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GEORGETOWN lEWS :
THURSDAY, DECEMBER 13, 1855. Mr. Octavicn Hoo S s is our authorized agent for the Georgetown News at San Francisco. He may be tound at 97 Merchant street. Tile Result. The harping of the opposition press of this State about the breaking up of the American party, and its total wreck in the tempest of the Negro question, should re ceive a quietus in the result of the New York and Massachusetts elections. They have labored untiringly to impress their readers with the belief, that the American party had succumbed to the doctrines of the abolitionists, and were swallowed up in the vortex of the “republican” movement. That the assertion was wholly gratuitous, the unlooked-for and apparently almost hopeless success of the American party in the above mentioned States—a triumph of conservative, national principles over the sectional, disunion views of the “Republi can” organization—has demonstrated be yond a peradventure. Were anything needed to cheer the American party of this State to renewed energy in the accomplish ment of their mission, to cement the bond of universal brotherhood with each other, it is afforded in the response of the States of New York and Massachusetts. The great heart of the American people beats in unison with the principle laid down in the address of the late American State conven tion of California, and the sectional disor ganizes have received a rebuke in the re sult of the elections in these States, which cannot fail to eventuate in beneficial results. Some of our opponents still affect to be lieve that the result of the elections in these States is a triumph of sectional northern principles, and that the American party had incorporated these issues in their party creed. That such is not the case, the mean ings of the N. Y. Tribune over the result fully demonstrate. That paper regards the triumph of the American party in the State of New York as adverse to the cause of the abolitionists, and says: “We feel that the cause of human freedom has received a fear ful blow in the result of Tuesday’s election,” and “will be very glad to see that it is not a fatal one.” In commenting upon the result, the N. Y. Herald says: “The substantial rescue of New York (whatever may be the precise results) from the Seward coalition, following as this event does the overthrow of the same seditious conspirators in Pennsylvania, and accompa nied as it is by their defeat in Massachu setts, breaks down the sectional barrier of slavery weich they have been laboring to erect between the North and the South, and “opens up” the North to the American party and the democratic party, upon a na tional ticket and upon national principles. It relieves the American party from the in cubus and the odium of their late associa- I tions with the Seward abolition disunion-1 ists, and places the Know Nothings of the ■ North in such direct and decided antago nism to Seward and his partizans that there is no danger of their fusing again. This i wholesome divorcement was only partially I effected in Ohio—hence the election of. Chase; but the late results in Pennsylvania, Massachutetts, and especially in New T York, will be very apt, within the momentous twelve months before us, to make a clean division between the Know Nothings and the black republicans, even of Ohio, which will reduce the latter party in that State to a mere squad of guerillas in the Presi dential election.” What better proof need we that the American party of the Atlantic States has abjured the narrow sectional policy advo cated by the “republican” organization?— The'two most powerful journals in New York, of totally adverse views—the one ad vocating to the utmost the abolition disu nion principles of the Seward organization, and the other decidedly in favor of the “squatter sovereignty” of the Kansas-Ne braska bill—mutually and fully agree as to the nature of the result of the election in that State. We fully believe that in the coming Pres idential election the hosts of the American party will be marshaled upon the true con servative national ground, and will be tri umphantly sustained by the great mass of the American people, North and South, East and West. ' Since the moistening of the ground by the late rains, the farmers have been bu sy hereabouts in getting in their grain crops. Capt. A. D. Rock has sown thirty acres of oats on the ridge above the reser voir of the Pilot Creek ditch, and has ground prepared lor the sowing of fifteen acres more. The crop is intended to be cut for hay. The soil under cultivation looks remarkably fine, and a large yield may rea sonably be anticipated. Quail Shootixg. —The prince of sports men, Cap. Woodworth, left this place on yes terday for Pilot Hill, for the purpose of shooting quail and hare for the Sacramen to market. From him we learn that during four weeks of last winter, he killed in the vicinity of the above hill, five hundred quail and upwards of one hundred hare. Cap. can’t bf beat shooting on the wing. Theatre.— On Tuesday evening the Ne vada Hall was the centre of attraction to a large and appreciative audience, assembled to witness the delineations of charater and listen to original songs and poems by Messrs. Taylor, Stark, and Lester. We believe we express the feeling of all 1 present when we say that the entertainment was in the highest degree satisfactory. Mr. Lester certainly possesses vocal pow ers which for sweetness of tone are seldom surpassed, and his rendering of the song en titled, “Three Grains of Corn,” was touch ingly beautiful. Messrs. Taylor and Stark, in their delin eations of character, were entirely success ful in pleasing the audience. Mr. Taylor sang a local song, composed for the occasion, in which he dressed some of the prominent citizens in habiliments which, although a tolerably ‘tight fit,’ ap peared in most instances to set remarkably easy. The Brass Band of this place favored the occasion with their presence, and gave evi dence of rapid improvement in their voca tion. Severe Accident.— We are informed by Dr. J. Turner that a man named Walker, working in a tunnel at Mt. Pleasant, near this place, had his left arm badly fractured above the elbow, on Monday night last, by the falling of a large boulder. It is feared that amputation will be rendered necessary. Another.—C. B. Patterson, Esq., of Di amond Springs, was thrown from his horse on Tuesday last, while crossing the bridge at Buck’s Bar, on the Cosuranes River. It was reported at Diamond on the evening of the same day on which the accident oc curred, by a gentleman who came to that place for medical assistance, that Mr. P.’s injuries were of a serious, if not a fatal character. Dancing School. —We are requested to state that Mr. C. S. Barney will open a Dancing School at the new Hall of the Nevada House at this place, on Tuesday evening next, December 18th. Term to consist of twelve lessons. As nearly all persons who “trip the light fantastic toe,” arew T ell acquainted with Quadrille dancing, Mr. B. proposes to teach only all of the late and most fashionable Waltzes, Polkas, Schottisches and Mazurkas. All necessary expenses attendant upon the school will be furnished by Mr. B. Some time has elapsed since we have had a dancing school in Georgetown. We hope to see the ladies and gentlemen of this place attend largely the forthcoming school. We have noticed quite an influx of strangers into this place and vicinity, for a few days past. There is plenty of room left for more, so come on. Diggings good and our stores well filled with the necessaries of life and everything suitable for carrying on mining operations. Peach Orchards. —A great deal of at tention is now being turned to the culture of the peach in this section. Dr. F. G. Ray informs us that he is about to trans plant an orchard of young and flourishing peach trees on his ranch immediately ad jacent to town. The trees are now on the way from Diamond Springs to this place. Mining Items.— The Nevada Tunnel Co., Cement Hill, paid a dividend of §6O to the share last week. The Lone Star Tnnnel, Bottle Hill, is regularly paying §6 and §8 per day to the hand. The Slide at Chilian Bar, South Fork of the American River, is paying those enga ged in mining there, §6 per day each. BPg™ Messrs. Graham & Henry of this place slaughtered during the past week, a large number of fine fat hogs, am’ are now successfully engaged in putting up the same at their pork packing establishment. Their stock of hogs is the finest ever brought to this market. See advertisement in anoth er column. Snow. —Snow fell to the depth of seven inches in this immediate vicinity, on Fri day last, which did not entirely disappear until the following Sabbath evening. It was said to be two feet deep six miles east of this place, on last Saturday. Memento Lodge, I. 0. 0. F.—ln March last, the above lodge was instituted in this place, with eight charter members. The in stitution has progressed slowly since then. Within a few weeks past, however, several accessions have been made, and the lodge is now in a flourishing and prosperous con dition. Kelsey. —This old and famous mining camp presents at present to the passer-by, an unusual degree of vitality, much more so than many of her sister towns of thrice the inhabitants. In almost every direction from the place, may be seen companies making extensive preparations for success ful winter mining operations. The attention of dealers in mining claims is directed to the advertisement ot W. F. Leon in another column. Any in formation relative thereto cau bo obtained at this nfficc. News Items. The State Journal of Saturday says a new weekly paper is about being started at Diamond Springs, in this county. It is to be called the ‘EI Dorado County Journal,’ will be Know Nothing, and be conducted by Dr. S. Bradley. The Dr. has purchased the material and has it now on its Way to the mountains. A very stringent ordinance has been adopted by the authorities of San Francisco for the suppression of houses of ill-fame. Gov. Bigler has offered a reward of one thousand dollars for the arrest and convic-' tion of M. H. Hoagland, charged with the murder of James Hunt in Butte county in i the mouth of October. The amount of treasure shipped to the Atlantic States by the steamers of Decem ber sth, is as follows:—Per Golden Age, via Panama, §1,736,565; per Sierra Neva da, via San Juan, §435,131. Making a total of §2,161,696. Sixty tons of quartz recently crushed at the Gold Hill Mill, iu Grass Valley, yielded §25,000. Extracts from the report of the Episco pal Board of Missions, held in New \ork, were read, to the effect that want of labor ers is the chief drawback to the successful prosecution of missionary labors iu Califor nia and Oregon. The Alta says that some of the finest res idences in San Francisco are being built far back in the sand hills that once were con sidered of little value or consequence. The Henry Clay Monument Association has received subscriptions for nearly §50,- 000, towards the erection of the monument, about §45,000 of which have been sub scribed in Kentucky. The contemplated cost of the monument is §60,000. There are four Territories whose popula tion will, probably, within a year, entitle them to admission as States, viz: Minneso ta, Oregon, New Mexico, and Kansas. A man named Jackson committed sui cide on the Ist inst., at Newtown, below Gold Hill, Placer county; cause, delirium tremens. Mick Brannan, a sporting character well known in California, was killed in Albany, N. Y., on election day, in a disturbance which took place at the polls. The editors of the Benicia Herald have been shown a specimen of brooms maufac tured by Sydney Maupiu, wich are very su perior. This gentleman has corn enough of his own raising to manufacture 200,000 brooms, and has facilities for turning out 200 per day. The steamer Panama has been chartered for government, for the purpose of convey ing munitions of war and supplies for Or egon. As soon as she can take on board at Benicia cannon, horses, &c., she will sail for Fort Vancouver. Hay has been sold in Marysville, within a few days past, for sixty dollars per ton. Ex-Sheriff Astin writes to the Auburn Herald, from Granada, that he is satisfied Walker is going to take possession of all five of the States, of which Corral speaks in his letter to Guardiolo. One hundred and thirteen Chinese left for their old homes on the Kenau Haessler, on Friday last, and thousands more are pre paring to depart. The Board of Land Commissioners in tend closing up all their business by Janu ary 1,1856. Their term expires March 3d. A meeting will be held at the Orleans on Saturday evening next, says the Sacramen to Union, for the purpose of making prepa rations for a grand ball to be given on the evening of the inauguration of Gov. John son. The Sacramento Union says there are no less than nineteen brickkilns in the vicinity of the R street levee, near 9th street. They contain, probably, between three and four millions bricks. T. A. Fabens, Esq., of San Francisco, has been appointed by the new government of Nicaragua, Consul of that Republic for the State of California. The Postmaster General has directed that each distinct circular, no matter how many may be printed on a sheet, must be charged with postage as one circular, or the whole, if sealed, with letter postage. It is thought that the steamship Brother Jonathan will be purchased by Col. Kewen, and be turned into a war steamer for the Nicaragua service. Capt. Baker, of the schooner Maryland, which left San Francisco on the 22d ult., 1 for Oregon, was swept overboard during a ! gale on the fifth day out and lost. The State Prison Directors drew lots on ; the 6th inst., under the supervision of the j acting Secretary of State. The result was ! for Alex. Bell, long term—three years; F. I S. McKenzie, two years; and Ezekiel Wil son the short term of one year. The latter is by law President of the Board. The California Farmer asserts that no country iu the world can compare with California in raising hops. The Thirty-Third Congress met on the 3d instant. The “laughing philosopher” of the State Journal has grown surly since the re sult of the New York and Massachusetts elactions reached him, and objects to the American party making themselves merry over their victories. Just as thoug he pos sessed the sole prerogative to laugh, or the right to tell us when to “pucker.” That censorious fellow was tickled over the result in Indiana, laughed outright when he heard from Alabama, and fairly roared when he got the returns from Pennsylvania; but let him see a smile on the phiz of an American paper, or hear a snicker from its columns and he is down on it “like a thousand of brick.” Not so the merry little chap of the Town Talk ; he has a “fellow feeling” for the victors, and thus volunteers his iu depenent advice to the democratic journals: “The politician’s inhumanity to his oppo nents makes the Lord knows how many thousands mourn ! The democratic papers throughout this State—without, so tar as we have seen, a single exception—arousing all their strength to convince us that the recent election news from the Atlantic States was not, after all, so very cheering to the American party, and by no means sufficient to cause the exultations and re joicings that have been heard among the members of the secret order. This is a species of political injustice— not to say downright cruelty —which should not be tamely endured by the independent press. This is the “land of the free and the home of the brave.” Triumphs and victo ries are things which we have been used to from the cradle; and “hollering,” shouting, bonfires, fire-crackers and booming of can non, are among our leading characteristics as a nation! These are privileges wdiich we have ever enjoyed. They are guaran tied to us by the Constitution of the coun try, and so long as we have strength to guide a pen, we shall pitch into any and all men who may dare to interfere with them. As regards the recent election returns from the Atlantic States—over which our Know Nothing brethren have, in the exu berance of their joy, thought proper to break the necks of champagne bottles, fire salutes and sing songs of glory—we early expressed an opinion. The man who could deny that those returns did not speak of Know Nothing triumphs would swear with an easy conscience that it did not rain yes terday. We therefore say, let the members of the successful party everywhere rejoice. When, sometime ago, the democrats in the Atlantic States raked down the American party, in certain portions of the Union, we told the brethren here in California to get jolly, toss up their hats and burn powder. Surely, now that the boot is on the other leg—now that victory perches upon the Know Nothing banner—we would be un worthy of our post, as a just and impartial looker on, not to defend them in their harm less little jubilee over the event. Of course then, we repeat, the day is theirs, and let them rejoice!” For the Georgetown News. Messrs. Editors:— Permit a reader thro' your colums, to correct some paragraphs that have beeu going the rounds of the newspapers and which contain several er rors concerning Marshall, said to be the first discover of gold in California. In the first place, for two years prior to the last six months, Marshall has been delv ing in the earth for gold like other miners, about six miles northeast of Georgetown, and he is not only not addicted to intem perance, but is a hard-working industrious man, peaceable and harmless in his charac ter. For a long time he has been the vic tim of a belief in what is known as Spirit ualism, and has been guided in his opera tions by the supposed directions of invisible beings. About two years since he was imposed upon by a fellow named Lucas, who lived here well dressed and idle to the wonder of many of our citizens, but 'who acted as “medium” in a party of Spiritualists, and lived at ease upon the sweat of Mar shall’s brow; the Spirits, through him, keep ing poor Marshall hard at work in quest of greater wealth. Some citizens of San Francisco will recollect Lucas also. So much for Marshall who is not as he is gen erally believed to be, the real discoverer of gold in California. The first discoverer of gold in California now lives at Coloma, and is Peter Weimer. Weimer came over the plains with his wife in 1846, and came in over the Truckec route. He stopped at Coloma and hired to Sutter and Marshall, who were about erecting a saw mill at that place; and he while working, and not Marshall, found, and now has possession of the first parti cles of gold found in the mill-race. On the principle that manufacturers who are capitalists and not mechenics, receive premiums for excellencies in goods and ar ticles exhibited by them, while the artisan who has produced them remains unknown and unrewarded, except as for toil, Mar shall is entitled to the credit and advan tage, (if there ever be any,) of the discov ery of gold. As a matter of history, how ever, the correction should be made, and the name of Peter Weimer should be known as that of the first discoverer of the gold of California. If it be said that it is strange this has not been known before, I say that those who know Nr. Weimer will not, nor do think it strange; for he is the last man in the world to “ blow his own horn,” or to intrude himself upon anvbody, much less upon the public. Truly yours, For tiie Georgetown News. Yolcanoville, Nov. 29,1855, Messrs. Editors:— l arrived in town the other evening just in time to witness a most enthusiastic gathering of the citizens of the the place; such an one as could only be called forth by men burning to vindicate the moral reputation of their town, assailed, I am told, by the malignant pen of an anon ymous scribler. The feeling pervading the assembly was evidently of spontaneous growth, and evinced a fixed determination to place in their true light all sorts of mis representation, whether as regards mines or morality. Resolutions were unanimously passed denunciatory of the correspondent of the Union relative to the bull and bear fight, and the scenes which subsequently occurred. The citizens of Yolcanoville have of late regarded themselves as but too truly the victims of the jealousy of neighboring towns, and this deraoustjation was adjudged a ne cessary step towards future protection.— From the few items which your correspon dent has availed himself of in conversations with prominent citizens, he is induced to draw the most flattering conclusions as to the future prospects of this most thriving village. As one evidence of the increasing moral tone, I am told that a church is in contemplation of erection, its site to be on a gentle slope of ground to the rear of the town and directly overlooking the Oregon. The propriety of the location is at once ap parent; and I will here remark that large as is the surrounding population, there exists but one house of ill-repute, and that receives nightly not more than forty or fifty visitors. It is gratifying, too, to behold the indus trious habits so eminently characteristic of Yolcanoville. In sauntering yesterday through the streets, I certainly did not ob serve more than twenty idle persons, and when we take in consideration the size of the place and the general confidence and credit which happily exists, this number must appear remarkably limited. At all events no higher tribute could be paid to the wisdom and forethought of our legisla tors in the enactment of the moral laws of the last session. Quartz mining is now the main feature of Yolcanoville; and on this, principally, the most knowing ones are prepared to base its future greatness. Other and more de tailed accounts have reached you of the persevering enterprise of those noted opera tors, Messrs. Nugues & Baker. A walk through the present field of their operations must doubless convince the most skeptical that their immense outlay of capital is des tined to a speedy and rich remuneration.— Their system of working the quartz—neces sarily extensive—is in some respects stri kingly original; and whatever faults have hitherto existed, time will ultimately reme dy. I am further informed that arrangements are being made for the construction of six additional mills on principles altogether novel. They will consist of Smith’s rotary engines of ninety horse power each, and cal culated to run from fifty to sixty stampers; Phillips’ patent metallic platina coated. — Much speculation is afloat as to the result of this tremendous experiment. If success ful, it will probably prove the dawn of a new era in quartz. There are now some thing less than 300 employees engaged in and about the mills; the major portion will probably be installed in domicils of their own before the commencement of the ensu ing year. Houses varying from a cost of 85 to SSOO are springing up in every di rection, and , though now but a mere suburb of Yolcanoville, may ultimately re alize the by no means visionary ideas of its founders. Placer and hill mining items are interest ing and abundant. Messrs. Boring & Co., of the Gophir tunnel have already struck dirt averaging from 85 to 850 to the pan. They are now negociating with certain San Francisco capitalists for the introduction of Baxter’s famous mammoth drilling appara tus, so ably described by a late correspond ent of the ‘Alta.’ As soon as these numer ous experiments are in active operation, Yolcanoville will be (to use the slang phra seology of the day) some pumpkins of a town. But then, Messrs. Editors, the peo ple are not a boasting, self-glorifyiug set, and they rightly consider that that light is purest and best which shines with its own, not borrowed splendor. I was much surprised and interested in one of ray recent excursions to come upon the Great Cave, situated near the head of Hunter’s gulch, ten miles N. E. of the town. Explorations have already been made to a depth of some 800 feet, and a deposit of clams, live clams, Messrs. Editors, has actu ally been encountered. Thousands have congregated from surrounding parts to wit ness this singular phenomenon, and Mr. Hacker, the discoverer and owner, is now looked upon as the living representative of this most remarkable age. I will add in this connection, that the aforesaid intrepid adventurer has caught glimpses in the forest of another curious species of bear, which he is sanguine of entrapping, and with com mendable liberality intends presenting to i the San Francisco Academy of Natural header. Sciences. Said bear is described as double the size of an ordinary grizzly; the skiu striped somewhat after that offca tiger, the stripes, however, running rather ina°zig-z ag direction. The ears are exceedingly I OD p reaching nearly to the ground, and the eyes are wonderfully He walk* with a singularly rapid gait, and emits a sound between that of a bull and a bear You will doubtless have the full benefit of his majesty’s appearance in Georgetown be fore the expiration of many weeks. In my next I will give you a full account of the allied manifestation that teas, and the I masquerade ball that is to be. In the for mer Yolcanoville has produced something second only to the demonstration in Sun Francisco Besides it was agreeably cos ; mopolitan in its character, representatives from Chinadom, Niggerdom, and Digger dom, exchanging mutual congratulations with the Anglo Saxon and Gaul. A splen did banquet was set in a grove in the envi rons, and the details of the ceremonial will no doubt thrill of joy to the sonlg 0 f the heroes of the Crimea. Muciio Mas. Centreville, Dec. 6th, 1855. Editors Georgetown News:—Having observed in your paper a few weeks a general invite to all to give through your columns any information concerning min. I ing, &c., and that such would be thankfully received, and, for the benefit of tho many miners who are out of employment and have no show for the present winter, I would take this opportunity to give a few facts that have come under my own observation during the few days that I have been stop ping here. Centreville is situated on the Sacramen to road, about nine miles below Greenwood. Owing to the difficulty of obtaining water for the past two or three years, it has been looked upon as being of no account, but since the Pilot Creek Ditch Company have entered the project of extending their ditch through here at a great expense, this place has awakened from its apathy and now bids fair to shortly become a thriving town.— The diggings here are mostly surface, cov ering an extent of hundreds of acres, and ' ns much more that still remains unprospect ed on account of the impossibility of get | ting water to it, as the flume at this place is some twenty-five feet too low. There is ground enough here that will handsomely remunerate after paying for water, one thousand men for the next six months.— I There are now at this place nearly one hun | dred men, all ot whom have been waiting' ■ for water for !he las* two years to work • their claims. They have been promised wa ' ter time and again from different sources, i but they have all tailed, as the expense wav ! looked upon as being great for such a gi gantic enterprise. The Pilot Creek Com pany, however, with their indomitable per se\ erance, saw the utility of such an oper ation, and that it would be a good invest ■ raent to the stockholders of the company,as well as a great advantage to the miner. A few words in regard to the progress of the place for the last few weeks and I am ; done. I should judge there were at this time one hundred fifty mining camps in this vicinity, and more going up every day. — j There arc four Stores, one Hotel, three or four Boarding Houses, a Livery Stable and likewise a Billiard Saloon that is now be ing built. Having thus far given you a brief narra tion of lacts, I will draw to a close, hoping that at some other time I may have the pleasure of giving, through your columns, such information as may prove an advan tage to the many. Yours, Ac. H- Stockton Flouring Mills.—The sub joined statistics are from the California Farmer: The San Joaquin mill recently erected by Y in. Neely Thompson, of San Francisco, is a large three story brick mill with six run j of stone; four for wheat, one for barley, and i one for middlings. The mill is driven by a tine engine of seventy-five horse power— | a half-beam engine, as they are termed; we I believe this is only one of the kind in any 1 m *b bi the country. This mill, which runs day and night, turns out two hundred and twenty-five barrels per day, and the flour finds ready sale. Stockton City Mill is a large wood struc ture, with brick warehouse. The mill has four run of stone, steam engine of thirty horse power, and turns out one hundred bar rels per day—very superior flour. This mill uses Grimes’ smut mill, and runs day and night. A. Burkett, miller. He Pa rnates the grain to fall short about three pounds to the bushel, from last year. The Avenue Mills have three run of stone —two for wheat, and one for barley. They also use Grimes’ Smut Mil], and turn out seventy-five barrels per day, very superior flour. They believe the grain falls three pounds short in weight this year to the last. H. S. Sargent & Co., owners of these mills, use the Sander’s Winnower and Blower, the Harrison stone. These also run nigh* and day, and find a ready market for all they can do. The above three mills turn out “four hun dred barrels of superfine flour per day,’ aD( ' all find a ready market—so as to rcqm re their running all the time. This well for the State.