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The Trinity journal. [volume] (Weaverville, Trinity County, Cal.) 1856-1857, May 10, 1856, Image 2

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JZ£f~L. I\ FISHER, is our authorized agent
in San Francisco, to obtain advertisements and
J&f-Mr. E. G. Joslin is our authorized Agent
to solicit Subscriptions and Advertisements, at
Lewiston, Bates' Ranch, Ridgeville, and at other
points on his route.
TV. Ravelet, is our regularly authorized
Agent to solicit Subscriptions and Adv crtisc incuts
at Cafion City.
To Advertisers.— Persons having Advertise
ments for insertion in the Journal, will please to
leave them at the office of publication early on
Friday morning.
jjsff-Single copies of the Journal, in wrappers.
for the Atlantic Mail, can be had at the publica
tion office.
Dartmouth. —Owing to a press of matter
and the late arrival of your letter, wc are
obliged to lay it over for our next issue.
Our friend Hermann of the “Branch of
the Old Corner,” will accept our thanks for
those excellent Cigars. We heartily wel
come Hermann hack to our town.
Estelle Potter
Tbc celebrated actress from the Forest
Theater, Sacramento City, has arrived in
town, and will appear in a short time, at the
Wearerville Theater, where she has an en
The Trinity Mountain Robbery, Again.
—The persons charged with this robbery
and in custody of the officers of Shasta
county, were not brought to this place by
Under-Sheriff Messec, as contemplated bv
us in our last issue. The offence was com
mitted in this county, and all the property
that has been regained was found in Shasta
county, giving either county jurisdiction of
the crime. The evidence is all in Shasta,
the prisoners are there, and the authorities
see no reason why they should not be tried
F. W. Brake, of Blake & Co.’.s Express,
has furnished us with the New York Week
lies, New Orleans True Delta, and Missouri
Republican, also, California papers.
Finances of Trinity County.
By reference to the Report of C. F. Lynn,
Esq., County Treasurer, to the Board of Su
pervisors, at their present term, it will he
seen that during the last quarter, the follow
ing amounts for the purposes therein desig
nated have been received :
State Funds $2,838 25
School iunds 7U 44
Acct. of General fund of Co 3.703 77
“ “ Public buildings, 264 13
“ “ Indigent Sick, 471 'JU
Total, S7.4US 4'J
The above amount was derived from rev
enue as follows :
Acct. Foreign Miners’ License, $3,220 84
“ Poll tax, 873 44
“ Fines paid by 0. H. P. S orcroas,
Justice of the Peace 12.00
“ Property tax, 1.317 00
“ Money received of State Treas. . 427 87
“ Licenses issued by Auditor, 1.421 25
Total $7.1US 49
The following is the amount of Warrants
redeemed during the quarter :
Amt. of Wurrants redeemed of General
Fund $3,37 0 60
Atnt. of Warrants of Hospital Fund,.. 330 50
“ *• “ Public buildings, 40 50
“ paid per order of 1’robate Court, 604 75
“ •* lor stationery, 41 25
“ for advertising, 30 00
Treasurer’s per ceutage on monies rec. 233 70
Balance iu Treasury, 1.471 26
Total, $6,126 93
The warrants outstanding against the
county, prior to the meeting of the Board of
Supervisors, at the present term, amount to
$17,643 93, deduct from the lust amount,
$1,471 2G monies ir. the Treasury, which
leaves the indebtedness of the county up to
May5th, 1856, at$lG, 172 57. Foramount
allowed ut the session of the Board just ter
minated, see report of proceedings of Super
visors. From the above statement, it will
be seen that our county is not in debt as
much as other counties that have had to la
bor uuder the same disadvantages. Until
the Spriug of 1853, we had no county seat
in the county, the county officers resided at
Wcaverville, and the county Court and
Court of Sessions were held here, but the
District Court was held at Eureka, on Hum
boldt Bay, (Humboldt couuty being a part
of Trinity, until the Session of the Legisla
ture of 1853,) and thus Justice (all that
had found its way up iu the mountains) was
vibrating over a territory of some oue hun
dred aud twenty-five miles. The citizens had
but little confidence in the laws, and it was
very difficult for the officers to collect the
revenue, and more difficult to detain persons
on criminal charges, and this could only be
done by hiring men, at enormous prices, as
guards, to prevent their escape. Under such
adverse circumstances, Trinity found herself
Mu. J. M. Langdon has returned from be
low, and informs us that he will visit Cuftou
City ou Saturday and Sunday evenings, l'oi
the purpose of giving entertainments, ii
cornpsiiv with other performers'.
Who shall it be?
To whom shall the constitutional oaui oi
office be administered, on the 4 th of March
next, as a necessary qualification to enable
him to enter upon and lawfully discharge the
duties of President of the United States?
This is the question to be solved by a free
and enlightened people iu November next.
Tlie question is of the utmost importance to
the people of the United States, in a politi
cal sense. The American Party have their
candidates before the people, and they are
well known as also the principles that they
have promulgated and sent forth to the
electors as the platform for their future ac
tion and political creed.
The Democracy will meet in Cincinnati
on the first Tuesday of next month for the
purpose of presenting their candidates to the
American people for their approval or rejec
tion. They have quite an array of talent
aspiring for conventional honors, a majority
of whom have a national reputation. Gen.
Cass, Judge Douglass, Gen. Rusk, Mr.
Wise, Mr. Hunter, Mr. Dallas, and Mr.
Buchanan arc the most prominent men for
the Presidency in the Democratic party.—
Mr. Pierce is spoken of by some as the fa
vorite of the Democracy, hut wc presume he
stands but a very slim chance of being their
nominee. Heretofore Mr. Buchanan’s chan
ces appeared to be the best—a general de
monstration throughout the Union was
made by his particular friends to bring him
prominently before the people, which was
managed well and for a time seemed to have
the desired effect—but the latest news from
the Atlantic States shows that Buchanan
stock has fallen at least one hundred pci
cent, during the past mouth. It appears
from a reported speech of his made just prior
to his leaving London that he said, “Wher
ever the English language is spoken, there
political slavery could not exist;” for which
the I risk-American is out in a strong denun
ciatory article, and asks, “Is Ireland blotted
from his memory?” and follows it up with a
number of pertinent questions of like import,
and concludes the article with the hope that
lie will explain or withdraw the offensive
language referred to, “or otherwise let us
have a Know Nothing President rather than
a toady of England.” The New York Cili
' :en follows in the same wake. The Democ
racy will not make a nomination at this par
ticular time that is offensive to that class of
our citizens. The following letter from Mr.
B. to a particular friend is very objection
able to the people of either extreme of the
Union, and we believe to a majority of the
Democratic party:
Mu. Buchanan on tut, Nebraska Ques
tion. —Some discussion having taken place
on the position of Mr. Buchanan on the Kan
sas-N’ebraska bill, we are permitted to copy
the following extract from a letter address
ed by Mr. Buchanan to Senator Sidell, dated
London, on the 23th of December last, where
there seemed to he no difference ns to Mr.
B.’s thorough identity with the democratic
party on this, ns on all other issues. It will
be seen that Mr. B. speaks of the Kansas-
Nebraska bill with his usual frankness and
decision. We are confirmed in our impres
sion by this letter, that no man, no set of
men, and no newspaper, are at all warranted
to speak authoratively for Mr. Buchanan
upon this or upon any other question, llis
own words speak for themselves.
The letter of Mr. Buchanan was not, it
will be seen, intended for publication, but
the gentleman to whom it was addressed lias
thought it necessary, after the editorial arti
cle in the Union of Wednesday last, to lay
it before the country: —
“ The question has been settled by Con
gress, and this settlement should be inflexi
bly maintained. The Missouri Compromise
is gone, and gone forever. But no assault
should be made upon those democrats who
maintained it, provided they arc now willing
in good faith to maintain the settlement as
it exists. Such an understanding is just and
wise in itself.
“ It is well known how I labored in com
pany with Southern men to have this line
extended to the Pacific Ocean. But it lias
departed. The time for it has passed away,
and I verily believe that the best—nay, the
only—mode now left of putting down the
fanatical and reckless spirit of abolition at
the North is to adhere to the existing settle
ment without the slightest thought or ap
pearance of wavering and without regarding
any storm which may he raised uguinst it.”
— Washington Union, 1'eb. 4 Iti.
We therefore conclude that James Buch
anan of Pa., will not be the nominee of the
National Democratic Convention of 1856.
A Convention is also called to meet on the
17th of next month, at Cincinnati, by the
Republican party, for the purpose of placing
before the American people candidates for
the Presidency and Vice Presidency that
entertain political views in common with
them: and they present a list of names to
be supported or taken into consideration by
that convention entertaining views as we
have heretofore supposed diametrically op
posite to each other on the very questions
that must now unite them. Here they are:
J. C. Fremont, Mr Banks, Mr. Campbell
and Mr. McLean. Seward and Chase will
not be before the Convention. It is thought
the following interesting letter from Mr.
Benton is iutended lo favor Mr. Fremont’s
nomination. We insert It In this place on
atteouu ‘ of the position the author of It has
held in the uatfon, end not on account of its
Letter from Coi.. Benton.—The follow
ing is an extract of a letter from Col. Thos.
II. Benton to a gentleman in St. Louis; —
Washington, March 12, 185G.
I never saw the duy I would be willing
to be u candidate for the Presidency, and
am now further from it than ever. Jso
earthly consideration could make me a can
didate. The Senate was once agreeable to
me, when there was a chance to do sonie.-
tliing for the State or the United States.—
But that chance seems now to be over, and
all statesmanship reduced to hurrah ou one
side or the other of slavery.
I shall come to Missouri, and of course
shall have to speak—to what extent 1 Co
not know—but certainly only for the gen
eral purjjose of aiding my friends and the
democratic cause, and without any view to
a personal consequence. Congress is no
longer desirable to me; politics have run
down too low to have any attraction forme.
I spent thirty years of my life in a coutcst
of great principles—of great measures—of
great men, av.u cannot wear out the remain
der of my days in a slavery agitation, either
on one side or the other oi' it.
I propose to continue my history from
i860 to the day of my death. This is work
enough for me, and of more dignity (to say
nothing of anything else) than acting apart
in a slavery agitation, which is now the
work of both parties, and which, in my
opinion, is to end disastrously for the Union,
let which side will prevail. A new man,
unconnected with the agitation, is what the
country wants. Thomas H. Benton.
It has been our object to present a true
and faithful account of the aspirants for
Presidential honors as affairs stood at the
sailing of the last steamer. We have no
partiality for any one particular individual
aspirant for that high position. All that
we ask is that, a man may be elected with a
mind of sufficient capacity to embrace the
whole Union at a single and continued grasp,
and then the objects of the Federal Consti
tution will have been accomplished and all
true Republicans will be content.
Executive Appointment. — I. G. Mcsscc,
Esq., lias received the appointment of Brig
adier-General, of the Sixth Division of Cali
fornia Militia. Gov. Johnson could not have
made a better selection in the whole Division,
than Mr. Mcsscc.
Favors. —About 2 o’clock, Sunday morn
ing, last, we were awakened from our slum
bers bv our friend Chas. E. Rowe, of Rowe
& Co.’s Express, and presented us with N.
Y. Herald , Times , for California, and N. Y.
Tribune, of April 5th, also, Illustrated Lon
don News, of March 15th. Wake us up
again Charley. We are also indebted to him
for favors during the week.
News of the Week.
The Court of Sessions Jins been doing up
its business at a rapid rate during the past
week, as will be perceived by our legal re
port. The present term of this Court has
done more to suppress vice, and give life and
vitality to virtue, than anything that has
been done in our town for a long time before.
The people are highly pleased, and general
satisfaction seem to prevail among our citi
zens with the result, in all their proceedings,
except the fine imposed on S Hear. We hear
but one opinion on that subject, and that is,
that he should have been imprisoned about
two months, in the county juil aud fined five
hundred dollars. A man convicted of keep
ing a bouse of that description, in a Christian
land, cannot be punished too severely. But
the Court acted conscientiously, no doubt,
in the matter, and should a second conviction
take place for a like offence, he may expect
the extreme of the law.
A Grand Jury was convened on Wednes
day, and discharged the next day, after pre
senting four indictments ; oue for murder,
against John Wise, one for drawing a dead
ly weapon, one for keeping a house of ill
fame, and the other for keeping hogs too
near a livery-stable, commonly called a nuis
ance. This grand jury were called to take
the case of Wise under consideration, as
the alleged crime took place after or about
the time the first Grand Jury was discharged.
The Board of Supervisors have also been
in Session during the week, and closed their
labors on Thursday last. The Board was
not full, Churlcs Monroe, being absent.—
Messrs. Ituch and Bailey, expedited business
as much as possible, with a due regard to
the interest of the county. The duty en
trusted to them could not be placed in bet
ter hands, although the claims allowed
amount to a large sum, by reference to their
proceedings in another column, the cause
will be readily seen.
Theater. —This place of amusement has
been but poorly attended since our lust issue,
not, however, an account of any remissness
in the energies or abilities of the company.
Better pieces, or more attractively presented,
has not characterized our boards since the
appearance of the first Theatrical Company
in our midst, than were presented the last
four nights of their performance. One cause
of small houses may be attributed to the ap
pearance of Cheap John, in a cage, cocked
hat, clown dress, accordiun in hand, songs,
dances, &e., &c., all for the accommodation
of a few suchers, that perchance may have a
dollar or two to spare for an article because
it is cheap. It is really surprising that men
of common sense will go and spend their
money at a place like this, simply because
un excitement is created, either to cover the
defects of the article exposed for sale, or the
enormous price for which it isselling. Cheap
John must sell his goods at a higher price
than our merchants or he must come by them
dishonestly r to keep up the show and buffoon
ery that lie does.
The F. ii. A. Masons of Trinity Lodge,
No. 27, at a called meeting at their Hall,
in Weaverville, on Monday evening last, re
solved to celebrate the anniversary of St.
John the Baptist, June 21th, by observing
the usual ceremonies of the day and a ball
at night.
Larceny. —A man by the name of Henry
Smith, was brought into town charged with
stealing seventy-five dollars from one man,
forty from another, and some specimens of
gold from a third. He was lodged in jail
and there awaits his trial for the different
School-House. —We are pleased to see
that this building is now in progress of con
struction, with a fair prospect of completion.
This is right and Heaven will reward you
Trustees. What say you Industry.
We learn from the Yreka Union, that
Mr. J. It. l’aullin, is at Yreka with a full
dramatic and musical troupe, including Miss
Fanny Howard, who is a host of herself.—
We congratulate our neighbors of Yreka,
for you certainly have a store of fun ahead.
Mr. Paullin is a gentleman, a fine actor, and
no one understands their profession better
than he does, after an experience of twenty
years. The only reason we do not envy you
is because we have Jacob, commonly called
Thoman, and Miss Annie Smith, with us.
Messrs. Dan. Bennett and C. F. Lynn,
of Rhodes A Whitney’s Express, have placed
us under obligations for a goodly supply of
Atlantic States papers, brought out by the
John L. Stephens, also, regular files of Cal
ifornia State papers, during the week.
Our comments on the outrage committed
on the passengers for the John L. Stephens,
are crowded out through a press of other
The Miners of Trinity County never had
a brighter prospect than at present. This
season promises to be a home-sender to many
a poor fellow, for the purpose of returning
with his better portion
The Indians up North have been defeat
ed in every engagement they have had late
ly with the troops.
The M. W. Grand Lodge of F. k A.
M asons, of this State, met at Sacramento
City on last Tuesday, at 10 o’clock, a. m,
it being their seventh annual session.
Goodness Gracious ! —This oflicc is in
debted to “Sam” of the “ Magnolia,” for a
bottle of “ Cliampaigne Cocktails.” We
hope “ Sam ” will have a little more compas
sion for our Smith ; under such attacks he
evidently weakens.
The trail to Salmon Itiver by the way of
Stewart’s Fork of Trinity is now open. Mr.
Divine informs us that he traveled the route
last week, and met a great many pack ani
mals loaded for the Salmon and between
two and three hundred Chinamen.
Court of Sessions.
II on. R. T. Miller, presiding.
O. H. P. Norcross, and Wm. F. Vaughan, Epqrs.
Saturday, May 3—
The I’coplr vs John Beshitt —Indicted for keeping
a gaming house, and found guilty. Sentence of
Court that deft, pay aline of $150.
Immediately after the sentence the deft, gave
his sureties leg bail, and left them to pay the tine.
The People vs P. McGinnis —Indicted and con
victed of keeping a gaming house. Judgment of
Court, that deft, pay a fine of $100.
The People vs .S'. Bear —Indicted and convicted
of keeping a house of ill-fame. Judgment defer
red till Monday next.
The People vs Charlotte Bush —Indicted and con
victed of keeping a house of ill-fame. Judgment
same as above.
The People vs Florence —Indicted for residing in
a house of ill-fame, for illegal purposes. Jury
cmpannellcd. Verdict,guilty. Judgment defer
red till Monday next. Hy order of Court the ju
ry was discharged for the term.
Monday. May 5—
The People vs Josephine Wolf —Indicted for resid
ing in a house of ill-fame. The deft, on motion
of W. S. Smart, was permitted to withdraw the
plen of not guilty, and put in a plea of guilty.—
Judgment deferred till Wednesday.
The People vs Medora McGlinehy —Indicted for
residing in a house of ill-fame. On motion of W.
S. Smart, deft, motion allow ed as above, and judg
ment deferred to same time.
A jury of 24 good and lawful men ordered te
be summoned, to appear at 10 o’clock, to-morrow,
to serve the Term. The Court also ordered that
a Grand Jury be summoned to meet at 10 o'el'k,
a. m. May 7. All the cases set for judgment on
to-day, arc deferred till Wednesday next.
The People vs. J.ouise Horn —Indicted for resid
ing in a house of ill-fame. Jury cmpunncled.—
Verdict, guilty. Judgment deferred till Thurs
day next.
The l’eoplc vs Fanny Clark —Indicted for resid
ing in a house of ill-fame. Allowed to w ithdraw
plea of not guilty, and enter a plea of guilty.—
Judgment deferred till Thursday.
The People vs I.ina Bidder —Indictment and pro
ceedings as above.
The People ea Sarah —Indicted for residing in a
house of ill-fame. Demurer to indictment over
ruled, and deft, pleads guilty. Judgment defer
Wednesday, May 7—
The People vs John IFiae—Held to answer for the
killing of Thos. Collins. Upon the calling of the
Grand Jury, being challenged three of the persons
were rejected for opinions formed. Grnud Jury
qualifled,and retire under the charge of the Court.
The People vs rhebe —Indicted for residing in a
house of ill-fame. Pleads guilty, and sentence
deferred till to morrow.
The Teop.'c vs Bear, and Bush— Judgment of tine,
$200 in eacli case.
In each of the other cases of conviction for re
siding in houses of ill-fame, judgment of Court,
$125 line.
The defls. were ordered into the custody of the
Sheri If until the lines be discharged. Charlotte
Bush. Josaphine, Florence, and Mudora McGlin
chv. entered into a combination to feed upon the
County for twelve or fifteen days, but the first few
hours of a residence in one of our little cells in
the County Jail, satisfied them and a few others
that they had better be elsewhere. Accordingly
they paid their tines and were released.
Thursday, May 8—
Grand Jury presented four indictments, one for
Murder, and three for Misdemeanor. Jury dis
Friday, May 9—
The People vs Ed. Kvgent- —Indicted for draw
ing a pistol. Allowed until Monday next to
plead. Released oil bail.
The People vs S. S. Ifovey— Indicted for keeping
hogs too near a Livery stable. Disposed of same
as above.
Court adjourned until to-morrow.
We are indebted to Mr. Ilulse, mail
carrier from Shasta to Big Bur, for the
Chrmvlt and Evening Buletin, of May Gth,
and Sacramento Union of 7th inst.
March 10th, 185(1. —The Empress of
France gave birth to a fine son. The name
given to him is Napoleon Eugene-Louis Jean
Superior Court.—-The Philosophy of
Demurrers. — I it the case of Paul Morin vs.
Pommier, the complaint stated that the in
debtedness for professional services was $1,-
360. There was a demurrer tiled.
Judge Shat tuck said :
I do not wish to encourage demurrers on
technical grounds, and I have tried to sus
tain this complaint; but it seems to me that
if a complaint requires anything more than
a statement that the defendant owes the
plaintiff and therefore he asks judgement, il
it ought to advise him of the nature of the
claim so as to put him on the defence, if it
should state the facts which constitute the
(cause of action, then this complaint is defec
tive. The word profession was never con
fined to any one class of persons, and now,
by common acceptation, it extends to almost
every class or occupation. And whether
the professional services mentioned consisted
in saying masses for his soul, giving him le
gal advice, administering pills, teaching him
the English or Spanish language, currying
his horse, mending his boots, or dealing faro
for him, is left entirely to conjecture. Nor
is it any more certain whether the services
were performed for the defendant, or his
neighbor, or here or elsewhere. I must sus
tain the demurrer.— Chronicle.
Tiie White Veil.— Miss Margaret On-h
en, a young lady 19 years of age, took the
white veil in the Nunnery of the Sisters of
Presentation, on Tuesday. She has two
years of probation in which to determine
whether she will assume the black veil, and
with it full sisterhood in the monastic order,
or return to the ordinary course of life.—
Interesting anti Important from Nic
Through the kindness of Win. G. English,
Esq , of this city, we are enabled to lay be
fore our readers the following extract from
a letter received by him yesterday from II.
M. Stowe, Esq., of Sacramento, who was a
passenger on the Cortez on her late trip to
San Juan. He says :
“ We arrived at San Juan del Sur on the
1st of April, in the evening, and immediate
ly several officers of Walker’s army came
aboard of the ship, among whom was Col.
Ed. Sanders, late of Sacramento, who had
just arrived at San Juan with about one
hundred soldiers and several pieces of cannon,
of which they had one mounted at the mouth
of the entrance to the harbor, and the others
were stationed opposite the landing of the
steamers, with the evident intention of at
tacking the steamer and securing possession
of her and the treasure.
11 Captain Collins of the Cortez, went on
shore a short time to obtain items, and re
turned about 1 o’clock i\ si., and promptly
issued orders to get up steam soon as possi
ble and get to sea before the passengers were
aware of it, leaving Win. R. Garrison, son
ot C. K. Garrison, Esq., on shore. We re
mained near tin: harbor until daylight, then
tired a gun, so that any person that desired
to do so could coine aboard, but not being
able to discover any boats putting from the
shore, after waiting an hour and a half put
to sea, and headed for Panama, at which
place we arrived on the Gth inst. We were
fortunate in finding a coal ship at San Juan
belonging to the Accessory Transit Company
which we took in tow, as without coal we
would not have been able to reach Panama
“ There is no eloubt but had our passengers
disembarked at San Juan they would all have
been pressed into the service of Walker, as
the Ceista Rica troops to the number of one
thousauel hud obtained possession of all the
boats, stores, etc., on Lake Nicaragua ant
the Sail Juan River.
“ The}’ captured two of Walker’s soldiers
in a recent engagement, and compelled then
to dig their own graves previous to being
shot, after which they were thrown in and
“ Walker is represented ns being in a verj
precarious situation, not having over G0(
men, two-thirds of whom are sick and unable
to do duty.
“ Several foreign ladies have died on the
Isthmus recently, and nearly all have been
more or less sick. Mrs. E.'j. C. Kewen i.«
quite ill and will leave for San Francisco by
the first opportunity. The Costa Ricans
have 15,000 troops, nearly all of whom are
well drilled ami accustomed to the climate
ami fare.”
Judging from the above, which is perfect
ly reliable, we see noway by which Walker’s
army can be saved from utter annihilation,
as by losing possession ot the steamers on the
lake, there is no means of getting to the At
lantic side, unless, they can maintain their
defence at Rivas, where \\ alker is now en
trenched, until the Sierra Nevada arrives at
San Juan, which will uot be until the 22d or
23d ol this mouth.
W itli aii army of 15,000 Costa llicans
against Walker, his own troops dwindled
down to six hundred, and two-thirds of them
on the sick list, we cannot do other than be
lieve that of the many hundreds who a few
mouths since left this State elated with the
prospect of rank and fortune in Nicaragua
not one will return to tell the tale of their
unfortunate adventures.— State Tribunt,
Arrival of the John L. Stephens.
-» *«* - ‘—
10 Days Later from the Atlantic.
We take the following summary of news
from the Alta California:
The P M S. Co.’s steamer John L.
Stephens,’ Copt. R. H. Pearson, arrived
from Panama yesterday afternoon.
The Stephens brings us New \ork dates
to the 5th of April, sixteen days later than
previously received, and from Europe to the
22d of March, fourteen days later.
The following is her memoranda, for which
we are indebted to the purser:
Memoranda— The Pacific Mail Steam
ship John L. Stephens, It. II. 1 earson, Esq.,
commanding, left San Francisco March 20,th
with passengers, mails and treasure Ar
rived at Acapulco at 11 A. M. on the 29th,
and sailed for Panama at 2 1 . M., where wc
arrived April 4th, at 10.50 I . M. I assen
gers, mails and treasure all crossed the Isth
mus and left Aspinwall on the 5th. The
steamship America, Capt. Win. Hudson, ar
rived at Panama on the 5th from New
The Nicaragua Transit Co.’s steamer Cor
tes, arrived on the evening of the Gth, hav
ing in tow the clipper ship Daylight, which
she brought from San J nan del Sud—h'pr
passengers and treasure were to leave in
next mail steamer for New York and New
The Isthmus continues healthy, and the
Railroad, the entire distance, is in most ex
cellent order.
The steamship Illinois, from New York,
April 5th, arrived at Aspinwall on the
15th, at 8 A. M.; her passengers and mails
were immediately forwarded to Panama,
where they arrived early in the afternoon of
the same day. Early preparation had been
made by the Company’s Agent to embark
them on board the steamer without delay,
but owing to the extreme low tide, a short
detention was unavoidable. During which
a quarrel arose between some steerage pas
sengers and the natives, which very shortly
became a serious riot—the natives killing,
wounding and robbing the passengers. As
near as can be ascertained, between forty
and fifty passengers are missing—fifteen of
whom are known to have been killed, several
others badly wounded, and others stayed be
hind to take care of their friends. Fifteen
wounded passengers were brought on board,
all of whom are doing well. The steamer’s
way bills and other papers were destroyed
during the melee, which renders it impossible
to give the names of those missing. Tho
steamer was detained on account of this,riot
24 hours. At the time of our leaving Pan;
ama, everything was quiet—the government
forces being employed in guarding the city.
Left Panama on the 1 Oth at 5 P. M.,
with 1148 passengers, and 350 bags U. S.
Mail. During the voyage there has been!
very little sickness on board, and no deaths.
Co xgrfssionai. Proceedings.— Gen. Land
of Oregon, introduced on the 28th March a
bill appropriating $300,000 to be used iit
subduing the hostile Indians in Oregon and
Washington Territories, accompanying it
with an earnest appeal in behalf of his ex
posed and suffering constituency. The policy
of Gen. Woo! and the conduct of the terri
torial authorities were warmly canvassed id
the debate which ensued. On the 31st of
March, the Committee of Ways and Means
reported a substitute, appropriating $300,-
000 to be expended under the direction ol
the President, for restoring and maintaining
the peaceable disposition of the Indian tribes
on the Pacific Coast, and $120,000 to pur
chase gunpowder. Mr. Campbell said the
original bill contemplated a rather warlike
movement, but the Committee thought it
would be better to report :: measure looking
to peace on the frontiers, as recommended
bv the Secretary of War. This biiJ passed
on the first of April. On motion of Mr.
Phelps, the Military Committee were in
structed to inquire into the expediency of
accepting the services of volunteers to aid
in the suppression of Indian hostilities ou
the Pacific coast.
The general appropriations, which are un
derstood to be perfected in the Committee
of ays and Means, arc made the special
order in the House on and after April 15th
excepting Mondays, Wednesdays and Fri
Mr. Phelps of Missouri, has introduced a
bill tor an overland express and weekly mail
between St. Louis and San Francisco.
_ The bill introduced by Mr. Herbert of
California, to dismiss appeals in land cases
from the District and Circuit Courts in Cali
fornia, to the U. S. Supreme Court, has not
come up in the House.
The U. S. Senate, on the 24th, called for
information in regard to Central American
afiains. On motion of Col. Weller, the Pa
( iiio Railroad hill was made the special or
dcr for April 21st. Roth Houses have con
sumed much time in discussing the action of
the late Naval Hoard. The House concur
red, April 3, in the Senate’s amendments to
the deficiency hill, including the appropria
tion of $49,200 to pay for maps and engrav
ings in the Report of the Pacific Railroad
explorations proposed by Senator Weller.
Kansas Affairs in and oft of Congress.
-—Ihe long protracted Kansas discussion in
the House of Representatives, terminated
with the appointment of Messrs. Sherman,
Howard and Oliver, a committee to proceed
to the Territory and take testimony in all
matters relating to the territorial legislature
t he contested seats of Messrs. Whitfield and
Reeder, and the condition of Kansas gener
ally. Reeder ami Whitfield go out with tho
commission. The Free State Governor
Robinson, (of Sacramento squatter noto
riety,) and Gen. Lane, (Senator elect by
the Free State Legislature,) are on a visit
to Washington. Before the arrival of Gov
Shannon, (with instructions to act under tho
President’s proclamation,) the Free Stato
Legislature adjourned, after receiving a mes
sage from Gov. Robinson recommending
them to do nothing likely to bring about
conflict with the U. S. Federal authorities.
Meanwhile the utmost activity prevails in
the North and South, both sections of the
l nion striving to accomplish their conflict
ing purposes in the settlement of the Terri
lory. Kansas meetings are assembling daily
and extraordinary efforts made to encompass
the objects. Materia! aid ia BMiej *05/

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