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, THE BUTTE RECORD Is published every Saturday morning, by C. W. STILES &. CO., Vf >m the olSoe in the Record building on Miner Joor* east of the I'iioa. #ir*BCßimilxa (pajable Invariably in advance) for v o*<* year, - 37 00 Wplx month*. 4 00 ■ fl'bree month*, • 25« Advertisement*. per square ot leu line s or iesa, flr*l insertion, - $3 00 Each subsequent insertion, - • - • 150 f'p*" A liberal deduction will be made in favor of those who advertise by the year Business cards inserted on reasonable terms. SATURDAY EVENING How sweet the evening shadows fail, Advancing from the west. He ends the wenry week of toll And comes the day of rest. Bright o'er the earth the star of eve Her radiant beauty sheds, And myriad sisters calmly w eave Their light around our heads. Rest, man, from labor ; rest from sin ; The world's hard contest dost-; The holy hours with God begin, Till time for sw<*et repose. Bright o’er the earth the morning ruy Its sacred light w ill erst; Fair emblem of the glorious day That evermore shall Inal. OPENING OF THE PORTS OF JAPAN. In connection with the recent expedi tion of Commodore Perry to Japan, and the anticipated opening of the ports of that almost unknown country to the com merce of the world, it may not prove un interesting to onr readers to lay before them a portion of an article upon that ex traordinary country, published a short 'time ago in Chambers’ Edinburgh Jour nal, compiled from the memoirs of Capt. Golownin, a Russian Naval officer, who ‘ivjhs kept in confinement in Japan in the yTar 1811. We extract from the S. F. Herald. Omitting the personal narra tive, which is too long for our columns, it is only necessary to slate that the Cap tain was kept in close confinement, but with good treatment; and a young man named Teske was sent to him to learn the Kusssian language, so as to be able to act as an interpreter. From this point we shall commence our extract from Cham bers : Golownin, on his part, endeavored to elicit all the information he could gain with respect to the numbers, resources, Government, and religion of this singu lar people. He found it impossible to a.v-ertain the amour' of the population; indeed, it seems it would be very difficult . for the Government itselfto obtain a cen sus, for millions of the poor live abroad in the streets, fields or woods, having no spot which they can call a Lome. Teske showed a map of the Empire, having ev ery town and village marked on it ; and though on a very large scale it was thickly covered. He pointed out on it a desert, which is considered immense, be cause litters take a whole day to traverse it, and meet with only one village during the journey. It is perhaps fifteen miles across. The city ot Yedo was usually set down by Europeans as containing 1,000,000 inhabitants ; but Golownin was informed that it had in its principal streets houses, each containing from 30 to 40 persons, besides all the small houses and huts. This would give iu the whole a population of above 10,- 000,000 souls about a fourth part of the estimated population of the country ! The incorporated society of the blind is alone affirmed to include 36,000. The country, though lying under the same latitude as Spain and Italy, is yet very different from them in climate. At Matsmai, for instance, which is on the ' same parallel as Leghorn, scow falls as abundantly as at St. Petersburgh, and lies in the valleys from November till April. Severe frost is uncommon, but cold fogs arc exceedingly prevalent.— The climate, however, is uncommonly diversified, and consequently so are the productions, exhibiting in some places the vegetation of the frigid zone, and in others that of the tropics. Rice is the staple production of the soil. It is nearly the only article issued instead of bread, and the only one from which strong liquor is distilled, while its «traw serves for many domestic purposes. Besides radishes, there is an extensive cultivation of various other esculent roots and vegetables. There is no coast with out fisheries, and there is no marine ani mal that is not used for food, save those which are absolutely poisonous. But an uncommonly small quantity' suffices for each individual. If a Japanese has a handful of rice and a single mouthful of fish, he makes a savory dish, with roots, herbs, or molusca. and it suffices for a day’s support. Japan produces both black and green tea ; the former is very inferior, and used only for quenching thirst; whereas the latter is esteemed a luxury, and is pre sented to company. The best grows in the principality of Kioto, where it is carefully cultivated for the use both of the temporal and spiritual courts. To bacco, which was first introduced by the European missionaries, has spread aston ishingly, and is so well manufactured tlktt our.author smoked it with a relish BUTTE RECORD. Bidwell, Butte County, (Cal.) November 12, 1853. ; All uriides of clothing are made of silk or cotton. The former appears to be very abundant, as rich dresses of it are worn even by the common soldiers on festive days, and it may be seen on peo ple of all ranks, even iu the poor towns. The fabrics are at least equal to those of China. The cotton of Japan seems to be of the same kind as that of the West ludia colonies. It furnishes the ordin ary dress of the great mass of the people, and also serves all the other purposes for which we employ wools, flax, furs aud feathers. The culture of it is, of course, very extensive ; but the fabrics are all very coarse. Golownin could hardly ' make them believe that his muslin cra vat was of this material. There is some hemp, which is manufactured for sails, etc., but cables and ropes, very inferior to ours, are made from the bark of a tree i called the kadyz. This bark likewise supplies materials for thread, lamp-wicks, writing-paper, aud the coarse paper used for pocket-handkerchies. There is uo lack of fruit trees, as the orange, lemon, peach, plum, fig, chestnut, and apple ; But the vine yields only a small, sour grape, perhaps for want of culture. Timber trees grow only in the mountainous districts, which are unfit for cultivation. Camphor is produced abun dantly in the south, and large quantities j are exported by the Chinese and Hutch. 1 The celebrated varui.-li of Japan, drawn from a tree called silz, is so plentiful that it is used for lacquering the most ordinary utensils. Its natural color is white, but it assumes any that is uiveu to it by mixture. The best varnished i vessels reflect the face as in a mirror, and hot. water may be poured into them without occasioning the least smell. The chief domestic animals are horses and oxen for draught ; cats and dogs arc kept for the same uses as with us"; and swine furnish food for the few sects who eat flesh. Sheep and goats seem to ;he totally unknown : the Russian cap tives had to make drawings of the former to convey some idea of the origin of wool. There are considerable mines of gold and silver lu several parts of the Empire, but the Government does not permit them to be all worked, for fear of depre ciating the value of these metals. They supply, with copper, the material of the euireiicy, and are also liberally used in the decoiatiou of public buildings, and in the domestic utensils of the wealthy.— There is a sufficiency of quicksilver, lead and tin for the wants of the country, and one island is entirely covered with sul phur. Copper is very abundant and of a remarkably fine quality. All kitcheu utensils, tobacco pipes aud fire shovels, are made ot it, and so well made, that our author mentions his tea kettle as having stood on the fire, like all other Japanese kettles, day and night for months, without burning into holes.— 1 his metal is likewise employed for the purpose ot sheathing ships, and coveriiisr the joists aud flat roofs of houses. Iron is less abundant, and much that is used iis obtained from the Hutch. Nails alone of which immense numbers are used in all carpentery work, consume a largo j quantity. Diamonds, cornelians, jaspers, aud some very fine agates, and other precious stones are found ; but the na : Eves seem not to well understand polish i ing them. Pearls are abundant, but not being considered ornamental they arc re served for the Chinese market. Steel and porcelain are the manufac tures in which the Japanese chiefly ex | cel, besides those in silk stuffs and lac quered ware, already mentioned. Their I porcelain is far superior to the Chinese, | but is scarce and dear. With respect to steel manufactures, the sabres and dag- I gers of Japan yield only to those of Da mascus ; and Golownin says their cabi hinet-makers’ tools might almost ho com pared with the English, In painting, i engraving, aud printing, they are far be hind ; and they seem to have no know ledge of ship-building or navigation be i yond what suffices for coasting voyages, I though they have intelligent and enterpri | zing sailors. There is an immense inter nal traffic, for facilitating which there ‘ are good roads and bridges where water i carriage is impracticable. These distant [ Orientals have likewise bills of exchange and commercial gazettes. The Emperor enjoys a monopoly of the foreign com merce. It is popularly said that Japan has two Emperors—one spiritual and the other temporal. The former, however, having no share in the administration of the em pire, and seldom even hearing of state affairs, is no sovereign according to idea we attach to that term. He seems to stand much in the same relation to the Emperor that the Popes once did to the Sovereigns of Europe. He governs Kioto as a small independent State ; re ceives the Emperor to an interview once in seven years ; is consulted by him ou extraordinary occasions; receives occa sional embassies and presents from him, and bestows his blessing in return. His dignity, unlike that of the Roman pon tiffs, is hereditary, and he is allowed twelve wives, that his race may not be come extinct. According to the Japan ese records, the present-dynasty, mclr ordinary mortal may see any part of him hut his feet, and that only once a year ; every vessel which ho uses must be bro ken immediately ; for if another should even by accident eat or drink out of it, he must be put to death. Every gar ment which he wears must be manufac tured by virgin bands, from the earliest process in the preparation of silk. The adherents of the original Japan ese religion, of which the Kinrey is head, adoic numerous divinities called Kami, or immortal spirits, to whom they offer prayers, flowers, and sometimes, more j substantial gifts. They also worship Ka dotski, or saints—mortals canonised by the Kin-rey—and build temples in their honor. The laws concerning personal j and ceremonial purity, which form the 1 principal features of this religion, are ox ■ ceedingly strict, and not unlike those im posed upon the ancient Jews. There are several orders of priests, monks, and nuns, whose austerity, like that of Eu rope, is maintained iu theory more than in practice. Three other creeds, the Brahminical, the Coufucian, and that which deifies the heavenly bodies, have many adherents : ; but their priests all acknowledge a cer i tain religious supremacy to exist in the Kinrey. There is universal toleration ; these matters : every citizen may pro j foss what faith he chooses, and change it i as often as he chooses, without any one enquiring into his reasons ; only it must be a spontaneous choice, for proselvting is forbidden by law. Christianity alone is proscribed, and that on account of the political mischief said to Lave been effec ted through its adherents in the seven- I teenth century. 'I here is a law by which no one may hire a servant without recei ving a certificate of his uot being a Chris tian ; and on new-year’s day, which is a j great national festival, all the inhabi tants of Nangasaki are obliged to ascend a staircase and trample on the crncifix, and other insignia of the Romish faith, i which are laid on the steps as a test. It is said that many perform the act in vio lation of their feelings. So much of the religious state of the Empire, Golownin elecited in conversation with Teske and others, but everything on this subject was ; communicated with evident reluctance ; i and though >i the course of the walks ; they were permitted to take in harness, the Russian captives sometimes saw the : interior of the temples, they were never permitted to enter whiW any religious ' rites were celebrated. With respect to the civil administra tion of Japan, our author seems to have | gathered little that was absolutely new to I us. The Empire comprises above two j hundred States, which are governed as independent sovereignties by princes, | called Haymos, who frame and enforce their own laws. Though most of these principalities are very small some of them are very powerful: the Daymo of Sindai, for instance, visits the Imperial Court with a retinue of 60,000 Their depen dence on the Emperor appears chiefly in their being obliged to maintain a certain number of troops, which are at his dis posal. These provinces, which belong directly to the Emperor, are placed un der Governors, called Bnnyos, whose families reside at the capital as hostages. Every province has two Bunyos, each of whom spends six months in the Govern ment and six months at Yedo. The Supreme Council of the Emperor consists of five sovereign princes, who de cide on all ordinary measures without referring to him. An inferior Council of fifteen princes over important civil and criminal eases The general laws are few and well known. They are very se vere, but the Judges generally find means of evading them where their enforce ment would involve a violation of those of humanity. In some cases, as in con jugal infidelity, or filial impiety, individ uals are permitted to avenge their own wrong, even to the taking of life. Civil cases are generally decided by arbitra tors, aud only when they fail to settle a matter, is there recourse to the public courts of justice. Taxes arc generally paid to the reigning prince or Emperor, in tithes of the agricultural, manufac tured, or other productions of the coun ty Such were some of the particulars as certained by Golownin concerning the social and civil condition of this singular j people. He says they always appeared very happy, and their demeanor was characterized by lively and polite man ners, with the most imperturbable good temper. It seems at length to have been through fear of a Russian invasion, ra ther than from any sense of justice, that his Japanese Majesty, in reply to the importunities of the officers of the “ Di ana,” consented to the release of the captives on condition of receiving from | the Russian Government a a solemn dis avowed of having sanctioned the proceed ings Chwostoff. Having obtained this, the officers repaired for the fourth time to these unfriendly shores, and enjoyed the happiness of embracing their com panions, and taking them on hoard. Happiness.—Happiness is easily ac ciuired. _ALI thatis-OC&fffftD.fiv the telegraph. eausl Ihou send lightnircs. (hat they may go, and say ante theo.**lTere wo are?’ —’’Scriftl're. It is even so. The inquiry has been answered in one grand- and magnificent sense. The querist and man of patience little dreamed, when using this splendid metaphor to give greater effect to his re proach, aud to illustrate the power of Omnipotence, that ho was but uttering a eulogy upon science, while he claimed for the Deity but an attribute within the province of mortal triumphs and mortal genius. ‘Canst thou send lightnings, that they may go, and say unto thee, ‘Here we are!’ ” That restless and am bitious thing, the human mind, unde terred by the subtlety of divine themes, or the awtulnoss of ethereal problems, has boldly pushed investigation through out the domain of electrical phenomena, and fettered the hoary potentate of storms on his very throne. Nay, it has torn away the scepter of the fierce god, sequestered the elements of his realm, and tamed the spirit of tempests to do the weak bidding of man. Science in this has surpassed itself. It has not only accomplished a prodigy, but has worked a miracle-—a miracle so vast, so incom prehensible, that the age, much as it has advanced iu knowledge aud enlighten ment, cannot compass "the extent of the discovery to which it has given birth. The lightnings have been trained to ut ter the language ot man ! Can we con ceive of anything more sublime or grand? more thrilling or lofty in the field of im agmation? \\ e aspire in our arrogance to count the sun* and planets within the visual range ; explore the scope of the physical heavens; transfer light apd re vealed darkness to canvass; imitate the works ot the Creator in senseless stone; compress air into dense and powerful bodies—generate a motive agency from water—follow comets aud blazing her alds through trackless wastes; and knowl edge and science in these pursuits have acquired immortal honors. But what is all this to subjugating the lightnings, the mythological voice of Jehovah, the fear ful omnipotence of the clouds, causing them in the fine agony of chained sub mission, to do the offices of a common messenger—to whisper to the four cor ners of the earth the lordly behests of lordly man! —-[de bow’s review. AN ARTIST as WAS AN ARTIST- A party met at the ‘above Bleecker street’ mansion of a friend who had made a ‘lucky hit’ iu the tea, cake and coffee business, and set up his establishment on the ton principle. Everything was re cherche, as one of the gentlemen with moustachois observed, aud the tapestry, the carpets, and the pictures were b-c --e-w-tiful!” as the young said. One of the finest “works of art” em bellishing the parlor-walls of the host, Mr. Allright, was a large and exquisite ly elaborated crayon sketch of Ruth at the Well, and of course this chef d'our re attracted no little attention; and when the encomiums were coming thick and fast from the ladled and gentlemen, the host came up and astonished the compa ny by observing— “ Ah-h-h! that’s superb, isn’t it la dies—isn’t it grand?” “Be-e-e-w-tiful!” cried they. “Superb! very fine!” said the gents. “My wife drew that,” said Allright. “You don’t say so!” exclaim the ladies. “Is it possible! splendid genius!” echo the gents. “Can’t be beat—wouldn’t take a hun dred dollars for it!” says the host. “Hundred dollars!” exclaims one of the gents, horrified at the idea of an “above Bleecker” talking of selling the efforts of his wife’s genius; “it’s worth a thousand!” “Oh, dear! don’t mention it!” cry the ladies. “Mrs. Allright will be positive ly shocked at your remarks upon her picture!” “Well, it’s pretty —very pretty,” con tinned the host. “They.get ’em up in Paris, I ’spect, pretty cheap!” “Oh, what a dem’d vulgaw fellow”— : sotto voce —says a gent; “he talks as mercenary as a dem’d Jew, or a Gipsey, ■ over the divine labors of his elegant wife! shocking! horid!” “Dom’d horrid! ” was whispered around the room. During this hubbub over the picture, Mrs. Allright came brushing into the parlor, rattling and rustling in stiff bro cades and lace work. The gents were the first to observe that Mrs. Allright did not “powr-tway” any very highly developed physiological or phrenological evidences of great genius; she might be great in domestic affairs, but she hardly looked the artist! The ladies and the gents gave Mrs. A. all manner of a re ception, of course, and louder than ever went on the eulogiums of the picture. “Oh! ah, yes; I drew it last winter,” said Mrs. A. “we had a lottery at our house, and a poor young fellow put up his pictures; Mr. Allright made me take a ticket, and I drew that •picture'.'' 1 Somebody announced “supper” about that time, and all vamosed.— [Yankee Blade. THE PROGRESS OF RUSSIA. There is something really grand and imposing in the steady march of Russian dominion since Peter the Great first con solidated his Empire into a substantive state. On his accession in 1689, its W cstern boundary was in longitude 30 deg., and its Southern in latitude 42 deg : these have now been pushed to longitude 18 deg. andlatitude39 deg. respectively. Russia had then no access to any Euro pean sea ; her only ports were Archan gel. in the Frozen Ocean, and Astrakan, on the Caspian ; she has now access to both the Baltic and the Eusine. Her population, mainly arising from increase ot territory, has augmented thus : At the accession of Peter the Great, iu 1689, it was 15,000,000. At the accession of Catherine the Sec ond, in 1752, it was 35,000,000. At the accession of Paul, in 1796, it was 36,000,000. At the accession of Nicholas, in 1825, it was 58,000,000. By the treaty of Neustadt, in 1721, and by a subsequent treaty, in 1809, she acquired more than half the Kingdom of Sweden, and the command of the Gulf of Finland, from which, before, she was ex cluded. By throe partitions of Poland, in 1772, 1793, and 1795, and by the arrange ments of 1815, she acquired territory nearly equal in extent to the whole Aus trian Empire. By various wars and treaties with Tur key, iu 1783, 1794, and 1812, she robbed her of territories equal in extent to all that remains of her European dominions, and acquired the command of the Black Sea. Between 1800 and 1814, she acquired from Persia districts at least as large as the whole of England, and from Tartary a territory which ranges over 30 degrees of longitude. During this period of 150 years, she has advanced her frontier 500 miles to wards Constantinople, 630 miles towards Stockholm, 700 miles towards Berlin and Vienna, and 1000 miles towards Teher an, Caboo? and Calcutta. One only acquisition she has not yet made, though she is steadily pushing to wards it, earnestly desiring it, and feel ing it to be essential to the completion of her vast designs and the satisfaction of her natural and consistent ambition— the possession, namely, of Constantino ple and Roumelia ; which would give her the most admirable harbors and the com mand of the Levant, and would enable her to overlap, surround, menace, and embarrass all the rest of Europe. United States Coin in England The following information in relation to the value of the United States gold coin in England has just been issued from tho State Department at Washington. Information has been received at this Department from the United States Con sul at London, that, by royal proclama tion, the gold coins of the United States herein mentioned shall circulate and be received in payment in tho British West India colonies, as being of the full value | and equivalent to current money of the : United Kingdom, at the rates hereinafter ; specific ’ —that is to say ; The eagle at the rate of forty-one shil lings sterling. The half eagle at the rate of twenty shillings and sixpence sterling. The quarter eagle at the rate of ten shillings and sixpence sterling. The gold dollar at the rate of four shil lings and one penny. And in all payments to be made in | said colonics, tender and payment in thi j said coins, or either of them, at the re i spective rates aforesaid, shall be deemed ; and taken to be a lawful tender in the ; same manner as if such tender had been made in the current coifc of the United Kingdom. We find the subjoined news in the 8. F. Herald , whose correspondent has had access to papers from the city of Mexico a fortnight later than received, from which he makes the following important announcement: “ I see by the Mexican journals that Santa Anna has ordered thirty thousand men to the Mesilla Valley, to be suppor ted by a reserve of ten thousund more. This looks like war, and it is evident that the Dictator wishes another collision with the “ fierce invaders of the north.” Perhaps his power can only be prolonged by war. Ido not think the Mexican na i tion desire it, but certain it is, that this ; hero of so many revolutions hopes to re j instate the withered laurels of his last campaign by such a course. “ The rumor of discovering rich depo sits of gold on the Mescala proves to be a real Texas humbug—no gold. It is said that the French Consul at Acapulco has discovered rich deposits of virgin silver—equal to the famed Potosi. Per haps this also is another Texan humbug.” Putty Heads.— This is the last word that hag been added to the political nom enclature of New York. It Ls applied to the Barnburners, who have softened under the, influences of office, as to Dix No. 1.