Newspaper Page Text
SATURDAY MAY 11, 1895
A FALSE ISSUE. - The Republican press are devoting too much attention to the monetary ques- 1 tion, as if it were a new issue upon which the party had to formulate a ' platform of principles and were step ping around, like a man in a miry road, to find solid footing. When the ' necessities of the civil war forced the government to issue paper currency this question of finance was thoroughly discussed, and the conclusions arrived at were definite and the result of con summate wisdom in unraveling the intricacies that surrounded the sub ject. At that time the Republican party said that every obligation of the United States would be paid in the standard coin of the world, and there has been no deviation from this at any time since. ' When the secretary of the treasury called in any bonds they were paid in gold, the measure of value of the commercial world, and to have offered silver to the holder would have been repudiation to th 9. amount of the difference between the standard and the subsidiary coin. This principle of honesty, followed for over thirty years, has established the national credit on a safe basis, and . our securities are eagerly sought in all foreign countries. If any other plan had been pursued, it would have been most disastrous to the country, and the United States would been placed in the same list with . South American states and other na- ' tions whose credit i9 not considered first-class in the markets of the world. This sound financial policy has not only been very successful in our rela tion with European countries; but it has so produced the most bene ficial results at home. After the war . the industries of the nation were wrecked and ruined, and these were re-established on a firmer and better basis than ever before. . The direful effects of the conflict, both north and south, were overcome, and the country enjoyed unexampled prosperity . for ' over a quarter of a century until Dem ocracy attempted a change in the tariff system. Never in the history of the world has any nation had a better monetary policy. Silver is taken the same as gold, and, by reason of the treasury redeeming paper whenever presented, greenbacks pass for their face value in all transactions. There is no depreciated currency, and no disturbance is suffered in any busi ness transaction by the failure of . banks. The people could desire nothing better or on a safer basis. There was no complaint about the financian policy, until the dreadful results caused by Democratic free traders began to be felt all over the nation, and then the attempt was made to attract attention to another -than the actuating cause. A few Dem ocrats and the Pomilist party sounded an alarm that the single standard was detrimental to the best interests of the country, and had impelled the hard times that -were being experienced, Nothing could be farther from the true facts in the case, and the people gen - eraiiy ana tne factory owners, cap italists, and wage-earners in particular required no argument to disprove this statement. Republicans should let it. alone, and not waste ammunition on a man of straw that is simply placed in position to attract their fire from a more vulnerable part of the enemyis works. The protective doctrine of the . party surved the country during the civil war, restored growth and pros perity to our manuiactoring industries, and are able to restore the nation to its former conditions. In finantial matters the nation has followed a safe policy for over thirty years, and a . change now to an untried theory would be very unwise. But protection is the true American policy, and is the only one under which it has prospered. All questions must be subservant to this, and the campaign of 1896 must be fought out on this line from begin ning to end. RUSSIA. The latest dispatches from the orient indicate that the treaty between China and Japan, as modified by the latter country, has not been ratified, and Russia has cleared her ships for action in the harbor -of Che Foo. During the last few years Russia has extended her borders toward China, and she is determined that Manchuria shall not be occupied by the victorious Japanese as a portion of the fruits of conquest of China. To make her negation more emphatic Germany and Trance have joined the autocrat of the north, and these three allied powers have been preparing for some time past to choke off the little island empire from the piece of meat that she has fairly won. There is a diplomatic term called V "balance of power," little understood outside of European poli tics, that may have some application to this case, and these countries may consider that the new territory ac quired will give Japan more than her share of the map of the' world or some strategic points which would interfere with the plans of the ethers. The one most interested in blocking the game is Russia, and for what purpose is easily ascertained. Since Peter the Great established the throne of the Romanoffs a continuous aggressive policy has been followed and territory constantly added to the domain. In nearly every instance' the condition of the conquered country has been im proved, and a stable government estab lished where nomadic tribes warred with each other under hereditary chiefs; but free institutions have never been attempted, and the change has been from semi-barbarism to a sort of civilization. These acquisitions of Russia have been actuated by merce nary motives, and her treasury has been augmented and her subjects in creased by the methods followed. To gether with a large domain she has desired an outlet on some ocean, other than the ice-clad one in the north, and the ulterior object of this late menace to Japan is unquestionably in this di rection. If she succeeds she will soon have ports on the Pacific.and her later dream, since she has been balked in having a seaport on the Mediterranean, will be realized. But the world will not feel any exultation in her success, and it is doubtful if the new . and vig orous civilization of Japan would not be as beneficial to the human" race as the old one of priest-ridden and auto cratic Russia. -HOME- INDUSTRIES. During the past few years the north west has beenreceiving practical les sons in economy, and, in a measure, has been benefited thereby. While In - some instances practical tests have been made, in others simply memoriz-. ing the theories have been satisfactory. 1 The farmers of Wasco and adjoining counties have attempted diversified farming with good success; but this must be followed to a larger extent be fore the greatest benefits will be de rived. Hog raising has been engaged in with good returns, and we are satis fied more attention will be given to this in the future. But there are other matters that should engage the farm ers attention. There are many articles that still come from a distance that could be produced at home, and which would make every community self supporting and tend to increase the amount of money in circulation. There are canned fruits on sale in our stores that come from California and the Willamette that could be put up at The Dalles as cheaply; and, again, there is not a broom factory east of the Cascades, and the climate is adapted to the growth of broom corn. Every dollar sent away for an article that could be raised or made here is so much wasted, and tends to stop the development of the industries of the city . and make it subservient to other points. Self-reliance is the greatest impelling force in the growth of individuals, and the same is true of cities. The child that is never allowed to think or act for himself developes into a puny man, and the community that depends upon others for everything the people eat or wear will never enjoy independence or be prosperous or wealthy. With unbounded resources, a delightful cli mate and a fertile soil The Dalles, could have a large export trade in fruit fish and other necessities and com modities, instead of depending almost entirely upon California and the Wil lamette valley for everything eaten and worn and for household deli- BUSINESS PLUCK. The example of Seattle, in subscrib ing the amount of the subsidy for the Lake Washington canal, is worthy of imitation by every community in the northwest. She does not depend upon government aid to begin the great project of connecting the water of the lake with the sound, but, with a spirit of enterprise that always augurs suc cess, her business men loosens their purse strings, and the amount required is forthcoming. Seattle has felt the results of the depression in business the same as other cities, but in this emergency raised $500,000 for the com mencement of an improvement that will give her the best harbor on the north Pacific coast. Such a spirit will succeed, and this great undertaking will be accomplished, although the work will cost $7,000,000. Six years ago, when fire devastated that city and left her brick and stone blocks in ruins, her business men began to re build almost before the ashes had cooled, and in a little while more beau tiful and substantial structures took the place of the shapeless debris. And ever since she has displayed the same indomitable pluck and energy. When the great financial crash para lyzed certain communities Seattle did not suffer a single bank failure, and weathered the storm without the least noticeable effect on her business pros perity. Her action in subscribing the subsidy required for the canal is only in line with the advancement she has made against every obstacle that has impeded her progress in the last few years. This is an excellent illustra tion of self-reliance and inherent strength in a city, and is an example that others should follow. There are Oregon towns that possess natural re sources that have apparently suffered or enjoyed the sleep of death for the past quarter of a century, because they did not have the grit, self-reliance or inherent strength to push forward and reap the advantages of their loca tion. They do not grow or prosper, and every financial disaster leaves them in a much more deplorable condition than before. Constantly asking and expecting aid from the government or state for the improvement of natural facilities for trade they display not the least energy in the direction of help ing themselves. If they would learn the true elements of success they would know that in as far as they do this they will be entitled to aid from others. It is the same with commu nities as with men. Victory is the reward of earnest effort and untiring energy, and is never awarded to the indolent and dependent. THE HAWAIIAN INCIDENT. For some time it has been known that the relations between Minister Thurston, of the Sandwich islands, and the state department had not been amicable, and, at the request of this government, be had been recalled. What caused this breach between Mr, Thurston and Mr. Gresham was. not made public until yesterday, when the steamer from Honolulu brought the letter of the secretary of state to the Hawaiian president regarding the matter. It seems that Thurston had permitted to be published some private correspondence he had received from Honolulu, intimating that the recent revolution had not been dealt with by the present administration as it should have been by a neutral power,and that Mr. Willis,in Honolulu, had hampered the authorities in prosecuting those who had inaugurated' the late rebellion, in marked contrast to Mr. Hawes, the British minister. This Mr. Gresham considered a flagrant breach of eti quette on the part of a foreign ambas sador, and immediately wrote to Hawaii requesting his recall, which request was complied with. As this subject is ventilated in the dispatches it becomes a public matter, which the press have a right to criticise, and which the people may either support or condemn. It is not a question re garding the manner Mr. Cleveland acted towards the Queen of the Sand wich islands, before and after she was deposed, but whether an accredited minister to this country should make public matters which would tend to lesson the respect due the executive. At Washington city he received every courtesy that was extended to foreign ministers, and his re lations to . the government were those of an honored guest. When he violated the diplomatic rules that govern the position he occupied he was not entitled to the least consid eration from the state department, and he merited his dismissal. Republicans and Democrats will uphold the action of the administration, and his home government has also signified its ap proval. The rehearing of the income tax cases began yesterday' before the U. S. supreme court, with every member present. It is expected that this decission will definitely . settle the status of these cases for all time. A BRITISH VIEW. The Chicago Inter Ocean in review ing the situation in Nicaragua says: "The attitude of Ambassador Bayard as to the right of the United States to construct the Nicaragua canal is clearly Btated in special dispatches from Washington. It has been stated time and again that Mr. Bayard held to the British view or interpretation of that clause in the Clayton-Bulwer treaty referring to the. construction of a ship canal. When President Cleve land and his secretary of state came to Chicago to open the world's fair in 1893 a dinner was given for the pur pose of interesting business men of this city in the Nicaragua canal, and Warner Miller and Mr. Bayard were among the guest. Mr. Miller spoke at length of the canal project, and then Mr. Bayard was called upon as a mat ter of courtesy, and those who heard the speech will remember the sensa tion that it created. It was like a wet blanket thrown over all who favored the American enterprise. "While he recognized the canal as a great enterprise that would redound to the glory and profit of the United States, he insisted that this country should try to keep inviolate its sacred treaties with Great Britain. He em phasized the importance of allowing England to secure an interest in the canal, arguing that with' the great commercial nation of the western hemisphere and the great naval power of Europe as owners the canal would always be kept open. He announced his disbelief in the ability of the United States to protect the canal in time of war, and asserted that it would be much better to have the friendly partnership of Great Britain. "The dispatch printed on May 2d shows that, as secretary of state, Mr. Bayard withdrew the treaty with Nica ragua which had been negotiated by Secretary Frelinghuysen, of the Arthur administration, and which gave to the United States the absolute con trol of the canal across that country. As ambassador to Great Britain Mr. Bayard seems to stand where he stood as secretary of state, against the con trol of the canal by the United States and in favor of its control by Great Britain and the United States. "The position taken by Secretary Fredinghuysen was that the arrange ment with Nicaragua related to a governmental enterprise without polit ical control, intended to open water communication between the two oceans withont discrimination in favor of any nation. In fact, the proposed treaty with Nicaragua was to open U all the world such a canal in effect as that described-in article 6 of the Clayton Bulwer treaty, as 'one for the benefit of mankind upon equal terms to alL' "This whole question has been un der discussion for fifteen or twenty years. There have been two views, one distinctly American and the other a British view. The majority of the senate and house of representatives, counting Democrats as well Republi cans, take the American view. Mr. Bayard and a few others take the British view, and as a representative of the United States at the British capital he seems to hold fast to his old views and to be in effect an ally or representative of British opinion, rather than a rep resentative of American opinion and policy, feopie of tnis country are now interested in knowing whether the administration approves the posi tion taken by Ambassador Bayard or not. Senator Morgan, one of the lead ing Democrats in public life, inclines to the opinion that the admisistration takes the British rather than the American view. If such is the case it is not strange that there have been such blunders in the treatment of the Nicaragua case. It is humiliating enough to have our own people mis represented by a Tory in England, but it is more humiliating to have a presi dent and cabinet dominated by British views." THE OREGON. In speaking of the coming mayors convention to be held at Salem on May 8th, at which time a suitable souvenir will be selected for the great battleship Oregon, the Capital Journal has the following patriotic editorial: "There should be an energetic or ganized effort to make the mayors' convention at Salem May 8th, a great success. The committee of sevn and the executive department should leave nothing undone to give the movement a great impetus. "It is not every day a battleship is named Oregon by the national govern ment. It is due our state pride and due the noble pioneers who laid the mudsills of this commonwealth, that the fitting recognition of the floating oi sucn a vessel be properly recog nized. We must say that we are not 'stuck' on the proposition to raise funds by a collection of dimes and pen nies among the school children. That is about the last recourse of decrepi tude and absence of public spirit. We have mot 'stuck' on a silver service for the cabin that will only be used for aristocratic state occasions. We be lieve the national colors with the seal of our state would be a far more fitting emblem of our people's appreciation. But we should not cavil at any plan that is adopted. Only let us not be small about it. Let the battleship be honored. Let the pioneers be hon ored. Let the State be honored. Let it be done in a generous, royal, public spirited manner, for which our state should be famous." SILVER BLAZES. For several years we have been told that the west was ablaze with a desire for free silver. Let us compare this statement with a report, found in the Grand Rapids Democrat, on a district recently burned over. In the fall of 1894 there was a free silver candidate for governor of Mich igan, Fisher, "distinguished," says the Grand Rapids journal, "for personal popularity and energetic campaign ing." The platform had in it no ele ment of hesitation, uncertainty or straddle. It was for free coinage, at 16 to 1, and the majority against it was 106,392. Saying that their issue had been too much weighted with the general feel ing against congress and the tariff for its friends to be marshalled in full force, the silverites determined to try again when they could monopolize the public interest. So this year, again controlling the Democratic organiza tion, they chose an unexceptionable candidate, fully equal to his opponent, we are assured, in "personal, political and legal qualities." Then they de clared for free silver at 16 to 1, and again they were beaten by the most overwhelming majority ever given in Michigan, barring the one at the con gressionla elections of last fall. The 1895 majority of Michigan against free silver was 80,487. The Indians user" to burn the prairies to get a good big crop of grass at the next growth. The fires of free silver seem to raise a tremendous crop of votes on the other side. EDITORIAL NOTES. Japan has backed down from her position regarding the terms of the treaty with China, at the demands of Russia, France and Germany. This will insure peace in the east; but it must be quite humilating for Japan to make concessions to other powers after receiving the full fruits of her victory over China. It may seem strange that President Cleveland is guarded by a squad of policemen in this free country; but republics are as productive of "cranks" and fanatics as monarchies, and they are equally as dangerous to men in public life. They, are opposed to all legally constituted authorities, and are not in harmony with anything that falls short of the wildest anarchy. The business depression of the past few years has caused many men to lose their heads, and desperation have ren dered them unsafe to be at large. In the Willamette district congres sional nominees for 1896 are already being named. It is stated that Mr. Hofer, of the Saiem Journal, and Col. Alley, of Lane, will contest the nom ination with Mr. Herman. Of course, it is early yet to talk about candidates, and before the convention meets some new man will come to the surface and secure the prize. Democracy may at tempt to make the money question the issue; but in this we do not believe -it will be successful, and very likely both congressional candidates will stand squarely on the last Republican na tional platform. It is reported that President Cleve land, if not renominated in 1896, will take a vacation from public life by making a trip around the world. As the executive has borne the burdens of official life for long years he has truly earned a rest, and no doubt it will be enjoyed by him. His route would not be such a triumphal one as that ac corded Gen. Grant, bat it would un doubtedly create considerable excite ment, and he would be duly honored for the high position he has held. Queen Lil. could not accord him that hearty welcome which she would de sire; but other potentates would treat .him royallly, and the Cobden club of England would go wild with excite ment over him. Chicago was the scene of the great riots last year of the Railway Union, and this spring the steel workers have begun defying the authorities. Per haps for some time the city will be the scene of confusion and disturbance, and business will be hampered and trade injured. This point is the heart of the west, and it receives and sends forth the life currant of commerce through a large portion of the country. Labor and labor unions have a strong following, and a strike there is usually effective. In such a place the spirit of unrest will be more general than at other points, and there is more liable to be conflicts between labor and capital. It is hoped that the pres ent trouble will soon quiet down, and that trade will proceed in its usual channels without any serious injury. Twenty of a crew of about twenty eight of the schooner Geo. R. White escaped to the shore after the vessel was wrecked Easter Sunday along the southeast coast of Alaska, but three days after the disaster the sufferings were so great that only 11 survived, ana these were in a pitiable condition. The sufferings of these ship-wrecked seamen were Horrible. lor they -were ashore on a pitiless coast, with insuffi cient clothing, and the thermometer 3 aegrees below zero. When the sea gives up its dead the fate of some will be Known, who are now lost to home and friends, and the missing pages of the history of many unfortunate be ings will be supplied. War, storms, cyclones and the relentless ocean sup ply a constant harvest for death, and this has continued for ages in the past, and will for all time to come. ' On May 3d a destructive cyclone passed through northwest Iowa, spreading death and destruction in its path. Several school houses were wrecked, and two school teachers and several children killed. Hardly a sum mer passes that those cyclones do not rage through the plains of the region of country west of the Mississippi, causing damage to property and fre quently loss of life. There is no way to guard against this violent war of the elements, and the inhabitants must satisfy themselves with the protection afforded by cellars and dug outs. The country west of the Rocky mountains has been very free from such terrible visitations, and, aside from being blessed with a healthful climate and fruitful soil, our people are es pecially favored in the fact that the elements are usually calm and not given to outbursts of violence. There is not the "peace that passeth understanding" in the family of Dem ocratic office-holders in Oregon, and frequently there are indications that there is considerable discontent in reference to the manner in which the administration "loaves and fishes" have been distributed in this state. A few days since Surveyor-General Arnold was severely criticized because he kept those in his .office who were not of his political "household of faith," and now Hon. H. Blackman, collector of customs, is being over hauled by the press because he is try ing to increase his revenue by keeping clerkships in the family, in discharg ing one who held a position and ap pointing his wife to the vacancy. Mr. Blackman has a perfect right to dis charge his subordinants; but he must not forget that the party expects some division of the fat things that have fallen to his lot, and that Democrats are renowned for having retentive memories of acts of omission and com mission in this line. . The argument in the rehearing of the income tax cases before the su preme court has ended, and a decision may be expected soon which will defi nitelv settle this vexed question, There is a full bench, and the verdict will be anxiously awaited by the peo ple. The law was passed by th e Democ racy to supply the deficiency in the revenue, made necessary by the free- trade experiment, and if it is declared unconstitutional it will be another backset for the Democratic party and a victory for protection. If, without duties on imports, the revenues of the government cannot be made sufficient to meet the expenses, it furnishes almost a .conclusive argu ment for the policy pursued by Repub lican administrations. With the de pression in trade caused by tarriff tinkering, the general distress of the country from the same cause, and a bankrupt treasury traced to the same cause, protection and prosperity will be the rallying cry for 1896. , It is reported that President Cleve land has spent the last four years in writing a book on political economy, and the copy will soon be given to the printer. The executive, it is claimed, has some advanced theories on the subject, and will take the lead of such men as Adam Smith and John -Stuart Mill. Mr. Cleveland is a concise rea soner, and his book no doubt will be very readable. His views on the tariff and on matters, of finance are endorsed by many, and the people will anxiously await the forthcoming work. Whether it is for the sake of permanent, fame, or Bimply to give publicity to bis opinions on these important subjects that induced him to enter the list of authors is not known; but a work on economics by a man occupying such a prominent position as president of the United States is certain to attract at tention and, perhaps, criticism. It may not become a popular text-book; but it will serve to keep Mr. Cleve land's views before the public long after be has finished bis public career, TELEGRAPHIC. IJf THE SYNDICATE'S HANDS. The Treasury Powerless to Prevent It Mint Receipts of Gold Falling off. Washington, May 7. The discov ery that gold is being purchased in the city of smelters by the gold syndi cate in New York created quite an ex citement in public circles at Washing ton. Officers of the treasury depart ment are disposed to be reticent con cerning the gold syndicate of New York purchasing gold bullion .of Wes tern smelters at rates higher than those paid at the mints. They admit that the receipts at the mints had sensibly diminished ever since the contract for the purchase for gold bonds was awarded to the Belmont Morgan syndicate, but it is evident that for Borne time past the treasury has been compelled to pursue a policy which will assist the syndicate in de livering gold in accordance with the terms of the recent bond sale contract. Another feature of this affair lies in the fact that the production of gold in t.hn TTnitari Kt.fl.tAa has increased t aw. nvnn no . - malrtk 1 ATI flhlO O for this foreign syndicate to corner 1 control the gold market, and inasmuch as the Belmont-Morgan syndicate ob tained not only the privelege of pur chasing these bonds at a very low figure, but a monopoly of all bonds is- sued between now and next October at the same rate, it is clear that from the high price they obtained on the sale of the gold bonds abroad they can afford to pay a premium for gold bul lion over and above the rates fixed at the mints. In this way the syndicate obtains practically a monopoly of the gold product of the United States, and particularly the product in Colorado, where the increase in gold production has been so large in the last year or two. The treasury seems to be entire ly in the hands of the syndicate. It must have gold to maintain its reserve even if it practically cripples the pur chasing operations of the mints. CHICAGO'S BRICKYARDS. The Work Done by Women and Children. Chicago, May 7. The statement made at the Trade and Labor assembly on Sunday that women and children worked in Chicago s brickyards ap pears to have a foundation in fact. No one connected with the industry denies that women work in the yards, but say their work is mostly what is technic ally called "stacking" brick. This consists of turning: the bricks over and piling them up in rows. It does not sound like very hard work, but when it comes to either stacking or turning over 30,000 bricks a day, it will be seen that the task is not an easy one. Most of the rough labor is done by Poles, and it is said that this is mostly the race which allows its women to work in the yards. Contrary to expec tation, it is neither widows nor single women who do the work, but the wives and mothers of families, who labor in the vard right beside their husbands. Not much can be learned from the employes themselves, but the police who have traveled around the yards, tell bad tales. They say it is no uncommon sight to see little girls turning bricks who are bo tired that they crawl on all fours from one pile to another. Their backs are bowed and bent and they cry when they try to stand up straight. The women, for their work, are paid $6 a week. The children get $3 or rather their parents get it. Owing to the hours in the yards, the school in spectors can do nothing, because most of the chiiaren attena aiternoon scnooi. Work at the yards begins at JMO or 4 o'clock in the morning, and is over when the sun gets hot about 10 o'clock. Then theuchildren can go to school and the mothers to their house work. ; THE NEWS ACCURATE. British Government Has Been Informed of Japan's Concessions. . New Yoek, May 7. A special to the World from London says: The Ameri can embassy here has not been in' formed of Japan's concessions of claims to the occupation ot territory o umn nese mainland. Sir Edward Grey, foreign under secretary, who was ap proached by a member of parliament on behalf of the World., wouia not aeny the British foreign office had been no tified of this fact. The correspondent is informed upon authority that the Times has received from its correspond ent intimation that the news is accur ate. Professing absolute neutrality, the whole effort of the British govern ment the past fortnight has been di rected to prevent further conflict. This may, and probably does, explain Japan's sudden change of attitude. Commenting upon the suggestion that the Japanese people might rebel against such action by the government a radical member of parliament, who is familiar with Japan, said: "I believe constitutional government is too firmly settled in Japan to render revolution practicable. At the same time; if Japan becomes a prey to revolution, the civilizing processes at work will be thrown back a quarter of a century." SHIP EABNSCLIFFK IS LOST. alne of Ship and Cargo About 800,000 Mutiny on Board the Landberga. San Francisco, May 7. The steam er Gaelic, from Hong Kong, brought news that the British ship Earnscliffk, from Manilla to Hong Kong, thence to San Francisco, is a total wreck on Princess island, off the coast of Asia. Her crew was picked up by the Danish steamer Lucifer, en route to Batavia. The value of the ship and cargo is said to be not less than $200,000. From the same source comes intelli gence of a mutiny on the British ship Landberga, while at Lliolo, a British settlement, 200 miles from Hong Kong. Half of the crew mutinied and five men attacked the captain and seeond officer with knives, one sailor stabbing the captain three times in the back. The captain shot his assailant dead. The second officer was severely wounded bv the knives and clubs of the muti neers, who, with aid of the first and third officers were finally driven at the pistol point to the forecastle and left there until a launch from a British gunboat, in answer to signals, brought marines to the rescue, xne mutineers were 9nt to England in irons. Bot. ships are well known on this coast. TURKISH OUTRAGES CONTINUE. Armenians Still Tortured and Butchered by Turkish Soldiers. London, May 7. The Daily News today publishes advices from its cor respondent at Khars, saying 8000 of t.Vi survivors of the recent massacre in Armenia, who returned to their homes under promise oi protection irom me Turks, are being daily persecuted and tortured at tne nanus ui a ui kjsu oi ficials, supported by gendarmes. Fnr two months, it is added, the of ficials have tried to force the refugees to sign an address of thanks to the sultan, stating they met with only kindness at the hanas oi tne troops, and that all troubles were caused by Kurdish raiders and the sultan's troops took no part m the slaughter.. Those who rafuse to sign are beaten, placed in chains and suspended for hours by the feet. Women are outraged, chil drn shamefully, treated and the sol diers dragged women and girls and forced them to sign the address. Terrible Cloudburst. Rochester. N. Y., May 8. Reports of a terrible cloudburst were received last night from the southern part of Ontario county. The railroad from Middlesex to Naples is washed out most of the way. Field have been fur rowed, and the small streams have been transformed into rivers. The freighthouse at Rushville, it is re ported, has been struck by lightning and destroyed. Damage has been done to telegraph wires, and in many offices the wires were burned out. Thirty-two Drowned. Victoria, B. C, May 8. Captain Sieward, who returned at 1 o'clock this morning, has little aouots from the reports they received from Indian hunters 01 tne scnuuner ikww mat i the sealing schooner Walter A. Earle, was capsized in the open sea Sunday, April 14, and every member of the crew lost. The day previous there was a terrible gale, and the following Monday the schooner Earle was seen bottom up with her rudder gone. She evidently got into the trough of the sea and was capsized. There was no sign of any of the crew. The Earle had a crew of six white men and 26 Indians. COLONEL RYAN DEAD. The Work of Twenty Years Left Un completed. Chicago, May 7. After spending nearly 20 years of his life in an effort to secure redress for the murder of his brother, Colonel John Ryan, a Chicago lawyer, died yesterday. Colonel Ryan was a brother of General Ryan, who led the Americans in Cuba at the time of the Virginius massacre 20 years ago and was killed. To avoid international complications, the Spanish govern ment agreea to pay to General Kyan's family an indemnity of $10,000. Col. Ryan made efforts to have the claim recognized by the United States government, and recently was engaged it preparing legal papers relating to the collection of the money which were to be forwarded to the state de partment at Washington. Cholera on the Transports. London, May 8. The Times will to morrow publish a dispatch from Kobe, Japan. stating- that the cholera has broken out on board the Japanese transports at Talien Wan on the Liau Tong peninsula. Half the troopships of the original Pe-Chi-Li expedition are flying the yellow flag. TREATY NOH SIGNED. Russian Warships Re to Enforce Rus sia's Demands. Shanghai, May 9. Private advices from Che-Foo last evening were that the ratifications of the treaty were not exchanged yesterday, the day fixed for the exchange. It is evident there is a hitch somewhere. The Russian warships at Che-Foo, which have been painted gray, have been cleared for action Yokohama, May 8. China has asked for a further extension of the armistice granted by Japan in order that the ratification of the treaty of peace may be exchanged. Japan has consented to extend the time of the armistice four days. Count Myoji, secretary-general to the Japanese council of ministers, arrived at Che- Foo yesterday and met Lord Li, son of Li Hung Chang, and junior (Jhinese peace commissioner. Count Mvoii acted for Viscount Matsu, the Japanese for eign minister, who is ill. RIOTING IN CHICAGO. Striking Steel Workers Defy the Author ities. Chicago, May 8. Four policeman were injured and one striker fatally shot in a riot at the Illinois Steel Com pany's plant, in South Chicago, today. The riot followed a mass meeting of strikers held in Eighty-fourth street, About 500 men were present, and the speeches became so violent and the men bo demonstrative that the leaders forced adjournment. The crowd would not disperse, how ever, and the riot call brought a detail of la police officers, headed by Lieut. Wagner, to the scene. The police or dered the crowd to disperse, but the order was met with hoots, and threats, women among the strikers daring the officers to shoot. The police finally charged with drawn revolvers and were met with a volley of stones and slag. Lieutenant Wagner and three of his men fell. The other officers opened fire, sending about 25 shots into the crowd. At the beginning of . the firing the strikers fled, four of their leaders being ar rested. The wounded are John Wilkoski, shot through the head, will die; Lieu tenant Wagner, head cut by stones; Officer Martin Crotty, clubbed into in sensibility; Officer John McCaffrey, badly bruised; Officer William Walsh, head badly cut by stones. None of the policemen are believed to be fatally hurt. After the shooting the rioters gath ered in croups threatening vengeance. The mills were kept under police pro tection, ana the company's store of ay namite was heavily guarded all day. RATIFICATIONS EXCHANGED. Payment of the Additional Indemnity Guaranteed. Shanghai, May 8. It is stated here that ratifications of the treaty of peace between China and Japan were ex changed today at Che-Foo. It is re ported that Sir Robert Hart, inspector general of (Jhinese customs, has guar- anted tne payment oi tne aaoiuonai indemnity demanded by Japan as the result of relinquishing her claim to the Liau-Tong peninsula in compliance with the demands of Russia, France and Germany. Sir Robert Hart, how ever, makes his guarantee conditional on the financing of the total indemnity being left in his hands. Japan's Concession. New York, May 8. A dispatch from John A. Cockrill, dated Tokio, Japan, to the Herald, says at the exchange of ratifications of the treaty at Che-Foo tomorrow, Japan will agree to sur render Port Arthur and part of the Liau-Tong peninsula to China in con sideration of an extra payment of 100 000,000 taels. She may also annex to Uorea the port of Mantchuria, which is left her. It is believed this arrangement will be perfectly satifactory to Russia and will insure peace. f , HADE A GOOD HAUL. Stage Robbers Collect About SISOO From the Passengers. Calistoga, Cal., May 8. Two mask ed road agents caught a stage load of San Franciscans on their way to the summer resorts of Lake county yester day, and stripped them of their val uables. The robbers secured about $1200 from the passengers and looted Wells, Fargo & Uo.s treasure-box as well, but how much they got out of it is not known. The hold-up was on the Calistoera & Clear Lake line. The stage left Cal istoga at noon and reached a point H miles from Mirabel, when two masked men stepped from the bushes lining the road and ordered the driver to halt. Keeping their pistols pointed at his head they made him throw down the express box. While one of the highwaymen kept the driver and pas sengers covered the other broke open the box but found no money. The passengers were stood up, and while one of the robbers kept them steady with his weapon the other searched their pockets. - - The highwaymen1 went about their work like old hanas at tne business. one in particular being as cool as if he were collecting taxes. Twelve hundred dollars reward has been offered for the capture of the robbers. REPORTED AT AN END. The Rebellion in Cuba Crushed. Is Said to be New York, May 8. A special from Havana to a morning paper says: The end of the war is at hand.. The rumor permeated the city joyously last nignt, ana now it is cuuuaueu in an well-informed circles. Prices at the bourse have risen. The chiefs of the . . . -l .i n insurgents have abandoned their cause in despair. Captain-General Martinez Campos has ordered that the works on the port of Santiago be begun at once. Rail ways and telegraph lines are to be re built and improved through Manzan illo, Puerto Principe, Santa Cruz, San Luis and Soriano. President Cleveland's cordial inter view with Senor Dupuy de Lome, the Spanish minister, is reported by news papers here, and causes great .enthus iasm among tne people. Wild ap plause greeted the announcement that the Spanish erovernment has ordered a diminution of taxes on all Industries and railways in Cuba, , TELEGRAPHIC. REVOLT IN ECUADOR. Rebels Have Captured Several Impor tant Cities. New York, May 8. Private advices received in New York from Ecuador, states that General Elroy Alfaro, a leader in the revolution of 1875, and also a leader in the present trouble in Ecuador, has returned there irom Nicaragua where he had been in exile. The revolutionists have taken pos session of the towns of Ibarra, Esmer alda, Guaranda and Latacunga. in the battle which resulted in the cap ture of Guaranda, six were killed on both sides. The telegraph wires between Quito, the capital of Ecuador, and Guayaquil have been cut by the revolutionists and all communication stopped. The revolutionists are disappointed with Vice-President Saltzer, who is going to take the presidency vacated by the resignation of Cordero. Saltzer is very unpopular, and the resignation of Cordero will have no effect on the revolutionists. THE SUBSIDY RAISED. Seattle People Have Made up Bonus F Ship Canal. Seattle, May 9. The subsidy of $500,000 to be given by the people of Seattle to the Seattle & Lake Wash' ington Waterway. Company, which is to fill in the tide-flats and excavate a ship canal to Lake Washington, was completed today, and work will begin by May 'li, the date set by the con tract with the state. The work to be done is the excavation of two water ways connecting the Duwamish river with the sound: the excavation of a canal from the harbor to Lake Wash ington, a distance of two miles, and the filling; of about 1500 acres of tide- lands. The work will cost about $7, 000,000 and occupy about five years, and the money will be furnished by St. Louis persons represented by the Mississippi Valley Trust Company, The lake canal has been advocated by many authorities for 40 years, and after much effort an appropriation of $25,000 for its construction by another route was obtained from the last con gress, but the work has now been un dertaken and will be carried out by private enterprise. HAS REACHED HAWAII. Greflham'i Letter Demanding Tharstons Recall. San Fkancisco, May 9. The steam er Mariposa brings Hawaiian advices from Honolulu dated May 2, as follows: The letter demanding the recall of Minister Thurston was read in the ex ecutive session of the council yester day. The letter had gone past Hono lulu and was taken by mistake to Hong Kong. The ground of objection to Thurston is conhned to a single transaction. The sole offene alleged is that Thurs ton at the Hawaiian legation, showed to a correspondent private letters to himself from Honolulu. This particu lar letter, it is said, criticsed Cleveland and Gresham for their attitude toward the January uprising. Gresham spoke to Thurston about tl e matter. Thurs ton apologized, but declined to accede to Gresham's request that the apology be in writing. Gresham's letter, dated February 21, states in strong language that Thurston is no longer personally acceptable to the adminis tration at Washington as the Hawaiian minister. It is definitely settled that Thurston will not return to Washing ton. He has resigned, and Frank Hastings, now in charge of the Haw aiian legation, will probably be pro moted to minister. Cabinet officers state no retaliatory measures will be attempted so far as Minister Wells is concerned. The Dole cabinet is anxious not to widen I the breach with the Cleveland admin istration. Thurston's friends say he was betrayed by the newspaper corres pondent, who was allowed to read the private letters, than reported the con tents to Gresham, but did not publish the statements renecting on - the president. There is said to be a rupture in the cabinet over the disposition of the rebel prisoners. President Dole and two other ministers favor releasing all but the leaders, and two ministers de mand the punishment of all. Ex-Queen Laiiuokalanv is Urea of connnement. Her attorney is preparing a writ of habeas corpus for her liberation. TWO MORE DROWNED. Another Boat Swamped Near Peacock spit. Astoria, May 9. Still another boat was swamped in the breakers, at Pea cock spit, at an early hour this morning, and two more men nave gone to swell the season's fatalities among the fish ermen. As soon as the alarm gun pas fired, the life saving crew, started for the scene, but both men and boat had disappeared before they arrived. The lifesaving crew remained out for four hours, but without avail. Nothing is known of the men's identity or the ownership of the boats. An upturned fishing boat, with a fisherman clinging to it, was picked up near Great Repub- 11C DUib ItlllB HlWrUWU. 1116 UUtfrb WtfcS the Astoria Packing Company's No. 40, in charge of Fred Peterson, and is thought by some to be the one cap sized on Peacock spit yesterday after noon. Jfeterson was almost dead from exposure, but soon recovered. Business Resumed. New York, May 9. A special to the World from Colon says: The steamship companies have been noti fied of the re-opemng ol the port of Corinto and the resumption of busi ness. Shipments to Corinto held back since last week are now going forward. The increase 01 coffee export duties and of importation duties as well is causing a decrease of business and great discontent. The government has been petitioned to reduce the 15 per cent increase of import duties to 7i per cent. Revolutionary news of a serious character from the Magdalena river continues to arrive, although official reports announce that the revolution there is ended. Well and Happy Thanks to Hood's Sarsaparllla Dull Hoadaches That Tired Foaling. Mr. W. S. Tolem San FranoiMO, CaL One of th greatest mistakes people makt la Is look the door after tbe bone is stolen, or in other words, to wait until they are sick in bed before they do anything for tbe poor body. Neither my wife nor myself were real sick; I attended to my business, and my wife to bar household duties dally. But we had dull, heary headaches, and a little orer-exertJon would tire us greatly, and my appetite was rery poor. So we took three bottles of Hood's Sarsaparllla, and the result was perfectly satisfactory. I be- Saved Us a 8vr Slcknosa And a big doctor's bill. "If people would only remember that ' an on nee of Drerentlon is worth a pound of cure-,' there would be less suffering In the world. My adriee to all who do not feel Hood'sCures Hood's PUIS our Uwlllcmsttp-vttoa. . bfliOWsMM, ftllifHT flick htHllf tit. UtflfMtflttlb EXCURSION Ca$cade locks -GIVEN RGDMSITS SOCIHL CLUB Has Been Posl poned Until Fnrliier Notice. Closing: Out Of Dry Goods, Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Hats and Cpas, At Less Than Cost BED ROCK Will Be Sold Call and Get Prices and Be Convinced. No Trouble to Show Goods. v We Have Just Received a Large Invoice of SHOES Of Handsome Shapes, Good Material and Very Comfortable; which, together with our many other lines, we will Bell at very reason able prices. Come and See them. 1 STONEHAN & FIEGE, THG DHLLE S, 0R6C0N. J. 0. .French's 171 Second Street, THE iPABST C6L6BRHT6D BEER Fine Wines, Liquors, and Cigars. v DOMESTIC CIGARS. IS cenis SHAVING 15 HT FRHZ6R itepiie Bairts m sn Pariois SH0W6R BHTH ROOMS NOW READY. 110 Front Street, - Opposite Cosmopolitan Hotel. T6LGPH0N NO. 45 f The New Columbia Hotel This large and popular house does the principal hotel busi ness, and is prepared to furnish the Best Accom- modations of any house in the city, . and at the low rate of ' 81 Per Day. Office for all STAGE LINES leaving The Dalles for allpointa in Eastern Oregon, and Eastern Washington, ' is located in this Hotel. T. T. NICHOLAS. Proprietor. Cor. Front and Union Sts The Dalles, Oreeon RUPERT & GHBEL Wholesal and retail manufacturers of and dealers in Harness, Saddles, Tents, and Wagon Covers. And AU A.rtiol kopt In a Klrt Claas Shop. REPAIRING PROMPTLY DONE. THE DALLES, OREGON. COLUMBIA PACKING COMPANY Corner Third and Washington Brreets. Cured Hams, Bacon, Dried Beef and Tongoe$, 2 And the Best Beefsteaks, Mutton Chops and Veal Cutlets In the Market. Orders Delivered to Fresh Vegetables on Sale and Bonneville BY THE- PRICES, as Goods Regardless of : Cost J. P. MCIN6RNY. 1 Boys' Youths' Misses' Children's and Infants' MHCK Block, DALLES, OREGON. and EY WEST UZYNDHHWS cents First-Glass Meals, 25 Cents Bridles, Collars, Opposite Moody's Warehouse Anv Part of the Oit at the Lowest Prices.