sup port; but it is requisite that the soil shall have been very wet, or covered with w ater some portions of the vear. A generous crop of grass, and per haps of other vegetable substance, has been known to prevent malaria. In 870 nearly all the families in the neighborhood of some lots which were argely a deposit of muck, had malaria. The lots were plowed, dragged, and sowed with grass-seed, and. the appear ance of the crop of grass and weeds was attended by a disappearance of chills and fever. Two or three other instances are mentioned in the same town in which fever-and-ague was ban ished by giving a similar treatment to tracts of swampy and mucky soil. Another case is specified where malaria was prevented by the drying up of the sewerage and s nk-water which usually found it outlet through a system of ditches cut in muck. Prepa rations were making to lay tiles in the ditches and fill them up, but before his was done a heavy rain washed them out, and "caused the prevailing sickness to abate as suddenly as it had commenced." From the first, malaria has not prevailed in those parts of the ity where vegetable deposits and filth iiave been absent, and the health of the streets in which sewers h ive been laid has been remarkably good. How Much Enslish People Write. English Illustrate 1 Magazine. There is a well-known story of a woman in the lake district whom Cole ridge befriended by the payment of a shilling for her letter, and who, when he postman was out of sight, explained that her son had arranged to write to her in blank letters, which she should refuse, by way of letting her know that he was well, and at the same time saving the postage. Marks- and names on newspapers, which might oe iranked without the owner's consent, were also employed to convey messages. It is therefore not surprising to fand that, in the year before the introduction of the new postage, each person on the aver age wrote only three letters in the course of the year. In the following year the average was seven ; it is now thirty-six. In 1839 there were 82,000, 000 lettr T3 posted, of which about one in every thirteen was franked. In 1840, he circulation rose to 169,000,000, al though franking was abolished. At the present time it has reached the astonishing total of 1,280,000,000. t will perhaps bo gratifying to the pride of Englishmen to learn that not withstanding the boasted superior edu cation of Scotland, each member of the community there write on the average thirty-one letters in the year, while in England and Wales the number is orty-One; in Ireland only seventeen. But increased letter correspondence is only one item in the growth of the postoffioe. Post-cards did not exist in 839 ; they are a wholly new invention within the memory of all of us. Their circulation now exceeds 144.000,000. n addition, 288,000,000 of books, packets and circulars, and 140,000,000 of newspapers, passed through the post in the year, making a total of more ban 1,852,000,000 of packets of one kind and another. The increase in the circulation during a single year is now nearly equal to the total number of etters carried by the dep m nt in 1839. Xo Chance to Rectify Mistakes. Horatio Seymour. When I was a young man there lived in our neighborhood a farmer who was usually reported to be a very liberal man, and uncommonly upright in his dealings. When he had any of the pro duce of his farm to dispose of he made it an invariable rule to give good measure rather more than would be required of him. One of his friends, observing him frequently doing so, questioned him as to why he did it; he told him he gave too much, and said it was to hi3 disadvantage, inow, marK the answer of this excellent man : Go I has permitted me but one journey through the world, and when I am gone I cannot return to rectify mis takes." The old farmer s mistakes were of the sort he did not want to rectify. Prentice's Last Year. Henry Watterson. George D. Prentice did not drink a drop during tho last year of his life. The first day of January of that year he said he intended to make this the best year of his life. He carried out his good resolution, and it is wonderful what amount of excellent editorial matter he wrote. The paper could not keep up with him, and it always had copy on hand. At the close of the year he died, having succeeded in mak ing, as he had resolved, his last year his best. ' Rather Persona!. While an Indiana editor was home sick with typhoid fever, and his wife and little daughter were sunering at the same time with diphther'a and scar latina, the office boy clipped and pub lished as a leader the following medi- cal note: "Typho'd fever, diphtheria and scarlatina are the results of human ignorance, stupidity, laziness and filth, rather than visitations of God." A MODESTO MAN'S LUCK. Be Wins a Portion of the S25.00O Price in the Louisiana State Lot tery. San Francisco (CaL) Chronicle, April 20th. Within the past two or three months artre nrizes of the Louisiana State lotterv have been awarded in this State, notably that drawn by Thomas Kichenei the cap ital prize of 75,000 and the 10,000 prize won by John Martel, C. P. Kobbins and G. W. Bumm. And now comes the drawing of the second capital prize of $25,000 of which Isiaor Isaacs, of Modesto, has been awarded $5,000. Mr. Isaaes was in this city the other day, and said in conversa tion, that there was a peculiar circum stance in relation to his securing the luckv ticket. "In the first place." said he. "I sent to San Francisco for a ticket in the Louisiana State lottery, inclosing $1. I received no answer to my A letter and so wrote again, inquiring about it. The agent replied that he had sentrthe ticket by mistake to Isidor Colin, but that I might call at the postof fice and get the letter, as the ticket be longed to me. I went to the postoffice and did not find any letter there for Isidor Cohn, and therefore wrote again to the agent, requesting him to either send me another ticket or refund my money." "He sent me the ticket numbered 58.298. for April Sth drawing the lucky one and right glad I am that the mistake was made, for it was only a little while before I received a dispatch, stating that I had won a $5,000 prize," v nat were your sensations on receiv ing the news ?" W ell, 1 guess I felt about as anv Door man does who suddenly comes into pos session of a good round sum of money like that. I nrst turned hot and then cold, and then came a sudden conviction that the dis patch was not authentic. So I telegraphed to my brother who works in a clothing store in San Francisco, to go to the agent and see if I hadeally won the prize. He did so, and on receiving word from him that it was all right, I made a lively jump for my gripsack, boarded the train, and. on arriving in the city, made a bee-line for the agent's office after my 5,000." J. Boas cashed the check for the luckv man, who left the city for Modesto in high glee, after having feasted and wined him self and friends to their hearts' content. Mr. Isaacs is a clothing store keeDer in Modesto, and has seen some nrettv hard struggles to maintain himself and keep up his business, under heavy competition there, but he is satisfied that, with the present comfortable addition to his little capital, he will be able to increase his stock and trade and become a succesful merchant in that thriving town. Reversing: the Old Maxim. Judge John A. Jameson in a recent con tribution to The North American Keview says that of the things necessary to be done to save our civilization, the first and most important is to caus9 a complete change of attitude on the part of society toward wrong doing. What is now the attitude maintained! It is one either of indifference, toleration or connivance, or one suggestive of paralysis of tno power or indignation and of every faculty needed for the repression of crime. Toward the criminal the attitude of the public is that of weak pity, not unmingled with admiration. The criminal is an unfor tunate man, to save whom from punishment seems to be the chief end of the law. Look for a moment at his trial in a court of justice. The jury, carefully selected for their ignorance, are made judges of both law and fact; to convict they must be unani mous: if tbey have a reasonable doubt of guilt they mu acquit; they are themselves to determine what is a reasonable doubt; and, to crown all, they are instructed that it is better that ten guilty men should escape than one innocent man should be punished. These rules and max ms, devised centuries ago by merciful judges, then met the ends of justice, since, as the laws were, as against the crown officers seeking to convict, a per son accused had no chance of acquittal, for he was allowed neither counsel nor witnesses; but now they operate to screen the guilty from punishment, save in the few cases where there is a general cry yfor vengeance against some atrocious offender. The maxim about the ten guilty men is pressed upon juries by every felon's lawyer, as the great safoguard of private rights. In truth, however, the interests of justice would be best served by making it read: "It is better that ten innocent men should suffer than that one guilty man should escape." Were that declared to be the policy of the law, juries would ba made to feel, not that the innocent were less deserving than before of acquittal, but that the guilty were a hundred times more deserving of conviction and punish ment; and the results would be most salutary. In not one case in a million could an innocent man suffer, and hardly one in a thousand of the guilty, instead of three out of four, as now, would escape. Climbed Him at Last. Through Mail. "Ever in Cahforny?" ask6d a long, lank, lean, lantern-jawed tramp of a man on Cen ter street the other day. "No." "Wa'nt in the boom o' '49, ehf "No." "Never was In the mines in Colorado or New Mexico, eh!" "No." "Don't know nuthin' 'bout minin' a tallP "No." "Wall, I be darned I" said the tramp. "Never was in the war, was yer "Never." v "Knock every button off my pants, if this don't beat alii Ain't a member of the mel- ish?" "I am not a member of the melish." "Wall, blast my hat, if you ain't the hard est man to work for a drink I ever struck. Say, pard, ain't yer never been in the peni tentiary P "Never have." "Well, try me for a hoss thief if I ever see the like. Yer the fust man I ever struck that hadn't done suthin' mean or been to Cal iforny, or in the war, one or t'other. Say, pard, what's yer business?" "I'm a bank cashier from New Jersey." "Jewhillikens! I knowd I'd climb yer yit. Aa' ye've never been in quad Well, by jinks, yer ortertet 'em upr' and he did. Uses of an Enemy. Rev. Dr. Deems. "Always keep an enemy on hand a brisk, healthy, active enemy." The having one is proof that you are some body. Wishy-waihy, empty, worthless pe pie never have enemies. Men who never move never run against anything ; and when a man ia thoroughly dead and utterly buried nothing ever runs against him. To be run against is proof of existence and position; to run against something Is proof of motion. The next best thing to having 100 real friends is to have one open enemy. Train Ins for Concert. Washington Hatchet -V A visiting friend found Simkins with his coat off standing on the door-steps the other night and remarked: "Buttering losar, man, you'll eaten an awful cold out b3re in your shirt sleeves." "That's what T want," said Simkins, cheer fully. "Got to sing a bass solo at an enter- ment to morrow night, you know." Mechanleal Musical Instruments. Chicago Herald. J The first mechanical musical instru ments in which perforated sheet musio was used were classed under the gen eral head of orguinettes, the manufac ture of which . was begun nearly a decade since. The success with which -they met was so si ntaneou3 that the- name under which substan tially the same instrument is now known became legion, and the concerns en-, gaged in their manufacture have in creased in the same ratio. Like most new inventions they were at first crude, cumbersome and complicated, easily getting out of order, and generally but poorly constructed. However, the main principles being correct, the demand which even such poorly constructed goods created stimulated competition, and improvements rapidly followed each other, until the mechanical instru ments of to-day would be hardly recog nizable compared with those originally offered. The common orguinette represents the cheapest style of any automatic in strument ia the market. It is very much admired, and has become quite a favorite, it being neat, compact and simple 'in its construction. It has a full, e'ear tone, is well made, and, in range of music, is practically unlimited. The top is easily raised, or entirely re moved ; the music then laid in, ready to run, the top being then replaced and held in position by springs, the instru ment is read3 for use. A piece of music can be repeated as often as may be required by simply joining the ends together, which are already rnucilaged for this purpose, and then passing the band underneath the orguinette, a space at the bottom being left for the purpose. This is often very convenient when two or more ver verses of a song are to be sung, or in music for round dan cing, where a waltz, polka or schottische needs to be re peated indefinitely. Some of the orguinettes have one large bellows instead of three small ones, filling the entire space uuder the instrument, and constructed upon a new principle, one of the main features be ing its increased wind capacity, en-' abling the performer to render slow or fast music with equal accuracy ; or, in other words, to play the music as orig inally intended. There is an "express ion box" on the top, forming a tone chamber, which, by means of a hinged cover, can be opened or closed by the performer's left hand while playing, thus producing crescendo or diminuendo effects at pleasure. Mr. Sliffln's Terrible Dynamite Gnn. Norwalk (Conn.) Hour. On the floor in one of the rooms of the Norwalk Iron Works company is a long, heavy cylinder. Its length is about twenty-eight feet and the diam eter of the bore is about f pur inches In another department men are at work constructing an air -compressor. When the latter is completed it will be con nected with the tube mentioned above, and what the inventor confidently be hoves will be the most tremendous en gine of war will ba completed and ready for trial. Several years ago, while in Washing ton, a gentleman from Ohio heard a naval officer say that if a gun could be constructed that would throw dynamite it would thoroughly revolutionize mod ern warfare. Mr. Miffin that was the gentleman's name proceeded at once to invent such a gun, and he has reason to believe that it will be a perfect suc cess. It would not do to use powder as a propelling power, for its sudden ac tion would explode the dynamite cart ridge at the start and blow the gun to atoms. Compressed air at a pressure of about 300 pounds to the square inch will take - the place of powder, and the gun now in South Norwalk is expected to throw a three-pound cartridge a distance of two mile3. Imagine the effect of a cartridge of even so small a weight striking the side or deck of a vessel or the ramparts of a fort. The explosion would be terrible in its results. If the gun is a success, others of a size suffi cient to throw 100 pounds of dynamite ten miles will bs constructed. The gun, loaded with sand instead of dynamite, will be tested in South Norwalk at an early day in the presence of naval offi cers, scientific men and others. A Unique Tolnme. Boston Herald. 1 A valuable addition has just been made to the Concord public library by the purchase of a manuscript volume, prepared by Mr. George Tolman, of that town, containing an exact copy of ell the inscriptions on the gravestones and tablets in the two older burial grounds of Concord. The inscriptions are copied, line for line and letter for letter, with all the peculiarities of spell ing and punctuation which appear on the stones, and with even the form of the letters preserved. Several of the stones are over 200 years old, and are sunk in the ground, and so covered with moss, as to render the inscriptions nearly undecipherable. The labor of transcribing these epitaphs has been great, and has occupied Mr. Tolman's leisure for a number of years. The vol ume is a large record book of about five hundred pages,beautifully executed, and contains, beside the inscriptions, a large amount of genealogical notes carefully arranged and indexed. The value of this unique work will increase with 1 1 1 111 1 years, and 11 win douotie3s be con sidered, m a century or two from this time, the most precious treasure in the possession of the library. The book will be preserved in the safe of the library building, and its use guarded with the utmost care. Dickens and the Pill Man. Inter Ocean. Charles Dickens once received a check for 1,000 from Holloway, the pill man, which was placed at the au thor's disposal on condition that one line of complimentary reference t6 Holloway's cures should appear in the book which Dickens M as then publish ing in monthly numbers. Dickens sent the check back by the messenger who brought it without any answer at all. R.K. Bowker: Nature does not in trude her law. It is felt only whea a man runs against it. Nature neve? "nags .