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LATElt FllOM OKECiOX.
The Oregon Times gives the following as received from Gov. Stevens, of Washington Territory, who has just arrived at Portland: Gov. Stevens met Col. Cummings, Indian Superintendent, of the St. Loui- District, at the Council in the Blaekfeet country. That they succeeded in inducing the Blaekfeet, Pen d’Oreills, Flatheads, Nez Forces and Kootcnays to make treaties of peace among themselves—and they succeeded in making a treaty of the most satisfactory kind be tween the Blaekfeet and the United Slates. There were 8,000 Indians at the Council groutid, but not the least disturbance oc curred. As to the war, Gov. Steven- expresses himself in a most decided manner. He is of opinion that t lie Winter is the only time to light the Indians with any show of suc cess: and that February, March, and per haps April, are the best months to prosecute the w ar. He says that the Indians are now hemmed in by cold weather—that they can now be found congregated in numbers, and they cannot subsist in the mountains. But as soon as the Spring opens and the weather is warm, they can scatter in all directions into the mountain fastnesses. He regrets that he was not able to see Gen. Wool, as he wished to induce him, if possible, to take the field immediately. The Governor left for Olympia, on Thursday morning last, and intends to raise three hundred volunteers immediately, and dispatch them to the Wal la-Walla country. He called thirty men of Walla-Walla county into the service, on hi.-, way in. The Governor reports 1 ho Nez Perccs friendly, and that they will allow no hostile Indians to come into their country—seventy of them he mustered into his service. The Spokaus were also friendly, and were pledged to take no part in the war, and he* thinks that with vigorous operations on our part, they will continue peaceable! On his way in Gov. Stevens' friendly In dians went out as scouts, and obtained from the hostile bands important informations as to their councils,"and the intentions of Ku miakin, and the other chiefs, lie found three feet of snow in the Bitter Bool Moun tains’ About Christinas, fur several days, at Camp Curry, the thermometer stood at 14.degrees below zero. The Governor reports Judge Vanik, of the Sound, Mr. Heniiek, of Oregon City, and others from the Colville mines, on their way in. They report favorably of the mini s. Gov. Stevens had the Cay use chief I'm liowlisli in charge, whom lie intended deliv ering oner to Superintendent Palmer. Ik* also brought to the Dalles Bed Wolf and two other Nez Forces. His escort had in charge Tolman, a white man, who is accused of participating in the plunder of Brooke, Bumlbrd & .Noble's property. • The Oregon papers are very indignant at the course pursued by Ocn. Wool in regard to the war. The Oregonian says: General Wool came up from California,- as he informed us, “to take charge of t his Indian war in person.” He de-ired, “lirst of all, to make himself acquainted with tin* facts in the case; then he should adopt /its own course, as lie never asked advic.” That "the Indians must be subdued at once, and peace* restored within our borders without de lay.” All this was well said. Now let us see what Gen. Wool has done towards con summating this desirable end. In the lirst place* lie has ordered all the regular forces out of the Held, and most of them far away from the frontiers. He ordered the* troops down from the Dalles on the very tune the Oregon volunteers were lighting; the Indians near Walla-Walla. The Dalles is within four or live days’ march of Walla-Walla, and immediately on the borders of the Indian country. On the very day that the United Stales troop- left the D-lies for Vancouver, which is three days’ march further from the seat of war, tlie Oregon Volunteers were* lighting their fourth day’s battle with the Indians, And 'the olliccre at the Dalles knew when the ex press left Walla-Walla, the Indians were not whipped, but were in large force and well fortilied, and boldly lighting u fm* hi ferior force. The lir.-t exprrs- from the bai lie Held left on the second day's light, and came down from the Dalles to Vancouver on the same steamer which brought the reg ulars away. AN" lien Maj. Chinn halted I lie left column of tin* Oregon volunteers at Fort Henrietta, because an overwhelming force of the enemy were* in his front, and sent back after howit zers and aid, Oen. Wool refused Liiit, ami left the whole frontier north to be protected by the volunteers, or overrun by the savages, in case the volunteers were overpowered.— General Wool has been at Fort Vancouver all the time, and so far as we could learn, doing nothing except withdrawing lii.s troops from any proximity to the seat of war, and denouncing the course pursued by the Ore gon volunteers. To tui. Point.- It is stated that Bishop Domic, of New Jersey, is strongly opposed to temperance. A short time since, Bcv. Mr. Perkins, of the mine denomination, and a member of the order of “Sons,” dined with 1 he Bishop, who, pouring out a ghn of wine, desired the Kev. gentleman to drink with him, whereupon lie replied: “Can’t do it, Bishop, ‘wine is a mocker.’” “ Take a glass of brandy, then,” said the distinguished ecclesiastic. “ Can’t do it, Bishop, ‘strong drink is ra ging.’ ” By this time the Bishop becoming some what restive and excited, said to Mr. Per kins: “ You’ll pass the decanter to the gentle man next to you.” “No, Bishop, I can’t do that, hvo unto him that putteth the bottle to his neighbor’s lips.’ ” What was the peculiar mental condition moral state of the Bishop at this stage of the proceedings, our informant did not stale. JKfctT Till) lie]itli of .Niagara river under tlie suspension bridge, is estiumted to be 700 feet. Jo I85J the voting population of Texas was 18,000; in 1855 it was upwards of 15,000, t i r r: jor i!XAL. rr -} J* ii. j. S. MAN, i :i )i r<»i s IT; R1 >11 MORMXG, FEB. 9,1856. ■ I.. 1*. Fl.SHEH, is our authorized iifrent in .-mu Francisco, to obtain advertisements and subscriptions. TIit> President’* 3Ics-.asc. We have at length received the Message of President Pierce. For the lirst time in the history of the United States, has it been necessary for our Chief Magistrate to pre sent to Congress his Annual Message, be fore that body was organized, and we do not know that now the importance of the mat ters submitted made such a course necessa ry, yet we think the President under all the circumstances acted wisely. The members of the lower House of Con gress have spent one month in vain attempts to elect a Speaker, with little manifestation of that spirit of concession and compromise which should characterize the law-makers of a Republican (Jovcrnmcnt. The intercession of the Executive, recal ling our Representatives to a sense of their duty, and reminding them of the immediate object of their assembling together, may to some extent hasten their organization. The Mo-sage of the President contains much valuable information, and many thoughts and sentiments which do honor to his head and heart, l! is an able Slate pa per. We give below a brief synopsis of its contents. The President speaks forebodingly of our pre.-ent relations with England, and fears that lrom an open repudiation of a just con struction of the treaty of April ldli, J.SoO. made with regard to the Mosquito coast, and acts in open violation thereof, will be matter of serious and grave consideration, when an honorable adjustment is attempted. An equal disrespect lias been shown our Government in a total disregard of our .Mu nicipal law, by an at! nipt under the author ity ol the Rriti, !i Hoverninent to recruit for ces from our territory for the Eastern war. 11-seems that the Rritish (ioverumeiit dis claim any wish to interfere with, or to vio late our Municipal law, Imt the President is unable to si e how they could with their uili ccrs recruit within our Territory, without doing so. Another cause of probable diffi culty between tlie two countries, is tlie un settled boundary between the lJritish Pos sessions and Washington Territory. Should our present Congress maintain and support the views ol the Pre.-ideut, we may appre hend a serious time with England, unless her other foreign relations induce her to abandon her present positions with regard to the l nited States- particularly upon the subject of the Mosquito Coast treaty. I poll tin* subject of S(,und Ihic.i exuded by J teiiiiiark, lor I ho pus-.age of our mer chantmen into the Raltic Sea, the President firmly denies any such right existing in the (ioverumeiit of Denmark, and peremptorily refused to meet in convention with her and other European powers, to make new ar rangements upon the subject, for the reason that Denmark did not propose to submit to this Convention the question of her right to collect these dues,-by her imposed, which lie regards as a tribute, and declaring that we prefer war to tribute. He closes this subject with a hope that there may be some satisfactory arrangement made thereon and with a promise that should there not lie, lie will aeain call the attention of Congress to the subject with a recommendation of such measures us may be necessary in the premi ses. With France, Greece and Spain, we are upon amicable terms, nil difficulties having been concluded satisfactorily. Spain hal ing made reparation in the Rlaek Warrior nil air, and speedy reparation anticipated in that of the El I lorado. Mexico from internal commotions, lias af forded no opportunity for our Government to ask for, and receive redress for private injuries, for which that Depublic is respon sible The condition of the Nicaraguan Govern ment has induced the President to call up on the citizens of the United States to ab stain from unlawful intervention in its af fairs. Treaties have been formed between our Government and that of the Two Sicilies, .Nicaragua and the Hawaiian Kingdom. Hie report upon the condition of the Na tional 1 reasury is most fluttering. Our na tionr.l debt U reduced t,, l os .s than $40,000,- 000. The receipts for the last fiscal rear amounted to $fi5,0U3,«:i0, from all sources, w hile our expenditures for the same time, exclusive of payments upon account G f the public debt, was $5G,SiG;>,:j'.):i. Reduction of the Tariff without varying ! the present scale, is recommended. The six Steam Frigates provided for by the last Con gress, will soon be completed mid ready for service. In the I’ost-Oflice Department for the past year, there has been an excess of expendi ture over the receipts, of nearly $3,000,000. The cost of mail transportation is near $700,- 000 greater than that of the previous year. The Indian difficulties in Oregon and Washington Territories are adverted to, and steps taken which are presumed to be suffi cient to their final adjustment. The disorderly conduct of the citizens of Kansas has as yet not warranted the inter ference of the General Government, it be ing an agitation of a subject left to them to settle among themselves. A hope is expres sed that the better judgment of the people will so far gain the ascendency as to settle the difficulty without intorferance on the part of Congress or the Executive. Under the head of ' Constitutional theo ry of Government* the President ably can vasses and supports ‘ State rights' evincing a thorough knowledge of the political econ omy of our confederation and of the social and political relations intended to lie estab lished, and which should ever be maintained and regarded between the different Elates of the Union. Under flic head of ‘ Constitutional rela tions of Slavery’ the President most ably considers the slave question ; presenting to the whole field of political demagogues both North and South, the absurdity of their fa natical bobbies, lie boldly maintains non intervention on the part of the general Gov ernment leaving the settlement and determi nation of domestic institutions to all incipi ent States and Territories, by vote of their respective citizens. The President thus patriotically concludes his message : ‘The interests, the honor, the duty, the peace, the prosperity of the people of all sections are equally involved and imperiled in this question. And are patriotic men in any part of the Ciiion prepared on such an issue thus madly to invite all the consequen ces of the forfeiture of their constitutional engagements '! It is impossible. The storm of frenzy and faction must in evitably dash it self in vain against the un shaken rock of the Constitution. J shall never doubt it. 1 know that the Union is stronger, a thousand times, than all the wild and chimerical schemes or social changes which are generated, one after another, in the unstable minds of visionary sophists and interested agitators. I rely confidently on tip- patriotism of the people on the digni ty and self-respect of the States —on the wisdom of Congress, and, above all, on the continued gracious favors of Almighty God, to maintain, against all enemies, whether at home or abroad, the sanctity of the Consti tution, and the integrity of the Union.* rK:i«;i:v]i.i.i: .Mink--. —The immense quan tity of snow about this place lias until with in a short time entirely precluded the possi bility of claims being worked. Last week, however, water was forced through the Paces and sluicing operations have com menced. As yet but. tittle washing lias been done; all are, however, anticipating an abun dant yield of gold. From the appearance of the country we believe their anticipations will be fully realized. It is surprising to us that this section of our county is allowed to remain so compara tively-little worked. We do not believe that \\ caver in her palmiest days boasted richer gold deposites than are now lving in the ltidgeville district untouched. We have talked with a number of intelligent miners residing and working there, who informed us that in their opinion the richest leads have only been worked in spots; in many places the depth from the surface to the bed rock has prevented them from being pros pected. There is water enough on the dig gings for a thousand men. We recommend prospectors to try the ltidgeville mines, AIuinitv Cutet i atixu Limuitv.—This so ciety, although only organized a short time, numbers 10 members. W e have looked over the catalogue of books ordered and no tice many valuable and useful works. This is a praiseworthy enterprise and we trust it will meet with the success it merits. The membership fee is only three dollars, and we certainly know of no way in w hich that amount could be more profitably invested. The regulations of the society are such that per ons living at, some distance from Wcu \crville can become members and procure books. The Society meets ai the Court I louse on Monday evening next. We should be pleased to see a large addition to the members on that evening. The advantage of coining- forward now is, that the Society will be enable to speedily procure additions to the Library. Vtiunity HlVKR. We have been informed that the miners along the Trinity are begin ning to work in earnest. At Big Flat the large wheel at the head of the fiat supplies the miners with an ample quantity of water, and they are fust sending the “top dirt” down the river. At other points along the river mining operations are nourishing. We are in expectation hereafter of having a cor respondent in that section of country who will post us in mutters of interest occurring on the lower Trinity. f£z&~ Mi” .Ino. Anderson, of Jthodes & Whitney’s Express, furnished us with files Atlantic papers early on Monday morn* lll r. and California papers during the week, tor which we return our thanks. Jfeir* \\ e are indebted to Mr. James A. Henderson lor Atlantic and California pa pers, furnished us this week. Daring Robbery.— About 2 o’clock A. M. on the 6th inst., the hack door of the fire-proof store of A. Solomon & Co., in this place, was opened by some expert thief by removing a light from the glass door and through this removing the bar. He suc ceeded in gaining possession of all the cash in the store, amounting to about the sum of nine hundred dollars. As the thief was leaving the room Mr. Levy, one of the clerks, hud hold of him, and had quite a tussle with him in which Mr. Levy received several wounds upon his body, supposed to have been made with the nail blade of a pen knife. Supposing that lie was seriously cut, Mr. Levy let him go, got his pistol and com menced shooting, but it being quite dark the shots did not take effect. The watch man and others, attracted bv the noise, got to the rear of the store as the affair con cluded, but too late to render assistance.— Up to this time no discovery has been made which would lead to the discovery of the thief. JEG5"TVe have received of Mr. F. W. Flake, of Flake & Co.’s Express, a copy of the Yreka I'liion of the 2d inst. From it we gather the following news. The Indian war still continues; frequent fights are had, and the whites are sometimes defeated by the In dians. ('apt. Abel George is now in Yreka raising recruits for the Mounted Volunteer service in Southern Oregon. A diflieulty occurred at Scott’s Bar be tween Dr. Fit/, and a German named Elken stciu which resulted in the death of the lat ter. Dr. l’itz struck Klkenstcin in the tem ple with a pick handle fracturing his skull, from the effects of which he died. Lemuel l’ruett, the man who was arrested in this county and taken to Siskiyou, is to be tried in March next. The I man also announces a competitor in the newspaper line, called the JJutfgel, edited by the ladies of Yreka. The / 'man says—“Who would have thought three short years ago when a lady was an object of suf ficient curiosity-to attract the hardy sons of toil from llumbug, Deadwood, Greenhorn and all surrounding mines, for the purpose of being refreshed with a sight, that at this early day we should have the rare fortune of being daily furnished with a newspaper filled with the kindly glowing, soul refreshing thoughts of ladies, fresh from their source.” ARRIVAL OF THE SONORA. TEN DAYS LATER FROM THE -Ys_tlantic States. The Sonora arrived at San Francisco on the 50th nit. She brings six hundred pas sengers. The following - is a summary of the news: The President delivered his annual mes sage lo Congress on (lie 31st of December. 'File House had not succeeded in electing a < | eal;er, and tKry refused to receive (lie message as (hey were not organized. The Message, however, was given to the public. Hie House have held ninety ballots, Hanks only lacking from three lo eight votes of icing elected on almost every ballot. The New York Assembly is in a condition very similar to that of the national House of Ilejirescntatives. They have had twenty iallots for Speaker without success. The K. X. candidate has 40 votes; the Republi can 34; and the Democrat 2b. The Nicaragua Transit Company and the Pacific Mail Steamship Company arc about to amalgamate their interests. The terms are agreed upon and contract drawn. Com modore Vanderbilt is to have control of all the ships at present belonging to the two companies on the Atlantic side, and Mr. As pinwall of those running on the Pacific side. Parker II. French has received notice from U. S. District Attorney Melveon to leave the country within a reasonable length of time. Mr. Frencn replies that he has no intention of doing so. The President has made the following California nominations: For I . S. Marsha! for the Northern District of California, .las. Y. McDuffie, of Yuba; for Collector of the District of Dos Angelos, Jack AVatson, of the last named place; for Indian Agent, J. A Patterson, of Sacramento. Juluis Levy, convicted of smuggling in San Francisco, has been pardoned by (he 1’resident. Hcrricii, long C.S. Senator from Georgia, and F. S. Attorney General under Jackson, is dead. The New Haven Palladium, of Dec. 24th, gives the following account of the frightful effects of Millcrism: “Our. city lias become the scene of another atrocious crime, the ef fect, it would seem, of pretended religious belief A Mrs. Khoda Wakeman, a woman some 70 years of age, residing in Heaver st., near Dixwell, is the seer, prophetess, or leader of a small baud of believers in Millcr ism, or something similar, and the meetings of the members of the faith were held at her dwelling. Yesterday, as usual, the faithful met, and among the number was Air. Justus Matthews, a workman in the pistol factory at Whitney villc. The meeting was kept up nearly all night, and about !) o’clock this morning, Mr. Matthews was found by his son, in the (rout room of the house, with his throat cut from car to ear. Near the body was a small rope, with which the hands had evidently been bound, as the wrists bore the marks of the cord. ‘‘The story is told that the deceased, al though a partial believer in the doctrines held bv Mrs. Wukeman, did not come up exactly to the standard inculcated by her and the others, and therefore he v as a stum' j tiling block which they were justified input ting out of the way. How this may be, we do not know, but it is evident that his death was not caused by his own hand. Deceased was between 30 and 40 years of age. A jury of inquest was summoned, but they have delayed their verdict until after the post mor tem examination, which will be had this af ternoon. The following persons have been arrested on suspicion of being implicated in the murder, either us principals or accesso ries: I srael Wooden, Almeron Sandford and wife, Samuel Sly, Josiuli Jackson, Abigail Sables, Thankful S. Ilerscv. “Samuel Sly afterward confessed himself the murderer, and said that he did it on ac count of the bad spirit was in Matthews. “A few days after this, two men named Enoch Sperry and Ichabod Umberfield, were murdered in Wood bridge, Conn., by another of the ‘Wakemanites,’ named Chas. Sanford. Eit.oi f.ax News.— We take the following summary of the latest European news from the New York papers. It will lie observed that it coni] irises several features of interest : Kars has fallen by famine, and we surmise that (Jen. Williams and the garrison are in the hands of the Russians, it is, however merely surmise—for the latest advices come only to the precise point where, the last mor, sel within the walls having been consumed, a (lag of truce was being sent to Ucncral Mouravicir, oflering to capitulate. Omar l’aelia remained in front of Kutais, which the Russians hold in force. In the Crimea an attack has been made by the Russians on the extreme lines of the French. After an hour and a half of light ing, the Russians withdrew. There is nothing else noticeable from the Crimea. Roth armies are’comfortably housed and both are well provisioned. Firing continues between the north and south sides of Sebastopol Austria reduced her army to the usual ef fective force of the peace establishment. Naples publishes a Convention with the United States, defining the rights of neutrals. From France the only intelligence is that the assistance of the Rank alone prevented considerable financial embarrassment on last settlement day. Respecting the prospects of peace we have a mass of crude and contradictory state ments, made on such feeble grounds that they have ceased to even influence the Rourso. Admitting that negotiations are on foot, nothing indicates that they have advanced a step. Meanwhile, the preparations for war do not slacken. The English Rarliament will open on 31st January. It is known that considerable mis understanding prevails between Lord Pal merston and his colleagues. Palmerston and Panmurc continue to urge the war, while the rest of the Cabinet are desirous to em brace the present opportunity for peace, and in this (peace) view the Emperor Napoleon is stated to incline. Palmerston holds the threat of dissolution of Parliament over his colleagues’ heads. Scai’.citv of Ladies. The Town Talk, speaking of the scarcity of ladies at the sev eral Theatres in San Francisco, says : ‘There were no ladies in the dress circle of the Metropolitan, or San Francisco Hull on Tuesday evening, and but three at the Union Theatre.’ The Sjiiril of Ike Age suggests that it is no wonder, when managers of Theatres re fuse to protect them from the impertinence of black-legs like Cora, or the contamination of shameless harlots. JOhA" itlliull, 1 he man confined in the County Jail, was taken before lion. It. T Miller on Tuesday last, on a writ of Habeas Corpus. After a hearing the Judge re manded the prisoner into tiic custody of the Sheriff. On bis w ay from the Court House to the Jail the prisoner attempted to run; he was, however, soon overtaken by Deputy Sheriff Watson and locked up. A woman by the name of Ives shot her husband through the head, at San Fran cisco, and killed him instantly. She sup posed the pistol was not loaded, and in tended merely to intimidate her husband who had been treating her badly. Itet?" Mr. 1'. \\ . lilake has supplied us with Atlantic and California papers during the jiast week, tor which he will please ac cept our thanks. The Misses I’elby and Cleveland, as sisted by several amah urs, give a musical entertainment at the Weaverville Theater on Sunday evening. I f' Six companies on 'fable Mountain recently washed out 100 pounds of gold in two days. The communication from “An In. quircr’ unavoidably crowded out. Xu&zte&t r^'o'ws. TEI1RIBLE STEAMBOAT DiSASTFR!! CO UXHEZS LOST ! ! ♦ O ♦ ARRIVAL OF THE X ICAllAC il'A STEAMER ! On Friday afternoon, Mr. Jas. A. Hen derson placed us in possession of the Stale Journal of the 5th, and N. 'l. Herald and Times, by the Nicaragua Steamer, with la ter dates from the Atlantic. We learn from Mr. Clias. Shafer, the Mail rider from Shasta to this place, who left Shasta yesterday afternoon, that the Steam er .1 telle while on her upward trip on Wednes day morning, burst her boilers, when about 10 miles above Sacramento, killing about !J0 persons, among who were supposed to be Mr. McCabe, Rhodes A Whitney’s Messen ger, and Mr. Clias. Bowen, Express rider for F. W. Blake & Co. of this place. I t is feared that Mr. J. W. Thoman, with his new Theatrical Company for this place, were on board, as they were to have left San Francisco on Monday morning. Report says that most of the olliecrs on board were killed. The following extract of a letter from S. A. Knight, Esq. Agent of Wells, Fargo & Co. at Shasta, to F. W. Blake, of this place, has been kindly furnished us by Mr. Blake t Shasta, Feb. 7tli, 2S5(i. F. t\. Iti.AKK, Esq.- Dear Sir: —We have juet leane d that the Steamboat little, that left Sacra mento Wednesday morning, lias blown up, and from 20 to 20 passengers are supposed to have been lost. Chaui.ky llowicx was undoubtedly on board tin; Boat, and 1 am fearful he may he one of the victims. Rhodes & Whitney’s Messenger is lost. J have received no despatch from below vet, but from what 1 can learn, I am fearful of the worst. \\ ill write as soon as I learn the particu lars, Yours, truly, Sami.. A. Km out. The arrival of the Nicaragua steamer brings us later dates from the Atlantic side. There is nothing important in the way of news. The contest for Speaker still con tinues: some ol the papers, however, express a belief that Banks will eventually be elec ted. ' r l here is no later important war news from Europe—peace rumors are circulating, but nothing delinite known. M e have also been favored with a copy of the Stale Journal of the nth of February. I he Legislature appears to be considering a very large number of bills. We notice no hill of importance before them. 1 According to Mr. Upton's appropriation bill it is estimated that the State Rrisou ex penses )ier annum, under tiie new retime, will he $110,000. NtH*rameaifo ( Sachamknto, January 2ttli, 185(5. Eihh r <j the .Iciinuil: — 'i ou urc aware that whilst the important question of 1 . S. Senator was in agitation the members could not give the necessary attention to the details of ordinary business, so that until within the three days past lit tle was done. That question has been per mitted to settle iido quietude, but it only sleeps, and will bo agitated again with re newed energy between the parties. Flint is execrated by the party to which lie belonged and despised by those who have cajoled hint into his present position. There will be a popular gathering at San Francisco to-mor row evening to give expression to their in- (o tile last contract made by the late boari| of directors, which was that for clothing and provisions tor the prisoners at 90 cents per day which only costs in cash 29 cents. A bill's pending in the Assembly to ap point an agent to visit Washington in re gard to the A\ nr debt. Congress nppropri ated $900,000 to pay so much of that debt as had been actually incurred and paid by this Ktate. The Secretary of War refuses to pay over any of this without seeing the original vouchers upon which the State paid the amount, and it is thought necessary to send an agent there who is acquainted with the subject matter. The House bill con tained two blanks (the name of the agent and the amount to be paid.) The first was filled with the name of Samuel II. Smith, and the other will probably be filled with $5000. There was an effort made to girt