Newspaper Page Text
.MAY 18, 1895 " A PLAIN DUTY. The convention of Republican clubs in Portland, on the 22d inst, is an im portant one, and the delegates have a duty to perform which they cannot shirk. At the meeting of the last leg islature in Salem an effort was made to wheel it into the free-silver phalanx, but without success. The. effort to elect s man in favor of the unlimited coinage of silver completely failed, and, although Mr. Dolph waa defeated by . the perfidy of a few Republicans, the man who was selected to succeed him has sound and sensible views on the question of finance. There are certain newspapers in this state that are at tempting to "boom" silver, and by very possible means to warp public sentiment in that direction. Their . blatant editorials, filled with the worst r kind of senseless . trash on the money question, ' savors of the methods fol lowed by mountebanks, charlatans and the modern real estate "boomer," and appeal almost exclusively to the emo tions and not to the reasoning faculi ties. The distress suffered during the "past two years is used as an argument - that a change is required in our mone tary system, when the evils followed directly the election of President Cleveland on the free-trade platform, and when the fact is well known that there has been no deviation from the single standard since 1873. These or gans are attempting to influence the Portland convention of Republicans to support a free-silver resolution, and thus place the party in Oregon in har mony with Populism. But these silver sided papers are not the mouth-pieces of the organization, and some of them are of a mushroom growth and will wither and die in a short season. On this question, the same as on others of national importance, the . Republican party has followed well- established vrincioles, which have been tested by long years of experi ence, and during the operation, of which the nation has enjoyed unexam Died prosperity. A better system of finance was never in operation in any country. Silver money passes for its face value, and the same is true of the paper in circulation. If1 there ever was a time when cheap money was ap parently . a necessity was after the great drain upon our resources at ' the close of the civil war, and yet at such a time the finances of the nation, managed by such able and patriotic statesmen as Abraham Lincoln, William EL Seward and John - Sherman determined that the United States should stand or fall on an hon est money basis. Time has proved the wisdom of their decision, and no confusion has ever resulted under the present system in commercial trans- - actions. The country does not need more money or cheaper money; but a greater confidence in the stability and soundness of the currency. If this blatant demagogiem about free silver were to cease money would creep out. of its hiding places, and if the policy of the nation were restored to the old protective basis, capital would again be invested in industrial enterprises. But this cannot be expected while these howling dervishes for the white metal are alarming the people and attempting to wreck the solid foun dation of our financial fabric. Confi dence is the pivot upon which all branches of business rest, and this must be re-established before prosper ity will dawn upon the country. During the repudiation mania, after the war, the Republican party stood solid in favor of redeeming the - na tional promises in the honest money of the world, and saved the country from the vortex of wreck and ruin. "Again during the greenback "craze' it planted itself firmly on a sound financial policy, and the clouds rolled by without deluging the land with a depreciated currency. And now- its duty is plain regarding this latest phase of political emotional insanity. It must be true to the traditions of the party, which have placed the finances of the United States on the most solid basis, and its ears must be deaf to the song of the syrens, sing they ever so sweetly. In this connection the Port land convention must be faithful to the party it represents, and the Republi cans of Oregon must remain steadfast to the principles of the monetary sys tem advocated by Lincoln, Seward and Sherman. ARMENIAN OUTRAGES. The commission which has been i a vestigatingthe Turkish atrocities in Armenia has seen sufficient evidence of the outrages committed to verify the most horrifying accounts that were published in the American and British press. : Pits were found in which the victims of Turkish ferocity had been thrown, and attempts had been made to consume the bodies by pouring petroleum on them; but the evidence could not be obilite rated, and . was r -i ja: r t- 1 J. - . i i a elapsed. The policy that Turkey has pursued toward her Christian subjects for long years has been revolting to modern civilization, and every invest! gation made has. only added to the knowledge of Turkish cruelties. If Russia had been permitted she would have punished the Moslems for their atrocities long ago; but her ulterior object would have been the acquisition of territory and an outlet on the Med' iterranean. Europe would not permit this, and the public has been pacified by treaties, in which the unspeakable Turk has promised all sorts of reforma tions., Nearly in every instance these have been violated by the Ottoman empire, and it does seem that the Christian sentiment of the world, after the recent outrages in Armenia, will no longer be satisfied by Moslem promises. J or a long time TurKey nas been con sidered the "sick man of Europe," and only permitted to exist because each of the great nations was jealous that the other would acquire a larger slice of the map of the world than was con sistent with that vague diplomatic limit known as the"balance of power. Mr. Gladstone, when the Bulgarian massacres occured, before the Russo- Turkish ' war was inaugurated, proclaimed in parliament that the unspeakable Turk .should not be per mitted to retain any possessionsMn Europe while it followed the cruel pol icy towards Christians; but the Berlin treaty, after that war, soothed and quieted the public conscience, and Tur key was permitted to remain as a pro vince of Europe, because it was clear that if absorption took place Russia would , receive tha greater benefit thereby. After the recent atrocietiea became known, Mr. Gladstone spoke in as strong language as he did on the Bulgarian occasion, but the same con ditions politically exist as formerly, i and nothing will be" done to protect Armenia other than another opportu nity given Turkey to exhibit its well known Punic faith regarding national promises. - THE MANIA SUBSIDING. ' The excitement about the unlimited coinage of silver is rapidly dying down, and very likely .by the time the cam paign opens next year it," with other wild notions, will be confined to the Populist organization. It was first caused by the silver mine owners in the different states, who attempted . in this manner to create an artificial mar ket for their bullion at a higher price than was prevailing in other countries, and by means of a "boom" to direct public jopfjiion in a direction that would largely increase the value of their mining property. Subservient congressmen introduced bills into the national legislature for this purpose; but the cool judgment of the leaders of both parties immediately descerned the fallacy of the measures, and they met a deserved defeat. Then a campaign was begun among the masses, and they were told by demagogues that all the ills they had suffered could be traced to the demonitizatiop of silver in 1873, which was as false as false could be. The people became excited for a while, and free-silver clubs were formed all over the land; but the enthusiasm is cooling, and men are consulting their judgment in the matter. This return to reason is noticable in every part of the union, and especially in the south. The question is a local issue in Nevada, Idaho, and Montana, and is popular simjjly because silver is the largest ex port in these states. Those who advo cated the unlimited coinage do so on the same principle that any community supports its ov n local interests; and they never give a thought to the conse quences of making it a national policy. In the south there has been almost a complete reaction in favor of honest bimetallism on the gold standard, and the silver fallacy has only a meagre following. The press of that portion of the country use very plain language in discussing the question, and the fol lowing excerpt is from that staunch old Democratic journal, the Louisville Courier-Journal, Henry Watterson's paper: -, "Nobody in the United States is pro posing to demonetize silver. Nearly half our coin is silver, and the constant aim of the United States has been not to demonetize it, but to keep it as good as our gold coin and better, as it has kept it, than the silver- of any free silver country on earth." "There is no 'doubt that the Courier ffournal has been the leading Dem ocratic paper in Kentucky, Ten nessee and other southern states for over thirty years, and when it voices its sentiments against the silver mania it will have a large number of follow ers. Then from Georgia comes words of no uncertain meaning, as the follow ing from the Savannah News: "In 1873 there were no silver dollars in circulation. At present there are over six hundred millions of them and silver certificates, and they, circulate on a parity with gold dollars. Doesn't this look as if silver had been given a pretty fair showing?" - ......... This . shows the trend of public opinion in the south, and in the north, outside of a few silver-producing states, there has never been any pre ponderating popular sentiment in favor of the depreciated metal. The United States could not have a better coinage system than the one now pre vailing, and men who have studied this subject north and south, east 'and west, know that any change would re suit disastrously. Democrats and Re publicans have the welfare .--of the country at heart, although they advo cate different policies, and the leading men of both organizations will not countenance the departure from safe and tried systems of finance. But the free silver sun has passed the zenith and is rapidly declining; and in a little while this craze will be numbered with others that have excited the people for a time. Soon after the financial criois in 1873 there was a demand for more greenbacks; but business soon revived, .and the party that advocated an increase in ine paper currency went down to a dishonored grave. After the election in 1892 a general depression in trade took place, and desperate men looked around for any remedy. The free- silver craze sprang into existence, ran its course for a time, and now is rap idly sinking into a condition where it will remain. MORE FAVORITE SONS. According to reports from the dif ferent states which have, ambitious sons, the number of entries on the Re publican side for the presidential race is likely to be full as large as appeared in - any national convention within the memory of the present generation, sayS the St. Louis Globe Democrat. Uutil a few months ago Reed, McKin ley and Harrison were the only men mentioned in connection with the candidacy. Allison was then added to the list, and subsequently Morton's name was put on. Within the past week or two stories have appeared that Pennsylvania is going to press-. Hastings, her governor, on the con vention, while Minnesota will appeal for votes for. her popular citizen, Sen ator Davis, Wisconsin will Burport ex Senator Spooner, and Illinois' dele gation will vote for Cullom. This would be about as large a list of aspirants as appeared in 1876 or any presidential year since. In the three proceeding years 1864,. 1868 and 1872 only one man was conspiciously men tioned for the candidacy, but in 1876 five men Blaine, Morton, Bristow, Conkling and Hayes, taking them in their order of strength on the first ballot were prominent contestants, while Pennsylvania supported Hart ranf t, and Jewell received a few votes. In 1880 there were, at the outset, three conspicuous aspirants Grant, Blaine and Sherman while Edmunds, Wash burn and Windon also had supporters. Garfield, who won the prize, did not seem to be in the contest at all until near the end. The race of 1884 had as large a field of big men Blaine, Arthur, Edmnds, Logan and Sher man as appeared in 1876, and Hawley and Lincoln also received votes. In the convention of 1888 Sherman, Gresham, Depew, Alger, Harrison, Allison and half a dozen others receiv ed votes, but the contest in 1892 was between Harrison, Blaine and Mc Kinley. These two circumstances the chance that there will be a deadlock between Reed, McKinley and Harrison, and the strong probability that the candidate, whoever he turns out to be, will be elected can be relied on to bring a large number of aspirants to the front in 1896. In this contest no man will be so far above his fellows as to dis courage all rivalry. When three or four men divide up a convention for a few ballots without a chance for any of them to dominate it, somebody else not mentioned in connection with the candidacy hitherto must be brought forward. In this way Polk,Pierce and Garfield carried off the prize for which bigger men, beating each other, con tended. Herein lies the encourage ment for the local favorite sons and the obscurer aspirants. Learning the choice made by ' the Democratic con ventions of 1844 and 1852, and by the Republican convention of 1880, they see that, in politics as in other fields, the race is not always to the swift. WHAT N&KTl POLITICIANS. Some politicians of the mostdespical kind imagine that a free silver wave will sweep over the country at the next election, and that they will be fortunate enough to ride into office on the crest. This will be a vain hope for those who may entertain such a no tion, and after the votes are counted they will be doomed to chew the bitter cud of disappointment. . The two lead ing parties will not change their posi tion on the great issues upon which they have heretofore fought . their political battles in this county. It is probable that the Populists will make the backbone of their platform the unlimited coinage of the white metal, and may gain a few votes thereby; but the free-silver mania has nearly ran its time, and when November, 1896, arrives it will have subsided. .. These crazes have the effect of attracting the weak-kneed of both organizations:' but they have little influence with those who follow party lines because of the principles advocated. If any Ore gon politicians are preparing to ride the silver-crested wave they should ab solve themselves from their old party affliations and immediately join the third one, for .neither of the old organ izations will change their platforms on monetary matters. The traditions of the Republicans will not admit of it. and the Democracy has tried the scheme and failed to secure the neces sary support in congress to make it successful in the passage of a law. These chronic politicians who are al ways feeling the popular pulse to ascer tain in what 'direction there is proba ble success are parasites, and all honest men should be suspicious of any course they may adopt. They are Democrats or Republicans only for office or reve nue, and would join the silverites for the same reason. Judge Goff, of the United States court, has enjoined the governor and the election commissioners of South Carolina from; calling the, projected constitutional convention, . says : an eastern exchange. The convention was designed for the purpose of devis ing measures whereby the colored vot ers of the state could be more thor oughly disfranchised than they are and have been. But of this unaccom plished intent the court could take . no notice. The restraining order goes upon the ground that the vote expres sive of a demand for a convention was cast in a manner contrary to the "pro visions of the constitution' of the United States, and as it was cast in form and manner like to those which have governed all recent elections for congressmen and presidential electors, it follows that the present congres sional delegation from South Carolina is illegally seated, and that the elec tion of Cleveland was illegal, in so far as it was accomplished by the vote of South Carolina. These, however, are but logical deductions, of which con gress may take note at its next session. The point now immediately of interest is: What will the state authorities do in regard to Judge Goff's restraining order? If they set it at naught, as they boast that they will, it will be the duty of j the judge to direct the United States marshal to arrest them, and, if they successfully resist the marshal, the president may be asked to re-enforce him. But it hardly is likely that the officials of the state will provoke na tional interference by resistance., It is more, likely that they will submit to arrest, give bail for appearance, and trust to the kindly action of a friendly jury. This will bring the matter be fore congress if, as surely will be the Jase, contest be made of the validity if elections held in a form that a fed apal judge has declared to be unconsti utional. A more-serious complication may arise if the next president shall be elected by a majority so narrow as to make the vote of South Carolina the determining factor. It is a serious question that arises as to what shall be done when an unconstitutional body of delegates from South Carolina claims a place in the national college of electors. bigger bolt occurred in 1860, which beatl the party in that election and in many succeeding ones, but this did not end the party's career. Still, the situation for the Democ racy is rather serious. If the silver crusade be persisted in there will be two Democratic tickets in the next canvass, or else, what will hit the party just as hard, most of the opponents of that policy will join the Republicans. Unless the silver faction makos an ab ject surrender in the convention of 1896,that will be the most halycbn and vociferous gathering which any party has had since- . the Charleston assemblage of 1860. It is true men will not get so excited over ma terial issues as they do over moral issues, but the silver Democrats think that their crusade- has one or two moral aspects. It is designed to cor rect the "crime of 1873," and at the same time to overthrow the "money power" and bring honesty and chivalry back into politics. EDITORIAL NOTES. TELEQRAPHIC. tBX ICE KING'S BREATH. Arctlo Zephyrs Still Sweeps the Middle Weit. St. Louis, May 14. The signal office reports a killing frost at Springfield, 111., and vicinity last night and a light frost in this vicinity and throughout Missouri, extending up into Iowa. It is not thought serious damage to crops resulted, except in the lowlands. A dispatch received by the Missouri state board of agriculture reports some damage to crops by frost Saturday and Sunday nights in the northwest and north central sections of the state. Beans and potatoes suffered particularly. A May frost has damaged the grape crop in the middle and western states; but so far the Pacihc coast nas es caped, as it usually does, these phemonenal occurrences. A British groom out of a job adver tises in Philadelphia to teach the "true English accent. " The people are getting more of this than they want from the White House and state department. At the athletic games today between the Californias and Princetons at the Princeton college grounds the former won 61 points to the latter's 51, and in the hurdle races won three out of the six. This is good news for the Pacific coast, as our boys are generally successful in a fair competition with those from the east. The Japanese have felt the thrill of victory through their veins, and are not willing to give up auietly to the concessions of the emperor. Of course the people are slavishly loyal to their ruler, and will eventually obey the behests of the government; but they will make considerable noise before they succumb. There is an urgent necessity for good roads to and from this -city, and the new grade on the Current creek hill is a move in the right direction. The people of every portion of the county have a right to demand aid in making feasible routes to market, and the Current creek one is the only road available to the cattle and sheep men in the vicinity of Antelope. . President Harrison paid off $296,- 000,000 of the public debt and turned' over to Mr. Cleveland's administration $124,000,000 surplus. There was not a moment from the inauguration of Mr. Harrison to the second inauguration of Mr. Cleveland, Governor McKinley says, in which we did not collect for every day of every year sufficient rev enues to pay every demand and obliga tion of the government. The news from Cuba is very conflict ing, and from revolutionary sources it is confidentally stated that the patriots are constantly gaining ground, while Spanish accounts say the island is quiet, and the rebellion subdued.' To arrive at a correct conclusion of the situation it will -be necessary to ana lyze the reports carefully and eliminate the prejudices which will be naturally injected into " them by interested parties. - Two apostles of free silver, General Warner and Hon. Joseph C. Sibley, are visiting the northwest, and are electrifying audiences with their talks on the benefits to bederived by the unlimited coinage of 'the white metal. If these gentlemen are not successful in making- Populism popular General Coxey should be brought here from Ohio, and then the trio would be in vincible. The New York World says that Sen ator Allison has sent a representative to Albany to urge Governor Morton to enter the race for the presidency and save the Empire State from Tom Reed. There is probably as much truth in this report as in this about Tom Piatt holding a conference with Governor McKinley's friend in Washington. Senator Allison would much rather have a united west back of him than the Empire State. But he has shown no inclination to run presidential booms for eastern candidates, either in New York or in Maine. The convention at Salem of the socie ties of "Christian Endeavor" will have a stimulating effect upon the delegates. They will return to their homes with fresh courage in the battle against im- 8now Screen Inches Deep. Chicago, May 14. A heavy frost occurred this morning in Wisconsin, Michigan, Illinois, Indiana and east ern Minnesota, with seven inches of snow in the central and northern part of lower Michigan. The temperature is 5 to 10 deg. lower this morning in lower Michigan, the Ohio valley, Ten nessee and Missouri. Freezing Weather Predicted. PlTTSBUKG, Pa., May 14. The weath er here is cold and cloudy, with light dashes of rain. The lowest tempera ture reached was 39 deg., but freezing weather is predicted by the weather bureau tonight. The damage to fruit and vegetables will be great. Thick Ice Formed. Galesbueg, 111., May 14. Every thing was frozen stiff last night. Ice a quarter of an inch was formed. The grape and strawberry crop was killed. It is feared fruit of all kinds is badly injured. Corn was cut down. Even the Gronnd is Frozen. Oshkosh, Wis., May 14. There was another heavy frost last night, and the distruction of gardens, fruit and early grain is almost complete. The ground is frozen to a depth of nearly two inches. Snow in North Carolina. Asheville, N. C, May 14. Snow can plainly be seen for a distance of several miles on the mountains in this vicinity. Very little damage has been done to vegetables in the valley. Snow Still Falling. Wapakoneta, O., May 14. It has been snowing here all morning. The thermometer registered 20 deg. The damage to fruits and crops cannot be estimated. Cold In Mew Jersey. Elizabethtown, N. J., May 14. The mercury fell to 20 deg. at 5 A. M. today. Fruits are blasted and foliage is dropping. The ground is frozen hard. More Damage Last Night. Whitehall, N. Y., May 14. There was .a heavy frost throughout the Champlain valley last night, doing considerable damage to fruit, trees and crops. . Gardens Totally Destroyed. Moweaqua, 111., May 14. Heavy frost last night totally destroyed the fruit and berry crop in this section. Gardens are blackened to the grour.d. Enormous Damage at Peoria. PEORI4, 111., May 14. A very heavy frost in this section last night did enormous damage. - Grapes and veg etables are all gone. PEACE PIPE BROKEN. Indians la Arizona on the Warpath . Wilcox, Ariz., May 14. Sunday a courier came in. stating that 12 armed Indians were seen prowling around the hills in the vicinity of Buckhorn basin, where the mines are being worked, Saturday last. The miners at once left their claims after being notified, and have congregated together for protection to themselves and the few scattered families. This locality is near Fort Bowie, and some 20 miles east of Wilcox. This morning respon sible v reports from Graham county state a band of 15 heavily armed In dians were seen last evening at sun down seven miles south of Clifton rounding up the horses of citizens. Much alarm is felt. Today a body of citizens take up the trail. This morn ing one troop of cavalry left Fort Bayard, N. M., for the scene, but long marches are necessary to reach the place of reported danger. The citizens are feeling very insecure. The Indians are reported in distress from insuffi cient rations, and trouble is predicted, with no adequate military protection. The only available troops which can quickly reach the locality are at Fort Grant, and under orders to move in- BiiA tf a nroalr Ansa a nil a au-k wxnnAmit t'r "" The abandonment of Fort Bowie and Sunday school .work. But the world was never revolutionized by theorizing or preaching. It takes practical examples to make men. better, and a good man's life is worth more than all the pamphlets and sermons that were ever published by printing presses or delivered from pulpits. Justice Jackson has given his opinion on the income tax cases and returned to his home in the south. With his vote the count stood 5 in favor of the constitutionality of the law against 4 to :he contrary. This will make the measure valid, and the tax collectors t can proceed with their business and replenish the treasury as quickly as leaves the whole southern country open to their ravages, and it would not sur prise those who keep watch of the In dians to see the present trouble from the numerous small bands now off the reservation, bent on rapine and murder, end in a general outbreak. "WENT OYER AN EMBANKMENT.' A Passenger Train In Missouri - Fell Twenty Feet. St. Louis, May 14. A special from Salix, Mo., to the Post-D&pateh, says that at 8 a. M. the southbound passen ger train on the St. Louis & Hannibal railway was derailed by a broken rail, two miles from here, and thrown from a zo-loot embankment. The entire THE DEMOCRACY. The chivalry of old Spain must rec ognize that of young -Cuba as it ap pears in the manifesto of the Cuban Revolutionary Committee: "The Cu ban : salutes in death the Spaniard whom the. conscription has torn from his home that he may slay in other souls the freedom to which he himself aspires. But rather than salute him at death, the revolution would like to welcome him in life. In the bosom of the son of the Antilles there is no hatred. Steel will answer to steel, or friendship to friendship." Apparently the historic old Democ racy is on the eve of another "cricis," says the Globe-Democrat. One faction of the party, and that seemingly the most numerous faction, declares that it will carry a free silver resolution through the national convention next year and commit the party to that policy, while the opposing faction, which is less noisy, but is just as earn est, appears determined to resist that policy by all the resources at its com mand, even if that resistance obliges it to support the Republican ticket. At least a few 'representative men of the latter faction have made threats of this sort, and there is no doubt at all that many, if not the majority, of its voters would take this course. More over, this particular faction contains the bulk of the brains and character of the party. The outlook, at present, is a little gloomy for the Democracy, but the man who is acquainted with the party's history will not be in any hurry to'write its obituary. In 1817-25 the Democracy was on the point of disin tegration because, like Alexander, it had conquered all the enemies it had met and no others were in sight. It did, indeed, split in the latter part of this period, and in fighting the seced ing section it got enough excercise to put it in good physical condition again. On the nullification and United States Bank deposits question in the early '30s" there ' were many Democratic, bolters, who went over to the Whigs, but the unholy alliance hurt the Whigs rather than helped them. A much nosaihle for it oaAiv nmlii rnnro 1 r'uuu cuiuuk.iiicuu. j.uv enure PJr' Tl??;?le track 'or a distance of 100 feet was torn money. The Democratic administra tion has been saved by a majority of one; but the act wilt always remain in the minds of the public as one of doubtful expediency. Next Tuesday is the time fixed for the Smith law, regulating traffic be tween this city and Celilo, to go into effect, and an effort will be made to enforce its provisions. This law pro vides that goods and produce shall be transported over the portage at a pro rata charge, thus giving farmers and shippers east of this point the advan tages of cheap water transportation to seaboard. The railroad claims if the Oregon legislature has the power to regulate prices betwean these two points it may at other places, and it virtually turns the railroad property over to the state. This question will undoubtedly go to the courts, and will be a hard fought case. The decision in the railroad commis sioners case has-been rendered in favor of the members holding their offices until their successors are elected and qualified, and, so far, this settles the status of those useless salary-drawers created by the legislature. It mav be appealed to the supreme court; but this is not at all nicely. .Both parties last June were pledged, to the abolition of these commissions, and the Republi cans, by reason of the contest on the senatorial question, did nothing. Un der this decision it will make no dif ference to them if the next legislature are as inactive as the last one was. They are all right, and they will draw their salaries with the same equanimity of temper as if they were elected by the people, and had the most onerous du ties to perform. The next international question that may interest the United States is the boundary dispute betweem Great Britain and Venzuela, and the secre tary of state has made a thorough study of the subject. It is a dispute mat nas continued between the two countries for a long time, and if the re port is true Great Britian has continu ously purloined territory from the little republic, and is now attempting to attacn 10 uritisn uuiana tne richest portion of the country. It is a proper matter for arbitration, and the good offices of this country should be used to protect the little state from any un just appropriation of land by Great Britain. There should be no jingo policy pursued; but our state depart ment should say what it means and have everything in readiness to enforce ate demand 1 up, some of the rails being thrown off the right-of-way. Very few passengers escaped injury. The Boiler Exploded. Detroit, May 14. A boiler explod ed on the steamer Unique, in Lake St. Clare, at 5:20 last evening, nine miles from Belle Isle. George Robinson the engineer, who was setting on the port rail, was thrown overboard and drowned. Anthony Case, a coalpasser, was Killed outrignt, ana John Plant, fireman, was frightfully burned. There were about 40 passengers, who rushed for the lifepreservers, but they quickly became reassured, xne unique lay on iaKe at. jiare anui z this morning wnen a tug look ner in tow ana reach' ed Detroit at J this morning. 15 miles from here, seven men were killed. Their names are Claud English, James Mowers, Eugene Merrick, Ly man Perry, Charles Grover, Caleb Con verse, Albert DeGrayey. Dell Gredley will not survive. FOUND IN HONOLULU. Important Papers Bearing on the Ven ezuela Trouble. Washington, May 15. According to advices received here important British documents have been found at Honolulu as to the pending British Venezuela boundary question, in which the United States has urged arbitra tion as a means of settlement. Assistant Surveyor-General Curtis J. Lyons, of Hawaii, has examined them and has made a map accompanied by a statement which, it is said, sup ports the Venezuelan contention, even on evidence thus far presented by the British. The records brought to public atten tion by Mr. Lyons were furnished Hawaii by the British foreign office when Hawaii was a monarchy, largely under British control. They are on file in the surveyor's office at Hono lulu. Lyon was led to make an inves tigation by the publication last month of the British map of Guiana territory. On comparing this with the map fur nished by the foreign office 20 years ago. he found the boundary line en tirely changed. The first map gave the line as Venezuela claims it should be. The last map shifts the line far to the westward, and includes as British territory about 10.000 square miles which the first map showed to be clearly Venezuelan territory. The old map was made by the Royal Geographical Society, of England, and thereafter given official approval and sent out by the foreign office. It is therefore considered of scientific as well as of official value. Mr. Lyons says: "The area thus taken in, as shown on these maps themselves, is 10,000 square miles or more, larger than the area of either Massachusetts or Vermont. What Venezuelans are claiming we have not the means of knowing, but it is very natural they should claim at least that British Gui ana should adhere to the original map. ENGLAND TO HAW AIL Rlckard and Walker Claimed as British Subjects. San Francisco, May 15. The steamer Australia from Honolulu brings the following advices dated May 8: Though England is generally reported as avoiding the question of citizenship involved in the resent claims for British protection by rebels in the recent uprising, Earl Kimberly has sent a deoison to the British commis sioner : in the cases of Rickard and Walker, both convicted of . treason. The decison regards Rickard and Walker as citizens of Great Britian, and subject to the protection of that country. This decision is interesting, on account of a letter received from Secretary Gresham, indicating a policy directly opposed to that of Great Britain. Rickard and Walker were both naturalized Hawaiian citizens. They swore they merely took oath of allegiance, but their applications for naturalization are on file in the interior office. Earl Kimberly's de cision was made without seeking evi dence. While the dispatch of Kim berly simply states that Rickard and Walker must be protected as British subjects, it makes no indication of fur ther steps. The Hawaiian govern ment will not admit that these men are British subjects, and will accept the consequences. It is willing to leave the matter to arbitration as a final resort, but will not yield in "any other : way. Minister Hatch has handed Minis- ! ter Willis his answer regarding Minsl- : ter Thurston's recall, denying the ; charges made against Thurston, whose . s u. - .,-...).. IS UpUWU ill OYCl J. pm UiViUlW . Thurston will not return to Washing ton, but his successor is unnamed. . The government has - chartered a steamer to patrol Hawaiian waters to prevent the landing of arms for the revolutionists. TELEGRAPHIC. THE CHEHALIS TRAGEDY. A History of Wrong-Doing Back of tha Crimes. Chehalis, Wash.. May 15. It now transpires there was a history behind the tragedy at Centralia yesterday. The name of the man who was killed was Joe Cope. The woman was the wife of M. E. Jones, of Hart's location, or Glen station, N. H. Nine years ago Cope was employed there as a nurse. Jones was a wealthy lumberman. Cope and the woman ran away, taking her daughter, Kittie, now in the state re form school. They lived together four years at Winlock and three at Cen tralia. Cope treated the woman bru tally. She went on the streets and finally went to Tacoma a year ago. On her person last night was found a note to the girl saying she. was home less, penniless and friendless, and that there was nothing left but to kill Cope, who had ruined her life, and then her self. Monday night she waited at the door of the theater with a loaded re volver, intending to kill him when he came out, but her purpose was dis covered, and she was prevented. Judge NO VACANCY EXISTS. Hewitt Favors Railroad mlssioners. Com- CENTRALIA TRAGEDY. Logger Robinson Killed by a Woman While Both Were Intoxicated. Centralia, Wash., May 14. About 4 o'clock this afternoon a woman who has been living with John Robinson as his wife shot him, causing instant death, and then shot herself. - The tragedy took place near the top of Seminary hill, just on the edge of the city. Just what led to the shooting is not positively known. Both parties had been drinking for several days, and this morning were seen, about 10 o clock, to ascend the mil toe-ether. They were so much under the influence of liquor that it was difficult for them to climb the hill, which is quite steep, ana they stopped several times to rest on the way. They were up there from morning till the time of the shooting. They had been living in Centralia about two years, but three or four months ago the woman went-to Taco ma, ana only returned a lew daysr ago. Schnlze's Defalcations. Tacoma, May 14. Facts have come to lie-tit which indicate that the late Paul Schulze's - defalcations amount to nearly or ouite half a mil. lion dollars, making his total embez zlement the largest known on the Pa cific coast. The new defalcations are those in the accounts of the Northern Land & Development company, of South Bend, Wash., and the Olympia Land & Investment company, which owns the townsite of Ocosta, the ter minus of the Gray's Harbor branch of the Northern Pacific. South Bend is the terminus of the branch to Villapa harbor. Seven Wells vtlle, Men Killed. N. Y.. May 14. Bv the explosion of a boiler in a sawmill. Albany, Or., May 15. Judge Hew itt today rendered -a decision in the case of J. B. Eddy, one of Oregon's railroad commissioners, vs. Harrison R. Kincald, secretary of state. On April 17 a writ of mandamus was issued commanding the secretary to draw a warrant on the state treasury in favor of Eddy, for $245.55, the balance due as salary as railroad commissioner for the quarter ending March 31, 1895. To this writ the defendant interposed a general demurrer, presenting three points of argument: First That the law providing for the election of railroad commissioners by the legislature is unconstitutional and void. Second Conceding the authority of the legislature to elect commissioners, the failure to elect, at the last biennial session created a vacancy. Third That the offices of the com missioners became vacant at the expi ration of the last biennial term by reason of the neglect of the commis sioners to file a new oath of office. After a lengthy argument, and cita tion of authorities, including decisions by Judges Lord and Strahan. while on the supreme bench of Oregon, that the appointing power is within the scope of the legislature, Judge Hewitt holds that no vacancy exists, the constitution providing that all officers, except members of the legislature, shall hold their offices until their successors are elected and qualified. He also holds that their continuation in office is a part of the original terms, and that no new oath or Jbond is required. The demurrer is accordingly overruled, leaving the writ . requiring the secre tary of state to pay the salary in force. The case will probably go to the supreme court for final decision THE HAWAIIAN SITUATION. A Crisis Expected as the People Prefer a Monarchy. San Francisco, May 16. Julius A. Palmer, who went down to the Haw aiian islands to investigate the state of affairs there as special correspon dent of the New York Evening Post three months ago, arrived here on the Australia. He believes that there will soon be a crisis there and that the end can only be the restoration of the mon archical form of government. He says there never will be harmony until the monarchy is restored and Princess Kaiulani placed on the throne. In giving his reasons for this belief he says: ''There are three main points of danger to the government. The first is that Secretary Gresham has decided that Bowler is not an American citizen, and Great Britain has decided that Rickard and Walker are British sub juuts. "The greatest fear of the Hawaiian government is Japan, and they do not scruple to say so. They are making arrangements to get in 5000 Chinese coolies and send away as many Japan ese. The government, when the Japanese coolies came in, gave an un derstanding that if Japan would supply them with coolies they would employ them. Now Japan will probably bold that this understanding is being violated. . "The third danger to the govern ment party is in themselves. The democracy, or American League, is taking umbrage at the new importa tion of Chinese. "The financial condition is also one of the things that will bring on a crisis, May 1 the government adver tised publicly that no bills must be paid except in three and six months credit. "The loyalty of the natives to mon archy was never as strong as now. and it was the basis of the union of all par ties in past years and there will never be harmony until that monarchy is re stored in Princess Kaiulani and that would make peace at once." Colonel Volney V. Ashford, attorney-general of Hawaii, who arrived on the same steamer, expresses similar views: "There is a perfect reign of terror in the islands. Informers are every where. People do not dare to speak in their own nouses. There is every where a feeling of uncertanty, doubt and impending danger and ruin. - "Those who favored, annexation have made up their minds that it is im possible. The missionaries, as we call most of the political party in power, have claimed to be in favor of annexa tionist have never been really. The real annexationists mistrust them now. "As for the future? Well, annexa tion is an impossibility, and all are agreed on that. Thurston has gone back and it is publicly said that he is going to propose the restoration of a monarchy, with Kaiulani--on the throne. " " "A republic seems an impossibility, such a large part of the population are incapable of governing themselves. As long as this so-called republic can pay armed men to keep down rebel lion, it will last, and no longer. What they are talking of now, and want first, is some sort of protectorate of - the United States. "They are afraid of Japan, and then they want some protection against any other foreign interference. Then, of course, what is next wanted is a mon archy. The natives are not all dis couraged -by the failure of the last movement. . They would gladly make another attempt. I am not a royalist in principal, but under all the con ditions existing there, I think it the only thing. - A monarchy would unite all the natives and be respected by all foreign powers." HARD TO GET ACCURATE . NEWS. Inform. Government Censors 8nppress tion From Cuba. New York, May 15. A special to the World from Santiago, Cuba, says: It is almost impossible to get accu rate news of the revolution to the United States. Information sent by mail and telegraph is suppressed by government censors who are acting under orders. From news brought by men directly from interior provinces, it appears that all the eastern end of tire island, with the exception of garrisoned towns, is at the mercy of bands of insurgents. They are prowling around within six miles of the city of Santiago and the Spanish soldiers are afraid of them. The village of Cainey, only five miles from here, has been attacked by a band of rebels under the leadership of Vic tjriano Garcoone. The inhabitants fled in terror. The government troops are now in close pursuit of Maceo, who is contin ually obliged to change his headquar ters. He has just camped on a coffee Elantation in the mountains between ere and Guantanamo. He managed to hold a conversation there with his. first lieutenants and the representa tives ef nearly 6000 armed followers. He assigned them to duty, at different parts of the province, but retained 2000 men to act under his own direction. Recruits are coming in faster than he can provide arms for them. Maceo threatens to burn the towns of San Luis, Songola and Christo, be cause the Spaniards are using them as the base of supplies. He seems to be conducting his' campaign in small towns along the line of the railways. In these eruerilla skirmishes the Span ish have' met with small losses so far. The soldiers are persistent in their ef forts to put down the rebellion. THE INCOME-TAX LAW. Ramon That it Will be Declared Un constitutional. Washington, May 16. There is a rumor in circulation today that the income-tax law will be declared uncon stitutional when the decision is ren dered next Monday, either by a vote of six to three or seven to two. Last Monday, it will be recalled, there was a rumor circulated that Justice Jack son had decided - on Saturday last to vote for its constitutionality, and that his vote, with four others in favor of it, would result in a decision bv a vote of five to four in favor of the law. If the actions 8f the treasury department officials and those at the head of the department of justice today can be taken as an-indication, the probabili- ties seem to be that they nave had an inkling that the law is to be declared unconstitutional on Monday. That they were worried is apparent. - While no one is able to speak au thoritively, the general impression is that the law will be declared un constitutional and stricken from the statute-books. Of course the whole question hinges upon the vote of Jus tice Jackson, and certain parties close to this jurist assert positively that he will decide against the law. They say he has always been a federalist, and that when this legislation was first proposed in congress he openly ex pressed his disapproval of it. THE CELEBRATED Columbia Brewery AUGUST BUCHLER, Prop. This Well-known Brewery is now turning out the best Beer and Porter east of the Cascades. The latest appliances for the manufacture of good healthful Beer have been intro duced, and only the 6rst-clasa article wi 1 be placed on the market. East Second Street. The Dalles. Oregon can you Buy Groceries Cheaper Than This 5c per 2-oz of Plug Cut Tobacco and a Missouri Mearchaum with eight packages. 20c per dozen for lemons, usual price 35 cents. . 25 cents for three dozen eggs, guaranteed fresh. !J', lor 16 Pund o granulated sugar, San Francisco refinery. 81.00 for 17 pounds of granulated sugar, Hong Kong refinery. All stock fresh and of approved brands. Goods delivered free to any part of the city. You are especially invited to call and examine stock and prices. Telephone No. 92. M. T . Nolan, Corner op Union and Second Streets. The ro Fine Wine Eooms AO. KELLER. MANAGER. Best Grade California ffioB anil Brandies in the Ciiy A COMPLETE LINK OF- IMPORTED and DOMESTIC LIQUORS and CIGARS o. 0O Second door from The corner of Court Street . . , THE DALLES, OREGON UrOnn'C COLLHTERHL BKNK nVJUU O hnd HUCTION R007-T Opposite Ward, Kerns A Robertson's Livery Stable on Second SL SECOND-HAND FURNITURE BOUGHT S SOLD Money Loaned on Jewelry and Other Valuables. . AUCTION EVERY SATURDAY From 11 to 2 o'clock. I will sell Qif me a call . any goods or proje tj placed with mo .t . t R. B. HOOD. The New Columbia Hotel This large and popular house does the principal hotel busi ness, and is prepared to furnish the Best Accom , tnodations of any house in. the city, and at the low rate of $1 Per Day. First-Class Meals. 25 Cents Heart Palpitation Indigestion, Impure Blood Cured by Hood's. Office for all STAGE LINES leaving The Dalles for all points in Eastern Oregon, and Eastern Washington, i is located in this Hotel. T. T. NICHOLAS. Proprietor. Cor. Front and Union Sis The Dalles, Oregon J. 0. MHCK French's Block, 171 Second Street, THE DULLES, OREGON. PABbT ceLeBRHTGD BEER Fine Wines, Liquors, and Cigars. DOMESTIC and KEY WEST i, CIGARS. Drowned la tha IJttle Spokane. Spokane, May 16. Thomas Foster, wen-Known young man 01 tnia cltv. waa drowned in the Little Spokane. 16 miles from here, today. While fishing I witn a party 01 irienaa, ne went out on a aeep, oroaa pool in an old boat. In casting his line, he was thrown from the boat and drowned. The body was recovered an ho xt later by an In-1 aian. Mr. JX W. Bridge "(1 1. Hood ft Co.. LoweD. Hau.i "Dear Sin: During th winter and pr!nf 1 1 are used a dozad boalu of Hood's Barsapa. mi m ary family, and I am quit sura wo have bom greatly benefited by It. tor yean I hare Been troubled witn indigestion. aeoompaBlet MOOD'S Sarsaparilla CORES fey sympathetic heart tromblo, and Hood's 8a saparUla has deaa aw Tery much good. Wt are also grrea tt to the children for Impure blood and rlngwerms with Tery aeod results." IX W. Baiooaa. rieasadt Hill. Oregon, K.B. tt yoa fleelde to take Hood's Sarsap tula do not bo hwiated to buy say other. Hood'a Pills mire all Llrer Ills, Biliousness, I GEORGE RUCH. PIONEER GROCER (Successor to Chrisman 6c Corson.) FULL LINE OF STAPLE AND FANCY GROCERIES - Again at the old stand I would be pleased to see all my former patrons. Free delivery to any part of the city.