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gk i* 1 W- I Appeal for Boy Scouts. Dried Apple Art. Prom the Christian Science Monitor, An odd addition to the material for tculptiirc hns been discovered by a young woman in Knoxville. Tenn., who is mak ing realistic dolls with dried apple faces. Living near the mountains, this invent ive artist has for some years been study ing the mountaineers and modeling their faces after the usual methods. But one day she happened to pick up a half dried ". apple and was amused to notice how much it looked like a wrinkled moun taineer. Then sho experimented a bit .W Wlth her knife, completing the resem blance. and was1 morp pleased than she had ever been with her clay models. Fur ther experiment found a way to pre serve and varnish the apple, and the new medium of art was discovered. Although not likely to be widely adopted for art purposes, the dried apple Is said to make a surprisingly lifelike little head, and has added another member to the world's greet family of dolls. Franco's Debt. From the St. Pfcul' Pioneer Press. French loans to other nations of Eu rope have left the nation in a weak posi tion in some respccts, for the Russian and [Turkish loans are not even paying lntei The war has changed France. from a creditor nation to a debtor nation, so far as present Income is concerned. Prior to the war France had lent to other countries and Industrial enterprises out side of the nation 98,000,000,000. Much of this was to Russia, Bulgaria and Turkey. and these loans are yielding no return to France today. On the other hand France, from August 1, Mil, to March 31, 1919, has voted credits of 134,300,000 for military and civil pur poses. Today Franco is obliged to raise ?y not less than'13,509.009,000 to pay Its annual 'expenses. The total estimated debt of Prance is about 140,000,000,000, or about $1,000 per capita. The estimated public wealth of France is a little less than 91,500 per capita. A Hot Shot. From the Christian Science Monitor. On the borders of the town of Brook line, in the state of Massachusetts, on a plot of green grass, outside an apart ., ment house, there is a strange pile of rocks. They are rocks that have evident ly, all of them, been through the fl-. Charred they are, and burned into strange .colors, but none the lens quite evidently successful In resisting all the assaults that the Are has made upon them. Behind the pile of rocks there stands a neatly made •notice board, on which, in finished style, is painted this legend:. 1918 FUEL ADMINISTRATION.COAL. .A resolution appealing for clemency for Eugene V. Debs, now in prison for oppos ing the selective draft law. failed of ndop 'tion by the cor.-entlon of the metal trades, la session in Atlantic City. i.. By James E. West, Chief Scout Executive, Boy Scouts of America. "The War Is Over But Our Work Is Not!" This is the cry of the Boy •o Scouts of America, the cry of a movement that now comprises almost 400.000 American boys and 100,000 leaders, the cry of a mighty army of organized boy r. ,hood that amazed the country by performing the herculean task of selling $300,000,000 worth of Liberty bonds, $.10,000,000 worth of war savings stamps, ....locating 20,000,000 feet of Val»ut lumber for the war department, collecting enough fruit pits to l'urnli-h the necessary ohemiiuls for 500.000 ksis lyiasks, dis tributing :)0,000,000 pieces of government literature and serving as boyhood has never been known to serve in various capacities for the V. M. C. A., the Ameri can Rod Cross, the Knights of Columbus, the .Jewish Welfare Board, the Salva tion Army, the American Library Association and hundreds of other worthy agencies during the war. Such a cry cannot pass unnoticed! And especially so in the light of the .achievements enumerated for surely when boys, "mere youngsters." can weld 'themselves as solidly into the history of our great triumph as the Scouts of America have done, their far flung challenge to be of service during the days to coma cannot pass unheeded. It shall not! .Such is the determination of the big men of the country, who, under the leadership of the Hon. W. C«. McAdoo. former secretary of the treasury, have bonded themselves into a national citizens' committee to secure 1.000,000 asso ciate members of the Boy Scouts of America, in keeping with the proclamation issued by the president of the United States, calling upon the people to observe thfc period beginning June 8 ari continuing to June 14, as Boy Scout week. This week is to be far more than a "drive." It is to be seven-day demon stration of gratitude in appreciation of what the scouts did during the war it will be dedicated to the 10,000,000 boys of scout age to whom the benefits of scouting should be extended it will aim to arouse the people to the necessity of training the youth of today for the responsibilities of citizenship tomorrow. And behind it will be every race and creed, every agency of service the •'.'country can muster—every school, every club, every church. Danish Mary. TfyS?, Twaa Danish Mary picked them, up Out of the air and sea: A shoddy, trudging lollypup 4 *A*trapseing slatternly.• .. The cry rang north, the cry rang south: "The vanished—where are theyt" ,, But Danish Mary shut her mouth And shuffled on her way. "Ho, Hawker!—Grieve!"—on flying scu| Called kingdoms and called kings: 3tit.Danish Mary chewed her cud, ..In drowfey maunderings. tfow "Lost!" cried West, and "Lost!" cried East Till ^Perished!" like a pall, Turned bonfire light and homing feaat l&More dark than funeral And toward the hoUow sky rose prayer And dirgij of steeple chime: But what shouldDanish Mary care Shetakeuher own swj> time. AndbaWto Lewis ^tt^#4It'sme! IVe picked em up—your men." •••Wha^y^iieye and Hawker?"' "8urel" ||^y[^^ ^uunbUng^dn' agaifl.||!' j-g, «Upa SCH El DEM ANN'S SOLILOQUY To sign, or not to sign—that is the ques tion: Whether 'tis wiser with submissive mien To bend the neck beneath the hateful yoke. And meekly be.tr the burden that we merit— i- with a bold and blatant bluff stand forth And hurl defiance at our conquerors? if we submit, then are we doubly poor, Despised abroad and sneered upon at home. Methinks the blufl might serve. When all is lost Sa.ve honor, we are destitute indeed. This thing that men call honor! It shall be A cloak to mask our fears, a trusty shield To ward away the arrows of meu's scorn. Aye. we'll be bold! "Sirrah," we shall say— Seated, to show the mete of our con tempt— "Sirrah, the terms are unacceptable!" Yet cautiously withal, and with an eye Keen to detect the measure of their patlencej Por even men of honor may be roused. Perchance a little hedging were discreet— A disposition to admit the wrongs Of Belgium, and reluctantly to pay A modest reparation to the French. In one thing only being adamant: "We fought this bitter war in self de fense." If still their looks be hostile, it were meet With subtle ingenuity to depict The starving millions in the Fatherland, The weak and old, the helpless inno cents. Perchance the starting tear might play its part, HastUly concealed—yet not too hastily A passing mention of blockades a hint Of counterpayments and indemnities. Yea, verily, methinks the bluff might serve.v "Tis fraught with artful possibilities. From frantic boast to innocence sublime. We've nought to lose—the least we'll gain is time. —Vilda Sauvage Owens, in the New York Times. Great activity is being displayed in Germany in recruiting men for the army and in gathering ammunition, the inde pendent socialist Die Freheit, of Berlin, says. German recruiting agents are said to be busily at work in Austria. •THE CHIEF OBJECT. Edwin H. Chapin. Set berore you, as the chief ob ject to be obtained, an end that is superior to any on earth—a desir able end. 'Labor to accomplish a work that shall survive unchanged and beautiful, when thrones of power and monuments of art shall have crumbled to ashes aim to achlevc something, which, when these .mutable voices are hushed forever, shall live amid the songs and triumphs of immortality. '-V•- •f A' i. And she -.V THE MODERN. Alice Raphael, in New Republic. To arise, lllce a shot at the click of the trigger, to be flung into the whirring trap of the world's ma chinery, to be driven, driven, driv en, while the sun picks its leisurely steps across the pointed roofs which scrape the sky. To fulfill the demands of the love life in mechan ical routine, yielding neither to the soft flavor of retrospection nor giv ing the reins to fresh adventure. To beget children at stated interv als, as proofs of citizenship or props for authority, bits of personal equipment in the vast parapherna lia of respectability. Then, to face the last adventure swathed and cod dled by the devices'of science, sub stituting oxygen for the oil of the sacrament. Out of these ironies is woven the belt of artifice with which civilization girds the mod ern. God, what a life! Selling Soil Fertility. From the Minneapolis Journal. From the very beginning America has been selling her soil fertility to the old world over a bargain counter and the wise old world has not been slow to ap preciate the bargain. Soil elements that will take 50 years to replace can be care lessly farmed out of the soil in 10 years. Making money on new land is a compara tively easy task but renewing old soil is a slow and costly process. Certain crops exhaust the soil more rap idly than others. Certain products sold oft the land carry away a large part of their sale value In the elements of fertility they contain. For example, a dollar's worth of butter or cheese contains but a few cents' worth of necessary soil ele ments, while a bushel of wheat at present prices contains 60 cents' worth. A ton of cottonseed meal carries away 946.70 in ni trogen, phosphoric acid and potash, while in 1913 it sold for but 927. A ton of linseed •cake selling at S'.l --*Tles away 934.47 worth -of fertility. According to a writer in the Review of Reviews, even tobacco has been exported at a price less than the fertilizer value of the three.essential salts It contains.* The effect of shipping out feed and food stuffs at a price less than their value as fertilisers, together with other waste ful methods of farming, is seen in the steady decrease in crop per acre, especial ly In the corn, cotton and wheat fields. The average wheat yield of Minnesota be tween 1800 and 1910 was but 13 bushels, while 12 bushels was estimated to be the limit of proflt. Old England's average crop is a little more than 30 bushels. The English farmer is a student of soils and fertilisers. Germans Do Not Understand. From the New York Times. It is strange that a man of Prince Lich nowsky'8 knowledge of history should And in the fact that "after Napoleon Europe did not hold the French people responsi ble," anything applicable to the present treaty. The autocrats and ministers who were Europe in 1815 did not think any thing about the French people, or about any other people. They made easy terms for Louis XVII, partly because they were jealous and afraid of one 'another and Talleyrand was adroit enough to play on their ..fears, and: partly because they thought the Voiiiikolu vfould make France a safe neighbor for the rest of Europe. If there were any group of men in Ger many today of whom as much could b« said, the task of the peacemakers would be lightened. The entertaining Mr. Har den tells the truth once more wfrep he re minds the Germans that they have not given "convincing mental guarantees" that they have, experienced any chang of heart. The present government, ha says, works alike a bad imitation of gov ernment under the kaiser. Nowhere Is this resemblance more ap parent than in the reaction of distin guished Germans to the peace treaty. The editor of Voerwarts calls to "all the oppressed people and classes of the world," Ireland,« Egypt and India, of course getting .special mention, and re minds them that the German people is their ally. After the example of German beneficence in Armenia, oppressed peoples may not greet this announcement with proper enthusiasm but. Voerwarts is op timistic. It. calls on the people of the United States to rebuke their government for its attitude toward Germany, Once more the bad imitation of the kaiser's regime. Bernstorff and his aids did what they could to provoke risings in the Unit ed States, as well as border wars against us their 111 success might have taught the new government something, but ap parently it has not If the Germans will consider the 1m presilon made abroad by the government of a nation guilty of the worst crimes In modern history., which seems still to place Its reliance on the fomenting of civil wars In other countries, they may begin to un derstand why the treaty provides certain safeguards against Germany. They have cried aloud that- it enslaves the German worklngman leader? of the proletariat have complained that.. while the working classes are condemned to serve tor the benefit of the foreigner, Oermjui ists are untouched. Surely this Is a mat ter for the German themselves the Ger man nation toast'repair the damage the German nation has done, but it rests with the Germans to decide. what classes-shall bear the heaviest part of the burdeaTit Is significant that aa American corre spondent tn Beriln reports the old govern ing classes, the men who have made pub lie opinion, as unanimous in protest, but saya that nothlng has been heart fttmt "the underfed hulk of the German peo ple." The German people, from highest to lowest, stood by consenting to the de vastation of Belgium they refused In quiry into the atrocities of their armies they aplauded the sinking of the Lusl tanla they made no protest against the butchery of the Armenians.' Only when It comes to making Germans pay is their aense of Justice outraged. Family Doctor Missed. From the Rochester Post-Express. The Seattle Post-Intelllg«noer declares that thet» is in the west a wide call for the release from military service of the family doctors. People want the old prac titioner and the old practice back again the hurried attention of tho hard worked physician who must see the. majority of his patients tn his office for a lack of tlmo to visit hoiwefc Is not found liked subsUtvta. S^tjyKscflrlttjir•serosa month I Another Waste. From the Cleveland Plain Dealer. A statistician figures that the ashes from the tobacco smoked annually in this country would yield over 54,000.000 pounds of potash and phosphorus, valued at $50,000,000 as fertilisers. Angry, But In No Hurry. From the Omaha News. Sh^-How dare you put your arm about my waist? He—Are you angry? She—Yes, I am. I'll give you just two hours to remove It. "That fellow is a bolshevist in dis guise." "Nonsense! A bolsehvist never disguises. He advertises."—Washington Star. "Mrs. Gabble and myself are not on speaking terms." "Never mind, my dear. It won't hurt either of you to rest up a little."—Judge Hostess—'"Please don't stop playing. Miss Jones." Lady at Piano—But don't I bore you? It's possible to have too much of a good thing, you know." Hostess— "Yes, but that doesn't apply to your play ing."—Boston Transcript. Stranger—Does this man, Amos Darby, hold any place of distinction in the- vil lage? Villager—Ye kin judge fer y'i-self. When th' postman brings th' weekly* newspaper down to Guy Parkinson's gro cery store, Amos is the first reader.—Life. Newspaper Waifs. "Some people would borrow trouble."* "Or buy horns for a dilemma."—Louisville Courier-Journal. Playing Safe. From the Minneapolis Tribune. "Algy, when you are going to ask father for my hand?" "Next week, when he goes to Chicago." "Huh?" "I'll call him up on long distance.? A Senator Already. From the New York Evening Post. When William Ralph was one hour old he gave a lusty shout. "He will be a sen ator',"cried his father, ecstatically. When William "Ralph was 2 months old he began to babble. "What a senator he will make!" cried his father joyfully. When the boy was 7 years old, he used to get up on a chair and make long speeches with wild gestures, which even the approaching dinner hour failed to cur tall. "What senatorial eloquence!" rhap sodized his father. One day-his father found him in tears. "Teacher says I must boil it down," he explained, "but every time I do, it is long er than ever." "My precious boy!" exclaimed the fath er. ."You are a senator already.' Looking for Money. From American Cookery. Little Willie was discovered by mother industriously smashing all .eggs in the house. "Why,'* Willie," *he cried aghast, "what io you mean by breaking all those eggs?" Willie answered: "I heard papa say there was money in eggs, and I'm trying to find It." Leave It Vfith GoL Following is a suppositious address de livered over the remains of a gambler In a Nevada mining oamp. It is from Jay hawk: Did you ever stop to thliik how God does not put all His sunshine Into corn, pota toes and flowers Did you ever notice the prodigality with which he scatters these sunbeams over the universe? Contemplate. God flings the auroral beauties around the cold shoulders of the earth, hangs the quivering picture of the mirage above the palpitating heart of the desert. Wasted sunbeams are tlw«e? This may be infidelity, but if it Is, Vould like to know what faith means. I aune Into this universe without my vott* Men—came have ao How Fortunes Are JVLade. From The Americas. An American whose name is snyonymous with the biggest things in pro duction, manufacture and sale of tobacco in the United States happened to be in a Chinese coaling port one hot summer day some years ago. He was on a trip around the wyld. The ship laid up for hours taking on coal. It was too hot for going ashore—in this particular port. The American tobacco manufac turer whiled away the time the best way he could during the stuffy afternoon aboard the ship. A swarm of Chinese craft huddled around the hull of the steamer. Coal was carried from scows alongside, across intervening boats, by an endless line of Chinese coolies. There seemed to be hundreds of them. They came and went in an unceasing round of coal baskets, for hours. The Chinese were very simply attired. It was as if they were in uniform —each 7'i.n-' a kind of a one-piece bathing suit made of a slngta cement bag— their legs sticking out of holes cut in the corners, a considerable portion of the rest of them sticking out of the top of the bag. Every man of the crowd of coolies wore this bag arrangement. Every bag was alike. Somebody had a big market in that part of China for cement, judging from the number of bags the tobacco man remarked. On the front and back of every man-jack of the Chinese was a big round cement label in red and yellow. It gave a fine orien tal effect to the scene. The tobacco man noticed that the Chinese rather liked the ornamental features of this cement bag decoration. He and his fellow pas sengers joked about it as they lounged along the deck rail that hot day. Some body thought it was a fine advertisement for a certain brand of cement wasted because the Chinese who saw it couldn't read. Another passenger declared that it wasn't wasted because the Chinese have so perfect a memory for form and color that they would pick out that label without knowing the words. So they talked idly as ships' passengerswill, but but the tobacco man's imagi nation was a trained business imagination, and the practical side of the thing appealed to him. This man's trip via China was not all pastime. China had just begun the limitation and prohibition of the use of opium. The substitution of smoking tobacco for opium in China as a practical business idea with a big opportunity behind it was in the man's mind when he planned the trip. It was in his mind now. As this isn't a treatise on •psychology, it is enough to say that the tobacco man. as a result of that summer afternoon in the Chinese port, when he re turned to the United States had 100,000 cheap sacks made in anv exact imita tion of the cement bags, red and yellow circles and all, except that in the circle was a sentence in Chinese, telling of the virtues of a certain American clgaret. He put these new bags on the market for less than the Chinese had paid for their cement sacks—in China the cartons and containers of goods that can sill serve a useful purpose become salable articles after their original use has been fulfilled—and with the co-operation of a Chinese coaipradore he introduced the cigarets also. Today China is an enormous cigaret market, and the widely known American brand dominates the importations. his the He lived tn the world of sport. I do not mince my words. In the world of sport—hilarity some• times. and maybe worse. He left the im pression of his character on the world, and through the medium of his financial power he was able with his money to brighten the lives of Its Inhabitants. He wasted It, the world says. A little happiness brought into their lives means as much to them as happi neto brought Into the lives of the straight and good. If you can take one ray of aunllght into the night life and thereby bring them one single nour of happiness, 1 believe you are a benefactor. He may have wasted some of his money this way. and' foflnd a lovinft mother's arme to receive me. had nothing to do with the preparation of my power Work and Worry. The more you work the less you worry, the more you hump the less you fret and so get busy in a hurry, for industry's the one best bet. I have ob served that when I'm busy I'm pleased with everything in view and I have often said to Lizzie, "I'm glad I have my chores to do." My mind's engaged with things that matter, with hoeing spuds and mowing grass I have no time for idle chatter of evils that may come to pass. But when no honest tasks engage me. my mind is filled with gloomy bunk the rumors from abroad enrage me, and things at home seem pretty punk. Our statesmen deal in useless clamor, our diplomats are hayseed boobs so I rear up and ply my hammer until I bust my inner tubes. I talk of bogies with my neighbore, and thrash old straw we've thrashed be fore and all we need is useful labors to keep our heads from getting sore. For idleness leads on to brooding, and brooding^ bad for mortal men 'it brings them dreams and schemes de luding, and often lands them in the pen. I'd rather be among the boosters than'train with grouchy^ also-rans and* when I'm busy herding roosters have no time for foolish plans. Belling the Sheep. From the New York Ttmea. In an article printed In the Times March 2, 1919, Miss Maude Younger, keeper of the suffrage card index, explained the mys teries and the purposes of the elaborate system of Information which the national woman's party has amassed at Wash ington. The records of the party then showed "how nine votes had been won In the Senate since the amendment passed the House." "Why," asked the inter viewer, "do you want to know the habits of the congressmen?" To which ques tion the lady made this Ingenuous reply: For several reasons. For example, some congressmen get to their offices early one that I know at 7:30, and this Is often the best time during the day to see them. Then, if a member is a drinking man, we want to know that. One or our lobbyists may go to him and not know what is the matter with him. One, by one the lost sheep are gathered in. Sooner or later the worst reaction ary is made to see the light. The card index is lere mentioned only to illustrate the capabilities, the industry, and the in telligent sociological curiosity of the vic torious national woman's party. Another Sprig Sog. We saw a robid, yesterday— The sud-rise struk us dub With rapture at its pearly glow, Wor sprig ah. sprig had cub! vi We took the curtalds oft the car, Thed .called for Jib, our: chub Add drove off at a berry pace. For sprig—ah, sprig, had cub! —Kansas City Star. The war department has been unable to find a satisfactory market In this country for the large amounts of canned meats It has on hand. Nature's Transportation. Frcn Christian Science Monitor, ,,°ne reminded of a verse about little b-ope of water and little grains sand by the estimate made, at Oie University of Wlscon sin, that a single storm last March scattered at least 1,000.000 tons of •°'w matter from the deserts of Arizona and New Mexico over all the northeastern United States. fr«m. Wisconsin to Vermont The Infinitesimal particles of solid mat ter, swept up by the storm In the deserts were carried on snowflakes, I r?£ny reception hen. to change the environ- •Mipt of the Injure, but Jhe same power ?hleh prepared the loving arms of a t® reeelvame here will ton fbr me there. better than, what Is ot them that "at least 1,000,000 tone" Is the term used to describe aggregate weight, antl de l)0",ted wherever the 'snowflakes melted. The conclusion Is reached by microscopic examination of nn melted snow In different parts of 1 ,nT*«tlgatlon the «°»«red an area of at least MM0»fSQuar6 miles, and the esti .°f .solid matter .conveyed and deposited is believed to be conasrv fUve. AU of which 4 (Mowtl)e«arth. t?'