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The Dalles times-mountaineer. [volume] (The Dalles, Or.) 1882-1904, October 27, 1894, Image 2

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The Times-Moontaineer
.OCTOBER. 27. 1S94
There are Democrats and Repub
licaaa who appear inclined to the be'
lief that the cause of all the stagna
tion in business and hard times that
have been suffered for the past two
years has been the failure of congress
to pass a lav providing for the un
, limited coinage of silver. ' While we
'- give these free silverites credit for
, ' honesty in their convictions we are
firmly convinced that they are mis-
taken in their conclusions. t There is
no more reason for believing that the
United States could adopt a different
standard in , weights and measures
from tne remainder of the world and
still be prosperous . than there h that
it can create a double standard re
garding the circulating medium and
: Htill maintain its credit in the mar
kets of the world and retain commer
cial relations with other nations. If
we sell our wheat, ' corn or beef
at a less weight thau the standard in
Earopp we should expect to lose there-
i -i i i Ti '
oy, ana ii we Benu .cugiauu, rruuco
' or Germany a deDreuiated dollar and
expect them to receive it for onejiun-
, , dred cents we are attempting, a dis
' ' honest practice that will operate great
ly to our injury. if we .could sur
, round the country wita ,an impreg
nable wall, isolate ourselves irom tne
l.iariA rf ffrtroiirn nafiina hlrA annmnt
.. , ---
; sparta, perhaps we could soiva cue
- problem of ' riches and poverty by
stamping iron, rocks or wood as coin
, and thus make money so burdensome
that no one would desire its accumu
lation. Bat this cannot be done
The Atlantic cable connects Europe
Ann America, with ft onnnr.ftnt niftana
. of communication, fleets of trading
vessels as .well as palatial steamers
keep both hemispheres in touch with
, each other, and the markets of the
old world control the prices of .pro
, ducts in the new. This inseparable
anion makes a complete and sensitive
nervous system among nations, and
' the least jar or disturbance in one is
lasmuiij ieib iu an tut) piuers. iue
harbinger of the present hard times
was the failure of the great firm of
Baring Bros, in England, and there
' was nervous prostration in the entire
' system when this was followed by the
: closing of. the banks in Austialia.
When the mints of India closed down
the Drice of the silver Droduct of the
United States depreciated, the same
as wheat would if the Liverpool mar
kets were-glutted by an extraordinary
:" supply from Egypt, India or Russia.
, - j.u ib guvarueu uy supply ur uouuuu
tne same as wool or otner proaucts, oe
cause the commercial world trades on
. a gold basis, and this is the only true
representative of value anywhere.
England alone cannot change this,
, neither could the United States, and
the experiment would only result in
injury to the nation making the
: There are certain invariable rules
which govern all commercial trans
actions, and which are simply the
'result of experimental efforts in trade.
These cannot be changed any more
than t.hn hflair - ma Y imo . anI avinmo
- of mathematics. ' , Two times two
make four the world over, and this
means honesty ' in all trans
: . wl:. i v-i .1 j
Gold is the measure of value, and the
market value of silver is variable.
This is also'unchangeable, and honesty
in our relations' with other countries
' demand that no attempt be made
."' to cheat those with whom we deal by
paying them a dollar for one hundred
cents when it is only worth eighty
The rules governing the market value
: of honesty and fairness as the funda
mental rnlpfl nf nnt.hmRtin ' nnrl nt
.deviation is evidence of chicanery and
unfairness, and will injure any nation
; that makes the aHeniDt.
margin of profits. This is a radical
change from conditions that have ex
isted on this side of the Atlantic for
nearly a century, and our citizens are
forced to learn the lessons of thrift
and economy in the school of bitter
adversity. This country has hitherto
been the land of promise for the op
pressed people of Europe; for here
they could not only enjoy a larger
degree of fredom but receive better
pay for their labor. The result of
free trace has been seen during the
past two ynars. Hundreds of thou
sands have been thrown out of em
ployment, and families, who once en
joyed the comforts of life, have been
brought to the verge of starvation.
Want and the most abject misery
have been suffered bv the poorer class
es, and the demands for relief have
become urgent in every city in this
broad land. Instead of a nation, in
which the people were contented and
prosperous, the sympathy of the world
has been elicited for our industrial
ThesRare the two sides to the picture
of Democratic tariff reform The
benefits have accrued to Englishmen,
Frenchmen and Germans, and the
disasters have been suffered by our
own citizen. ' la it patriotism, justice
or honesty to continue a national
policy that will throw our people on
the streets homeless and penniless and
drive them to the highways as tramps
for the benefit of ' the subjects of a
European monarchy, with whom we
can have no special sympathy? It is
not, and there is an urgent necessity
that we should return to the old doc
trine of protection, under which the
United States haa enjoyed the most
unexampled prosperity.
ated and overlooked, and that by both
Protestants and Catholics. He was a
nineteenth, or rather a twentieth, cen
tury reformer, of whom the word is
still unworthy.
-.'.' PrTnflDD A 1T71 A J tXTiTSI A
Vnitnr whn havp iiwnfc tha anm
trier months in Europe says busi
ness is brisk and that times were
never better. ' ' The passage of ' the
Wilson bill at the last session of con
gress has thrown open the markets of
. another country to their products and
this will insure the sale of more of
their fabrics, and consequently the
more coustaut employment of wage'
earners. In the United States there
in) o'r.nllt 7ft ftftft OflO onnanmnra nnI
. these are liberal buyers. The - old
' countries understand this, and manu
facturers have anxiously looked to
ward America, hoping that the walls
of protection would be thrown down,
. and they would have the opportunity
...:u A : j
While the duty on wool has been re
pealed it will remain on the manufac-
a. 1 a I T. . 1 t r
lureu aruuie onui uanuary I, 1030,
J .1 XT 1 f - a
ana tne iew x.ngiana lactones nave a
few months iu which to make sale, nf
their goods before they are forced to
compete with foreigners. To any one
manufacturing districts in the old
world, where there is no opportunity
for diversified employment for wage
earners, the advantage of free trade in
America is apparent at a glance. An
open market means increased trade,
and increased trade gives laborers
better wages. It follows as a natural
sequence the betterment of the 'con
dition of the laboring classes. As a
. i ...
natural result manuiacturers win ie-
ceive greater profits, trade will be
brisk and all classes will be benefited
This is viewing the situation from
the European standpoint; but how is
it from the American? Free trade
forces our people- to the level of the
old world. Toe laborer must be con
tent with the same scale of wages that
prevail in the countries across the ocean
and the trader and manulactarer,
sb git be satisfied with the same small
The death of James Anthony
Froude, a historian whose name has
been familiar on both sides" of the
Atlantic for more than a t-eneration,
is announced. Although, past the al
lotted age of man, the general public,
however it may have been to his per
sonal circle, was not prepared for the
intelligence, says an eastern exchange.
Only a few weeks ago a new book
from his pen, -'The Life and Letters
of Erasmus," appeared in London and
New York, and it is perhaps the most
valuable of all his contributions to
literature. It certainly lacks none of
the wealth of research, depth of
thought' and virility of style which
have madeis name famous.
Mr. Froude came into prominence
as a man of letters in 1S5G, when he
published the first two volumes of his
History of Eusland from the Fall of
Wolsey to ,the Defeat of the Spanish
Armada." Fourteen years later' the
twelfth and last volume of that great
work was published. Few literary
productions ever created so much bos-
tile criticism. , All recognized its
strictly literary merit and its thorough
ness of research, but it was an
attempt to reverse what is usually
called "the verdict of histpry'" in sev
eral respects, but more especially as
regards Henry VI1L He was an ar
dent admirer and a bold apologist of
a sovereign whose name bad always
been held in detestation for his gross
Beesuality and cruelty. . The last of
the Henrys is the Blue Beard of roy
alty, and when Mr. Froude undertook
to present in clear and overshadowing
outlines the better side of his character
and reign there was a loud, shrill cry
of indignation.
The English-speaking people every'
where cling to their pet detestation in
a way suggestive ot devil worship.
J. hey hai an ideal monster . en
shrined in the temple of sovereignty,
and thuy resented the attempt to over
throw and abolish him. Bravely did
Mr. Froude hold his ground. His ad
versaries assailed him with all the
weapons of criticism, but he never
wavered or was vanquished. '
It cannot be said, however, that
Froude succeeded in reversing the
general verdict of mankind as to the
father of Elizabeth ' and the slayer of
her gracious mother. The friend of
his latter years, Mr. Carlisle, was far
more successful in his kindred effort
to reverse the popular verdict on
Oliver Cromwell.. 'It is no longer
good form to repeat the opprobrious
epithets once so freely heaped upon
the great Couoniouer, mourn, over the
first Charles as a martyr, and rejoice
oer the last of the name on the throne
of England as a national blessing.
The hammer of Thor . which the
doughty Scot wielded with such - tre
mendous force was , too' heavy for
Froude. No doubt a good many his
torical details have been corrected as
the result of Froude's researches and
pen, but tne eld sentence ot condem
nation which he tried so hard to hava
set aside still stands.
Incidental reference has been made
to the friendship between Carlyle and
Froude. That friendship strength
ened with the old 'age of the sage of
Chelsea. Durin the later years of
bis life, the friends of his youth, nearly
all gone, the intimacy became so great
that the two were almost inseparable,
and to the yomnger, but still far from
young, Froude, was intrusted the re
sponsibility of being Carlyle's literary
executor. In the discharge of that
trust be gave the world several very
readable volumes on the private and
domestic life of the Carlyles. To
many his exposure of the weaknesses
of his greater friend was severely cen
surable. Certain it is that it would
have been better for the reputation of
Thomas Carlyle if James Anthony
Froude had never been born.
Incidental reference has also been
made to Froude's Erasmus. This
latest volume consists of a series of
lectures recently delivered at Oxford.
These lectures are of exceedingly great
value, Tbey throw a search light of
remarkable power upon one of the
giandest characters of all ages. The
services of Erasmus as a religious and
ethical reformer have been uneetim-
During a speech a few days ago
Professor Wilson was asked bow much
English gold he had returned with to
aid in his re-election, to which he
replied in substance that bad he wished
to be dishonest he could have secured
all the gold he wanted on this side.
The inference being that his love for
the dear people was what prevented
him from selling out to the sugar
t.rust. In commentini! on this
the Pendleton Tr'ibwne says: It
was the interest he has in the wel
fare of the "common people" that
caused him to place wool on the free
list, but when it comes to cut nails,
which is an important industry of
Wheeling, West Virginia, we are told
that the duty was actually increased
from 18.6, as it was in the McKinley
bill, to 25 per. cent on an ad valorem
basis. No provision of the tariff bill
evidences the insincerity of the tariff
tinkers more than this evident boost
to a southern industry. It is quite
evident that ' after all the professor
realizes that it is less hurtful to his
own political interests to put into
practice his theory in the wool grow
ing sections of Oregon than in the
"cut nail city" of. West Virginia. An
eastern exchange, in calling the pro
fessor to task for his hypocrisy, says
that he either believes that a reduction
of tariffs is a good thing for this country,
or he does not. In his public speeches
or he says he believes it. If he be
lieves it, he must believe that it would
benefit the chief city of his state,
Wheeling. Why, then, did he seek
to raise instead of lower the tariff or.
Wheeling's principal industry? If he
doesn't believe that the tariff reduction
is a good thing for all industries, he
is a hypocrite, and bis endeavor to
exempt his own city of Wheeling from
tariff reduction while imposing it on
the industries of other cities and sec
tions is pure cold-blooded selfishness.
The Grand Duke Nicholas, who is
the heir apparent to ;he czar of Russia,
is a good deal of an unknown
qnantity, says the West Coast Trade.
He is young, under oU, has never
taken any prominent position at the
court of his father, and has been de
barred from politics and the army by
official etiquette and inclination. . He
is said to be something of a student
a,nd iB said to have lead a tolerably
cleanly life for a Russian Prince, but
not to impress observers as a man of ,a
hieh order of intelligence or much
force. ' Politically his leanings are
said to be toward Germany and Aus
tria rather than France, and toward
England because of his alliance with
the royal house of that coantry he is
about to make by marriage.' . Princess
Alex of Hesse, daughter of Princess
Alice of England, and grandaughterof
the queen, is to be the future empress
of Russia, and she waa to .have been
received into the Greek church this
week as a preliminrry to the marriage.
The illness of the czar has caused the
suspension of all wedding preparations,
it is said. The doubt seems to be
general whether the czarewitz hes
force of character enough to reign
successfully over the great empire
which his father rules, and this doubt
is not the least of the causes of the
widespread anxiety which ' the ' ap
proaching death of the czar is causing
throughout Europe.
one of the proprietors of the Seattle
Post Intelligencer, was one of the
passengers, and there were two or
three other prominent citizens on
hoard. By orders from the secretary
of the navy one or more revenue cut
tsrs have been dispatched to make a
search for the missing vesael. It. may
bs expected in a few days that the
mystery surrounding the ill-fated ves
sel will be cleared up.
The loss of the large raft of piles
which left the mouth of the Columbia
river for San Francisco will be very
discouraging to the residents of the
heavily timbered regions in the west
ern portions of the state, who expected
bv this means, to have an available
market for their lumber. As the
weather was very stormy it is con
fidently expected that under other
circunistanceRgthe venture would have
been successful. " It is hoped that
another attempt may yet be made,
and that the next one will be under
more favorable conditions.
It may be true that business is im
proved somewhat on the unsettled
condition in which it was . when the
tariff measure was before congress. Of
course matters have become certain,
and there is at least a knowledge of the
policy that will be pursued by the
Democratic party during its control
of national affairs. Business men, in
the exercise ot common sense, are
adapting themselves to circumstances,
and they understand that margins are
smaller and that. sales ruuat be in
creased, lrade must be done on a
different basis than heretofore, and
transactions must be readjusted to the
altered conditions.
There are protection breezes blow
ing in many states, end Democratic
deraagogism cannot ward off the ap
proachmg cyclone, ihe people are
hungry and must have bread. They
expected it of the Democratic party;
but instead of it they received a stone.
Next month will show that the trend
of public opinion is in favor of the old
party and protection to American in
dustries. A change has been tried,
and it has resulted very disastrously
lake the prodigal son, the American
people have eaten husks given them
by foreign free traders locg enough.
They dexire to return to their father's
house, and be fed on the fatted calf.
The death of the czir of Jiussia,
which may be expected any day, will
have its effects upon the politics of
Europe. Like his father, the present
ruler has been very conservative, and
while Russia's boundaries has been
increased in Asia, it cannot be said that
either of these potentates were as ag
gressive as their predecessor, Nioholas.
The father freed the serfs, and the son
has been the idol of the peasantry.
Although generally receiving the
blame for arbitrary and cruel acta the
policy of the empire has been dictated
more frequently by the tuibisters in
charge of the government than by the
czar himself. To change rulers at
this time, and place one at the head of
the empire with less conservatism, will
endanger the peace of Europe. The
monarchies of the old world are
thoroughly equipped for war, and the
least unskillful move on the political
chessboard 'may impel a bloody and
lasting i'ocflict. "Old men for coun
sel" is a truthful proverb, and when
the crown of Alexander falls on the
czarowitz the fire of youth and inex
perience may cause hasty action which
might be prevented by conservative
diplomacy. - -'
Prince Alix at Livldio.
Lividia, Oct. 23 Princess Alix, of
Hesse-Darmstadt, the betbothed wife of
the czarnwitch. arrived here at 5 SO yes
terday, accompanied by Graod Duchess
Serai us. of Russia. The princess W4
met at the Russian IroDtier by OraDd
Duchess Uergius. At Aluslha the bude
eiect was welcomed by the rzirowitcb
and bis uncle, Grand Duke Scrgius. A
the princets and party drove through
Yalta, the czarowitch and his intended
wife, seated side by side, were heartily
cheered by crowds. The imperial cas
tle was reached at dusk, aod Prince6S
Alix was immediately conducted into the
presence of the tzar and czarina. Ihe
imperial sufferer greeted the princess
with every mark of affection. The bride
elect, accompauied by the czarina sod
other members of the imperial family,
proceeded to the chapel of the castle.
A solemn religious service was then con
ducted, Princeea Alix kneeling beside
the empress", joiniDg in long and fervent
supplications offered for the recovery of
the czar. Alter the religious ceremony
the princess and imperial party returned
to the room occupied by the czar. The
Grand Duke and Duchess Viadiimr, the
former a brother of the emperor, atrived
Suuday, and the king ol Greece is on bis
way from Vienna.
'Professor McrzchjW9ki, specialist in
nervous diseases, who was supposed to
have been summoned to attend the ozar
ina, has returned to St. Petersburg, from
which it is presumed there is no troth in
the sensational stories circulated regard
ing the health of ber majesty.
ew York louoornt. .
New YonK, Oct. 23 Senator Hill
visited the Democratic headquarters to
day. He received a number of callers,
among them Senator Faulkner, who will
consult with the Grace and Tammany
wings ot the Democracy, regarding the
congressional nominations Other callers
were E. Ellery Anderson and Bonrke
Cockran. Senator Faulkner, after bis
conference with Hill, said the latter
agreed with bim that if there was to be
a Democratic congressional delegation
returned from New York city, it waa im
perative only one Democratic caoditate
run in each district. Hill thought Tam
many ought to compromise in the in
terest of Democracy. At noon General
flcklcs withdrew as the candidate of
Tammany hall in the tenth congres
sional district.
At the Democratic headquarters It Is
said that arrangements have been made
regarding the congressional nominees,
whereby General Sickles and J. S. Walab,
Tammany candidates, wiil withdraw, and
Amos J. Oumminga and Jacob A. Cantor
wilt remain on the ticket.
A Crank.
New York, Oct. 23 A man named
Reilly, who says be is a marblecutter,
has been arrested in Newark, where be
was seen .with the striking cloakmakers
who went to attack the bouse of a man
named Gillard, where work was being
done for a New York factory. In his
pockets were found letters addressed to
Mrs. William K. Vanderbilt, Cuauncey
M. Djpew, Gaorge Gould and Superin
tendent Byrnes. He said the one to
Byrnes was simply a query whether be
received a letter lrom Reilly about a
recent mysterious murder, in which a
description of the murderer was given.
The others were of a rambling1 nature,
half begging and half threatenirr. He
told the police be would do anything to
help the strikers and down the capitalists.
and the last few .days he patrolled the
avenues near Vanderbilfs home watching
for an opportunity to kill some of the
family. He says be has written several
letters to President Cleveland.
Juiio L mcT'iro. v ni ed t : a ranch '"
Francisco Per z. near (he vil age ot Ju
stotimlao, this district, and killed Mr.
Perez and tour ot nis employes A force
of rural guards pursued them aod cap
tured three, including Longoro. All ol
them will be shot."
Blown l'p.
St. Locib. Oct. 23 H W D-immes-grocery
sb.re, on B ddle and Ninth
streets, was blown to ruins by a myftnr
ions explosion just before noon, and five
persons badly nurt, the injuries of one
being thought fatal.
The Tone Hako
Chemulpo, Corea, Oct. 24 The paci
fication of the country is seriously im
peded by the Tong Haks, who, although
unarmed, are a standing menace to Jap
anese interests on account of spreading a
propaganda of mistrust of th Japanese.
The latter are scattering silver about the
country with the object of purchasing
the favor ot the people, and it is slated
100,000 yen haB been distributed about
Seoul alone.
On the battlefield of Ping are many
dead Chinese psitially putrified, and the
stench is terrible. It is now repotted
the Cninese infantry cut through the
Japanese at PiDg Yang, bur it is said the
Chinese cavalry were easily destroyed, as
the horses stuck in the mud and the
riders were shot before tbey could ex
tricxte the animals. Many Japanese are
suffering from dysentery, and numoers
have been brought to Chemulpo, where
they were landed at night. Additional
forces of Japanese and Coreans left Seoul
October 15, going southward to quell
the disturbances raised by the Tong Haks.
War prices prevail here.
Henutorlal Room.
Winchester, Ky ., Oct. 24 The boom
for Colonel W. C. P. Breckinridge for
United States senator seems to be fairly
underway, The Indications are that be
will develop streugth that will surprise
bis enemies. There are many who are
willing to forgive and to forget now that
be is rebuked, and his candidacy will re.
ceive favor in quarters where it failed
before. At a meeting in Winchester yes'
terday, be spoke to several thousand peo
pie. Hundreds were turned awav from
(be opera-house becaue tbey were uoahl
to gain admisrion. The people of Mar-
tiDsbnrg, where Colonel Breckinncg
spoke lust Saturday, have instructed the
prospective members of the legislature
from Carter atxl Elliott counties, to vote
far Co'.ouel Breckinridge.
.HDch fleaned.
St. Loch, Oct. 24 Vice-President
Stevenson and party reached here this
morning. Stevenson expressed himself
as delighted with his trip through Mis
e'iuri. He estimated that be addressed
80.000t people dur'cg the trip. After
breakfast S'eveneon left at 8 o'c.ock tr
New l'ork.
Will Accept
Paris, Oct 24 L ilotm, commenting
on the situation in Madagascar, says the
Hovas are likely to accept the conditions
presented by France. The natives prefer
that the French should achieve a diplo
matic victory rather than a conquest of
the island.
Port Arthur.
London, Oct. 24 A Yokohama dis
patch says that fighting took place near
Port Arthur on the 23d instant. It is
believed that the Japanese troops en
gaged were 30,000 men who recently
left Hiroshima. .
ttoac Mwauped.
Astoria, Or., Oct. 24 The storm last
ugbt aod this morning was one of lb
most severe that has been experienced
here iu many years, but, fortunately
both life and property escaped without
injury. But one mishnp waa reported,
boat, belonging to George Kaboth,
seiner, having been swamped in Catb
lamet bav, where the full fury of the
Storm was felt. Kaboth s large Dsbin
sdow, on wb'ch were accommodations
for both men and horses, was on the wa
down with a seining ciew and five horses
from the owners seining grouod at Be
Bacon sands, in tow of the steamer 0. K
when the storm was encountered. . The
waves washed completely over the deck
bouse and those on board almost
despaired of reaching tbtir destination
General Miles is a soldier, and a
brave one; but he is' not accustomed
to the ordinary criticism that public
men receive in civil life. In his an
nual report on the Chicago riots, he
used the expression that the discipline
and forbearance of the regular soldiers
bad saved the country from a serious
rebellion,'' when one had been publicly
declared to exist by the one most res
ponsible for its existence." ' The gen
eral manager of the Associated
Press telegraphed him for an
explanation, , whether he referred
to President Cleveland or Debs
as the one who was "most respon
sible for its existence." His answer
is very unsatisfactory, and he says the
language in his annual report "does
not warrant any such absurd miscon
struction as is contained in the dis
patch." ThiB will not satisfy the
public as regards the import of Gen.
Miles language regarding tne one
responsible for the existence of the
disturbance, and either President
Cleveland or Debs could be considered
the subject of the sentence. A cour
teous explanation could have been
made by Gen, Miles, and no further
publicity of the matter would have
been had. Aa it is, the language will
be construed to suit the desire of the
In Venrzaela-
New York, Oct. 25 A special from
Caracas, Venezuela, s&jb: "It is reported
that the cabinet, feeling that it is Impos
sible to sustain President Crispo, will
resign. Early yesterday a crowd gathered
near the prison to liberate General Pi-
nasgo. A figbt ensued witb the police
and several persons were killed. The mob
was finally driven off by troops. More
newspaper editors have been arrested for
criticizing tbe government. Five of a
band organized to kidnap President
Crispo, were killed in a riot at Maricaibo
and seven were captured. Tbe latter
divulged a plot to proclaim a provisional
government with General X. Pinango at
tbe bead. The government has ordered
tbe seizure of all arms and ammunition
on sale in shops. Many houses, are being
searched lor . suspects. The streets are
patrolled by troops. Warrants bave
been issued for the arrest of seven high
military officials. ' .' . ;
London, Oct. 23 A Shanghai dispatch
ays the Chinese fleet which recently
left Port Arthur, has reached Wei Nei.
Tbe taatai of Shanghai has requested
foreign consuls to warn tbe subjpets of
their governments to avoid localities
where large bodies of Chinese are sta
tioned. He also requested that all
Japanese residents of China, to whom be
refers as "Fawning pigmies," shall
register at the city of Tien-Tern by tbe
zutn prox .
Reports have been received in Shane
nai mat two boats connected with the
torpedo service have been blown up at
laku and eight persons killed and two
wounded la the disaster.
Boundary Dispute,
City of Mexico, Oct. 25 Advices
from Guatemala received in this city con
firm tbe report that President Barrios it
trying to make a scapegoat of Miles
Rock, tbe American engineer, responsible
for tbe present boundary between Chiapas
and Guatemala. Tbe American Land Com
pany, in which Barrios is interested,
would lose heavilv on its property if
Mexico should gam ber point. .
Tbe JapaneHe Uiet.
Hiroshima, uct. Z3 a. special .seS'
sion of tbe Japanese diet closed yester
day. Every measure, presented was
unanimously passed. A memorial was
adopted urging the government to ex.
ecute tbe desire of the mikado witb
view to the- restoration of peace in the
east, the increase of the glory ot Japan
tue punmumeni. oi unina ana the pre
vention of future disturbances of
eastern peace. Tbe memorial concludes
witb tbe declaration toat Japao will not
tolerate interfereuce by any notion to
prevent ber obtaining tbe ultimate
objects of the war which she has been
waging against China.
. . .
lie Knew tbe Worxt.
Berlin, Oct. 25 A St. Petersburg dis
patch says that tbe czar heard the inti
mation of bis physicians that bis case
was hopeless, with great bravery. He at
once ordered the settlement of the matter
of the succession to tbe imperial throne.
and expressed a wisb to bestow his bless
ing upon the czarowicth and Princess
Alix. '
Ta Ke Hanged.
Columbia, S. C, Oct. 23 Jack Bla
don, one of Tillman's dispensary con
stables, who killed the first man, a negio
for violating the dlspeosary law, in Soar
tanburgn county last April baa since been
found guilty of murder, and sentenced to
be hanged Bladon tried to arret! the
pegro, who fled, whereupon Elan don shot
and killed him, Bladon bad been shot
in tbe figbt which proceeded tbe arrest
by one of the negroe's friends. 8 nee
tbe deed Biadon has been returned on the
force, and be took part in the Darlington
riot, . It is believed his sentence will be
commuted by Governor Tillman,
President Cleveland, when asked to
join the European powers in a friendly
intervention in the China-Japan war,
used the choicest diplomatic language
to convey the impression to the Euro
peans that Uncle Sam had grown great
and rich by keeping his fingers out of
other people s affairs, and that he in
tended to keep up that policy.
Gov. McKinley has calked protec
tion over tbe country, and gave an
address on this question one day this
week in New Orleans. The south, for
a number of years, has been tbe home
of free traders, and McKinley liter
ally carried the war into Africa, But
the change that took place in 1892
has educated the people all over the
country to the benefits of protections,
and hereafter this economic policy will
be national in a more emphatic sense
than it ever was before.
No intelligence has been received of
tbe Jvanhoe, and it is feared she haa
been wrecked. Hon. f. J. Grant, -
Fall of a Handing.
Chicago, Oct. 33 A 6ve story brick
building 428 Wells street, in process of
construction, couapsea today, burying
several woramen in tne rums. Two men
could be heard calling for helo from
.under tbe debris, and it is thought five
or pix more' were caugnt. All the work
men escaped except Michael Rose a
carpenter, and an Italian named Garoni.
Tbey were soon rescued, aod though
badly crushed, will probably recover.
Catarrh in the Head
An Unfortunate Inheritance How
It Was Destroyed.
"Spokane, Wash., Aug. 9, 1883.
C I. Hood & Co., Lowell, Mass.:
"Gentlemen: I wish to add my testimony to
the worth of Hood's Sarsaparilla. My little
girl has been cured by it of inherited catarrh.
She had colds continually every month and yel
low discharge, but since taking Hood's Sarsa-
pari Ha has been entirely cured. Hood's Sar
saparilla I hav found of great help to my
other children." Mrs. L. JL Gillette, f
Hood's Pills are baud made, and perfect
In proportion and appearance. 25c per box.
Bura'.ic Humor.
Drain, Or., Oct. 23 John McMahon,
tbe Southern Pacific Company' track
walker, left Comstock, nine miles north
of here, about 11 o'clock Monday night.
tie was oeia up by nvn whese faces
were blicked, but when tbey attempted
to stop him, be drew bis gun, stood them
off aod came to town aod reported to the
company. Parlies tent out to tbe place
learned that the hold-up was dnno for a
joke by men in the country near by.
Brlgandx. -
Panama, Oct. 23 Advices from Lima
Peru, state that a vandal act has been
perpetrated on Arequipa observatory.
Brigands are reported to bave stolen all
of tbe valuable instruments and de
stroyed tbe buileings. Tbe observatory
was established by Harvard university.
and wag one of the finest equipped in tbe
world. It is believed the United States
will demand reparation.
For Harmony.
New Yobk, Oct. 24 Very little was
said at Democratic state baadquartera to
dav about the efforts of Senator Fau'k
oer to Induce harmony in this city
between tbe Democratio factions. Tbe
general impression seems that Tamm my
will not asK any of its candidates
withdraw. Congressman Cummins said
to a reporter today that General Sickles
and himself would obey the orders .of the
party. This statement is taken to indi
cate that Sickles may not be withdrawn
if Grace demaada it. Ao official inlor
million has been received at the bead
quarters as to Cleveland .
Relieved by Operations.
LiOitdon, uct. 554 A medical corre
spondent telegraphs from Lividia this
afternoon saying the czar bas been much
relieved by the puncture of his legs,
which is reducing the oedema. Prepara
tions are being made for an operation of
thoracentesis to relieve tbe effusion into
the thoracic cavity which will doubtless
relieve the distressed breathing of tbe
patient. Oxygen inflations bave already
strengntenea the action of the heart
and tbe czir bas enjoyed many hours of
rest, but, says the correspondent, there is
little or no improvement in bis malady
The C'xar Vry Drowsy.
London, Oct. 24 A Moscow corre
spondent telegraphs that tbe drowsiness
with which tbe czr hag been affected is
increasing, and that it is almost impos
sible for bis majesty to keep awake
excent when be attacked by1 nervous
spasms which frequently seize , bim
Nevertheless, he is able to take and
retain .food . ; -
The- wedding of the czaro witch and
Princess Alix depends entirely upon the
condition or bis majesty, but will take
place either today or tomorrow. ' ,
Orenionlea Becnn.
Paris, Oct . 24 A telrgram from
Odessa says the marriage of tbe czro
witch to Princess Alix of Hesse-Darm
stadt begun this morning at Livadia. A
telegram bas been received at Darmstadt
announcing the conversion of the Prin
cess Alix to tbe Greek faith, took place
yesterday in tbe presence ot tbe procur
ator general of the holy synod Pobedooo
teff, in the strictest privacy.
In Minneapolis.
Minneapolis, Oct. . 24 Thomas B.
Reed arrived bere today. Ha was fhown
about tbe city, and made a brief speech
to the high school students and on
Change complimentary to the city and
tne iNorinwesc. ai I ociock he was
driven to Senator Wash bum's residence,
at Fair Oak 8, for lunch. Tonight he'
speaks at exposition bail.
Against Malays,
Madrid, Oct. 24 A cablegram bas benn
received by the government from the
governor ot tbe Philippine islands, saying
1000 men of the expedition sent against
the Mai ay g of the island of Mindo bave
reached tbe left bank of the river Agul,
where they are erecting fortifications.
rtiB dispatch also says tbe Dowerful
Chiefs have submitted.
Blown l'p. '
Aberdeen, Scotland, Oct 24 A dis
patch from Peterhead, a seaport 25 mile
from bere, announces the Swedish schoon
er Alene, loaded with gunpowder, bad
been blown up. Within two minutes
after the explosion nothing waa seen on
the surface of the water but splinters
from tbe schooner. - All the crew per
ished .
Unreliable War Slews.
Yokohama, Oct . 25 -It is reasserted
that the army corps under Field Marshal
Count Oyama, formerly minister of war,
has effected a landing at Seikicsso, near
Port Arthur. It is also again asserted
that tbe Japanese army under Field Mar
shal Yamagata bas successfully crossed
the Yalu river and entered Manchuria.
It was announced September 2C that
Field Marshal Connt Oyama sailed from
Hiroshima with tbe 'second Japanese
squadron. Since then it bas been repeat
edly asserted that tbe Japanese bad
effected a lacding near Port Arthur, and
it bas been stated a report waa current
that this important place bad been
captured by tbe Japanese. Oa tbe other
band, tbe Japanese bave several times
been reported as having crossed the Yalu
nver and also as" having been repulsed.
For instance, October 9 Shanghai dis-
patch stated that Field Marshal Oyama
bad crossed the Yalu river, and tbe last
time be was reported repulsed was
October 23, when it was asserted that
both sides lost 3000 men in an engage
inent, which resulted in tbe Japanese
being driven southward. If tbe Japa
nese have been so uniformly successful
in tneir operations against tbe Chinese, it
is difficult to understand bow they bave
so many ot their soldiers wounded and
sent to tbe rear. A dispatch sent from
Chemulpo, October 22, announced that
loOO wounded Japanese had arrived
tbere. It is asserted there was a large
oumoer oi Japanese wounded at Seoul.
and it is stated '2100 wounded Japanese
soldiers bad already been sent back to
that country. Supposing a large number
to mean another I'OOO, this would show
tbat tbe whereabouts of about 6000
wounded are already known at Chemulpo,
and it is safe to assume this number does
not include those engaged in tbe recent
tights said to bave occurred about the
Yalu river.
Veasel Monk.
Southampton, Oot. 25 A collision
between tbe steamship Paris, Captain
Watkios, which arrived here last nigbt
lrom New York, and an unknown ship,
which sank soon afterward, as cabled, is
the subject of an investigation by agents
of the line. The collision took place be
tween 1 :30 and 2 a. M. Wednesday, dur
ing thick weather, accompanied by i
heavy rain.' As Boon after tbe collision
as possible tbe Paris was put about aod
search made lor tbe ship, wbicn, although
sighted lor a moment, disappeared before
a lifeboat could be lowered, and nothing
more waa seen of it, although the Paris
searched for the ship until daylight.
Tbe liner was eventually compelled to
proceed lor this port without having
sighted tbe wrecked vessel again, cr hav
ing saved any of tbe crew. The Pvris
was injured wben she arrived bere. It was
reported the vessel with which the Paris
collided showed a signal of distress after
the collision, and screams were heard
aboard ber. She displayed a white light
about three minutes before the collision.
It was added, however, that no red or
green light was visible after the steamer
struck the unknown ship.
Victory Reported.
London, JOct. 25 A dispatch from
Wi-Ju says the commander of tbe Japa
nese forces in Corea reports to bis gov
ernment that Oetober 24, with a detach
ment of 1600 Japanese, be met a body of
Chinese at Snkocbin, across tbe Yalu
nver. me uninese tied, leaving two
cannon and considerable arms. Tbe Chi -
nese lost 20 killed and wounded. Tbe
Japanese suffered no loss. The Japanese
seized the fort near tbe scene ot tbe en
gagement. The main bodv of the
apanese are now crossing tbe Yalu river.
The Japanese forces which crossed th
Yalu river at Suko-Chin captured the
Chinese works with a rush. The Chinese
took refuge further down the river. . The
passage of tbe main body of Japanese
across tbe river will probably be made
tbe 25th . A report is current that tbe
entire effective Chinese force is en
trenched close to the Yalu river on
Moukden road . Tbe main attack on the
Chinese will be made Sunday.
Improperly Treated.
London, Oct. 25 A St. Petersburg
dispatch tbii morning says there it a
general feeling of indignation against
Professor Zarscharin whose mistaken
diagnosis in tbe first place, it is claimed,
was rended more injurious to the pa
tient by the protestor's negligence and
lack ot medical skill. Professor Zr
scbaria will be severely blamed accord
ing to these advices, by Professor Leyden,
aod it is aserted that should tbe czar die
it will be because proper treaiment was
not undertaken in time. The dispatches
add tbit since the crisis, tbe cztnaa bat
been subject to continual trembling and
syncope, lesterday the condition of the
czar varied between drowsiness and com
parative cheerfulness. During one
r latter penodt the caar said hn had
been left alene with the czarowitcb an
hour, and bad directed tbe leaving of
message of farewell to Russia, which will
be issued upon his death.
We are selling more
Goods than ever
We are paying More for Produce
Than any other Dealer in The Dalles
Rubber Boots, Ladies, Misses, Child's Rubbers
And Arc-fin OvArclinAa
Oppooita Diamond Flooring MUla
The lew Columbia Hotel
This large and popular house does the principal hotel busi
ness, and is prepared to furnish the Best Accom
modations of any house in the city,
and at the low rate of
81 Per Day.
First-Class Meals, 25 Cents
Office for all STAGE LINES leaving The Dalles for all points
in Eastern Oregon, and Eastern Washington,
is located in this Hotel. 1
T. T. NICHOLAS, Proprietor.
Cor. Front and Union Sts The Dalles, Oregon
Portland Uiiiyei'sity
Location Beautiful, Healthful and Free
From All Places of Temptation.
Best instruction in College, Preparatory, Normal and Business
Courses, also in Theology, Music and Art. '
State Diplomas for Normal and. Diplomas for all courses.
Board in West Hall, Club-Houses or private familes.
Hundred to Two Hundred per year for board and tuition. .
Fall Term Opens September 18.
i ' 1 1
Catalogues sent free. Address : (
,C. C! STRATTON, D. D., President.
" Or TH0S. VAN SCOY, Dean.
- Jjonrenao narqora. '
Locreszo Marqckz, Delagha Bay,
Oct. 23 Tbe dbamber of commerce bat
cabipd tbe Portncneee snvtromect tbat
tbe condition of affairs bere is unbear
able. Ba8ioe8t is ruioed and aa epidemic
threatened. Portugal in ured to bave
tbe Traasraal government send troops.
KewTcbk, Oct, 23 A special from
Tepititan, Mexico, sajs: "A bund of
hrigandf, led by tbe notorious outlaw,
Franre and HnMNta.
Paris, Oct. 24 La Yeriie publishes a
positive statement, said to be on the
authority of H Roossel, to tbe effect tbat
secret agreement exisu between France
nd Russia as to the terms upon wbicn
the two countriea .will take joint action
in view ot possible contingencies.
G1.OUCE8TEB, Oct. 24 Captain Jame
son, of tbe scnooner Dora Lawton, from
Grand Banks, today, reports tbe loss of
four men by tbe capsizing ot dories while
attending tbe trawls.
Loudon, Oct. 14 A St. Petersburg
dispatch says tbe death of Grand Duke
George, second son of tbe czar, who is
suffering with lung trouble, is a question
of a few days.
A tante in a rhnrrh.
St. PETEitsBuo,; Oct. 25 During tbe
consecration of a church in tbe village of
Trokh, near Ostdoviansky, in the Don
province, a lamp was upset. A erf of
tire was raised and a Dime followed
ijunng ine rusn for the doors two
women aad tbre children were tram Died
10 u emu auu at seriously injured.
- Drawn the Line.
BKTu.ru, Oct. 25 A Livadia dispatch
confirms the reports that Princess Alix
steadfastly refused to anathematize ber
former faith id obedience to tbe rites of
the orthodox Greek church.' Even the
efforts of the czar have not shaken ber
Highest Honors World Fair.
A pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder. Fnt
from Ammonia, Alum or any other adulterant.
Collateral Bank and Auction Eoom
SECOND STOKE!. OppodU Ward, Kwnt Bobarton'a Urvy BUblf
Second-Hand Furniture Bought and Sold
Money Loaned on Jewelry and Other Valuables.
property placed with me at a raMuxuble eou.mliloo. Give me a sail. K. B. HOOD.
Yfiii Ham Minn) Ms to Pirnta.
Who always sella as low as the lowest in the city. On'account of a circular
quite generally distributed through this section by the agent of the American
Book Company, the price list of school books published in September, 1891, is
hereby withdrawn: all the prices in tbat list being lower than thor
aent claim) are the proper retail prices, for new prices inquire at bis sto
14S3 Second Street. THK DALLEH, OKJCOOISf
In anticipation of a revival of business activity
we bought an enormous large line of MEN'S
winter which we have placed on the market at
prices to suit the times.
The Dalles, Or,

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