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Amador ledger. (Jackson, Amador County, Calif.) 1875-19??, May 25, 1906, Image 5

Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside; Riverside, CA

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93052980/1906-05-25/ed-1/seq-5/

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Established November i, 1555.
■LAWYERS. I
mABOK & TABOR
Attorneys lit Law .
Stoll Building, Sacramento, Cal.
Special attention given to applications for
United States Mineral .Patents and Land and
Mining litigation. *
T W. CALDWELL
Attorney-at-Law
Jackson, Cal.
Will practice in all courts of the State
DOCTORS.
T\K. P. S. GOODMAN
Physician and Surgeon
SUTTER CREEK, CAL.
i
Diseases of women and children a specialty.
Office hours— l 2 to 2p, m. ; 7to9p. m.
i^ . ■ — —^^^-^— ~^~~
TYIt. T. D. M. QUINN .
rhysiclan and Surgeon
• AMADOR CITY, CAL.
Office hours— 2 to 4 and 7toSp. m. Telephone ,
at residence.
i
T\K- A. I'ARKEK LEWIS
Physician and Surgeon
SUTTER CREEK.
Office:— Werner Building - CAL.
.^ . — ■ i
Ti^ E. EXDICOTT, M. D.
Physician and Surgeon
Jackson, CAL. • " !
Office: Webb building. All calls promptly (
attended to at all times
TT\K. K. V. TIFFANY
Physician and Surgeon
■PLYMOUTH, CAL.
Office— House. Houks— B to »a. m., (
and 1 to 2 and 7 to 8 p. 111.
Telephone Main 41.
pvis. 1.. B. Phillips"
Physician and Surgeon
JACKSON CAL.
Office— Weil & Renno Building. Residence, ]
north Main street, opposite California ;
Hotel. .
Telephone No. 401. '
-pill. A. M. GALL .
Physician and Surgeon
; Jackson. Cal
Office in Marelia building. Main Street j
T-\K. 11. X. FREIMAN
Physician and Surgeon
SUTTER CREEK, CAL.
Offle hours— l 2 to 2 and 7to 8:30 p. m.
<
T\R. J. H. O'CONNOR
Physician anil Surgeon I
Formerly of Roosevelt Hospital and Vander- (
bilt Clinic, New York City. 1
Office and residence opposite the Methodist .
Church.
SUTTER CREEK, CAL.
A P. GRIFFIN, 1
Physician and Surgeon.
VOLCANO, CAL.
■ Phone No Calls promptly answered.
T^^T^^^^^^^- i
DENTISTS. 1
-pvlt. C. A. HEKRICIi (
DENTIST '
Jackson. Cal.
Office in Kay building. Hours from 9 a. m. to (
5 p.m.
:
T\U. ,IOU N" A. DELUCCRI
DENTIST
1
SUTTER CREEK, CAL.
Office Houbs: — 9 a. m. to 5 p. m.
:A. Malatesta !
•I BAKERY 5
• ■ SUTTER CREEK, CAL. •
• • BEST FAMILY- GROCERIES J
a French and American Bread, Pies, •
• Cakes, Cookies, etc. •
• Wagon visits Jackson on Tuesday, •
J Thursday and Saturday of each week. a
2 ' sep2 {
••••••••••••••••••••••••a*
College of Notre Dame
MARYSVILLE, CALIFORNIA.
Boarding and Day School conducted by the Sis-
ters of Notre Dame (Namur). Founded in 1856
The curiculum embraces all the branches of
a solid English education. Preparatory and
advanced courses In art. language and music.
For further information address
aptu-tf SISTER SUPERIOR.
J.GHIGLIERI&BRO.
Cosmopolitan Liquor Store
JACKSON GATE, CAL.
: Dealers and Jobbers in foreign and domestic
WINES, LIQUORS & CIGARS
SELECTED stock of Imported Goods. Choice
A California Wines, popular brands Eastern
and Domestic Beers; special bottling.
Havana. Key West and New York Cigars.
Bourbon, Rye. Sweet and Sour Mash Whiskies
of celebrated distilleries. ja2 ly
SAVED.
The A. Van derNailen
SCHOOLS OF ENGINEERING
Open in all Hranckhe.=.
Great demand for ex-students in all lines.
New students should enroll at once.
Address, 5100 Telegraph Avenue,
OAKLAND, CALIF. my 18
i i « •; i iff
T Tempi E. ![ ITempi E.
D Date. |a |] Date. i !■=
i iL.;H.j 2 I! ]L. ;H.i 2
[ay l(Ofl).J 45! 70:.... 17(06).! 44! 82:....
2 ! 49! 78 ....! i .18 : 42! 72!....
3 ! 49! 80!....!! .19 ! 48! 69:....
4 1 50! 80:....!: .20 : SO! 70: ....
5 ! 82! 75!. ...|i 21 ....! 43 : 72;....
6 ! 54 78!....!! 22 1 42; 72!....
7 i 57! 82!....!! 23 ; 43! 74:....
8 i 55! 81!.... i! 24:....! 44 05 ;
9 ! 55; 80!....!! 25 i 46 : 0.52
101 0 ! 40! 7010.84! 26 j : ! : !....
l li ! 44 Bl:0.M! 27 ! : ! : ....
121 2 1 4*: 80!. !! 28 j: { : !....
1 3 i 45: 68: !! 29 ! : ! : !....
U 144 64:0. 3U ! 30 1 :! : !....
151 5 ! 38! 74: !i 31 i : ! ..:
iff : sft : «c- ti I'll
The Amador Ledger.
CLARA ANDERSON
COMMITTED FOR INSANITY.
Sad Case of Jackson Girl.
Stockton Independent.
Judge F. 11. Smith held a session
in his department yesterday afternoon
for the purpose of presiding over the
examination of Clara Anderson of
Jackson, who arrived in Stockton
earlier in the afternoon attended by
Catherine Hoar, a trained nurse, who
bad charge of Miss Anderson while
she was under treatment in a sani
tarium in Livermore. The^complaint
against the young lady was sworn to
by the Key. F. A. Morrow ot Jackson,
who was also in attendance upon tbe
court as a witness. The examination
was conducted by Drs. Haggles and
Gibbons, who recommended that
Mias Anderson be committed to the
Stockton asylum.
The examination yesterday was of
more than ordinary interest for it
developed facts of an exceptional
nature regarding the history of the
unfortunate young woman. Her home
was in Jackson where she lived as the
adopted daughter of a man who out
O' kindness had taken her away from
her parentw, who are alleged to have
been profligates and not only unable
but unwilling to care for their child.
In early years Miss Anderson develop
ed studious habits and upon express
ing herself as desirous of obtaining
an education, her guardian exerted
every effort in her behalf and afford
ed her all educational advantages,
expending some SloOO therefor.
It is only a matter of mouths since
she finished a course at the University
of California. It was here that her
mind first began to fail her and since
then she has fallen into a mental
lethargy that leaves her in suob a
condition that she cannot remember
the familiar faces of those with whom
she lived for many years. She is an
accomplished musician and tor several
years was organist in the church at
Jackson directed by the 1-tev. Morrow.
■She is a pretty woman with an intell
igent countenance, a dignified bear
ing, and so conducts herself tbat tbe
most careful observer could not
identify her as an insane person.
The witnesses yesterday said that
she suffered from religious mania.
t-'or hours she is known to have knelt
in some isolated place wrapt in
prayer. Those under whose care she
was had no control over her, and
when in prayer or meditation she
wonld refuse to move or obey. It is
with difficulty that she is fed and ot
late tubes have been resorted to in
order to get proper nourishment iv
her system. She often dashes into
the street unclothed. She is destruc
tive and has a mania for breaking
dishes and tearing pictures found by
her hanging on a wall. Those ex
amined yesterday say they tear she
will commit suicide, for although
they cannot recall any specific act in
this behalf, yet they believe from
what she has said that she will commit
violence upon herself any time the
opportunity is afforded. She was
removed to the Stockton hospital yes
terday afternoon in charge of a nurse
and Deputy Sheriff McCulloch.
(Some of tbe statements in the above
article, wbicb is correct in Jtbe
main, should be corrected. Miss
Anderson came to California with
her relatives by marriage, many years
ago. She was then but a child, and
made her home with her married
sister, Mrs W. b. Gilbert, for several
years. She was thereafter adopted
iuto tbe tamily of B. W. Bright, of
this town, who bore tbe expense ot
her education, and also of her care
and treatment iv the sanitarium.
Kealiziug there was little hope for her
recovery, he reluctantly consented to
her examination and commitment
for insanity. Rev. I' 1 . A. Morrow
made the complaint as Mr Bright, her
guardian, preferred not to do so him
self.
Queer Facts About Steel.
Although the steel and iron indus
try is one of the mightiest of the
world and otfeis such rewards that
some of the greatest chemists and
other scientists study nothing else,
there are lots of apparently simple
puzzles about it that no one has been
able to solve yet. The man who dis
covers tbe right answer to one or more
of them may maks 81,000,000 out of it.
Every one who handles steel knows
that it gets "tired" at times. After
a piece of steel has been subjected to
a severe strain tor a certain period it
may suddenly show a decided weak
ness. Then the experts say that it is
tired; and so it is, for it is allowed
to rest a wbile and it regains its old
strength.
Hecoutly it has been tonud that a
steel beam can be made stronger by
increasing tbe load an it gradually —
in other words, by exercising it just
as a man exercises his muscles when
he wishes to make tbem stronger.
Very often new steel will not pass
tests that it should pass, but after a
few weeks it is found that it has
grown better and passes tbe tests
beautifully. Then, again, steel that
was perfect when it was tested often
gets "sick." it cracks or becomes
brittle, although other steel made at
the same time in the same way re
mains perfectly good. No man knows
today why these things happen, but
lots of people are trying to find out,
says an exchange.
A Guaranteed Cure for Files.
itching, blind, bleeding, protruding
piles. Duggists are authorized to
refund money if Pazo Ointment fails
to cure in G to 14 days. 50c.
All kinds of harness from 815 up at
Pete Piccardo's.
JACKSON, AMADOU COUNTY. CALIFORNIA. FRIDAY. MAY 25, 1906.
Washington
Letter.
(From Our .Regular Correspondent. 1
Washington D. C. May 12, 1906.
As the rate hill is shaping itselt in
the final days of the struggle, it looks
as though the amended measure when
it goes back to the house would be
much more diastic than the original
Hepburn bill. One of the most im
portant of tho several amendments
that have been offered is that of
senator Spooner, oSered this week,
which aims to prevent^the endless
litigation that a court review of the
commission's findings [would entail.
To put his plan briefly as possible,
he provides that in case of an appeal
to tbe'eourts from the^findings of the
commission, the railroad shall pay
into court the difference between the
rate fixed and the rate complained of
with an additional six per cent inter
est on the money involved. In case
the court decides in favor of the com
plainant, the railroad is to pay the
difference and the six per cent inter
rest on the money so held up. This
would if enforced make the railroads
almost as anxious to conclude a case
as the shipper and would put an end
to dilatory motions and prolonged
hearings such as would otherwise be
sure to foiJow. It is even provided
that the payment shall be made to the
person who has in effect paid the
freight, even though he may not be
tbe actual shipper. This would work
in the case of a farmer who had sold
grain to an elevator based, as is fre
quently done, ou the freight charges,
to some central market point. In
that case the farmer would be the
beneficiary and would receive the
money instead of it going to the
elevator company.
But tbe Spoouer provision is not
nearly so drastic as the proposal of
senator McCumber to make rebating
punishable with fine and imprison
ment. This is avowedly a blow at tbe
Trusts, for wealthy men, who do not
care particularly about tine such as
any couit might impose, have a rooted
aversion to going to jail. Tbe pro
vision makes the penalty of rebating
a fine of three timos tbe amount paid
in rebates and imprisonment for not
more than five and not less than one
year. As if to clinch the matter and
to render the penalty as heavy as
possible, tbe statute of limitation,
which is in the nature of things only
three years, is extended to six years
in tbe mutter of rebates. The law is
of course not retroactive, as that
would be unconstitutional. But
evidence may reach back from tbe
time of the action for six years, not
of course antedating tbe passage of
the bill.
On the principle that half a loaf is
better than starvation, secretary Taft
is preparing a modification of the
Philippine tariff bill that comtem
plates a reduction of only fifty per
cent in the duties on Philippine rice,
sugar and tobacco. Other products
of the islands are to be admitted to
this oountry duty free. This step
would be of some practical advantage
to tbe islanders, but it would he
chiefly advantageous to tbe United
States as an educational step. It will
he recollected that there was a vigor
ous fight against the present reduction
of twenty-flve per cent in the Dingley
rates ""wheu that measure was first
enacted. It was claimed that the. bill
would injure if not kill the business
interests of the United States. It
has been tonnd that no barm resulted
and it would have been found that
no harm resulted had tbe Payne bill
passed, as it seemed at one time likely
to do. Hut if the fifty per cent re
duction is adopted and it is shown
that there is no harm done, then in
all probability the seventy-five per
cent reduction will come in time and
eventually free trade with the island*,
which is a natural evolution and one
hoped for by many, both the republi
cans and democrats in congress.
Oppunents of the free alcohol bill
are coming out of the brush, co to
speak, but tbe biggest one is still in
hiding. There was a hearing before
the senate committee this week of one
George Clapperton, representing the
wood alcohol interests of the north
west. It is just possible that in his
evidence Mr. Clapperton tried to kill
two birds-, for he came out frankly
and said that his opposition to the
bill was that it would kill the wood
alcohol industry. He said that there
was §15,000,000 of capital invested in
the business and that 15,000 men de
pended on it for a livlihood. He did
not say, which is probably the truth,
that both of these figures were largely
overstatements. But what he did say
was that there was no liklibood of
the bill hurting the Standard Oil
Company. Now of course from a
popular point of view this has been
one of tbe most attractive features of
the bill, to whack the Standard. But
Mr Clapperton says "tut, tut, the bill
will not touch tbe Standard, but it
will hurt us." This would render
cheap alcohol none tbe less attractive
to tbe public, but it would take away
somewhat from the glamor of the
bill. However, the Standard is keep
ing very still, after its method, when
ever it can, and there was a strong
suspicion at the Capitol that Mr
Clapperton might have been putting
in a sideways word for the Standard
and trying to render tbe bill less
attractive on the plea that it would
not burt tbe octopus after all.
Secretary Tatt and secretary Hoot
have both served notice on Panama
that they intend to have no revolu
tions to interfere with the work on
the canal.
The Bender Family
from Globe Democrat.
The recent failure to locate the
bodies of tbe notorious Bender family
in an abandoned"weirorTtheir'former
farm, near Cherry vale, Kan., brings
out a statement from J. K. Morgan,
a wealthy Indian Territory ranchman,
to the effect that the entire Bender
family was wiped out by cowboys in
"No Man's Land," shortly after their
disappearance from Kansas, following
tbe tracing of numerous mysterious
murders to thorn. *% Morgan has been
a cowboy in the west for forty years,
and has been located in the Creek
Indian nation, near Kellyville, for
the past twenty years, in the early
days it was his custom, in goiug to
and from his ranch with bunches of
cattle, to stop with the Bender family,
as be had kuowu^all of them lor some
time, and he gives it as his opinion
that the only reason he is alive to-day
is because on these trips he was always
accompanied by a force of cowboys
and teamsters. The' Benders only at
tacked and killed solitary travelers.
The murderous career of the Ben
ders was during the early 80s, ;in tbe
vicinity of Cherryvale," Kan. [Sus
picion finally pointed to them follow
ing the disappearance of Or. York, a
member of tbe Kanass legislature, and
at that time quite prominent in
Kansas politics. A brother of York
began a search tor him and traced
him as far as the Bender home. Here
tbe trail ended, and, calling upon
friends to assist him, York pushed
tbe search. One of the guns carried
by the party had a bayonet attached,
and in sticking this into tbe newly
plowed ground, one of the men struck
something that be knew was not
earth. An investigation revealed
the body of a murdered man and
within a snort time nine corpses were
unearthed, including that of Dr.
York.
Morgan, tbe ranchman, was a mem
ber of the vigilance committee that
started on the trail of the Benders.
He says that often when, passing tbe
Bender farm, he would see John
Bender plowing, and would ask what
be was doing, but never received a
satisfactory answer. It "developed
afterwards that Bender was plowing
so as to cover up tbe signs of a new
dug grave. Following the disappear
ance of Dr. York, and even before the
Benders had been suspected, a band
of searchers came to the Bender home
at night. Morgan was in tbe party.
They were told by Kate Bender, the
daughter, that they must not enter
the bouse as her mother was danger
ously ill and their entrance might
cause her instant death. Unsuspect
ing, the searching party withdrew,
and that night Benders left the
country, taking with them two teams
and wagons. Their absence, accord
ing to Morgan, did not become known
until the bawling of the calves on the
Bender farm attraoted the attention of
neighbors. The calves were starving,
having had nothing to eat since the
departure of the family.
Were Tracked to Atoka.
Muigan remained with the vigilantes
and participated in the search south
ward for the Benders. They were
tracked across the Verdigris river,
and as far into Indian Territory as
the present town of Atoka. Here all
trail ended, and tbe Benders at that
time escaped. Morgan says the Ben
ders had about a week's start of tbe
committee. Although tbe search was
continued for some time, it was
finally adandoned.
Some time later, according to Mor
gan, he had a cattle deal on with
cowman from "no man's land," the
present Beaver county of Oklahoma.
That region, at that time, was olaimed
by no state, nor by the government,
none claiming jurisdiction over it,
and it became the rendezvous for out
laws and criminals of all kinds. Ihe
Benders took refuge in that locality,
but evidently did not cease their
murderous work. The cowmen, with
whom Morgan was making a deal, told
him of an entire family being wiped
out by the cowboys, a short time
before, in "no man's land." He
described the entire family, and they
tallied exactly with the Benders, all
of whom Morgan knew well. The
cowmen stated that one of their num
ber was missing several days from
camp. They hunted for him, and
found his horse and saddle near a
desolate-looking home. Tbe inmates
denied any knowledge whatever of
the man, said they did not know to
whom tbe horse belonged. A search
about tbe premises, however, resulted
in his body being unearthed from a
new-made grave. The cowboys were
so incensed that they returned to the
house and killed the entire family.
Hanged Blacksmith Three Times.
Morgan says that before the trail of
the Benders was found, after their
sudden departure from Kansas, that
it was believed then, and is still his
belief, that a local blacksmith knew
all about the family. The vigilantes
hanged the man three times, in trying
to force him to reveal what he knew
regarding the benders, but he re
mained mute. Among the persons,
murdered byjtbe Benders, was a girl,
perhaps 11 years old, and who had
been buried with her father, whom
tbe Benders also killed. When these
bodies were unearthed by tbe vigil
antes, the position of the girl's body
bore evidence that she had been
buried alive. One boy was killed,
who had but 25 cents with which to
reward his murderers. He left bis
uncle's farm, expecting to be absent
form home only a day, but never re
turned. He had but recently come
from the east, and, although having
considerable money, he left it all
with his uncle on that day, taking
only a quarter, with which to buy
his dinner. Morgan tells ot one poor
fellow who was buried in a near-by
creek. In passing tbe spot he saw
a pair of boots, apparently in good
condition protruding from tbe mud
and water. He made an investiga
tion, and found the corpse of a mur
dered man.
The members of the vigilantes were
men, mostly farmers, from Labette,
Montgomerry and Cherokee counties.,
Kansas. They were determined to
avenge the deaths of the nine persons
whose bodies they had unearthed on
the Bender farm. Had the Benders
been overtaken they would have met
instant death, and this is the fate
which it is generally believed was met
by the family. Several expeditions
have been fitted out at various times,
however, in search for the Benders,
and once within the past three yeais
the entire family was reported living
in New Mexico.
Notwithstanding the story of the
Benders, as related by Morgan, there
is one account of their flight, which
heretofore has generally been accept
ed as correct, to the effect that they
were overtaken near the Verdigris
river and ail killed by the vigilantes.
That with the exception of 'Old John'
Bender, the others met death bravely,
but that he confessed and grovelled
in the dust, asking that he be not
killed; that Kate Bender fought like
a tiger and had to be shot, the suppo
sition being that the others were
banged ; that she cursed the old man
tor his confession and for being a
coward.
All the murders committted by the
Benders were for the purpose of rob
bery. Financial gain was their only
reason tor killing in cold blood each
solitary traveler that passed that way.
How many were killed will never be
known. Their main plan of operation
was to, murder a person while the vic
tim was sitting at the table eating.
The stranger was always given a chair
with his back to a curtain, which pre
sumably divided the room. Whether
in the daytime or at night, the light
so struck the curtain as to silhouette
the victim's body, and it was then au
easy task to locate the victim's herd
and strike him with an ax, while he
was the least suspecting. After the
first blow through the curtain with an
ax it was not difficult to liuish the
job. The bodies Mere buried after be
ing robbed.
An abandoned well on the old Bon
der farm near Mortimer, and ton
miles norh of Cherryvale, in which it
had been reported by Ur James A. De
MossJ:hat the bodies of the notorious
family were deposited and the well til
led with stones to a depth of 18 feet,
was overhauled recently, but no trace
ot the bodies was found. At a depth
of 18 or 20 feet the solid rock bottom
of the well was struck without disclos
ing anything relative to tbe bodies.
Dr. DeMoss, in a published statement
early in March last, said that he had
the word of one who claimed to have
been an eyewitness to the burial of
the bodies of the Benders in tbe well.
Assessor's Notice.
The county assessor hereby an
nounces tbat he will be at his office
iv Jackson, from now on for the pur
pose of assessing taxable property,
and receiving statements from pro
perty-holders. *
J. MARCH A NT,
County Assessor.
While tbe property loss in San
Francisco is probably much greater
than tbat caused by the great fire in
Chicago, which was 5190,000,U0J, the
area burned ovei is not much larger.
The burned district in Chicago em
braced 2,124 acres. The area swept by
flames in San Francisco was at first
said to be equal to seven square miles
or 2,5(30 acres.
The historical great fire of London
was comparatively small, as it burned
over an area of but 43C acres. Most
of the buildings destroyed were cheap
wooden structures. The burning of
Moscow in 1812 was a much greater
conflagration, and the loss was esti
mated at §150,000,000, but it saved
Russia from Napoleon. The fire losses
in Paris during the days of tho Com
mune have been estimated at SICO,
000,000.-Bee
Tor your Protection
we place this Libel on every
package of Scott's Emulsion.
The man with a lish on his back
is our trade-mark, and it in a
guarantee that Scott's Emul-
eion will do all that is claimed
for it. Nothing better for lung,
throat or bronchial troubles i;i
infant or adult. Scott's Emul-
sion is one of the greatest flesh-
builders knowu to the medical
world.
We'll send you a sample free.
scon & bowne, iM £e e^o B r t r et
SCIENTIFIC
MISCELLANY
Eeported weekly for the Ledger.
Height and Weight.— Whistling Drops.
—Progress in Dynamos.— Keeking
the Auto Busy.— Snail Smell.— A
Telescopic Kye.— Sugar lor New
Uses. — The Electric Safety Lamp.—
A New Gas-Lighter. --Portable Bal
loon Gas.
Tbe rule was worked out by Paul
Broca that a grown man's weight
should correspond with the number
of centimeters in his stature. Test
ing this formula hv data from 42,563
soldiers accepted for the service, a
German physiologist has shown that
it holds good for. little men— those
ranging in height from 151 to 159
centimeters, —but that in men of the
average height of 174 centimeters (5
feet 9>a inches) the body-weight is
under this standard, and that the
divergence increases with greater
height. Weight in the army is largely
influenced by previous occupation.
Men coming from sedentary work
clerks, tailors, saddlers, etc.,— gain
rapidly, wbile over fed confectioners,
bakers, butchers, and brewers lose as
quickly.
Tbe whistling tube of T. Terada, a
Japanese pbysicist.Jis of glass with au
internal diameter of one-flftb of an
inch and one end is drawn out to a
capillary point, while the other- is
connected to a weighted air- bag.
When the nozzle is wet with water,
olive oil or other liquid and then
blown through, a musical note of
definite pitch is produced, varying
with the size of the nozzle and the
quantity and nature of the liquid.
The bubble of liquid opens, and the
note is due to the vibration of its
edges. With a magnetic liquid, liko
iron chloride', the neighborhood ot a
magnetic field raises or lowers the
pitch.
In two decades the capacity of elec
tric generators has increased more
than a hundred-fold, while they pro
duce power with tour times tbe former
efficiency. The largest generator ot
twenty years ago was the 100 kilowatt
dynamo, belted to a 150 horse-power
eDgine, but dynamos now being built
have a maximum capacity of 12,U00
kilowatts.
The motor car ot a Paris firm is
designed to light the- country resi
dence of its owner or do other work
in its hours of rest from travel. The
car is immovably braked on two fixed
rails placed in the auto-bouse, tbe
detachable crank provided is removed
from the two-cylinder gasoline motor,
and by means ot a shaft with two
universal joints the motor is connect
ed with the dynamo or other machiuf
to be driven. While this arrange
ment promises to be especially useful
for furnishing electric light away
from the usual power stations, it may
prove a great convenience tor driving
pumps, wood saws, or other domestic
apparatus.
The strong sense of smell attributed
to the common snail has been found
by Prof. hj. Yung, of Geneva, to be
distributed over the entire body not
covored by the shell, the two pairs of
tentacles, the lips and the edges of
the feet being particularly sensitive
In the experiments made, a brush
dipped in various odorous substances
in turn was brought near the different
parts of the body, and responses were
noted at distances of one twenty-fifth
of an inch to several inches. Ouly in
exceptional cases was odor perceived
as much as 15 or 20 inches away,
showing tbat smell cannot guide these
creatures to food far removed.
A peculiarity of the eyeball ot the
mole is that it can be projected for
ward several times its own diameter
beyond the orbit and retracted iv like
manner. Dr. Lindsay Johnson notes
that this is necessary tor vision, as
the animal's dense fur so covers the
eye that the making of au opening is
the only way to see.
Inventive effort should be turned
into a new path by the ?20,000 prize
of French manufacturers for a new
application of sugar in the industries,
other than the "food industry. The
award is to be made after the French
consumption ot sugar is increased at
least 100,000 tons a year.
in his new safety incandescent elec
tric lamp, Dr. D. Tomassi, of Paris,
has sought to minimize the risk of
fire or explosion by the use of a
double globe, with provision for ex
tiuguishing the light in case either of
the glass coverings is broken. A
switch iv the o.uter globe is arranged
to close the circuit, lighting the
lamp, when subjected to air pressure.
The lamp is lighted by forcing in air,
and if the outer globe is accidentally
broken the reduction iv pressure will
cause the light to go out before the
inner globe is damaged. If the inner
globe breaks, the air iv the outer
globe will be similarly reduced in
pressure, opening the switch and
putting out the light. The lamp is
The children's friend—
if\ Jaync's Tonic Vermifuge
«fejffy^»-^^ Drives out blood impurities. Makes strong nerves and muscles.
ZEeE-^XD THIS.
MOST LIBERAL OFFER.
THE SAN FRANCISCO
EARTHQUAKE HORROR
MOUNT THIS BOOK, "just Irom the press, i 8
v • * one that you want. The columns
VJiibUvIUS printed describing the destruction of
ERUPTIONS San Fl 'ancisco and its surrounding cities
AND TUP -havo not told half the story. Then the
iVIN-U ltlti recent eruption of Mt. Vesuvius, dcs-
WORLD'S GREAT t'-O3 ing fair cities of Italy as it destoyed
DISASTERS Pompeii and Herculaneum in 79 A. D.,
rp a pti m at t v is fresh in every mind - Recountin e
unarmtALLl faithfully other events, the books is a
TOLD AND complete history of earthquahes,
RF 1 \ TT TTFTTT T V volcanoes and other great disasters
DShi\ UlltU Ijlj I tha( . have brought sorrow arj( j suffering
ILLUSTRATED to millious. This book, in beautiful
___^_^________^_^^_ cloth binding, is illustrated from pho-
toeraphie views of San Francisco and surrounding towns, taken imme-
diately after tho disaster, together with accurate views of Mt. Vesuvius
and its surroundings. In fact every every event described, is thus illus-
trated. The book contains 400 pages, printed on good paper from new
type, and will be a valuable addition to any library. Through our close
arrangements with the most progressive of all weekly newspapers— THE
WEEKLY INTER OCEAN —we offer you a year's subscription to
the AMADOR LEDGER and the Weekly Inter Ocean and this book for
only $2 90. Order to-day. Books will be delivered from the Amador
Ledger olfico. If by mail 25c extra for postage must be added.
Tbe subscription price of Ledger is $2.50
Retail price of book . . 1.50
Weekly Inter Ocean 1.00
Total $5.00
Wo furnish all for $2.90
This is a strictly cash in advance proposition, open to new and old sub-
scribers. Those in arrears cac avail themselves of this offer by paying
all arrearage and tho above sum in advauce.
expected to prove of special value iv
dangerous mines, iv powder maga
zines, and in other places exposed to
risk of explosion.
The assertion tbat (ho rare earth
metals of the incandescent gas mantle
omit sparks on being scratched with a
Bio has been investigated by Baron
yon Welsbach. He finds that the
sparks are i-rroduced only when the
rare metals are alloyed with 30 per
cent of iron, and he proposes to npply
this property of the alloy to the auto
matic lighting of gas. As the gas is
turned on, a Hie gently rubs tbe alloy,
producing a brilliant shower of
sparks, which immediately iguites the
gas.
"Hydrolitbe" is a new compound
of calcium and hydrogen. Jt gives
uff its hydrogen when immersed iv
water, as calcium carbide evolves
acetylene, and M. Georgo Jaubert, a
Krench engineer, urges that the new
material be adopted as a convenient
means for carrying gas to inflate mill
tary balloons.
A A new gutta percha, that of Heir
G Gentsch, of Vienna, is obtained from
a a mixture of caoutchouc and plam
r resin. It is claimed to have an elastic
r resistance superior to the natural
p product, and to cost only two-thirds
u us much.
For horse blankets and everything
in the saddle and barness line, see
Piccardo's tine stock on Water street.
From Our Exchanges
Paul Katto ot Gwin Miue was in San
Andreas last Sunday night, in consul
tation with the authorities in regard to
a runaway wife, who decamped with a
man and took along tbe two Katto
children. And also presumably to do
fray the expenses of the trip, which we
understand is to terminate iv British
Columbia, Airs Itattoand male compa
nion took along some SBOO bolonging
to the husband. As the money wus in
the possession of Mrs Katto, and not
her gentleman friend, and was placed
in her hands by Mr Katto, tbe officers
of course could do nothing. A requisi
tion would be necessary to bring back
the couple, but this could not be pro
cured as tho money was community
property. It's pretty hard for a man
to work two or three years and deny
himself all the luxuries of life in order
to save a little money for an emergen
cy, and then to have another man step
in and swipe the family and the money.
— Citizen.
A good story comes from Santa Rosa,
Au easterner who happened to bo there
during the recent quake having boeu
caught in the debris shouted : "Help!
Help! Get me out tirst, 1 ain't used
to these 'earthquakes; you Califor
nians are!" The man was rescued.
Sam Radovlcb, an employe of the
Lightuer miue, mot with painful ac
cident last week. While ascending the
shaft on the skip his foot got caught
between the rim and a shute, crush
ing it quite severely, but breaking no
bones. He will be out again in a few
days.— Calaveras Xews.
Ledger and Chicago Weeky Inter
ocean, both papers for one year, 82.50
in advance.
Five Cents Per Copy.
Kuroki vsSir Hector Macdonald
A curious tale s going the rounds of
tho bazaars in India. It is believed
by every native that general Knroki,
tbe marvelous Japanese commander,
is no other than Sir Hector Macdon
ald. Many persons have never believed
that tbe brilliant general is dead, and
not long ago there appeared in the
London Times an offer of a reward of
35000 to any who had seen his dead
body.
It is also a fact that Sir Hector was
once invited to go to Japan to train
the Japanese army, and he actually
mentioned it to Lord Roberts. No
honor has ever been publicly bestowed
on Kuroki, who appears to have van
ished as suddenly and mysteriously as
he appeared.
Kreu the Japanese, with all their
reticence, confessed to a correspon
dent that Kuroki bad much foreign
blood in him, and the American jour
nalist declared he was a Dutchman.
Kudyard Kipling first lifted tbe veil
showing a little of the mysterious
workings of the Indian bazaar. The
celerity with which they spread the
rumors of events taking place at great
distance is familiar to all Anglo In
dian residents, but invariably baffling
to them. The mutiny of the Sepoys
was known throughout India almost
as soon as it occurred, and it has
been an unexplained mystery up to
date how tbe information was so rap
idly disseminated.
Both the life and death of Sir Hector
Macdonald were full of romance and
mystery. His exact age is not known;
tbe circumstances of his death and
burial are obscure. What is known is
tbat Macdonald was a Scottish ciofter
lad, that he enlisted in 1871, and that
he served in tbe ranks ten years. His
raise to a major general and K. C. B.
was tbe result of pure soldiering.
in the Afghan campaign, at Cabal,
on Majuba hill and at Omdurman he
won fights and fame. After the Boer
war he was given a high command in
India and then iv 1903 came the re
port that he had suddenly left Hindu
stan "on private business."
On this business he reached Paris,
and there read in a newspaper tbat be
was to stand a court martial on grave
charges. Then came tbe report that
immediately on reading this paragraph
he went to his room and shot himself.
At first it was decided that the gen
eral was to be buried in Paris, but a
new surprise appeared in tbe person
of his widow, of whose existence the
war office did not know. By the ex
press wish of Lady Macdonald the
body— or as rumor says now, the coffin
— was sent to London and unceremon
iously huddled away to Scotland in a
baggßge van. Tbe body, or the coffin,
was quickly, almost secretly, buried
in a public cemetery at 6.30 in the
morning. The coffin was not opened
from the time it left the Paris hotel.
-Washington Post.
Has Stood the Test 25 Years.
The old, original Grove's Tasteless
Chill Tonic. You know what you are
taking, it is iron and quinine in a
tasteless form. No cure no pay. 500.
Lemons, oranges, and bananas con
stantly on hand at Nettle's Mkt.

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