THE TRINITY JOURNAL.
Saturday Morning, December 27, 1856.
At the mere mention of this hallowed period
how many bright and beautiful scenes crowd
upon the mind—how many reverses of fortune
und circumstance are brought vividly to the
memory, and as we look down through the ave
nue of life and recount the many New Years as
mile stones marking the progress of our boister
ous voyage and brief but adventurous pilgrimage
we feel, though time has not covered our path
with roses at ail times, an emotiou of pious grat
itude to the Ruler of the world for the many bles
sings bestowed upon us.
Life may at certain periods bang heavy and
deaden the hope and inspiration that would lift
us to the pinnacle of of a happier future, but all
such changes tire merely temporary with man;
|>crfcct calm is not to be had at all times upon
the current of life. Reverses in fortune and con
dition are the most common to the human lot.—
It Is fate, and though man may modify and avert
for a while, he cannot control. IIow many is
there who will on next Thursday cherish in their
hearts the. fond hopes of seeing and pressing to
their bosoms the loved and absent ere another
year will have rolled by and left its mark upon
the tablet of time.
How many kind-hearted husbands are there
■vtho arc now separated by mountains, deserts and
oceans, from pure and loving wives who in the
absence of the husband and father may be at
this moment nestling the sprightly and promising
child to their hearts and whispering in its ear the
soothing language of anticipation. *• Yes. my
dear, papa will soon be Lome to his own dear
child." How many are the fond, affectionate and
dutiful sons who will look back to the hour that
separati d them for long years and perhaps for
ever, from the kind old father and mother who
wiped away the tears to kiss the last farewell,
and here memory will often re kindle into life
the momenta when the amiable girl stood plan tiff
like and only enabled through a virtuous modesty
tochoakdown and suppress the declaration of
her love and the extent of her grief. How the
thoughts of a devoted and loving sister will stir
up the feeling in the heart to be near them.
All these thoughts, emotions und pleasant
contemplations, together with the various changes
appear everywhere on the 1< dge of the past and
present, and since ii may not be be agreeable to
dwell upon the past let us open a new hook with
Time and resolve that the record of the New
Year shall not he stained with any disreputable
conduct, but that sobriety, temperance and hon
est iudusfiy will bring us through a prosperous
and happy New Year. And such dear readers
wc wish yon all.
The inert, ased facilities with which mining can I
he carried on and the important aid derived from j
the application of machinery which only experi- i
cnee can make profitable, goes far to make min- ,
ing now the most certain and beneficial employ- j
inont, and perhaps the most pleasant.
Almost every day develops some new plan or !
invention which is an improvement on the pres
ent mode of operating in the mines, and the won
der is that so many still adhere to the old system
instead of taking advantage of the discoveries.
For some time we have noticed that the papers
in various parts of the State have been discuss
ing the use and importance of the Syphon in con
nection with mining. We have seen but very lit
tle however in regard to the uses and application
of the Syphon from what might be considered a
A little more than a year ago we witnessed the
operation and effects of the Syphon, and felt ful
ly convinced from our own observation that its ,
uses and importance, when thoroughly under
stood by the mining community, would be inval- !
liable in w orking claims effectually which before
would not be worked on account of the vast ex
pense necessary to incur for the purpose of drain
ing. There are mining claims oftentimes situa
ted so that it requires long and deep drains w hich
in many instances preclude the possibility of
working tbe claims from the amount of capital
necessary to expend in cutting these drains. We
have seen shafts sunk from ten to twenty-five feet,
to drain w hich would cost from one to three thou
sand dollars. This outlay and expense might in
many instances he avoided by the use and appli
cation of the Fypliou.
Syphons applicable for mining are made with
a short and long arm. On inserting the end of
the short arm or limb iuto the water in the shaft
and drawing tbe air out of the long arm, the
pressure of the atmosphere upon the surface of
the water impels it through the Syphon, liv
means of a hole left at the top of the short arm
or elbow and plugs made to fit tightly, the Sy
phon can be filled and put into operatiou very
The follow ing illustrations will show upon what
scale the Syphon may be constructed and the
proper inclination to give it.
1—If the shaft (requiring to he drained,) is
10 feet deep, the short arm of the Syphon w ill bo
10 feet long and the long arm 30 feet, on an an
gle of 70 d. 30 in. 15 s.
2. —If the shaft is 13 feet deep, the short arm j
will be 18 feet long and the long arm -10 feet, on j
an angle of 63 d. 15 in. 9 s.
3. —If the shaft is 30 feet deep, the short arm ■
will be 30 feet and the long arm 75 feet, on uu j
angle of 60 d. 35 m. 28 s.
Tun Weather —Through the week has varied
but litttle. The snow is melting fast and water
now in most places for mining purposes is abun
flood times arc anticipated In the spring. No
Community stands more in need of them than our
Pictorial Wins; West son tub Holidays.—
This splendidly illustrated puper is now issued
and can be had of F. W. Ulalce A Co.
The trail frotn Shasta to Yrofia is now open.
Tin f,K«!Ki.ATi'iiE meets at Sacramento on the
I'rat of January next. / • iiual the city is crowded
with anxioiisexpeciants aud those who follow the
profession of “ lobbying/’ A stormy time is
looke d for at the Cupiiol this w inter.
K"'i! hi.i i’ the Auction at !>. M. Eder A Co.’s
nil NYu l iars day. Cleat l aiga.us writ bo i
Important Decision.- The Rights of Water
One of the great draw backs to the enterprise
of constructing caiials and digging ditches orra
ther preventing works of this kind from going on
was the uncertainty, fluctuations and doubtful se
curity to be had in such operations. Capitalists
in San Francisco have never doubted the profit
and utility of ditches, flumes and canals, but the
question and problem which they regarded as dif
ficult to solve, was what the particular rights of
Water Companies were under the Statutes. Cap
ital could always be had in San Francisco if there
never had been any doubts about the security ta
ken in ditches and canals, but until these rights
were fully defined by the Supreme Court, parties
felt reluctant to loan money upon such property.
The decision of the Supreme Court in the case
| of Conger vs. Weaver, will be regarded as fully
| defining the rights and nrivileges of Water Com*
' panies in the manner of constructing canals,
j flumes, Ac.. and acquiring possession. Speaking
! of the public domain or mineral land, and the pe
culiar organization of the State Government,
and the law of presumption in clearly establish
ing the right to possess if the right to work be
undoubted, the Judges remark—
Every Judge is bound to know the history, and
the leading traits which enter into the history of
the country where he presides. This we have
held before, and it also is an admitted doctrine of
the common law. tVe must, therefore, know that
j this State hasu large territory ; that upon its ac
quisition by the United States, from tin; sparse
ness of its population, hut u small comparative
proportion of its land had been granted to private
1 individuals; that the great bulk of it was land of
the government ; Gut that little as yet has been
acquired by individuals hy purchase ; that our
citizens have gone upon the public lands contin
uously from a period anterior to the organiza
tion of the State government to the present time;
upon these lands they have dug for gold excava
ted mineral rock ; constructed ditches, flumes
and canals for conducting water ; establish) d
farms for cultivating the earth ; made settle
ments for the grazing of cattle; laid off tow ns
and villages ; felled trees ; diverted water cours-
I es ; built mills for sawing lumber and grinding
; corn ; and, indeed, have done in the various en
1 terprizes of life all that is usual and necessary in
a high condition of civilized development. All
of these are open and notorious facts, charging
with notice of them, not only the Courts who
have to apply the law in reference to them, but
also the government of the United States, which
claims to be the proprietor of these lands, and
the government of the State within whose sover
eign jurisdiction they exist.
In the face of these notorious facts, the govern
ment of the l n;ted States has not attempted to
assert any right of ownership to any of tile large
body of lands within the mineral region of the I
The State government has not only looked on
quiescently upon this universal appropriation of
the public domain for all of these purposes, but
has studiously encouraged them in some instan
ces, and recognized them in all.
Now, can it be said with any propriety of rea
son or common sense, that the parties to these
acts have acquired no rights? If they have ac
quired rights, these rights rest upon the doctrine
of presumption of a grant of rig., t, arising either
from tile tacit assent of the sovereign, or from ex
pressions ol her will in the course of her general
legislation, and indeed from both.
i’osscssion gives title only by persu nipt ion ;
then, when the possession is shown to be of public
laud, why may not any one oust the possessor?
why can the latter protect his possession ? Only
upou the doctrine ot presumption ; for a license
to occupy from * lie owner will be presumed.
In the case of Hicks vs. Bell, J Cal. It., speak
ing ot this .State’s ownership of her gold mines,
this Court said : “ In her legislation upon this
subject, she has established the policy of permil
iug all who desire it, to work her mines of gold
and silver with or without conditions.’
Vet, there was not at that time, nor has there
been since, uny art of the Legislature directly
conferring the privilege of working the mines,
except in cases of foreigners who were required
to obtain and pay for a license to do so.
How then was the permission derived? The
; answer is evident; her general legislation look*
j ing at the existence of this state of things, and
referring io it, necessarily presumed a license - a
! license to every one who chose to possess himself
| of the franchise.
Now, also, ever since the organization of the j
Stale, umoug the other various enterprises which 1
have been undertaken upon the public lands, is 1
that which is brought in question in the case be- j
fore us ; the construction of ditches, flumes and
canals for the purpose of conducting waters from
their natural channels to supply the w ants of gold
lu like manner as in other pursuits, the State
Government lias looked on the progress of these
works for the past seven years, until their extent
has reached hundreds of miles, and every, impor
tant stream in the State has been taliped by them,
| has referred to them in various legislative acts.
I mid lias annually made them the subject of reve
nue to the State.
Every decision made by the Supreme Court.
; bearing upon this ground, has gone to establish
the right by priority, but a question arose how
long a time, or rather at what time the right of
possession commenced. The Court holds the ful
low ing :
So in the ease of constructing canals under the
license from the State ; the survey of the ground,
planting stakes along the line, giving public no
tice, and actually commencing and diligently
j pursuing the work, is as much possession as the
; nature of the subject will admit, and forms a
! series of acts of ownership which must be conclu
sive of the right.
Mass Mektino. —Pursuant to notice, a mass
meeting of the citizens and miners of Weuverville
and vicinity was held at the liull Court,on Court
street, on Thursday last. The meeting was not
as large as was anticipated, hut considering
Christmas times it might be considered a very
fair attendance. 11. llockcr, Ksq., President of
the Hoard of trustees opened the meeting and
stated the object of assembling. Mr. llockcr'a
remarks were sound and logical and could not
fail to convince those who were present and who
have a right appreciation of their own interest
that the completion of the Trinity County Canal
was a matter of more importance to the miner
and business man than any other enterprise which
could possibly engage the attention of our people.
John Carr, Ksq., also spoke of the advantages
and benefits to be derived from its completion.-
Mr. Mitchell, one of our merchants, spoke, and
asserted some few facts which will no doubt be
remembered by many who were present. Mr.
Ihleher. one of our most inteligent practical
miners, spoke warmly in favor of the Canal, and
appealed to the miners who know how to appre
ciate the advantages of water to come forward
and lend their uid in commencing and completing
the noble work from which alone they would re
ceive a lasting benclit.
California War Bonds.—J. G. P. Phe
lan, who returned on the .Sonora, reports that all
the war bonds presented for payment hud been
liquidated. About $60,000 of bonds had not been
presented, and those, it was supposed, bad been
Hcsinkhh is somewhat Improving in town.
Notwithstanding the severity of tho weather and
the difficult travel at this season.large pack trains
with heavy cargoes hint been constantly arriving
during the week.
Arrival of tile Sonora and Orizaba.
TUK NKWS lir BOTH KTKAMKRS.
The Pacific Mail Steamship Sonora arrived at
San Francisco on the evening of the 16th inst.—
She brings the final result of the Presidential
Janies Buchanan is President of the United
States for the next four yeaas, and John C. Breck
enridge the Vice President. The killed and
wounded in the great national battle was im
mense, but the general result was as all in this
vicinity had anticipated. Mr. Buchanan gets one
hundred and seventy-four electoral votes. Illi
nois, Kentucky, and Louisiana, tho States here
tofore considered doubtful, having given him
Nineteen States, including California, have
; cast their votes for Buchanan, eleven for Fremont,
and one for Fillmore, as follows :
Fou Bith anas'.- —Pennsylvania, New Jersey,
Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina. South Caro
lina. Georgia, Florida. Louisiana, Texas, Alaha
! uia. Mississippi, Arkansas, Tennessee, Kentucky,
Missouri, Illinois. Indiana, and California. Total
Fou Fiikmoxt. —Maine, New Hampshire, Ver
mont. Massachusetts, Rhode Island. Connecticut,
New York, Ohio, Michigan, Wisconsin, and Iowa.
Fou Fillmore.— Maryland, 8.
This gives Buchanan 25 votes more than is nec
essary to a choice, including the vote of Califor
nia, which had not reached New York, when the
The papers, as usual, teem with the most dire
The political aspect of Peru looks overcast, and
revolutionary movements are showing themselves
in every direction. The signs give indication of
some new and desperate game. The publication
of an Independent newspaper at Santiago, which
is to support liberal principles, and attack fanati
cism in all its strongholds, looks ominous.
The Nicaragua Steamship Orizaba arrived at
San Francisco on the 1‘Jth inst., with two days
later news from New York. We give a synopsis
below of the only important news she brings—
Washington, Nov. 21. Official returns from
all the parishes in Louisiana but one, give Bu
chanan 2,000 majority.
Buchanan lias 14,387 majority in Georgia -one
county yet to hear from.
The North Carolina Legislature met on the 10th
Baltimore. Nov. 21. -Lateon Wednesday night,
a party of row dies attacked an American IIall, i
and two Americans were shot one severely.
Ft. Lolls, Nov. 20. Last night, the block on
the levee, known as the City Building, consisting
of thirteen stores, occupied hy some of the heav
iest films in the city, was entirely destroyed bv j
lire. The loss is estimated at $100,000. The
amount insured has not been ascertained. The
block sold a year ago for $183,000.
Washington. Nov. 20.— Onr thanksgiving to
day was signalized at 2 o’clock by the marriage
of Senator Douglas, of Illinois, to Miss Ada t 'utts,
of Washington, alter which the married couple
took the cars for their future residence, in Chica
go. The bride was accompanied to the altar by
several bridesmaids, but the Senator, being a
widower, went alone. Only a few of bis personal
friends, including Gen. Shields, w ere present.
Forty-seven voting places in Texas show ma
jorities of 6,500 for Buchanan, and 1,488 for Fill
Official Vote of LorisrA\A.-‘-Buchanan, 22,-
161 ; Fillmore, 20,703.
Georgia, Official. —Buchanan, 66,617 ; Fill
Col. Kewen was lecturing in New Orleans, on
J5kd GlJ.Clt, Dec. 13tli, 185C.
Memt. EilIUre .-—As the next session of the Leg
islature is approaching, allow nit to Inquire wheth
er there is u probability of any action being taken
by that body to secure the establishment on a sub
stantial basis, of a permanent Fund for the ben
efit of the Common School system of this Slate.
Greater facilities are also required by those whose
duty it is to carry out the provisions of that sys
tem. in order that its many advantages may lie
fully enjoyed by the mass of our citizens.
If the mammoth task of electing IJ. S. Senators,
which overshadows in importance every other
subject in the eyes of politicians, can bn accom
plished in a reasonable space of time, there cer
tainly is r.o object more worthy the attention of
the Public Legislator than that of training and
educating the rising generation. The entire State
is rapidly tilling up with settlements and fami
lies, and is already every where enlivened with
merry groups of children, ami provision for their
education cannot be made too sqou nor too thor
I am not aware tlmt any steps have been taken
to secure the full value of the lands granted to
this State by the I r . S. Government, and if those
lands are squandered to meet the emergencies of
the present hour, there is no resource left us up
on which w'e may depend to supply the wants of
future years. If there is any question of more
moment to the people of the State of California
than that of Public Instruction within her bor
ders, I have,yet to learn what that question is.—
everything great and glorious which we have
predicted for our State in coming years, depends
mainly upon the training of her children. All
her interests will in a few years be in the hands
of those who are now youths and children, and
as they are the rightful property of the Slate, the
dictates of prudence and duty alike demand the
most careful husbanding of that property.
A proper discharge of their duties should be re
quired of the Superintendent and Commissioners,
while at the same time no hindrance to the per
formance of those duties should be permitted to
remain in their way. A revision of the present
School I.aw is called for, ami the members of tho
next Legislature would deserve, ns they would
doubtless receive, the thanks of un intelligent
community, were they to lay aside, for a season, i
political matters and discussions, and give their
undivided attention to the work of laying, deep
and broad, the foundations of a system of Instruc
tion adequate to the wants of the Slate nnd the
Thk Hon. John M. Clayjo.v.— The lion.
1 John M. Clayton died at his residence in Dover,
Delaware. Mr. Clayton has tilled a large place
in the alfuirs of the Nation, lie was three limes
elected United States Senator from Delaware, in
the years 183, 1845 and 18.ii), and had still three
j years to serve in that capacity at the time of his
death, lie was appointed Secretary of State by
(Jen. Taylor in 18411, and administered that office
until July It, 1850, when he resigned, upon the
decease of the President. Mr. Clayton was a
Whig of the old school, an ardent admirer of
Henry Clay, and eminently conservative in all
his tendencies, ills profession was the law. llis
reputation us a statesman rests chiefly upon his
negotiations with Sir Henry liiilwer in relation
toCentral American matters, all of which has
long since become matter of history. Mr. Clay
ton led a long and active life ; his age was about
sixty years. The vacancy in the .Senate ocea- j
slotted by his death,will probably be filled duriii"
the coming session of the Delaware Legislature,
which body it this year Democratic.
New-Year's day ! Another pinion shed from the
wing of Time ; another flower unwreathed into the
infinite mazes of the chaplet of Eternity ; another
year merged into the cumulating mass of by-gone
The dying gasp of the old and the chirping ad
vent ol a new year furnishes some food for im
proving reflection. I know an incident or two
that checks my disposition for laughter.
I It was only twelve months ago that a fond mo
ther indited joyous congratulations to her distant
sou. Pious soul as she was, she trusted in God
that she would he enabled to welcome in many a
succeeding New Year. Her health was so good ;
indeed she never felt better. She wrote that her
pulse was as full and strong as an opera girl's,
and she could read the smallest print without 'lie
aid of glasses. Why, she would'nt be surprised
if she should celebrate the holidays with her son
ten years from the time she was penning her ma
ternal sheet so joyously. Poor old lady, with all
her mother’s love and devout confidence in a pro
longed existence, her spirit is with the angels,
and her mouldering frame lias already gorged a
I myriad of shiny worms.
An old man I wot of was as abstemious as St.
Paul or Isaac Newton, save upon the wintry hol
; idays. Well, suppose he did upon such occasions
grow merry and unctions in shedding the blood
; of the grape. He has a right to quafl and that
right lustily to olden memories and dead and ab
sent friends. Joyous vintage irrigates and spreads
verdure over seared and withered hearts. Ho you
surmise that the old man once thought of the grim
Reaper ? Just a year ago he held high but virtu
ous revel and one of his toasts was confusion to
the Rider of the Pale Horse, and yet a few short
; months ago a skeleton hand was stretched forth
I and the good old man whose heart was lubricated
l with the oil of charity and all goodness now sleeps
under the church-yard stone.
Then I knew a maiden so proud and beautious
and debonair. With much merriment, and with
I a smiling face and voice musical as the breathings
I of a lute did she retort upon the donors the lioli
[ day greetings. Among her New Year visitors was
i a tall young man of dark eye and expansive fore
head, and he bent over her in rapturous admira
tion as in sitting posture she warbled a song of
love and joy. The two spoke in subdued and eur
[ nest tones of very happy days to come, for they
were betrothed, and what should prevent them
laving their burning souls in an ocean of future
bliss. Together would they stroll within the ar
bors of the matrimonial Paradise, and in uncheck
ed joyousness ferret out every avenue of bliss.—
Not long was it that the egg of their happiness
was hatched into a chicken of woo. He with the
dark eye and expansive forehead became a former
and tied away in darkness and ignominy, and the
proud girl.though she battled bravely against her
grief and love, pined away. The fatal tenement
of that crushed heart lies beneath the sod. That
sod is watered by no tears of stricken lover.
After much and severe travail a young mother,
last New \ ear's day. bestowed her lirst kiss upon
her cherub infant. O, lie w as swaddled so pret
tily in the linen drapary in which zealous nurses
enclose their sweet charges with such length and
profusion. None but Clod and angels can toll the
exstatic and ineffable jov of mothers over their
first born. I have said it was New Year's day,
and the sweet little darling smiled responsive to
a mother’s sublimity of bliss, and that mother,
released from bodily pain, in delirious happiness,
lined a joyous future for'her tiny darling. He
would ho great in the world's big eve. he would.
He would pluck honors with just each ease as she
brushed away the motes that had settled nponher
white pillow. Yet would he turn aside from his
path of glory to embrace and Idolize his mother.
Yes indeed, when her husband bad gone to the
skies and the friends of her youth had scattered
far away from her commune, that dear little ba
by, so helpless now in his new and nice little cra
dle, would be her pride still and her stuff in old
1 have watched that mother since repair at
eventide to a distant ccmotry. For long hours
beneath the pale moonbeam does she kneel beside
a little grav'?. In tender and heart-broken ac
cents she seems i' 1 be talking to some one and of
ten repeats the name of Willie, and asks God to
take her home that she may always he with her
darling boy. She is always happier after those
visits to the grave-yard, but she is very pale and
often in tears.
“ Come, come, Mr. Ollapod,” I hear one say,
“ you are a might too serious for New Year's day.
People will die of course.” To this I answer Hint
there is no better period than the present to gath
er the great morale thatlife is brief and va
porous. Such is the prccariousucss of our jour
ney to the tomb, so versatile and dickered our
career, that the most joyous of to-day maybe
suite with agony on the morrow. Thu stream of
life is choke d with wrecks. The chart of lvlteo
tion is necessary to (lie wary mariner. New
Year's day, an episode in the calendar of Time,
is most excellent for reflection. Chi too is it fa
vorable for good resolves and an entombment of
the differences and asperities of the past. Now
i|imrrels furrow deep w rinkles upon the In art and
brow. The ascetic and morose are moral surgeons
and with a dull scalpel they cut away from their
own hearts all the protruhorances of congeniality
and kindly feeling. Knell become dwarfed and
stunted trees, upon whose roots have been sprin
kled poison alkalis. Then no l advise that
we sepulchre with the past year all uukindness.
Get the vipers of malice, and envy and hate, and
all uuehavitableness be crushed beneath our
heels. No matter what fate o'ertuke ns the pres
ent year so that our souls are tinwarped by evil
passions. God loves those w ho love their fellows.
A Happy Nkw Yk.ui to Alt,.
In iny somewhat moral rhapsody upon the Now
Year did I not darkly hint about death, that
drizzly monarch of terrors ? Then um 1 remind
ed of poor old Jack.
The early history of this somewhat celebrated
individual is involved in considerable obscurity.
His parentage even is clouded in uncertainty. ' I
have learned, however, alter much and diligent
research, that he was the chance result of ait i!
licit amour ; nor yet am I at liberty to reveal the
strata upon which 1 base the origin of the sub
ject of this memoir.
It was some years since that a belated ami way
worn traveller arrived in this vicinage upon a
wearied and spavined mule. Hy the side of this
unde slowly ambled a dog of athletic proportions,
and a countenance that indicated his descent from
tile hnglish bull species, itetimes upon the fol
lowing morning the stranger left the town, and
his laithliil dog would have accompanied him but
for the follow ing incident. Another dog, a na
tive of the place, conveying in his month a large
and savory piece ol meat, happened to pass with
in the scope of his vision. A brief chase enabled
the foreign dog to overtake the town cur. Then
ensued a buttle of much fierceness and long con
tinuance, which resulted in the defeat of tlm mu
nicipal canine. To the victor belonged the dis
puted beef, which he gobbled down with much
avidity, meanwhile growling defiance at his ad
versary. The prolonged contest was viewed with
much interest hy a gentleman who has since ac
quired u large military reputation in this section
of country, and who now wears with equal mod
esty and merit the lofty and distinguishing title
of (letteral. After excellent enticement the val
ornus dog was induced to follow him to his dom
icil, and the (leiierul, ignorant of his baptismal
uppcllutiou, re-cliristi in d him with the ..unm of
Jack, and it d him luxuriantly with caresses ami
meat, ami at last weaned him from all ulfeetiou
towards his former master. Although not a citi
zen under Constitutional requirements, yet was
Jack wonderfully esteemed as an attached and
intelligent resident. Who in these parts kuuns
not old Jack, and who would puss him by with
out a recognition and a friendly pat upon his
rough and scarred forehead t Jack had bis faults
it is true. Nor dog nor man is perfect. Perhaps
bio amorous proclivities were too and pu
haps too lie neglected no opportunity to gratify
Ins inordinate propensities in this regard. There ■
are those who say that the town is flooded with j
his offspring, while the old debauchee, as they J
style him, never entered the marital relation.— I
They urge too that he never exercised the slight- j
est paternal care over the children of his illicit
loves. They charge upon him that his disposi
tion towards his brethren was litigious and sour J
and that his entire career in this town was signal-'
i/.ed by incessant growling and much biting, and
the continuous shedding of canine blood. And
yet how deeply submerged arc these trivialities
by his irreproachable valor, his general affection
for the human species and his undying attach
ment for his military master.
It was last Sunday that a malignant wretch, in- j
stigated by the Arcii fiend “ with Tarquin’s rav
ishing strides, moved like a ghost" towards a
butcher’s shop. This diabolical incarnation of
venom now secretes a mass of poisonous stricli
nine within a tempting morsel of beef and hunt
ing up the venerable .lack, whose years and sears
would melt to pity all save the bowels of pirate ,
or heart of hyena, in affected kindness presents
to lii.s victim the death portion. We shall not
dwell upon the dying agonies of our old friend.
We shall not draw a veil over the grief and un
appeasable woe of bis military master who hns
not been seen in this section since the mournful
occurrence. If there be a heaven for dogs, poor
old .Jack is now a canine angel robed in garments
white as the driven snow and pure as a virgin’s
thoughts. As for his fiendish murderer, may
damp and mildew and decomposition sieze upon
his body, and may his soul already black as the
soot of Tartarus be used as a ten piu ball in
Ilndos. * *
Weaver, Dec. 25, 185(5.
All Sorts of News.
Latest from Kansas—The latest news
from Lawrence, by (ho St. Louis and Chicago
papers, is to the 10th November. Fifteen of the
free State prisoners had been acquitted, but seven
of them were re-arrested on the charge of robbing
the Franklin post office.
The plan for the coming election is that a com
mittee shall canvass the Territory with a petition
asking Congress to give a seat to Governor Reed
er, and protesting against the admission of Mr.
Whitfield, lie haring been re-elected.
A large quantity of clothing and provisions
had arrived and w as being distributed among the
destitute in 111" Territory.
Hayes, the murderer of Bufi'ane, has been re
leased by Judge Lccoinplc on his giving bail in
the sum i if $ 10,000. Sheriff Jones was his bonds
man.' Gov. Geary ordered his re-arrest, but he
had a 1 read raped to Missouri. Gov. Geary
has threatened to hold Marshal Donaldson respon
sible for the recapture of Hayes.
The Grand Jury have indicted ninety of the
Free State prisoners for murder in tin* first degree.
Twenty of the prisoners taken at Hickory
Point were tried and found guilty of manslaugh
ter, ami sentenced to the years imprisonment at
Major John IT. Eaton.-- Muj. Joint II
Faton. late of Tennessee, died in Washington, lb
C. Major Faton occupied a very prominent posi
tion in the political vorid a quarter of a century
ago. 1 le represented his native Slate in the ( . S.
Senate, and was President Jackson’s first Secreta
ry of War. lie married the widow of Purser
Tintberlake, of the United States Navy. nod. in
consequence of the wives of the other members
of tlie Cabinet refusing to call upon her, the
Cabinet was dissolved. Mr. Van llurvir, who had
been Secretary of State, going as Minister to En
glaml, and Major Faton to Spain. It is many
years since Major Eaton took any prominent part
in political affairs.
Charles IT Huntington, Against wliorn
the Grand Jury have found twenty-seven bills of
indictment for committing forgery, lias been nr
riiigtn «1 in the Court of General Sessions in New
York. After some conversation between the
I > - ■ * * :ct Attorney and the counsel for the accused,
the Recorder put the trial of the case down for
the December term. The court room was crowded
with spectators anxious to view the prisoner, who
evidently labored under great mental agitation,
though he endeavored to preserve a calm de
On IVovcmbor 7, Mnj Ben Perlej Poore,
the Know Nothing candidate for Congress in the
Sixth District of Massachusetts, arrived in Boston,
trundling a wheelbarrow and a barrel of apples
from Newburyport, in fulfilment of a bet with
Col. Burbank, that Fillmore would get more votes
than Fremont in Massachusetts. The Major was
eccorted tip State street by the Fillmore Chilis of
Boston and Charlestown, and a military compa
ny, lie delivered the barrel In Col. Burkatik, on
the steps of the Trcninnt House, and the greatest
interest was taken in this novel feat.
(1 i:n. Denver —Tltc Sacramento A inert
can lias been informed that Gen. Denver was to
have been married on the day after iho sailing of
tiie steamer from New York, to a lady to whom
he has been attached for a long time.
At North Fork, Trinity Co., on the 19(h inst,,
the wife of Daniel Snyder, of a Sox.
Auction Notice. •
r F If H undersigned will offer lor sale at Public
I Am-lion, in tin 1 town of tVeaverville, in front
of tlio Slierjlf’s ollice, on
Saturday, January 10th, 1656,
between tin' bun in of 10 o’clock, a. in. and I ]).
m. of said day, tlie followingdescribed property,
to wit :
■1 YOKE OF WORKING OXEN’,
1 ) OR ES AND CHAINS,
■I SETTS LOG TRUCKS,
1 SETT DOUBLE f/ARXESS,
I In' allow property having been placed in my
hands by M. Short A Co., in the month of Sep
tember last. to secure the following debts of said
firm : J. W. Badger. Still and interest; A. I).
Doye, $2.50 ; Jesse Failing, 300 ; J. A. Hatch,
$122 ; Edu ard Coknin, $2118, and McLain A \Vi n-
Wenvcr, S11I8, with full power to sell (he same
alter the. first day of November last, upon ten
days notice, and apply the proceeds of the same
to the payment of the debts aforesaid, pro rata.
Now, unless (tie aforesaid debts arc cancelled
by the said M. Short & Co. before the sa d 10th
day of .lanuary, the above described propory will
be sold to satisfy the same.
„ ' JOHN W. BADGER,
weaver, Dec. 27, 18,3.5. •10-2w.
$30 It F WARD.
VA i LAN I’. D () L SI 1 1 LI. X from the subscriber on
i or about the middle of September, one rone
Spanish mare, wilh a Spanish brand on the left
shoulder nnd right hip. Any p, r on returning
said male to James Hoadiey at Leu istnn, or anv
informntion that will lead 'to her recovery wiil
receive the above reward. JOSEPH DOTS
Lewiston, Dec. 23, 183(1. .(P
ST, CHARLES HOTEL.
MAIN’ STUKKT, - - - WHAVEIIVII.LK.
Will. S. FROST, Proprietor.
Weaver, Dee. 27, 1835. . jp.tf.
C ANON CITY D1V., No.
1*7, N. of T., hold their regn
dar meetings at their Hall in Cufi
jon City, every Saturday evening,
at 7 o’clock.
Omrnus.- W. 1!. Clothier, W. P. ; J. W. Hub
hard. 3 . P. ; Win. R. MeDaniel, R. S. ; j, \y. ytat
ler F. R. S. ; Will. Guthrie, F.S. ; J. Carlyle, ?. ;
L.ll. Lyons , .;C. S. Shaw, A. C.;R.( oleman
.Rp.w'igh, f:u: ( ,’: s ' ;I ' u '" cu f
I. o. of O. F.
join'll ST A It LODlil’, ,
n No. i-l. meets every Wednesday/
evening, at 8 o’clock, at Odd Fellow*’
Hall, Main I. VVeaverville. AJfl visiting llm
lliersare cordially invited to attijid.
8. I). KRElDER, N. G
J Ml. AXDEJtSO.V, R. s,
REMOVAL..—F. XV. lllnke & C o.
have removed their Oltice to the West side of Main
Street,second door above the Independence Hotel,
& NEW-YEAR GIFTS !
TO Tin: LADIES AMD GENTLEMEN !
will hold a Catalogue Auction Sale of la-
VV dies Dry Goods on Wednesday, the 24th, at
10 o'clock, a. in., consisting of
SILK VELVET, CLOTH A SILK MANTILLAS,
DRESS SILKS. (LATEST STYLE.)
LADIES EMRHOIDERKD CHEMISES,
LADIES KMBKOri) SLEEVES & COLLARS,
LADIES EMBROIDERED H’DKFS.
LADIES SILK. MERINO AND COTTON HOSE,
GAITERS. BOOTEES A SHOES,
CALICOS. RATER. MTSLINS. BLEACH'D
SHEETINGS, and other articles too numerous to
mention. The Store will he arranged to the com
fort of ladies attending. D. M. EDER A Co.
N. H.—There will be an Auction sale of Cloth
ing. Boots, Ac., on Christmas and New-Year's
mornings at 10 o'clock. 48-2w.
LjS a ('o
hat(ii-mi:kti\g cotillion tarty
AT STEINER’S FLAT.
Tlie public are respectfully informed that
otilliou Tarty will bo given at Steiner’s
Ranch. Trinity River, on
New-Year’s Eve., Dec. 31st, 1856,
by the undersigned, who will endeavor to con
tribute to the entertainment of those who may ac
company us in watching the Old Year out and
the New Year in.
Weaver. —Wm. M. Lowe. I. G. Mcsscc.
Oregon Gulch. —Frank Harris.
JUdgeviVe. —.1 oh n llell.
Grass Valle//.- Wm. F. Lowden.
Chauncet/rillr. Charles Warren.
Mouth of Wearer Creek. —A. II. Maine.
A'orth Cork. —C. Lee.
Me11 illivrai/ -Capt. E. M. Sawyer.
JUg Flat. —A. McQuillan.
Canadian liar. — I). Rico.
Cue's liar. —.1. It. Sanborn.
Canon City. —.T<>1 11 i Wright.
Steiner's Ranch.- -George Morse.
Mouth of Canon Creek. —J. Whitmore.
Room Managers—J. E. Church, Frank Carson.
Steiner's Flat, Dec. 13, 18f»(i. 47-8w.
U r l IO is it Keeps the best (iold it Silver Wnteh
cs at tltv lowest prices?
U T IfM is it keeps constantly on hand beautiful
diamond and Specimen Recast Pins?
UrtTO is it affords the Miners an opportunity
to procure magnificent Finger Pings, Lock
ets and other splendid articles of Jewelry to send
to their friends in the States as a '‘keepsake"?
UTITO is it that keeps constantly on hand arid
makes at the shortest notice Watch Chains
of every variety, and is prepared to repair Watch
es, make Gold heads for Canes. Ac. ?
Y\ r H< 1 is it guarantees his work in the repair-
V T ing of time pieces of every kind?
IIC is it keeps Gold buckles, Slides, Pens,
* > Ear Rings, A c., which he is at all times pleas
ed to exhibit tii those w ho will favor hint with at
call? J. LORTZDORF,
Wtitelunakcr and .letvellrr,
Main Street.one door above Hooker’s.
'Weaver, flee. fi. 1855. 4(i-tf.
11 f.a r/n r and luxury !
VEGETABLE BRANDY BITTERS ! !
A VAST AMOUNT OF NAUSEATING AM>
1\ noxious compounds having been thrust into the
market unde,* the name of “ Hitlers,” it becomes
tin* duty of the Proprietors and Agents for that
sale of the celebrated
Gregory's Vegetable Brandy Bitteffl,
to expose the fact, and absolve from
glring tacit assent to any merit claimed to lw
possessed liy those injurious eonipounds. The
spieiiil qunlitie. of GREGORY'S JilTTF.RS are
to renovate aiol invigorate the body, promoting
activity in the digestive organs, and conscrjurnt
l.v eradicating dyspepsia and other similar rom
pluints incident to a sedentary life. To all trav
elers, either by land or sea. to miners and others
whose occupation calls for severe nmscnlar action
these ltilters will lie form (I of invaluable serricc.
The high standing of I in. GREGORY, the disco* 1
ercv. was the lirst gonrrantee of Us snpt-rinr exeel
ieeee. its own nmupinlh d merits has since estab
lished for it a world-wideceh hrify. Dr. Gregory
has for years been at the head of the Medical
Faculty in London, and twice IVcsidont of tlx?
London < 'ollege of Physicians and Surgeons.
These Dittos are composed of carefully select
ed roots of a line Ionic character, and the choicest
brand* ol French brandies, making them an
agreeable and palatable stiimilent, as well as i»
healthful appetiser. So generally are their mer
its admitti d. that they are always to be fonmVirt
every resp viable Saloon, Hotel, and amongst the
stores of every steamer or packet ship.
E. L&MLIN & CO.,
, ... IlH Clay street.
Are II,e SOLE M A .Vt r FACTllR Kits and DK.-VL-
Mh m teis luiminihle tonic in California and
MESSKB. G. RENAUD & CO,
Are their Agents in Sacramento.
Orders addressed to either of these firms will
receive prompt attention. A liberal discount
made to dealers. JO. LAMLINAOo.
131 Clay street.
B M. EDBR & CO.,
'> enverville, sole Agents for Trinity Co
•San Francisco, Dec. 20, 18Hi. 48-3,n.'
Gregory s Vegetable Brandy Bitters-
<>ssis. r. La III I ill AiCo., Prnnri
dors ol llr, Gregory’s Vegetable Hitters—
onttnotii justice demands that 1 should thus pub
1 • state the benefits I hav e received by using
'our invaluable Hitters, as before I used them f
"as sulfering from a palsied appetite, and which
prevented me from attending to my daily labors
or necessary avocations, but since I have used
your truly renovating remedy I am a different
man ; can eat In arlily and am entirely strength
ened. If publishing this will be of any servira
t" you, it may be freely used, and I cheerfully
recommend it to my fellow creatures who nmv lie
iHHictod. WILLIAM MILLING
iSvvorn to before me, this 20th day of October
A. I>. 1k»(». John Middleton.
Aotary Public, County of tSun Francisco, State
of California. 48-9^.
T(JK undersigned having been appointed He.
erivrr by tile lion. <’. E. Williams. District
C I,' • *he suit of
< I'.u b-s 1 hoina.s and H II. Darling, plaintiffs, and
1. • limt. D. >ho|>t and Edward Cokain, defend
''.V' l '- v /w' , ' H . " otlot ’ ,0 “>l persons indebted
'‘V'V M t A <'•>-, to make immediate
i i\till III to tin- undersigned and nave cotta, as alt
« " .• persons are forbid collecting t|ie wvpy., ami
1,1 1 r • s ' ms iletPitna-s tvgaluHt said Compa’
ny are requested to tile, them with
... , <ML I*. NOI<CUO ja .4 l ftepeiver.
''caver, Dec. 20, 1850. " 18 tf.
I! '"i r l‘i.CK| Vi-:|), 2(1 Kegs Fresh Vick
° |l; 0 huliuoit, For sale low, by
... . II. HOC
"caver, August i>, 1856,
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