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CAIEO, ILL., SUNDAY MORNING, APRIL 12, 1003
ESTABLISHED IN 1868. VOLUME XXXIX, NO 107. HOLY WEEK IN THE CHURCH THE "WEEK OF AUSTERITIES" Impressive Services In Catholic Church on Holy Thursday, Good Friday, Holy Satur day and Palm Sunday (Contributi il.) Week, t.r tile week In fore has been known by different according ti tin croat mys and various roremonti s that lloly Easter, liaiueH, toi log tiro celebrated ami perfi rmod Tint Greeks ami Latins called Oil fat 'Week, the Holy Week; in it. it t!io some- times the Painful Week, I. c; the Week of Austerities, also the Sor rowful Wfk. St. Chrysostom (?ays: 'We call it the Croat Week; not that II consists of a greater number of ,i,v tleit Die ,i.-ivn nro longer : but on account of the gr-at things which Cod has wrought in it; for on j these days was the tyranny of tiio devil overthrown, death disarmed, i tin and its curse taken awav. heaven opened and mad accessible, and lin n made fellows with the angels." The observance of Holy Week is mentioned by Ireliaeus towards the ' ! 1 . end of tne secoiiil ceniury; niii Fusebhis evidently believed that it dated from the Apostolic times. The chief object of the church in this week Is to celebrate the passion and. death of her Redeemer: and the ceremonies are the most elaborate, impressive, dramatic and sublimely symbolic of all the weeks in the whole year. In cathedral and col legiate churches, where they have a in merous clergy, they are performed wilh a poinp and magnificence truly ir. posing: but even in the smallest parish church, where there Is a local pastor, they are conducted with all the revert'tice and solemnity possible. Palm Sunday. Talm Sunday, the first day of the Holy Week, derives its name from the ceremony of blessing and dis tributing palms, which are borne by the clergy in solemn procession, in commemoration of Christ's triumphal -mr.v-ix Jerusalem; when many of the Jows cut down branches from the trees, and strewed then In the way before Him. The name. Palm Sun day, is ancient; for it is mentioned in the life of Knthymlus. who died in 172. The clergy walk In processU n through the church, ana lmss into the vestibule. Then the cantors re enter, and sing- the hymn: '"Glory. Praise and Honor. At last the sub ccaeon knocks at the door with the thaft of the cross: It opens, and the whole body inarch up the church. In St. Peter's the door is walled t:p with masonry, from which the supports are removed; so that, at. hte stroke of the cross, the whole thing" topples down, and the procession enters through the breach; symboliyiiig Christ opening heaven to the just rlter His resurrection. Then conies the singing" of the Pas sion, from the Gospel of St. Matthew. This is one of the masterpieces Of Gregorian chant; and might almost be described as an oratoria. It con sists of four principal parts: that of the narrator, sung by a barytone; the parts of Pilate, Peter, the maid H'lvants and others being taken by n tenor; the part of Christ by a full round bass; and the "Tnrba." of Jew ish mob, is often rendered with fine effect by a male chorus In three or ft ur-part harmony. Holy Thursday. On Holy Thursday the morning or 1he church, over the passion and death of her Ixird, Is momentarily in teirnoted; for she cannot forget that. Every A 1 jT- ri w .T . '. ... ,- , ln.i. Eternal Vigilance and Riqid Inspection in the Selection of Wheat are two Imoortant Factors in the Milling of Flour. For Over Forty Years We Have Not Instituted It ft her tli, lb ileal Present f ; fciatitud', t;!i" I i val of Corpi R llllie, the liiunth can do fi eater ' justice to the .subject. Hence the mass Is ceU Viral d in white vestments, the altar Is il ckoil with dowers ami ornaments, at the "Gloria in Kcelsis" the organ is played anil t!ie bells are runs; but, from this time till the recurrence of the Gloria, on Holy Saturday, tie- or- Kan is silent; the .lull thud (f the clappers replaces the soum of th bells; and the kiss or peace is omn tul. Two hosts are consecrate .1 Ml t his day; one bcins consumed as usual by the celetirant .; ami tne tner Is carried in solemn procession to the Altar of Repose, during the singing of the "Paine Lingua" (Sing, O My Tongue;) where I remains, sur rounded by lights and (lowers, till 111 ' following morning. Mediaeval writers conned this procession with Christ's journey to the Mornt of Olives. Next, the high altar Is stripped, as Christ was stripped of His garments.' In many churches the ceremony of washing the feet Is perforin. -d. in imitation of Christ, washing the feet of his disciples, when He gave the: new command to love one another. In Rome the Pope washes the feet or thirteen poor priests; while Fran cis Joseph, of Austria, and several other Catholic soverigns, perform n similar ceremony. The Council of To ledo, held in fiPf, refers to this rite as a recognized custom even at that time. Finally, in cathedral churches tin bishop, on this day. blesses the holy oils, for use in conferring the sacra ments of confirmation, holy orders and extreme unction. Good Friday. On Good Friday, tlia climax,,of the church's sorrow and grief at the dca'h of her Iord is readied. Her ministers enter the sanctuary clad in black vest ment, and prostrate themselves at full length on the steps of the altar, while a single linen cloth is spread over it. Then the history of the Passion of our Lord according to St. John is sung; showing bow the Law and the Prophets were verified by the gospel. Then the celebrant rends numerous prayers for all classes of persons; not excluding schismatics, heretics, Jews and Pagans, to show that Chris' died for all. The genuflection is emitted before, the Irni.ver for the Jews, out of detestation for the feigned obeisance with which they mocked Christ their "King." Next, the cross, which has been veiled In black. Is slowly uncovered; the priest and his assistants singing three times: "fiohold the wood of the cross, on which' lu ng the salvation of the world;" and the choir answer ing each time: "Come, let us adore." The uncovered crucifix is then laid on the steps of the altar, and the clergy, pfter having removed their shoes, like Mises before the "burning bush" cud made three genuflections and prostrations, humbly kiss the lifeless image of the Redeemer. It is a sight that often softens the heart of the hardened criminal, to rrt. the entire congregation, men ana women, young and old, rich and poor, sinners and saints, approaching the sanctuary railing, and devoutly kiss- on this day, Christ Holy Kuohniiiit, ani il ifeless legacy of the though, to chow In i lifiil appoint"! the f." Christl to be kept ill f 1 roses;, win n she Daiy Every Week Every SVIorith Every Year THE ACME OF PURITY AND GOODLINESS. Q li ILlr IrU if iky lyjLnj Swerved one iota in Maintaining left of the Image of tin Ir Savior. this e if mi ny the lin er Reproaches, are sung by l two cholns alternately; repeating, each veii.e, the Trisagion (three Holy.) The fust words arc: people, what, have I done to or In what have I offended alter time, "My thee, thee? Answer me. Pieeauso I brought you out ( f the land of KgypL th u bast prepared a cross for thy Savior." PjUestriiiu anil others have set thos words to bcautifu music, which may be heard In many churches on this da). In many churches relics of the true cross are exposed on this day. Coed Friday is the only day of all 1 1 he year that mass is n.it celebrated 1 1 hi oiu-.hcut the world. Instead, tli im i.-' what is called Uic Presa.ni I ified. The i rated the day before, Mass of th host, corne ls brought of Repose in; choir singing. '': K "-oni tne Altar s-olemn procession; the "V xilh'. Regis: "P.ebo'id, the rojal banners fly." The can. lie ars lighted, the host incensed and held aloft for the faithful to adorn, and thin eon rumed by the celebrant. Vespers are said, the altar is again stripped, th'1 door of the empty tabernacle Is thrown wide open, and the service is ended. Holy Saturday. On Hojy Saturday the service lo gins Willi the bh sslng of the new fir' ft nick from n Hint. From this a triple candle is lighted, symbolizing the Trinity and the Light of Christ, it is carried in procession fivni the vestibule of the church to the sanc tuary. The large Paschal candle is also blessed, being a symbol of Christ, the Light or the World; and five grains of incense are fixed In it, in memory or His live wounds, and ol tin spins with which He was anoint ed in the tomb. It is lighted from the tiiple candle. The use of the I'as chal candle dates back at least, to the filth century. The Fxultet, a hvinii of trivniphaiit praise, at tributed by the critic .Martine to St. Atignstin, is sung while blessing the candle. The twelve prophecies are then road, intended originally to instruct the catechumens, wtio were baptized on this day. The baptismal font and Faster water are blessed; some of water being scattered towards the four quarters of the earth to show the catholicity of tile church, and the worldwide efficacy of her sacraments. Returning from the font, the Litany of the Saints is sung, the ministers lying prostrate before the altar, while it is decked with (lowers and orna ments, and the mass Is begun iu white vestments. At the Gloria the organ sounds, the bells ring, the joy ful Alleluias are heard after the Fplstle; ami the great festival of Faster with its triumph of life over death, Is joyfully ushered in. Dogs Give Valuable Service. In tho dog tests recently held at Nanterre, Fiance, the dispatch-hearing competition was won by a Swiss dog and the searching for the wounded prize was awarded to a Gorman dog. Thirty German police dogs have been ordered for St. Petei sb.irg to guard the palaces against assassins. Headache and Cold Feet. rifle., II 1 f,..,.l t!,,.l n rhn.nlr snf- ferer from headache also complains of cold feet. This shows-bad circulation and it should be strengthened. A sim - pie and helpful remedy is to bathe the feet in cold watt r night and morning and rub briskly Turkish towel. with a flesh brush or No Joke. When a man says that he "needs the money to buy the baby shoes," and laughs it is a sure sign that he's single. Married men who have ex p( rioiioed the shoe problem realize that It Is no laughing matter. Detroit Free Press. Tact. Everything moves on hinges, .act is a good lubricator. and mj ,fi ing the mi ill. .1 During; properia, POLITICAL GOSSIP F ROOSEVELT REF'JSES TO REPU DIATE DEMOCRATIC AID IN IMPORTANT LEGISLATION. THE JOHNSON "BOOM" Making Progress in the West Claim to Have Enough to Prevent Nomination of Bryan on Fir-.t Ballot. Special Corn up, ndence to The Pu'.lo tin: i Washington, I). C., April 11. The st.uidpat congressional program cf tin1 Republicans has been brought up with a round turn by the Democratic mem hers of congress under the leadership of lion. John Sharp Williams, and the Republican leaders are now working j ovirtime to do business with ut ib-- ' bate. They nscuso Mr. Williams of filibustering, but. he defined the fili-biiste.- as the man engaged in prevent ing legislation, while, "we." he said, '"are engaged in the business of trying to force legislation." In a speech last week Mr. Williams indicated the Hem oornlic position and showed they wiy.' determined to prevent any lull from passing by unanimous consent and not to alh w any departure from what the rules reipiired, until the Republican leaders would allow some of the legis lation, which he named, and which had been recommended by President Roosevelt to be considered. Republican Gag Rule. The Republican leaders, finding themselves helpless, have been forced to bring in a new special rule to pre vent the Democrats from having their way; and this new rule Is so drastic that even limited debate Is prohibited on le use bills which the senate has amended, which in future will be sent to conference, or the amendments ngrc d to, without any intervening mo tion cf any kind being allowed. So the Senate can tack on any amend ment it -pleases, and the representa tives of the people will have no voice for or against such amendments. This would appear ti be unconstitutional;. Th rule also provides that for the remainder of the session a motion to take a recess shall he privileged, and have precedence over a motion to ad journ; and that the questh n shall be decided without debate or amendment That Is the Ilrst time that the rule that a motion to adjurti is always in order, has been overridden and virtu ally rescinded. A further provision of the order was that, during the re niainder of the session it shall be in 'order to close debate by motion in the lit use In fore going into committee of the whole, which motion shall not be subject to ell lit r amendment or de- n.i.e. . I .... ii i . 1. i. .... 1 -. 'MUCH U1IS lllie nan oeeil lino, mi. Williams Inquired if the minority; .would have the usual twenty minutes to discuss this rule. "They will not," 'curtly replied Mr. Dalzell. "I ju t wanted the house and the country to Know mat lact, repneu air. imams. Roosevelt, the Compromising.' The fact is the Republicans are In a hole, and have Irst. their temper, and will discover later how these rules may come back to plague them. As no Republican protested against, this drastic rule, none of them can protest when their own turn comes and the autocratic, leaders give them a dose of their own medicine. On Mon day, the contestants having iu the meantime ( led olT somewhat, and the prodding of the Democrats having M'p.i.,.it mty ii .own - ''?Wr - i en ftnii "'V'"' i' :--" ROM 1 1 1 had its e ffect, the employed!)' liability I. ill was passed under suspension of the rules. That measure was tne of the bllki that the IVinocrats havt ..." ill forcing the Republicans to coic'd-M , so the Deiuociatic filibuster, as th 1 Ri public mis call it, is having its goo ', effect. The President, It is said, has already Km atenei! to veto the public buildings bill unless c tigress agrees to increase the number of battleships. The New York World is authority for the statement that many Republican congressmen have called on the pies blent and besought him to issue a statement repudiating the proffered assistance of the Democrats to pass some of the legislation lie has recom mended, "but be has declined abso lutely t do so." His friends say he still hopes that enough Republicans will break nway from Cannon to en able the Democrats to put through those sections of his message for vhich thev are fighting. It has long bi en considered that the lower nous of congress has net been a delibera tive b dy; but new, under this new rule, the Republicans, for partisan purposes, have reduced it to v lower level than any of the popular assem blies of Europe, not excepting the Duma of Russia. Ths Johnson Movement. The friends of Governor Johnson are pushing his candidacy in the west era states from h adipiaiiers establish ed at the Grand Pacific 11 teMf (,'hl cajo Iu charge of F. H. Lytfggitf!pa-i. mere of the Minnesota Iv, Vti-' committee. Those frieiidljr t$ Jiidge Gray of Delaware are performins a similar cervice In the snith' and east from headipiarters at !C and Four ("(nth streets, in Washington which are presided over by It. J. Beamish of Philadelphia. The friends, cfjudg'1 Harmon of Ohl are also nettxt In his support and declare they will ;iceure, at least, part of the delegation from that state, and are promised support fiom Kentucky, Michigan, and other states of the central west. Already more than enough delegates arc assured, they declare, to prevent the necessary two-thirds vote, and that no nimlnalion will be made without a free and full ci nsultatlon with dele gates from tho necessary doubtful states. It Is well to remember tic facts that the Democratic paity must face at the election, and then consider who can best lead the Democracy to 'overcome them. i There are in the Electoral College 4s:: votes, Including these of Okla homa. Of these only PiCi are counted as certain for the Democratic candi date,' while it taken 213 to ekect ; no flint the Democrats must gain 7(! elec toral votes or lose. Who can get thos? 7(5 Indispensable votes? That is the practical question. Republican Factions, The fight within the Republican party for supremacy Is becoming more bitter as the time' for the national convent!; n draws nearer. In Ohio there is a revolt against, the state tick et, which will certainly defeat, it, un less the objectionable candidates of the TaftCox faction are withdrawn and other candidates who re not under the control of Ross, Cox nominated in tlnir stead. Congressman Ansberry says there has been a great reversal in public sentiment since the Repub lican state convention, and that "th" Republicans f Ohio believe they have been betrayed into the hands of the Cox Rrown machine" through the efforts of the Taft manager to secure ,iriegates at anv cost for Secretary Taft. In other states the Taft ma chine is riding rough shod over those opjioscd to his nomination, which rnav lead, in many states, to a revulsion ir, public feeling such as Ohio exhibits. As the party in power has public patronage and plunder at Its command to smooth over rough places, it is probable that, tht leaders who are planning revolt will be quieted with promises ( f patronage and place, but (Concluded on Eighth Page.) the High Quality of Sylph Flour. L RECORD BREAKING BABYCROP FOR FATHER KNICKERBOCKER Stork Brought 32,655 Youngsters This Year Novel Punishment For Bigamy-Anti-Vivisection Excitement New York, April IL Father Knick i rboclo'i', if recent figures count for anything, has undoubtedly won the l!o Hi'velt antl suiclde medal. Since the first of the year the bihy crop, undisturbed by panics, has as .unied proportions never before achieved not i nly by New York, but by any other city in the world. The stork has been an extremely busy , bird lurealiouts since no less tluin n2,C,"5 babies have conn- to Increase the population of the city during tho first three months of the year. This Is the blggeat number on record for any three months in the history of the city, and greater by ,"!."r;i than the same period In Phi". I Used on t'le standard Father rn:ckorboel or may expect about -! IW,000 babies during the present year, and a.s the Increase of the olty.s population depends on local births for only a small percent age of Hie Increase of lis population, ii" compared to Immigrants It seems probable that New York may short y be the most populous city In the world. N'ot only is tlio birth rate tile highest in the history of the city, but the death rat liie lowest. The rvorage In this regard so far this year shows less than eighteen and one half deaths out of e-u h one.thou siind population. A FurprlsiiiK fea ture in this connection Is found In the decrease of marriages. Whether because of the hard times or the new registration law Is not ' known, but records for the first quarter of I!iu7 show only ft, 5.17 marriages ddr ino the quarter a.s against 11,750 dur ing the same period last year. As a lesult it appears that while Cupid iiixl the undertakers are less busy. tin- stork Is bfsler than ever before. Anti-Vivisection. New York has been for the past i few weeks ill the throes of an autl vlvlseetlon campaign. Tho agitation Is 'raid to have begun in the rivalry of (. ..t 1 .. I t.. 'I.. 11... two oppolio; Humane Miwi'iii-n ill iiit- clty, was taken up by an ' Influential newspaper and finally spread to such an extent among people who were shocked by the stories of wanton cruelties in the experiments upon living animals, industriously spread about bv the agitators, that bills to regulate and restrlrt such experi ments were introduced in the state hgislature. Now the physicians of the city have become aroused and have shown that these stories of atrocities are false and the Hoard of alth of the ily has passed resolu tions declaring that all the advances in preventative medicine for the past twenty years which have re duced the death rate In New. York nearly one-third, saving the lives of more than P.il.nni) persons n- -year. have been based to a great extent upon experiments performed on liv ing animals. Health Commissioner Darlington has brougnt forward sta tisties to show that deaths from diphtheria in the city have beeu re- I'rced to one fifth what they formerly were as a result of tTie animal experi ments that led to Hie serum treat ment and has asked the antl-vlvisec tionists how many dogs they ronsid ered to be worth one human being thus saved from death. Thus re duced to absurdity the movement to save street digs and guinea pics nt the expense of human beings seems likelv to colianse n:o? the bills to which It gave rise pioiiahly will ! Ctllowed to slumber quietly in their jigeon holes at Albany. Punishment For Biqamist. Could the wisdom of one New York judge b! followed compared t which, by the way, the wisdom cf Solomon fadi s into .obscurity the evil of bigamy would soon be ell'ii! rated. A justice c the general se; Flons ban . just made a ruling in n eae of this kind fatet lated to id.nl fl terror to the hearts of all men who find that one wife is Insufficient, in spite if the country's laws to the contrary. Instead of sentencing to a trim Iu Jail a man who nopeared be . fore him admitting that he had two wives, both living, tims freeing Fie husband from the martial oblleatibns which he had assumed, the learned judge continued these bonds with ai ded punishment. His decision, which may mark a new departure li cases of this kind, sentenced the hus band to support both wives and to pay to each of tt'T-i a stipulated sum each week f r supiioit. Further than f ' the blfnmtst was paroled I" - 'large of his two mothers In law, according to whose reports hU sen ti nee was to be commuted. The hus band moreover will be railed upon to give a surety bond that he wi I ccntlnro his double lire under th"i re strictions imposed. ' In this epochal decision mauy wives and legal lights ir. New York see a promise of an early termination of the crime 1 1 bigamy. The Victim of Drink Needs Orrlne Treatment. Drink first flestroys cnib'.tl n; breaks up ties of friendship; It kills mid buries love ami eventnaly de stroys the family life. Some of the best men In the world have been victims of drink and! if there Is not some member In your family thr.t Is afflicted with this dis ease , you are indeed rortunaxe. Drink cunningly destroys the will power, and whll tho drutiKar.t wants to do what you tell htm. he wants a thmiHcnd tiroes more the drink that he craves. Drunkenness Is no longer consid ered a crime; eminent scientists and physicians have Agreed that It Is a. Urease, and mrst be treated nR such. The home treatment that has been i.scil f ir n number of years, and la h'ghly suceessniul. is Orrine. It ! sold under a positive guarantee that If it does not effect a cure your money will be refunded. Orrine is in two forms. When d rlrlng to give secretly, purchase Or rine No. 1, and If the patient will vol untarily take tho treatment Orrine No. 2 should be given. The guarantee is the same (neither case. Orrine (osts but $1 per box. Mailed in plain sealed wrapper on receipt of pric. Write for free treatise on "Drunken ness," mailed in sealed envelope by The Orrine Co., Washington, D. C, and In this city by Paul G. Schuh & Sens. On Uncle Sm' Py Roll. Tho various states and other posses sions of the government employ S!S, 947 persons In the civil service In the District of Columbia, to whom the an nual payment In salaries aggregate $.!I.G4l,225.