Claude Grahame- White, the Knglisfi
bird man. who only a few months ago
declared that the idea of flying across
the Atlantic was visionary, has just
announced his own determination to
attempt the feat, in the summer of
"I have already perfected a scheme."
ways Grahame-White, "to build the
necessary aeroplane, but I decline to
discuss its construction, size or pro
posed horsepower. 1 hope to use a
British engine, and the only thing that
has deterred me thus far has been my
lack of I'.ritish support, the only sup-
(Copyright. 1!1 -I. by the McC'lurcs News
•'V- paper Syndicate.)
.i Ninety per cent of failure is due to
the wrong start, to beginning in the
wrong place, to remaining there, to
choosing the vocation which offers little
opportunity or is not adapted to the in
Vocational guidance bureaus have
been established and they are usually
managed by academic men who have
seen only one side of the shield of life.
The direction given, like the practice
of the inexperienced physician, may do
more harm than good, for wrong di
rection is more dangerous than no di-
:, reel ion at all.
The psychologist, and other scientists
may in time discover an automatic or
other process which will enable them
to diagnose the future with some de
V) gree of accuracy: but at the present
time there doesn't exist a laboratory
a measure, no. not even a yardstick,'
which can differentiate and which may
he safely used for the sizing up of a
boy or man.
Until some scheme is devised, the
only thing a boy can do is to observe,
and then to choose, with the composite
advice of several persons, allowing no
one person to dictate his future policy,
i, Three great departments of llveli
hood are open to him—a profession, a
business, and a tfrade.
Every successful professional man
had an intense love for, and a desire
to enter, a profession—so strong that
nothing could deter him. If you have
not that desire, or if you have a desire
which can be stilled, keep out of the
No one should enter business unless
MILLIONS SPENT LAST
YEAR ON TUBERCULOSIS
Approximately $29,000,000 was spent
in this country last year in the treat
ment of persons afflicted with the dis
ease and in the maintenance of pre
Treatment of tuberculosis patients in
the more than BOO sanatoria and hos
pitals-of the country and the construc
tion of such institutions cost over $18,
000,000 of the total expenditures.
Care of patients in dispensaries and
open air schools cost about $825,000.
Anti-tuberculosis associations and
committees spent nearly $675,000. while
state and local boards of health and
special tuberculosis commissions spent
More than $13,800,000, of 69.3 per cent
of the total expenditures, came from
New York state spent more money in
tuberculosis*work than any two other
states.—National Association for Pre
.... ventlon and Study of Tuberculosis.
The Helpless Great City.
Prom the New York World.
That an axle on a subway car should
break at about the time a truck on an
elevated train Ave miles away jumps
a cross-over is a coincidence that, ac
cording to the laws of probability,
'ought not to happ.en twice in 100
years. It did happen, and the resulting
tleup reminded New York how helpless
Is a great 'city when something goes
wrong with the complex mechanisms
op which it must rely.
By the stoppage of both the subway
-and the Third avenue elevated more
than 100,000 people were directly in
convenienced. thousands more suffered
an unusual crowding upon other lines,
and an aggregate of many years' time
was lost in waiting.
Monday a strike upon a railroad
which approaches New York no nearer
than Btoghamton and Albany cut off
dm-sixtt^ofTtts supply of bottled milk.
trouMo .."was,f too brief to cause
ifitaueh inconvenience, but we do not
^l&ve to think back to the great blls-
of to realise how serious It
woukl be to have the city's, connec
tions witk the outer world interrupted.
itlon and doith,beginning with
whoare dependent upon a rog
oC freshmllk. Would ho the
it. Interruption of tntte
Ocean Flight Is Possible
Says Claude Grahame-White
WIFE HIS MACHINE.
port have had thus far being Ameri
can. hope to arouse, a national in
terest in my scheme here.
"The trip would take from 40 to 60
hours and could be marie without
alighting for petrol. My present plans
include the carrying of from three to
six passengers. The starting place I
have not yet determined, but the
landing should be made in New York."
Grahame-White recently declared
that the ocean trip would require a
triple hydroplane with four 250 horse
power engines, so if one or even two
stopped the lighl could continue.
ho can produce evidence that he has
some trading ability and an apprecia
tion of financial affairs.
Handwork, or what is commonly
called a trade, is for those who appear
to possess no marked desire to enter a
profession or business, and have me
Desire, then, is probably the best
guide to follow, provided the desire is
positive and can't be shaken.
Then the boy should consider each
kind or class of profession, business or
trade talk with those connected with
it observe the action of it: get in close
contact with it, and. after a while, if
he be persistent and has investigated
intelligently and thoroughly, he may
be able to choose the vocation best
suited to him.
He should avoid following the advice
of any one person, and especially that
of his fellows. Because one boy suc
ceeds well in a certain line of business
must riot be taken as evidence, that an
other will do as well. Thousands of
boys enter a business because there
happens to be an opening, or one of
their schoolmates has gone into it.
This is dangerous.
It is difficult to change from one
line to another consequently the ut
most care should be taken to discrim
inate in favor of some one class of
work, that it may not be necessary to
make a complete change of base later
on. The majority of successful men are
still in the profession, business or
trade which they chose at the start.
They may have changed from one firm
to another, but they did not change
from one kind of work to another.
within the city is in its different ways
Almost any rural village or isolated
farm is self sufficient for a while. A
great city suffers when anything inter
feres with its usual activities even for
Converting Our Thought Enemies.
Orison Swett Marden in the Nautilus.
We all know people whose particular
occupation seems to be to squeeze the
sour out of everything. They never
see anyttSng sweet. Everything is
bitter to them.' They cannot enjoy a
friend because of his faults. His mis
takes and his weaknesses loom up so
large that they cannot appreciate the
good in him. They cannot see the
man God intended.- perfect and im
mortal they see only the deformed, the
diseased, crippled, handicapped man
who, in their opinion, will not come to
Many people do not realize what a
great part hope plays in success and
happiness. The do not understand
that people who always see good
things coming, who believe the best of
everybody, who believe that there are
great and good things in store for
them, who think abundance and good
times, are likely to realize what they
expect, for they put themselves in a
success and happiness attitude. Their
minds look in the right direction, and
thus they attract the things which they
People who are always seeing dis
aster in the future, who are afraid that
their families or their friends are go
ing to be killed in railroad wrecks, or
burned up, or wrecked in steamships,
who predict hard times and poor crops
and poverty, never amount to much, be
cause their pessimism strangles their
possibilities. The mind becomes a
magnet and attracts the realities of
the very thoughts and sentiments that
prevail there and -dominate It.
GEMS OF THOUGHT. jt
Don't put too flne a point on your
wit for tear It should get blunted.
'^'Culture Is not measured by the
greatness of the field which is cov
ered by our knowledge, but by the
nicety with which we can pweetve
relations In that field, whether
When Lieutenant Shackelton goes to
the antarctic next fall it will be with
the most perfectly planned expedition
ever organized for polar work. Noth
ing has been overlooked. He will take
with him wireless aparatus, an aero
plane and moving picture machines.
Famous explorers and scientists will be
numbered among his party. The expe
dition will cost $350,000 and will occupy
six months, (luring which time Lieut.
Shackleton hopes to re\eal the mys
teries of 5,000,000 square miles of un
"The object of my new expedition is
to cover the south polar continent, an
unknown territory of 5,000,000 square
miles from the Weddell sea to the. Ross
sea, a distanct of 1,700 land miles." said
Lieutenant Schackleton. "More ttian
half the distance wil be on a positively
new route. It will be the biggest polar
Journey ever attempted.
"The expedition will leave Buenos
Ayres early in October, 1914, and reach.
|!f possible. 78 degrees south latitude,
where a good landing place was
discovered by the German ex
pedition. If the ice conditions
lire favorable and we make a
prood landing by the beginning of No
vember the shore party will land and
proceed immediately across.
"Once the pole is attained from the
Weddell sea, the rest of the journey
from the pole to the winter quarters on
the Ross sea will not be difficult. In
this case I should hope to come out on
the other side of the continent in the
Ross sea in March, 1915.
"Neither of the ships will winter in
the Antarctic. The Weddell sea vessel,
after landing its party, will go back
when the navigation season is over, to
South America. She will return the
following year to pick up the Weddell
sea party, which if the full program
can be followed, will not only have
Bennie was a little newsboy. He
did not have a father or a mother,
and he never remembered having them.
He slept anywhere that he happened
to be when he was sleepy, unless, like
poor little —o that Dickens tells of, he
was told to "move on." If he made
money enough, he had a good meal
once a day and. if not, he ate what
ever he could afford.
Most of the boys talked of a mother
or an aunt, or a grandmother, and Ben
nie decided from what he heard that
he would rather have a grandmother
than anything else, if he could have
One day while he stood on a corner
with his papers he heard one of the
news boys call out: "Look at the old
woman sltdln," and the other boys
laughed. Bennie saw an old lady with
a basket on her arm trying to get over
the icy sidewalk and she was slipping
at every step.
Bennie waited, thinking some gentle
man would help her. for she was
dressed in comfortable clothes and did
not look poor and Bennie hesitated
about offering to assist her, but when
he saw that no one noticed her, he ran
to her and said "I'll help you ma'am
lean on me and I will carry your bas
"Oh. look at little Ben!" called the
boys. "That your grandmother, Ben?"
one boy asked. Bennie felt his face
grow red, and he thought. "Suppose It
were my grandmother? I will say she
Is." and when he passed one of the
boys who called again "Is that your
grandmother, Ben?" he answered,
**Waat mo to go across the street
with you?" Bennie asked whoa ho had
L1HKED UP 6V
ihi i&OHE p!
WIRELESS, AIRSHIP AND MOVIES
TO BE USED IN HUNT FOR POLE
TO DISCOVER WUETMtRVO,
IS CONTINUATION aP\y
ifcc AHDES IS
LIEUTENANT SHACKLETON AND ROUTE HE Wl LL TRAVERSE.
carried out scientific work in the quad
rant but also have made large sledge
journeys east and west of their base,
tracing as far as possible the absolutely
unknown coast line of that region
"The geological results cannot fail
to he of the greatest scientific value.
The expedition will at its winter
quarters on the Weddell sea make
geological collections, and on the
march across the continent, we shall
take specimens if we come across ex
posed rocks when crossing the moun
tain range. One ship will land parties
for the purpose of making geological
collections on the west side of the
Weddell sea. and the shin will, at the
same time, trace, if possible, the con
tinuation of Graham southward.
"We shall take continuous magnetic
observations from the Weddell sea
right across the pole, and the probable
route followed will lead toward the
magnetic pole and make an ideal
method of determining the general dip
of the magnetic needle. This mag
netic work, by the way, has an
economic side, because ah absolutely
true knowledge of magnetic con
ditions is of use to ships in navigable
waters. I propose to set up a magnetic
observatory at winter quarters and
take continuous magnetic observations
throughout the winter.
"The meteorological conditions will
be carefully studied, and this may help
to elucidate some of the peculiar
problems of weather that at present
are only dimly recognized as existing.
The results can be correlated with the
observations of the last three ex
peditions in the Antarctic. Biologicai
work will be thoroughly carried on,
and the distribution of fauna and plant
life will be studied. Both ships will
be equipped for dredging and sound
"There will be two ships. The full
complement of the shore party will be
the lady safely over the icy place.
"Yes," she said, "if you will go to mar
ket with me I will pay you." Bennie
went and then carried the basket to
the car. "If you will come home with
me I will give you a good dinner," said
the old lady. Bennie was glad to go,
for he had not had any dinner that day.
On the way the lady asked him all
about how he lived. "Why did you
tell those boys I was your grand
mother?" she asked, after Bennie told
her his story. "I never had one," said
Bennie. "and I thought I would just
play you were my grandmother."
When they reached the old lady's
home she grave the basket to a servant
and took Bennie to a warm bathroom
and told him to bathe. Bennie had
never taken a bath in a tub in all his
life, and he felt so clean after it he
did not like to put on his old clothes,
but he! combed his hair and buttoner
his ragged coat .and the old lady told
him he looked like another boy.
Such a nice dinner as Bennie had!
He ate until he felt he could never be
hungrey and then he was given some
picture books to look at and he sat in
a large chair In front of a bright fire
and soon he was asleep.*When he
awoke it was almost dark. Bennie
jumped up and rubbed his eyes. He
thought he had been dreaming but
there sat the old lady by the window
and he felt the warmth from the fire.
"I didn't mean to go to sleep," said
Bennie, "I've stayed a long time and
I'll go right away."
But the old lady told him to sit
down and then she asked him how he
would like to live with her and go to
"I should like to live with you," said
Bennie, "but I never went to school."
"You want to learn to read and write,
do you not?" asked the old lady. Ben^
12 men: the complement of the two
ships will be 30 men total, 42. Both
ships will be fitted to burn oil instead
cf coal (by the, use. of oil we shall
greatly extend our radius of action and
be independent of ballast, and will also
he fully equipped with cages and tanks
for bringing home live penguins and
•seals, which have never yet been taken
from Antarctic regions. Each ship
will have a biologist, geologist and
physicist. The three from the first
ship will be stationed in her winter
quarters in the Weddell sea: An
other party of three will explore the
unknown tracts to the east of th®
"In other respects, too, our equip
ment will be the best that experience
has devised. For instance, instead of
taking one sleeping bag we shall carry
three, so that when one is laced up it'
can be discarded. Our tents will be
made of three-ply wood, strong enough!
to support a dome-shaped covering o£
snow, thus insuring more warmth.
"We are taking cinematograph ap
paratus with us and one machine will
go with the party that is working from
Ross sea, while the other will be usedi
by the party who enter the ice region
from Weddell sea. Everything will bo
filmed. Many of the films will be of
use scientifically only. We are taking
with us special pocket wireless out-i
fits. These will be capable of sending
messages across the snow wastes for a'
distance of 100 to 300 miles. We are
not going to use wireless from the'
pole to the weight of the impossible'
owing to the weight of the installation!
and trouble of setting it up. But I
do intend to use wireless from sledge'
to base by our pocket outfits.
"If everything goes well we may bo
heard of about April, 1915, but in th«
event of unfavorable weather being
met the first news may not reach this
country before the beginning of 1916."
nie said he did. "That is what you will
learn at school," she told him.
"Then I should like to go, and will
you be my grandmother?" he asked.
"Yes, you can call me grandmother,"
said the old lady.
So Bennie found a home and a grand
mother because he was not ashamed ta
help an old lady when the boys were
He often went to market with her
and was proud to say. "This is my
grandmother," whenever the bova
called to him.
John's Loyal Friends.
From the National Magazine.
The bridegroom of three months bade
his wife adieu one morning and started
on a business trip to a town 25 miles
The journey was to be made by auto
mobile and he promised to return iu
time for the 7 o'clock dinner, as usual.
But no husband appeared when dinner,
was served, and the anxious wife
watched the hands of the clock as they v
moved slowly over the dial and showed'
the hour of midnight, and still the hus
band failed to appear. The frantic wife :»s&
sent telegrams to six friends of the
groom, asking if he was spending the
night with them.
As dawn appeared, a farm wagon
drove up, containing the farmer and the
missing husband and furnishing motive
power for a. broken-down automobile
that trailed behind. Almost at—tho
same time a messenger boy with an
answer to one of the telegrams, fol
lowed at Intervals by live others, and
all of the telegrams said:
"Tes, John Is spending tho night with
In loyalty, what surpasses man?
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