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0 . SATURDAY .-. .JUNE 8, 1895 THEN AND NOW. In 1895 aa in 1875 Ohio is the ad vanced guard of the honest money movement, says the Globe-Democrat. Twenty years ago. when the Repub licans in many states of the Mississippi . Valley were in favor of straddling the greenback question. Ohio's Republi can convention declared against the soft money iniquity and nominated Rutherford B. Hayes for governor. Hayes had held the governorship . twice, though at this time William ,Allen, who was renominated by the 'Democrats in 1875, was in that office. In Ohio, as in some other states, there . was and is a prejudice against third termism in the governorship, and this probably drove some votes away from Hayes. He made his canvas strictly : on the finance question. In his letter of acceptance of the nomination and in' every speech which he made in the campaign he vigorously combated the greenback delusion, and though op posed by the ablest Democratic cam paigner in the west he carrried the Btat bya majority of over 5000. Hayes' victory broke the spell of greenback invincibility, and the rag money craze began to subside from that time. Ohio this year, as twenty year3 ago.is - the first of the states in holding a con vention, and now, as then, it takes its stand squarely and courageously in favor of honest money. Twenty years . ago it was unlimited greenbacks that threatened the country's solvency and honor; today it is the related peril of unlimited silver. Now, as then, the .inflationists tamper with the currency system, menace the -national credit and assail the interests of every wage-workeB-in the country, and now, as at that time, Ohio leads the way in the attack on the conspirators. Hayes' overthrow of Allen and the inflation .. ists was the Saratoga of the honest i money campaign cf 1875, which brought its Yorktown a few years later. ' Bushnell's victory in 1895, which will be the Gettysburg battle of the sound currency army, will bring its Appomattox in 1896. - The example of Ohio in vigorously condemning the free silver folly will strengthen the hands of Republicans in every state. Now, as always since the Republican party's formation, the Republican has been the sound money organization. Outside of the four or five mining states the overwhelming majority of the Republican party is opposed to the free coinage of silver by this country independently. Every Republican State Convention of 1895 outside of the Rocky Mountain region will follow the lead taken by Ohio and plant itself squarely on - a platform which demands the retention of the 100c dollars. There will be no equhr ; .ocation or concession.- The silver leclaration which Ohio's veteran statesman, John Sherman, formulated for his state, which is on the lines laid down in the national platform of 1892, will be indorsed by the other states this year and, be re-affirmed by the party in its national convention next year. It is based on the maxim that honesty is the best policy, and this is as good a doctrine in national politics as it is in morals. from any corporation without first as sessing its value and tendering pay ment therefor. While this decision i9 not rendered in an official way, yet presuming from it the result of litiga tion with the company it is reasonable to conclude that no effort will be made to put the law in operation. There is only one certain relief for the people of the Inland Empire from exorbitant rates of transportation, and that is by an open river. Now that the locks at the Cascades are nearing com pletion the northwest must use every effort possible for the construction of the ship railway between this point and Celilo. This, with the Cascade canal, will make. uninterrupted navi gation of the Columbia river for hun dreds of miles, and will reduce the cost of carriaga to the minimum. Aportage railway will not answer this purpose," as that will require the same handling of goods as is now necessary. Acts of legislature regulating freight rates are intended for the relief of producers; but they are liable to be faulty in construction and dilatory in their operation, and the certain and effectual remedy for excessive freight tariff is by water competition. The Dalles and vicinity in less than a year will have an open river to the sea, and will be liberated from the control of railroad monopoly WTien the ship railway is finished Eastern Oregon will have an open and untrammelled highway to the ocean, and, however much the people may de sire it, the shackles on the farmers and producers will not be loosened un til boats can load with products at the highest navigable waters of the Colum bia and transport the same to tide water without breaking cargo. TURKISH POLICY. THAT FAIR WHEAT. There seems to be great rejoicing on , the part of wheat dealers in San Fran cisco, says the Inter Ocean, over the final sale for exports of all the wheat the late Mr. Fair, of Bonanza wealth held in store at Port Costa. That vast pile served as a dead weight on the market. : . This wheat was bought between August, 1893, and June, 1894, and amounted in all to about 216,000 tons, as Bixiy pounas oi wneat make a bushel, in this state, at least, a little figuring will show the magnitude of the holding. ' About 40,000 tons had been sold be fore, this present sale being the bal ance, 176,000 tons. The net loss on the deal is supposed to be about $1,500, 000, which will come out of the three children. Their fortunes will still be ample. According to all accounts the foreign supply is so depleted that the market will not be congested. Not far from the time that Mr. Fair began to buy Mr. Armour also showed his faith in wheat, but with this important difference: Instead of storing it in warehouses owned by others he put it in his own bins, and when they were too small he - built another elevator. , In the summer of 1893 he took out a per mit for building an elevator, and at once set about its construction. An electric plant was put in and the work prosecuted night and day. By that meane he was able to take the wheat as fast as the bears fed it to him. That elevator construction was in point of fact a great achievement. It was a case of rising to an emergency worthy a great general defending the key to the military situation. But Mr. Fair had to pay $50,000 a month storage charge. It would not take the wheat very long to eat itself up in storage at . that rate. Jo seph's preparation for the prophesied famine would have bankrupted the Egyptian treasury had the surplus of those seven years of plenty been stored . in hired elevators. The outrages recently committed at Jeddan, and the threatened massacre of Europeans at that point by Be douins, are believed to be the result of the note of the pcwera to the porte demanding many reforms in Armenia. Constantinople, it is reported, will not accede to the demand of the govern ments, whose representatives have re cently investigated affairs in Armenia, and have arrived at the conclusion that the time has come for an inter vention in the affairs of Turkey re garding the treatment of Christians. Armenians, Bulgarians and provinces in the ottoman empire have suffered inhuman cruelties from Moslems for a long time, and every few years the spirit of Christian Europe ha9 been aroused and demands for reforms made. These have been met by the fairest promises on the part of the Turk; but, - in almost every instance they have been violated, as soon as the excitement of the Europeans had been allayed. The war between Turkey and Russia . resulted in consequence of the barbarities per petrated upon the christians in Bal garia; but, although the Turk was whipped, before he was thoroughly punished an English fleet sailed up the Mediterranean to the sea of Mormora and caused the Russians to halt. After that, at the treaty of Berlin, reforms were promised by the Moslem; but since that time the Turk has given exhibitions of his Punic faith, and last year, in the heart of the moun tains of Armenia, aided by half- civi lized Kurds, committed barbarities on the inhabitants of that country which have appealed to the feelings of Christians in both hemispheres. This caused the commission to be appointed by Great Britain, France and Russia, and as a result the Sultan has been informed that a certain change must be made in his govern ment of Armenia. The wild Bedouins, whom Mahomet partially civilized, are fanatical followers of the doctrines of the. prophet, and apparently are at tempting revenge because unbelievers have interfered with Moslem affairs. Their fanaticism is almost unbounded, and believing that if they die at the hands of a Christian dog they will go immediately to paradise, where there will be complete gratification of all their lascivious oriental desires, con' siderable mischief may be done with out prompt action is taken for the pro tection of foreign residents. At this stage it seems a proper time for a lasting solution of the Eastern question. The Mosleii and Christian cannot exist in peace in Europe, and the fittest should survive. Turkey's measure of Iniquity is full, and she should no longer remain a pretended civilized power to be a lasting dis grace to the nineteenth 3entury. She would have been parcelled up among other nations long ago if it had not been ihe fear that it might destroy the bal ance of power. It is not humanity to permit Moslens to butcher men, ravish women and torture innocent children simply because they, are of different religious belief, and the enlightened sense oi the world should not Dermit it any longer. Under different rulers Armenians, Bulgarians and other Christian peoples, oppressed by Tur key, would be bappy and contented, and the right ehould be guaranteed them that they be permitted to wor- hip God according to the dictations of their consciences, without molestation from inhuman assassins. LABOR STRIKES. The labor organizations are right in regarding the decision of the supreme court in the Debs case as a most im portant one in its bearing upon their interests and operations,says the Globe- Democrat. It sustains the Chicago strike injunction, which was directed not only against acts of violence, but also against peaceful efforts to inaugur ate a strike. The offense of Debs and his official associates consisted in send in? out teleerams ordering members of the union in various places to strike. Such a proceeding is held by the court to be contrary to law, because it is cal culated to cause an obstruction of a highway of interstate commerce; and such an obstruction is a public nui sance to be restrained like any other nuisance. "The difference between a public nuisance and a private nui sance," the court says, "is that the one affects the people at large and the other simply the individual." In both cases, the Quality of the wrong is the am e, we are told, and the jurisdiction of the courts over them rests upon the same principles and goes to the same extent. "It surely cannot be seriously contended," it is added, "that the court has jurisdiction to enjoin the obstruction of a highway by one person, but that its jurisdiction ceases when the obstruction is by a hundred persons." This decision, it will be observed, practically denies the right of labor organizations to take any step in the way of working up a strike that im plies interference with the operation of a railroad. That is to say, it is held that a railroad strike is a public nuis ance, because it obstructs a highway that is for the use of the people at large: and therefore organized bodies of laborers may be enjoined from doing anything to bringsuch a result to pass. It will be remembered that in the Northern Pacific case, Judge Jenkins issued an injunction of this kind, which was subsequently modified by the federal circuit court of appeals so far as it restrained the labor leaders from counseling a strike, the idea being to uphold the right of railway employes to strike peaceably. The court of last resort now says in effect that Judge Jenkins' decision was cor rect, and should not have been modi fied on appeal; or, in other words, that railroad employes have no right to strike, peaceably or otherwise, under any provocation. This is a radical view of the matter, and one that con flicts with the general opinion upon the subject. It has been supposed heretofore that laborers had a perfect right to strike at any time or for any reason so long as they did not resort to violent means; but the supreme court declares that so far as railroad employes are concerned, this is an er roneous opinion, and they must find some other way to protect their inter ests and accomplish their purposes. own or the opposite sex. The result has been selfish and inconsiderate women who accept all chivalrous atten tions from men as a right, without a thought that they owe even the cour tesy of a thank you in return. It is a good time to begin such teaching when women are entering upon a wider sphere of work with a greater recogni tion of rights the same as those of men. It would be a loss rather than a gain if these new rights should be as sumed in such a way as to knock down the old ideas of chivalry among men. and the best way to maintain these will be to teach the new woman the same chivalry toward men as is taught the bovs toward women. The New York Sun agrees with Re. publicans that the arraignment of the Democratic administration in the Ohio Republican platform is just, and says that the only reply Democrats can make is that "Democracy, the Democ racy of Jefferson and Jackson and Til den, is accountable for none of these things; that Democracy has been be trayed and swindled by its own trus tees of power." This will be a novel defense, and it will be interesting to see the Democrats making such a cam paign in this country. Who will be the leader to stand on such a platform, denouncing the present administra tion and defying President Cleveland ana his thousands oi omce-noiaersr TELEGRAPHIC. 8CKKOUXDED BY FIRE. CONSISENT DOCTRINES. The Democrats of Illinois have come out boldly and declared for the free and unlimited coinage of silver, and this may be indicative of the; trend of politics in that party. On the con trary the Republicans of Ohio have came out boldly in favor of the sound financial policy pursued by the party for over a quarter of a century, and this will tend to show the direction of the current of public opinion inside the organization. It will be perfectly consistent with the traditions of both parties for one to favor fiat money and the other the standard of value ac knowledged by the commercial world, Democracy has been in favor of equi table adjustment of the, public debt in other words, repudiation; it has fondled the rag baby to its bosom and it now -worships the silver goddess' very iiuely the Democratic party will adopt this craze of free silver the watchword for the campaign of IS96, and this will cause dissatisfaction and disintegration in the ranks; but there are Democrats who will not willingly endorse such fallacies even if they, apparently, are popular, and these will not keep quiet next year, There can be no factional fight in the Republican party on the tariff or money questions. No new ground can be taken on these subjects without re versing the history of the past thirty years, and there is no desire or neces sity for any such action. Protection and sound money were the doctrines of the founders of. the Republican party, and under these principles' the nation has enjoyed unexampled pros perity. To see these again firmly fixed as the policy of the government is the desire of a large majority of the Amer ican people, and with such watchwords it is not prophetic to speak of Repub lican success in 1896, for it is one of those foregone conclusions that does not require prescience to determine. EDITORIAL NOTES. THE ONLY RELIEF. lhe bmith bill, which passed the last legislature and which is now in xorce, may not anora much relief to producers. Its object was to force the O. R. & N. Co. to transport goods from Celilo to this city at pro rata charges, thus giving shippers the ad . vantages of cheap rates to seaboard. Of course this was passed without con sulting the railroad company, and it was expected everything possible would be done to render it invalid. Senator Smith, of Sherman county, the author of the bill, held a consulta- -. tion with members of the transporta : tion bureau some weeks ago in Port land, and it was decided to submit the matter to Attorney-General Idleman ' for an opinion.' As that official be lieves that the question will come before him in some other shape he does not deem it proper to give a writ ten opinion; but he holds that, "if a citizen of Eastern Oregon, or any other portion of the state.has a right to take a single tie or yard of earth, he has also . the same right to take from the O. R. &N. Co.'8 ground for the inclines needed, and also to insist on making the company furnish- means of trans . portation, as well as placing on the embankments to be constructed suita ble rails in order to establish, con nection between The Dalles and Celilo." This opinion of the attorney general is based on article 1, section 18, of the state constitution,- which provides that no property can be taken THE CASCADE RESERVE. It will be good news to our flock- masters and sheepmen that Senator Mitchell has had a conference with the secretary of the interior, and has- se cured a rescission of the order issued by the department prohibiting sheep from running at large on the Cascade timber reserve. There will be no such prohibition of grazing sheep on the reservation, and this fine summer pas ture will be open to cattle of all kinds. To set aside a large portion of the public domain for any purpose except that which would be beneficial to set tlers is wrong in principle, and savors very much of monarchical despotism. It may have been that this reserve contains many species of wild erame. which are rapidly disappearing; but it is also true that it consists of some of the best pasture lands in Eastern Oregon, and these are becoming scarcer every year as the soil is culti vated . in increasing areas. Feed for sheep is a great aid to a productive industry, which is a source of consid erable revenue to the residents of the Inland Empire, and this should ' be of greater importance than to preserve the deer, elk and -other game to furnish-sport for those who have the tune and inclination. .We always felt assured that as soon as the facts were known -to - the depart ment the drder would not be enforced, and we are pleased . that through the active efforts of Senator Mitchell the secretary of the interior has acted to the' best interests of wool growers. Our delegation in congress has never been remiss in attending to the inter ests of their constituents, and in this matter its action has been ' very prompt. Dallas, Texas, will very likely be chosen for the fight between Fitz Sim mons ana corbett, and that will be a Mecca to which the pilgrimage of sport ing iubu win huiu la a iew montns, The dispatches state that a cool east erly breeze has made life bearable at the east, in this portion of the coun try easterly winds ;cook grain and burn vegetation generally. It is dif ferent east of the Rockies. Oscar Wilde is reported insane ; but this is not believed by many, while others have considered him and his disciples fit subjects for lunatic asy lums for years. Perhaps he is as sane now as he has been lor a long time. The decision of the supreme court in the income tax . cases has received nearly universal endorsement bv the leading men of both parties. Perhaps there has not been an opinion of the judiciary branch of the government for many years that has given such general satisfaction. The Savannah, Ga., News speaks words of no uncertain meaning as fol lows: "In 1873 there were no silver dollars in circulation. At present there are over six hundred millions of them and silver certificates, and thev circulate on a parity with gold dollars. Doesn't this look as if silver had been given a pretty good showing?" An exchange asks: "Why hasn't the price of silver gone up with wheat?. Perhaps the idea that one controls the price of the other is after all erroneous." " Our cotemporary snows signs oi awaicening to the true realization of affairs. The price of silver in no wise has ever controlled that of any other article, and is de pendent, uncoined, upon -the law of supply and demand. Aa a coin, it Is very convenient lor change, and when supported by gold, has equal purchas ng power. An English educationalist of repute proposes to introduce into the educa tion of young women and girls the principles of chivalry toward the. male sex, says an exchange. He maintains that this has been entirely neglected in the teaching of girls, and' while boys have been taught to pay due def erence to women, the girls have not been taught that they owed any con sideration to anyone, either" of their The great question in political cir cles is, Who will be secretary of state, to occupy the position made vacant by the death of Mr. Gresham? Attorney General Olney It, the latest person named, and his legal training will fit him for diplomacy. Whoever re ceives the portfolio must bend to the will of Mr. Cleveland, for he is especially adapted to be president and secretary of state, and no other for eign policy than that followed for the past two- years will be introduced while the Democrats are in power in Wash ington. The present administration will be distinctly Democratic, not only in regard to the tariff, but also in the manner in which our foreign relations will be managed. Mr. James J. Hill, owner of the ?reat Northern railroad, who is now visiting Portland with his family, seems to be prevaded with the same reticence in regard to affairs connected with his railroad enterprises as has always characterized his actions. To the inquiry in reference to the control of the Northern Pacific, rumors having been afloat that Mr. Hill -was to assume control, he would give no answer either one way or the other, but said that the Northern Pacific would be reorganized and placed on a sound financial basis. Evidently Mr. Hill is firm in his control of railroad proper ties as he ever has been, and means to continue so, and that in his own man ner of ;'.ction irrespective of all other pulls to the contrary. The constant fearful drought over nearly all the regions north and west of the Missouri river renders it certain there will be a great deficiency in their crops.' The apple, potato, wheat and corn crops of that great region which usually supplies a very extensive de mand, will not only be lacking but an increased demand will come from their millions of people and insures a larger price than customary. Their hay crop is also a total failure. Unless large soaking rains shall be received before the middle of June it is probable that the very roots of grasses, clover, weeds and most trees will have been utterly destroyed. The cause of this is a drought succeeding upon a loner ruinous drought. Common rain show- 3rs do no good. The lower earth is all lust. The Democratic press of the country are very jubilant over future pros pects, and speaks of the indications as the "better times" foreshadowed by the Wilson tariff. Every one will ad; mit there are signs of improvement but this will have to be kept up for a long while before the country will en joy the prosperity -experienced under ttepubiican rule. The Mciunley tar iff filled the treasury to overflowing, paid the laborer the highest wages and made business of all Kinds lucra tive: but Wilson free-trade, in less than a year, reversed these conditions, and the people have suffered as they never have before. Timgr: could not be worse than they have' been, and possibly they may be better by the ex ercise of economy and thrift on the part of our citizens; but until a Re publican congress restores protection they will not be what they were before the Democratic victory of 1892. The prospects of a good price for wool and a rise in wheat are very en courage! ng to the producers of the northwest, and, with cheap rates of transporataion from The Dalles, will be very beneficial to this community. More wool will be marketed this year than ever before, and the fleeces are of exceptionably fine quality. It is ex pected the wheat harvest will also be very bountiful, and farmers are calcu lating to receive from 60 to 70 cents a bushel. The future is very promis ing, and producers are satisfied if they can receive fair prices tor the output of their larms and nocks in sound - and .staple currency. Any people should be satisfied with good crops commanding good prices in good money, worth everywhere 100 cents to the dollar. This is much bet ter than high values in a depreciated currency, worth forty to fifty cents on the dollar, for which the silverites, in their delusive ideas on finance, are constantly praying. Pennsylvania Town Wiped Ont of Fx- Istence. Bradford, Pa., June 4. Fire at Russell City last night drove terror to the hearts of the 500 inhabitants. At 10 o'clock a brisk wind fanned the burning underbrush and hemlock tim ber into a solid mass of fire, covering three miles in width. The flames spread so rapidly that the people had to leave elerytning and run to the clearing, two miles distant, at High land Corners. Women with children in their arms, shrieking and bemoan ing their fate, ran and stumbled as they escaped from the fire. Many women fell exhausted and were tram' pled on, but all finally reached High land in safety. Nothing is left of the once hustling little place. The fire is still burning fiercely among the oil wells. The Northern Oil Company have 20 oil wells and a number of tanks burning, and there is no abatement to the fury of the names. It is impossible to estimate the loss. The woods leading to Clark's mills are one mass of flames on both sides of the road. How people who lived along the road could have escaped is beyond comprehension. There is no comma uication of any description with that place, and no news obtainable irom there, but there is no doubt of every thing having been burned in the path of the fire. Coon Run, three miles from Russell City, which was wiped out yesterday afternoon, wa9 entirely obliterated, The place consisted of 27 buildings, a pump station, schoolhouse and saw mill. A. B. Fowler, superintendent of the Northern Oil Company, says that while he and his men were "back fir ing" a stiff breeze from the west came up like maeic, and in less time than it takes to tell it, the fire was upon them Thev ran to the town and aroused the people to flee for their lives. Men women and children made a wild race for the railway track, a distance of five miles, while" the flames played havoc with all their belongings. The North ern Company lost 40 oil wells at this place, and a large number of rigs built for new welJs. About Zo tanlcs of oil were consumed. The fire at Ormsby is raging more fiercely than ever this afternoon. The place is without water protection and the flames are devouring a large area of standing timber. The sawmills and a number of houses have been con sumed. A stiff breeze is blowing and there is no telling what the outcome win be. The fire at West Kane, which threat ened the destruction of that place, is now under control. The damage done was the burning of nine oil well rigs, owned by the Griffith estate, an engine house and a dwelling house. Keports from UuKe uenter state the entire valley is on fire. The loss to oil and lumber men will be enormous. Kansas Branch, Rixford, Davis City, Summit City, Oil Valley, Limestone, State lane, Derrick City and Red Rock are ail in it, and unless rain falls soon, will be destroyed. Tiie sky is black with smoke. The mountains are invisible and the heat intense. Everything at Sugar Run, includ ing the sawmills and dwellings, were burned, and nothing remains of the place. The fire at Brookstone is Btill burning fiercely and there is no pros pect of checking the speed of the flames. It is impossible to get men, consequently the fires are making rapid progress. v The fires this afternoon reached the oil field at West Branch, and a dense cloud of smoke burst forth. It is re ported that several wells and tanks are on fire. cabinet, however, he has stated in substance that he should ask Olney to I accept the place. He is delaying pub lishing the announcement in order that he might at the same time name the successor to Olney as attorney general. It is regarded likely that senator Gray's visit to Washington may nave been in response to a mes sage from the president, and it is pos Bible he may have been offered the attorney-generalship or consulted thereon. EXTRAORDINARY CHALLENGE. Issued by a Free-Thinker to a Christian Woman. Dallas, June 6. Free-Thinkers hall was inadequate to conveniently noid those who listened to John Jti, Carlesworth s infidel lecture last night and it was the occasion of one of the most unique challenges upon record The lecture was entitled, "Is There God?" The speaker claimed that while there might be one, there was no actual evidence to prove it. He went over the ground from the earlv histories and records to the present day, and claimed that in the euonomy of nature there was no necessity for a god. At the conclusion of the lecture, Mrs. Sweeney, president of the Dallas W. C. T. U., arose and asked the lec turer if he would give her his name that she might pray for him. and if he felt his heart touched, he was to make a public admission of the fact, as he had of his unbelief in a Deity. Secretary Paget, of the Free-Think ers' Society, arose and asked Mrs. Sweeney if she would accept his name. saying that he. like the lecturer. doubted the existence of God. All he stipulated was a time limit. He did not want to wait until he was dead, as they might say he made a death re cantation. The time limit was set at three months. Mr Paget further stip ulated that if at the end of the three months he and Mr. Carles worth, or either of them, had not made a public confession, Mrs. Sweeney is to admit that there is no efficacy in prayer, and mat (joa is a failure and does not exist. To this Mrs. Sweeney agreed and lecturer and secretary signed this very extraordinary challenge. Sirs. Powell's Body Found. Wenatchee. Wash.. June 5. The body of Mrs. R. Powell, who with En gineer Haskell and Air. Barton was drowned several days ago in the Col umbia river at Alethow rapids, was recovered in an eday near Orondo, several miles below where the drown ing occurred. The body was in a fair state of preservation, considering that it had lain in the water over two weeks. As yet no trace of the other two bodies has been found. French Officer Wounded. Constantinople. June 5. In a dis pute here today between a Turkish officer and the officers of a French steamer regarding . baggage, the former drew a sword and wounded one of the French officers. The Turkish officer was arrested. The French em bassy promptly demanded satisfaction from the Turkish government, which agreed that the Turk shall be tried by French laws. Jumped Overboard and Drowned. PORT TOWNSEND, June 5. Professor Nosh, chief of the British educational bureau in India, and husband of a Hindoo princess, jumped overboard from the steamer City of Topeka, a few miles north of Queen Charlotte sound, last Monday, and was drowned. The body was not recovered. SITUATION IMPROVING. JUNE CROP REPORT. Turkey Mast Wheat Almost Failure In States. Six Central Inaugurate Armenia. Reforms In Chicago, June 3. The June crop re port of the Orange Judd Farmery pub lished this week, based on data up to May 27, makes the average condition of winter wheat 71.5 or 14 points short of last month, the heaviest crop in con dition ever recorded in a single month. The condition is high on the Pacific coast, but in Ohio. Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri and Kansas the average is only 61. According to the report the total crop in the six states named will little more than furnish bread and- seed required within their own borders, while the total winter wheat crop this year, including the large production of the Pacific coast, will not make enough to more than furnish bread alone for the people in the winter wheat belt- states east of the Rockies. The acreage of oats is reported at 3.8 per cent, larger than last year. The condition is 84, the lowest everv re ported for June. . v - THE GOLD STANDARD. has An Eminent Missionary. Worcester, Mass., June 5. Rev. Henry M. Scudder, an iminent mis sionary and clergyman, died last even ing from an attack of apoplexy. The Rev. Dr. Scudder was born in Ceylon, Fedruary 5, 1822, and came to America when he was iu years old. Me decided on the ministry for his profession, and in 1844 was graduated from the New York university, and two years after from Union theological seminary. Much oi his me was spent in inula as a missionary, and be was also in latter years a successful minister in San Francisco,- Brooklyn and Chicago. He leaves a wife and three children. Chill Returns to It With Satisfaction and Confidence. Washington, June 4. Senor Dom Gana, the new Chilian minister, received the following cablegram "Santiago, June a. it is very gratnying to me to inform you that after 17 years of the regime of paper money, uniii nas returned witn satis faction and confidence to the gold standard. The law is in force. "Fernandez, Minister of Finance." The resumption of specie payments by Chili which occurred on last Satur day, promises to furnish some inter esting lessons on coinage legislation. Reports from there state that the government tried to familiarize the people with the new forms of silver and gold coin, by getting out a prelimary issue. These were quickly exchanged for the paper money. As soon as the novelty had worn off the people were glad to go back to the more convenient form of paper currency. Another embarrassment occurred when the government found that the coin was being exported in great quan tities. The specie-payment law fixed the ratio between the metals at 41 to 1. This ignored 'the current ratio of the "world, tbat in the London market at the present time being 31 to i. as a result oi this ainerence. i bullion began to flow out of C The -silver coins were also exported because the law provides that thv should contain 444 grains of pure sil ver. Thus both gold and silver were being drained out of Chili, so that the government ordered the mints to stop xuriner coinage, under the new law the mints began last Saturday and there is much interest as to what will be the result of this last step. Constantinople, June 6. The sit uation as far as a settlement of the questions in dispute between the Turk ish government and representatives of the powers, regarding reform in Armenia, is concerned, shows consid erable improvement today. The im provement is undoubtedly due to (he hrm attutude of the powers in posi tively refusing to accept any modifi cations of the programme mapped out for the improvement of the condition of Armenia. The Turkish minister for foreign affairs, Said Pasha, has paid freouent visits to the British em bassy since the reply of the porte to the note of the powers was delivered, and it is hoped it will result in persuad ing the sultan to accept the inevitable as gracefully as possible. me incident of the assault upon a French officer by a Turkish officer may be regarded as closed, for the Turkish government has assured the French embassy it will accord the fullest satis faction, and an indemnity will be paid the French officer. In addition, Mb assailant will be tried before a military tribunal and punished if found guilty. Riotous Bedouins have destroyed the cholera hospital erected at Jedda for the care of the sick pilgrims travel ing to ana from Mecca. The Turkish garrison at Jedda has been reinforced, but the foreign population will remain on the ships in the harbor until the arrival of warships, when their safety will be guaranteed. TELEGRAPHIC. JEDDA PANIC-STRICKEN. An Attack has Been Threatened by Bed ouln Arabs. - Constantinople, June 5. Advices from Jedda, Arabia, the seaport of Mecca, and the scene of the recen murderous assault on the consular offi cers of Great Britian, Russia and France, announce that a panic prevails there. It is feared the Bedouins will attack the town. The latter are held responsible for the attack upon tho consuls, which resulted in the death of a British vice-consul, and a number were arrested in consequence. This has caused an angry feeling among tho Bedouins, who demand the release of those apprehended, and threaten to use force if the demand is not com plied with. The situation is so serious that the Europeans in Jedda are hastily seeking reiuge on board the merchant vessels in the harbor, taking all they possibly can of their belongings. It is also stated the arrival of the British Medi terranean squadron, numbering 1" warships ot various classes, is anxi ously expected at Jedda even by tho Turkish authorities, as the garrison is very wean. THE CHURCH OF HCMANITY. Its Development the Object of a Congress Now In Session. Chicago. June o. "To unite in a larger fellowship such existing liberal societies as are in sympathy with the movement toward undogmatic religion; to loster the organization of unsecta- rian churches and to develope to church of humanity." Such is the object of the American congress of liberal re ligions societies which held its open ing session last night in Sinai temple. Rev. F. E. D. Hurst, of Indianapolis, was the first speaker introduced. He spoke for the independents. Dr. Hurst said: "I am not flying the flag of indepen denoe. There are times when we feel the need of intellectual isolation, and then independence is a good thing. But there are times when we feel the current of more external things. Then we crave independence and fellowship. That feeling has brought us together. It is cheering and encouraging that we are not here to fly theological flags, but to find a platform where we can meet in common." W. L. Sheldon, of St. Louis, jvas in troduced as the representative of the Ethical Culturists. He attacked phrases. "They have become bubbles in the pulpit. They are used as almost siang. vv nat we want is equality and brotherhood. We could let the word religion go if need be, so that the thing remained. The distinctions be tween creeds we must have. There can be no brotherhood on a basis of zero. Our brotherhood ib the broth erhood of suffering humanity. I long to go from one end of the world to the other and ask men what they have dis covered that is helpful." Dr. Uirsch presented the Rev. Joseph Stoltz to give the message, not of Hebrewism, he said, but of Judaism and the Jews. He said: "This congress is the prophet to em phasize that we must not idolize our own little creed and pull down the curtains lest a ray of light get in and a heretic get out." Jenkin Lloyd Jones announced that in the audience were represented 35 towns from Massachusetts to Dakota. PRECAUTIONARY MEASURES. un sold iili lira. Judge Peck Dyspepsia Mrs. Judge Peck Tells How She Was Cured Sufferers from Dyspepsia should read the fol lowing letter from Mrs. H. M. Feck, wife of J udge Peck, a justice at Tracy, CaL, ami a writer sonnected with the Associated Press: ' "By a deep seuse of gratitude for the great benefit I have received from the use of Hood's SarsaparUlH, I lmve leeh led to write the follow ing statement for the benefit of sufferer who niKjr be similarly afflicted. For 15 years I have seen a great sunerer irom ayspepsut ana Heart Trouble. Almost everything I ate would distress me. I tried different treatmeuts and medicines, but failed to realize relief. Two years ago a friend prevailed upon me to try Hood's harsaparilla. The first bottle J noticed helped me, so I con tinued taking It. It did me so much good that my friends spoke of the improvement. I have received such great benefit from it that . Cladly Recommend It. I now have an excellent appetite and nothing I at ever distresses me. ft also keeps up my Hood'sCures flesh and strength. I cannot praise Hood's Barsaparllla too much." Mrs. H. JC Pick. Tracy, California. Get HOOD'S. - - THE AIXUKCA AFFAIR. Spain Makes an Apology for the Insnlt to the United States. WASHINGTON, June 4. The state department today received from United btates Minister Taylor, at Madrid, the complete ana nnai answer of Spain to the demand of Secretary Gresham for a disavowal of the firing on the United States merchant ship Allianca. The document was brought to the attention of the cabinet by acting Secretary um. ine answer is Baia to oe entirely satisfactory to the government, as it fully meets In- letter and spirit the demand made, spam, in its replv, disavows the act of firing upon the AUianca: expresses regret as the oo. currence useii, ana assures this gov ernment mat measures nave been taken to prevent a repetition of the same. Ex-Senator Back is Dead. - - Oakland, June 4. Ex-Senator L. W. Buck, injured by beine thrown from a cart Saturday while driving to a conference with the chief of police regarding the murder of his friend Miss Harrington, died this morn f no- He was unconscious to the last. His death, without any statement as to his knowledge of the murdered woman's affairs, still further deepens the mvs- tery enveloping the tragedy. The police hoped he could throw some light on the possible assassin. Hood' Pllla are hand Bade, and pertta - -' secretary of State. - Washington, June 4. There is no Ion per anv reasonable doubt that tho president nas fully determined to ask Attorney-General Olney to accept the state department portfolio. The presi dent has not intimated to Olney his purpose. To other members of the wants more soldiers. - General Campos Asks Spain for Rein forcements. Madrid, June 6. Captain-General Martinel de Campos has sent a cable message to the Spanish government annonncing that several insurgent leaders are expected to effect a landing in Cuba and, owing to fresh disturb ances on the island, he asks for a rein forcement of six battalions of infantrv. The cabinet has decided to send 10 ad ditional battalions to Cuba without delay. Republicans in the chamber of dep uties today formulated a resolution asking the government to permit the free discussion of Spanish affairs, par ticularly referring to the insurrection in Cuba. The resolution was rejected by the overwhelming majority of 132 to 19. Special Deputies are now Guarding nols Distilleries. Chicago, June 5. The threat of Thomas Finch, jr.. one of the owners of the Shufeldt distillery, that he would attempt to take possession of the plant should the supreme court declare forfeit the charter of the whisky trust, has caused Receiver Mc Nulta to take precautionary measures. Deputy United States Marshal Hush Curran was placed in custody of the distillery and a half-dozen employes were sworn in as special deputies. The receiver called on the marshal at the same time to send a special deputy to take custody of the Riverdale and the Calumet distilleries. Employes from oach will bo likewise, sworn iu as special deputies. The call on the marshal was made under the order of Judge Showalter a month, ago, when the 13 deputies were sent to Peoria. I The Chicago men have returned from Peoria and the employes of the dis I tilleriea there have been made special deputies. GREET BHRGHINS IN MILLINERY ' Trimmed Hats 75 Cents and Upwards. MRS. PHILLIPS. Washington Street VWV Wy y y yy yyyy .y y yyy yyy y y yy y yyyyy yy y GEORGE RUCH . . PIONEER GROCER . (Successor to Clinsman Oc Corson.) A FULL LINE OF STAPLE AND FANCY GROCERIES Again at the old stand I would be pleased to see all mv former patrons. Free delivery 10 any part of the citv. DOCTORS' PRESCRIPTIONS ZZ of (taaranteed purity, by a capable staff of experienced dlsponsers. All the latest puarmacentical preparations kept in stock. Prices will be found as low as U conHistent with the supply of Orst-claas drag. M. Z. DONNELL, Apothecary and Chemist. DEUTCHE APOTHEKE. The Oro Fine Wine Eooms AD. KELLER. MANAGER. Best Grade California Winrs and "fais Id lhe City -A COMPLETE LINK OF- IMPORTED and DOMESTIC .LIQUORS and CICPS IVo. 90 Second door from The corner of Court Street . . , THE DALLES, OREGON THE COLIMA DISASTER. Insurgent Leader Surrenders. Havana, Juno 6. A dispatch from Manzanillo, province of Santiago Cuba, announces the surrender Spanish authorities there of the well known insurgent leader, Fonesca San tistebar Uuevarra. The insurgents, commanded by iviasso, nave Durnea me village Guisa. Captain Torres was captured by the insurgenie ana Bnot. Business Houses Burned. Lafayette, Or., Jue 6. A de structive fire visited Lafayette this morning, and J. L. Vickrey's general merchandise store, Henry B. Irving'e tin shop and groceries, Githel's two buildings and Dr. Michaux's office were all burned to the ground. A part of Vickrey's stock was saved, but nothing was saved in the buildine-a. Prompt work saved the buildings on me opposite Biae oi tne street. The Prince Will Come. New Yohk, June 6. A special to morning paper from Newport says the Prince of Wales will visit Newport the last of August as the guest ot Mr. and jvirs. ue-aen uoeiet. The iioelet villa is now being decorated, and it is said a suite w.ill be especially furnished for the prince. The prince has not viaitml this country for 35 years. It is said he will come only on the assurance of Mr. Uoelet that no fuss shall be made over nis presence, and that he be per- uroea to appear at u American cup rsaos uuu tuuut ixowDorx Btrictlv in cognito. Three To Hans; Today. San Francisco, June 6. In tho state prison at San Quentin three mur derers will be hanged tomorrow. The conaemmea men are fatriok Collins, who stabbed hia wife 28 times beaauaA she would not continue to relinquish her earnings for the maintenance of the husband's debauch; Anthony Axoff, who shot Detective Len Harris, of the Soutern Pacific, to avoid capture for robbing the railway station at Boulder Creek, and Amelio Garcia, a Mexican who slew James Guiltimot, an aged resident of San Bernardino because the victim would not give his money to Garcia and two companions. t Arrival at Acapnlco of the Barraeoata With Several Survivors. Mazatlan, June 5. A telegram re ceived from Acapulco states tbat the' Barracouta has arrived there with Chiloerg, of Seattle, who was seen by Officer Hansen immediately after the disaster on one of the life rafts with six other men, having two oars. The Barracouta has also Johnston, Gonzales, Peters and Crow. These iour win proceed to aan urancisco on the Colon. There is no news of the arrival at Manzanillo of the survivors found by the steamer Maxatlan. These are sup posed to have been those seen in the boat with the first . officer and four others, and they will probably ar rive at Manzanillo soon. There is no news of the purser who was seen in the water when the chief officer tried to pick him up. A telegram direct from Coahuava says that no women were saved and no bodies are cominer ashore. "The sur vivors from the second life raft are J. J. Noonan, Jose Pegueros, A. S. Marin and two others. TROUBLE IN TURKEY. Outbreak Against Christians is Consid ered Inevitable. London, June 5 There was much exeitement in London about the fore eign office yesterday on the reueipt of official dispatches confirming the di patches from Constantinople announ cing that the Turkish government had refused to agree to the reforms in Ar menia which were demanded by the representatives of Great Britain, France, and Russia. All the foreign office officials, including the secretary of state for foreign affairs, the Earl of Kimberley, were at their posts last night, and assembled again at the for eign office today. There is a strong belief in well-informed circles that the reply of the porte was purposely drafted in uniavorable terms in order to gain time. The sultan is invisible during the bairam, one of the two great Mo- namnieuan festivals of the vear. which is now being observed. Consequently me powers, n is asserted Here, will now address a stronger note to the porte, and in addition will back this up by a naval demonstration. Closing Out SALE Of Dry Goods, Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Hats and Caps, At Less Than Cost BED ROCK PRICECS, as Goods Will Be Sold Regardless of Cost Call and Get Prices and Be Convinced. No Trouble to Show Goods. .' J. P. MCIN6RNY. John Long; Wounded. COHVALLIS. " Or.. Juue 6. Max Friendly, a well-known business man of this place and a former proprietor oi jne D rienoiy mills, oi uorvallis. shot and dangerously wounded John ioug, one oi the present proprietors oi tne mm, mis morning aoout W.M, and immediately attempted suicide bv lumping in the river, but was rescued by two mill hands. Long was shot through the face, and, while the phvsl cians pronounce the wound not neces' sarily fatal, his other ailments, includ ing a broken arm, make his recovery somewnat aouotiui. On the Cpper Columbia. H. W. Nash and D. C. Chllds arrived at Revelstoke the other day, having Bcartea rrom uroiaen ana ioiiowea the Columbia all the war around. They are practical miners" and prospected every creek on the river, stopping a fortnight on a beach nearly opposite Downie creek. Coming through the canyon iney naa a perilous time. Their boat was a small flat-bottomed affair, and was easily overturned. Nash swam ashore, -whilst Childs suc ceeded in getting onto the bottom of the upturned boat - with hia door. Reaching the big .eddy the boat made three circuits around it, but Childs, having no oar.could not make the land until he used his coat for a sail. Nash, being on the west side of the river. crossed Jordan creek by making a raft of some logs, which he tied together with bis suspenders. " Closing Out CHILDREN'S sum 75 -AT- BLUE FRONT, 20 Per Cent Less Than Coit ROBERT E. WILLIAMS' OPPOSITE DIAMOND MILLS. i. French's Block, 171 Second Street, THE DALLES, OREGON. PABST CGL6BRHT6D BEER Fine Wines, Liquors, and Cigars. DOMESTIC and KEY WEST CIGARS. RUPERT St CHBEL Wholesal and retail manufacturers of and dealers in Harness, Saddles, Bridles, Collars, Tents, and Wagon Covers. And All Artlolea leapt tn Firt Claa Hameais Shop. REPAIRING PROMPTLY DONE. Opposite Moody's Warehouse THE DALLES. OREGON.