policy is written providing for the in
surance of the master, the officers, find
the crew of ovary ship that suits froin
an American port to the war zone, anil
vice versa, In tin amount equal to 12
times their monthly wages plus all bo
nuses, mill providing further that no in
dividual Insurance ahull be Tor less than
$1,000 or more than $5,000. The policy
also provides that the full amount shall
1)0 paid not only for death hut also for
permanent disability, or for the loss of
liolh hands, arms, feet, legs, or eyes.
I'Vh- lesser injuries from 45 to 65 per
cent of the principal sum is to he paid.
Pay Prisoners' Dependents.
Nor are prisoners forgotten. ITncle
Bain recoKniy.es his liability to families
lliat are temporarily deprived of their
breadwinners as much as to those that
fcro permanently deprived. No Ameri
faii sailor need eat his heart out in
rlson wondering how his fatnilv is
to live. Uncle Sam will pay
ttiom his full wages until such time as
Uie total amount paid shall equal the
principal Hum for which he was In
Death awards are paid to the estate
If the Insured for distribution to his
gamlly free of all liability for debt.
Kwards for injury are paid only to the
Insured himself, and awards for im
prisonment are held for him, unless
»e himself has directed to whom they
M"c to be paid. No attorney or claim
tgent is necessary to aid in the collec
Uon of Uncle Sam's insurance, and
•one Is entitled to receive any pay
ment for helping to collect it, except
where the liability is contested by the
government rind is tried iti a United
Btates district court. Then the judge
Washington W11 Drafted, f'*
From the Peaeret, Utah, News?""
tl there l« any violation of Rood taste In
-MleiirtWK today to a time when the United
Mates and France were on the verge of
Mr with each other, It will be excused
Inmw of one Incident connected with
thai unhappy crisis that has present ftine
MmOS and Interest as showing that the
4raft Mr military service Is neither a new
thing nor restricted In its application to
those wanted for the humbler walks of
the service. Th« father of hi* country
waa btaahatf the person summoned to Its
j-anka on the occasion referred to. He
not volunteered, and probably thought
to country did not need him but whon
the war department said. "Come, we. want
lour tie went. It waa In 1TJ8. The war
rarelution was long since over
Protecting Sea Skirmishers.
8 a a
No sailor who risks his life on t'nrlc
Ham's inorohant fleet "f today or on
tiis ir greater fleet of tomorrow need
fcsn (Hat ho will lo ivi: thorn pcnd
i-nt f.n Min j»fnnifes.s. Undo Sum has
I.])ul iin (.mii not leave them
penniless, even if he would. Months
JiKo tin government realize! that llie.se
tun I'hfint sailors wore th country's
real advance guard, its .sea skirmish
line, (•. lit forth, first of all, in advanee
ot tIn- ffiny find even of the navy, to
(Iihw the Cunnan lire, daily and liour
ly, without uniforms and without
cheers, hfi a mere matter of duty. II
decided thai the men-who did this were
KHlly as much a pari, of the national
ilic a.s were the army and navy, anil
it made: prompt provision l'or the eare
of their families in rase lh-y were lost
or captured. Only two months after
war was declared congress wrote into
law a merchant sailor insurance clause
under which the treasury department
pLuikIm ready to lessen, as far as money
chii, he ffei la of Llioit* loss upon their
llirler ilia government plan a blanket
showed regret, .somel.hinjf more. A
iiis: iiti,»:f:n lion with something.
"V.rc must take her in hand," John
relumed, "I um surprised thai. Klsie
liaiton hasn't convinced her of our
worth long ?teforo this,"
'•yho is foml of Klsie, but she cares
seems to think you will lead me astray,"
and ajfsin I noted the touch of bltter
nt*Hs In his voicc.
Probably the most startling significant situation in regard to
h© food supply of the country is found in the fact that we now have
8.3 per cent less hogs than we had one year ago. Then we had 65,645,
000 hogs, now we have 60.218,000, decrease of more than 5,400,000.
During this time our population increased 1V55 per cent or more,
and Europe's demand upon us for pork has steadily and enormously
gained, and yet we have actually 8.J] per cent less hogs than Ave had a
This is especially significant in view of the great effort that was
made last year to arouse the nation to the raising of more hogs,
for the number of hogs can be increased more rapidly than the num
ber of cattle or sheep. But despite this there was a great decrease, and
this decrease extended throughout almost the entire country, except
in parts of the south. The south helped to save the situaion. There
was a decrease in the rest of the country of 3,955,000 hogs, or about 10
Washington had lata aside his
hjwl atso secved two terms as
the new rspublic. and had
a well earned rsst on his peace.
«t Mount Van)•»• Franca had
la rdhtlMM with us. and
secretary of the treasury.
may award the attorney not more than
I ft per cent of the amount secured.
The provision as to contested eases
is necessary, though Uncle Sum has
no thought of contesting death losses.
His whole intention is exactly the op
posite. Hut everybody knows thai
there are cases where men have dis
appeared at sea and have turned up
later with marvelous tales of their
escape. Since the war began not a few
sa'ilors and passengers from torpedoed
ships have come hack after being givon
up for dead, and so long us human
nature remains what it is there will
always be a few men who would not
hesitate to impose on their dear
avuncular relative if occasion offered
and to stay away from home until
their insurance had been collected
and spent. II is for such cases as these
I hat l.'ncle Ssim is forced to In* pre
Insurance Not a Gift.
Insurance is compulsory. It is not
left to the memory of men who might
forget or he unwilling. Hut it Is not
a gift. Uncle Sam considers that
shipowners who are getting rich out
of the enormous freight rates they are
charging owe something to the fami
lies of the men who do the work for
them when these men are "scuppered
and left in the lurch."
The law provides that if the owners
of any vessel traversing the war zone
fail to insure the master, officers, and
crew before the ship goes to sea the
secretary of the treasury may take
out insurance for them witli the bu
reau of war risk insurance and may
further fine the owners not more tlian
$1,000 to help them to remember next
time and may also charge his interest
both on the premium and on the fine,
mfl.w aroditi hrdlu mfwyp etaoin shr
In the earlv days of the law an
American schooner with a complement
of 20 men slipped off to sea from New
York without being insured. The in
surance to be paid was more than
$50,000. and the owners "Just forgot" to
put lift the premium. But the collector
of the port did not forget. He reported
the case to the treasury, and the sec
retary took out the insurance and called
on the owners to make good. However,
as it was a first offense, the secretary
let them off with a fne of $500 (and
the premium, of course.) The insur
ance referred to did not cover the hull,
and as there was no loss of life no pay
ment was made.
The losses since war insurance went
into effect have not been great. From
June 2t! to August 31 the complements
of lift steamers and 27 sailing vessels
were insured by the government for
a total value of nearly $16,000,000. These
ships carried nearly 10,000 sailors. Total
losses incurred, approximately $40,000.
Three steamers, the Kansas, Montono
and Campana, and three sailing ves
sels, the Carmela. Augustus Welt and
Laura C. Anderson, were destroyed—
about one steamer in every 40, and one
sailing ship in every nine. All the men
lost were on the Kansas and the Mon
tano. Capt. Albert Oliver, of the Cam
pana. was taken prisoner, and the bu
reau has arranged to pay the first
monthly installment of $387.50 to his
wife, and will continue to pay this
amount during detention for the next
THE HOG A BOOST.
From the Manufacturers' Record.
the south, with the exception of Texas and Oklahoma,
there was a decrease of only 544,000 hogs, or about 2.5 per cent. But,
counting Texas and Oklahoma in the total, this gave the south 24,610,.
000 hogs against 26,082,000 last year, or 1,472,000 hogs less this year.
Outside of the south there was not a single state which did not
have a decrease except Delaware, which increased 1 per cent, and
Minnesota, which had the same number of hogs as the year before.
The lesson taught by these figures should be driven home through,
oat the country, and that lesson is to concentrate the energies of the
nation upon increasing our food production both of meats and of
grain. If we do not next year largely increase the output of grain and
thesupply of meat over this year's total, we shall face a great disaster,
it yould then be too late to save ourselves from exorbitantly high
and an actual shortage of food that would injure the country's
and. upon ^wriwhto
*Ma rapl»: "laaaraaiy
tint I ean «Hra »o:,«Mr
theless look back with satisfaction upon
a pleasant precedent, and should taka
pride In making It complete by the equally
patriotic promptness of their resDonse.
Japan's Sarvieaa to Allies
Replying to a correspondent who bad
asked what services Japan has rendered
the allies, the Outlook says:
In direct results
By special act congress
llighlwtmt to ooamander
gM armr. and the secretary of
to Mount Varwon lurlig
.jMti and Jho coiiwiaaiBn.
haye been valuable and vastly more
valuable Indirectly. The capture of
Klao Chau was a great deal more
than the mere dlslodinaaent of a Ger
man force from the wily German
•possession In the far east. Together
with Japan's help In the capture of
the notorious raider Entden and Ja
pan'a service in convoying Australian
transports, it meant that she cleared
the Pacific from the Teutonic dan-
and made commerce safe for
allies In the far eaat. But this la
only one part of Japan's actual aerv
lce_ ao far rendered. She has fur*
nlahed vast quantities of munitions,
doth and auppllsa of all klnda to
Russia over the Trans-Siberian rail.
asta fsr that rsasan and wklohJaaan
BY A VARNISH CAN
They Drive Slowly With Flivver
Bringing in "Dyna
Oklahoma City. Okla.—It didn't take
"Handle With Care" Hlgn to cause
the police to treat with respect var
nish can found buried in the ground
in the 2200 Mock WV-st Twenty-third
street. (Jiliserly and jjeiuly, was the
said (-an moved around.
I'"ive stocks of dynamite, all fused
up. and ready for the hattery connec
tion, was found in lit" receptacle that
had once contained nutlmv~ more than
floor paint, when it
Donahl Finlev, lfi years old, 2S:SK West
Kinley at onee reported his find to
the police. Chief Xiehols sent Detec
tives Witten, Conners, and Harold out
to bring in the infernal machine.
To the credit of the brave men. let
it be said that they obeyed orders.
They got back finally. The speed
ometer on the police car showed that
it was the slowest trip ever made by
the worthy machine. The chauffeur
explained that he had his orders to
take it easy and avoid even the light
When the car reached railroad cross
ings, the entire party got out and
walked, leaving the varnish can, the
driver and the flivver to any fate that
As the car pulled into Wall street
from Maiden T,ane, there was a scram
ble to get out and the chauffeur found
It fell to the lot uf .lack Thotnas,
motorcycle patrolman, to remove the
Innocent package to the captain's of
fice. To keep down any adverse com
ment as to Thomas' action, the in
formation is given that lie had no
inkling of what the bundle contained.
Thomas worked with the packet for
an hour and a half before it was finally
unwrapped. Then he did a funny
think. He left it in a hurry and re
mained outside tinder the sergeant's
window the rest of the afternoon.
There was enough explosives in the
varnish can to blow to pieces either
of the local packing plants, the state
capitol, the federal building or any of
the downtown skyscrapers.
How the bomb reached its place of
concealment and who put it there was
the cause of much speculation among
the police. The I. W. W. element waa
Went to His Hoad.
From the Houston Post.
"lie is building' castles out of clouds,
tnd .some time Ills creditors will come
and gently ooze him onto the boundless
spaces of desuetude, where the whang
loodle wears a nightcap and the daddaw
swings by its tall from the swusswus tree
like a pendulum with whiskers 011 it."
It is with these words that "State Press"
of the Dallas News describes the fate of
the country publisher who continues to
try to conduct a newspaper at a loss.
How awful such a fate Is may be imag
ined by the reader—and the words of
"State Press are not exaggerated.
Why He Wept.
From the Philadelphia Press.
The boy came into the house weeping
and his mother was naturally solicitous.
"What's the matter, Willie?" she asked.
"Tlie boy across the way lilt me," ho
"Oh, well, wouldn't cry for that," she
returned. "Show that you can be a little
"I ain't crying for that," he retorted
"He ran into the house before I could get
A NEW BARBARITY
Tka A—Ulan aaee..//
paw maea thay «n
t» rush orar a battto.
'Pershing's Professionals' Soon
Learn to Distinguish Various
Types of Shells by Their Sound
—No After Vibration Felt.
By GEORGE T. BYE.
What are the sounds that "Pershing's
Professionals" are hearing at the front?
have read a scientific treatise on the
subject of cannon language, running
into several thousand words and hav
ing a number of illustrations that
seemed to be free-handed drawings of
dull saws, described'as diagrams of
howitser sound waves—"shivers" would
have been a better word. I emerged
from this technical jungle with only the
eighth and ninth lines, reading: "There
is a preliminary crack, very distressing
to the ear. followed by a deep booming,
not unpleasant, that is the true sound
of the explosion."
I had 110 seismographs with me these
last few days along the firing line, nor
listening or recording apparatus of any
kind save a pair of diligent but fatigued
ears. From their testimony it is my
purpose to argue with the scientific
treatise as quoted above.
I have heard nothing but the
of big guns and the
"gl-luds's" of their shell explosions,
with no preliminary distressful cracks
and the deep notes only became pleas
ant when distance lent favor, when dis
tance permitted one to rise unabashed
from his stomach, coolly survey the
spout of dirt and smoke, and to make
merry In a very steady voice. "Fritz is
sneezing badly this morning."
Never shall it be said that an Ameri
can bends a proud knee nor flattens a
haughty stomach to the unspeakable
kaiser, yet may we prostrate ourselves
with suitable dignity, and with no les
sening of our loathing for the master
wretch, when one of his shells comes
our way. For you can hear them com
ing, rushing toward you with a louder
and louder hum, skewering through the
air with asound like "z-z-z-zin-n-n-ng."
It is 110 wonder that you can hear them
for they have the weight of a seven
passenger automobile and spin or re
volve as they flash through the air.
Failures are "Duds."
They are called "duds" if they do not
explode and "dud" very well describes
the sound of their falling. If you are
near a live one when it cv open,
the report is a mighty "glu -Some
distance away the sound has i.ne reso
nant "11" left out and is only a flat
"glug" or "glud." There is no tonal
effect of puffing and blowing that
would make the noise "plud" or "blug."
The shell bites into the earth, it's true,
but it does so with all teeth showing,
and one gets the "nolar "gr-r-rm" first
and every time. My fatigued ears insist
A tremendous mallet falling upon a
huge anvil in an auditorium would give
a suggestion of the big noises on the
front. The sounds are so great that
they really make a vaulted hall of the
trench area. The heavens are brought
down to the status of a ceiling. But
when this figurative mallet smites the
anvil, there is no after vibration the
trees on the front are cracked stumps,
the houses no longer standing, and
there is nothing to carry a vibrating
after sound. The only after effect is a
sharp, and sometimes distressing, shiv
ering in the air due to the vacuum of
The other sounds of the front are
more commonplace. I probably shoulfl
except the siren that notifies of a gas
attack or bursting of gas shells. This
is of the type of wailing horn that our
lire chiefs use on their automobiles.
In some trenches the call for gas
masks is given on a gong made from
a shell case.
Then you can hear at any time of
the day or night the clumping of heavy
shoes on the trench duck boards, either
of the feet of your friends or enemies.
This sound, of course, doesn't come
from the saps which are padded with
Blast Out Spies.
I heard a ripping detonation one day
quite far back from the first line. I
wondered if a Bosche long range shell
were following us. Egyptians were
blowing up dug outs on old battle fields
that looked suspicious. Several of these
dug outs had been found to contain
Bples supplied with rations for several
months and underground telephone
wires. This explosion had an ordinary
On another dav I had an unusual
fright. The motor car I was in was
racing from the front and approached
a cross roads that would take us
quickly from the "hot area." All at
once we heard a ripping rumble, and
I turned cold.
Germans make a specialty of shell
Ins cross roads when they're expect
ing an attack. Two American newspa
per men had escaped being subdivided
Into smithereens by only two seconds
the day before at a cross road.
The rumbling became louder and I
remembered my facetious first des
cription of a shell burst that it
sounded exactly as if some one had
picked up the Rome hotel In Omaha
and thrown it at Pike's .peak.
Louder then we were at the
corner and saw an American steam
roller crushing down rock. A labor bat
talion was repairing destruction done
to that road by the German sheila on
the day previous.
Amariean War Bread.
From th« 8prli«fleld Republican.
The United States is to have a war
bread, and Mr. Hoover and his associ
ates are studylnc just how it shall be
made. It has been decided to use 85 per
cent of wheat flour and 15 per cent of
other grains. For this 15 per cent, rice
flour, potato flour, rye. corn and other
Ingredients are being considered. The
effort la to preserve the wheaten flavor
so that the reault may be palatable as
well 'as nourishing. The official food
conservator of Connecticut has bean
trying flour made In Tennessee con
taining four-fifths wheat flour to one
flfth white corn flour, which la aald to
take Into very palatable bread. It baa the
appearance of fid* cake in tha texture
and cruat. knd Hartford reports favor
ably upon It
Nan Wmm BuiMa
New Yefk TIjbm.
To own •country aatata on the but)n
®f the Hudaon haa bean tha dream of
man# Naw Yorttar. it to
Back of the American Front•
come true in the case of Mrs. Sarah J.
Walker, the city's wealthiest negro
womnn. Airs. Walker, or Mme. Walker,
as she is more generally known, haw
built a $250,000 home at Irvington.
Twelve years ago she was a washer
woman, glad of a chance to do anyone's
family wash for $1.50 a day. Iler
friends now acclaim her the I-Ietty
Green of her race. They say she has a
cool million, or nearly that.
Ground for the Walker dwelling was
broken eight months ago, and a large
gang of workmen have been kept busy
ever since. Although the house is near
ly completed, it will not be ready for
occupancy, for several months. When it
is finished it is to be one of the show
places on the Hudson. Of late Mme.
Walker, in her high powered motor car,
has been a familiar visitor in Irvington.
On her first visits to inspect her prop
erty the villagers, noting her color, were
frankly puzzled. Later, when it became
known that she was the owner of the
pretentious dwelling, they could only
gasp in astonishment.
"Impossible!" they exclaimed. "No
woman of her race could afford such a
To say that the village, when the re
port was verified, was surprised, would
be putting the case mildly. "Does she
really intend to live there, or is she
building it as a speculation?" the peo
ple ive asked. It may be said for Mme.
Walker that she intends to make Irv
ington her permanent home, and is pre
paring to furnish the house in accord
ance with her tastes.
Although she has made money in her
hair tonic business, she has also made
it through good investments. She is the
owner of considerable real estate in
this state, the west and the south. Un
til recently she owned a $50,000 home in
the northern part of this city. She has
made a gift of this home to her daugh
ter. What, wealth is hers, she says, had
been acquired through perseverance,
persistency and hard work. "Persever
ance," she remarked the other day, "is
my motto. It laid the Atlantic cable it
gave us the telegraph, telephone and
wireless. It gave to the world an Abra
ham Lincoln, and to a race freedom. It
gave to the negro Hooker T. Washing
ton and Tuskegee institute. It made
Frederick Douglass the great orator
that he was, and it gave to the race
Paul Laurence Dunbar, and to poetry
a new song." Of her race Mme. Walker"
is passionately fond her race and her
family are the great Interests of her
Find Old Buddhistic Manuscript.
From Japan Society Bulletin.
in the city of Matsue there lived an in
dustrious maker of clogs named Jisuke,
whose family had possessed for genera
tions a quaint manuscript of vellum, the
origin of which was unknown. It re
cently occurred to the present owner that
I lie parchment might have value. He
first submitted it to the Tokyo Imperial
university, where it was pronounced a
sacred Buddhistic writing of the 13tli cen
lury. Jisuke was advised to take it to the
Nichieren Sect college, where he was in
formed that it was an original manuscript
by Nichiren (1222-1282), founder of one
of the many sects of Buddhism. The writ
ing was in Nichlren's own hand and was
executed when- he was 38 years old. The
manuscript was pronounced so valuable
that its value was conservatively esti
mated at 100,000 yen ($50,000).
The Real Supermen.
W. R. Thayer, in the Saturday Evening
A grotesque,conundrum suggests itself:
If it took the Germans, by devoting their
chief attention to militarism, 40 years to
organize a magnificent army, and "if it has
taken the English, a non-militarist nation,
two years to organize an army equal and
in some respects superior to tlie German,
who are the supermen?
Perhaps I am not deferent enough to
the superman but I deny that anything
—whether made of flesh and blood or of
steel—should be an object of reverence,
much less of worship. If I were hunting
for a superman I should look for him in
someone who achieved great victories
against great odds. This has not been
true of the Germans in the present war.
Hindenburg In east Prussia and Poland.
Mackensen In Gallcia and the Balkans,
Falkenhayn in Rumania, and the gen
erals who led the dash Into France and
Belgium—all had great odds in their favor.
As soon as the allies rose anywhere near
to an equality with them the German
spectacular successes ceased.
OP RUSSIA'S ARMY
Stasia? Washburn, (J. S.
After tkrea jraara of service as
•P*d»l correspondent with the Rus
r** front, Maj. Stan.
*•7 Wwiboni, of tha American
with Russian raprcsenta
tbe preeent military v*
•jtaagn ta Rossis. Maj. Washburn
aaU fte bw more about the
Mpeots ef Russia than any
xml | txt