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EXCI.USIV E1- SE R VICE O F T HE' AO SO CI AT ED PRE O O:
THE CAIRO BULLETIN OFFICIAL NEWSPAPER OF OFFICIAL NEWSPAPER OF ALEXANDER COUNTY HE CITY OF CAIRO VOLUME XLI. No. 13. CAIRO.. ILLINOIS SATURDAY MORNING, .JANUARY 2, 1909. ESTABLISHED IN 1868. RELIEF WORK IN EA HAMPERED BY NEW SHOCKS RTHQUAKE ZONE LEVELLED RUINED WALLS TO THE GROUND AND ADDED TO HORROR OF THE SITUATION New Years Day in Italy Devoid of Usual Festivities-Church Bells Tolled RELIEF FUND BEING RAISED IN U. S. CLIMBING STEADILY Roosevelt and Nation s Leaders Will Confer To day on Best Course to Pursue-May Send Message to Congress-Paris Newspa per Correspondent Tells Vivid Story of Present Conditions Rome, Jan. 1. Relief plans at Me' atfifftioual ulna ami olhor points are helns cm;- Messina. ducted more systematically. Differ ent regions on the roast have heen al lotted lo various warships and other ships as centers from which torpedo boats and launches convey and dis tribute rations and water to the differ ent villages. The minister of justice has wired from Messina to Premier Oollit ti that large bodies of troops have arrived and are now occupying all parts of the town. Persons are being dragged from the ruins all day long and quickly transported to the relief ships 8 ssoon as their wounds have received atentlon. k There were slight shocks felt In th earthquake 'yone toda' completing the ruin of g rumbling buildings. l.ai-! iteaniers in the Straits bt TOURIST AGENCY HAS NEWS. tendon, Jan. 1. Cook's Tourist j Agency learns from Naples that it Is almost certain that no English or Ant erlcun tourists were Injured through the destruction of the Hotel Trinac rla at .Messina, and It is believed thtt no English or American tourists were staying at the Hotel Hellevue, which also Was destroyed at that place. As far as possible, quicklime ha been used on the dead; many bodlc; have been burned and others buried In the relief work the officers and men of the foreign warships have been untiring, and their courage Is b yond words. The crew of the British cruiser Drake gave up everything they VIVID STORY. est investigatloi'son both sides of the possessed for the benefit of tlralls niiiko It port aln that munv ' rot firi.l tir:id Icn 1 ! v fnt-oot more (ban half the population of the sleep for more than 3', hour coast towns nit? (lea. iiievonoti 10 iitiiy Estimates 200.000 Killed. Professor Ricco, director of the ob servatory at Mount Aetna, estimates that the victims of the earthquake ex ceed 200,000 persons. Great relief was felt here when the announcement was made that the Llpari Islands, which were reported to have disappeared with their pop'; latlon of 28,(m(, suffered little or no damage from the earthquake. Queen Won't Leave Scene. Public opinion is seriously eon- cerne.l with regard to the safely of the refti rest, an I In their Told Bv Correspondent at Messina to Paria Matin. Paris, Jan. 1. The correspondent of the Matin, who has just arrived lit Messina after an adventurous Jour ney on foot througn the wasted Calabria region. st-Miis a vivid story of the scenes of devastation. "My nerves will never recover from the atroclovs Impressions to which they were subjected, " he raid. "mi. mv eves mill retain Inn a nu the kin? and queen and the possible ,m.v n,nmn 0)Pn the vti,on p( (((ath danger from the tottering walls. The ',, ,evastation which oppress - king frequently has tried to persuaue t),,,,. a mournful silence covers the the queen to nut or return to Rom but she always refuses, declaring that It would break her heart to ahamltn ber husband in his labor for the country in its anguh-h. Sorry New Year's Day. New lears day In Italy is usually an occasion of festivities and rcjoicin as widespread as ou Christmas. Hut those ceremonies and the festal spirit were wanting today. Instead of rejoicing. Rome Is filled with lamen tatlons. Msgs wave at half roast and bells of thousands churches ring not for the Te Detim. hot toll sad fcnol', for requiem niW'. Kinj Won? rfulty Active. King Victor Emmanuel bag be-n In Matlgable. lie has shown wonderful activity and endurance, and leaving no point in Messina unvisited. H has uerris"d the entire work in th fallen city and the presence c.f hi. majesty bas infused new courage an. energy into the rescuers and survivors hungry and wounded as they are. A large number of soldiers hava I"tb landed from the rariotw steam era arriving at Messina and other s'rickeu places, and all efforts are be ing dircted toward embarking the wound! rcfageew who are crowding all available places. Rome of these will he snt as far as Genoa. Refugees Reach Naples. Vesjwin loaded with r fnrs rot.-tinn- to stream into Naples and TaW wo, and ea'h day sees the arrival of town and surrornding country was in ruins. They' were open like pome granates In sections. In one I sa-.v j tumbled beds anil disordered dining rooms. Seated on a broken wall was a. man , selling bread at exorbitant prices, fi'uong a chorus of curses and maledictions. Another, demenied, was trying to dig into the ruins with nu fingers. How many dead? .one thousand, ''two thousand who knows? Tunnel Became Impassable. "The tunnel beyond Bagnara was Impassable. An enormous porilou of the mountain hail fallen and totally obstructed the road. We were fcrc;d to walk in sand, and often up to our knees In water.. Beyond the tunnel tho truck was torn r.nd the rat's twisted. Huge rocks and danfiorrub nnif sos of earth came crumb' in dowi. momentarily. We decided t) clinil. the mountain ami advance across the ravines of brushwood. Rain Came iDowin Deluge.. "Night fell; the rain was comuig down in a deluge. At 11 o'clock we reached Favazzina, a hamlet of three hurdred Inhabitants. Only seven persons remained. They were shiver ing under the shelter of a couple of sheets stretched across two olive trees.- They asked us pitifully for bread, but we ourselves had net eaten since the start, and we knew not, what to answer; s owe left them hcj eloss. Rest Was Impossible. "Alter ' eleven . hours traveling we had covered only ,"t kilometres. Ou.- clothes were soaked and the torch s burned out. At Syclla we decided to rest, but rest was impossible. The whole countryside, -except to the north, was . completely blotted out. Walls were standing but int rlors I 1 I: MAY SEriQ MESSAGE TO CONGRESS RECOMMENDING ACTION LOOKING TO RELIEF OF STRICKEN ITALIANS. nun ii GOMEZ AID ZAVAS AM A G III IDE WJLOERNESS VACATING GOVERNOR OF CUBA I DISCUSSED IN CLOSING SESSION HOLDS RECEPTION IN PAL ACE AT HAVANA. WiLL CALL IN LEADERS H'CHLY COMPLIMENTED CONDUCT OF GENERALS CABINET CAME FIRST For Conference Today Had Planned to Take Vacation But Has Can celled Engagementsand Will Remain at Office. Washington, Jan. 1. Instead of tail ing a day's vacation tomorrow as had been planned originally, . President Roosevelt will remain at his office to consider how the nation may show in a substantial way It sympathy with the Italian people in their great hour of need and distress. As an outcome of the day the presi dent hopes to bo able to formulate a message to congress 'to be laid befotv that body when it convene Monday recommending specific action or. the part of this nation. , Will Call in Leaders. The president has ' asked Senator Hale, acting Chairman of the commit-1 tee on appropriations and chairman of the committee of naval affairs, to For His Work In Cuba By Dean -Diplomatic Corps Inauguration ; of President and Viee Presi-5, dent January 28. .' . Havana. Jan. 1. The inaugural step toward the,, re-establlshnient of . tho Cuban republic was marked ' with- a New Year's reception at the palace today, when Governor Magoon, who for more than two years has been the supreme ruler of the Island, varloin other officials and many prominent citizens were presented to President elect Gomez, and Vice President-elect Zayas. The palace was beautifully decor ated and Cuban military ba:ids were playing in the court yard during the reeetplon. Magoon received In tho grand salon. . Ho was attended by his aides In full unlfortn with Goinez. Zayas and form er .American consul Frank Stclnhart. OF AMERICAN HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. D scursed by Confederate and Federal Officers Major Swift Declares Lee Was Only General of Napoleonic Type. i - . They'ie Hurrying Through to Help Karthquako 'Sufferers. i i me dow II com. try like a funeral pail. Trip Through Tunnetl. "Two or three railroad firemen, cut off from home while at duty, by th." catastrophe, were returning to seek news of the fate of their fami lies. They preceded me, brandishing rei Inous smoky torches. We marched in Indian file through the tunnel firm Palml to Vagnara. holding hands and stumbling over ballast heaps. The roof of the tunnel was crccked everywhere and now and then rocks fell. Whole families were encamped around wood fires and sticking tnnhes. Many of then were wounded. Men and women and ch'Idnn. sttified by the catastrophe and crouching 'among the sions looked at rs with a vacant stare. if Ibeir thoughts were wandering. Ate Sea Brds. "Pome distance along ram- i ir n nai n rum 1 nv ine imnrs.i and cast Un- the twarh. In r-plr to questions as to what bad ha nened at Messina and Reggio, they made rague and desolate gestures snd continued to gale at us like stalled oxen. After t"o hours' march we saw Bagnara erched on the spur of i mountain over-haiiEina: the s. Bagnara In Ruins. "The cenntry house of the mayor. ot the n'lmmlt of the rork. was ha'f rnmt.le.1 fnt the sea. but the mayor safe. 1 1" was giving orders for tb installation of a tek-erai-h wire ;n freight car. Every house la the had ctdlapsed. carrying leaping occupants. 'Cannitcllo presentd a t"rrifying sight. Almost at the hame monient as it was overthrown bv the eatth- pu ke it was swept by the Bra. It Is I 1 mere. Country a Charnel House. J "The country is but a eharni-l hoiise. w hence a horrihie Ktnch I arises. All houses are hesKd into one pile of ruins under which thei lesii and wounded lie. I axked a j fisherman the number of dead and ' saved. 'The survivors perhaps five. ; or seven; dead perhaps to, the lit- ml. three thoesand who liscuss the matter with him tumor row. For similar imriHises the nresl jdent will Inxiic the members cf hi i ratin t. The views of several leaders of the house probably will be ascer- wbo tb ffi -1 ; I advisor of tit I rim; the whole period of tallied duriun the day by the pr-l-dent. The questions of (he diversion of the supplies designed for the f1-'t or Its arrival in the Mediterranean of the direct appropriation to b sought at the relief Italy, of 1 "fi rn r. i lnt neiiili.n, kU'kiIiic t IiIh right. jSpiiulfh mln'ster. It. Cuytitn DeAyala, .dean of the diplomatic corps, congra' uTatiil MagiMin on the success of t h pro ii-ionat government, which wai j about to end. He said : I "Tho exactness in keeping the Sea, I ,:,,. .,t i,..ui.i..ni . i. ... 1 1..... j -' ,.-' n g . r. , I- 11 , - I I.I Roosevelt in tx-half of the intervening nation to restore Cuba to the exercise the hands of congress for i.-i pii 1 1 lllll'l . - u Willi latwt . li.ir ... n t I ............ . . . a. t,i.r.-. l.n.--ljl u. n ... ,.. ,... ti i" III". .. 1 11.: Ilip.ll relief will m - roiisbb red in a'ii.j ,. ....... 'neir pnasi s a the emferetice ut the knows? he answered. White Houho tomorrow. "The once prot.erous Pan Giovanni Now all ytm f-llows get In line as another awful sight. The tidal practice writing lr'; wave smashed the Jettien. overturned the 81 Moles and swept the entire C-Pfft'SBe fnrr tlimiaan.l tntffnt . r-A Vuitti,lh lh ...I. . Ti.. . .. -. . . 1 iil-fllli ,ll- imil-.. ll- PUT lllllll her- and there are hn l.li. ! together sta'Ting. with tio Immediate prnsfKft of receiving food Reqgio Wined Out. ' Fifteen kilometers further n tered the town of Retein fterpr-a I brfore me where the town had str.i wa an oen of min. Nothing wa were dead; all bad t-e-ti rilled ' Pa i aces, .burthen. Ib aires a'.: r.ank no kng--r xist A rar i . . . " ' ' ' I'l'P. I l"'lal I'l liTIli:!.!! rft- f the f.r-tfr f t'. Iaf Th grrfd pr..!u ti-.n In o: to the body hng on a .'.orr I ' r?--". ,n" I Jamb cf the car. Manr Bct killed by ' - 'n- -miwt iw f-oin. wintir. j.mrfrWi'l 51.7:0 '53 fcne otinr-. a onrrr.s fmrtl EHE GOLD OUTPUT Aw unfed to $42;.0O0,0O0 n 1908 Handsome Increase S'lver Production Decr-eated. Wh-Mtikifin. Ju 1 Tt t'it gr. output In ir w '" scain.t $ Itn ihi stand'ng loe at han4. acaJnt whit h i a girl cf 12 bad tcn buried Th" girl's bead was cut off and fiiat'-d w oi H i as ir:7. In 1 1. s I Mi.. I te by the floods from the "Onc tea'itif!jl. btT thoi'-ith fare are now rompbM'lv ottrtMt-d by fnormmt" heaps of hy,r n ins I a Miiiifh st th frti.tn arieta'td SI T:; i!ix-rm of 4 the .reii'nts yr. A'aia. I'alifemia C'ralo and Suth Pak ti fhoe. inere. renehing attee-th'-r oie. ta "'" , tCcarlslel en fiF.h ra ) E-xtstribe lor Tta Bilittin. moral significance bich r-onferred iiMin you this difficult and high tnU Isioti. and fills wiih'joy the hearts of SI' I il,e fiitian rv,i.1. "ur slnei-te and best. wihhe Be company cu. wh'i'er jonf ov'rn ni-nt fin. Is an ad-q'iate to utilise yuur pert eea." The cotemer xpr''d his thanka. .-aying. after a r-fcretic to the nie e hfiil e!e i..tm. '"The n' H-lmirii-lraiion. th-refr . aitiinif-n office ni-H. t-, t.y the run M'Tti-e ff the eonn'ry and the fran f Ne t-f the J-ftple. 'The rofj.nn tela!, industrial slid st rk'Ultural lnia'inn is ex-U.nt. Ijiw and ord'-r. -re and tranquility and M .-l.rity ,e not cn'.y been estab iih-.l. Tut have prevaib-d for a suffi cjent po't""' f j'is-ify that lielief that sifh cfBditions I!! c";tinue and ar' a prmanet:t in Cuba as in any othet 1 1 cntrr. I Prejiaratinri for the turning n r t , 'b mr,lnT of the rnn rrti;'-nt to ) incfinitn ri!-n are praetraily j.--ipVto Nr,t the least I'ist-irbaTC' id fee -rtr rtite'-fital tnnettoris will at -e I 1 1" trant-f'-r cf a?i'hri"r lTime.1; t. ir ri (;ini't taking the in.'iitcirai s'b Janiary Z Richmond, Va., Jan. 1. A discuss ion of the campaign of the wilderness in the civil war by able officers of both armies marked the close cf tho meeting of the American Historical Association. Gen. Alexander on Grant. General Kdward P. Alexander of th - Confederate army, discussed "GranC-i conduct of the wilderness, campaign," saying In part: General Alexander referred to Grant's aggressive campaign aeainst U'c, Commenting t pon the division of Grati'l army, a part of which, the army of the Potomac, was under Mea.le and a part, the Ninth corps, was under Ilurnslde, he declared that there are few axioms of war better established than those which con demn divided . commands and In this case, ho added, Giant's experience gave additional evidence of the lack of wisdom of such an arrangumenr. Had It not been for delay caused by i he tikwardncss of havlngMo look af ter such a dividend command General Alexander believed that Grant would have gone beyond the Acids both of the Wilderness and Siottsylvanla Into ib- open' mintry.' -Ilad'ttrant 'd'rtie this, he declared, there would have been no battles of the Wilderness rii . Rpottsyivanln, but probably a battle on a line behind the North Anna. "It. was Lee's policy," he said, "to llnht his battles under cover of tho wilderness and he practically won a victory by bringing Ixingstreet lut.i the action Just in tho nick of time, and perhaps we must say that. Grant lost it by his faulty organization of having two separate armies under In dependent commanders operating In j the same field. It is a little surprising to llnd that (rant, having the Initiative, and the greater force of artillery, did not not make a greater effort to get himself clear of the wilderness before he en countered lice's army. Kvldently. however, he considered himself abund antly able lo meet Iee on any ground, finding If til in the wilderness, he it once took the aggressive w th sucn lgor that had be had sufficient lnv- light he would have made ! regret his mistake In locating his support Ing Infantry under Ixmgstreet behind his left flank instead of behind his right, for he fully expec-tcd Grant's attack upon bis right; as it actually occurred. The Wilderness country was very fertile In frlcks and surpris es, as it had. alreadv shown Itself. It was now about to repeal upon each of the combatant some of its famous tricks of the year before." Colonel William II. I.ivennore. of the federal arinv. spoke on loco's con luct of i lie same campaign. Major Swift on Lee. The discussion as closed by Major Kben Swift of the general staff of the I 'nil ".I States uriiiv. 'The artillery of IMil was so uncer tain," said Major Swlfi, 'that I will not venture to describe its effective ness. At the present day a battery of J four guns firing shrapnel can aeeur j ately place n,oon bullets on a te;i ! sire ot, two miles away, in two min utcs. Ily the method of indirect fire a single cd-xerver can direct the fire of artillery which Is sheltered behind hill In such a way 'hat It can tr over tit,, hill and hit iu targ' t just accurately as if it were tiring in the '"p'"U. In the Wilderness campaign 'he smje of mwdf,r gave infot ma' iUi ef the !ni(itin f the army, obf-rife-i 'h view and made the aim unc-ruin Ptit with smokeless H.w lr It i e r-,f,!TEly diffieti't to bxat- h" fir Ina lines, but aiming is ca f"i hut! d.es. "The Wilderness Campa'gn called f 'i a braver soldier than ever; fought in war. Paue ca'ie.l fnr tb.ti'Dic.s: limit r-f physical and mora! frcrt, bn; the refill's were often ncraMve end partial. Since th ranpalgn. Increas In the destructive hit of weapons has acted to b-ncthn the ranee ?t which battles tr:;n. Tiirr end wher they always did " Lee and Napoleon. ' ,cc was the only general of Nsio brmlc type who eer lfve.." declared Valor fiwift. 'and wh-'ber crrater er HE ANNUAL YEAR SOCIAL FUNCTION THIS SURPASSED ANY EVER HELD BEFORE. And Were Entertained by (Pres'dcnt ?nd Wife and two' Daughters Secret Service Men Hovered in Reception Hall. " Washington, Jan. 1. In accordance with time-honored tradition Presi dent Roosevelt held the customary New Tear's reception at the Wh 1 1 House today. Under the present ad ministration these receptions have al ways been unusually brilliant, and to day's event, perhaaps because It wat President Roosevelt's last function of that kin I. surpassed iu brilliancy and huge attendance even that of t t year, which held the record i: both respects. The grounds surrounding (be White House had been put in per feet condition during the past le-.-ilayr and the White House, espcclal'y the rooms to be used at the recep tion had been decorated wljh i n precedents! magnificence, PKmta and flowers from the green hot'',3 had becji grouped in t'.io d'ffjie" t halls, rooms and corridois with ov nttlslto taste, to form an art is' I ; background for tlie RTgertit tin". forms and court dresses of the diplo mats and attending representative of tho army and navy. Within certain restrictions the re ceptions at the White House on New Year's day are free to all and every year, thousands avail themselves of this-ttmiortunlfr to liayHheii" lroTt to tho president and, Incidentally, to gratify their curiosity, ipiit. never had been greater the number t f thoso craving; admission to ' tho Whits Hoese than today. The lima In ft grounds began' to form before 9 o'thrk, while the beginning of the reception had been act,' aa usual, for II c'clock. Itefore the opening of the pub'ic reception President and Mrs. Roose velt, assisted by Mrs. Nicholas Lruv wtrth anil 'Miss Kothol Roos"vrlt, who made her social debut cnlv a few days ago. received the members of the cabinet Bnd their ladles. The president, aTin-d lit tho regulation black frock suft, witii turndown cel lar and a dark tie. seemed to le In cxo Ilent humor and chatted gaily with the members of bis official fam ily, while Mrs. Roosevelt, In a hand some - reception gown, made the hciu iirs of the occasion to th wlva and daught'-rs of the cabinet mlui-i-ter! . Vice president Fairba'.(s an : Mrs. Fairbanks headed tho cabinet party and were followed In order bv Secretary and Mrs. Root an I th othtr members of the cabinet and their ladles. A few minutes before 11 o'clock a trumpet fanfare heralded the begin nine of the reception. The Marin band, hidden In the corridor, lehl vl a M-reen "f ferns and palms, struck up an inspiring march and the re ceiving partv. headed by President anil Mm, Roosevelt descended stairs from the upper floor, cress" I the corridor and entered the n nt arler, where the reccptirn was tT h held. President and Mrs. Rosevet nek their iMsitloo near t;ie .lor lea-ling fit m the Rd rom to the Hiue pur ler and the oth memrwrs of the re(-iving party, in or.ler cf trlr official rank. arrange.! thernselve.i alongside, fotniing a setul circle it the south end of the room. Around, the doorway thnwtcn which the v s- . itorr. were to enter secret service mc li hovered, w ho kept their ews npon trie t'l''S as tney pasrt th'-ittth the door NohoHy was cr m.lle.1 tn carry a handkerrht f t r meffnT In bis hand an-l tribady ws l indtte. to pass along the line w :Ci hands in his pok-t. SENSATIONAL EVIDENCE Irticduced to GtaX'Cr Teal Ho Chelsea Bank Made Loans Greater Than Assrts. (CoBUU'd ci Ttlri r5?.) Ij-et-irs. Mich. Jan. 1 Senofi" at i o iifence of cuvrioanitig; by the ?!rtors of the Cbe'we Savi b.-.r.k cf w bfrh et State Treasurer Glari. r was president, and the con trrHiig force, was tntroduced yes'er .'a; by tte I reeco!ten il !f t'tal of G'ariT It wa showt that the Cbftsea Stale barkwhrh had on ,-c.tt wh.ti it fMI I." staf? fun.'s, bad loaned to G!aier. nwm tr of his family. ao t!-s ii firms in which he was lnferptI. niere tmn twt- the capital and r pli of t:'.0".