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Has largest circulation Best advertising medium It pays the Business Man to Advertise in the Ledger, Magazine Section. MONEY FOR POLITICS. LEGISLATION TO PROHIBIT COR PORATIONS MAKING CAM" ■ PAWN PAYMENTS. Question of Taxinc Patent Medicines to Be Discussed by Concress — One Method'Sueeested to Meet Deficit- There are prospects that two pieces of legislation will be strongly advo cated at the coming session of Con gress, both of which, however, will be vigorously opposed. They relate to the !ES-SENATOR W. E. CHANDLER I practice of making political contribu j tions and to the question of taxation : upon certain patent medicines, al though this latter is but a feature of the general subject of overcoming the [Treasury deficit. It is expected that the President will refer in his annual message to the question of campaign contributions, end it is known that there are many Senators and Representatives who would favor prompt action in the en actment of prohibitive legislation. I Chandler's Bill to Prohibit Con- ' L_. - tributions. ',-.> As far back as 1901, Senator Chand ler of New Hampshire, introduced a bill to prohibit those national banks or . corporations which do an interstate or foreign business from making any po litical contributions, and to prohibit any corporations from contributing to campaigns involving the election of United States Senators and Represen tatives. The bill was almost imme diately favorably reported to the .Sen ate, but it was near the end of the Ehort session and it failed of passage. , The evident fact that it could not be | taken up and passed may account for the entire lack of opposition to it. iWhat strength will develop against such a measure this winter is problem atical. It is no secret that many cor porations regularly contribute to both ; political parties. Mr. Havemeyer, of ! the sugar trust, has declared in plain language that he has contributed to I the Democrats and Republicans alike. Publishing the Donations. The discussion next winter is likely to centre largely around the Presi dent's plan for the publication of all campaign contributions, with a view to framing such a law as will prevent money, from being spent for corrupt practices. Every one recognizes that in order to have the great political issues properly contested there is a certain need of money. The publica tion and distribution of speeches and all classes of literature is quite gen- I erally regarded as not to be condemned, but as of advantage in having thr j Questions of the day properly under-, 1 stood by the voters. j Leaders in Congress are but a unit ! in declaring that it is only when money is expended in order to corrupt voters that the expenditure can be crit icised. But it is generally believed that this subject will give rise to an im mense amount of debate in the next Congress. There are a score of Sena tors and_ a large number of Represen tatives who will wish to go on record Baying things about the corporations and the practice of corporations mak . ing contributions to political cam paigns. Propose Tax On Medicines. The question of the taxation of pat ent medicines, which contain consider able alcohol, is bound to receive seri ous consideration by Congress, espe cially if the present rate of the Treas ury deficit continues. The deficit is running about $5,000,000 a month now, which is considerably less than last year, still it is possible that it may increase to an annoying extent and necessitate some action by Congress. There has been a number of extra ex penses which has caused the deficit, and there are other extra expenses ahead, while it is, of course, not certain to what extent Congress will increase or pare down appropriations. A num ber of congressional leaders have had in mind, as a partial increase in the revenue desired, a tax on patent medi cines, Patent Medicine Men Will Fight. The Commissioner of Internal Rev enue has been called upon for unofficial information and an opinion on these non-revenue producing alcoholics. The patent medicine people recognize that a fight is ahead and they propose to meet it. They will resist efforts to impose special taxes upon them, claim ing with apparent force that the alco hol used in their medicines has al ready paid its tax. The Amador Ledger. REAL HEART OF THINGS. Its Found Not in the Great Cities ; But in Country Homes. "In time the great cities may be come dominant, but it will be many years hence, and I would b% sorry should I live to see the day/ said James J. Hill, President of . the Great Northern railroad. "The national wel fare depends upon the prosperity of the farm lands, the mining districts, the lumber camps— not on the growth of big cities. The agricultural inter ests in particular represent the great est strength of the country, and will for many years to come. Yet men stand appalled at the spec tacle of a metropolis. Let us take .New York, as our most striking ex ample — where the visitor gapes at the crowded markets, the endless traffic, the hurrying throngs, the skyscrapers, the roaring factories, the bustle of commerce, all the urban ' reek and riot, and heedless of what lies behind, the hidden motor power, cries: "Here is the heart of things; here is the pulse of the national life; here the life blood of the nation centers, life blood which.flowing through the veins of commerce, gives vigor to all the land." New York, the heart of the country? Rather New York the par asite—the blood sucker. A Giant Exhibition. At best, New York is but a monster exhibit of the products of mines, farms, cattle ranges, mills and factor ies, and of the rural homes where gen ius is born, nourished and inspired. What more speaking symbol of these things than the city's skyline. In it self that skyline of marvelous archi tecture, save as it excites wonder, ad miration and a sense of enterprise and activity amounts to nothing. What it signifies in each ascention and depres sion is the comparative values of the country's material resources. Concisely, it represents capital, la bor apd raw material. Of these three the. city produces not one — in appreci able quantity. The raw material, the men to handle it, the gold to buy and sell the finished product, come out of the ground and from the open spaces. New York, Chicago, St Louis, or any other city, has its inception in the open country, and its existence is and ever will be dependent upon the latter. None recognizes this more quickly than the city man. He knows from experience that the city suffers first, last and most from any national dis aster. To go no further back than the coal strike of three winters ago— New THE REAL HEART OF THINGS York faced for weeks a coal famine that paralyzed her activities and al most killed her poor. Manufacturers could not secure enough fuel to run. their plants and women on the "east side"i>aid ten cents for as much coal as would fill a quart pail. The suf fering in this city was out of all pro portion to that of the rest of the coun try. All food products come from the outside. New York uses three million eggs every day, aad beef arrives in wbole train loads daily. The city must go to the country for its building ma terials, for- wool, cotton, everything that is needed to run its factories, stores and banks. Dependent on the Country. The reckless expenditures of the city dweller are continually giving rise to the question, "Where does the mon ey come from?" From the country, of course. Every wild-cat scheme that is hatched in New York, from Wall Street to Madison Square, in augurates its proceedings by send ing circulars . into the country, to catch the dollars of the farmer. The operations of the stock ex change are all based on the condi tion of the country. A short wheat <rrop, a slump in the production of pram, or the prospect of one, turns the floor of the Exchange into a pande monium. Year by year the eyes of the moneyed interests are turned to the earth, figuratively speaking, and the keenest minds of the metropolis are speculating as to what success the farmer is going to have with his crops. The results of that speculation involve millions of dollars. All the country knows what happens in New York when the cotton crop fails. The beef strike last year caused meat to van ish from a million family dining tables in New York city. In summer eggs at 3oc a dozen are t«» expensive as an article of diet for more than half the city's population. Material and money she gets from the outside; and rarely, indeed, does JACKSON, AmADOR COUNTY, CAL., OCT, 27, 1905. she even produce the men to handle them. A glance at biographies will show that lujr captains of industry, merchant princes, men of art, profes sions, laborers, are "country bred, from A. T.' Stewart (to go no further back) to the Rockefellers, Clewes, Depews. and all the rest of the present day leaders. Even The People From The Country. Dr. John H. Girdner, an eminent New York physician, said recently: "Build a wall around New York city illow no new men to enter, and in fifty years the city will depopulate itself. This city makes too many demands upon those who live and work in it. Thousands drop out each month. It is the ffesh country people flocking here day by day that furnish the, brains, sinews and pluck to carry the metrop olis to its destiny. Its success in the past has been due to this out-of-town element and will continue to be." "Men, men, men," is the constant cry that New York sends out over the country and the response is adequate, eager and satisfying. It is in this fact that assurance of the city's still greater advance lies. Capital flow ing in from the country made Wall street a by-word to all the world. Material drawn from the coun try has made her the greatest man ufacturing town in the United States. Men attracted from the country have made her financial mistress of the western hemisphere. Cities Not Self-Dependent. Not only is she dependent upon the open spaces for meni material and money, but even for trade. As com pared to the amount of money spent in this city by out of town buyers, the sum expended by its own inhabitants dwindles into insignficance. In recog nition of this, the Merchants Associa tion of New York annually arranges with railroads for cheap transporta tion, and with hotels for rock bottom rates, and runs excursions to gathgr in the out-of-town buyers. During the month of August over 400 buyers from the south and west were in New York, and during Septem ber this number largely increased. Reckoning under the average of past years each merchant spent more than $10,000, and thus through the efforts of the Merchants Association alone more than $400,000,000 is left in the city each year. But this is merely a fraction of the trade which the city receives from the rest of the country A conservative ■ estimate places the gross income at $1,250,000,000. , Each American city is a clearing house for the rural or mining district surrounding it, and New York the main clearing house for the whole country. All the mighty spectacle of commerce is merely the dramatic and gorgeously staged representation of the nation's money, material and men, which build up the metropolitan mech anism and set it in motion". Prehistoric Sealpture. An idea of the small brain capacity of primitive man can be gathered from a crude stone head, now on ex hibition, which was recently found in a field at Moriches, Long Island. The head, while crude in its work manship, is pronounced by ethnolo gists as doubtless true to nature— a representation of some savage and prehistoric people who lived ages ago. The head is not a particularly pleas ing bit of sculpture, as it calls up a vision of men and women with small brain development and huge repulsive jaws but a degree above the other animals. . • i Fortunes in Church Steeples. It is the opinion of Rev. Dr. Forbes, Secretary of the Board of Extension of the Methodist Episcopal Church, that enough money has been expended, or it may be said wasted, In building steeples, to pay off all the church debts of the country. Besides, he says, steeples are a relic of barbarism, and money used in their construction can be more usefully expended. A good many people will hardly agree with the reverend doctor in his opinion that church steeples are useless or serve no good end. Grace and beauty are lent to thousands of otherwise common place looking towns and cities by the spires rising here and there from their midst. Everything cannot be strictly utilitarian, and if a thing serves to please the eyes and senses of hundreds or thousands of people, it is far from being useless. THEATRE TRUST WAR. THE INDOMITABLE BELASCO GIV ING THE SHOW COMBINE A FIGHT FOR ITS LIFE. Threatened With Extinction, He Has Organized an Opposition Which Has Attracted Some of the Bright est of the Theatrical Stars. David Belasco for a number of years has been waging a war against the theatrical trust. He ' has ; beer assisted in years past by Minnie Mad dern Fiske, the wife of Harrison Grey Fiske, ownec and editor, of the Dram atic Mirror. This year the Shubert Brothers broke off all business rela tions with Klaw and Erlanger, the moving spirits of the theatre trust,and now a combination with a capital of $1,500,000. of Belasco, Harrison Grey Fiske, John C. Fisher, Frank L. Per !ey and the Shubert Brothers has been formed, acquiring about thirty thea tres, extending from Boston to St.Lou is, in which they might produce theat rical productions without the dictum of the trusts. David Belasco, ever since his sever ance of relations with the trust has made strenuous efforts to acquire a theatre in the nation's capital, as he has found that the cosmopolitan na ture of its people assists him greatly in determining whether new produc- BLANCn BATES, One of Belasco's Stars. tions will be a success or not. In Sep tember, however, announcement was made that he, in conjuntion with the Shubert Brothers, had acquired con trol of the Lafayette Theatre in Wash ington, and also had taken up a 99 year lease on the ground on which the theatre is built, 1 giving them absolute possession of the property. A Famous Theatre Site. Lafayette Theatre is a comparative ly modern playhouse, and occupies the site on which formerly stood the Sew ard mansion, in which Secretary Sew ard of Lincoln's cabinet lived when an attempt was made to assassinate him the same night President Lin coln was shot In later years the house was occupied by Secretary Blame. Last year David Belasco found all theatres in the national capital with closely barred doors. He was arrang ing to make the initial production of "Adrea," Mrs. Leslie Carter's latest success, and found no building in Washinaton suitable for a conversion into a theatre.except Convention Hall, probably the largest auditorium south of New York, and in years previous used for an ice palace, for six day bi cycle races, athletic meetings, and other institutions requiring great space. This had a hall some 150 feet in length by 125 feet in width, with a roof carried on huge semi-circular ar ches rising to a height of nearly fifty feet above the floor. Such a barn as this Mr. Belasco in a few days con- DAVID AMD GOLIAH. From Life. verted into a modern playhouse through the magic touch of gold, which he has found to be the most of fensive and defensive weapon against the combine. Money Spent Like Water. The regulations of the District of Columbia- to protect theatre patrons against the danger of fire, are ex trem,ely rigorous, and it was these that the trust used as a weapon to thwart Belasco in his endeavor to have this last production first appear in Washington as have other plays, which are known as general successes. The burden of expense for this work did net fall upon the owners of Con vention Hall, but npon Mr. Belasco, who paid, in order to make this hall into a modern fire-proof theatre, an amount aggregating nearly $25,000. The present theatrical combine or "trust," had first conducted a legiti mate booking syndicate, charging for the service five per ceut.of the prof its, an enterprise advantageous alike to actor and manager. . The success of this plan opened a larger vista of profit, and the securing of all the thea tres in the country has led to the de struction of competition with the two formidable exceptions noted. In the other theatres the manager has be come the "janitor," while the syndicate dictates prices, attractions, and other features. - . Loosing the Does of War. But it is now war to the knife be tween the two forces, trust and anti trust, thrust and anti-thrust Wheth er the trust will be successful and absorb the independents, remains to be seen. Probably 'not so long as it has to deal with men who know their actor proteges, know the method of the trust know how to produce a play with unsurpassed taste and know that the American people will pay admis sion to witness an incomparable pro duction all the more willingly because of the herculean efforts made to pre sent it to them. • Belasco, in the new combination which he has organized seems to have gotten his knife well in between the ribs of his antagonist and is beginning already to twist it vigor ously. ENVLTtONMENT A MOULDER Of CHARACTER. H. S. BIGELOW The other day I saw a group of boys carefully scanning a theatre poster. •The picture showed a man in the act of Blunging a dagger in the throat of a woman. The boys did not run or scream. But their eyes were big and the intensity of their faces showed that the horror of the picture was not lost upon them. Near by were two younger children playing together in the gutter. Their faces were smeared with the mud made by the dish water running over the sidewalk, and the children were amusiag themselves floating cigar stumps in the disgusting pool. . . ' ■ Reflecting upon that sad sight there came to mind other childhood scenes. There stood out in memory a little lake that nestled among the hills where sweet-breathed cattle browsed and where the branches of great trees were mirrored in crystal waters. There were the boathouse and the swimming hole and the spring-board; and there were summer nights, too, when the leaves were still and stars were bright and the spirit of the child looked up in silent wonder. In the race of life, in the contest of physical endurance, in the moral tests that come, that child has not a fair chance who has sprung out of the mud of the streets. To know the breath of lilacs and the rustle of autumn leaves, to be up with the lark, to wet one's feet in the dew of the pasture, to go to bed with the song of the whip-poor-will— these mem ories are like guardian angels. The children whose horizon is a brick wall, who must play on cobble stones and go swimming in the canal and be chased by the police, if they do not grow up to be ideal citizens, shall we, of holier 'memories, sit in judg ment upon them? Shall we not remem ber their bonds? Worse .Than Tobacco Cigarettes. London is reported to be in the throes of a new vice— a vice which is not only getting society into a turmoil, but is also attracting the attention of the medical fraternity. It is the tea-leaf cigarette habit— one in which women are becoming the chief adepts, and which they find great difficulty in over coming. Once the taste for the new "weed" is acquired, it is said the sen sation of smoking tea cigarettes is quite pleasant. Dizziness is caused by constant smoking and the victims clutch madly for invisible and imaginary objects to support them selves. They finally drop in an ex hausted and stupefied condition, and then follows that wild state of dream land said to be as varied as that caused by powerful narcotics. Every reader of this paper should have this book. Cut off the coupon and mail to us with $1.50. Illustrated Ui>/ Wls&ir $*' a c n ■ ■ ■ **^Vi V lOoili&illi Pushed August Ist Haskell ™° USAND nPl^i#=* All Bookstores. M issourian The romantic adventures of John Dinwiddie Driscoll (nicknamed "The Storm Centre at the Court of Maximilian in Mexico, where his secret mission comes into conflict / with that of the beautiful Jacqueline. The best romantic American novel of re- / cent years. /&' "Has what so few of its class possess, the elements of reality: Krought X^^' by infinite pains of detail, verisimilitude, suggestion." / -*<?^ . -St. Louis Republic. / ■&L<&4<&^ A remarkable first book, of epic breadth, carried through un- / <s.° suxrvingly. A brilliant story."-X. Y. Times Saturday Review / <>> 4> "SV" <£* , "There is no more dramatic period in history, and the / V^To*Cs*o*t? •• story bears every evidence of careful and painstaking / J>a .•!*".* DOUBLEDAY, PAGE & CO. A^^^^4 133-137 East 16th St., New York. />^ « .^^ .-^&' J JOB PRINTING, CITY RATES You can get your Billheads Letter Heads, etc. printed at the Ledger for less than you can buy blank stock for else where. Envelops, per 1000. - - $3.00 Posters, 1-4 sheet, 50 for - 1.50 " Half sheets " ■ 2.00 MART, MOTHER OF WASHINGTON Handsome Monument Erected by Patriotic Citizens. The monument of Mary Washing ton, the mother of George Washing ton, stands on the western side of Fredericksburg, Virginia, almost und eu, the shadow of Marye's Heights, of bloody Civil War memory. Mary, Washington died of cancer, August 25, 1789. It was in Ap.ril that year, that Washington rode from Mount Vernon, to say farewell— a final farewell— to his mother before starting for New. York to be Inaugurated first . Presi dent of the United States. In a let ter to his sister Betty Washington,' who lived in Fredericksburg, Wash ington wrote, after learning of hia mother's death, "When I was last in Fredericksburg I took my final leave of my mother, never' expecting to sea her more." ■ j Neglected Tomb. < For a hundred years the grave of this good woman lay unprotected, on what had been part of the farm of her daughter Betty Washington, but which became a common of the city of Fredericksburg. For half a cen tury the grave was marked by a little stone slab, but this -disintegrated, and disappeared. Various fruitless efforts were made to build a monu ment, and in 1830 a New York bank er, Silas E. Burroughs, offered to give an elaborate monument The corner stone was laid with imposing cere monies by President Andrew Jackson, but Burroughs met with financial re- MONUMENT TO MARY WASHINGTON. verses and the work on the monument was suspended. In 1889 some patri otic women formed the Mary Wash ington Monument Association, and by subscription erected the monument after buying the land in which the bones of Washington's mother rest A Story on Balzac. The French alienist, EsquiroL on being asked by a student, is there any sure test by which the sane can be distinguished from the insane? invited his questioner to dine with him and observe. , When the student entered the dining room two other guests were present one an elegantly-dressed and apparently highly educated man, while the other was somewhat un couth, noisy and extremely con ceited. As the pupil bid his host good. night, he remarked: "The prob lem is very simple after all ; the quiet, well-dressed gentleman is certainly distinguished in some line, but the other is evidently a lunatic, and ought to be locked up at once." Smiling at his pupil, Esquirol told him that he was wrong. "The quiet well dressed man," he said, "who talks so rationally, has for years labored under the delusion that he is God, the Father, while the other is M. Honors de Balzac, the greatest French writec of the day."