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The Trinity journal. [volume] (Weaverville, Trinity County, Cal.) 1856-1857, April 12, 1856, Image 2

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Write to Your Fri*nm e flip the
following pointed rebuke of a too common
fault of Californians, from the Marysville
It is criminal negligence for men in this
country to alarm llieir friends in the East
by long and inexcusable silence. We see
men every mail day who say “Well, I ought
Co have w ritten home, I have not written
for six months.” No wonder our home
friends think this n bad country, which can
so change men. We received u letter from
a gentleman in the East by the lust mail,
containing most anxious inquiries about hi
son. Now that sou is well, has plenty o!
time.to write, and really is living a sober
and decent life, but vet has not sent a mes
sage to his parents lor a twelvemonth. 11 is
mother is ill the deepest distress concerning
him, and never expects to hear from him
again This is only mentioned ns an in
stance. We doubt not there are hundred*
of sons, husbands and brothers, in this State
guilty of a similar negligence. It is a shame,
and a sin! We ho|ie this reminder may 1m
the means of making some fellow w ho is „o«
loafing about the corners and public house-,
go immediately to his room and write a h i
ter to the home “where the old folks stay.”
IIow to G kt Letters krom Home. A
young merchant’s clerk, who had Ixrn in
California since IH4H, without limiting his
fortune, found it a very ditlicult matter to
get any letters from home, and particularly
from a young lady to whom lie w as engaged
when he started "round the Horn.” About
six months since he entered into a small
mercantile speculation, and it resulted very
fortunately, and he was very much eluted.
He felt confident thus in a month or so his
wures would rise so that he would have n
snug little sum to live on, and thinking that
he would like to retire to a farm, he wrote
home to an acqnnintuncc, asking the price
of a certain fine farm not very far front Lay
ton, Ohio. A reply came, in about three
mouths’ time, und with it, very mueh to his
surprise came u number of sympathising lei
ters from his intended that was, and trout a
number of other young ladies and their
frie”ds, who apparently had been taken with
a sudden great tncudship for the young man.
He has concluded to remain here, Utah i the
impression that he would not be sale in the
vicinity of Daytou. —( 'hrvnule.
The Masonic Grip. — At the recent fesli
val of the 1’rovinciul Grand Lodge, nt (lias
gow, Sir Archibald Allison, the historian,
mentioned that during the assault ot: the
Redan, a small party of soldiers led up to
one of the guns placed in a recess, were re
ccived by a body of Russians, and the Eng
lish oflieer was about to be bayoneted, when
chancing to catch the Imml ol the Russian
oflieer, he had presence of mind enough to
give him a masonic grip. The Russian in a
moment struck up the bayonets of Ins so!
diers, led his newly found brother to the
rear, and treated him with ull the kindness
of a mason.
A Cave with a Man in it. — On the 20th
ult. a Imml of laborers on the Central Rail
road, in Alleghany county, V«., on (,'tidy’s
lection, penetrated a cave, the mouth of
which was about 1105 feet from Jackson's
river- Some of the workmen entered it, nod
continuing on their course, passed under tin*
river uml came out on the other side ol n
In the cave was found the dead bo ly ol' a
hunter, with all the equipments lying mm
him. About $0000 in bonds, pnyublc to
Mrs. A Cross, und dated lh2!l, were Imiml
on the body, which was in a wonderful stall'
of preservation. The bonds are signed by
many of the oldest citizens of Alleghany ami
liutli counties.
Flush Times in New Enui.anh. - A let
ter from a young lady in u iiiaiiufai'ttiring
town in Massachusetts to a friend in tin
city says: “I am sewing braid, Imt they
think the men I sew for, will tail. Some ol
the girls are milking pants at live cents a
pair, and take ‘store pay’ at that Tiny
complum that the prices at the store from
which they are compelled to receive their
pay, are very high. Is this not oppressing
the poor?"
The keeper of an intelligence ofliec in this
city informs us that lie bus some sixty young
Women waitiug lor situations, either ol Whom
would rather ‘‘lay still und rot" some ol
them clcguuily express it .) I Inin wink I < > i
less thuu tmny dollars pir imniili, m u m
families where, it their conduct w.inwulnl
it, they w ould lie I rented as msIci s or nan ii
ters rather than servants, ami tin loo when
housekeepers are paying eight eenls pi r
puiiud for potatoes, and when Hour i.> rising
ut u rate 1 lint never wus necomplishcd by
any kuowji yeast.— ( 'hronicle.
Insanity Increasing.— We regret to
Icuru from the Jiejiubliain that the nuniher
of insane patients arriving at the IStnekton
Asylum is increasing w ith alarming rnpidit v,
and that the bmldmgs in a short time will
tie insufficient to accommodate all tins elus>
of unfortunates who limy apply for ndiiiis
■ion. From Saturday morning until Sun
day evening Iasi, no less than tifleen new
coses were admitted Of this number ten
were from iSun Frumiseo, two from Sana
mento, ami three from El Dorado county.
Distress amonu the Mormons The Sac
iTHiiieiito Union learns by a private letter
that much distress prevails at Salt LuUt
The snow has been many feet in pin t ions ot
thevullcyj a large number ol entile Imvi
-died; some of (lie Saints have been reduced
to the necessity of eating the eurcusses ol
dead cattle, ami scvcrul families have been
frozen to deutli.
■ " ■«>►» ■■
A Rio Ice Pond. —Luke Michigan has
been frozen over this year, for the first lime
within the memory of that respectable imli
vidual, “the oldest inhabitant”

Population ok St. Louis.— A census of
the city of St. Louis is now completed.
The InteUigenai says the population is 122,
Okkkbk.ii for a Gooii Purpose. Thu “El
Dorado" of Sun Francisco, formerly a eele
hruted gambling house, lias been tillered to
the Hoard of Supervisors, at a moderate
rental, for county purposes,
r-tt~L. I'. FliilJKli, Is our authorized agent
in .-an Francisco, to obtain advertisements ami
/S' Mr. E. G. Joei.in is our authoriz' d Agent
to solicit Subscriptions and Advertisements, at
Lewiston, Hates’ Iinncb, Ridgeville, and at other
points on his route.
W. Hav i i iv, is our regularly authoriz'd
Agent to rnlir.' t Subscriptions und Advertisement -
at Cafion City.
To Ahvehtiskiis. Persons having Advertise
nu ills for iiisi i lion 114 the Jot iinai.. " ill ph use to
leave them at the olliee ol publication early on
Friday morning.
*•#»-Single copli of the Jot iinai., in vrrappir*,
fill the A 1 11111 1 c Mail, can lie hud at the publica
tion office.
On Monday evening lust, ii in:in nmiii'il
I tennis Murray wim -lint on Main street, in
front of the Itiiinn liilliard Saloon, by .John
J-'eliley. 'l'lie eirenni ■lances of the murder
as far as Known, 11s these. It uppeurs that
Feliley, who is a miner, hail a (juarn I with
his partner early in thecveiiing, during which
lie received a si rateh Oil the lace. This up
pears to have exasperated him, and he com
inenced drinking very freely. During the
evening lie had a conversation with an ne
(juninlnnee in relation to the diilieulty he
tween himself and partner. In the eour e
of the conversation, Feliley remarked that
he had J-ouiething in his hrciist lor tho. e who
had interfered with him, at the snme time lie
drew a pistol, cocked it, and extending his
arm, fired, the hall striking Murray in the
hack of the head, and lodging in the brain,
Murray was standing about tenor twelve
feet off, and it is supposed with his buck to
wards Feliley, taking no part in theeonvir
sation, and wholly unconscious of being in
any danger lie lingered, apparently in
great agony until Tuesday morning, when lie
died, without having given any signs of con
Feliley was immediately arrested and ta
ken to jail A n examination was had before
Justice Vaughn on Thursday, w hen lie .wa
committed to await, the act ion ol the < * rand
Whether the pistol was find deliberately
at Murray, or whether 11 was the result of a
drunken man’s folly and recklessness, is as yet
a matter of doubt. Ii the former, it is 1 it
lanily a most cold blooded murder, if on the
other hand, Felilev had no intention ol shoot
mg Murray, filing a pistol in a public street
where people lire constantly passing to ami
fro, is in itself siillieiently atrocious to merit
I lie sevi rest punishment.
Mr Murray was a remarkably ipiiet, in
offensive man, highly esteemed by all his ne
(piainlanees, lie ami his brother have long
been residents of our count v, and were ju.-l
mailing arrangements to visit their old
home, when this untimely event oeeurnd.
(Ionsram. 1 Wins 11 nd \\ m I.oWiii:n, ol
this place,arrived in tow n 011 Thursday night,
having in charge a limn by the name ol I’al
lick Thurman, w lioiu they arrest cd at I' re ml 1
(2nidi, on suspicion of having been concern
ed in the late K\press lobbery
Tliiirmaii lias been living in the upper part
of the county for some time past, and his be
havior since the robbery have been so singu
Inr that suspicion was aroused that lie was
concerned in the robbery.
Wr.vv r : 11 1 Tin vim Tins place of
II ilMISI Hie I i l.( ,|| 1 aim I ll, mill W dl SI III
at bast lid) more than before. An ml
ditiomil number ol private boxes will be
lidded thus ulfording greater aeeomnioda
lions for familiC' It is expected that Mr
'I’ll 1111 will have several talented artistes
from San Francisco, ami the theatre will
probably lie opened sometime during the
coming week with a more attractive com
pany than has yet been presented to the
theater going community in this sect ion.
Dkowm 11 A man iiiiiihtI John lioekhurd
was drowned on f'uiidny last, while at templ
ing to cross Trinity river in a small boat, nl
French liar lie was about twenty five
yours of age, and a nntiveof Niagara, N N
I,Ki. 1st,ativ r A 1 oiiciiitciiI resolution
has passed both branches of the I legislature
fixing the time of the final adjournment up
to April ‘Jlsl An act incorporating the
town of Fun ka, Humboldt Hay, has also
passed hot h houses.
Tiunity Thfatku. This theater, under
the uiuuilgeilielit of Mr J 11 I’aulliii, has
been well sustained during the week. Miss
Funny Howard us 11 diuisiifsf makes great
exertion to please, mid is a very easy mid
graeelul dancer Master and Miss I’nullin,
in songs and dances, me very amusing to
the audience. The entire eoinpuny sustain
their diameters well, and we doubt not will
succeed .
A very nttruetivc bill is olfereil for this
evening. The mein drama of “The Adopt ed
Child,” the turee ol "A Kiss in the Hark,"
and a divertiseinent. of songs and dunces,
will couelituto the entertainment.
Who will bo the next Victim ?
The practice of firing pistols in our public
streets is a matter of too common occurrence,
ami it is time it should be stopped. It has
been a source of wonder to us tlint men
have not been more frequently shot by this
promiscuous firing of pistols. Those com
mitting these offences should be severely
punished, whether their crimes ure attended
with disastrous consequences or not, for it is
certainly not the caution of those using them
on such occasions, that no one is hurt. '
have noticed, too, that in nine cases out ol
ten when a pistol had been discharged by
some reckless person (laboring under theef
feels of strong drink,) if any one is injured
it is sure to be some peaceable and quiet
citizen, who accidentally happens within tin
range of the murderous bullet. Such wm
the fuel in the ease of Mr. Murray whose
unfortunate death is recorded in this duy't
paper. It behooves every good citizen hav
jug regard for the public good and his per
s< ,ml safely to use all means within his pow
er to stop this glowing evil. Our peace ol
licers should be on the alert, and never ul
low a' druuki n man to retain a pistol in hii
possession. The legislature hud under con
sideration this session a stringent law in re
gnrd to carrying deadly weapons. We d<
not know whether il has passed or not, but
believe it is absolutely necessary that a law
should be passed to prevent, as lur as pos
sibli', the carrying and using upon the slight
cut occasion deadly weapons. Very mail)
carry weapons because others do. W c w mile
say, then, to that class of our citizens leavi
your arms at home, and set an c.xiimph
which may lie billowed by others, and pel-
Imps save yourselves and then i lifetime ol
mi, cry and remorse, for a deed done in the
heal of passion or excitement, ul which yom
souls would revolt in calmer moments. Man
is seldom so hardened in villiiny tlml he docs
not afterwards regret the commission ol a
crime, and nearly all the murders in t'ali
fornin arc committed without premeditation,
in the excitement of the moment, caused in
almost every instance hy the too frequent
use of intoxicating liquors, and would not
occur at all did not the parlies in their so
Iht moments provide thrlli.-rlvcs with wrap
ons, to lie used when liquor has made them
linin'. As things are now , no one is safe in
pa mg through our public streets. \Vc
Know not nt wlmt moment a messenger ol
dcatli may conic crashing through our brain.
I,< l us all, linn, use our individual influence
to put an cud to this evil, for we cannot tell
who will he the next victim.
I Me notice with pU'nsurr n jrrout number
til' our citizens living on the outskirts of
town nrn setting mil simile ami fruit trees,
mill nmking gnnleiis nlioul tlicir dwellings.
'I'lijs is ii most luudnlilc undertaking, unil
should lie eni'ouriiged In 11 very short time
with n little cure our town would i>rcsent
(he ii|i|)eureuee of lung settled villnges in
older countries. The nmin street of Idiggs
villi' |>i i M ills ii inosl (dousing ii|i|iciirnnco ill
ivmlv, mid if others living nlong that street
will follow the example set them, and place
n row of shade trees in front of Their prom
i>es, they will most assuredly reap a benefit
therefrom in the consciousness of having
added to the comfort and pleasure of those
who come lifter them, even though they
themselves should lie thousands ol miles
nwii v \Yr should get over this idea ol lucre
|y .</:i/itin in m < hdiforuiu, and make arrange
meats for the future, for certain it is that
not more than a third of our present popti
latiiiii who think of leaving California will
ever do so I»v expending a little time and
money vve could ill a few years haven lienil
lilul little town, when men could send for
their families with the pleasant anticipation
of welcoming them to a home, not much in
h run to the old one they were leaving.
The ranches along the different streams in
the county arc also setting out a great mini
her ol fruit trees, and in a few years we shall
have an uliundanee of home i iuh’iI fruit A p
pie trees appear to grow with reiunrknhle
thrift incss, und we doubt not will produce
good fruit
The rapid strides with which improve
incut is now going on in every particular,
induces us to believe that the time is not far
distnut when we of the mountains will be
aide to stand without assistance.
I rum liliiiilri- A Whitney we Imvi 1 received lull
tiles nl llir /'.'ivu in ft fiulh'lin. anil oilier favors.
I i iiiii Itnwe A l ii'ii Kvprrss, a supply nl Sami
im iilu mill Shu I'i iiiuuh ii pajii i ts during 1 lie vveeli.
Kmni Killin' A < 'n. nil ill. Iiilr dailies mill week
lien, mill llu' X n’Krt / limn
• • .
Tub (liUM) .h itv litivo been sedulously
engaged in I In' diseharge ul I lo ir ilutirs da
ring tlio xvi'i'k They will probably dose
their labors In day.
Ni ws reached here yesterday I lint l ’ mier
SheriIV Messie, of this county, had iirrested
in (Ini Kuernmento valley Newton, one nl
the robbers nl the Kxprcss, and was on the
truek of others.
Rain lias continued falling during the lust
week, and almost sufficient has fallen to sat
isfy miners and farmers, at least for the pres
We have received a Communication, ac
companied by a petition to the Hoard of Su
pervisors, for the appointment of a Road
Overseer for Sturdivant District, with a re
(juest to publish. This petition it would seem
i, a counter one to a petition adrerlisril in our
columns last week. We cannot publish it in
any other manner than us an advertisement.
We do not, however, see the necessity of pub
lishing petitions of this sort, as they will be
laid before the Hoard of Supervisors when
they meet, and it is for them to decide be
tween them.
l/'I’m; Riik/eyii.i.e miners are doing well.
At present, they have an abunhiyice of wa
ter, affording every facility for the easy work
ing of claims. No new discoveries have been
lately made, mining being principally restrict
ed to the old localities. We were somewhat
surprised, on a recent visit, to learn that but
little prospecting had been done this spring.
We think there are rich undiscovered pla
cers in that section of the County, and feel
confident that Ridgeville and vicinity will
yet ■become a place of importance as a rich
ly yielding mining district.
Miss Riz/.ik Hikiiank and her troupe we
learn have been very successful in getting
full houses at the towns along the river.
We are informed by a gentleman who wa
pn cut at Caftoii City, that they to played
at that place on both Sunday and Monday
evenings, to a large and delighted audience.
At North Fork they were also well receiv
ed. From North Fork they go lo Hig Flat,
and then return to Weaver, by way of Ore'
gon (iuleli, where they perform on Saturday
Merril l an’s H.vi.i., at Hig Flat, came oil'
Inst evening. II, was our intention to have
bein present upon the occasion, but unfor
tunately for us our numerous duties at home
n mlered it impo .-able to leave \\ e led as
sured we are the losers thereby.
The Order of Id. Clampsus \ it us are in a
most nourishing condition in this place Ap
plications for udmisfllonnre coming in faster
thau they can be initiated.
|/Cano,\ Currs. We learn that the mines
on the Creek lire handsomely renmneraliiig
many, and the prospects are, that the pres
ent season will be a rich gold harvest for mi
ners in that locality We arc informed that
one company on the Creek is taking out a
pound and a half of gold per Uny.
‘ Kamiii.I' ii." We received your minimi
ideation too late for insertion in this week's
paper; sorry but cun'! help it.
N aiihow F « \i-i On Tlini': 4a} evening
as Mr. Doherty was drawing a bucket of
water from Collins' well, on Court House
lull, his feel slipped from under him and pre
cipitated him head foremost into the well.
Strange to say, although the well is lit! led
deep, he received only a lew slight bruises.
Some persons „\\ ere toil iiutd.elv within hear
ing and rescued him iiiiiiU'diatdy Trom his
Illleouiforlable po i! ion
fiu>" K\ (iovcriior John lligler left on the
steamer of lIn* filli inst., for tin* purpose ol
| m j i 11K n \isil to the At hint ic Ht ut oh.
Mn. tiro. Ill i.mk’h dancing school is in u
most nourishing- eomlition, numbering a class
(•oin|ioM'(| of nlioul sixty of the sterner sex,
ami another composed of unite a number ol
“Heaven's last best gill toman.”
II.ivnisiV Co.'s Humboldt K.xpress has
been expected to arrive for several days
past W e presume the Indian dillieullies
have delayed Mr. Shatter
I’. S 1 I’M t *ii Axil v has arrived
"I mrts Imliaiisipiiet Helms furnished us
with topics of the llumboldl Turn ' of March
2IMh, and April bill, fur which we lender
Court ol' Spssions.
Tin 1 April Trim of tin* Court of Sr 'ions
rommriirrcl ou Moutlay, tIn* Till iiist, lion.
15. T'. Miller, |n'fsiilinjr. <) II |‘ Norrro.ss
ami Win f \ aughmi, Associates
111 I wan) I’olhiek, l !si| , w as appointed |)is
trirl Attorney by I lie Court, for Hie pri >
ent TVrm. The Oruml .Inn were Ilim tin
ly ciupmincllcil, nflrr w liicli (la y w ere eliare;
eil liy 11is Honor, Judge Miller, us follows
Uentkmen «f Ifh• Urn ml .htnj i
You me cniptiiinolleil for this term of this
('ourt, for t lie pm pose of eiupiiring into sm I;
oriuiinhI charges, arising in 1 lie (Vuinh of
Trinity, ns shall lie presentnl for your eon
siilrrat ion.
I mu aware, gentlemen, that jury July in
general, ami more especially that liraml ju
ry duly is an unpleasant anil disagreeable, as
well hr ungrateful task ; ami I am also aw are
that the most exemplary rili/.ms, as (irmnl
jurors, sometimes make violent enemies for
life by the liolil and fearless manner in which
they discharge their duties. Hut these are
sacrifices which every good eiti/.eu is at times
compelled to make for the benefit and well
lieing of the community in which they li\e,
ami the happiness of society at large Those
whose nets may unfortunately lie the object
of your serunity, or who have friends that
have laid themselves liable to have their
acts investigated ami reported upon by you.
should remember that your assembling has
not been a voluntary proceeding on vour
part that you have not voluntarily eousti
tilted yourselves the judges of their nets
but that you have been summoned and com
pelled to attend here, perhaps against your
own inclinations and private interest, by n
Court, constituted by tlie Government under
which you live unil nssist in maintaining,
uiid whose lawsyon respect mid obey. I here
nmv be some ; ilicre no doubt will lie some
who will find built with you if your duties
ure discharged with rigid firmness, m.d
strictlv in accordance with the oaths you
have all just taken. I tut gentlemen, for the
reputation of our County, their number, 1
hope is insignificantly small ; their interests
are adverse to the best interests of society
and good government, and it will make but
little difference with you whether you re
ceive their praises or incur their censure.—
II voiir duties ns Grand jurors lire discharg
ed fait lit ully and firmly, you are certain to
receive the approval mid approbation of that
better, and 1 hope far more numerous class
of citizens, who re pent and obey the laws
of the land, and who are always found fore
most in promoting the happiness, good order
and well-being of the community in which
they live. Therefore, I hope the duties which
you are about to commence, unpleasant and
disagreeable though they are, will he dis
charged with that firmness mid independence
erne and prudence which their importance
There is no more responsible position which
n citizen can occupy than that of a Grand
juror. The responsibilities which attach to
il are of the greatest moment, not only to
the iml'ortiinate licensed, whose nets you may
be culled upon to investigate, but to the
community at large. The interests of the
public are commit ted to your charge, and
the intcri stsof the accused is in your hands,
and it is your duty to guard them with the
most, zealous cure, remembering that the de
fendant in your n jiirlr investigations has
no other shield against injustice than vmir
own impartial and honest judgment. There
is no place where the maxims of the golden
rule “do untoothers as £011 would have oth
ers do unto you,” a]>|dies more aptly or more
beautifully, than in the Grand jury room.
'The oath which you have all just taken, in
its beautiful and comprehensive language,
is in itself a sullieient charge, and furnishes
11 sale guide for your deliberations if kept
constantly in view, you cannot materially
If any member of the Grand jury know,
or have cause to believe that a public of
fence has been committed, which is triable
within the County, lie must declare the same
to his fellow jurors, uho shall thereupon in
vestigate the same. If any member of the
(J rand jury should have formed or expressed
his opinion ns to the guilt or innocence of any
person charged with an nlfeiie, it is the duty
of such juror to retire from the room, while
such charge is being investigated, mid to
take no part wdiatcver in the consideration
of the charge, or t lie deliherations of the
Grand jury thereon. And I would suggest
tlmt your Secretary in keeping the minutes
ol your proceedings, should note the absence
of any juror who may retire from your de
liberations for this muse, mill also note the
pnrlieiihir ease under ennsiderat ion when I lie
juror retired. No one who has aeliial bias,
or who has either formed or expressed a de
cided opinion l hut I lie defendant is guilty of
the offence charged, would be a competent
juror, therefore when 11 ease comes up before
you, if any member lias cither formed or ex
pressed a decided opinion ns to the guilt of
the parly charged, bo should retire while
the charge is being investigated.
't he District Attorney is your legal advi
ser, mid should lie allowed nl all times to ap
pear before you mi bis reipiest, for the pur
pose of giving information or advice, relative
to any matter before you, and may interro
gate witnesses lor you whenever you may
deem il necessary. Ivxeepl the District At
lonicv, no person should be permitted to lie
present before the (1 rand jury, besides the
w it nesses net 110II v under exmniimlinn before
you, mid no person should be permitted to
lie present during the expression of your
opinions, or giving your votes upon any mut
ter before you.
I'.vcry member of the Grand jury lioiild
keep scent wlint ever he, or any ol her (i rand
Juror may have said, or in what manner ho
or any other juror may have voted on any
mutter before them I am satisfied gentle
men, from personal observation and experi
ence, that sullieient tit lent ion is not paid to
this injunction of secrcsy provided by the
Statute. Persons in this place have been
informed that they have been indicted by
the Grail;! jury, when I was satisfied that at
the time tlie ('oiirt did 11 ■ I even know of the
fuel This is wrong, mid in many cases might
defeat the ends of justice. It is il misde
meanor and contempt, punishable In lino ••ml
imprisonment, lor a Grand juror, District
\ ttorm \, ('lei k, orot her ollicer of 1 he t'ourt,
In disclose the tact ol 11 presentiment having
been made loru felony, until the Defendant
has been arrested
I lie G rand jury must cui|iiiro into the ease
nf every person contined in the Comity jail,
on u criminal charge and not, indicted ; into
the condition and iiuiiia . ement of the 1 iris
on. mid into the wil'ful and corrupt miscon
duct in ollice of all public ollicers of every
dcdrip;ion, within the Count\ You arc
entitled at all times to 1111 examination of
the public Iteeonls of the County, free of
A mi should receive none hut legal evi
dence, and do not net, in any ease, without
you have such evidence before you, derived
b’oiii I lie w it nesses t liemsel ves, or from depo
-itions properly taken and certified. It
were far better not to find a bill at all, ra
tio r than present one without the nceessan
evidence to support il. On tins point I think
your duly is plain, never to indict, except on
such credence ns il uncoil!riidicled, would
justify you in convicting, if getting as a in
id jury, and if you are in doulit as to the law
or as to the admissibility of evidence, il is
your privilege mid y.uir duty to call upon the
District Attorney, mid upon the h al points
to be guided by him
Humors and popular clamors should luue
"o influence whatever in your deliberations.
11 is 11 pl‘ here such things should
be unheard mid unheeded that place is the
Grand Jury room, for there life, liberty mid
reputation are m stake the subject of sol
emu delibeiutioii, there tlie deteiidiuit is par
tially tried without the privilege of confront
ing his licensers or iutrodtieing evidence in
his behalf; and if one nf the thousand
longues of rumor is listened to or heeded
1 lien just ice must suffer
Dm w hile it is your duty to guard the in
let esi ol the licensed, it is eqiiullv your duty
to guard ,and well, tlie rights ami interest's
,.f tho people. The interest of soeicty—tho
permanency of our social and political insti
tutions and the welfare of the public, re
ouircs that the violations of the law should
he punished; the exalted and the lowly nro
alike subject to its inflexible mandates, and
though ruin may ensue in consequence of
your findings—still your duty and your hue
of conduct is plain. The public welfare is
|,i,-her tlmn all other consideration; those
who arc charged with the administration of
the criminal laws cannot in the performance
of their duties indulge in practical sympathy;
the pleasure to be derived from such a
source must be denied to public ofliccrs ami
reserved for persons in social hie who nro
untrammelled by public obligations.. Every
one owes a duty to the society in which they
live Von, gentlemen, owe a duty to the peo
ple of thiscounty and the State at large, and
ns grand jurors you have sworn to discharge
that duty to the best of your skill and un
derstanding. Any swerving from tho stern
mandates of the law inflicts a wrong and an,
injury upon society, and whenever courts or.
juries relax from the strict performance’ oft
the duties imposed upon them, they violate
the solemn obligation they have taken.
'I'liis Court has now none other than crimi
nal jurisdiction, ami except in appeal eases
from justices’court, it can have no other
business before it except such as you may
furnish in the sliape of indictments and pre
sent incuts. Almost all of the business whielr
can come before it must be presented by u
grand jury. Thus, gentlemen, you will sec
that you form nil important and indispens
able brunch of this Court, for without your
assistance we could do nothing. It will be
impossible for this Court to take cognizance
of ollenccs or punish offenders notwithstand
ing we may see the laws broken and tram
pled on each day, without your intervention.
You must take the initiatory step. There
can be no doubt but that crime is fearfully
outlie increase in California. Scarcely n
day passes that is not rendered memorable
by the death of persons from the hand of
violence. Kuril newspaper we see is teem
ing with the narratives of murders and hom
icides, highway robberies and larcenies; and
crimes of every description from the most re
volting and outrageous to those of the most
petty and contemptible character, are of al
most daily occurrence.
The bad stale of society here is becoming
proverbial not only in our midst, but else
where (Jumbling and intemperance have
long been so common that they arc looked,
upon as an accomplishment rather than
otherwise by a large class, especially the
young and thoughtless. I o these two causes
may lie traced much of the crime and pau
perism which is now rendering ( uliforniu a
by word mid a reproach uotouiy abroad but
even among the better class nl her own citi
zens. And let me assure you, gentlemen,
that our own beautiful comity is not an ex
ception to this rule; on the contrary, it; is
said that our county seat is becoming tluv
head(|iiarters of a class ol most dangerous
and abandoned charnel its booking at our
social and moral condition at the present
lime, we find cause for serious reflection.
Why does this state of things exist? Tho
reason, gentlemen, is not that wo have, no
laws for our government, but it is because
those laws arc not enforced. \Y e have laws,
and good ones laws which ufforil ample
protection and security to the innocent and
just, while they define accurately what i’<in
titules crime mid lix certain and severe pen
alties as the. punishment for olVeiulcrs; but,
they are not rigidly and properly enforced,
and to this cause must lie ascribed the bad
slate of morals and society now existing in
California. Mow long shall this state of
things continue? when will it cease? I be
lieve that the good time has come already.
Cur county is now rapidly settling with fam
ilies and citizens w ho have come amongst us,
bringing theirniinr tl,;‘ jmrpo.se of making it
their permanent home, a,; I as the county
lills up with that class of persons so public
opinion mid sentiment gradually changes for
I lie better l atch day’s experience tends to
emivince me that the time has conic for tho
enforcement of those laws against vice and
immorality which shall bring about, ami
speedily, a great and good change in the
moral and social condition ol the people of
this Slate To you, gentlemen, may belong
the honor and praise of taking the initiatory
step towards a much desired result
j The Judge hero read a portion of the act
against houses of ill-fame; also portions of
the act to suppress gaming; also act against
carrying concealed weapons, ami commented
upon them, j
It is your duly to enquire into all public
ollenccs milled or triable within (lie
l 'ounly of Trinity and to present them to
this ('our! either liy presentment or indict
ment II any citizen Inis committed un of
fence and you have the evidence of it before
you, indict him, no matter what may be his
position or standing in the community or
your partiality for him You should bring
to your investigations calm and deliberate
minds: present no one through malice, ha
tred or ill w ill, nor leave any uupreseuted
through tear, favor or aflcctiou, or for any
reward or for the hope or promise thereof.
Consider well and carefully every charge
brought to your notice, and let your findings
declare the truth of your investigations.—
(Jcn!Icuieti, I have endeavored to perform
mi dull Init .'.‘fully and conscientiously, and
have no doubt Imt that you will discharge
youi> in the sumo milliner. If, however,
you should fail to do so; if the law bus been
v iolut i'll mid you fail to firing; the offenders
to ju-iicc. I mn determined that the respon
siI>iIit\ shall rest with you and not with tho
t Ymrt.
I he Court then adjourned to await the ac-
I ion ol the (Jrmul Jury.
I in. Indians in llonpa \ alley, wo lenrr*
liuvo demanded a ret urn of the anus taken
lioui them by the whites. Tito Indians say
they must have the guns back.
isi’i.AKtNii ok the proposed Musquitrx
Crumpton war with Knglnnd, tho Boston
( tn< says : —‘ Suppose flint the En
glish should burn New York— that is no
'"ore than tlm New Yorkers do themselves
0 . l "' , ’ 1 l ' v, ’ r y hvo years ; and when they
Miould have destroyed that village tbav
would have the satisfaction of knowing khat
I hey hud burned $100,0(10,000 weyth of
jirojicrty belonging to thnirowQ eon juyutcu ’

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