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The Trinity journal. [volume] (Weaverville, Trinity County, Cal.) 1856-1857, May 17, 1856, Image 2

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tire jori?N A i
3ATCBDAY MOBi\li\C» BAF !<• 1F56.
VtrL. I’. F151IER. is our author./ <1 agent
in Sail Francisco, to obtain advert.scnicnts and
jgf- Mr. E. G. Josi.ix i* our author./ J Agent
to solicit Subscriptions and Advertisements, at
Lewiston. Dates' Ranch. R:dg' vilb’. and at other
points on Lie route.
jjf 5. tV. IIavkt.e v. is our regularly authorized
Agent tosolic t Subscriptions and Advcrt'.si meats
at Cafiou City.
To AnvEBTisEES. — Persons having Advertise -
meats for insertion in the Journal, will ph ase to
leave them at the office of publication early o.t
Friday morning.
/JS-Single copies of the Journal, in teraj<p:rs,
for the Atlantic Mail, can be had at the publica
tion office.
Dk. Edward Trask lias arrived at San
Francisco. Wc learn it is his intention to
return to our town again.
ItoN. W. W. VI’Ton, we learn lias entered
into a Law co-|»artucrsliii> with ex-Oovernor
Foote, and will open a law office in Sacra
mento City, at which place lie intend.- per
manently to locate. II is family is expected
to arrive on the Steamer now due.
CRorsinthc Northern portion of the Coun
ty are said to Vie very forward. Tins grain
yield this season it is thought will he large.
The Mines at Ridgevillc are being very
successfully worked. \\ atcr is plenty. \\ e
hear of some claims which are paying from
50 to 100 dollars per day, and some still
Favors. — lion. J. W. Denver, 1*. 1. Her
bert, and J. 15. Weller, will accept our thanks
for Congressional favors received hy us du
ring the past week.
C. F. Lynn, Escp.of Rhodes & Whitney’s
Express, will accept our thanks for the Sac
ramento i'nu.n of the liith and 14th, Lid
leiin and Alt i Cilijcrnia, of the loth, lie
L'mon of the 13th contains the decisions of
the Supreme Court delivered at the present
Term. Messrs. Eennett of the same Ex
press have placed us under obligations du
ring the week.
We have been presented with the Jack
son Sentinel and other papers hy Clutrh-y
Shaffer, of Haynes & Co’s. Expn.-s. That
regalia story in the Sentinel is a nice thing,
Charley !
F. W. 15lake, of Ult'kc iV Co.'s Express,
is entitled to our favorable consideration for
papers during the weak.
The District Court for this County meets
on Monday next. The most important hu
iness to lie transacted in it i-. the trial of the
two indictments sent up from the Court of
Sessions for murder. We understand that
the lion. Win. I*. Dangerficld will he In i c
on the 26th of June, to try the ease of
Weeks, ct. al. vs. Ludwig, ct. al. in which
Judge Ihtzer is interested.
Farming. —There is a good deal of com
plaint among our fanners about t he bin k
wurdness of the sen: on and the probability
of a short crop. Don’t grumble, lor that
kept Moses out of til- pro.u ed I nd.
It has been a long time since our town
contained so few persons out of employment.
All are busy in the mines and doing well. —
This is us it should be, for God knows if any
people on earth should prosper, it is the in
dustrious miner. We hope our friends in
the different localities will furnish us with
all the mining items in their immediate local
ities that may be of interest to the people.
The very object of the ‘ Journal’is to im
part reliable information on every subject of
interest to the people among whom we live.
On Sunday or .Monday last, a cabin on
Snow’s FJal, on Weaver Creek, was entered
during the absence of the occupants and
$2,300 in gold dust, belonging to Anthony
Roth, stolen therefrom. The dust tens con
tained in a purse placed in a tin box under
the blankets ol Mr. Roth's bed. The thief
had taken the money Iroin the box. and then
replaced it. The loss ol the money was not
discovered until Mr. Roth was about putting
some more with it. There was another
purse containing $1,300 near the first, which
was overlooked by the rascal Nothing has
yet transpired to lead to thedetcetiouof the
perpetrator of the robbery.
The house of Thomas Roach, at Mooney's
Firry, was broken open on Saturday night,
and about $230 taken from behind the bur.
The bouse of Patrick Feliley, at Lewis
ton, -was broken into on the night of the 8th
just., and two silver watches stolen there
from. Oncol’the watches belonged to Nel
son Angle, and was worth about $30, made
by Arnold, Adams A Co., London, No. 33.
015—doubje-cased, detatciicd lever. The
other belonged to John Feliley, description
•eit known.
A Catholic Cnuitcn i3 being erected on
P.-Uwooi Creek
S. of T. Ball at Ridgeville.
On .Monthly last we had the pleasure of
boiliir j,resent at the Rail given by the Di
vision of the Sons of Temperance ut Ridge
vjlle. We do not remember ever having
seen a more pleasant and agreeable assem
blage on such an occasion, than that of Mon
day night. About “5 persons were present.
The dancing commenced ut 1) o’clock, and
continued uninterruptedly until midnight,
when the guests formed in procession, head
ed by the Hand, under the leadership of J.
E. S' dlnk, Esq., and marched to the Ridge
ville Hotel, where they sat down to a most
sumptuous repast, prepared bv Mr-. Leach.
Supper ended, the company again returned
to the Iluil, and dancing was resumed. Ra
ring the latter ] art of the night, the doub
le Highland Mazomka v : .r r Ormed l<y the
Misses Farrington and lh.rk , do, in a man
ner which drew forth the admiration and ap
plause of the company. At 4 o’clock the
dancing ended, when Mr. J. M Langdon,
by request, favored the audience with the
songs, ‘ My Mother Rear,” and “ Vill.kins
and his Dinah,” which were applaudingly re
ceived, after w hich the assembly retired to
their homes, all evidently highly pleased
with their night’s entertainment.
Everything was done on the part of the
managers to make the occasion a haj | y one.
Our friend E. 0 Josliu was always present,
endeavoring to make the evening puss pleas
antly to those coming from abioad, and we
arc a witness that at least in one iustunec,
he succeeded iu so doing to cur entire satis
One thing we can say for Ridgeville with
out exaggeration, anel that is, that in regard
to the number of ladies, it stands at the
head of the list in Trinty Co. We heard
it asserted by those who know, that a larger
number of young ladies were present on that
occasion than were ever before assembled
within our County. Everything passed off
pleasantly, and to the satisfaction of those
assembled. The Rail at Ridgeville will ev
er be associated in our mind with the pleas
ant memories of t he past.
The R.vision of the S. of T. we learn are
in a flourishing condition, numbering be
tween sixty and seventy members. As a
proof of their influence we eau say, we did
not see a drunken man in the town on that
evening, which certainly, in a mountain
town on a gala-day, is a somewhat remark
able occurrence. The Division have a line
Hall lately creeled for their own use.
Duni’im MeCrec, mentioned in the Court
of Sessions repot t in another column, was
arrested in Sha-tn last week, and taken be
fore a Justice of that place on a charge of
grand larceny committed on Dead wood
creek, in this county. McCree confessed his
guilt, was brought to this place and exam
ined before Justice Aoreross, confessed his
guilt again, was indicted by the Grand Jury,
and on being arraigned in the Court of S vi
sions on the indictment, on last Wednesday,
'lead guilty and asked the Court not to de
ny its judgment. The Court deferred the
icntence until the following morning, when
lie was sentenced to two years confinement
in the State Prison. It has been our lot to
have witnessed many sentences before tins
one, but this is the first time in our life that
the | renouncing of that dreadful sentence
—-judgment on a ir.initial—that the rceip
it ft > th j valid f.ivo; . 1 Court bestowed
in th.. u. y gavi g<y MeCree's eye* bright
cued, Ins countenance 1. no, aim. he i t 1 , ed
to be a younger and belli r man at the
sentence of two years in the State /'risen. —
Pleasant associations connected with those
words, McCrce. Joy go with you.
On Thursday hist, two young men of our
town by the name of Frank Purlin and
“Dutch John,” were arrested ami taken be
fore Justice Norcross on a charge of stab
bing a Chinaman, breaking up their things
about the house, and doing mischief gener
ally. They were held to answer to the
Court of Sessions, mid in default of $1000
bail bonds were lodged in jail. The best
place they could be to keep them straight.
Tin ir profession has been that of bar help
ers in houses of ill-fume, but these houses
having been closed by the Court of Sessions
made business rather slow with them, so
tiny thought to try their hand on pool John.
“A stitch in time saves nine.”
Thomas linker, the person that shot Joe
Yochcy, and accidentally shot Mr. I) Har
ris in Irving to shoot Yochcy a second time,
is still at large. Under-Sheriff Messte had
a warrant for his arrest, but could not find
him. llis friends promised that he should
deliver himself up to the authorities, in a
few days.
The Salmon river trail by way of Swift
Creek is now open. Pack trains hare cros
sed the mountains and returned during l lie
past week.
—« »»,
James A. Hemikusox and Chaki.es K.
Howe of Howe A Co.'s Flxpress have favored
us with files of California papers, during the
The Washington Pluming Company have
commenced building a flume across Trinity
river, at French liar. When completed, a
large amount of diggings will be opened.
Liberty of Speech.
The much talked of set discussion between
Col. Zabriskie (deni.) and Col. Bates (re
publican) cunie off in Sacramento in front
of the Orleans Hotel, on last Saturday eve
ning, without the shedding of blood. \\ hat
an announcement to be made in a free and
enlightened land. Two persons meeting in
a friendly manner to discuss the question ol
expediency of the Government w ithout the
shedding of blood, and yet it is proper at
this time to make the announcement, and
we take pleasure in doing so as it is the very
best that we have on the subject. The Re
publicans called a meeting in Sacramento
some time previous to the time the discus
sion came oil' and were prevented from
speaking by persons far more objectionable
than a quiet Republican could be. We
have no sympathy with the Republican par
ty; at the same tune they have just as much
right to a hearing and to lie heard by those
that assemble for that purpose as any other
people, and the persons that deny this right
to them only lack the power to pervert this
Government into a monarchy and blot out
its fair name. Meeting after meeting was
called and finally by the indomitable energy
of Col. Zabriskie, the end desired was ac
complished. The parties exchanged their
views on the policy of the Federal Govern
ment w ithout interruption except the throw
ing of a few eggs. After the meeting was
adjourned as to the principal speakers, a 1’.
S meeting took place in which the remain
der or remaining persons defined w hat kind
of speuking they would not have in their
city for the time to come. The reader will
probably get the spirit as well as the letter
of the meeting better by a publication of the
resolution—and here it is:
Resolved , That the people of this city
have been outraged by the discussion of
treasonable doctrines by a public felon, and
that we wdl not submit to such outrages in
This resolution referred to Col. Bates.—
Would not this resolution read much better
if it had been worded thus: “Resolved, That
the doctrines put forth by Mr. Bates do not
suit us, and that in future we will not hear
them discussed.” It does seem to us that
much good might have grown out of a re
solve like this The condemnation would
have been expressed in language strong
enough to suit the bitterest taste that has
any respect left for our free institutions.—
Allow ing the speaker and kindred spirits to
hold their meetings without a jarring ele
ment would of itself produce sufficient mo
notony to divest the assemblage of all the
fascination and excitement usual in a politi
cal campaign. This is the only justifiable
course of proceedurc to break up a meeting
of citizens assembled for a legitimate and
peaceable purpose. To refuse our presence
at their meetings wc have a just right to do.
To say that we will not support any man
for office that entertains similar views in re
lation to our institutions and the compacts
of the Government is our right, secured to
us by the same power that causes the stars
and stripes to be respected in all quarters of
the globe. But when wc say that our neigh
bor shall entertain the same views, east the
same vote and advocate the same doctrine
as ourselves or be deprived of the privileges
of a citizen, we attempt to establish a prece
dent more dangerous to society and ruinous
to civil liberty than theft, robbery, burglary
and arson combined. This spirit of forcing
from the rostrum those that differ from us
in sentiment, has furnished the fuel and
raised the breeze that has fanned the fire of
Abolitionism and Mormomsm to their pres
ent extent. Let us profit by the past.
Mr. Stephen C. Maseett,
alt is “ Col. Jecm.s Pipes, ot' Pipesville,” has
been in town during the past week, and gives
a Hullud Concert and Headings Iron) the Po
ets, lids (Friday) evening, at the Weaver
wile Theater. Mr. Massedt is the author
of some very pretty songs, among the latest
of which is “ Clear the Way,” or song of
the ‘ Wagon Hoad,’ which is highly spoken
of by the San Francisco papers. This, with
his celebrated Comic sketch of an English
man on his travels, and the laughable scene
of a “ Yankee Town Meeting !” with a va
riety of songs, will be given this evening.
Mr. Massett is highly spoken of as a gen
tleman and scholar, and we hope our citi
wdl turn out this evening and give him n
hearty welcome. We go to press too early
to give a notice of the Concert in this issue.
We call the attention of our readers to
the letter of “ Col. Jecms Pipes,” in anoth
er column. It should be read by all.
H. H. Hkaiunu & Co. have placed us un
der obligations for copies of the California
State AlmanacauiX Annual Jiegister lor ’56.
This work contains a great amount of me
tal knowledge, und should be in the hands
of every citizen of the State. They can be
had at the Stale Journal office, Sacramento.
Family Accidentally Poisoned. —A cor
respondent writes us from Mormon Island,
May 12th, that on the preceding evening,
the family of Mr. Graham, at Hcalc’s Har,
was poisoned by using arsenic in their bis
cuit, mistaking it for cream of tartar. Dr.
Geo. Hates was, however, promptly culled
in, and they were all supposed to be out of
danger.— Sue. Union.
Weaverville Theater.
Mr. Thornan tins been playing to good
houses during the past week. The communi
ty have found out that it is better to attend
the theater where they can get their money's
worth, rather than be humbugged by Cheap
John’s dear articles. Tuesday evening was
the lirst appearance of Estelle Potter at
our theater, where she lias an engagement
as announced by us last week. “The Hunch
back” was presented and she jiersouated
‘■Julia" in a remarkable manner. We have
serious doubts whether this favorite Play
has ever been performed better in our State
than it was on that occasion, by Thoman’s
talented company. Estelle Potter's read
ing was chaste, pure and audible; every
whisper was heard by the whole house with
that distinctness which characterizes the
higher modulation of the voice. Her man
ners were graceful, expression beautiful, and
eyes bewitching; all betokening an intellect
of a high order. Mr. Hamilton ns ‘'Clif
ford,” did better than we have ever seen him
before—and this is saying what we had no
idea of saying before Tuesday evening, for
lie lias been our favorite. Mr. Campbell in
the character of “Modus,” seemed to sur
prise his friends. lie has been the idol of
many of our best citizens, but on this occa
sion lie forgot he was Campbell and really
supposed he was “Modus,” indued. Miss
Annie Smith and Mrs. Kvrurd frequently
disturbed the audience, which was demon
strated by rounds of aj pluusc. In fact the
whole company were up with their respec
tive parts in a manner worthy of commen
On Thursday evening ‘‘The Stranger” was
presented, Estelle Potter per-onating Mrs,
Haller, Thornan that of the Stranger, Mrs.
Hamilton the Countess Winter-on, Mr.
Hamilton, Baron Steinfort, Mr. Campbell,
Francis, Miss Smith, Charlotte, and Mr. E.
B. Blake, Count Winterson. The house
gave the strongest proof of their approval
as well as appreciation of the ability of the
company. The falling of a pin might have
been heard during flic time any portion of
the pathetic part was being played, and not
a few tearful eyes were to be seen at the
penitence expressed by Mrs. Adelaide Hal
ler, and the deep emotion of the Stranger in
his manly effort to support his wounded
honor against the charitable emotions of In
heart to forget and forgive the wrongs of
the past, as presented in the last act It
was the climax. Mrs. Hamilton done honor
to the Countess Winsei son. No one is In Id
higher in the estimation of the community
than Mrs. II.; her amiable character and
pleasant manners on the stage has endeared
her in the esteem of every one. Mr. Mor
timer, in the character of "Peter,"done very
well, indeed he plays everything well that
he attempts, llis pronunciation is distinct,
and a perfect reading is given in every part
lie personates, so that one cannot help liking
him. Messrs. Blake, Campbell and Everard,
and Misses Pritchard and Smith, are en
titled to much praise.
A better company, in our judgment, can
not l)c found in the State than J. W. Tho
maii’s. We need not say to our renders in
this vicinity that an attractive bill will be
presented this evening, for all will be there
to sec it.
Court of Sessions.
IIon. II. T. Miller, presiding.
0. II. I’. Norcross and Win. F. Vaughan,
Saturday, Mny 10—
Ordered that a Grand Jury he suiniuoned
for Monday next, at 10 o'clock, a. m.
Monday, May 12—
Grand Jury cmpauiu II d.
The People rs S. S. limey —Indictment
for nuisance. On motion ot counsel the in
dictment was set aside on the ground that
A. Miller, one of the Grand Jurors that
found tlie indictment, lmdexpressed and form
ed a decided opinion against the deft before
the cnipannellingof the Grand Jury. Burch
A Gliadhourue, del'ts. Atl’ys.
The 1‘C'ple rs. Ed. dSugent —Indictment
for liiisdenieunor. Plea of guilty. Sentence,
line of $50. Fine paid, and deft, discharg
ed. Adjourned until Wednesday.
Wednesday, May 14 —
Grand Jury presented one indictment, a
gainst Duncan McCrce, aims Henry Smith,
for Grand Larceny. There being no fur
ther business before them, they were dis
r McCrce was arraigned, and plead guilty.
Tomorrow at 10 o’clock fixed for sentence.
Thursday, May 15—
The People vs Duncan McCrce —Sentence
ol the Court that he be imprisoned in the
State Prison for the term ol two years.
Court adjourned until next regular Term.
This has been a lengthy term, owing to
the great mass of business presented by the
first Grand Jury, and the continued accumu
lation of business during the term. Three
Grand Juries were summoned. The Calen
dar is clear, and the Court deserves the ap
proval of the community for the faithful
manner in which the people’s business has
been attended to. May we for all time to
come, be able in truth to say as much.
Masonic.—The Grand Lodge of the
State vas yesterday engaged in the election
of officers for the ensuing year. The follow
ing gentlemen have been elected: W J|.
Howard, San Jose, M. W. G. M.; J. A
Kaymond, Shasta, W. J). G. M.; L. Lyon
Stockton, S. G. W.; Dr. P. W. Randle’
Marysville, J G. W.; Addison'Marliu Sail
Francisco, G. Treas.; A. G. Abell, San
Francisco, G. Secretary.— Sac. Union: lutf.
Two Men Shot—One supposed to be
mortally wounded —Cause, Whis
key and a game of Cards.
We are called on again to record the
sliedii'ig of mutt's llottl ly man. This is a
dutv which as faithful journalists we cannot
omit. During the past month we weic
obliged to chronicle the death ot two of our
citizens by violence, and now in this short
space of tint ’, the shooting of two more hu
man beings must be heralded forth to the
On the 11th inst., about dusk, Joseph
Vochey, Thomas Baker, and two other per
sons were engaged in a game of jickcr, at the
store of Mr. Stewart, on the East brunch ol
the Hay Fork, about twenty-live miles dis
tant from this place. There were several
persons about the store; among them Mr.
I>. Harris. Some considerable betting had
been made on a hand, when Baker bet two
dollar: better. Yochev called his bet and
won the money, which l e took in a liurr.ed
mannir. B. remark d that he need not
snatch the mo .ey, as no one was going to
interfere with t V s hey hr w his kmfe,
made a flourish with it as though he was
going to put out the light, and then said he
could beat Baker tit any game he would play
at, or whip him in any way he would fight.
B. told him he did not want to fight, or
have any difficulty with him. Vochey then
threw a stool tit Baker, who thereupon drew
his revolver and told A . to desist, that he
did not wish to shoot him—(Baker was in
the corner of the building and could not get
away.) Vochey then shoved a table against
B. and drew his knife in a threatening man
ner, when B. fired at him. V. caught the
revolver with his left hand just as it fired,
the ball passing through the skinny portion
of the hand between the thumb and index
linger, entering the fleshy part of the right
thigh ranging downward, without doinghim
a serious injury. Mr. Harris, at tins time,
rushed in to separate them w hen a second
shot was discharged and took effect in his
body, entering on the right side just under
the tenth rib, ranging downward towards
the navel, and then taking an upward di
rection lodging near the surface of the left
side, between the sixth and seventh ribs.—
Here the fLht.ng ceased, and Baker made
his escape from the house. He is in the
neighborhood of the place where the difficul
ty occurred, but evades the < fi' 1 ■ rs. wi ! i>
very cu ily accompliJu.d in a • tm ik
t he one he is S' i r '• it e D C ; do a was
called to see the \vo:.:a’u d, ix: reeled the ball
from Harris’ side, and done everything that
skill and a kind disposition were capable of
doing to alleviate the sufferings of the un
fortunate man. The wound is supposed to
be n. 01 tab The ball could not be extracted
from Vochey without more inconvenience to
the patient than there would be benefit re*
suiting from if.
All those that were present, including the
unfortunate Harris and his brother, who is
tending on him, say that the wound Harris
received was done by accident, and that
Baker was acting in defence of his own life
against Vochey, and not to blame in the
least. Had the two engaged in the diffi
culty been the only sufl'erers, the case would
have been divested of more than half its se
rious consecpicnccs—and had the one in fault
been the only victim, it would have been
truly a great blessing. But to think that a
sober, industrious and honorable man must
be hurried into eternity by a worthless semi
barbarian, without time for reflection or
preparation, is shocking and heart-rending.
Let those in authority see that the way of
the transgressor shall lc made hard.
Distiuct C'ornr.—T.,e May term of this
court commenced it- . ion o:i Monday last
— Hon. J, Moi.tgo.neiy V tern. presidin '.
The first case ii] .11 t ; • let dm for t a!,
was that of "'l' Ikople rs. Lemuel Pn w
et,” charged with James Brown, in an in
dictment for murder. In relation to the
charge against the defendant, the following
facts may not be uninteresting—the indict
ment for murder was found against Prewct
and Janies Brown, at the December term of
the court in 18L4, lor the murder of one
Antonio, a Spaniard, at Hawkinsville a
short time previously. Brown was at the
time arrested, received his trial, was found
guilty and sentenced to be hanged on the 2d
ot March, l8oo. This sentence was after
wards commuted by Gov. Bigler to twenty
years in the State I’r.son, at which institu
tion lie is now serving out his time. Prew
et was arrested an Weaverville lust r imer
and brought to Vrektt for trial. The Dis
trict Court having adjourned before the
pi i.-oner arrived here, he was confined in jail
until this term of the court, and arraigned
on Wednesday last—when the District
torney, Mr. duelling, not being able to ob
tain sufficient evidence ta convict the party
of the crime alleged, moved far a dismissal
of the case, and the defendant was dis
charged.— Yrcka C,w a.
[Our readers will remember that this
Prewet is the same person that had the dif
ficulty in the Diana Saloon, last fall, in which
he got his jaw badly broken, and on the
same night was arrested and lodged in our
jail lor the above offence, —Kn. Joi itx.vu,]
A Chinaman fired three shots (Yum a pis
tol at a white man man, at Big Bar, Trinity
river, one day last week. .Nobody hurt.
• —
We understand that the Weaverville fa
vorite, Miss Lizzie Burbank will be in town
in a few days. Welcome, Mies Lizzie ?
Wk i.eaux tliat our frieml, M. Langdon, alnu
Cborious,’ will tnko a joint Uoin-lit with Mr. Jao.
Drnlinur, at the Trinity Theater on Friday eve
ninir next, upon which occasion several young
genii- men of this place will appear, liavingforra
ed themselves into a Minstrel Company for that
purpose. The entertainment will consist of bur
lesque Operas, Glees, Choruses, Banjo Duetts, fan
cy Dances,Trial Dancing, burlesque Hippodrome,
and in fact everything will be added to the per
formance. from what we can learn, that will con
tribute to the amusement of the audience. No
pains will he spared to make the entertainment
a pleasant one. The following persons, we un
derstand. have kindly volunteered. Mons. Leva,
Flutist: Herr Ilenrich, Violinist: Mr. Louis Koh
ler, Flutinest; Ilerr Linwood, Guitarist i Mr. h.
Young, Mr. A. Miller, Mr. C. Fisher, and the
Weavervillc Brass Band. VTc bespeak for them
a full house.
M k. Stephen 0. Massett, accompanied by
Mr J. M. Langdon, the celebrated and re
nowned “ Chorions” of the Fairy Minstrels,
will probably visit Cnfion City on Saturday
evening next, (May 24th,) and entertain
the citizens of that place with a Vocal Con
cert, etc.
Wo ean recommend these gentlemen to
on'' Cnfion City friends, as men of the first
class in their profession.
We publish the following opinion of the
Attorney General of this State to James
W. Stillman, County Assessor of San Fran
cisco, taken from the Alta California, for
the benefit of those it may concern. The
opinion is a just one, and we have no doubt
of its correctness.
Attoun'ey General's Office, )
May 9th, 1856. [
James W. Stillman, F-q.,
Couni y Assessor, Sail Fran. County.
Si r: —Where a loan is made and a mort
gage is given to secure that loan, it is your
duty under the Revenue Law to assess the
mortgaged property (if real estate,) to the
mortgagor at i*s cash value, irrespective of
the fact that it is mortgaged; and it is your
duty to assess the amount, of money so loaned
against the lender, without respect to the
fact that it is secured by mortgage on real
estate which is already assessed to mort
gagor at its full value.
Where a loan is made and a mortgage is
given to secure it by passing the possession
if iiiiv moveable property or securities, you
should assess the loan, and then assess the
value of the personal property, (without re
gard to the assessment of the loan.) and
loth assessments shenhl b marie against the.
hauler i f the nu ney. This is unquestionably
the mean'll" and iiOent'on of the TL'vene.r
law of our State, and it : at coti-onM:! ,, i
with reason and Jnstiee. A" ,r other n ’■
will discriminate in favor of tin usurer an
inonev lender, and the wealthy e.ipitali.-:,
and against those who with smaller me a
are following the ordimry pursuits of 1 fe.
1 understand that it has not heretofore been
customary to tax loans of money in Pan
Francisco against the lenders. T have seen
the opinion of one of niv p • s-ors, upon
which it is said that this Mi-tom ha been
adopted. I do not think that the opii. on
is susceptible of such a construction, and it
it wen-otherwise, 1 should regard it as mani
fest !v erroneous.
You will please therefore make the as
sessments in accordance with the above
Very respectfully your obd’t sv’t
William 'I'. Wau.acf.
Attorney General, State of California.
Newspapers in California. — It almost
exceeds belief that a population of 300,000,
one-third of which does not speak and read
the English language, should support iu t ho
neighborhood of sixty daily and weekly pa
pers. In this respect the world cannot pro
duce a parallel, and wo mention it with a
feeling of honest pride. It speaks louder
than words of the intelligence and liberality
of Californians, and puts to blush those who,
judging narrow-mindedly of the character of
masses by the crimes of the few, cannot, or
will not, sec a “godly man in Sodom.” De
ducting the 40,000 Chinese, Mexicans, South
Americans, Kanakas and others who do not
patronize newspapers of any kind, from the
whole population, and wo have 200,000
men, women and children to sustain the vast
newspaper burden of the State, which is
pretty nearly as follows:
15 daily papers, published at the average
of S(i00 per week, amount to. .$468,000
45 wet klies, at an average cost
of $200 per issue, arc publish
ed at an outlay of not lesss
per annum than 416,000
Commissions to carriers and
agents, paid by patrons, per
annum 250,000
Making $1,134,000
Where is there another State in the
Union of 200,000 white population, support
ing newspapers alone at uu annn-J expense
of 81 131.000, -- tll t| ){> ave rage rate ot six
uollars per soul? Nor is this by any means
(lie full extent to which our small population
supports newspapers. California is now
one of the greatest marts for eastern period
ical literature in the world. Not less than
40,000 weekly and semi-weekly papers are
received by every mail steamer, and readily
di>l osed of at 25 and 50 cents per copy.—
Add to this amount the magazines, picto
rials and other monthlies, and it will be
found a low estimate to place the aggregate
sum paid annually by our [>eoplc for eastern
papers and magazines, at $40Q,000. It will
be seen that over one and a half millions of
dollars are annually paid hy a white popu
lation of two hundred thousand souls to
wards the support of the press! W r e have
given no figures that may not be relied upon,
except, perhaps, in reintion to the exact
nuuib. r uqil gust of the papers within tli
»Sialc; but we have not erred far enough i ■
materially a (feet the sums total, W bounty
of our neighbors across the mountains can
foot up tin exhibit oue-hulf—yes, one-hall a"
favorable ys shown above, they can have
our permission to abuse us to their hearts’
content forever thereafter. There’s our
guantlpt - G'isMfH JJmt "

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