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WATERBURY, CONN, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 12, 1903.
PRICE TWO CENTS. yOL. XVI, NO. 5S ELECTRICITY LET LOOSL : "", "... ....... 1 : ' Broke Bounds on Ninth Avenue Elevated Road Last Night. Ill HELD PRESIDENT BAER DREW THE CROTO STRIKERS OUT 33 DAYS-QUIET ALONG THE LINES. Women Hurl Pics and Stones at South Main Street Car Drivers Manager Sewell Says He Has Enough on Hand Without Looking Forward to Next Summer Strikers Issue Daily Statement Notes of the Strike. '--ough tlie trolley - strike is now progressing without very many excit ing incidents attaching to it, it is BtiU as interesting as ever. Obstacles by the score meet the motormen and con ductors everywhere and Manager Sew ell is well aware that1 ills troubles are not' by any means over. Some time ago he was asked how he expected to run, cars to Boulder grove, Forest park and the Driving park next summer in. case the strike would not be over by that time, or "would such places of amusement be in existence next-summer in. case the strike was still on at that time, v He replied that he was not bothering about next summer; that he had enough on hand now to more than keep him busy and give him an noyance without taking up the- trou bles of a summer to come. It is not known now that there are any irons hi the lire that promise, to come out red hot with any prospect of n near settlement, but still the situa tion is such that it may be settled at any; moment and then again It may' never be settled, in which case the company would do business under the ban of being what labor men call "'un fair." , ;V.'.; Sv-y , , :.'. Yesterday some incidentsthat tend ed to make if rather interesting for those concerned occurred. A ctew on a ' South Main street car were the ob jects attacked. - The place of attack v -v.i uiur , xjt-ar meiiaow, street nnd in front of what evidently was a boarding house.' ! The first attack wa s made early in the afternoon. One woman engaged the motorman in con versation while a second woman stood near the rear step of the car. A sher iff was, on board, After a few min utes talk between the parties in front tb A nr $mTtt n tr mnt-n An iAn the woman ; at the ; rear plait orm threw a custard pie at the conductor who was standing on the platform. The pastry like a fuli mooii struck' the man square in the face ' and 4 then splashed all over his clothing. lie was a yellow conductor without a doubt. ' From his' Head to bis Wheels' he was dripping', with ;yellowv The sheriff got some of it, but not very' much. . ' And still the car wa- going along. The conductor in his anxiety to arrest the woman forgot to stop the car. but made a jump and losing his, bnlance he ; fed, .flat, on his face, thus bis dignity and feelings 'were severely, hurt. , By; the time he got on his feet both the women bad disappeared and the sheriff," who had stopped, the car meanwhile, appeared to be too much surprised to do anything. V , . On ihe return trip of the car , two eggs were thrown at, the conductor and motorman. , The latter y was struck. , , This time, however, the car was. stopped almost immediately the attack was made and tle .conductor, the motorman and the . sheriff all ran for the entrance to the house. They found it. locked and they dared not break in, though probably the sheriff iad power to do so. . ( Still the women were not satisfied with what they had doue. When the car again appeared stones were thrown at the men in charge. The ' women were on the sidewalk this time, near a group of men. ; The sheriff advanced toward them and ' the group of '.'men met him. Trouble was in the air and the sheriff's olfactory power was not dead to it. U He saw that the group of men were there, to protect the two wo men and to attempt to arrest them would result in blows, perhaps worse. He asked the car crew what he should flo and they advised, him to let them go to the dickens and he complied with the suggestion. There was no further trouble at that point During the week ,; the strikers have been rather anxious to ascertain if all the non-union men are still boarding and lodging in the barn. ' A sheriff yesterday said all the men were still there and that some of them eat four meals a day and work about sixteen hours a day. II could not say what pay' they got for this long work day. The strikers say it cannot be less than ?2.r0, a day with board and lodg ing. So that it Is evident the non union men are not paid so very high,' After all. Some of them have tried to get boarding places, but failed. They experience great difficulty in buy ins ven tobacco. Here is an Instance: One of the sheriffs on one of the Naug- fctnek cars yesterday was given a nick. el by on of the non-union men on the car to buy a package of chewing to bacco. "Yon don't belong to the trol ley company?" said the storekeeper In Kaugatuck when the sheriff presented himself for the tobacco. "Not by a long shot," said the sheriff. "Well, I suess you be one of the sheriffs, then; you look, like one," said the sus picious storekeeper. "Well, what if I am," growled the Uioriff, losing patience, "I want a pa per of tobacco." "Ain't got it." said the storekeeper, as though he would cry. Th sheriff iDSisfed he ha'l, but ji? Nr.la-rprr wa. obdurate. . ' "Ain't I a lookin at it?" growled trie sheriff, pointing to a paper of the weed. " ' "Oh. you see," said the storekeeper, fully alive to the occasion, "that be the kind I use meself," and as he spoke he opened the package and took a mighty "chaw." It happened to be the only package visible and the sheriff was going away disappointed and angry when the storekeeper called after him: "Kay, won't ye have a thaw?" . "Oli, go to the devil," snarled the sheriff as he hiked for another store. Sliere he cot the tobacco, but he hud to ; say he was not connected in any way with the trolley company. "Well, say," said he to the motor man when he got back, "if I knew I'd have so much dn trouble getting your tobacco I'd have bought some for my: self and given, it to you instead of buy ing it for you." ; .' T According to the non-union men they are anxious to get away from here. Most of them hail from Brooklyn, where they had some kind of a contract 3 with the company 'by which they were enabled to come here. But their time" of absence is closing and they are desirous of getting away. It was the large pay induced them to come here, so that after all there may have been something in Colonel Bur pee's offer of taking back twenty or twenty-five of the strikers and the rest when opportunity offered, i-; The men are not in love with this town, even though, they are getting a large dally wage from their point of view, and as the season progresses the trolley com pany will have greater trouble in finding men to man the cars. Yesterday in Waterville .a car stop ped opposite a certain woman's door. It stopped longer than she cared , to have it there and oh, the guilelessness and innocence of some women is truly delightful. This woman went out on the sidewalk and gave that conductor rats for , keeping his car standing, op poslte her door. .-' Is there a man in .all Waterbury that would' do this? She gave him a large slice of her mind n.hont her onlnlon of manhood and tak ing the bread . out of other people's mouths and keeping down their wages. Tn WntM-villfl also a storekeeper asked a woman ; who entered his store what he could do for- her and she : saw, "Nothing;; she was waiting for a car." tim Htnrpkpenr rromt)tlv told her his store was not a waiting room for the Connecticut Railway and Lignung Co; that company did not , help him n-.iiia tnvos nnd be could not afford to accommodate- its customers , under the circumstances. . '. T.tiatjv.nirir ns the shops were dls- v . - gorging iiieu uen uiv.."". a . car . standing snear. the ' Holmes; Booth & Haydens factory. A large co 'vvmlnir throusrh a window on the opposite side capped themto beat a retreat. ' oon rne cry-wfin the car -was being attacked, butnot another stone was thrown. ' Only one. wihdoAV was broken. . " : Hereafter a 'bus will leave the Norwood ewitch on North Willow, street every morning at 0:iJ0. This is the latest addition to the 'bus lines. Sheriff Dunham has not yet removed his force of deputies. ' The reports they brought to him yesterday after noon did not convince him it would be prudent to release them. The interference with the cars last evening was very slight. A few stones were thrown On the Bank street line, a few on the. South Main street line and torpedoes were laid on a part of the tracks in Waterville. , Such in brief is the report of the deputies who were on duty.-' ;' v '"A :;-.! .' 1 Last night the 'buses were crowded and, notwithstanding the great doAvn pour of rain the cars were not patron ized very. well. The people seemed de termined to win this strike for their fellow citizens whom they all know to be respectable men, many of them hav- ing large families. . v ; It is surprising how prominent a man can become In a town like Waterbury in a few days. . A month ago very few residents of this town knew. Boss Far ley,but now and for some time past his name is upon almost everybody's lips. A woman who never saw and dose not know what he looks like was around town to-day looking for a val entine such as she thought would ult Farley. :''..--'---. . The cage car does not appear to be doing any more business than the oth ers. One woman who rode In it from the depot to Exchnge place said she shouldn't have got in if she had notic ed the screen." She said that she had used the cars as usxial since the strike started and that nobody had meddled with her. AH she found fault with was the "stare'' of sympathizers, but she ' didn't ; see what the authorities could do to prevent that. ( ' Judge Burpee was asked this morn ing; as to the situation at the barn. He said it was very well, indeed, that the men were all right and all of them good fellows. Three of them are sons of working people. One is the son of a very wealthy woman living in Brook lyn. N. Y., and two of them sons of college professors, one of the latter' a member of Yale faculty. He wns ask ed what could hav prompted such young, meri to engage in work of this kind and he replied' "it was probably love of excitement and novelty. "The same motive I suppose," said he, "that prompts many a yomg man of good education, first class position in so ciety, enjoying everything that a young man would care to have to join the army or navy." , 4 Those letter carriers who rode on the trolley cars before the strike but have not been doing so since the strike 'began, were ordered to commence rid ing again this morning by Postmaster Guernsey. The order Was issued in the interests of - business and not be cause the postmaster is opposed to the strikers. . - , ; BOUND OVER AT NAUOATUCK, Naugatuck, Feb 12. Walter Ories back, the young man, who was .'arrest ed last night charged with . throwing stones at a trolley car, was lxund over to the next term of the superior ocurt under $300 bonds by Judgo Huurer ord this morniac , The strikers' executive committee issued the following statement this af ternoon.- . v "To-morrow will be the thirty-fourth day of the strike. ' Consequently to day is the thirty-third. The public is now so accustomed to reading our pub lie statements that we feel it ncessary to issue one every day, even though we may not always have something of public interest to Impart. 'About a year ago our city v was suf fering from an epidemic of such a na ture as to cause a punster to state that it reminds him of. the present time be cause of the prevalence of "scabs" on jboth, decasions. We capi truthfully state, however, that none of our men show any signs of 'breaking but' yet' We are sure we can be excused for ap pearing in a jovial mood at this writ ing, as it simply reflects the prevailing good nature existing among the strik ers.. If we published all the good jokes sprung at us during this difllculty, we are sure the public would enjoy, them, but there is a serious side to the affair also, and ' we forbear doing so. We think, however, , there are enough jolly readers in the city who will enjoy a joke that was given out at this morn ing's meeting ; It . was to the , effect that a stranger in town yesterday ask ed to be directed to the Waterbury hos pital, A wag, who happened along answered him thusly: 'Just step out in the ' center, ; . stranger,' , and: shout three cheers for the trolley company; You'll then find the hospital right quickly." . . "Daniel Dillworth of Detroit, Mich, who has, settled the Torontb strike as well as niany others, arrived here from Lynn, Mass, last night. He addressed the men this morning and was given a warm greeting of welcome. Mr Dillworth 'is chairman of, the national executive , committee and is a man of wide experience in his line as well as a man of education and good judgment His advice is sure to be of great bene fit to the men. -( Mr Dillworth, among other; things, informed the' men this morning that 'the National association has a committee now out looking into the .matter of securing a stock of auto mobiles for use in' such cases as the present one "here. He' also stated that a large nwijority of those vehicles are manufactured exclusively by union la bor. ' ' " 1 ' ' . , "Meantime, our 'bus lIne,Isoing- iC good business. . The men in the charge, of theui teport - business increaslig diiily. The general public, v however,' seem to feel that they are ", displaying gi-eateir sympathy toward our cause by walking, which they .are heroically do ing. ; The same old1 crowd .rides, as they did from the start. The present business of the trolley company is not one that will; warrant the paying, of dividends! - - , , Contributions and communications of encouragement keep coming in at every meeting and are ; being acknowledged as fjst as the committee can get to it. The - Iron Moulders' union, No 241 of New Britain, this morning sent; In a communication offering moral support and requesting' to be called upon for financial aid : at any time. We have hundreds of similar communications oh file. : . !, ;w.,;''; ,' , ;'rr "At the present' time the conditions remain practically unchanged and the tug of war shows no signs of a let up." More im, Touch., A placard announcing "Fine Skat ing on Crystal Lake'? prompted ' a well-known Heading man to indulge in tltat diversion the other day Not having essayed it for some years, he soon showed his want of practice by sitting ;d(wn very ' unceremoniously on the .ice, which operation he re peated at frequent ' intervals. One small boy, observing him in that po sition, skated tip and said:v "Mister, you haven't got 1 your skates on right." . , Looking critically at his feet, the other asked: "How, then, would you have me fix them?" "Fasten them to the seat ; of your pants," replied the youth, as he glid ed " swiftly ' away. Philadelphia , Orljsln. of Roquefort Cheeae., '. ; About, the famous Roquefort cheese the following legend is told: "A shep herd lad,' having more Juncheon than he could eat, laid a large portion of his bread and cheese updn a natural shelf in one of the caverns near by. He for got all about it until several months later, when he found the; cheese, in stead of being dried up or rotten, was rich, moist, creamy and streaked with greenish-blue veins, He shared his pke of cheese with others, and the villagers were quick to recognize the improved texture and quality. Hence forth all. their cheeses were taken to these, caves to ripen. The caves arei now owned by a company, who employ 600 women to tend the cheese." Cin cinnati Enquirer. One of the quaintest of pincushions represents a . demure .little quaker ess in cap and kerchief. Thlstle-Dpvrn In China. In China the clow of the thistle is gathered and mixed with raw silk so ingeniously' that even experts are de ceived when the fabric is woven. It fs also used to stuff cushions as a sub stitute for eider-down, and a very good substitute it makes. N. Y. Sun. s To "Avoid Germany' " , With the. object of " diverting ; the stream of emigrants that now travels to America via Germany, the Hungari an government proposes to establish a line of steamers running between Flume and the United States , , ranic Among Men and Women on Sta tion Platform No One Injured, Al though One Man Had His Flesh Seared (by the Intense Heat. New York. Feb 12. The full power of the electric current conveyed "by tne third rail of the Ninth avenue elevated railroad broke bounds last evening with a blinding flash and tearing off the iron contact &hoQ of a train standing at the 110th station, followed the tracks under the train struck and flashed along the iron work of the platform with a deaf ening explosion and, striking a heavy iron chain and breaking it into sections, flung it across the station. ' A panic ensued and menand.women made a wild rush for the station exit from the platform, while the passen gers on the trains feared to attempt to leave, the 'cars.;;". ;v :rv.';;, i'-'f ; Fortunately no one was seriously In jured. A long , section of the broken chain white hot i from the, v current which had passed through it, flew like if whiplash in front of the face of one of the men on the station platform, not touching him, but searitfg his flesh with the intense heat as it passed, , BASEBALL OUTLOOK There May Be No League Games in Waterbury This Year. Manager Harrington of the . Water bury baseball team ' was asked , to-day in regard to the prospects of a baseball team here during the coming season. "The outlook is very globmy," lie re plied, "the prospects, of ' Waterbury being represented in the Connecticut league this season is very slight. I have had several offers .to take the team out of this city. One of them ia to sell it to Thomas Dowd and have it transferred to Holyoke, - another is to go into, partnership with Dowd, while the third is to , transfer tlie tea m to Holyoke and own it myself. There is a strong movement among the directors to have the team transferred to Holy oke, as they are of the opinion baseball would pay better there than here. Yes I did have a talk with Manager Sewell some time ago in regard to tlie trolley company paying some of the expenses in fiting up new grounds and he assur ed me that the company would prob ably be willing to appropriate, a sum for that purpose., That was some time lefore the strike pegan. The company might npt do so how. ' As to players, "i will have a good team this year ' Mc Corinick will pjay anti will, receive $30 a r -month more than' last Reason.'. v Yes terday. I received an offer from Jim O'Rourke to exchange IMcCormick for Cusick. I don't think I will, however. I have received many applications for positions on the team. It is not, known as yet whether reteKiernan will play this season.' He has'been reserved by me and must play under my manage ment if he plays at all and I remain in the game. As I said before there is just a slight possibility of Water bury being in the state league this wa- son. GERMANY BACKS DOW?T. Has Agreed to. Take Its Venezuela Debt in Five Fayments. Washington, Feb 12. At the urgent suggestion of 'Baron Von Sternburg, the German government, has agreed to withdraw its demand for a cash pay ment of $340,000 and has accepted the proposition of its minister to receive the ; money from ; Venezuela ) . in , five monthly installments. Italy , Is some what annoyed at German's demand for Increased cash and the Italian ambas sador cannot present Ills protocol for signature Until ; the receipt of further Instructions from his government. ' LUMBER DEALERS MEET. 'Hartford. Feb 12. Th annual meet ing of the Connecticut State Lumber Dealers 'association as held in this city to-day at Union hall, with a large at tendance of lumber dealers from all parts of the state. President E. It. Bronson of. Winsted delivered his an nual address and Louis A. Mansfield of Nevf Haven read his annual report. At the conclusion of the meeetlng ad journment .was taken to the Allyn house, where a banquet was served. Among the invited guests were Gov ernor Chamberlain and Mayor Sulli van. . ,):. -.'.' ... Th Conntltntlom In Prwctlce. The theory , of the constitution i that the three departments of the gov ernment the legisative, the executive, and the judiciary are independent of one another. In practice, the govern ment is not carried on in harmony with this theory. The system of checks and balances does not operate as its inventors intended. The presi dent was to have had the power o'f selecting his subordinates; thesenate, through; the exerciC of tlie power of confirmation, was- to prevent the ap pointment of unworthy men, especial ly of men who might connive with the president o usurp power. Inpractice most of the president's subordinates are forced upon him. He usually selects after consultation with a sena tor, who stands for the whole senate, for he has ; its power behind him through a custom which has grown to be a rule of conduct, known as the "courtesy of the senate." nenry Loomis Nelson, in Century. , T Oldest Athletic Sport. ' -Polo is probably the oldest of ath letic sports; ' It has been traced to 600 B. C. V A CaU, Tlme-RnrUteop. t SheDidn't" our honeymoon pass quickly, 'dearest? He Well, I should say it did 1 Why, It seemed no time before I had spent all the money 1 fcad-IlrrieE,s Bazar. Uncoupled Engine, Mail and Ex press Car From Train. Sheriff and Tosse is Now Scouring the ; Country for Robbers Express Mes senger 'Says the Men Got Only About ' $300. Butte, Mont, Feb 12. The Burling ton express, No 0, east-bound, was held up shortly after midnight on the North ern Pacific tracks eight miles east of this city, near Homestead,' by two mounted men. They covered the sides of the train with their guns, uncoupled the engine, mail and' express cars aod ran them ahead of the train about two miles. . ' " . 1 Tlie operator at Highview 'says that he heard two explosions and it is be-, lieved the bandits attempted to iblow the safe to pieces. The trainmen of the passenger train, after the robbers had left with, the engine and cars,' has tened back toward, Butte and met an incoming freight train, ttye engine of which was uncoupled to run to Butte and the alarm, given. A sheriff and posse and force of police have left for the scene on a train. I The railway officials asked , the peni tentiary officials at Deer Lodge for their bloodhounds. 1 , J Sheriff Qulnii ajid posse, when about a mile arid a half out of the city. were met by Division Superintendent Boyle, who was a passenger on the train held up. , Superintendent Boyle rushed to the front of the train when ..it whs stopped by the robbers, but refrained from shooting, fearing he would hit thQ trainmen. . . j Every officer in the city has been called to South Butte and all approach es to the city are carefully guarded. ' The sheriff is scouring the country 4nd a fight between the officers and rcibbers is' believed to be imminent. The robbers fired two charges of dynamite, blowing the safe to pieces and wreck ing tjie express car. The saf e, accord ing to the railway people, contained nothing of value. . Word has been re ceived that a special train left Deer Lode at 3 a. m. with the penitentiary bloodhounds. -W The . train , was a double-header and the engines with the mall and express cars were run about GOO feet ahead of .the rest of the train. A few moments arter the train was stopped there were two explosions of dynamite, which wrecked the express car. The roof , was blown off, but no one was injured. Reports vary as to the amount of booty secured by the robibern. ! The express messenger; says that the robbers did not get. more than $."500., ' - ' . In other quarters it is said the plun der will amount to several thousand dollar' at least. ;ins "also 'sald that several of the inail pouches' were rifled. ' - ; . , ' " ' A "railway mall cleric whose name cannot .be ascertained j at present was shbt.bythe hold-ups. It is not thought his ' wound is dangerous. When the express messenger realized that there was a hold-up he tossed a package of money that he held in .Ids' hand upon a rack aibove ,his head, atid' this' money probaibly.;- was.,.Ksavod;.;';y- This.rfact tviil not be definitely known, ha wever. until an opportunity is' given for a search of the -wrecked car. .; h . ; v Helena. Mont Feb 12. The Northern Taciflc Tin il wa y Co has offered a re ward of $5,000 for the arrest and con viction of the five men who are said to have held up the Burlington express just east of Butte this morning.- The company will pay the $5,000 reward for the entire gang, or $1,000 for each member . convicted. . HARTFORD BIRDS WON. Hartford, Feb 12. Ff ty sports from this city and New Britain held a cock ing main near Wethersfleld last night. The battles were held in an isolated barn about one-quatrer of a mile from, the center, i The contests were held at midnight." and every precaution had been taken to keep, the matter quiet. The sports entered the town in pairs. Between $G0O and $700 changed hands and Hartford won every battle. There were five birds on a side arid four of the New Britain birds were killed. The financial embarrassment of the 'New Britain men .was so complete that they had to -borrow money to get "home,. , NEW CABINET OFFICE. New York, Feb 12. The new cabi net office required by the department of of commerce, bill, who will Ue known as the secretary of commerce and labor, will, the Herald announces, be George B. Cortelyou, now secretary to the president. This was decided byv Mr Roosevelt as soon as it was evident that the new department would be created: The appointment meets with approval among all public men. and carries-out a wish of President McKInley. v. : : . V-;: J2IErtARTPORD BRIDGE, ; Washington. Feb 12. The chaplain of the house in his invocation to-day, made reference to President Lincoln. A bill was passed to authorize the bridge and highway commissioners to build a bridge across , the Connecticut river at Hartford.; ' ! ' CITY NEWS, You get $5 trousers in U, S. & Go's opening sale for $3.80. It's a ' chance that Will not occur again until times get hard and goods go down. s Tlie Ladies' auxiliary of the A. O. II. will hold a meeting to-night at Knights of Columbus hall at which business of special importance will be transacted. Superintendent Doran of the board of charities received' a communication to-day from New York informing him that John Kalaber is improving and will soon be able to come home. .-.'. . To-day, Lincoln's birthday,! was not generally; observed. The banks were closed all day and the postoffice closed at noon. The schools were not closed but this afternoon exercises appropri ate to the day were held by the pupils. The IUffh school closed at .12 o'clock. Only a fev, flags we ecn floating in honor of tna day Many People, Were Anxious to Hear the Mine President. PROMINENT ' WOMEN THERE. Mistaken Theories, Said Baer, Was the Causa of the Lawlessness i? Mine Regions He Says That Lead ers Intended to Force Demands By , Threatened Destruction ' of the Mines. Philadelphia, Feb 12. With the ex pectation of hearing George F. Baer, president of the Reading Co" make the closing argument against the demands of the miners, the largest crowd that has yet jammed tlie United States cir cuit court room' was present when the coal strike commission opened its ses sion to-day. Many prominent ', men; 'and women were ariiong the throng which fought its way into the hearing room, v Ex-Congressman iWolverton, principal counsel for the Philadelphia & Reading Coal' & Iron Co, who ,was making-his argument when the com mission , adjourned yesterday finished it this morning. Mr Wolvertoo pre sented an array of figures to show that the average earnings of tlie con tract miners .of the Reading Co are higher; than $hQ : average",-' earnings of most of the skilled workmen of the state. ; He also opposed the dem and for an eight-hour day because s it would reduce the output of the mines and also would reduce the ; present wages of tlie men. Reverting to the wage' question. Mr Wolverton said that: if . an increase of wages is decid ed upon it should not be a horizontal' one, but should be on a sliding scale basis.,. '' --i. .-;'.' :-:;-. i'';.. President Baer poke.as follows: ; V ; "In general, no one denies the right of man to organize for any1 lawful pur pose, but the right to organize, and the power of the organization when organ ized, must still be governed and con trolled by the general Jaw, of thMtnd under which our individual and prop-' erty .rights, are protected. " We con cede to organized labor the same rights that we claim for organized capital. Each must keep within the law. There cannot be one law for citizens and cor? porations,. and another for labor or ganizations. . ,,. "The lawlessness in the coal regions was the direct result of mistaken the ories as to the reports of the mine workers, r f It will not do to say that the leaders have not encouraged vio lence and crime.;;. It is true.' no doubt, that they did not advise it. They may, a,tl times have counselled against it and expressed regrets for it, never-' theless they ; are legally and morally responsible for the situation they cre ated, and from which this ' violence and crime necessarily resulted. Reso lution No 85 of the Shnmokln conven tion approves - the . action ? of district convention-No 1 which decided to in sist upon all who work in and around the .; mines to become members of the uriion and that they may be authorized to refuse to work with non-union n,ien. "The leaders intended to enforce their demands by the threatened de struction of ; the mines. They : well knew that if the pumping ceased the mines would , ibe Idestiroyetl, , They thought the operators would yield rather than see the ruin of the mines. The operators did riot yield.!i Every attempt to supply men to work the pumps was met by mobs, by piekets, and all the devices 'that labor organi zations coirimonly use to prevent men from working. . . ", ,, .' . ; ' , " With the cessation of , mining for five ; month and the destruction,; for the time being, of a number of coTMer ies, the public is now suffering : for want of an adequate supply of fuel. Think ' what the result would have been had the efforts of the mine work ers' union to drown out all our collier ies been successful. . :, ,, ; , "Many , good men have found fault with us for not making an agreement with trie ; United Mine Workers ;of America. . You will recall that the de mand made ; upon us. was for a, uni form scale of wages, coverlpg. tlie whole anthracite field. All of the op erators were asked to meet In conven tion witli a view to adopting a uni form scale. The conditions of em ployment are not always the same, and, therefore, ! a uniform scale of wages applicable to the whole Uriited States would not be just. ; t- " "We have made every effort to con vince Mr Mitchell and bis friends of the utter impracticability of his scheme, Our chief objection to v his organization was-that It was a foreign organization, interested in a rival and competitive business. We never could see tlie wisdom , of permitting the bi tuminous coal miners to Inject them selves into the anthracite mining sit uation.' ' It , has proved just as mis chlevlous as we believed it would be. "In addition to the fact that the mi ners', union was controlled by a hos tile interest, we, object to it because we cannot delegate to the iters', un ion, or any otber labor . union, the right y to determine , who shall be our employes. The laws of Pennsylvania and the charter of the Philadelphia & Reading Coal & Iron Co, in express terms, give to the president and direc tors the power of appointing all such officers, agents or employes as they may deem necessary. We have the right to employ any honest man with out discrimination as to religion, na tionality, or membership in labor or tgnnlzatlons. , This Is a right we will not surrender. We do not object to our employes joining ? labor, organiza tions. This is their privilege. But we will not agree to turn- over the management of our business to a labor orgnjsitlon because some of our era ploves belong to It. - "If Mr Mitchell simply represented our own employes, and was acting ex clusively for them, there could be no) objection ' to dealing with him, but he represents an organization having for Its object some Utopian scheme of uni- formity In wages and conditions in the mining of coal all over the United 'States, and, Instead thereof of consid ering only .the questions at issue .be tween our employes and ourselves, ho ids considering a rgeneral proposition wmcn relates to all the coal miners Ir the United States. , - "To limit ih& right of exertion of work Is to limit production. It is not only vb wrong done to the Individual, but It is-a violation of sound economic principles, and therefore an inj urv to socles , The Ultimate effect f rJ ' stnctmg production, so as to die iivuieac ana increase wages must; beto keep on dividing the wage fund as of ten as new men stk 011113 There must be a limit1 to 'anj increase miSes,, due mere can be no limit ot! the Increase of workmen. ; The pro-! cess must inevitably lead: to the d(v. structlon of the Industry, or the reduc tion of the wages of every man to a sum barely suflicient . to : sustain Hi e. i ages can only, increase when each j Individual is, left free to exeit himself J to his fullest capacity, thereby cre.it-. ing wealUi, .which in turn gives new. employment creates demand for com-1 modlties and demand for woraen u ; produce them. .Only iri this way can ' the wage fund be increased. ; . "If we are . over-anxious 2out the effect of the mere, possibilities of mon opoly, what must be the ' measure of anxiety as to placing the control of the fuel of the country in one organiza tion; and : that t too, nu t orgauizalion t without capital 6r responsibility? "We are not left to conjectures. The facts are before us. : The United Mlnf? Workers have created a monster mon opoly. 3 They did sjiut up the anthra cite mines for more than five months. They taxed the bituminous miners and all laborers over whom organized la bor had control, ' to support the 'strike. The 'owners of . ; bituminous - mines, some In self-defense, others In the hope of gain, contributed to the strike fund. With what result? . The price of both anthracite and bituminous. coal mom than doubled. The supply -was inad equate. The ptfbllc was suffering, not only from a high ; piicenfey from a scarcity of coal.' ' , Industrial" opera tions .closed: down, and ; men were thrown out of employment ; All over the land, except in the districts that could be supplied by the great acthra cite coal companies, fne poor, the hon estworkma and the well to do suf ferel for want of fuel. ' ' ' .' 'Tlie records show that an honest effort was made to convince the TT n It-, ed Mine Workers that: their demand were' unjust. ' Who now will sny, in. the light of the "teWmony, that the de mands for an" uniform rate 'of wages extending all; over ; the anthracite re gions was reasonable? , The difference in conditions ( between the anthracite operations and the bituminous oxida tions were "clearly pointed out to thesu labor leaders. . v"We T met them, as they ' requested, before the National Civic Federation and discussed the whole situation. At the suggestion of the. Civic Federation a committee of our employes and op erators was appointed to further con sider the subject and report to a meet ing of the federation, to be called by its chairman. Mr Baer then rea! the letter frcnr President (Mitchell Suggesting that the questions at issue be submitted to a committee of five of the Industrial bu reau of the national civic f ederatkm. With regard to this Mr Baer said: "Human ingenuity could .not devise a proposition oriore unfair. It proposed, an arbitration board "to be selected by the industrial' branch of the nationn I civic federation. The industrial branch of that federation is composed of th leading labor leaders f. the K United States. There i9 not a single repretseu tatlve of the anthracite mine owners on it. The same individual branch had utterly failed in the conferences we al ready ad with it." ' , Mr Baer gave-a comprehensive ac count of the dlfiicnlties'and expense en tailed in the production of anthracite; coal. Concerning the wages- he ex pressed the belief that the evidence on the wage question justifies the position of the operators.- He said further: "1. The tetslmony clearly shows that the wages now paid fare fair' wages; that they compare most favorably with the general wages of the country, and that men willing to work honestly and exert themselves,: do earn annually sums In excess of the average. ! , "2. The fact that there is an excess of labor in the anthracite regions con firms our theory that the wages are al ready high as' compared with the gen eral wage scale of the country, because everyone knows that labor is attract ed to the place where wages are high est '''-''''.:v'-:;:y ':'". ;- '..', "3. If the wages are again advanced -then instead of diminishing the exist ing excess of workmen, it will be in creased by new workmen -coming to this field. Something has been said, about the operators importing foreign ers, I never heard of it before; these foreigners come here because of the reixirts made by the men already here of the improved conditions, and they will continue to come so long as suc h exceptonal advantages are Offered. The demand for an eight-hour day is only another form of increasing the cost of productlon. It must be apjxir-. ent to everyone that restricting breaker operations to eight hours per day must necessarily limit the output of the col liery, and to that extent must not only decrease fhe wage fund payable to the miners, but it will decrease the supply to the -puibllc, and tend to increase the price of coal." i, After reviewing the old "sliding scale" wage system, Mr Baer present ed this proposition: "That the rate of wages now, paid shall be tlie minim urn basis for the next three years, thaf from the 1 st of November to the 1st ov April, v 1 S)03, . all employes, other tnan ( contract miners, shall be paid an addi-1 tnal 5 per cent.