OCR Interpretation

Forest City press. (Forest City, Potter County, D.T. [S.D.]) 1883-19??, December 26, 1918, Image 2

Image and text provided by South Dakota State Historical Society – State Archives

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93057084/1918-12-26/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

In the San Luis valley of Colorado
there Is an area of from 400,000 to 500,
000 acres, which has almost completely
been deprived of fertility In a seeming
ly mysterious manner. This condition
has been Investigated by Dr. W. P.
Headden, of tho Colorado agricultural
experiment station, and he attributes
.this condition to the so-called "black
alkali," composed largely of sodium
carbonate. This carbonate is carried
In the waters of the valley. Including
the rivers and the artesian wells, and
the practice of sublrrlgatlon has
brought it to the surface by capillarity
and evaporation. Dr. Headden sug
gests that the remedy lies In a con
version of the carbonates into sulphates
by the use of a liberal amount of gyp
sum to one pound of black alkali—and
downward washing by means of sur
face irrigation with furrows or by
Peat is BO antiseptic and absorbent
that It is used as a dressing for wounds
and is an excellent substitute for medi
cated cotton. This fact was recognized
many years ago in Europe, where
sphagnum peat is now extensively used
In preparing surgical dressings. Ac
cording to a scientist who has made a
detailed study of peat deposits in the
northern United States, there are many
square miles of sphagnum bog in the
northern counties of Minnesota, Wis
consin and Michigan that would supply
material suitable for antiseptic appli
cations. It will not be necessary to in
cur the expense of deep excavation, for
Immense quantities of sphagnum can
be taken from the upper parts of the
deposits. Sphagnum peat is also abun
dant in Maine, and some is found in
New York and Pennsylvania.
Many efforts have been made recent
ly to make the airplane invisible from
.the earth when it is soaring through
the ether. One idea calls for the use
of transparent material, at least for all
purposes where a canvas covering 1b
used at present, such as the wings and
the fuselage. One of the latest ideas of
the kind is said to be an airplane which
-uses nonlnflammable celluloid for the
Wings and other parts, and when flying
At a few hundred feet elevation the ap
paratus is quite invisible, according to
reports. A new muffling box on the
motor serves to deaden the sound. One
advantage of the transparence is that
observations can be made in all direc
Wilfred Thomason Grenfell, M. D.,
superintendent of the Labrador medlpal
mission of Royal National Mission of
Deep Sea Fishermen, was born Febru
ary 28, 1863. He fitted out the first
hospital ship for the North sea fisheries,
and cruised with the fishermen from
the Bay of Biscay to Iceland. He es
tablished homes for them on the land
and arranged mission vessels for them
on the sea. He went to Labrador in
1892, when he built four hospitals, a
series of cooperative stores and an
orphanage, and established numerous
small industrial schemes.
A turbine is a water wheel driven
by the impact or reaction of a flowing
stream of water, or by impact and re
action combined. Turbines are usually
horizontally rotating wheels on a verti
cal shaft. They are of various con
structions, and may be divided into re
action turbines, Impulse turbines and
combined reaction and impulse wheels,
-which include the best modern type of
turbines. By the modern turbine a very
high percentage of the potential energy
of water Is converted into work while
passing through the wheel.
It has been estimated-officially that
the area planted to sea island and
American-Egyptian cotton in 1918 was
about 356,000 acres, of which 276,000
•acres are sea Island and 80,000 acres
Egyptian. This compared with 362,000
aqres in 1917. There was a heavy de
crease in the average in the older sea
Island sections in Georgia and Florida,
where the boll weevil was very active,
and a corresponding increase in the
American-Egyptian acreage in Arl
£*ona and California.
Great Britain has no document which
nay be regarded as a constitution.
Instead of a paper constitution there
•slats a mass of precedents and con
ventions which serve similar needs
with greater flexibility. No matter
upon what the thins may be based,
royal power ot King George is not
absolute. Aa executive he is the nom
inal administrator of the decrees of
parliament, the representative body of
lords spiritual, the lords temporal
Corps is a French word, derived from
the Latin corpus, a body, and means
an organised body of men, either civil
or military, as a police corps, marine
corps, etc. It does not signify any par
ticular number, but an organised body.
the United States army a corps con
slats of two or more divisions, each
eontalning three brigades and each, bri
gade three regiments. The term first
came info use In this country during
the civil war perlod.
The Kaiser Wllhelm canal was offl
dally opened June 21,1895. It Is a llt
tie more than «i miles In length and for
the easterly part of Its course follows
the'line of the old Elder canal. It Is
1ST feet wide at the water surface and
71 feet at the bottom, with a depth of
-M feet sis inches. The total cost of
the canal waa $19.000,000.
a weddlnr In the hospital at Camp:
Upton, the groom was suffering from
Influenza and pneumonia, and the en
bridal party, with the exception of
bridegroom, wore sanitary maska,
covered from head to foot in
WnttBtlnfr garment*
gqgpsls the one of Utnm by
the on* 4 adoration. by the
the one of reconciliation, by
of the prodigal son.
©f&a caw used in
to rifle and ma-
JT W." -j.. .•
the turtle
Issue Worth $4,000,000 Dia«
posed of at Less Than Five
Per Cent—Money For
Farm Development.
Pierre, S. D., Dec. 21.—The Rural
Credits board lias just sold $4,00u,000
worth of bonds, at a shade less than
6 per cent interest—and this is ex
pected to supply the board with funds
to loan until May 1. This sum, to
gether with previous bonds negotiated
brings the total up to $10,'125,000 which
the board has sold since its creation.
These sum* moan that South Dakota
agricultural Interests have tho benefit
of about that much money for develop
ment, secured by the farmers as loans
from the board.
Vermilion, S. D., Dec. 21.—After
surviving the great days of the Amer
ican dash on the western front at
Chateau-Thierry, Clarence W. Over,
a student of the University of South
Dakota and a son of W. H. Over, as
sistant curator of the museum of the
university, was wounded in the right
forearm by a flying shell fragment
during the fighting in Argonne forest
on October 6.
Sergeant Over is the first veteran of
the American push on the western
front to return to the University of
South Dakota campus. Released from
hospital and given furlough for Christ
mas, he arrived in Vermilion this week
from the military hospital at Fort
Snelling, Minn. When finally dis
charged from the army Sergeant Over
will enter the law school at the Uni
versity of South Dakota.
Aberdeen, S. D., Dec. 21.—E. H. Glau,
deputy state sheriff, reports the recent
seizure at Mobridge of four trunks
filled with intoxicating liquors, all
bottled and ready for consumption, the
seizure being made by representatives'
of the United States marshal's office
and the state sheriff's office.
This consignment of liquor was pur
chased by four residents of Mobridge,
at Miles City, Mont., and was con
signed as baggage to an address in
When the train bearing it reached
Mobridge the federal and state of
ficials took charge of it, and it Is
understood that the arrest of the Mo
bridge men who had purchased and
shipped the liquor will follow in a few
days. It had been billed as baggage,
but no ticket had been purchased by
the person consigning it and no ex
cess baggage charges had been paid
upon it.
Beresford, S. .D ,Dec. 21.—That phy
sicians attached to the American army
in the war zone had strenuous experi
ences is indicated by a letter received
from Dr. Walter Verity, a former South
Dakota physician, who was on active
service in France for months before the
war ended. He writes that for a period
of 10 weeks he was practically on the
fighting front, 12 of these weeks being
close enough to the firing lines to be
under fire. He has been in places
where it was necessary for him to walk
all night because of the fact that there
was no dry ground upon which to lie.
For a month at a time he has per
formed his duties among the wounded
without seeing a single woman or
Pierre, 8. D.t Dec.' 21.—Miss lima
Kelly, of Pierre, a trained nurse who
went to France in mid summer for
service with the United States army, is
now one ot the 72 nurses sent by the
authorities to the Rhine. Word has
just been received here from her, con
cerning the journey she has taken. In
the advance with the army patroling
DeSmet, S. P.. Dec. 21.—At a term of
circuit court for Kingsbury county sev
eral defendants were sentenced for
various offenses. Peter Peterson plead
ed guilty to the charge of grand lar
ceny and was lined $100. Ralph Wil
kins, charged with having liquor lii his
possession, was fined $200 and given a
term of 10 days In jail, but the jail por
tion of the sentence was suspended
during' good behavior. John Wing,
charged with having liquor In his pos
session in a public place, failed to put
In an appearance and accordingly a
bond which he had furnished was de
clared forfeited. ff
Chamberlain, 8. D„ Dec. 11—With a
force Of about men, work is being
pushed on the new railroad bridge
across the Missouri ri^er at this place.
Piling hfive been drtv»non which to
construct the piers.
So far hut one fatal* accident hai
occurfod in connection with thft con
stractMn of the bridge. That
f^U fW|n
tha brfdje.
Roy Bartley. ll
ear being pushed «d{
and .was
botywas shipfte? Danbo^Vl*:
South Dakota Congressman
Who Went Into Army and
Was Wounded, Landed
In New York.
New York, Dee. 20.—Representative
Royal C. Johnson, of South Dakota,
who, without resigning his seat in con
gress, enlisted as a private in the Amer
ican army just a year ago, returned
with other troops on the army trans
port Maui yesterday. He was promoted
to a first lieutenancy after training at
Camp Meade in the 313th infantry and
fought in several battles. He spoke
particularly in praise of the doughboys,
but refused to discuss his own experi
Pierre, S. D., Dec. 20.—Upon inquiry
concerning the case of the sheriff-elect
of Hutchinson county, who has not
finished taking out his naturalization
papers, and is, therefore, not a citizen
fo South Dakota, the attorney general
rules that in such a circumstance the
officer cannot take his office unless
he can legally complete his naturali
zation before the time of qualifying for
office. In this case it will .be the first
Monday in January, as county officials,
excepting auditors, then must qualify.
Auditors qualify the first Monday in
March. It is not known whether this
situation exists for other officers elect
ed at the recent election than that
of the Hutchinson county sheriff.
Washington, Dec. 20.—Senator John
son, of South Dakota, served notice on
Senator Ashurst, chairman of the In
dian committee, that he intends to op
pose the Indian appropriation bill this
year harder than ever. "If you expect
to pass it you had better begin early
and work late," Senator Johnson told
Senator Ashurst. "The system of deal
iiffe with the Indians is an outrage,
while we are freeing other people we
are keeping them In slavery."
Senator Johnson declares the pres
ent system of the Indian bureau is
chiefly for the benefit of 7,000 em
Norfolk, Neb., Dec. 20.—A heavy
sleet storm is raging in southwestern
South Dakota/ and is reported working
eastward, according to word received
here. An inch and a half of sleet is
said to be on telephone wires, and
many poles are down, demolishing wire
communication in the southwestern
portion of the state.
A similar storm is reported in the
vicinity of Atkinson, Neb.
SISSETON—An artesian well completed
on the farm of Frank Whipple, some
miles from Sisseton, is something of a
freak well in that the water, instead of
being very hard, as is the case with the
water from most artesian wells drilled
in the state, is as soft as rainwater. It
also Is as clear as the average well water,
The well has a flow of 100 gallons per
minute, which is more than ample for
stock and domestic purposes on the farm.
ALEXANDRIA—The parents of John
M. Yost, of Farmer, this County, were
rendered happy when a second telegram
frofa the government authorities advised
them that their son reported "missing in
action," had been located in a German
prison camp. Carl Christman, another
Hanson county boy, also reported missing
has been heard from.
PIERRE—It is reported that at a
Thanksgiving dinner given at the home
of Iver Eagle Star, on Lower Brule res
ervation, at which 40 full blood 8ioux
were in attendance, "America" was sung
by the assembled audience and all were
able to carry the song through without
books, which it is claimed but few white
audiences of that slse could do.
ALEXANDRIA—At the meeting of the
executive board of the Hanson county
Red. Cross the following were elected for
the ensuing year: Chairman, Mrs. C. H.
Peckham, Alexandria' Vice Chairman,
Mrs. Jorgenson, of Fulton Secretary,
Mrs. A. J. Gifford, Treasurer, Mrs. C. H.
Stilwell, both of Alexandria.
PIERRE—The railroad commissioners
announce that E. M. Hendricks, of Sioux
Falls, has been chosen rate expert for
that department, to succeed Dan Kelly,
who resigned some time ago to enter the'
military service, and who is now in
DESMET—Judge Skinner, of the state
circuit court, while In DeSmet called at
tention to the fact that since he went
upon the bench of the Third district over
a year ago he had been called upon to
preside at the trial of only two criminal
CA8TLEWOOD—At the annual meet
ing of the members of the local volunteer
fire department the following officers
were elected for the coming years: Chief,
M. N. Bradley assistant chief, W. A.
Bartholomew secretary, Joseph Miller
treasurer, 1L O. Hanson.
WHITE LAKE—Henry Miller, from
over the Brule line, delivered two cans
of cream at the Byrum cream station, for
which he received I7S.U. This amount
was saved from 11 cows In IS days. Some
of the cows were near the stripping
MILBAKK—Rev. John P. Warner, late
ot MsnhslHwm. in^haasssuSMdthe
duties of pester of the SwedMi Lutheran
churches In Mllbank. Ortonvllle and
Odessa. He will make his headquarters
In OrtmvUe.
ALEXANDRIA—The remains of Oscar
Betts, a ssa ,«r Mr. aad Mrs. D.E. Potts.
city, are expected today tap New
%he*e the
Man Charged With Willful Slay.
ing of Indian Claimed Kill
ing Was Done In
Self Defense.
Rapid City, S. D., Dec. 19.—A jury in
the circuit court here returned a ver
dict of not guilty in the case of Joe
Keliher, charged with the murder on
November 3 of Harrison Bear, an In
dian. The jury retired at 4:15 o'clock
in the afternoon and was out eight
hours, before reaching a verdict. The
contention of the attorneys for Keliher
was that the killing had been done in
self defense. The prosecution was con
ducted by State's Attorney Benjamin
Mintener, assisted by George Jeffers.
Attorneys Albert Denu, W. W. Soule
and C. J. Buell appeared for the de
The state relied partly on an ante
mortem statement made by Harrison
Bear, in which after mentioning the
names of a number of people who were
present at the dance at which the kill
ing occurred said: "Hans Christiansori
and I had been discussing a horse deal
and Joe Keliher, after the discussion
had ended, came up and shot me. I did
not hear him say anything and, so far
as I know, I had not had any previous
trouble with the said Joe Keliher."
The jury ballottlng was at first 8 to
4 for acquittal it then changed to 10
to 2, later to 11 to 1 before an agree
ment was reached.
Rapid City, S. D., Dec. 19.—Before
Charles Nystrom, referee in bankrupt
cy, the case of Christ P. Meyer, for
merly of Sturgis but whose present
address is unknown, was brought this
Meyer formerly operated a hardware
store at Sturgis. His affairs became
badly Involved and he finally left the
country. It is thought that he is some
where in California, but he cannot be
The first hearing was held this week
in the involuntary bankruptcy proceed
ings. Harry P. Atwater, of Sturgis,
represented some 15 of the creditors.
The liabilities of the bankrupt are esti
mated to be at least $50,000, and may
possibly reach $60,000. His assets will
not be more than $3,000, and it is
thought that most of these will be ex
empt. Among the big creditors are the
Meade County Bank, $18,717.49 Inter
national Harvester Company, $6,364,
and John Deere Plow Company, $7,849.
Judge J. p. Everett was selected as
trustee in the case. It is doubtful if
there will be anything for the cred
itors. -.-.I?.
Des Moines, la., Dec. 19.—Iowa boys
who were with the 88th division at
Camp Dodge got to France in ample
time to see some action, judging from
meager reports which have been re
ceived since the armistice was signed.
It is known that the 350th infantry,
which was largely made up of Iowa
men, was in at least one serious en
gagement, and three captains of this
unit were either killed or captured in
an action on October 17.
Capt. Peter V. Brethorst, command
ing Company F, of this regiment, was
killed. He comes from Mitchell, S. D.
Capt. Henry A. House, of Duluth,
Minn., is reported as missing in action
on the same day. He commanded
Company E.
Capt. Orrin E. Safford, of Company
G, is also reported miSBing in action.
He was from Minneapolis, and former
ly starred in football at Minnesota
No complete list of casualties of the
engagement has been reported. Neither
is it known whether the missing cap
tains were taken prisoners.
Webster, 8. D., Dec. 19.—K. A. Budd,
of Toronto, Ont., thinks American offi
cers are real cruel, or at least that part
of them represented by the officers of
Day county, South Dakota. He be
came intoxicated while on a train en
tering South Dakota, and on the re
quest of the conductor was arrested
and token from the train when it
reached Webster. He was placed in
jail over night and the next morning
was taken into court and fined |75 for
bringing liquor into "bone dry" terri
tory. Two quarts of good Scotch whis
ky found in his possession was confis
cated. Budd was very angry at the
action of the authorities and left the
court room cursing officers in general
and the officers of South Dakota in
particular. il
GARRETSON—'The municipal electric
light system here will on January 1 ad
vance the rates charged paty-ong. The In
crease will be at the rate of 8 cents per
kilowatt hour for the first kilowatt
hours, and 2H cents Increase thereafter.
The Increase is made necessary by the In
crease In the oost of running the plant.
During the past two years the salaries
of the superintendent and helpers have
been materially advanced, and la addition
all material purchased tor the plant Is
much higher In price than ever before. It
Is not Intended ^o operate the plant at a
LBMMOtf—The postottce of Sefan which
of the first to oome Into exist
years More this part of the
ocBupisd by bum—liaims. who
the former* eattle Mags, has
tlaeed. its place win be taken
by Sbedi 8U1 posteCto. whleh has been
tea at the Oraad river crossing
Paris ("by mail).—Probably the big
pest problem that the Young Men's
Christian Association has to face in the
city of Paris is the housing of soldiers
who flock to this city in thousands for
24 to 4S hours leave. Every American
boy who comes to France is eager to
see the cit yof Taris, and the prices of
'accommodations at the French hotels
is beyond their slender purses. The
Y. M. C. A. has several hotels where,
for one franc a night they can get a:
bed and a shower. Meals are served
at cost.
The Pavillion is the largest of these
hotels, and the other night was full to
overflowing. The other hotels in the
neighborhood on the overflow list were,
also crowdd to the limit. The office
also has a long list of rooms which
French families will rent to soldiers.
The list was exhausted. Yet the men
kept pouring in. Seventy-six mn took
off thlr coats, rolle dthem up, made
them into pillows and slept on the floor,
of the "lounge room." At 11 all lights
were out.
At 11:30 p. m. Miss Elizabeth Gil
man, of Baltimore, Md., who has
charge of the canteen service at thej
Pavillion thought she would call it a
day's work and go to bed. But just aa
she was starting up stairs, she heard a
pounding on the door, and went to see
what it was.
She opened the door to find 34 en
listed men who ha dtraveled 18 hours
on a railroad train. They wanted cover
for the night, and "for the love of
Uncle Sam, sister, food of some sort.'*i
She let them in, went upstairs and.
called another canteen worker. To
gether they wnt into th kitchen an
stol the bred that was hidden in thi
closts for morning. They found a keyi
to the storeroom and dragged outj
canned meat to make into sandwiches.
.They started a fire in the stove and
made hot chocolate, and the 34 boys
were fed.
Thent he two women went into the
dining room with the tables all set and
ready for breakfast, and cleared away
those tables, and the men were onlyi
too glad to roll up on them and on thq
floor and sleep the sleep that only tired,
war weary soldiers can sleep.
This is a situation that the Y. M. C.
A. meets from day to day, in spite o1j
the fact that it is renting every avail
able vacant hotel in the city.
txUnit$d Press Correspondent.
Rome, (by mail):—With the close of,
the war, one of the most vital and
important questions Italy will have to
settle is that of emigration.
The basis on which this will be ad
justed between the United States and
Italy already is receiving the most
careful study and attention by the!
highest emigration and labor authori
ties of the two countries.
Despite the heavy losses Italy- has
suffered during the war. she will nevei
theless finish the grealt European con-?/
flict with something of a surplus of
male citizens, who heretofore have,
constituted her greatest exportation to
foreign countries. This is due to a
number of reasons.
With the outbreak of the was in
1914, Italy, to be prepared for any em-,
ergency, immediately forbade departure
for foreign countries of any of her
sons of military age. This restrictionj
ever since has been in force, with th«
result that Italy has within her bor-|
ders the hundreds of thousands of men
who, but for the war, would have emi-i
grated during the last four years.
In addition, with Italy's entrance into
the war, she called to the colors hun
dreds of thousands of other sons who1
already had emigrated to foreign coun
trles. These responded to a remarkable
degree, and have gone to swell the
number of men within Italy's borders
who with the close of the war may do
sire to emigrate.
While the final basis on which Italian
otber foreign emigration to the
Pelted States probably will not be es
tablished until a long time after tho
war, Italy iq the meantime is asking,
for two concessions on behalf of her'
emibrating worklngmen.
The first of these is that all Italians
*fno returned to Italy from the United
states in response to Italy's call to the
tta Unlt^BtateS!
to return without re-'
stiictlon or discrimination of any sort,'
'or sanitary reasons.
The second concession Italy desires
Present clause in the.
emlbratlon law, forbidding!
who comes
be »et aside
provided the contract is one that has
been approved in advance either by the'
itSEot Labor or by, the
"E states.
the vari-
JVith these two concessions Italy,
that she can tide over the diffi-
on that
attend the de-
tll such a time as a more complete eml-
leader of the peasants' party and head
Peasants' government in
Bulgaria, was among those who sought
to prevent King Ferdinand from com
mltting Bulgaria to war on the side
of the central powers. At a conference
of party leader.
heM with the k|nff at
palace, M. Stambullwsky spoke.his
mind freely, telling the king that he
was leading the country to destruction,
he wouW
P*y for his crime
with his crown and perhaps with his
Ths Prussian government hae formally
withdrawn the prlvllef

xml | txt