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Wtms-MtmMmtx. SATURDAY. ....JUNE 22, 1895 OBEGOy PIONEERS. Yesterday was Pioneer day, and quite a number of those who crossed the plains and first settled in this far away portion of the country congre gated in Portland to celebrate the growth of the empire which they founded. At every annual meeting the number of pioneers become less; but as the ranks are thinned those remaining are held in greater esteem by the people who came later and enjoy the results of the work done by the first home-builders. Oregon did not present many at tractions to emigrants in the forties or fifties, and the journey to this far-off western country was only undertaken by the hardier and more determined class of citizens. Little was known of what is now. termed -the northeast in those yeara, and the resolute adven turers expected to immolate them' seivea in a wiiaernees for long years. Lewis and Clark had made the journey down the Columbia in 1804, and Irving in "Astoria" and "Captain Bonneville" had pictured very little that would induce settlement in this region. Then the dispute between Great Britain and this country regard ing the status of the people was not at all inviting to the home-builder. Oro- gon was not considered of much im portance to the United States, and if it had not been for the perilous ride of ' Dr. Whitman across the continent perhaps the British flag would now be floating over our lovely state. But the hardships to be endured and the determined class . who were willing to encounter them, "made the survival of. the fittest" peculiarly adapted to those who felled our forests and laid the foundations for future , progress. Unlike the gold-seekers of . California they came here to reside permanently, and to impel the growth of the country. Men of pluck and en- ergy, tney nave left their impress . upon the state. They builded wisely and strongly, and they can now view their work with lasting satisfaction at what has been accomplished. The elements of characters they have im bibed in their conflicts with nature in its wildest aspect have been those which make men courageous and self- reliant. This development has made them citizent of sterling integrity, fit pillars upon which the superstructure of free institutions may rest. If Ore gon has not forged ahead with the same rapid strides of other portions of the Union her growth has been sub stantial and lasting, and no fear need be entertained that there will be any retrograde movement. She will retain what -she has acquired, and there is strength and solidity in the advance ment made. Those who have come, in later years cannot fully appreciate the de privations suffered during the first period of settlement. Now railroad and telegraph lines bring us in quick communication with the outside world; in former days roads were hewn out of almost impenetarble forests, and a tiresome journey of long months were necessary to bring the settlers in touch with the east. We who are reaping the results of arduous labors should pay the highest honor to those who undertook and accomplished the task, and should never tire of hear ing the -story of hAw Oregon was first redeemed from savage domain to the abode of civilization. Time has taken many to the silent shores, and those who remain are nearing the . evening . of life. ; In a few years those who came in the fifties will have been numbered with the silent majority, and years will lengthen the br'dge between the past and present; but their memory should be kept green, and the builders of this empire in the northwest now known as one of the . fairest states in the galaxy of the . union should be entitled to the last ing gratitude of all coming genera tions. FBEE SILVER 10 KOBE D. No convention of Republisans has declared in favor of free silver, and only a few months will elapse before the presidential campaign of 1896 will be inaugurated. This has not been because those supporting unlimited coinage has lacked energy to make their doctrines known, for in every gathering city, county, state or na tional they have clamored for recog nition. At the meeeting of Oregon clubs they worked very arduously to pass a free ail rer resolution; but were defeated when the votes were counted. anxiously to the League convention now being held in Cleveland, and have used every ' possible means to capture the assembly; but so far they have been ignored, and it is almost certain that whatever public ex pression is made as the views of the members it will be in support of the . present staple currency. From these facts' it is very evident the Republican party will enter the . next presidential campaign as a supporter of tne only bimetallism that has ever proved successful, and that is by gold. silver and paper circulating at par for their face value. - The friends of the white metal are not meeting with any better success in the Democratic party, and they have found little sympathy among any of the prominent leaders of the organiza tion. Secretary Carlisle has delivered powerful speeches against free silver in Kentucky, and the voice of the - press has been raised against it in other southern states. The geographical limits where the area few mining states in the west that have no other resources than the ' product of their mines, and it is un reasonable to expect the government to debase the currency and ruin the business of ihe nation to give an in flated and fictitious value to silver. This wandering waif must return to the Populist camp, where it was con ceived and brought into existence. It is an uncanny youngster at best, and Republican and Democratic leaders do not wish to hazard their reputation by standing sponsors for its good be- havior in the future. The place of its birth is where it should live and die, and this is the proper : resort for all - those who have attempted to" act. godfathers and ' godmothers for . the Populistic infant. WHAT MAT HAPPEN. The ceremonies attending the in auguration of the great German ship canal, beginning at Kiel and being a highway of commerce for a large por tion of the empire are now occupying the attention of Europe. It is a great commercial project finished, and as such will be a large factor of btisines ' But this meeting has another import ant feature. It is a monarchical tea party,in which the guests are carefully watched, and every expression noted. Russia and France are considered firm friends, and jealous eyes will carefully watch every movement of the repre sentatives of these two great powers. If the Russian emperor frowns upon the French minister some thing is expected to happen, and Germany is carefully watching every smile or change of countenance. The commercial importance of the canal will revolutionize trade; but the gathering of emperors and other powerful personages, in whose hands are the destinies of Europe, may result in subverting the peace that now reigns. Upon a single frown or word may hang the destinies of count less thousands, and this is the reason that this tea party, or more properly champagne club, is such an important event. The British representative may be snubbed and parliament would immediately resent the insult. If France, in the person of her delegate, is not accorded the same consideration as the autocrat of the north, there is a volcano let loose in that mercurial nation, and the French blood has been . very much heated since Sedan and anxiousto have the least pretext which it can magnify into an insult. William, the young emperor of Germany, is a hot-headed fellow, and frequently ' becomes enthusiastic when talking of affairs of the empire. If he imagines it is nec essary to uphold the transitory glory of faderland to make some ill-advised spaech, he will do it, and, when over come by champagne, is liable to lose all discretion. He has made some wild remarks heretofore, and may be expected to do so again. If he were simply an ordinary individual what he said on the occasion of this celebra tion would amount to little or nothing; but ruling by the grace of God, and be ing only accountable to Deity for his actions, he becomes the epitome of German patriotism. Then the czar of Russia occupies the same exalted posi tion, and at the bend of his brow the armies of his great empire will move onward to victory or defeat. Again, the formalities of etiquette are very strict, and must be carefully observed.. Men must be machine like, and in their language and actions must not deviate the least from established grooves. The least friction that oc curs involves the fate of millions, and Europe on this account has dreaded for some time the great gathering of nations at Kiel. On this side of the ocean we cannot appreciate this feeling, and do not understand the reason that the young emperor of Germany, who is as much English as German, and the czar of Russia," who is more German and Dane than Slav, should control the destinies of millions of people who are to the manner born, and who can reckon an unbroken descent for count less ages. The only way to account for this is that monarcy is illogical, and, instead of the rights of kings being derived from a beneficent God they are unquestionably the result of the machinations of Satan. ' There is no other conclusion to be derived from a careful survey of monarchical snob bery than that the sovereign power should reside and remain in the people. With this -conclusion, the American people can watch the hob-nobbing of potentates at Kiel with little concern, and are more interested in the ) vital issues that are now being discussed than in the smiles or frowns of the young man at Kiel when in his cups. A TERMINAL POINT. The Dalles is receiving .the advan tages of terminal rates on wool, and this will offer facilities to shippers not possessed by any other point east of the Cascades. This is on account of the D. P. & N. Co. affording cheap- water transportation to seaboard, and when the locks are completed there will be no cheaper shipping point on the north Pacific coast. The trans continental lines are looking in this direction, and the Southern Pacific al ready nave Tne Dalles printed on their bills as a terminal point. Other railroads will not allow this one to be benefitted alone by cheap water trans portation, and it is expected that the Northern Pacific and O. R. & N. Co. will not be far behind. Not only is this beneficial to sheepmen, but also to the farmers, for every cent saved on freight rates is so much added to the price of produce. The Begulator and Dalles City have solved the freight problem to the benefit of the entire country, and have demonstrated the fact that water carriage is the only available means of keeping the cost of transportation to the min inum. No country can fully develop its resources until the producers are enabled by cheap rates to compete in the markets o the world. Eastern Oaegon has been handicapped for a long time by the heavy rates to seaboard. The price of grain had to be at a high figure to enable farmers to pay for planting and harvesting, and thousands of acres were unculti vated because the returns, after paying expenses, did not furnish ordinary wages to the settler. This is no longer a fact, for since the D. P. & A. N. Co, has been in existence wheat can be delivered at the wharves in Portland almost as cheaply from The Dalles and vicinity as from the valley towns. But there are still three handlings of goods necessary, which increases the cost of carriage materially; but when the locks are completed bulk will not be broken until boats arrive at their destination. In less than a year the Columbia will be free of obstructions from this point to tidewater, and the people can then rejoice that the waters of this great artery of commerce, will carry their produce, in unbroken bulk, to tidewater. The Cuban insurgents are constantly appearing at new parts of the revolu tionary island, says the New York Sun. We have heard of them at many places between Guantanamp and Holguin. We have latterly heard of them as far to the westward as the province of Puerto Principe, half way to Havana. We have reason for saying that be tween 8,000 and 10,000 of them are in the field. The Spanish reports tell of nothing but royal successes always and everywhere; yet the liberators are on the advance, and have lost neither heart nor hope. They seem to be stronger, both in numbers and re sources, than they have been at any other time within the past three months, during every week of which Gen. Martinez Campos has been call ing upon the Madrid government to send him more troops, to forward other regiments of infantry and cavalry, though his army is already five times greater than the insurrectionary forces. The African, Philippine, and Spanish laurels of the foremost soldier of Spain are fading in Cuba. ." THE REP UBL IV A X LEAG UE. The National Republican League convention will meet in Cleveland to morrow, and this being the year beftH-e a presidential election considerable importance will attach to the session. It is not expected that the Republi cans at Cleveland will draft any reso lutions that will shape the national platform, although they may influence it in 1896; but after there ' has been such a full discussion of the silver and other questions in the papers of the country it will be interesting to note the trend of public opinion on these most prominent issues inside the party lines. Four years igo it was well known that the Republican party was une quivocally pledged to the doctrine of protection, and the history of the Democratic administration has empha sized the importance of the principles of that economic policy. The country will expect some expression from the convention on this subject, and the members cannot evade their duty. It cannot be expected that the same tar iff bill in operation during President Harrison's administration would an swer all purposes now, as the condi tions of the people have materially changed; but- it may be stated as a fact that protection for some of the arti cles which Mr. Wilson placed on the free list is very much needed at the present time. Protection follows the lines of progression, and is as variable as the wants of the people, or change able to suit the growth of industries. On the monetary system the party has pursued a well deBned policy for over a quarter of a century, and never, in a single instance, has it resulted disastrously to the best interests of the nation. The' craze for free silver which has spread over the country for the past few years is not based on any defect with the currency; but is simply the result of the depression which has been universally felt since the change in the economic policy, Men have been rendered desparate by financiul stringency, decline in busi ness and depreciation in values, inci dent upon the Democratic attempt to inaugurate freetrade, and in their des peration they grasp at any scheme that Dromises relief, however flimsy the foundation for it may be. When paper, silver and gold are on par, ar.e inter changeable with each other, and pass for their face value in the market, there cannot possibly be any defect to be remedied. There will undoubtedly be an effort to influence the convention to give-expressions to views favoring unlimited coinage; but this should not be heeded, for the party is as firmly grounded in the principle of sound and safe money as it is in protection. If it should fall under the control of the silverites, and give expression to the views entertained by them, it will stultify the traditions of the party. But there need be no apprehension that this will happen, as the conven tion will be under control of wise and conservative Republicans, who will permit nothing that will jeopardize the reputation of the party in entering the contest next year. A national meeting of Republican clubs will be watched with interest at this time, as the views expressed on the subjects mentioned may influence the standing of the party on the eve of a presidential campaign, and for this reason the Cleveland convention tomorrow will be of unusual interest to the people of this nation. The members cannot consider too carefully their action, and their deliberations should be weighted not only with their reference to the present, but the effect they may have on Republican success hereafter. THE EVENING OF LIFE. . ' The Napoleon mania in this country has subsided, and the Little Corsican can never occupy a page in history as an exemplary character. He was a great general, and in the management of armies is the only light in which the effulgence of his genius could ever be discerned. Ambition, and a purely selfish one, was his' guiding star, and when he was defeated atv Waterloo democracy made a rapid stride. This is an iconoclastic age, and it is a wrong epoch to construct heroes out of filthy mud. Caesar and Cromwell were statesmen as well as generals, and acted in a manner in which they considered would better the condition of their country; but Napoleon bent his great powers of intellect to elevate nimseii and ms tamiiy. witn a thoughtful, democratic people it will be impossible to elevate him to a higher niche in the temple of fame than where history has placed him, and a critical survey of the past, with the fairness that now distinguishes the puDiisnea opinions on men and na tions, can picture Napoleon in no other light than an ambitious tyrant, whose sole ambition was to build last ing fame upon the wreck and ruin of every obstacle that stood in his way. INGALLS' CONFESSION. The confession of ex-Senator John J. Ingalls, of Kansas, that he was bit terly disappointed over his defeat for re-election four years ago, but that he had his struggle alone until he could free himself from all resentment, is one that can be read with profit, by all politicians and public men. Mr. Ingalls says that he knew he would be defeated by the tide of public senti ment against his party before election, but he made the fight, and when the returns came in so overwhelmingly against him he had his bitterest hour. It was the end of his long public service. It was his tragic hour, and of it he says: "I went over to my pasture and walked through the withered wood. There in a little grassy glade, sheltered from the autumnal breeze, the sun shining coldly down, I opened the window of my spirit and let that whole thing in oh me and ' commanded my fortitude. I sat there in that little dell until the struggle was over, until I was master of myself, until I could talk of it with the same composure as of Napoleon's Waterloo. I never had a pang after that. Even when the gavel sounded the adjournment of the senate at noon, March 4, 1891, and made me a private citizen, the pages bidding me good-by, the' struggle of that autumn day in the wood did not return. When I left the senate chambers, which I have not visited since, I had no resentment. If I lose this time I shall accept the result as I did then." To those who do not appreciate the disappointment that comes with polit ical defeat, this confession of Senator Ingalls may seem overdrawn, says the Inter Ocean. But when it is remem bered that for eighteen years he was thejidol of his state, and one ofj the recognized great leaders of the domi nant party in this country, and that his defeat let him fall from greatness to private life, it was a change to drive t ie iron dtep into a man's soul. Men as groat as Ingalls have- had as great a fall, but few of them have taken it as iilosophically. Such disappoint ments have made many men lose faith in the principles they had fought for, changed their politics or made them mugwamps, to doubt and criticise all who were in political life. But Ingalls, the satirist of the United States senate, became the philosopher in his hour of trial, and ho realized that this change was one justified in a government where majorities rule. When his party fell he fell with it. But he never lost faith iu his party and never stopped fighting for its prin ciples. He went straight ahead as a private citizen again, doing service in the ranks, and again he is ready to take his chances for leadership. If more public men would realize, as he did, that no man has a mortgage upon public place, and has no cause for re sentment against any man or set of men when he is defeated for office, we should have fewer soreheads going about complaining of the treachery of politicians and the ingratitude of re publics. EDITOBIAL NOTES. The Manitoba school question is still unsettled.the province refusing to establish Catholic schools as a branch of the public system. Senator Stewart says the purchasing power of money must be stopped. Gold or silver is of little account with out this artificial quality. Gen. Coxey is publishing a paper to right his wrongs. After he has con tinued in the ousiness for a few years he may learn to "keep off the grass." A telephone line to the interior would be the means of attracting trade to this city, and the enterprise should receive substantial encouragement from our city. The voice of the south, as expressed in the papers of that region, is opposed to free silver, and the few silver-producing states in the west are the only ones that favor the white to the ex clusion of the yellow metal. Great Britain appears willing to ar bitrate all disputed questions with Venezuela. The boundary line she is willing should be settled by a court of arbitration; but not rights which have been determined for long years. The rain in Kansas is good fof the crops, but hard on Hon. Jerry Simpson, who was canvassing the state in a prairie schooner. The Telegraph re ports, "He has had to abandon his scheme on account of rain." Jerry wears sock now, and cannot wade as he used to. Elijah Smith has been appointed president of the Oregon Improvement Co. It would have been more suitable to Oregon ians if the state had been represented at the head of the man agement, but it is hoped Mr. Smith will carefully consider the best in terests of the northwest in his control of affairs. Turkey doesn't mind being theoreti cally "roasted" on paper. Nothing but solid shot well aimed will bring "the unspeakable Turk" to his reason. He has played with the great nations before and gone right on committing his barbarities. There will, however, come a time when he will quit, and the human world will answer in chorus, "Amen." That time ought to be now. President Cleveland has declined the honor of the degree of LL. D. con ferred upon him by the university at Wilberforoe. Ohio, an institution devoted to the education of colored men, because he was not college bred. But he has refused the same degree from other institutions, and therefore no political capital can be made out' of the act. The fourth will be celebrated in this city in approved style, and visitors to the city will be edified by everything possible to make the day commemora tive of the anniversary of the national birth. Americans should never forget that the liberty they enjoy cost pa triots many sacrifices, and the story of the Revolution should never become a monotonous and tiresome tale. j The United States has made a de mand on Spain for $1,500,000, to satisfy the Mora claim for damages. Mr. Mora is an American citizen, and dur ing an insurrection in Cuba hip prop erty was confiscated, and this has caused the demand to be made on the foreign government. Now. if Spain will pay down the amount in a reason able time trouble may be averted; but if she does not some of our lately con structed war shins may make a cruise around the coasts of that country. The meeting at Kiel is proving to be a very pleasant and agreeable affair. Emperor William has acted with dis cretion, and his beaming countenance has sent joy, like a streak of heavenly sunshine, into the beclouded hearts of thousands. Tne great commoner, vv. E. " Gladstono, who has spent the best years of his life in fighting the people's battles in parliament, is present, and is very complacent with gilt-edged royalty. So far the meeting has proved a genuine love-feast, and may be pre monitory of peace in Europe for some time to come. Turkey has made another reply to the note from the powers demanding reforms in Armenia, and it is very evi dent that if the European countries desire protection for Christians in the ottoman empire they muBt place more dependence upon war ships and mod ern ammunition and less upon diplo macy and official correspondence be tween state ministers. Patience has ceased to be a virtue in regard to the Moslem treatment of Christians, and a stern and lasting lesson should be tausrht the Turk in the amenities of modern civilization College commencements are in or der this week, and many young men and women will feel exceedingly proud with their diplomas, neatly tied with beautifully colored ribbons, in their bands: but, while this gives them fair start in the battle of life, it is not always Indicative of success. Many bovs and srirls who were forced to work hard during the day and study at night have arisen to eminence in every profession. The elements of success cannot be learned from books, and fre quently theorists are left behind in it e race, while those possessing perse verance, pluck and experience win the coveted prize, Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe was 84 years old yesterday, and on that oc casion received the congratulations of many friends in this country and Eng- lang. As author of Uncle Tom's cabin her fame will last through all time, and the pathetic story of slave life in the United States will always be read with sympathetic feeling. If she had been content with this one book per haps there would nave been as many or more admirera oi ner gemous man there are now; but when she atr tempted to expose to public view the skeleton in the household of Lord By ron she caused a shadow to settle on her reputation, which lor long years was not effaced. Tnis exposure oi tne dark side oi tne me oi one oi Eng land's greatest poets, did no good to the living, and was considered such a questionable act towards the dead as merited severe censure. Descended from a long line of literary ancestors her genius may be termed hereditary, and her pen has been very prolific in adding to the literature of this coun try, i or some time sue nas not con tributed to periodicals; but her works have been extensively read, and many will congratulate her that the years have been measured out to her so lib erally. , - 98000 Wanted. To borrow on good property on Mill creek. Apply at this office, TELEGRAPHIC. A VERY HELICATE SITCATXOX The Ceremonies it Kiel May I'psct Euro pean Peace. Paris, Juno 18. Kiel was the reason for the speech delivered by M. Hano taux, French minister -of foreign affairs, and it was also the reason for the conferring by the czar of the de coration of the order of St. Andrew upon President Fauro two facts of capital importance. But other demonstrations of a similar sort are expected this week. It is probably that the Russian and French fleots will start for and depart from Kiel concurrently, and will also afterwards proceed together to Cop enhagen. These two movements of the fleets will-, be one demonstration, but a counter' demonstration by the Ger man emporer is probable. Reports received by diplomats say Emperor William will make a speech, expressing his pleasure at seeing all the nations of Europe, his guests, and especially two such friends as France and Russia, who have all his sympathy, and whose friend he himself wishes to be. This speech will be the culmination of the festivities, and it is dreaded by everyone. "The kaiser, at the present moment, is very inimical to England," said a diplomat in speakiiftr of the matter, "and French statesmen have very much blundered since 1870. They ought to have been able to turn public opinion of Franch against England, for England is France's sole enemy." In diplomatic circles it is hoped everything will pass off happily at Kiel, Stringent orders have been given to all admirals with the object of pre venting any departure from the offi cially prescribed order of ceremonies. HEROIC DEFENSE MADE. Alta Gracia Attacked KUled. and a Number Havana, June 18. Maximo Gomez has attacked Alta Gracia, burned the railroad station and many other houses. The garrison, consisting of 25 soldiers, made a heroic defense, losing five killed, and having seven wounded. The sergeant who was in command of the detatchment has been promoted to the rank of lieutenant for bravery. Owing to unexpected events, Captain-General Martinez de Campos has reconsidered his decision, and proclaimed the province of Puerta Principe under martial law. Colonel Canellcas has had several engagements with the insurgents at Phillipinas, Ueltas, Costas Passo and Songo'dos Bocas, routing the insurg ents, who had several killed. Among the dead wa3 Colonel Evers Tolego. The Spanish commander also captured a quantity of arms and ammunition. The troups had 1 killed and 12 wound ed. During the nights of June 15 and 16 the outposts of the Spanish troops at Puerta Principe were fired upon by the insurgents. One soldier was killed and one injured. A HEAVY DEFALCATION. Several Hundred Thousand Dollars Mis appropriated. Denver, Col., June 18 President H. J. Aldrich, of the Colorado Securities Company, who disappeared five weeks ago, is believed to be sojourning in Mexico. It is claimed that his hasty departure was due to the fact that eastern creditors where pressing him closely. The operation of the com pany embraced loans aggregating $1,500,000 to $2,000,000. It is said that Mr. Aldrich, as trustee, did not account for hundreds of thousands of dollars. It is not believed that Aid rich appropriated a single dollar to his own use, but in order to protect the company from embarrassment occa sioned bv falling values he guaranteed both principal and interest on all loans, and applied the money wrong fully to meet the obligations. In consequence of his transaction, it is said, that several hundred Colorado farmers will lose their land and many eastern people tneir investments. A vast amount of litigation will be re quired to straighten out the muddled affair of the company, of which T. G, Patterson is receiver. The Reply Created Surprise. Washington, June 18. Sir Edward Grey's statement in parliament yes terday that Ambsssador Bayard had been informed that Great Britain would consent to the arbitration of the Venezuelan question, under cer tain conditions, creates some surprise among officials here, as Sir Edward's statement is calculated to show that Great Britain has accepted the sugges tion of the United States, whereas it has been declined. The desire of Ven ezuela is to arbitrate the entire bound ary question, and the request of Mr. Bayard in behalf of the United States, was in this iMrection. But the answer of Great Britain, as given in the dis patches at the time, was that no arbi tration was admissable, as regards certain territory which she asserts is indefensibly hers, though she offered to arbitrate concerning certain terri tory to which apparently she regarded her title as less clear. The practical effect of this was to reject the only proposition the United States had pre sented. A similar answer was given by Great Britain to Venezuela five years ago, but was rejected as an indi rect refusal to arbitrate. TURKEY EQUIVOCATES. Relative to the Outlining for Armenia. of Reforms CONSTANTINOPLE, June 18. The Turkish government has made a fresh reply to the note of the powers outlin ing reforms insisted upon for Armenia. The porte accepts the principle of the proposed reforms, but requests several points to be discussed before any action is taken. The Turkish government expresses the hope that the sultan's sovereign right may not be prejudiced. The impression which prevails here is that this last reply is tantamount to refusal, and it is feared that the powers will adopt more urgent measures to enforce their demands. The British Medeterranean squadron, which ar rived at Bey rout June 1, has sailed for Tripoli. Keiniorcements of Russian troops have been sent to the Turkish frontier in the vicinity of Armenia in order to prevent the passage of marauders and supplies, of arms and ammunition. STEWART AGAIN HEARD FROM. The Senator Still Talking in His Usual Silvery Vein. Topeka, Kan., June 18. In his telegram regreting his inability to attend today s suver conierence, sen ator W. M. Stewart says: "Am enlisted in the Kentucky silver fight; cannot be with you. Re storation of silver is the only hope to stop falling prices and destruction of American homes. No other issue of importance is compared with the neces sity 01 oreaKing e guiu corner, une more gold president will down the Americans to servitute, perhaps for all t.imft. Four-hitns or tne American neople are opposed to any kind of money, lae pui wiaomg wwsr or which erows in a safe. "The fiTOwiner purchasing power of money must be stopped. We can do it nrith Hilrer. ana with nothing? else. The goveroment is in the hands of the enemy, vxivo u uu mure uutu tne people acquire control. .Let Kansas leadand enongh will follow to restore the government to tne people." Disturbed Colombia. RnnnTA. Colombia. June 18. .Three thousand Boldiers have been sent to the department of Cauca in the last four days. They are under ueneral Raves, who defeated the rebels before, it is asserieu tucio oio oyer 1WU rebels there, and that they are well equipped. A report is current that rebels are marching toward this city. Many persons have been arrested on charges of being in a conspiracy to capture President Caro and carry him inaida the rebel lines as a hostaee. Great alarm is felt Offedlng Vessels Released. orriwA. Ontario. June 18. In structions have been issued from the. marine department oraenng me re lease of the tugs and scows seized on the Niagara river while dumping dredgings. in Canadian waters. All the expenses incurred, however, must be paid before the vessels are released. This means a fine of a couple hundred dollars against the owners, in addition to. the penalties exacted from the men arrested in connection with the affair. Oreat Mining Salt. Denver, June 19. A suit was Insti tuted today in the United States cir cuit court, by Thomas D. Kelley, of Galena, 111., for a sixth interest in the Little Johnny mine at Leadville, said to be worth 850,000,000. The plaintiff's 6on, T. J. Kelley, was one of the origi nal patentees of the Little Johnny. He died at Leadville in 1886. It is claimed that his heirs were induced by fraudulent representations to sell his interest for $1000. Oregon Postmasters' Salaries Washington, June 19. In the read justment of the salaries of presidential postmasters, the following changes have been made in Oregon: Increased Baker City .1700 to $1800; Heppner, $1100 to $1200; McMinnville, $1400 to $1609; Oregon City, $1600 to $1700; Pendleton, $1900 to $2000; Union, $1100 to $1300. Decreased The Dalles, $1300 to $1000; Forest Grove, $1200 to SHOO; In dependence, SHOO to 81000. He Now Is a Convict. New York, Juue 19. Police In spector McLaughliD has been sen tenced to two years and six months imprisonment in Sing Sing. One week was allowed him to settle up his unburn. The police commissioners last night rexnstatea jucuaugniin to 1118 rank in the police force, from which the board dismissed him upon the finding of the jury that he was guilty of extortion in mat oiuce. CELEBRATION AT KIEL. A Murky Morning Dispelled by Radiant Sunshine. . Kiel, June 19. There was a heavy downfall of rain all this morning, and for a time it seemed likely to jeopardize the success of the fetes attending the opening of the Baltic canal. Happily the clouds cleared away and a brilliant sunshine accompanied by a pleasant breeze followed. As a result the streets were alive with people, and everywhere the greatest animation prevailed. Many streets were deco rated with triumphal arches, and with greeting to the emperor, the whole city presents a strikingly effective ap pearance. Flags of all nations were hoisted along the Alster at noon and sentries, at the doors of the principal noieis, to sruard tne imperial cuests. Naturally the chief center of attraction was the seaport, where the display of warships attracted many thousand spectators. Those of the Uuited States, Great Britain, Italy and Austria, were especially admired. At 8 A. M. the war vessels of 14 nations were repre sented and hoisted their flags to strains oi antnems oi tneir respective coun tries. Official in troduction s of foreign admirals and commanders to the port captain and military commandant of Kiel, occurred on the Mars and con cluded with an official interchange of visits. TheJtfdrs hoisted the flag of Admiral Knorr, who subsequently, ac companiod by his commanders, visited the foreign squadoons, and many of ficers of various nations started for Hamburg to meet the emperor. THE CORBETT FITZ FIGHT Active Preparations for the Event now Afoot. Dallas. June 19. Dan Stewart, who has returned from New York, says everything has been arranged for tne corDetw ltzstmmons ngnt. Ditz simmons has put up the last install ment of his money. It is possible he will train at Galveston a portion of the time, a few weeks before the battle, to come' to Dallas. Corbett will train at Asbury Park up to about the 10th of October, and then como to Terrell, 40 miles east of Dallas. As to the amphitheater, Stewart said it would be located within TOO yards of the west or main gate of the fair grounds; that it would be octag onal in shape, 300 or 400 feet, and would have eight gates and a seating capacity of 40,000. He will reserve 500 of the seats for reporters of American and British papers, and such repesentatives of the press of Europe as had proper creden tials from their papers. The general admission," he said, "will be $10, the reserved seats $20, boxes with five chairs $200." BIG FIRE AT SEATTLE Property of the Consolidated Street Rail- way Burning. Seattle, June 20. The power-house of Seattle Consolidated Street Rail way Company, operating the Second street, North Seattle, Green Lake, Third-street, Lake Union and South Seattle electric car line, was destroyed oy nre early this (Thursday) morning, with all its valuable contents. The buildings, which was of brick, occupied half a block on Pine street between Fifth and Sixth. The fire burst from the whole south side of the building and the entite building wm in flames beiore an alarm was turned in. There were 25 cars in the building, oesiues mucn valuable macninery comprising one of the largest electric plants in the Pacific northwest. The loss is estimated at $200,000. INDEPENDENCE OF CUBA Its Prospects, it is Alleged, Never Were so Good. . New York, . June 19. General Rafeal Quezaca, just from Florida and New Orleans, says that prospects for free Cuba were never so bright. De spite the proclamation of President Cleveland, sympathizers will continue to receive arms and enlist men, and try to find means of getting them out of the country, shipping them first probably to Mexico. Female Highway Bobber. San Jose. Cal., June 19. Nora Belderain is in prison in this city charged with highway robbery. The woman hired a horse and buggy from Louis Pfau in this city and drove to Los Gatos, where she picked up two young men. They started for Santa Cruz, and when about six miles on the road a farmer by the "ame of Hanger appeared on the road. As soon as Miss Belderain saw him she jumped out of the buggy, and whipped out a revolver, commanded mm to tnrow up his hands, which Hanger did. she then -went through his pockets and securad cents, all the young fellow had. 40 . Bonce In Command. Washington, June 19. Commo dore Bunce bas been appointed to the command 01 tne JNortn Atlantic squad' ron, to succeed Admiral xaeaae. Commodore Bunce bad an interview today with Admiral Ramsey as to when he should assume command, and also as to what vessel should be his fiasr- s tup. Commodore Bunce will have the relative rank and pay of rear-admiral while in command of the squad ron, ana ms nasr will be tnat of an admiral. It is possible he mav not as sume command until the return of the New York and Columbia from Kiel, and tne lormer vessel may tnen be made his nas-shiD.. It has been bu?s'"'W1 that the Minneapolis, now at the Nor folk navyyard navmsr ner cabins al tered 'for a flagship, may be assigned to tne new commander. Gtadestone's Withdrawal. LONtJOif i June i9. The sensation of the day in political circles here is the announcement oi tne l imes tnls morn insr that Mr. Gladstone had withdrawn from his pairing agreement with the Right Hon. Charles Villiers, member of parliament for the first division of Wolverhampton, 'ine Liberals are greatly alarmed at this action on the part of Mr. Gladstone, and the Unio 1 lsts are correspondingly jubilant. It is learned here upon good authority that Gladstone's withdrawl la on the Welsh church disestablishment bill only. The Westminister Gazette this afternoon says all the talk about Mr. Gladstone's dissatisfaction with the government 1b nothing more than rubbish, TELEGRAPHIC. Joined the Rebels. Havana, Jane 19. Colonel Enrique Mola, one of the leading men in Puerto Principe, has openly joined the revolutionists. Colonel Mola is a member of one of the best families in the province, and Cubans regard his open accession to the cause as of great importance, saying he will carry with him a large following. He was very active iu the last revolution, and was on the staff of Maximo Gomez, who placed him at the head of the forces in Puerto Principe. He has been em ployed on a sugar plantation since the last war. Arms for the rebels have been suc cessfully landed on the coast near Manzanillo. Fire in Corrallis. Cosvallis, Or. June 19. At 10 o'clock last night fire was discovered in the new residence of W. S. McFad den, on college hill. The building is situated outside of the city limits, and, although an alarm was promptly turned m and responded to, toe lire men, in the absence of water supply, were powerless to nsnt tne flames, The dtvelling had only been completed a f9w days, and was nearly ready for occupancy. At the time of the fire Judge McFadden was in Salem argu ing tne uregon facmc appeal case, and only arrived home today. His loss to the building alone will be $2000, in sured for $1000. BIG FIRE IN SEATTLE. A Loss of Over One Hundred Thousand Dollars. Seattle, Wash., June 20. The Seattle Consolidated Electric Street Railway Company's power plant was consumed by fire this morning at 1:30 o'clock, causing a loss oi Sio.OOU to toe company, with 840,000 insurance, and a loss to the Third-street Electric line of S25,000, lully covered by insurance. The consolidated company lost 27 passenger cars, one wood and one freight car and all. their machinery, office fixtures, dynamos, engines, and nothing but the bare walls of the big oricK structure are standing, and tnese are in a bad condition. Some of the engines and boilers are in a doubtful condition, and that is all that is re maining of the extensive plant. For a while this morning it looked as if the street-car system of the city was badly broken up, but by energetic work cars were moving on all the branches of the city's railway system by. 9 o'clock. The insurance on the consolidated system were distributed as follows: Union Assurance, $2000; Western In surance, $1500: Milwaukee Mechanics', $4000; Royal Exchange, $2500: Trans atlantic, $4000; Phoenix, of Hartford, $7500; London Assurance, $2500; Westchester, $5000; Alliance, $2500; National, $8500. Just how the fire originated is a matter of doubt. Receiver Backus says one of the possible theories is the presence of some incandescet lamps in the storeroom, and the portion of the storeroom over the fire boxes is given as another theory. It may have been incendiary, but no one is inclined to think so. At any rate the fire was the most rapid and destructive that has occurred since the great fire of 1889. The entire fire department was out, but it could do nothing to stop it. In 20 minutes after the alarm was sounded the roof of the powerhouse fell. carrying the burning cars on the first floor into the basement, and isrnitinc all the material and machinery.- The crippled line, by borrowing cars and dynamos, and securing power from half a dozen sources, were enabled to get to moving about half the service, wmcn is ordinarily in use. GERMAN CANAL OPENED. The Usual Amenities Between Germany and France. Hamburg, Juno 20. The demeanor of the French admiral, Menard, and his officers toward Prince- Henry of Russia, was cordial, and left the best impression upon the kalsers's brother and Admiral Knorr, the German naval command er-in-cbief . It is understood that the ioint entry vi iuo r reuvu uuu rvussian squadrons into Kiel harbor was arranged before by telegraph. It has certainly been taken in the light of a demonstration J 1 1. J T- ' i which KusBiaos declare to have been merely a coincidence. The Bismarck ian organs attribute it to French in trigue. The speech to be delivered bv the emperor today has been drawn up by Prince Hohenlohe. It will be in the nature of a solemn consecration of a new era oi peace. it is reported that the authorities of the Kiel arsenal intend to dismiss a number of socialist workmen who fraternized with the sailors of the ixencn neet, though on .private vessels. xne vveser z.euuna publishes an alarmist articles prophesying that the vessels passing through the canal will go aground: that the banks will give way, ana tnat many other Accidents will occur to mar the festivities. ' A TRAIN BOBBER 8HOT. Attacked by a Sheriff but the Outlaw Es capes. Redding, Cal., June 10. Thirty men were searcning ior tne train-roo-ber, Brady, in this vioinity yesterday. a ngnt between juraoy and officers oc- cured, when Urady received two gunshot wounds in his face. The brush near the scene of the battle was thick, and Brady probably was hidinir. Constable Martin says when he started from Cottonwood he expected to locate Brady and then return to Redding for a posse Martin suddenly came upon Brady, who pulled a truri and Martin had to fight or allow Brady to escape. Brady was last seen at Dawson's by a colored man living li miles from the scene oi the shooting. Me walked quite lame. He had two shots in the right side of his face, and his right eye was swollen or gone. He asked for a drink of water and left. He had his shotgun with him. Thrown and Killed. North Yakima, Wash., June 20. Emily Alderson, a 14-year-old girl of wis city, was tnrown irom a norse tnls morning and kicked in the head by the animai. one was iouna dead nfteen minutes after being seen by a rancher, near Cowychee. Her mother was driving a buggy behind her, and came up within an hour after the girl had left her, only to find her daughter's dead body. The blow prostrated her. The girl had asked permission to ride instead oi driving witn ner mother, and the accident occurred as they were en route to this city from a rancn they ownea. xne mnerai win oe tomorrow. Notice. The Columbia Ioe Company will deliver ice to any part of the city. Thankful for past favors, we solicit a continuance of the same, George Williams, Manager. 13 s-ssr mm TOBACCO, THE BEST Closing Out Of Dry Goods, Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Hats and Caps, At Less Than Cost BED ROCK PRICES, as Goods Will Be Sold Regardless of Cost Call and Get Prices and Be Convinced. No Trouble to Show Goods. J. P. MCINGRNY. CLOSING- OUT SALE The Price of LEATHER IS SKY HIGH and Boots and Shoes go accordingly. But: After this date we will sell our entire Stock of BOOTS end SHOES AT COST STONEMAN & FIEGE THE DALLES, OREGON, JUNE 3, 1895. WHAT WE ARE DOING For the Spring and Summer 1895. r We .purchased a very large line of Overshlrta and Underwear, expecting to meet with a better trade than in the past, but finding our stock too large for the season we have marked these goods very low, starting Men's Fine Overshirta at 3SC5 Men's Fine Underwear at 75C per suit. JOHN C. HERTZ. GEORGE RUCH, PIONEER GROCER (Successor to Chrisman U Corson.) " STAPLE Again at the old stand I former patrons. Free delivery DOCTORS' PRESCRIPTIONS of gurmnteed purity, by capable (tuff of experienced dispenser. All too latest pharmaceutical preparations kept In stock. Prices win e found as low as Is consistent wltb the supply of first-class drags. M. Z. DONNELL, Apothecary and Chemist. DEUTCHE APOTHEKE. Telephone No. 15. LJiO.OrYC COLLHTERKL BKNK riJjLs O hnd AUCTION ROOM Opposite Ward, Kerns & Robertson's Lirery ble on Second SL SECOND-HAND FURNITURE BOUGHT I SOLD Money Loaned on Jewelry and Other Valuables. AUCTION EVERY I will anv no l r iifO:ert G)v me a ca l . RUPERT & GHBEL Wholesal and retail manufacturers of and dealers in Harness, Saddles, Tents, and Wagon Covers. And All Axtlclaa lopt In a F"lrs)t Claaa HsirnM Shop. REPAIRING PROMPTLY DONE. THE DALLES GREHT BMRGH1NS IN MILLINERY. Trimmed Hats 75 Cents and Upwards. . MRS PHILLIPS Washington Street MERCHANT TAILORING MR. PAT. FAGAN, At bis establishment on Second street, next door to C. Lauer's Meat Market, is prepared to make Spring and Summer Suits A FULL LINE OF AND FANCY GROCERIES would be pleased to ee all thy to any part of the city. Correctly compounded with the utmost care from drnn SATURDAY From 11 to 2 o'clock. pi w wt' mo 'it s iiv(e ! mnNii i R. B. HOOD. Bridles, Collars, Opposite Moody's V rehouse OREGON.