Newspaper Page Text
€l)t IDffkli) purer gtrulfc.
Auburn, July 30, 1853.~ Agents. JoHif F. Damon, . . San Francisco J. M. Shrphkkd, , Sacramento City. W. B. H ice, .... ilattlesnak Oar Messrs. Adams &, Co , and Wells, Far'o &. Co., are our general agents for Placer.county. Any Advertisements, .Jolt Worker Subscriptions left at either of their Express Offices will he promptly forwarded to us. MINING NEWS. Lacy’s Bar.— Four men at this point have been doing remarkably well for some time. We are informed that they have taken out as high as SI3OO in one day. Badger Bar, a short short distance be low the junction of the North and Midtile Forks, is a scene of bustle and activity. The Badger Company have nearly got their flume completed, and expect soon to be reaping a golden harvest. On the North Fork,one mile and a halt above Oregon bar 28 chinamen are turn ing the river. Ten Americans who have a Claim just above join flumes with the celestials. They expect tube in the river in about a fortnight. From higher up the North Fork we have cßeering news. Three miles above Rice’s Ferry 17 chinamen early in the spring bought a river claim for SIOOO. They have their flume nearly completed an.l will soon be washing out gold. Some two miles above this point a par ty of Americans have their flume com pleted and are now erecting their dam. Opposite, on Bear river, in the neigh borhood of Eastman’s Hill, Dutch Flat, &.C., they are doing well. In Blue Ken yon, which is the North Branch of the North Fork of the American, and some 10 miles above Cold Spring, about 100 miners are at work. The gold found in the canon is coarse, pieces weighing from |l,u|Mo S6O. All hands appear to be doing well even John Chinamen. Miss Ella Bruce —is to visit Auburn to-day, and expects to give one of her interesting Concerts this evening at the Empire Hotel. The applause with which this sweet young songstress has been greeted at San Francisco, Sacra all. We shall not he able to pattern nf-' ter our Marysville friends and pay SI7OO for a single ticket, but we have no doubt the gallant Auhmnians will do homage to Miss Ella’s sweet vocal powers. We see by a card published in the Downieville Echo, William S. Spear, Esq., the Whig candidate for Senator, in the county of Sierra has resigned, and a meeting of the Whig Central Committee was called for last Tuesday evening to fill the vacancy. Public Speaking. —Gov. Bigler ad dressed the citizens of Auburn, on Monday evening last, in a speech of some two hours length. We did not have the plea sure of hearing the Governor, only in his closing remarks. We have been inform ed that his entire vindication of the Water Lot Extension was ample and well sus tained. The Governor is expected to address the Democratic Convention, which meets in Auburn to-day. Mr. J. U. M’Connell, of Nevada, can didate for Attorney General, also address ed the meeting in a few pertinent re marks. Hon. Jos. Walkup presented us yes terday with a fine melon, the product of his farm, which, by the bye, is situated in one of the most pleasant portions of our county—just bordering the edge of the Sacramento valley. Friend W. informs us that he has finished his harvesting and finds that he has raised 1100 bushels of barley, and 1600 bushels of wheat. He will realize not less than $7,000 fur the products of his farm this season. Well done Placer. An Indian was hung, a few days giro on Bear River, fur killing a China man. Before being strung up he confes sed his guilt, and also stated that he hail previously killed five Chinamen and one American. The latter was killed the sum mer of ’5l, and .Judge Jurdon, of Au burn, was sent for to hold an inquest upon the body. At the time it was supposed three white men had committed the crime and one of them was kept in jail some time upon the charge. We learn from a gentleman who has Just arrived in town, says the Herald of yesterday, that a party of imigrants reach ed Seventy-Six on Sunday last. They left St. Joseph on the 27th of April.— They report the emigration less than last year, but the increase in number of fami lies very great. Large droves of stock of various kinds are being driven across the Plains, and the general health of the i emigration good., and all seem to he wend mg their way to California with stout hearty and in peace —California Exprf** Bear River Correspondence. Bear River Mill, July 25, 1833. Messrs Editors: —Gentlemen, the Bear River and Gold Hill Water and Mining Company, have not repaired their bridges over their ditch. It is certainly shameful for a company to dig ditches over roads and across roads, Th*'re has been sev eral horses and mules had their legs bro ken, and several of the stage horses have been severely injured. Vou will, please give that Company a small notice in your next paper to repair and fit the bridge so that teams can pass once, and oblige Ophir Correspondence. Ophir, July 29th, 1853, Dear Herald:— Two weeks ago the Heavens were black above us, clouds lowered, horrid phantoms rode upon the air, and despair screamed his dirge song in oar ears, for the Fire King hud waved his torch over our devoted town, and it— disappeared. -Note, all is changed. Industry, activity and energy are the ruing spirits of the place, “The noise of the builders” is heard all the day, from early morn to latest eve. Lumber is piled up all along the streets, buildings are rapidly going up. islanding on the hill, in front of the “Brewery,” I can count no less than eigh teen good substantial houses nearly com pleted, and foundations being arranged for many more. In fact Ophir will soon he what it was a month ago—one of the prettiest, cleanliest and most desirable towns in the mines. For very obvious reasons, po’itics rests rather in the heads and hearts than on the tongues of our citizens; hut we will show when our present urgent strait is over, and September comes, that Ophir is yet what the past has proved her—the Star precinct of the Star Township No. 2, of Democratic Placer, with not a single Democratic bolter , hut every Democratic vote thrown for John Bigler, and the en- tire ticket. Mexican Grants and American Settlers. A most important decision was nn nounced by the Board of Land Commis sioners yesterday, involving the construc tion of the late Pre-emption Act, passed tor $m r m K 1 8& 3 y sketch for our evening’s issue. Jacob H. Stover, by his counsel Gen. John Wil son, moved recently, for leave to inter vene adversely to Gen. Suffer, on the hearing of the petition of the latter for the confirmation of his grants. Mr. Sto ver, in his affidavit, states that in 1850, he settled, and has ever since resided on, a tract of land lying east of the Feather lliver, in Yalta county which is now averred by Gen Suiter, (or those claim ing under him,) to be within his grants and for which Sutter claims a confirma tion. 'l’he affiant also states that at the time when he settled, he believed, and still believes, that the land is public land; that if allowed to appear, he can show it to be so; that unless he is allowed to ap pear before the Board, he is in danger of losing his pre-emption, which he con siders worth $10,000; that he has no other remedy; and that if the Board re fuse him this right, hundreds of other American citizens, similarly sitimted, will in the same way, lose their claims with out a hearing. 'This is believed to be the first time that this question has been before the Board in this direct form. In the argument of the motion Stover’s counsel maintained that while Gen. Sutter professes to claim only 33 leagues of land, (under two grants, the one of 11 leagues, the other of 22,) yet the boundaries which he sets forth in fact include nearly 150 leagues. The en tire argument of Gen. Wilson was mark ed by careful research and forcible rea soning. The Board in their decision said that the Act of Congress had not empowered them to receive evidence of the conflict ing claims of third persons, arising out of the late Pre-emption Act. They were compelled therefore to .deny the motion to intervene, tor want of jurisdiction in their body. At the same time, they intimated that the Law Agent of the Government won dco-operate with Pre-emption claim ants; their claims being in fact identical with those of the United States. This subject is one of the highest in terest to a large number of our citizens, who have, in entire good faith, settled on what they honestly believed to be Pub ic [.and. While we would not deprive holders under Mexican grants to a single acre, to which they have a legal and just title, we at the same time believe that, in defining boundaries, the authorized tri bunal should give the benefit of any doubts which may arise as to exact 'units, to the Government, and those claiming under it. —Evening Journal. Soft vs. Hard Water. —-A paper was lately read before the Institute of British Architects, setting forth that, contrary to the opinion of the London Board of Health, soft water, instead of hard, is injurious to animal life. The position is sustained by numerous facta, showing the low tone of the system, and the glandular affections introduced by the absence of lime, in any form, in the water, to be as decided as the excessive development of the sanguine temperament produced by two great a portion of these substances W.M, GWfNN. Phobnix. The following letter is a reply to Gov letter of the 16th inst., which we published in our last issue:— Benicia, July 18th, 1853. To Hit Excellency , John Bigler: Sir —Your note of the 16th inst., I re ceived on yesterday It seems that you had decided upon your arrangements, for the campaign before you received my answer. It was therefore useless for me to accept your proposal unless 1 could accede entirely to the course you had marked out for your canvass. This was impossih e as I had already incurred obli gations as to time anil place, which dif fer materially from yours. 1 still adhere to the reso’ution expres sed to you in my last—not to engage in the discussion of national politics. 1 think these princip es have been discussed enough. All good citizens ot California are too much interested in the examina tion of those questions which so vitally affect her present prosperity, to be at tracted by arguments upon obsolete na tional issues. Respectfully, your nb’t servant, Wm. Waldo. We find an answer to the above in the •date Juujnal of Wednesday morning last: — Auburn, Places Co,. July 26 ’53. Editors of Democratic State Journal: Gents: —The Sacramento Union of Monday morning contains a note over the signature of Mr. Waldo, purporting to he part of a correspondence which has taken place between that gentleman and myself. It is proper that 1 shoul I in form the public, that 1 never received the aforesaid communication from Mr. Wal do, and that I am indebted to the Union for the first knowledge of its existence. As the friends of Mr- Waldo are en deavoring to create erroneous impres sions, I now respectfully request the Democratic State Central Committee to notify the Whig State Central Committee that I am ready and willing to meet Mr. Waldo at any time or place that may he designated by the two committees. As for the political subjects to be discussed, 1 leave the selection exclusively to Mr. Waldo, and further, concede him the pri vilege of either opening or closing the debate. Yours truly, John Biuler. British Slaves. —'The N. V. Courier is unmasking British philanthropy as it exists in the East Indies. It proves how utterly hypocritical and heartless is their pretended sympathy for the three millions of African slaves in the United States, while it can g oat over and fatten upon the unheard of misery of 150 millions of British slaves in India, from whom they aium ally extract a net revenue of six’y millions or uonars, irrungn me yeany sacrifice of more live> than there are slaves in the whole United States. Religion and Profession, —There is a wide difference between religion and profession, so to their advantages. To (lend the knee, morning and evening, be fore the God of Heaven, in a spirit of formality, will avii hut little, ei her as to Ihe direction, or consolation of life. It will not arin ns against calamity; it will not de iverns in danger; it will not con sole ns in affliction; it will not guard us against the wiles of temptation, or the frowns of persecution. Ke igion will do ihis; hut not the form of godliness,— While the countenance of the Christian glows with the brightness of divine corn nmnion, the professor rises from hi.-, knees with an understanding as dark, a heart as wavering, a will as perverse, passions as corrupt, as when he approached the throne i f mercy. The first returns from the closet as a child who has held an af fectionate intercourse with a father, the second, as a blind pagan retreating from the temple, where he had been offering a few grains of incense upon the altar of an unknown God. Cherries without stones h tve been pro duced in France by the following method; In the spring, before the circu ation ot the sap, a young seed ing cherry tree is split from the upper extremity down to the fork of its roots; then, by means of a piece of wood in the form of a spatula, the pith is carefully removed from the tree in such a manner as to avoid any ex coriation or other injury —a knife is used on y for commencing the split. After wards, the two sections are wrought to gether and tied with woolen, care being taken to close hermetrieally with • lay, the whole length of the Heft. fhe sap soon reunites the separated portions of the tree, and, two years afterwards, cherries are produced of the usual appearance, but, instead of stones, there will only he small soft pellieks. The Placer County Convention meets to-morrow. A correspondent writes t ns that our old friend P. Lynch, Esq , is a candidate for the Assernb y We have known him long, and as a Demo crat he has always been true to the great principles of the party. Sa~. Jour. I. O. 0. K.—The following gentlemen are elected officers of Yuba Lodge No. 5 for the present term: N. G„ D. W. C. Rice; V. 0., J. W. Winter; Secretary, Lewis Badolet; Trees. Thus. A. Stomhs; Warden, A. Pollard; Conductor, Richard Rust; I. G., J. B Fnrrish; 0. G., F. Rumrill; P. G„ R. Gibnore. • The foj'owing are the elective officers of Auburn Lodge No. 7. for the present term: N. G., T. Mitchell; V. G.. H. O. Ry erson; Secretary, James Anderson; 'Trea surer, Robert J. Fisher. ’The California Express is now pub lished dailv. By the steamship Goliah, at San Fran cisco, Los Angeles papers to July 231 have been received: — Insok in Los Angeles County. The Star of the 16th insl , states that “this county i* in a >tate of insurrection, clearly ami plainly so. A large gang of outlaws, many of them expelled for crime (rorn the mines, are in open rebellion against the laws, ami are daily committing the most daring murders and rfthheries. Good citizens should devise phlm f<> de fend themselves. One of two things must result: the orderly, industrious inhabitants must drive out this worthless scum of humanity, or the} must give way hefot*c the pirates and he driven out themselves. In the times of Micheltorreuo, when the country was infested by a horde of Cholos, thieves and murderers, the citi zens mustered and drove the scamps th the sea hoard, and then shipped them off to Mexico, where they belonged. This was called a revolution: and just .such another revolution is needed now. It is needed for self protection, hut will he too late when the assassin’.- knife has depriv ed the country of half her best citizens.” From the Plains. —Mr. Hugh Dick son, from (Jhilicotfte, Ohio, called upon us yesterday, says the Downievil e Echo, having jost arrived from the Plains. He eft Fort Laramie, in company with Geo. Pickerel and Henry Lynn, of" Sangamon county, 1 1., on the 10th of June, and reached Dovvnieville in forty days. Air. Dickson thinks the emigration this year is heavier than it ever has been, but a great many are Oregon hound. He left 500 wagons at Fort Laramie, waiting to get mi the north side of the river. He thinks he was about the centre of the emigration, and on a rough estimate he passed fifty wagons per day from the time he left Fort Laramie til he at rived at the Sink of the Humboldt. He reports a great many (ami ies on the road, and a good number of young .tidies. He made some calculation of the number of cattle that woo d cross the Plains for Oregon and California, and he is sure that 300,000 head would not he too high an estimate. I'lie Humboldt was very hgh and etui- j grants were compelled to keep the ridge mad, on the north side all the way dow n. He met with no trouble from the Indians, and thinks they will not he annoying this -easiin* lie passed through Salt Lake, and found times hard and provisions high. Flour was selling at 25 cents per pound, which at this lime last year was selling at 3 or 4 cents. He passed Kit Carson on the Humboldt, with 7UOO head of sheep. The party came into Downievi le by way ot Jackson’s Ranch, and report it a very practicable route. They met with ready sa e for theii animals to Mr. Jack sou, and at liberal prices,— Slate Journal. Another Boat for the Sacramento. O .V|.twt»k Frisbee has just concluded it contract, in that city, for one of the most splendid boats yet built at this place. Ihe lb.- lowing particulars may lie of interest to the general reader. Hie is intended for a semi-weekly packet from San Francisco to Marysville in California. The hull is building by Messrs. Win. McFall &, Co., <d California, on the Monotigahela river, length 204 feet; beam 33 feet; hold 7 feet. The huh will he bolted together, taken apart and shipped to California viit New Orleans, the engines are Imi ding by Messrs. James Nelson &, Co.; cylinders 23 inches in diameter, with 7 feet length of stroke; she will he furnished with two doctors; the boilers will he of Mr. liarn hil ’s patent, length 15 feet 7 inches; di ameter 5 (eel 3 inches; wheels 34 (*et in diameter, with 9 feet length of buckets. I he cabin, by Messrs. Gullett, Applegate &. Mason, will he superior to anything now afloat. The cabin furniture will he of a superior order. This boat is hui cl ing expressly for a passenger packet in regard to finish and furnish. Hie will stand A No I. Capt. FHsliee is an ex perienced office, and a man of great en terprise and perseverance. This is the second boat that Captain F.. has Imi t and taken to California. The whole job is to he completed and ready for shipment on the first of September. Ihe estimat ed cost is SBO,OOO. — Slate J ur. A correspondent of the San Joaquin Republican, says; “Two men escaped from jaii at Mokelumne Hill on Satrrday last, liy the aid of a saw with w hich they cut irons oft'their persons. One of them, a man named Mills, had been committed for horse stealing; the other, named Linds ley, for robbing Chinamen. They were immediately pursued hut nothing has been heard of them. Origin of Texts. —The taking of a text seems to have originated with Ezra, who, accompanied by several Levjies, in a public congregation of men and women, ascended a pulpit, opened the hook of the law, and after addressing a prayer to dei ty, to w hich (he people said amen, “read in the law jjf God distinctly, and gave the sense,” Patriarchs delivered in public assemblies other prophecies or moral in structions for the edification of the peo ple. It was not until idler the return of the Jews from the Babylonish captivity, during which period they had almost lost the language in whit h the Pentateuch was written, that it became necessary to ex plain tis well as to read the scriptures to them—a practice adopted by Ezra, and since universally followed. In hitter times the Book of Moses was thus read in the synagogue every Sabbath day. To this custom the Savior conformed, and, in a synagogue at Nazareth, read passages from the Prophet Isaiah; then, closing the hook, returned it to the priest, andpreach ed from the text. This custom, which now prevails all over the Christian world, was interrupted in the dark ages, when the ethics of Aristotle were read in many churches on Sunday, instead of the Holy scriptures, New discovert or electrical m. fluence.— lt is the general impression among scientific men, that only a small portion of the power and influence of electricity has as yet I een developed One of its recent applications has been the lighting of cities. As one of tlfe re sults of this new application, we notice the following statement, which we cony from the Paris correspondence of the N a tional Intelligencer: Since, particularly electrical science seems to he making fresh triumphs every day. We have now to record a new ap plication of electricity by Dr. Joseph Watson, which is exhibiting in the neigh borhood of Wadsworth. The great fen ture of the invention is, that the materials consumed in the production of electrical light are employed for a profitable pur pose, independent of the illumination, and more than remunerating tie entiiC ex pense, so that the ,light, which is rendered constant and brilliant, is produced for nothing. Thus, while the light i» being produced by galvanic action, materials are introduced into the battery by which pig. ments of the finest quality are obtained; these are so valuable, that they consider ably exceed the entire cost of the opera tion. Dr. Watson thus speaks of his in vention in a pamph et not yet published; “Our battery we have termed rhechro matiebattery, and its produce is co cos It may seem difficult to imagine how any number of galvanic arrangements can he made to yield a great variety of colors* but when it is remembered that the reaf number of natural colors is small, and that a difference of tint and shade irn parts to each seperate product a distinct commercial existence as a color, we may then be believed when we say, that by the use of not more than five substances in tmduced into our batteries, we are able to produce no ess than one hundred val uable pigments, exceeding in valuable, by a great per rentage, the original value of the article'contributing towards their pro duction. Qur mode of producing these co:drsconsists, not in any subsequent mix ing of tin* products resulting from the working of our batteries, but is the resit t of the actual development of the electric ity in the battery.” I he exact process cannot be made in telligible by a short extract from the pam phlet, but the discovery is al owed to he most valuable, and its perfect accomplish ment nndou bted. 1 he Alla says that 2,400 bags of pota toes are said to be on their way to maiket from Santa Cruz* That paper also learns that the lands of the Valley have been leased at as high a rate as one hundred dollars per acre for the season, or for the growth ot this year’s potatoes. Mortgage sale.-By virtue of» power of Attorney to me executed by E. Daggy on the 25th day of April r i 9;j, t • ■ «»• «lo.i on pufiuii t 5 mill i(5 in (look A of Powers of Attorney, in the Recor der's office in Placer county, and by vir tue of, and in conformity with a power of sale contained in a certain mortgage executed by Henry W. Niles and 'labor his wife, to said E. Daggy, on the sth day of April, a d 1853, and recorded in book of Mortgages on pages ITS and 17-1 in the Recorder’s Office in said county;, said mortgage being given to secure the payment of a certain promisory note for the sum of if 633,33 with interest at the rate of 4 per cent per month from the date of sail! mortgage, made by said Niles to said E. Daggy, I will offer at public sa’e to the highest bidder for cash, at the “Phople’s Store” in the town of Yankee Jim, in said county, on the 12th day of August next, between the hours of 10 and 4 o’clock of said day, a I that property situated in Yankee Jim and known tts “Nile’s Hotel,” together with all the lot ground on which said “Hotel” stands, and will make, execute and deliv er to such purchaser at such sale, a good anil sufficient deed of conveyance of said property. JOHN S SCOTT. Ytinkee Jim, July 29, 1853. —46 2w pONS TABLE’S SALE.—By virtue of \J an execution issued by James Kenne dy, Justice of the Peace of Township No. 6, Placer County, Cal., on the 16th day of July 1853, in favor of George Hoi is, and against J. F. Johnson, the amount of judgment is .-60,48-100, to satisfy execu tion I will expose the following property to the highest bidder for cash, on the sth day of August, A. D 1853, at 10 o’c «ck A. M —to-wit: one canvass house, situat ed on the North Fork of the American River, one garden which consists of about two acres or more, which lies convenient to the house. The above mentioned pro perty will lie offered for sa e at Ground Hoggs Glory, at Dr. Morse’s house, William Hasson, Constable. CONSTABLE’S SALE.- By virtue of an execution issued by George Hollis Justice of the Peace of 'Township No- 6, Placer county, Ca ~ execution issued July 9th, A D. 1853, in favor of Lewis Hail lick, and against the goods and chatties of James Crewey for the sum ol $92,60- 100, to satisfy the execution I have this day levied upon the following property, to-wit: James Crewey’s interest in Floom and Claim known as the Pleasant Bar Union Co., situated on the Middle of the American River, of which I wlll offer for sale to the highest bidder h*r cash on the Bfh day of August, A. V -1853, at 10 o’clock A. il., or as n"' c " thereof as will he sufficient to satisfy ex ' edition and accruing costs*, the above mentioned property will he offered l° r sale on the ground wheie located. 46-lt* Wm. Hasson, Constable. Notice. partnership hitherto existing i. tween us is this day dissolved by »• tual agreement. July 26, 1853-046 }h* LEVI COSTLE, H. C. BLANCHARD