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PRIMARY NOMINATIONS. One of the important reforms, pledegd by both parties at the last election, was the passage of a law providing for the nomination of all candidates for state, county, and municipal offices by direct primaries. The idea is to have the people nominate their candidates directly, without the intervention of state or county conventions. We do not believe this plan wonld do away with party conventions altogether. It r would still be necessary to have representatives assemble in con vention, for the purpose of voicing the sentiments of the voters in party platforms. But the plan of nominating by direct vote would abolish in a measure the manipulation by adroit politicians of delegations by trading and promise of patronage, which has been in evidence for so many years, to the lowering of the moral standing of politics generally. Many patriotic citizens of late years have refused to take part in party politics because of the degradation attached to the sys tem of dictation by unscrupulous politicians. Men who scorn to stoop to low-down methods have little chance against the tactics of schemers, posted in all the arts of the game of wire pulling and manipulation. This political flimflam business is improperly designated as smartness on the part of those versed therein. It is nothing of the kind. It is simply moral degeneracy, which highminded men, from their inborn sense of right, cannot descend to. So the politicians, as a rule, have had it all their own way, one faction of the same class contending against the other. The direct primary plan' it is hoped by its advocates, will change all this. It will take the offices, and the patronage belonging thereto out of the control of the schemers, bring ing the voters into closer relations with aspirants for office. While there is a general sentiment} that provision of law should be made to raise politics to a higher moral plane, there is much diversity of opinion as to the details. It is a difficult subject to handle; and perhaps impossible to prevent the political gamblers from finding a loophole for their operations altogether. In the bill now before the legislature, a diputed point has developed concerning the number of votes necessary fat a primary election to constitute a nomi nation. The bill sis originally introduced provided that forty percent of all the votes cast should constitute a nomi nation. This by many is deemed too high, and an amend ment is suggested to reduce it to twenty-fire per cent. Of course, at a primary contest there is likely to be a lively scramble within the party ranks for an office. Where a num ber of candidates are voted for, it would be unlikely that one would get forty per cent, and a failure to make a nomination would complicate things materially. On the other hand, it is claimed that by unduly lowering the percentage of votes, the nominees of the minority party would be benefitted. The defeated candidates of the majority party would at the gener al election be apt to join forces with the opposition candidates, and defeat the nominees of the dominant side. In a nominat ing convention as heretofore conducted, a bitter contest with in the party ranks is deprecated as a source of danger to the successful aspirant. It is argued that it would work the same way with nomination by direct primary. As in othef states, it will perhaps take some time to work out a practical primary law, but in the end it will be worth the experience. Certainly any move in this direotion will hardly fail to be au improvement upon the convention system as exemplified in this state for many years past. The present legislature is taking a decided stand on a number of questions bordering on abstract morality. The anti-race track gambling is a case in point. Those favoring this measure believe that racing may be conducted without the adjunct of pool selling, and other forms of gambling. Gambling is a great vice. It has always claimed its millious of votaries, and probably always will in some form of other, no matter how severe the laws passed for its suppression. It is simply the expression of the get-rich-quick spirit. Men are so constituted that they will grasp at what appears to them an opportunity to make money easily, by speculative methods. Gambling is nothing more 'than the speculative spirit in riotous development. Speculation is a laudable trait confined within reasonable and fairly safe limits. Every merchant alert to his own interests, indulges in the specula tive spirit in the purchase of goods on a depressed market, in the expectation of a rise later on. There is novice in that It is business, and the soundest way of doing business. That is not gambling in the popular acceptation of that term. But the gambling that finds vent on the race track and the uickel in-the-slot machines, the faro bauk, and numberless other forms, is a gigantic evil, without a redeeming feature iv its favor. Admitting [all this it is still doubtful if auy laws passed can reach the root of the mischief. Gambling will not cease with the abolition of race track betting. Worn Out That's) tho w«y you feel uluiut the IUURi w 'it'll yOO Imvii it liiirkiiK' UUUijIl. It's toollstiuess to Jet It «cj on «"'! trait to luok to ttot over it, vvlien liiillurtl'd iloiehoiiiid flryup will atop dm ciou«li anil la'Hl the luuga. Price Stoo.Wa i)M<i 81.00 jutr Imttlo. Hold by liuhser's OUy I'barniuoy. CASTORS A For Infants and Children. The Kind You Have Always Bought Bears the s^r S/VZTT'f*" Signature of C&a/&T&&*&< ■ris^iwßoiuiiui H^^J tr^J^M^Li^l^ i For Infants and Childron. Rlliii'3iir' ie nd ou " aye BpS/iil r " '■'"^■•"■iii'iiiißT^CTi ■bIIIUJw UUll£}lll i HgUIJ I ALCOHOL 3 TER CENT. I . m ¥J v \m AVcSflablerVrpnrtion&rAsj Ppo-pa* fhft' J \ |m|| ness and RestJContainsnciUOT V~ J Mk/Vi \s ii| &§%&*. I l/^rtr UsB Hi Hon%ourS™inaciu)larrtm 1 |^ P^.- fl ,*■, ifesT Worms,Convulsionsfevtnsh- \ M Y\\l IIVRI pSpS | nessandLosSOFSLKEP. w ■Ml VI Ml H nnee'^ c ' Thirty Years |«g|l NEW YORK. * B Uilln Exact Copy of Wrapper. thcocntauh«omf*nv. nkw tokr orrr. THROUGH TROPIC CLIMES Atlantic Steamship Lines— New Orleans- New York Service. I ''■'.■ In connection with the Sunset Route between San Francisco — Los Angeles and New Orleans. Largest American coastwise steamers— elaborately furnished staterooms — eLectric lighted throughout — perfect dining service. RATES FROM SAN FRANCISCO: One way, first class rail, via Sunset Route 1o New Orleans and first cabin on steamer $76.80. Round trip first class rail and. first cabin steamer $144.40. Choice of rail routes on return trip. Second class rail and second cabin steamer §64.55. Proportionate rates from other points. Rates includo your berth and meals on ship. Just as cheap as an ali-rail route. * • * I Ask nearest Agents. SOUTHERN PACIFIC. % m £« -~~~~~ — DEALERS IN "^ Jgj | ±. General Merchandise | wj Gfocories, Furnishing Goods, Shoes, M tiH* Boots, Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Mining l§ M /f\ Supplies, Lumber, Hardware Hay, fc £U Grain, etc., etc. Eg M Corner Alain and Water St. |g I JACKSON - - - CALIFORNIA I mnMMWmWSWSW9MMWSiW'.'NEWSIWeS.WM ATTRACTIVE TRIFLES ArtUlio Gift* Th«t Take Little Ttm* to Make. The mission photograph frame Is carried out in heavy green linen crash. The colors used In embroidering the conventional design are the dark shades of green and the bronze browns. Pretty opera bags are always a wel come gift, and half a yard of hand some ribbon will make up Into a most desirable receptacle for glasses. Candle shades covered with pale pink baby ribbon In little crinkly loops are attractive and as presents would please most housewives. Perfumed coat and skirt hangers axe popular, and so are the ribbon cases that contain the gJfiss tube hatpin bolder. Iteally beautiful utility cases that can be hung upon a wall or rolled for traveling are made from ribbon. To make such an article get half a yard of ribbon that is six Inches In width. Turn down an inch wide hem at the top and along the bottom gather and sew on a thin piece of silk the same size. This Is then divided Into pockets and the upper edge shirred. Runners the length of the case, dividing It into sections, should then be put on the In side. Through these articles of the toilet such as a shoe horn, button hook, mani cure implements, etc., and a sewing outfit with pockets for needles, spools of thread and silk, scissors and all such necessaries are put. A little pin cushion is set firmly at one end. The pockets receive bolts of baby ribbon, buttons and all the trifles that go to furnish a workbaskefc Cardboard boxes neatly covered with ribbon and furnished with three spools of baby ribbon in dainty colorings are a gift within the skill of the amateur seamstress. A loop should be added WTERULS VEQOIIED. One snail linen doily. Filo embroidwy silks. Sheet of cotton wadding. Ten cents 1 ■worth of sachtt powder. Three yards' of baby ribbon- MISSION PHOTOQBAFH FKAMIi Inside the cover to hold a couple of bodkins and a pair of tiny scissors. A ribbon covered glove case is equal ly simple of construction. It should be Interlined with perfumed cotton and fitted with a soft silk lining. A pretty finish Is to turn back one cor ner, holding down with a bow of rib bon. Another acceptable present that can be made by the artistic girl la a set of name cards, hand painted. These are sure to give pleasure If given to a woman who entertains largely. Those in the form of floral wreaths cut out so they slip on over the edge of the tumbler are new; also dainty figures of women copied from some old painting and provided with paste board backs so they staud. These fig ures can carry big muffs as reticules that can be lifted and show a blank space for the name underneath, thus making them available Inter for fram ing when pasted to a flat surface and surrounded by a gilt mat College Flags. College flags are quite simple to make for Christmas gifts, but require care and muc,h precision In putting the let ters on as well as in cutting them. A good plan is to cut the letters from stiff cardboard and trace around them on the felt, ufterward cutting with a sbarp knife. In mounting on the felt background paste them on with a very thin coating ol photograph paste and couch around fill edges with tunny strands of silk caught down at regular intervals with a single strand of the same color. Couching means to hold the heavy cord or many strands of silk along the edge of the thing to be outlined and stitching across It and through the ma terial with the single thread in the needle. Handkerchief Case A handkerchief case is a pretty gift th«t can be made from ribbon by first cutting two pieces of cardboard into b«art shapes. These hearts are covered o'i both Bides and form the bottom and tho cover, respectively. The broad flowered ribbon used Is Gathered on l»otli edges, one of which h sewed to the heart at the bottom. Then a lining of plain soft Bilk is eet la, nnd the edge of the ribbon is con nected to tho upper edge of the lining. A. niching of narrow ribbon trims tlio cover and n bow acts as v bingo. A loop t'.nswera the purpose of h lid lifter. Gifts For Fifty Cente. For the young man of tuo family sleeve buttons, silver pencil, coat hung er, sofa cushion cover, penknife, cigar Slitter, leatbeF collar box, tatCßel tu;:\ llaeu tuijio cover or v photograph frame for Uls room. For nttio girl, dolls, games, worUboVi skates, Ktrlntr of heads or a music roll. V'>r small boy, baseball, games, studs. face mftsk, penknife, stump book, iti<t»% booUs or v. box of puluts. Pvr umaUf: boy. train of ciu-s, loco motive, skate.-), trawperont I'itite. OFFICIAL MAP —OF.. Amador County eys by D. C. CAItLTON, showing township nnd school district bound- aries, ownership of all lands according to assessment roll of 1004, mineral claims, canals, location of all school- houses; also a townslte map of prlncl^, pal towns, namely Jackson, Sutter Creek, lone, Amaclor City, Drytown, Plymouth and Volcano. Size 6 by 3f feet. a Price, colored & mounted $10 Plain and unmounted - $5 Sold only at AMADOR LEDGER OFFICE Sunset Vale 1771 Capital 633 The F. THOMAS' 0 Parisian Dyeing and Clcanlnq Works Dyeing and Cleaning Dress Goods. f Silks, Blankets, and Curtains A Specialty. 1012-lOth st Sacramento Is Your Property For^Sale? We ire constantly receiving Inquiries from all parts of the United States for Farms, Vineyards and Country and City Homes on the Pacific Coast. If your property Is for sale we shall bo glad to place It on our list, and put you in direct correspondence with a large number of possible buyers. Address, TOWN A COUNTRY JOURNAL PUB. CO. *■ aao jjickson ST., t«H MANcmco, cal. ST. GEORGE HOTEL VOLCANO, AMADOR CO CAL. L. H. Cook, Proprietor. Refitted and renovated throughout. Best of accommodation for commercial travelers. Table supplied with best in market. Terms reasonable. jnel j- •*>♦♦♦»♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦••♦♦•♦♦♦♦♦♦< | Globe Hotel I I "■ m ■"■■■■■ i * | NEW MANAGEMENT. ] i t < | MRS. ANNIE HUHST....PropT | | Board and Lodging ; ; ] I AT REASONABLE RATES. \ \ ! ! Sample Rooms for Comtner- ! i !! cial Travelers. I <> All Stages stop at' this hotel. > i! JACKSON CAL. \\ j] NEW ' if i National * Hotel:; ' Jackson, Amador county, Cal. ':■ ;i: F. A. VOORIIEIS, Proprietor |i| ', Stage Ofiico for all Points; ' i Lighted by electricity throughout ! j <;ommodioiis Samplo Ituoniti foi'n 1 Com merciul Travelers. aulS,, J. A. Vanderpoo! THE HARNESS MAN Plymouth, Cal. Has on hand a full lino of Harness and Hardess Fixtures, Saddles. Bridles and Robes. Huyyies an:. Carriage lops made to order. Also has on hand a line of that well known and thois ughly tried I3AKEU & HAMILTON buggies.