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THE CAIRO BULLETIN, SUNDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 21, 1909.
MMmi ! Remember Our Slaughter Sale off S YOU CAN SAVE The Great Reductions We are oilerinfl. Rav Hike and fhild fc Still in Full Fnivp Akn I pnninc Over-Gaiters vwTWTtr 2 1 l 1111 uaUYa VI V.11 II VlllUilt WVJl illiuu u uu a is wuu m aau a v , - w vn If"'"? w r X ivmli nfi nAe:ori7 chnoc at vnnr nun nnVp fnst and Rplnw Post Thp Font will alwavs need a Shop. H C11IU KIVulVIJ U1IVVJ U JVHl ww '' - -" - - - J -- ww I 7iS!ilBIVIbMANU.Sl Jr.-The Shoe Man, e09Z" nitiiMHi HIIHIIDIHHUNIHIMIIHHHIHI MMIlMMMMMMMMIlmMBIBM I Cairo Opira House I). L. WILLIAttBU' , MQger. FOR MENONLY ONE .JOLLY NIGHT O1) MONDAY, FEB. HERE AE ARK Harry Hastings BLACK CROOK, Jr. BURLESQUERS GIRLS YES! SOME PIPPINS Headed ty MLLE. HELENE iu Her Version of SALOM E FUN FAST AND FURIOUS. oh liiy&! He Sure and nel this tme. Prices -25c, 50c and 75c, ' ' Heats on kale Sat. Feb. 20. . FOR MEN ONLY Athletic Night. Wednesday, Feb. 24th 1st Big Battle Royal IMweon six men with heavy gloves. 2nd Six Round Sparring Contest between two of the last men to he hiul in St. Louis, Johnny Kelly ami Joe Murphy MAIN EVENT Cateh as eateh ean wrestling match to a linisli hetween Chief Monturc, A full blooded lilackfoot Indian, and Wild Joe Collins, The Cairo Favorite. Kntlre lowerfloor I ' Klrnt i row 1 'rt-sn Circle "& Italmne .- liullcry 2r Sftatu on sale Tuesday. lime callod Mj p. ni. PAT HE THEATRE ait Eighth (trnt MOVING PICTURES PROGRAM CHANGED DAILY TONIGHT Grand Doable Bill Bonest Dentistry At Hones i Prices Gold Crown : : : $1.00 Silver FiUings :. :. .50 Gold Fillings : : 1-50 GO NOT to the LEARNING DENTIST BUT COME tV. DENTAL EXPERTS The HARRIS DENTAL CO. 813 Commercial Ave. Near Ninth You will know the place by the large tooth at the door HOME PHONE 673 OPEN SUNDAY AND EVENINGS. Lady Attendant. Cuper Yeliicgmeyer & Co House Movers and General Wrecking Contractors. . 208 Commercial Ave. OBJECTIONS TO STATED BY Able State Paper Vetoing "Statewide" Law in Tennessee Overridden By Legislature. Gov. Patterson sent the following mesage to both houses of the General Assembly of Tennessee: 'Prohibition Is fundamentally and profoundly wrong as a governmental policy, and, In a country where the largest measure of freedom of action Is accorded the Individual, it becomes Intolerable. "For a. state, through its lawmak ing power, to attempt to control what the people shall eat and drink and wear except to see that they are pro tected from Imposition is tyranny and not liberty. I "All such medling and veratious laws ceased in England with the growth of constitutional government, and when the rights of men were firm ly established upon the basis of In dividual liberty and conscience. "They passed in our country when intolerance and early fanaticism gave ! way to advancing religious freedom, 'and the Constitution of our own coun try was framed for a self-governing . people who reserved to themselves j and guaranteed to one another th rights and privileges of freemen. "Hut the attempt has been made by prohibitory laws relating to drink, to forbid the manufacture or sale of liquor. "The claim is made that the use of liquor produces drunkenness, vice and crime, and that public moral.), the welfare of the individual and of the state would be best conserved by its total abolition. "Ii is is also said that because of the appalling consequences which of ten follow the Intemperate use of li quor that legislation on this subject is to be differentiated from legislation ! on the other subjects and Is not only justifiable but desirable and neces sary. "While having great respect for this opinion shared by so many of our people, I am still convinced that any attempt by legislation to abolish the manufacture and sale of liquor !s i abortive, in that it does not accom plish the result hoped for, and again that It violates the plainest and most obvious rule of Individual action and personal freedom. Where Will It End? "If we can legislate against the manufacture and sale of liquor, be cause it often produces crime and be comes hurtful to the Individual and society, can we not legislate against the manufacture and sale of tobacco, or poisonous drugs, and if we begin such legislation, where Is It to end? "Shall we prohibit the manufacture and sale of liquor to all the people, because some, by reason of intemper ate use, ruin thenisclvs? "Shall we so legislate that a man who uses it moderately and without Injury to himself or others, shall be wholly deprived of its use, becaus-j mother uses it Immoderately? "Shall the sick not use it If the physician prescribes It. because some who are well abns it? Shall its manaufcture and sale b wholly forbidden by law with aasump-l lion of authority as unjustified by reason as It Is useless In practice. Legislation by States. "In enacting laws by the State for the suppression of the liquor traffic, certain things must be kept in mind, in order, to know how far such laws may be eft'ec'ive. "The State Is one of a number of States, and not one can legislate con - trary to the constitution of the United States or the Interpretation which the courts ha-e made of that Instrument "The State can forbid by law the manufacture and sale of liquor wifliln her borders, but the State vannot pre vent Its manufacture or sale in an other State, nor can It prevent the shipment of liquor In unlimited quan tities from any other State into the State of Tennessee. "Under ihe Interstate Commerce clause of the Constitution of the Unl I ted States, and Its Interpretation by the cotirts. liquor is recognized as commodity or trade, just as flour, clohting. shoes or any other article. "The State is r powerless to pre- vent shipment of liquor to the people. of Tennessee as it is to prevent the shipment of any other commodity which may entfr lito the Interstate trade. It follows ihrern:v. that until the United State Gcvern:i.eut itself for- bids the manufacture and sale of li- qour or refuses to allow Its shipment . to a State. It is not possible 10 nave posite lor wnicn tne average pronii a prohibition law. T'aose who claim to rionlst contends, and that Is, that the J the contrary either do not knew bet- abolishment of the sale of liquor by PROHIBITION GOV. PATTERSON ter or, knowing better, deceive the people. Only Real Remedy. "Under the conditions I have just named, It Is a misnomer 'O call a laV passed by the Stare fcrek'ng to abol ish the manufacture and sale of liq uor a prohibition law. The only law the State could enact, which could properly be called a prohibition law. or that could possibly reach the end said to be desired, namely, to prevent the use of liquor,: would be one which would make the use a crime. . "If such a law should be proposed, however absurd It might be, It would bring the question up directly to the people, and it would then be seen how much of sincerity or hypoorlsy was behind a movement which pro posed to abolish the manufacture and sale of liquor in our own State, whil? the people are left free to get all they want and drink as much as they please from other States. "I would no more recommend the passage of a law to make It a crime for a man to use liquor.than I would recommend the passage -of a law to abolish its manufacture and sale. Doth are absurd, but of tho two, the first would be more sincere and prob ably more effective In preventing the consumption of liquor. "A law to prevent the manufacture and sale of liquor in the State can have only one effect, and that would be to send from Tennessee to some other Statos all the money the people now spend for liquor, and would no wise prevent the use of liquor, which Is the end desired by such a law, or It has no legitimate purpose at all. Manufacture and Sale. "Aside from the reasons I have heretofore represented why an act to prevent the manufacture and sale of liquor should not be passed, there are other considerations which in volve the attitude of the state to wards her cltlztns who are engaged In this business. "The manufacture of beer, and liquor have invested large sums of money at the invitation of the State and pays the taxes required by her laws. "An act to destroy the value of their plants would be confiscation and without compensation of any sort. "If an individual should apply a torch and burn property to the ground he could be held responsible both civ illy and criminally for his act. "If the State applies the torch of statutory confiscation there Is no rem edy, for the State is sovereign and has the power to destroy. "But with the power and with no redress by the Individual, should not the State be slow to apply the torch? And if it does, in the exer cise of Its sovereignty, should It not compensate the citizen for his loss. "In my opinion no State should ex ercise the power to deprive th citi zen of the use of his property, or to destroy a business It has made legiti mate, without Just and reasonabl compensation and the fact that the State has the power cannot, and ought not to, change the attitude of the sov erel?nty from the protector to the pnnlsher of its people. Open Saloons or Illicit Sellers. "It Is often Intollerantly urged that all who are opiosed to State-wide prohibition, so called, are In leagu? with the saloon and the abuses willed J are often connected therewith, I "it is just as fair to charge al who are In favor of prohibition to be In 'favor the secret dive or the boot- logger who plies his trade In unfr quented places, for when the legal saloons are gone the Illegal sellers begin. "The theory tlpon which the legal sale of liquor Is to be forbidden by law is based upon the false premise that the sale of liquor can be abot- ished by law. "The very opposite Is tnie, as is In- variably shown by the States where prohibition prevails, and even In lo- caliities where It prevails by consent of the people. "Maine has bad a prohibition law for over fifty years, and Is notorfous- w filed with both open and secnt violations of law. "The same is true of Alabama and Georgia and of every State where prohibition rrevails. "If reason and experience are worth anyiliiing In dealing with the liqner question, we can assume the very op- law la an Impossibility an empty dream. "Like the social evil which exists in spite of stringent laws to eradicate it, so will the selling of liquor go on in spite of prohibition laws. "With the knowledge that1 liquor can be bought and shipped from other States, that It will be drunk and Bold Illegally, the question which ought to occur to the wise and conservative legislator, and the only one which whether It is better to have It sold openly or secretly to have it under the control and sanction of the law, or whether it should be outlawed to live and thrive beyond control. "In my opinion the choice which is logically and inevitably presented is batweep regulation iul control o( the liquor tfaffic, anl secret or open violation of the law. "It is the choice between openness and evasion,' bet w'een fairness and hy pocrisy, between real temperance' and Its counterfeit. . " ' "Any law that will not be respect ed and cannot be enforced ought not to be placed upon the statute books. Not Temperance Measure. "A law that will brew lying and de cert in the people is not a temperance measure but. an intemperance meaS' ui . . "A man who buys liquor In a pub lic place recognized by law, may be doing, himself and family an injustice, but if he obtains it in the illegal club, or fr&m the express agent under a fic titious name or from a bootlegger, ho certainly does the same amount of damage, and has the added load to bear that he has been a partner in deceit and the law's evasion. ."Convinced, as I have always been, and now more than ever, that prohi bition laws are a failure and breed more evil than they cure, and firm In the belief that regulation and control is the very best solution of a difficult problem, I am at the same time not unmindful of the fact that some ileal trs In liquor have defied and broken 'he laws, and that both State and Mu nicipal authorities have been too la In the enforcement of existing laws, that there has not been enough vig orous treatment of the situation in the past to limit the number of liquor dealers or to compel obedience to the law. "I am also not unmindful of the fact that there are at this time fewer sa loons In Teunessee than in the last twenty-five years, and those that re main are more under the control of the law than they, have ever been. and that there is less real ground of complaint against them than iverin1 tho State's history. i "I recommend that no general pro hibition law be passed abolishing the manufacture and sale of liquor, be lieving, as I always have done and for the reasons stated, that such a law will prove a failure and n detriment to the State. ."I. do. recommend, howeyer, high license, siriet regulation and forfeit-, ure of license for violation of law. "In my opinion, if these recommen dations were carried Into law, the liquor qin st ion would be at rest in our State and the people would ap prove your course. "As genuine temperance measure's and real reforms they are Infinitely to. be preferred to ill-considerPd and drastic legislation which provoke in temperance under the guise of prohi bition. "It will be seen that what is now attempted constitutes a complete re versal of the rule heretofore applied, to allow the people of each commit llty to settle this question for them selve i. "My own position has always beei hat to force prohibition laws iwn he people without their consent is Aiiolly wron. This has been the po rtion of the people of the State a. xpressed by their votes; it has been the principle uion which the Legisla tures have heretofore acted; It Is th" principle of the Democratic party. "The majority of the people of Ten nessee are not demanding a State wide prohibition law. "There are thousands of temer ance men In, Tennessee, Republican? and Democrats, who are vastly more teniK'rate, both In their speech and ?abits, than some of the professional agitators of the question, who believe that the cause of temperance Is best subserved by fair dealing, and under the rule of consent. "If your action shall be to destroy proerty of millions In value. Is It not right to proceed with caution before this be done? If it shall deprive many ersow8 of a livelihood!, should you not pause to be sure you are right? "If it should force upon an unwill ing people a law which will not be re flected, and Itself provoke Immoral ity, is It not your duty not to pass it'. Moral Sde. "There Is a moral sMe to temper ance, fcr we are commanded to be temperate in all things, and temper ance In thought and speech Is to be commended equally as much as tem- perance In drink, for, often, indeed, Intemperance In thought and speech work more harm than Intemperance In, drink. "After Jesus had heard the Phari sees, as recorded by St. Matthews In jthe 15th chapter, llth verse, he thus addressed the multitude: I "Not that which goeth into tha 'mouth deflleth a man; but that which ! cometh out of the mouth, this deflleto 'a man.'' j "Tiu.ie Is nothing In divine law which makes prohibition Itself a mor al issue and there ia no such general sentiment among Christian mankind as to justify such characterization. "England has been a Nation for centuries and has sown the seeds ,of civilization over the inhabitable globe. She has given churchmen, poets, phi losophersi and warriors whose names and fame are as, wide as the world, but prohibition has never been ac cepted in England' as a moral Issue, or even a desirable : thing from ' an economic standpoint. "Neither France, Germany nor any of the older Nations have thought It Was, nor has the United States, as a Government, treated prohibition as a moral issue. "Indeed Its policy has been the re verse, for it not only recognizes the right of the people to make and use liquor, but Congress has refused re peatedly to enact a law to prevent the shipment of liquor from other States Into prohibition States. "In the very large majority of tho States of the Union there is no con siderable sentiment for prohibition, and if we compare the moral tone of the people, their Intelligence and wealth. In the States where prohibi tion does not prevail with the few States where It does, I think a fair and accurate observer would be bound to conclude that prohibition neither elevates morally, materially nor intellectually. "Let us now compare cities that aro under prohibition laws with the con sent of the people, with those where liquor is Still legally sold, and If the comparison should not bIiow a dis tinct advantage for such cities as have- consented to pass under such laws, then the argument in favor of prohibition for cities who do not con sent to the law la sheer nonsense. "Let the comparison be made be tween Knoxville and Chattanoogu. Who will gay the conditions In Knox ville are better than in Chattanooga? "Are the eople happier or better In Knoxville than In phattanooga? Is there more employment for labor, and Is It paid better wage? Are rents hfgher? Is there more building? Are more houses tenated In Knoxville than In Chattanooga? "Is not the only difference so far as liquor Is concerned that It can be ob tained In Chattanooga legally and openly, and can be obtained Illegally and surreptitiously In Knoxville? The prohibition law to which Knoxville, consented Is not observed, while the laws are observed in Chattanooga. "If the law will not be observed where the people consent how can we expect It to be observed where they do not consent? "In Chattanooga the testimony Is thi'.t tae open saloons, under a wise excise Liw, close at 10 o'clock at nisht, are never open on Sunday, and the people do not want a change. "Compare Nashville with any city of Its size in the country, and there is not one that has less trouble with the llqgor question, not one that has a more moral or law-abiding people, and I believe it would be entirely safe to say there Is less crime In Nashville with the legal saloon and less liquor drank and sold than In either HI rm Ing ham or Atlanta, Ga , under prohibi tion laws. Memphis' Position. "The city of Memphis contains a impulatUi conservatively estimated at l.Vt.oOO, and he sentiment of the people is practically unanimous against prohibition. It is not con fined to one class, but embraces all classes. 'Memphis Is situated on the1 Missis sippi river, a great Inter-state artery, and boats from the North and tho South discharge their cargoes at her wharves. "The State has not the power to prevent the carrying and landing by these boats of liquor for this trade, and it would come under the protec tion of the Interstate" commerce clause of the Constitution. "Twelve lines of railroads radiate from Memphis- to all points of th com pans, and shipments of liquor on any of these roads would be similarly protected. Therefore, with unlimited leans for obtaining liquor, and with the sentiment of the people op(ose 1 to prohibition law. what would be th.? result? An Inevitable r'ign of law lessness, an outraged citizenship an! confusion worse confounded. "What would be true in Memphis in a corresponding degree would be true in Nashville and Chattanooga. "So It is that when the Democratic party declared that these communi ties should have the right to decide for tnmeslve whether or not liquor should be sold, It recognized the right heretofore enjoyed by otier communi ties, and Its position was fair, wise and temperate. "To follow this declaration Is the best solution of the question; to abandon It is the worst, "To force a prohibition law upon these cities cannot be justified upon any ground recognizable by justice or morals. It will breed crime Instead of preventing it. It will weaken the faith of the people In law and consti tuted authority Instead off strength ening It. "It will Impair the revenue of the State, which we can 111 afford to lose, and Increase taxation without corres ponding benefits. ; . "It will forment discord. "it will substitute the counterfeit for the genuine and deteriorate the standards' of truth rnd honor.' "Slnce-the day the principle of self government was successfully assert' ed our race has never been and never will be, governed by a law to which they .have not consented. It is inher ent In our traditions, In our blood and institutions, and ' In any legislation which runs counter to it will prove a curse and not a blessing. Provocative of Discord. "The very discussion of the prohi bition question in our State has pro voked angry and passionate utter ance. "Men high In authority, whose of flee, If not their persons, should have been respected, have been calumn iated and slandered, sometimes Ignor antly and often willfully. "We have witnessed the distress ing spectacle of good women and lit tle children arrayed in behalf of a cause which they know nothing, no matter how good their Intentions may be. We lhave eeen ministers whose calling we reverence and to whom the people have the right to turn for guidance and consolation In spiritual matters, descend from their high es tates to make political platforms of their pulpits and In the name of tem perance utter intemperate and In flammatory speech. "We have had the new and strange test applied to character by the self constituted righteous who would pronounce it good or bad according as its possessor was for or against prohibit Ion. "We have seen men Who have as sumed the outward semblance of pro hibition and .w ho never practiced H, side by side with some religionists who wear the , vestments of Christ. but who have never known the spir itual In His teachings, who have nev er applied to, others the Golden Rule and who are strangers to charity in its highest add purest sense. "Then too, on the other hand, we have heard Intolerant speech applied to all ministers because a few - have prostituted their sacred calling, rail ing at religion because xsome of -Its professors' are hypocrites, and claims that all prohibitionists are fanatics because some of them are notoriously Intolerant and offensively ostenta tious In their assertion of virtue. ' "If all this has come from a discus sion of prohibition, what shall result If It should become a law without the consent of the people? "In view of these conditions and the far-reaching consequences of an act' you may pass, I again urge upon your' honorable bodies that you pro ceed with deliberation and caution and with due regard to the welfare of the Slate. "I have never faltered or wavered from the time I first came before the people in my fixed belief that proliibl tion iwas esentialy wrong without the consent of the people, und now after a service of two years as gov ernor, with full opportunity to know and to speak With Intelligence, I wan you against the evils which will fol low the passage of a compulsory pro hibition bill. "An obnoxious, undesirable and pu nitive law will bring forth an ugly brood, and nothing good or true or lasting can come of It. MALCOM R. PATTERSON. Governo Jan. It. WS." SLIPPER, I ne Metncillst laities will give a uiii i i ui-mi r-niun. r eo. corner of Washington avenue and Tenth street. Menu. Roast n.ef Ham Cabbage Salad Brown P tat : s Beked Teana Celery Pit kl s Homemade Bread Coffee Cake Price 25c. WELSH GETS DECISION. Vew Orleans Feb. W. Freddie Welsh. English lightweight champion was awarded the decision In a twenty round bout tonight with Toung Erne Except the fifth anal ninth every round was Welsh's. DEMOCRAT WILL BE SEC. OF 'l J. M. DICKINSSON, OF TENNES SEE, CHOSEN FOR PLACE. V- IN CABINNET. TV0 ST. LOUIS MEil Named for Portfolio They arc R. A. Ballinger for-r Interior, and ' ' Charles : Nagel for Com- ; i 4 merce and Labor, ...' Columbus. Ohio, - Feb ' 20. J M. Dickinson, . of Tennessee, will ' be sec-' retary of war in the Taft cabinet ChaH Nagel,. of St. Louis; will' be Taft's secretary of commerce and labor, and R. A. Ballinger, secretary of the - Interior. . .... . , This 'Statement is not made upon, Taft's announcement, but its correct ness may be accepted without ques tion. Nagel was a caller upon the Presl. dent-elect Friday and Dickinson had a conference with him today. Taft will permit of no announce ment from him as to these conclus ions. It had been . known for some time, however, that he had practical ly decided upon Nagel'g appointment, and the Interview yesterday bears all , the ear marks of having been a r-. ranged for the express purpose of an -offer and acceptance. Dickinson came to Cincinnati from .- i"V 1 M rvr IaIiu tin kaa Kkn tin. der consideration as a cabinet possi bility for so long a time, but has been personally and most favorably known by Taft for many years. His emi nent legal record and acknowledged" aonuy are mucn as to commena mm , lccullarly to Taft. Dickinson i 'a Tennesseean, al though temporarily residing In Chi cago, where ,htH duties as general solicitor of the Illinois Central Rail- whj jftit-ui leqiurcu ins presence. He Is a Democrat, although always having opposed Bryan. At Xenla. Ohio, Taft's car was sur rounded by an eager crowd and "he ... . . . i t. 1 . i . . j t asked for the support and prayers of . the people that the duties of the re sponsible position he Is about to as-' sume may be discharged for the best good of all. WRESTLING AND BOXING. , The Collins-Montour wrestling match at the opera boose next. Wed nesday night will be one of th big gest events .pulled off here this sett son. ' Collins -has been wrestling son)e good men since his last appearand here and Is throwing them ' right along. The Indian is also reported as winning a majority of the matches 6 Is engaging in, and the go between the two will be fast and furious, i The Keiley-Murphy boxing contest will bo every bit as fast as any seen here during the season. These tin men are reported as being eVeufy tnatrhed. the honors between them (it present being' evenly divided, and they will no doubt strive for the mas tery, over each other the same' as If ai title were at stake. " ' " ,' There has been no event arranged between local men. but the battle roy al between 4ve colored men , wih heavily padded gloves will lead oft the. program. ' f M'CARTHY RELEASED. V Springfield,. HI., Feb. 20. Beiaujie of inability to reach a salary ajree ment Manager McCarthy of th PpringfieltQ Three "I" leaguej team, was today released by President Kir sella. Mi-Carthy was formerly with the Brookl Nationals and later with Kansas Cltv. j WESTERN LEAGUE SEASON. Chicago.- Feb. o. Tb basebi'l eason for the Western leairue cltif will open April 2?th a.vord:ng to tl official schedule made public today. On that date Sioux Falls will plv at Wichita: Omaha at tnver: Dm Moines at Pueblo; Topeka at Lin coln. BASKET BALL." Belois. Wis,. Feb. ?n Pk Cel lege 39; Ijiwrence University t (A) pletionl 23. ! i Lincoln. Neb.. Feb. 20. Minnesoift IS; Nebraska," t. 1 ' " t I Lafayette. Ind' Feb. 20. Chicago, 90; Purdue, It- - - ' 5 , SPORTS eeeeee