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The Dalles times-mountaineer. [volume] (The Dalles, Or.) 1882-1904, June 29, 1895, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93051669/1895-06-29/ed-1/seq-2/

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SATURDAY... JUNE 29, 195
- THE SPHERE OF WOMAN.
There are very few in this world who
are stisfied with the condition in
which nature or their own acts have
placed them. The millionaire is forced
to be guarded by policemen to protect
his life against anarchists, and perhaps
enjoys less peace and happiness than
he who toils unceasingly with his
hands for his daily bread. On the
other hand, the wage-earner imagines
that his lot is the most grievious of
any of the ill-fated mortals who are
doomed to eke ' out an existence on
this globe, and is continually complain
ing, about the hard lines that encom
pass him. If it were possible for these
two classes to change places for a short
time perhaps each would be more con
tented with life; but as this cannot be
done, each must bear his part patient
ly. The toiler must enjoy life by
being contented with his environment,
and, if the rich man cannot live in
peace and comfort, he should dispose
of his wealth or emigrate. This world
hs large enough for all, and may be a
very desirable place in which to live
. if people would only think so.
But aside from these there is discon
tent because of the natural sphere in
which the supreme being has placed
people. One man is dissatisfied because
he was born black, red or yellow in
stead of white, and perhaps there are
some who would prefer being black in
stead of white. Complete happiness
is not to be found, and perhaps never
will be while life lasts and conditions
vary. Of all the discontented beings
the new woman appears to head the
list. The professions have been opened
to her. and she has the privilege of
matriculating at all the universities
but there is an old book, and one very
much venerated, that has not placed
- her in as high a position as modern
civilization has accorded her. This
book is the Holy Bible, and the mod
em woman comes forward and says
this must be changed. There must be
another translation that will give wo
men some of the honors which have
heretofore been erven man. The lat
est revision of the Hebrew and Greek
texts i9 considered very correct, and a
committee of women, however much
. they may be actuated by a sense
wrong done them through all ages
past, cannot change these without do
ing violence to the intent and mean
ing. As a moral guide this old book
is above all others; but it was written
' in a very barbarous age, and is a truth
ful portrayal of the customs and habits
. and thought of a people who had not
enioved the benefits of the civiliza
tion that then prevailed in some coun
tries. Any alteration of the pages
. that treats of the condition of woman
at that time would be a base fabrica
tion, and would undermine the reputa
tion for truth which the old book en
joys. Among all uncivilized people the
male was always considered the ruler.
the controller and the manager of all
. affairs, social, political and religious.
and it is true in a great measure
this age of the world.
The women of the Bible have many
- excellencies of character, which are
not found in any contemporaneous
history. From the histories of Mother
Eve to Mary Magdalene, the graces of
womanhood are set forth in this book
in an admirable manner. The affec
tion of the mother, the devotion of the
wife, and the higher moral qualities
of the sex are truthfully recorded.
The mother of Moses hiding him in
the bullrushes to save his life is
" beautiful example of maternal af
fection, and worthy of imitation even
by the coming woman. Buth, declar
ing that "where thou goest I will go;
thy people shall by my people, and
thy God my God," could there be a
more ennobling: picture of the love of
wife portrayed by pen? Then ' Queen
Esther, petitioning: the king for the
amelioration of the Jews, affords the
finest example of patriotism ever
given in any book. Coming down to
New Testament times there are given
-in the sacred pages the beautiful char
acters of Mary, the mother of Jesus,
Mary Magdalene, and Martha, the
sister of Lazarus, and none more ad
mirable have ever adorned the history
of any people. The stories of Zen
obia, Cleopatra and Boadecia are
repulsive to the idea of refine
ment, and conple the holy
name of mother with lust, revenge
and murder. The Bible exalts the re
lation of wife and mother, and places
woman in the highest sphere of human
existence. It surrounds the mother
with love, and gives to the ordinance
of marriage its greatest sanctity and
rids it of all the contaminating degra
dation of lust. If the woman of the
nineteenth century would pay more at
tention to the sanctified relation of
marriage, blessed by God for the per
petuation of the race, and be willing
to enter it as a sacred duty to human
ity, there would be less unhappy fam
ilies and courts would have fewer di
vorce cases. Woman reigns in the
paradise of the affections; she is the
mother of the race; her glory should
be offspring, by which she signifies her
- obedience to Deity and comprehension
' of the exalted sphere that nature de
signed her to occupy.
There has been and will be discon
tent; but it should not exist among
women. If they will follow the Bible
idea, and pattern after the examples
. of mothers and wives the race
will be reformed to a higher
plane of existence; but if they
continue to decry motherhood, and
make tne marriage relation simply a
commercial contract, then lascivious-
ness will increase, and the few progeny
tnat come into existence tnrougn ac
cidents will be devoid of all principles
of honesty and chastity.
in
associated. It is a mistake that Crom
well was descended from plebeian
ancestry. His father was Sir Thomas
Cromwell, and his mother traced
her descent from the Stuarts, the royal
family of Scotland. Being of a re
ligious turn of mind, he allied himself
in early life with the Puritans, some
of whom settled in Massachusetts and
furnished the basis of the sturdy char
acter of the New England . emigrants.
He was intensely religious, and gave
more attention to the extreme justice
of the Old than to the mercy
incalculated in the New Tes
tament. Cromwell, unlike Napo
leon, was not ambitious.
What he did he believed
to be in accordance with the will of
God, and not for his own aggrandise
ment. There was not a single act
upon which he did not ask the blessing
and guidance of God Almighty. His
troops were invincible, and, go
ing into battle with a psalm on their
lips these old Puritans surmounted
every obstacle. It cannot be denied
that he established the constitutional
rights of Englishmen which had been
ruthlessly trodden under foot by the
Stuarts. The Bill of Rights, which
he forced Charles I. to sign, has been
the palladium of liberty in the old coun
try and in America. Our own citizens
owe a debt of gratitude to Cromwell,
as well as the inhabitants of the
British empire. The glory of Crom
well's conquests resounded through
Europe, and there was not a poten
tate that dd not tremble at the
sound of Cromwell and his Puritans.
But he was a bigoted sectarian, and
he had not the ' least sympathy with
any who were opposed to him in relg
ious belief. He believed that God was
only favorable to those of his own
faith, and any kind of cruelty to those
opposing was in accordance with the
divine command. The Scottish Preb
byterians he pursued with unrelenting
vigor, and Irish Papists he slaught
ered as he would rats or mice.
Hume, with the pessimism incident
to skepticism, has denounced him the
greatest hypocrite of the age.
Macauley is his apologist, and so
is Carlyle. John Milton, the
modern Homer, defends him, and
eulogizes his actions. His character
is uniaue. and is susceptible of the
severest censure as well as the most
laudatory praise. In his family rela
tionshewas pure as driven snow a
loving father, an affectionate husband
and a steadfast friend. His word was
never violated, and whatever promises
made were fulfilled to the letter. But
he was austere to those who differed
with him, and had no sort of
liberality or charity to those who
had diverse religious opinions. Still
he guaranteed and maintained
the greatest freedom among sectarians,
and Englishmen enjoyed the full priv
ilege of worshiping God according to
the dictates of their own conscience.
Lamartine condemns him for the exe
cution of Charles I and the massacre
of the Irish papists. The former mer
ited his fate by his violations of the
English constitution, and his death
was simply justice to an outrage peo
ple. The latter cannot be justified,
and the only apology that can be of
fered is the blind bigotry that pre
vailed during the latter part of the fif
teenth and beginning of the sixteenth
century. The world has grown more
liberal in this era; but we should not
judge men of a superstitious period by
the same rules as those of an enlight
ened age. Acts which would be con
scientious and honest in the one would
be brutal and reprehensible in the
other.
There can be no doubt that Oliver
Cromwell was a great man, worthy of
a prominent place in the history of the
world. He was a man of strong
characteristics, . and had many
of the elements of Napoleon,
but was not actuated by the same
jellfish motives as the little Corsican
tie gave liberty to England and re
stored the constitution to the empire;
but he was' merciless to his enemies
and uncharitable to religious oppo
nents. In the light of this age, as a
predominant character in a dark epoch
of the world, he is entitled to. a momu-
ment from the British people, and we
believe thelrish members of parliament
pursued a wrong course when they
permitted their desire for revenge for
wrongs suffered over three hundred
years ago to be tneir controlling
motives for action in parliament.
DIPLOMAT AND SOLDIER.
The young Kaiser of .Germrny is a
diplomat as well as a soldier, says an
exchange. He glories in army ma
neuvers and keeping the German army
what it was created when his grand
father won great victories: he talks of
peace, but he surrounds himself with
all the glories of military power. He
has kept Europe in a state of expec
tancy more than any other ruler be
cause he has shown the same love for
organizing armies and for dramatic
display of military pomp that charac
terized the great Napoleon and made
him feared of all Europe. But the
kaiser has also some-of the diplomatic
sense that was conspicuous in : Na
poleon. He does not court war with a
nation over which Germany has once
triumphed, so long as the terms of
peace made by Germany are allowed
to remain in force.
It must have been a disappointment
to the French radicals when the French
war ships were given the greatest
honor among the guests at the Kiel
celebration. The league of patriots
of Paris half-masted flags when the
government accepted the invitation of
Germany to take part in the celebra
tion at the opening of the Kiel canal.
Some of the conservative French
statesmen regretted that the invitation
had been received, and blamed their
ambassador at Berlin for not prevent
ing its being sent to Paris. There
was uneasiness all over France, and in
fact throughout Europe, for fear some
thing might occur at Kiel that would
offend France. .
But Kaiser WilhelnT showed excel
lent diplomacy and captured the hearts
of the French representatives and sea
men by the attention shown to the
French gunboats, the German bands
playing the "Marseillaise" and thou
sands of German soldiers and citizens
cheering the French naval vessels as
they passed. The Frenchmen cannot
hold aloof from any one who sings the
"Marseillaise," and to hear this mat"
tial air played by German bands while
German soldiers saluted the French
tri-color and cheered the French ves
sels and the French soldiers and -seamen
on board, was a welcome from Ger
many that no Frenchman could resist
or fail to regard with the greatest good
will and enthusiasm.
The German emperor seems to have
successfully engineered a great fete, in
which he was the central figure, and
while surrounded with all the pomp of
military display he made it the great
est demonstration of force and good
will to his ancient enemy and most
sensitive neighbor.
In this he showed diplomacy of a
high order. Germany is more in dan
ger of a breach with Russia than with
any other power. Russian aggression
is more liable to interfere with Ger
many's domestic and foreign policies
than with those of any other European
power, except England. The canal is
for commercial advancement, but it is
also for naval advantages, to guard
against an attack from both Russia
and Farnce, at the same time to di
vide the German navy. But, while
preparing for every advantage of war,
the Emporer of Germany also employs
diplomacy to keep on good terms with
the French nation, which has no cause
for -trouble with Germany except the
remembrance of the loss of Alsace
and Lorraine. There has been noth
ing in the demonstration at Kiel more
significant than the attention shown to
in the delay which it will cause; but
the conservatives know that they
cannot retain power, and will be
forced to relinquish it soon and abide
the result of an election.
EDITORIAL NOTES,
These last days in June are too warm
for much political excitement. Even
silver men are trying to keep cool.
One faction of the California De
mocracy is still in favor of free silver,
and the other is not. Both will come
together on a platform in favor of
honest bemitalism.
Nine teachers in the public schools
of Portland have been discharged be
cause they were Catholics. The A. P.
A. is very strong in that city, and this
is undoubtedly the result of its influ
ence. A Washington dispatch -says that
Chauncey M. Depew is going to marry
again, and that the lady is worth $8,
000,000 and an orphan. If the contract
has been made, doesn't Mr. Depew de
lire to sublet it? Almost any one
would give a million dollars bonus.
American capitalists, who are nego
tiating in China to secure the 200,000,
000 taels bonds, stand a very good
chance of being successful. As Cleve
land's last bond sale was taken by
foreigners, it is simply "getting even"
that our citizens secure investments
elsewhere.
Good news is wired from Washing
ton. For the first time for many
months the receipts at the treasury
have been in excess of the expendi
tures, and this, notwithstanding the
fact that the income tax has been de
cided to be unconstitutional. Very
evidently business is reviving, and
better times may be expected.
Through the power of the pen more
than any other influence new commu
nities are formed, latent resources are
developed and capital brought face to
face with opportunity. The newspaper
is the forerunner of wealth, though
unfortunately wealth seldom runs
after a newspaper, unless it has an ax
to grind or a grievance to ventilate.
The Mora claim on Spain is $1,500,-
000. If Spain would give Uncle Sam a
warranty deed for the little island and
$500,000 in good silver dollars, it would
be a go, and would in the end save
Spain many millions. From this on
Cuba is going to be a costly luxury to
Spain. It has reached "the parting
of the ways," and Spain cannot turn
back the hands on the dial.
Some of the Democratic papers,even
of Ohio, are treating the candidacy of
John R. McLean, of the Enquirer, as
"a joke." Just why is not apparent.
McLean would, as senator, be such a
Democratic improvement as to be not
able.. He is a man of business, always
successful; a man of brains, a man of
large integrity; modest, humane and
a liberal giver to charity. He has not
only not asked office, but has modestly
declined when his friends have pushed
his name before the public, and de
serves honest treatment.
Death may lurk in every passing
baeeze, or drive his chariot in the
storm. A pesky little blow fly in
Prescott, Ariz., made its nest in the
nose of a man who had dislocated his
ankle, and was forced to remain in the
sun for several hours. Soon screw
worms developed in the nostril, and
death resulted to the poor fellow in
the most horrible manner. Perhaps
this man had faced the grim monster
in many terrible shapes, to be at last
conquered by a little insect that could
be destroyed by a stroke of the finger.
The Mazamas,the mountain climbers
of the northwest, will make the ascent
of Adams on July 10th, and a correct
measurement of the bight will be
taken. Prof. Lyman claims that it is
a thousand feet higher than Hood, and
Oregon must disprove this or her glory i
will have departed. These warm davs. I
TELEGRAPHIC.
DESTROYED BY FIRE.
Bonding
Congress
Occupied by Chilean
Burned.
Washington', June 25. Minister
Strobel, at Santiago, has sent the state
department the following: "I regret
to report the destruction by fire of the
building occupied by tne bouse oi con-
gress. The edifice was regarded as
the finest in Chile, and but little of
the furniture or archives were saved.
The loss is estimated at about $1,000,-
000 in United States gold without
considering the archives, which can
never be replaced. The building was
begun in 18o7. but was not dedicated
until 1876, during the presidency of
Frederick Errazuris.
- "While there are rumors that the fire
was the work of incendiaries, it seems
to be more naturally the result of ac
cident. There were several lighted
stoves in the building, which probably
caused an explosion by escaping gas.
"The government has called for
plans for a new building, notifying
congress that on their completion it
will ask for its reconstruction. An
extra session of congress, called to
consider the financial question, is now
being held in the state university."
Julius Negbaur, an American citi
zen, 65 years old. was found dead in a
small hotel May 4. Minister Strobel
buried him, and took charge of his
effects, $69 in Chilean currency, and a
little clothing. The minister is seek
ing information as to his antecedents.
AMERICANS IMPRISONED.
United States Minister McKinney's Beqnest
for Their Release Denied.
New Yerk, June 25. A special to
the World from Colon says: Governor
Velez, of Cartagena, and United States
Minister McKinney have had a tilt.
Mr. McKinney, while on the way here
from Bogota, found two Americans, an
engineer and a conductor on the Car
tagena railway, incarcerated at Carta
gena for running over and causing the
death of a native woman. McKinney
asked for their release. Upon his re
quest being refused, he threatened to
invoke the aid of his government, and
pressed his demand as the American
minister to Colombia. Governor
Velez said Mr. McKinney was at the
moment only a private gentleman,
without locus standi, because on quit
ting Bogota his duties as minister fell
upon the locum tenens.
The governor thereupon ordered the
prisoners into closer confinement.
PERILS OF SEAL HUNTERS.
Story of Privation and Suffering Told by
Resetted Seamen.
San Francisco, June 25. James
Townsend, a seal hunter; William
Runbeck, his boat-puller, and Gus
Johnson, a boat steerer, who shipped
on the sealing schooner, Alia, were
among the crew of the schooner Sophia
Sutherland which arrived frou. Hako
date last night, and they tell a story
of suffering and privation in an open
boat on the sea in which they were
obliged to live for nine days before
help came.
While out hunting, 20 miles off the
northern end of Japan, they lost sight
of the vessel in the fog, and after a
perilous trip to land, were not per
mitted to go ashore. A native police
man insisted that they must keep
three miles from shore, and much
against their wishes the men put to
sea in a small boat. Before departing,
however, the sailors gathered a quan
tity of mussles in the surf, and for the
next nine days, during which they
were afloat, mussles constituted their
only food. At last the sailors were
permitted to land at Hakodate, where
they obtained assistance from the
American consul.
THE NICARAGUAN COMMISSION.
Ita
Work Progressing Rapidly Honors
Accorded the Members.
. Washington, June 25. A mail re
port received at the state department
from Colonel Ludlow, dated Rivas.
France by Germany, and the good feel-i the cool sides of both of these peaks I Nicaragua, June 2, shows that all is
ing manliest by tne representatives oi . look very inviting, ana almost anv one truing- won wnu mo tuuiiumniuu,
would loin tne Mazamus and be
cer trying to escape to the United
States. Woodward told the officer on
the .Ewlhat there .ire 11,000 rebels
about Holguin. There was a rumor
in Banes when" the Ely left, that two
other United States correspondents
had bean arrested near Santiago. The
authorities have ordered all correspon
dents to leave the country immedi
ately. Lost Bis Hand.
Albany, Or., O. A. Archibald and
C. E. Hawkins, of this city, went fish
ing up the North Santiam yesterday.
They were riding in a buggy, Haw
kins holding a loaded shot gun. The
buggy ran into a chuck hole, throwing
Hawkins partly out. The gun fell
upon the axle and was discharged,
blowing Hawkins' right hand off, and
sprinkling both their faces with shot.
Hawkins was brought to Albany and
had his hand amputated.
Accident to a Corvallis Man.
Sacramento, June 25. A young
man, J. E. Jacobs, from Corvallis, Or.,
fell from a train in this city this morn
ing, and the wheels cut off one of his
arms. He was token to the county
hospital.
The Plague at Foo Chow.
Washington, June 26. The United
States consul at Foo Chow, China, re
ports the appearance of the Hong
Kong plague there. He says it is al
ready established as an epidemic, but
is so far confined to the city proper.
He adds: "Symptons unmistakably
stamp it as the plague, and in the in
fected districts within the city rats are
dying in great numbers, just as has
been the invariable rule wherever the
plague has shown itself in the past. In
a city like Foo Chow it is impossible
to prevent the spread of contagious
diseases or even to mitigate the suffer
ings of the victims."
His Leg Polled off.
Tillamook, Or., June 26. One of
A. J. Anderson's legs was caught in a
pulley yesterday and pulled off at the
knee. The remaining part of the leg
was amputated at the thigh, but Mr.
Anderson was so badly injured that he
died this morning. Mr. Anderson
owned the sawmill near this place, in
which he was working at the time of
the accident.
both nations, when the emperor of
Germany and the president of France
were toated in the same speech by a
German officer on a French warship.
THE BRITISH CRISIS.
PROTECTION ABROAD.
A WORLD CHARACTER.
One of the circumstances leading to
the dissolution of the Roseberry min
istry was the defeat of the bill appro
priating a certain amount for the erec
tion of a monument to the great com
moner, Oliver Cromwell, which was
strongly opposed by the Irish mem
bers. The government has given
signs of weakness for some time past,
and the vote on tne uromweii monu
ment sealed its doom. From these oc
currences, and from which such an im
portant effect has resulted, the charac
ter of Cromwell becomes of great in
terest. '
There is no more important epoch
in the history of England than that
relating to the arbitrary sway of
Charles I, when the constitution was
ruthlessly trod under foot, and Eng
lish liberty was only a name. At this
time a unique character, Oliver Crom
well, assumed s position in history
second' to no one with whom the
minds of the British people have been
it is not possible lor tnis govern
ment to guarantee the safety of the
American missionaries in the interior
of China, says the New York Sun.
They have asked for protection against
mobs, but we know of no way in which
it can be given to them. They are in
the interior by sufferance, not by
treaty right. All that can be done by
us is to request the Pekin government
to grant them such favors as it may
have the power to grant, for the sake
of international comity. We certainly
cannot sustain the missionaries' peti
tion that this government shall ask
the Chinese authorities to prevent the
circulation of books inimical to Chris
tianity. A request of the kind could
neither be made by us nor granted by
China. We have hundreds of books
in this country against the Chinese re
ligions, and the missionaries in China
preach against these religions. The
Chinese have as much right to print
books against Christianity as we have
to print books against Taoism, Con
fucianism, or Buddhism.
The Christian missionaries in China,
American or European, have suffered
but little from the Chinese, even dur
ing the war with Japan, when the hos
tility to all foreigners was more active
than usual. We had news, a while
ago, of the destrction of a few small
mission buildings in the interior, but
the disturbance was promply quelled
by the native authorities. The rumor
of the killing of a number of mission
aries in April last, or in May, was
without foundation. The Pekin gov
ernment has done all that was in its
power to secure the safety of the mis
sionaries, even in those provinces to
which they are admitted by courtesy
rather than by treaty right.
The good offices of this government
in their behalf have been exercised at
Pekin for many years, through many
administrations, and no service can we
rendered other than has been rendered;
and this will surely be continued so
long as there 1b any need for it. '
The United states is tne only coun
try in the world that as soon as a debt
was incurred at once proceeded to ma
ture plans for its earliest possible pay
ment. The rapid reduction of Its war
debt has been the wonder and admir
ation of the world, and while it has in
less than thirty years paid about $2,-
000,000,000 of this debt, England has
not materially reduced the debt of the
United Kingdom for 50 years.
There can be no doubt that the Sal
isbury ministry will not be able to
maintain control of the government,
and that soon there will be a dissolu
tion of parliament and a new election
ordered. For a time at least the Lib
eral party has suffered defeat; but it is
not at all likely that the Conservatives
will be more successful, for the house
of commons is unquestionably in
favor of the reform policy that have
been inaugurated for a number of
years past in the politics of the British
nation. It may be true that the Lib
erals have made mistakes in some
measures they have introduced; but
public sentiment is in their favor, and
the victory of their opponents will be
temporary. The . advancement of
Great Britain in the last half century
has been due to Liberal policy, andJ
there will be no retrogression. On
the Irish home rule bill the lords were
the obstacle that could not be sur
mounted; but the next success of the
Liberals will be the death knell of the
house of peers. Its power must be
curtailed, as it is a constant menace to
the progress of British democracy.
There can be little improvement in the
empire, if every act passed is liable to
be nullified by this body of legislators
who do not represent the people, and
only the aristocratic element of gov
ernment. The throne '-amounts to
nothing. There has not been any
power exercised by it for long years,
and it simply exists as a venerable
monument of antiquity. When Vic
toria surrenders the crown and her
place is filled by Albert of Wales he
will have little to do with legislation.
He is very liberal in his views, and it
is presumed will wear his honors more
like a president than a king. Royalty
can never regain its former position
and prerogatives in England. It will
exist, perhaps, for ages; but simply as
a figure-nead, and not as an influence
upon legislation.
In accepting the premeirship, under
the present circumstances, Salisbury
has displayed considerable courage,
and it will be interesting to see how
he will manage the task assigned him.
He will not have a majority on any
measure he may propose, and very
likely the first step of the new govern
ment will cause a dissolution of parlia
ment. Then an election will be or
dered, and British sentiment will have
an opportunity to express itself at the
ballot box. It is very probable that
the Liberals will be returned, and the
same policy pursued that have been
under Gladstone and Roseberry.
Home rule should be granted to Ire
land and to other parts of the empire.
This is in the line of advancement.
and will eventually be accomplished.
Of course the defeat of Roseburry has
caused delay in carrying out the pro
gramme; but this will again be pushed
forward, and perhaps more vigorously
and on more substantial lines than
before. The history of the Liberal
party is not yet complete. It repre?
Bents the advanced sentiment of the
British people, and will be again
trusted With the reins of government.
There are reforms which should be
made, and the democracy of the em
pire will watch every opportunity to
see that they are inaugurated. The
late cricia may have been unfortunate
con'
tent to live in the region of perpetual
snow while the thermometer cavorts
around the 100 degree mark in lower
altitudes.
John L. Sullivan's benefit at Madi
son Square Garden, New York, last
night, was a financial success; but the
Metropolitan Job -Printing Company,
who had an attachment against the
box office receipts, was not successful
in collecting its bill. John L. had
sold the privilege of the show to "Par
son" Davies for $5300. Sullivan, al
though he has stopped slugging,
still true to the elements of his char
acter, and if he has auit beating men
with his fists, he still "beata" them by
means of legal quirks. The former is
the more reputable practice of the two,
Whether the Cuban struggle is mer
itorious or not the fact cannot be de
nied that the revolutionists have many
sympathisers in the United States.
Spain, in tne treatment oi ner colo
nies, has never pursued a liberal pol
icy, and Cuba is the only one in South
America tnat sne now retains, wnen.
at the beginning of the century, her
flag floated over nearly half the conti
nent. Cubans may not be proper per
sons to govern tnemselves; but Span
iards are considered tyrannical, and
any opposition to that country will al
ways meet witn iavor witn tne Ameri
can people.
Municipalities rarely appreciate
what they owe to brave firemen, who
frequently risk their lives to save the
Drooertv of their neighbors. A case
in point happened in Minneapolis last
hight, when six of these brave fellows
went down to aeatn in tne names or a
burning building, while trying to get
control of the fire. The dispatch
states that several others were injured,
and mere may oe more dead in tne
ruins. Minneapolis should erect - a
monument to these heroes, and the
families of the unfortunates should
have substantial evidence of the grat
itude oi tne people, -
The Democratio state convention at
Louisville has endorsed Mr. Cleve
land's and Mr. Carlisle's views on the
money question, and the free silver
men have been badly defeated. From
all appearances the silverites will not
be received into the Democratio or
Republican folds, and will be forced to
ally themselves with - the Populists.
A few months ago they appeared in
vincible, and it was thought they
would have a large following in both
organizations; but in every public
convention so lar tney nave been ig
nored, and are very lonely outside tne
Populist camp.. This is an age of
progress: but advancement is not in
the line of a depreciated currency or a
fluctuating circulating medium.
The committee on celebration have
made all necessary arrangements, and
the 4th of July, 1895, will be a grand
event in the history of The Dalles.
Everything necessary to insure the en?
joyment of visitors have been done by
tne gentlemen comprising tne com
mittee, and they are entitled to con
siderable praise for their untiring and
intelligent efforts in this direction.
This city, which is soon to enjoy an
open river to the sea, can afford to give
a premonition of the glorious future
that awaits her in the accomplishment
of this project, by hurrahing loud and
long, and giving other demonstrations
of joy on this the 4th of July the last
that will precede the event.
The three leading Mormons of Salt
Lake arrived in Portland yesterday,
and were visited at the Hotel Portland
by citizens of the metropolis. These
dignitaries were President Wilford
Woodruff, first counselor; Hon, George
Q Cannon and Second Counselor
Joseph F. Smith. All of these men
were pioneers of the faith in Utah,
J .1.1 1. 11 -A.A I
still possess bodily vigor and mental
activity. Whatever may be said of
some of the doctrines of the church of
Latter Day Saints, their habits of life
are free from many . of the excesses
prevalent among other classes, and
thav fraauentlv attain a ripe old age.
respected and beloved by the believers
in tne dogmas.
that
the health of the party has been ex
cellent; that the climate changes have
not interfered with the work and that
the Nicaraguan government has ex
tended every attention and courtesy,
and has tried to make their stay agree
able and profitable.
The commission was not finding its
task an easy one. It had just returned
to Rivas, June 1, from an inspection of
the western division of the canal from
Brito to Lake Nicaragua, and was
about to inspect the eastern division,
leaving Rivas on a steamer, Juue 5,
going into the woods at Ochao, and
then traversing the jungle on foot
over the canal route to Grey town no
small undertaking in a tropical climate
in the wet season. Colonel Ludlow
expected to reach Greytown between
June 25 and July 1.
While the board was at Granada the
party was invited to visit the capital,
and were taken on a special train to
Managua, where the president gave
them a special reception, receiving
them with great courtesy and placing
at theirv disposal the government
steamer and tree use oi tne teiegrapn
line
Three Boys Drowned.
Seattle, June 25. Three bright
looking boys, varying in age from 16
to 11, were drowned in the bay just
south of the Oregon Improvement
Company's coal-bunkers at 4:15 o'clock
today, while playing on a boom of logs
owned by the Stetson ' & Post MUl
Company. It was the saddest case of
the kind recorded in many years, and
the sight attending the rescue of the
bodies, the attempts to resuscitate
them, and the grief of the parents
when the news became known, will be
remembered for many days. Those
drowned were Louis F., Blanohard,
aged 16, the stepson of J. Harry Hed
rick, freight agent for the Oregon Im
provement Company; Albert Birket,
aged 12 years, and Willie Birket, aged
11.-both sons oi Albert M. Hirket,
proprietor of the Atlantic house, cor
ner of Washington and Commercial
streets.
An Officer Killed.
RrrzvTLLE, Wash., June 25. Yes
terday shortly after noon L. A. Con
lee, a constable and detective for the
Cattlemen's Association at Sprague
arrested Alfred bimes, Known as 'Messe
James," who has been wanted here for
some wee les lor cattle-stealing. The
arrest was made at Sprague, and the
officer started with his prisoner for
Ritz ville on horseback. This morni ng
tne body 01 tne constable wasiound by
farmer in tne middle oi toe road
about five miles from Ritzville, rid
dled with bullets. He had been shot
three times through the heart, once
through the head and once through
the hip. Simes, after the shooting.
escaped, taking the two horses. He
was seen about 6 p. M.,- going north
towards British Columbia. This morn
ing the body of coniee, after a cor
oner's inquest, was brought to Ritz
ville and prepared for shipment to
Sprague, where he has a wife and two
cniidren, .
SILVER MEN WORSTED.
Beaten on Every Proposition at the Louis
ville Convention.
Louisville, June 26. Exciting
scenes attended the meeting of the
Democratic convention today.
After discussing for an hour and a
half a motion to substitute the minority
report on credentials for the majority
report, the call of the 119 counties
began. The vote resulted, 443 ayes,
425 noes. There was loud cheering by
the Clay men, and the Hardin men
rushed to the platform, charging false
counting and fraud.
This caused a tumultuous scene,
which was finally checked by crowding
Senator Lindsay through the fighters
to the front of the platform, when he
opened another hot contest by present
ing the majority report of the com
mittee on resolutions. This report,
which was signed by nine of the 13
members of the committee, indorsed
the administration, and expressed un
diminished confidence in the Democ
racy and patriotism of Cleveland and
Carlisle. The names of the president
and secretary of state were received
with cheers.
A minority report was then pre
sented by ex-Congressmen Ellis, which
favored the coinage of gold and silver
into legal tender dollars, receivable
on terms of exact equality.
Ex-Govenor McCreary made a strong
speech for the majority report, and
was followed by John S. Rhea, who
denounced Cleveland and Carlule in
bitter terms.
Senator Blackburn also favored the
minority report, and warned the con
vention against indorsing Sherman
instead of Seffrson.
After further speeches a viva tom
vote was taken, which resulted in an
overwhelming majority against the
minority report.
The silver men, however, demanded
roll call, and this was ordered at 2:30
P. M.
RUSSIAN EXILES ARRESTED.
Charged With the Murder of a Sacra
mento Conple.
San Francisco,' June 26 The local
detectives, assisted by a well-known
detective from Sacrameato, have cap
tured three men whom, they feel cer
tain, were implicated in the cruel
murder of F. W, L, Weber, the
TELEGRAPHIC.
Drowned in the t'mpqua.
ROSEBCRG, Or., June 26. A. G. Os
borne was drowned tonight, about 8:30,
in .Umpqua river, while bathing in
Farquar's swimming park. Osborne
and Milton McFarland were in the
water. Osborne had swung and drop
ped from a rope attached to a spring
pole about 20 feet from 3hore and had
started for the shore, when he sank,
McFarland diviug after him. Drag
ging was at once commenced and the
body recovered after being in the
water 45 minuts. All efforts to resus
citate him were useless. Mr. Osborne
was married only a few months ago to
Miss Grace Abrams, at Eugene, and
came to Roseburg and engaged in
business. He was 24 years old. His
wife is now in Salem and has been
notified of his fate by wire.
A Rich Discovery.
Redding, CaL, June 26. William
Murray, who has a mine at the junc
tion of Kosh creek and Pitt river,
about 60 miles northeast of here,
brings news of having discovered the
richest mine in this country. He says
it is the original "Lost Cabin" mine,
which has been searched for during
the past 30 years.
He has- discovered a lode 800 feet
wide and 400 feet high, impregnated
with iron and which bears gold and
silver to the value of from $75 to $150
per ton. The range where this mine
was discovered is a continuation of
that upon what is the great Lost Con
fidence mine, or what is generally
known as the Iron mountain, it was
recently sold to an English syndicate
for $400,000.
Former Port lan tier Killed.
Valparaiso, June 26. Lester Du
bois Howser, an American citizen.
who came here from Spokane, Wash.,
was murdered Saturday about a
league from Quilfue. a town that is
close to this city. The news of the
murder has just reached here. The
killing of Howser, who at the time of
his assassination was on his way to
nearby mines to pay off the men, took
1 i 1 1 J
TO END A TARIFF WAR.
France
Treaties
to
Revising Commercial
With Switzerland.
New York, June 27. A special
the World from Paris, says:
"M. Hanatoux, the minister of for
eign affairs, has introduced in the
chambers of deputies a bill modifying
tne commercial relations between
France and Switzerland. The bill is
to put an end to the tariff war. The
modification takes the form of a reduc
tion of the French minimum tariff on
watches, clocks, machinery, cheeses
and silks, but manufactured cotton is
excluded. Not only Switzerland, but
all countries Having commercial treat
ies with France containing the 'most
favored nation clause,' will be bene
fited by the reduction. Since the
rupture of commercial relations with
Switzerland in 1892, France has lost
14,600,000 francos, or $2,520,000 annu
ally. Switzerland's loss is much less.
The new agreement is due to the
energy of M. Barroc, the French am
bassadoc- to Berne. The bill will
probably be ratified by the chamber
speedily. Charles Borgeax, an emi
nent Swiss jurist consul, says that
Switzerland is much less willing than
France to accept a new treaty, since a
new commercial equilibrium has been
secured with other outlets, chiefly
German and Swiss products. The
French government at Paris is carry
ing on a strong campaign in favor of
the measure. Even if the arrange
ment is oenniteiy concluded, trance
will have difficulty in , ousting the
Germans. Immediately after the
rupture, in 1892, the Germans exerted
themselves to secure the Swiss trade
i and completely succeeded.
I "The minister of the colonies, M.
Chautemps, has been obliged to ask
for an additional appropriation of 10,-
000,000 frances, because of unauthor
ized expenditures recently detected in
Tonquin.
"Alexander Dumas, the author of
'La Dame aux Camelias,' was married
today to Mme. Regnier de La Breuvere.
The bridegroom is 55 years old.
"Mme. Edwards, director of Le Matin,
the most modern and enterprising of
the Parsian journals, has retired from
journalism."
LED BY AN AFRIC1AN PRINCE.
An Expedition Leaves Chicago for Centra
Africa.
Chicago, - - June 27. Commodore
Bonnge,. who claims to be a young
African prince, and a dozen people,
mostly from this city, left last night
pioneer grocer of Sacramento, and the on a journey of 12,000 miles to Central
latter's wife, in last December. The Africa. Their mission, they say, is
prisoners are Russian exiles from partky. to convert the natives to Chris
Siberia, and it is said that John Kobo- tianity, and to collect diamonds for
loff, one of the trio, will soon be tnemselves.
charged with the murder of Mr. and '. The leader and backbone of the en
Mrs. Weber, , terprise is Rev. A. C. Scott (colored),
According to the story of Ruloffski, a Methodist minister of Fairview,
one of the prisoners, on the night of Mich., but the originator of the trip is
December 29 the four made an unsuc- 1 Commodore Bonnge, who claims to be
cessful attempt to garrote a citizen 1 a son of the king of Bonnge. in the
IN A SPANISH DUNGEON.
A New York Correspondent Charged With
. Being a Cuban Officer.
Boston, June 25. Frank R. Wood
ward, a correspondent in uuba lor a
New York newspaper, is in a Spanish
dungeon for visiting an insurgent
eamp. Me was unaer surveillance and
tried to escape on the British steamer
Ely, which has arrived here from
Barnes, Cuba, but the Spanish guards
recognized nun and tnen tnrust him
into prison. He is to be taken to Gib-
ara for trial.
Woodward arrived at Barnes from
the interior, June 16, the day- before
the Ely sailed. His horse was nearly
dead from fatigue, and both man and
horse were covered with mud. This
was what aroused Spanish suspicions.
Woodward was very ill. He had a lot
of nqtes detailing the strength and
movement of the rebels. The Span
ish took them.1
-Woodward asked Captain Donovan
to immediately notify the press of the
United States so as to bring his arrest
to the notice of the state department,
for he feared the papers the Spaniards
seized will be used against him
- The Spaniards, it is understood, will
charge him with, being a rebel offi-'
near the state capitol grounds. They
then resolved to rob some dwelling.
The Weber residence was just oppo
site the capitol, and they selected ft as
being the easiest of access in the
neighborhood. '
They reached the rear yard by
means of a side door, and then went
up the back stairs to the porch just
off the kitchen. The Webers lived in
the second story of the building, the
store below. A window was pried
open which Koboloff picked up on the
porch, and three of the party entered
wniie tne iourtn stood guard on the
porch, Weber bad been awakened by
the burglars, and, leaving his bed,
went to ascertain the cause. Kobo
loff, according to Ruloffski's story,
stepped behind a door, and when the
old man passed, struck him on the head
with the hatchet, felliog him to the
floor. Several more vicious cuts com
pleted the murder.
Mrs. Weber must have heard the
noise in the rear, for she followed her
nusband, only to meet the same fate.
The murderers, then helped them
selves to everything of value they could
find and departed.
ANXIOUS FOR THE END.
Dissolution
of Parliament
Conservatives.
Desired by
LONDON, June 26. Replying to
Henry Labouchere, member for North
atnpton, in the house of commons
today, Right Hon. Akers Douglas, the
conservative whip, said his party was
anxious for the dissolution of parlia
ment at the earliest possible moment,
and hoped to be able to make a state
ment on the subject Monday next,
He moved new writs for an election be
issued in the case of East Manchester,
West Bristol, St. George's, Hanover
Square and West Brimingham. repre
sented respectively by A. J. Balfour,
the new first lord of the treasury; Sir
Michael Hioks-Beach. chancellor of
tne exchequer: George J. Goshen, first
iora oi tne admiralty, and Joseph
vuaiuuenam, nrst secretary or state
M 1 1 , . . .
ior tne colonies, wno nave to be re
elected upon their appointment as
cabinet ministers. The mention of
Cnamberlain's name was received with
cries of "Judas" from the Irish
oenones.
THE ACCIDENTS OF A DAT.
Five Persons Killed by Lightning During
aa'AIabama Storm.
Birmingham, Ala.. June 26. Five
persons were killed by lightnlnc dun.
injj a luuuuor storm tnrougQQnt tne
state today. Thomas and George
Washington were killed while taking
shelter under a tree near Falkland;
Liigntning struck; tne bouse of James
BucKney, at Lincoln, killing him and
seriously injuring his wife. William
Methvine and his wife were driving
near Smith's mills, when their hn o-o-w
was crushed by a tree that had been
struck by lightning. Methvine was
killed, and his wife received inlurioa
from which she died soon after.
LONDON. June 26. Apeverethiindnr
storm has raged in many parts of Great
Britain and Ireland today, and much
damaged has resulted. Lightning
struck a tree in the agricultural show
at Darlington, killing two persona and
injuring three others. Two miners
returning from work were killed by
ligbtning sear Normandie. 1
Congo conntry.
aix years ago be came to tnls coun
try. At that time he was unable to
speak a word of any language but his
native tongue, but now. after a oourse
brof studies, he is able to speak English
and uerman nuenuy. wnen ne came
here he had a pocketful of diamonds,
and he says there are more where
they came from.
The party seems to be well supplied
with money. They also carry with
them a case of rifles, a large lot of six-
snooters and thousands of rounds of
ammunition. They went from here to
Montreal, from which city they will
sail to Liverpool.
STRUGGLE WITH FIRE.
Heavy Loss of Property In San Francisco's
" ' Lumber District.
San Francisco, June 27. Some
thing like $2,000,000 worth of property
was destroyed by fire in tne lower
part of the city tonight. Almost
three entire blocks, covered with
dwellings, lumber-yards and expen
sive manufacturing plants, went up in
smoke despite the efforts of the- fire
men to suodue the flames. A little
while before 6 o'clock the fire started
in the rear of Carrick, Williams &
Wright's box factory, Fifth street, be
tween Bryant and Bannan. By 9
o'clock the two blocks bounded by
Bryant and Buxome, Fourth and Fifth
streets, were reduced to piles of glow
ing embers. Then to complete the
ruin, the fire lumped Fourth street
fanned by a stiff breeze, and licked up
the western half of two blocks divided
by Bannan, between Third and Fourth.
f ortunately the breeze which pre-
yaiid during tne nottesr part or the
conflagration died away or more of the
town would have been burned.
The water pressure wag not suffi
cient for the drain made upon it by the
full complement of engines, and in
some places the fire was left to burn
itself out. Everything possible was
done by the department, . but the
blaze was too fierce for the fighters,
GREET BHRGHINS
IN MILLINERY.
Trimmed Hats 75 Cents and Upwards.
c
MRS.PHILLIPS
Washington Street
MERCHANT TAILOMlG
MR. PAT. FAGAN,
At his establishment on Second street, next door to C. Lauer's Meat
Market, Is prepared to make
Spring and Summer Suits
f
J. 0. MHCK
French's Block,
171 Second Street, THE DALLES, OREGON.
PABST CGL6BRHT6D BEER
Fine Wines, Liquors, and Cigars.
DOMESTIC and KEY WEST
CIGARS.
DON'T
STOP
TOBACCO
ITS INJURIOUS TO STOP SUDDENLY
anJ don't be imposed upon by baying remedy tbs
requires you to do o, u it nothing more than a
substitute. In the sudden stoppage of tobacco yon
must have some stimulant, and in most all cases, the
effect of the stimulent, tie it opium, morphine, or
other opiates, leaves a far worse habit contrac
ted. Ask your druggist about
UACO . CUHO. It it
purely vegetable. You. do no
have to stop using tobacco with
BACO-CUKO. It will
notify you whn to stop and your deslie for tobacco will cease. Your system will be as free
from nicotine as the day before you took your first chew or smoke. An Iron clad written
guarantee to absolutely cure the tobacco habit in all its forms, or money refunded. Pnce
Jl.oo per bo or 3 boxes (30 days treatment or guaranteed cure ) $3.50, For sale by al
druggists or will be sent by mail upon receipt of price. SEND SIX TWO CENT STAMPS
FOR SAMPLE BOX.
Booklets and proofe free.
Eureka Chemical k M'Pg Co., La Crosse, Wi.
Offioeof THE PIONEER PRESS COMPANY, C. W. H"X!CK, Supt. :
Er.k,Ch.mIcJoMT,0,.,IACr.W)..
Dasr Sirs I have hem s tobaico lend lor may years, and darimr the put two reus hire smoked SI
teen to tweotr ri(r s raralarly eve-v day. My wuo'e art n system bee ne aflected, unUI my phyvetaa
told me I mu girt up the utd of tootoeo. t.ir th time twins', at lout. I tried the w-oall d "Keelev
Oure," "No-To-xao,' snd various other rente lee, but without soeoes-, until I seal eiully learned of your
"Baoo-Cure." Three weekeaeo today I ODmnvmcal usl r vour pr-pirt on, nd tolay I e-mal ler myeelt
oomp'etelr eurad; I em In perfect health, and the horrible eravina: for tobtoco. which every Inveterate
moker fully appreciates, hu eomlete.y left me. 1 eooeider your "BjOo-Cuto" simply wonderful, sod
can fully recommend it. Yours very tpily, C. W. Hoaaiox.
GEORGE RUCH.
PIONEER GROCER
(Successor to Chrisman & Corson.)
A FULL LINE OF
STAPLE AND FANCY, GROCERIES
Again . at the old stand I would be pleased to see all my
former patrons. . Free delivery toany part of the city.
THE GERM A NI A
STUBLING & WILLIAMS, PROPS.
Fine Wines, liquors and Cigars
. '". All brands of Imported Liquors, Ale and Porter,
and Genuine Key West Cigars. A Full Line of .
CALIFORNIA : WINES : AND : BR iff DIE J
.- Twelve-year-old Whiskey, strictly pure, for medicinal pur
poses. Malt Liquor. Columbia Brewery Beer on draught.
94 Second Htreet. TIIF3 13 A.JL.L.E, OK
San I Francisco i Been Hall
F., LlSMIlJE. Ii-oprletor.
WINES, LIQUORS and CIGARS.
ALL KINDS OF BOTTLED BEER
COLUMBIA BREWERY BEER ON DRAUGHT
WASHINGTON STREET, BETWEEN SECOND AND THIRD.
ON SIMES' TRAIL,
Three Posses In Close Pursuit Re ward
for his Capture,
Ritzvelle, June 27. Great excite
ment is felt all over this section of the
country over the killing of Constable
Conlee by Alfred Simes, near this
city Monday, Stockmen are so
wrought up over the atfair that there
lauaoieto net oiooay Dame snouid
they come across any of the gang who
matte todcy ora tneir rendezvous.
A mass meeting- of citizens wag held
at Sprague yesterday, and $500 reward
is puaranteea tne caDturer or simes.
It is expected the county commssion
ere will offer $1000.
Tne last intelligence received was
that Simes was seen near James Mur
phy's ranch, in Whitman county, yes
terday morning, and mat two posses
from Sprague and one from Colfax
passed there two hours later, riding
oara oa tne tnu. - a is tnaugnt dimes
wm De caugnc Deiore long and sum
marily dealt with.
Wood I Wood! Woodl
Oak, fir and slab wood at minimum
rates. Send us your order from the
nearest telephone.
JOS. T. XTETER8 CO.
DOCTORS' PRESCRIPTIONS CL7Z
of Bvimnteed parity, by capable stall of experleneed dispensers. All the
- latest pharmaceutical preparations kept In stock. Prices will, be found as law
as is consistent with the snpply of flrat-elass drags.
M. Z. DONNELL,
Apothecary, and. Chemist.
DEUTCHE APOTHEKE. Telephone No. 15.
UaOiOFVC COLLTTTERHL BKNK
nUUU O hnd HUCTION R007-T
Opposite Ward, Kerns & Robertson's'LiTcry ble on Second SI
SECOND-HAND FURNITURE BOUGHT M SOLD
Money Loaned on Jewelry and Other Valuable?.
AUCTION . EVERY SATURDAY fto ,11 to 2 O'flOCK.
I will sell any ' goals or property placed with me at asonaMe coranil.sjba
Girameacall. R. B. HOOD.
I

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