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WW dm -v 1 d 45 FA ft i i A GOUP OF FROM pmotocrapms COpybi I EM PEE 'MONKEYS HBi TAe Sacred Animals Which Domineer In Hindoo Cities. Safer to Kill Ten Ja Hues Than One Dei fie a Bull in Benares & i nci.i: aar nil of Benares, the sacred city of In dia, nc clay last winter. As He past ed through one erOWdd streets of tlie tie met I big wliite talking! along .is if the dl-played The hull and the Englishman met in the narrow pathway. Neither would give way. for hnth belonged to an obstinate, assertive race. The bull tried to push past, tad the English' man hit him gently Ofl the nose. "Get out, yOU brute!" he cried In a moment the baaar was in an uproar. Natives who a moment be fore had cringed servilely to the "Sahib" now crowded around Mm, pelt ed him with dirt and stones called him all manner of vile names and threaten ed to kill him. He was an infidel dog. who had -truck the sacred bull, and death by torture was 10 good for him. He would bring curse upon the city, the famine and the plague would come, and their wive- would be childless. So the talk ran excitedly frnin mnn to man. as the tumult crew and the angry mob increased to thou sands. Rut for the opportune arrival of a police patrol of stalwart Such, who are ever on the watch for such incidents, the Englishman would cer tainly have paid with his life for M ignorance of Hindoo superstitions. Such riots are common in India during the winter tourist season, es pecially in Beitlres, which is the most fanatical city in the Fmpire. and pe: Saps in the whole world The "H"i doo Mercs." as it has been called, is the headquarters of Brahminism and the chief center of the animal worship which distinguishes that cult. There are sacred animals all over India, but nowhere else are there so many of them as in Benares; ROWbert else ire they held in so much reverence an ! allowed so great a license. No Anglo-Indian, however great Mi contempt for the natives, would venHiBo trike a sacred bull in Re nares; or even to swear at him in the presence of Hindoos who understood what he was saying. "Any Hindoo," savs a man who knows the city well, "would rather kill ten Christians than one Rrahmin bull; and it would no doubt be safer for a Christian to kill ten natives thai one of these brutes, provided he es caped the Rritish authorities." Natural'v the-e bulls, enjoying Such perfect immttnity from punishment, become insolent tVftntS They are the monarch of tfi they survey, and every native bows down .and pay thcm reverence. The grain deafer. wricf corn they purloin in the haraar. dares not drive them away; he dares not even think evil of them in his heart, for that were a mortal sin, cer tain to bring the vengeance Of the offended gods upon liit.i and his house, The native who is knocked down and trampled upon by the domineering animal is equally patient. He picks himself up from the mire, and is grateful to My Lord the Hull tot not breaking his bones. These sacred animals arc the ordi nary domestic cattle of India, general ly known as the "Zebu." They are found in many parts of Asia, but their native land is believed to be India. In different localities they vary in size, sometime! being found larger than a Jersey bull and sometimes as small as a jonkey, Thej are fine, intelligent animals, and can he trained for many kinds of service. 1 hey can be driven in carriages, or ridden fifteen hours a day at the rate of five or -i m hour. notable feature of the Z a fatty hump at the withers, hump is the tit bit of the anima used for beef, but it is. of never SO used bv the pious II They place the sacred mark of Siva on the animal's body and allow it liberty to roam ah' an the country or the city at will. "The bulls are especially sacred," writes Professor !' ilton, who has itist returned from a ton of India, in I letter to the author of this- article. "They line the sidewalkl of the city, enter sweetmeat and grocery stores. and help themselves to the choicest articles without hindrance. They en- ioy the freedom of every city. If a bullock chooses to lie down in a nar row lane, where he fills the entire pa.-,-, no pious Hindoo will pus that way while the -acred beUSt II faking "The indulgence extended to the Zebu bovinea is wonderful. They enter the most sacred precincts of temples They are so pampered with dainties and luxuries that they are burdened with tit, "With sonic Hindoos the entire bovine species is sacred The Ma haraja of Cashmere has prohibited the 'i-e of hcef in every form in his coun try; even mimed beef at tract of beef 'lave been cm heard in Englishman say h when he transmigrated h would be into a 7ebu holt. This Rrahmin bull Is the most -.acred animal in India, but he has many com petitors. There are more gods in In !ia than there are worshippers. Reast worship seems to be natural to the Hindoo, and is, indeed, one of the foundation -tones of Brahminism The monky, the crocodile, the pea cock, the crane, the ibi, the cobra am! other serpents are among the crea tures which share with the bull the reverence of the people. And Renares is the headquarters of the various ults of Brahmmlsffl which specially I'M nut rminii , il IhIhIIkxI til HI nil Vl xllfW tMlttKHlB ' I uiiuLimiv j nijiij I i nlilllilf luil aUralif Dusky King Khama, a Christian Mem j II ifUllt ill mm mmamtm arch of South Africa. I 9 :-- ' VE V W1 . ..Delimit. CVM'A'm o, any I CRANES Mme. de Ryther Tells How to Make Two Good Cakes ATAMKOF SACKED CKOCODiLES roed, I lia that ned it worship one or other beasts. One of the most arr( Renares is the Doorga Monkev Trmole Wv t th 1 plae-s in Khond. or i the Brah- revereoced. "Anyone who kills, or even tll-treats. a monkey," said an English resident in Benares to the writer, "runs the gravest risk of being torn to pieces by the natives." At the Doorga Khond hundreds of monkeys are kept as pets by the priests. They run about ali over the place just as they please, and are never caged or restrained in any way a natural consequence, most of them are good-tempered, jolly little fel!ow., utterly unlike the savage, stllky brute in an American "zoo." The temple i simply a large paved yard surrounded hy high walls, on which there are a lot of wooden boxes and houses jn which the monkevs live There i- a big tank for the monkeys rom and swim ;n, and a huge re which give them all the exercise they want Visi welcomed, but they are ex- the monkeys from the priewv As soon as they have got inside the monkeys mob them, climbing all over them, snatching the food front their hrnds. and then scampering of to eat in the banyan tree These monkeys and all of their kind - the gra ish-brown, short-tailed, common monkey of Northern India--arc supposed fo.be the descendants o' H trauma n, the monkey-god of South ern Inilia. According to Rrahmin myth, Hunuman aided Rama in the conquest of Ceylon bv building a bridge of rocks from India to that island. His image is to be seen in most Hindoo temples in the form of a man with a b'aek monke I long tail Sacred monkeys scamper along the 'treet and over the housetops in many Indian cities and villages. The ihopkeepert are constantly worried ly tlietr tor? tiiey dare not those of the s keys are oft hermits and retreats. Th of the congr escapades, which sent any more than ed bull. Ther mon the companions of rs in their solitary are the chief part tion at manv tem- NGLAND has many troubli H dealing with the native JL.n4 of South Attica, but they would be much greater if it were not for the help of her stanch ally. King Khama, the chief of the BaOtangwatO tribe. For many year past Khama, though jealously guard ing Ms Independence, ha gloried m his alliance with Queen Victoria and King Edward, and has been ftu TvKrT I v iter of tlie Rritilh ,,llici:ils This steadfast friend of the Rritish is the ablest and most civilized of all the native chiefs of South Africa He is a Christian, and his Christianity is practical -he acts as he preaches. He objects very strongly to the use of intoxicants, and no strong liquor is allowed in bi territory. He even forbids the brewing of the light Kaffir beer, in which South Afri can natives take so much delight. Khama feels so strongly on the sub ject that he once said he "feared the Matchcle leal than brandy." In a dispatch to the Governor of Cape Colony he wrote: "Lo Bcngaltj the chief of the war like Matchcle, who has threatened to wipe out iny people, never gives me a sleepless night, but to Bght against drink i- to fight S gainst demons not against men. 1 dread the while man's drink more than all the assegais the .Matchcle, which only kill men bodies. Drink puts devils mt and de troy- both bodies at forever Its wounds RevCI Khama has compelled hi forsake most of their barbarian habits. When, 'onie years ago, he moved lu ll Shoshong to Palapye, he that all the old and infirm people were tenderly removed from one place to the other a most un frican way of dealing with tlie aged, who, being regarded as simply a nuisance, are Iisuslly left to shift for themselvc1 This be, eople in He sits im ter of his business at poorest n? AKK making is fast becoming' a lost art to the women It ' American cities. They de pend upon the baker and con- CacteS' winch years ago every woman took pride in preparing with her OWfl hands. Here arc directions for making two varieties of cake which arc cheap. eaSJI to prepare and much better than the bought article: Molasses Cake or Old-Fashioned Soft Gingerbread. Heat I egg in a mixing bowl to a stiff froth; add xt Cttpful of butter and the same amount "f lard, which slii udd be w armed until quite suf;. Whip tins up well with the i CU leans nmlasses. and through the Othl r iflgl dust in. a little at a tiltM of allspice, a teaspoo nion, a teaspoonful of r spoonfuls of ginger. Stir these until all are well blended with the other ingredients; then add 'j cupful of sweet milk Dissolve 2 level teaspoonfula of bak ing soda (bicarbonate of soda) in 2 tableapoonfuli of hot it through the mixtu sift in 2 cnpftlll of llniir. Stir the bat ter until it is perfectly smooth, then put a little of it in a patty-pan, and hake it to see if If is stiff enough, be fore baking the entire cake. Different brands of dour require different amounts. If the batter is not nff enough, add I little flour If it i all right, thoroughly grease the in ide of I medium-sited square baking tin, and pour the batter in. Rake the cake in a moderate oven till a broom splint may be thrust into it and come out SEAMEN OF ALL NATIONS Though Much Alike in Some Respects There Are Interesting Difference. BY AN ABLE SEAMAN. l SAILORS are the most cosmopoL itan class of people in the world. Their vocation neces sarily makes them so. The nationality of the flag that flies from a -hip's gafT is seldom the nationality of hei crew. Germans sail cm English! -hips, Hi Hi-h seamen man the Smth; I American uaics , much as do thji natnes. iml there are m ,irr s;,-:m. dinavians than American- on Amen-' can ships. Altogether, sailors are a thoroughly mixed lot, and in the mixing they bej come much alike and entirely unlike, what they originally were Still, thV sailors nl each nation ret on inherent peculiarities that di-tinguish them from Off another. Scandinavians are n.n. .m-v,IIv M una tea- d stir dually rt. by i'v other;; ire the cooleafB a tui th.- least tiu hopeless sail. us of the capital fri took cart- to drink banyan gymnast tors arr pected to buy food pies, where they are fed and protected. The group of monkeys in the pic ture is from a photograph t'ken 'ira. a temple in Jeypore. An fnti c moun tain side was alive with th rffl and the group embraces only the m 11 num ber coming within the field of the camera at close quarters When the guardian i of these simians wishes to assemble In- con gregation, he gives a call which they understand and eagerly respond to. They scamper to the temple from val ley and mountain side, chattering a they come. The service then pro ceeds A goodly supply of "gram" I parched peas) is scattered among the congregation in order to keep it to gether. The monkeys will not listen to the service unless they are paid in this way Attached to some temples in Re nares, there are tanks in which the acred crocodiles are kept In former 'he ith lavs they were fed with children and other human acrifices. but the Rritish Government, though very indu'gent towards native superstitions, will, of course, not allow this. Some An.Tlo Indians' will tell you. however, that ;ch 'acrifices are still made on the face andT slv. Whether this i- true err not. it is crtit that most Hindoos: will not tjfj ,. r- , !e wh'fb has de so tired their wife or their child. or to die In the desert volent monarch rules hi simple, patriarchal WSJ rr a shady tree in the cen pital every dav to transar 1 to judge hi- people ive can come to hin a grievance, and be sure of a prompt and wi'e decision Of all the natives of South Afrits hi- tribe is (he ha'ipiest. the mo't rosperous, and the best governed. He can muster over 17,000 fighting men, of whom about 1.000 arc armed s ith modern rifles. They are poor righting mat' rial, but proved very use ful to the British in the Roer war. as Why the Mcxicrns Call Us Gringos In the Southwest, especially along the Mexican border, Mexicans are vulgarly called "Greasers" bv the American cowboys and rancher'. The Mexicans have retaliated by con temptOOflsIy referring to the Ameri rans as "Gringo," unconscious that they are using a word of American origin first applied to themselves During the Mexican War the armv of Santa n was com poser) mostly of Indian peon who Could neither hoot. drill nor fisdi' To distinguish these irnorant recririM from the trained regulars (be Ameri r.nc ralied them "Greenies," and the Mexicans, wi'h thrir Latin pronunria tion. converted it info first "greenoe " 'hen "grtnpos " Later they apptii I it to those from whom they had first 'cT-d it. thinking it meant something stir in a cupful of sweet milk. Sif 1 2 generous tCaSpOOnful of linking powder through 2 cupfuls of flour, and stir this in a little at I time until the batter is quite smooth Rake in one giynl Sited, or two small, cake tins, or in patty -pans. This cake may be Covered with a soft icing and ornamented Win li-h walnuts, or with pecan nut nilla or lemon may he used as a ling, if preferred, instead of nut? I'.ng Va -kippers in preference In time of danger they the most resourceful ikely to be stricken I ness of a, situation. l atin races are apt to appeal to heat eii when they -hould be shorter ing sail. Scandinavians are more inclined to adapt themselves to new condition' than others. There arc man) rtf them 111 the Argentine Navy, who. but ior their light hair and blue eyes, might be mistaken for natives. There wa-. once a skipper of a Rritish shi, whom e"iyhody. even the owners, believed t , . 1 Scotch man. His h.ur va- ,,,! and h' . beard was sandy, he spoke in broad lowland ; , and he had cuai acquired the meanness in provisioning his -hip JM 'ih.li to Scott t-h sea . Hrs name was Ander-en, but ih.,t IrtppejM to be a name common to Scot affl Scandinavian alike. The Danes end it with "sen" instead of 'Vn." One day somebody asked Captain Andersen w hy he spelled hi name in the Danish way. and it developed then that lie was a D. ne htm-eli The Chinese arc generally regarded a- the poi rest sailors for square rigged, deep-sea ships. A OiinaiOM c u imitate a white man in almost anything; he can even be a- good a - dl nr. But when it comes i, crawl. iul' out on a yardarm in a roaring gale, the Chinaman is not imitative, He is not afraid of bullets or knife LIMERICKS There was 1 fair maid Of Rhode Island Who wore a continuous smile, and This' -mi'e grew apace Till it quite hid her face. Then it altered the map of Rhode Island. 4 There was an old chap of Sag Harbor Who never go to a barber. lit. aalil 'W'h-it'c th, me5 ait-, but he ha la ng ling in mida For all that, fear of the sea d steamship fear om a tarred rope. Chinese have lap elf. They make, nrs, and a- cook' n -ailing -hips are in universal dev.' '. for they are seldom troubled hy seasickness. Of th( colored races, the Cape 'dH landers and the Kanakas the best ailor. They are born aB ten In the olden tune, when w-halc3 did good ' nesS, the main part gH their crews were usually of these HM rhey were e-pecially good iiers, having an agility of " in the the Hebrews, and this i i- their Semitic cousins; ttt is, were the best sailors -S s a Ten Quite thongti He r, nd so alt That he ue sigh "h. love i s torture'" she'' Said her pa. "Totrmyrot! 'Tisn't love that you've e 'Tis a mixture pork, ptiddir Jiff There wa an old party wb "I'm filled with a h arrible If I trip or I slip On the tip of mv lip. Why, what will become of MINNIE MA I'D !d?" ever a Lew danger winch males the ScandtiMd so trustworthy sboard -.' t. The are many -mencan ships hailing M Bath, Me. whose Vipper a-e desce dants of the northeastern tribes, m nearly extinct Somt British sA N 1 Scotiamen especially, are commanded by Indians, and tttl hips are usually hard ; acfeets t discipline The "Northern Lifht r hailing from New BedfOS wn at one ! me command" ! by tho Indian orTicers.