SPY ESTABLISHED 1770.
IT IS GENERAL,
Cotton Mill Wage Reduction
Affects All New England.
Rhode Island and New Bedford Manu
facturers Join in the Movement—Ques
tion of Time or Wage Cutting.
Boston, Dec. 31.—The action of cotton
manufacturers in New Bedford and
Bhode Island in deciding to join the
movement to lower the wage scale In
January, which was Inaugurated by the
big corporations of Fall River, makes
the reduction practically a general one
throughout the New England states.
The cotton mills in Fall River, Lowell,
Manchester, Salem, Suncook, N. H., and
a number of smaller places have al
\ ready posted notices of a reduction,
amounting from 10 to 11 1-9 per cent.
New Bedford it is understood the cut
oown applies to the cloth mills only. As
“V .^ 3 k now n, today, the reduction in
the mill centres applies to treasur
’uperlntendents, overseers and
c ‘2a s A aa we ' l as to spinners and other
Up to 1 o’clock, today, it was not
known what action th'e manufacturers
of Lawrence, Dover, N. H., Saco, Bid
deford and Lewiston, Me., and a num
oer ci small mill towns throughout New
England would take, but the opinion is
general in mill circles here ’.hat they will
also make a reduction. Th.- mills which
have already decided to post notices
employ between 85,000 and 90,000 per
The action of Messrs. B. B. and R.
Knight who operate cotton mills in the
Pawtucket Valley and nt Hyde Park,
this state, and other places, and the
Goddard Bros., will probably be fol
lowed by the other Rhode Island cotton
” 1 .„- A n h m ber of mill;,-, in Connecticut
Win also be affected.
While the operatives in all centres
*l a y e J* 01 decided t 0 the reduction,
™ oueht tbe unions in all places,
the possible exception of a section
of the Fall River m&ls, will decide
agninst a strike at the/ present time.
The cause which brought about the
cu t is explained by mSll men and others
as the dull market fo'r print cloths and |
other manufactured cotton goods, with
pri'-es reduced by th e competition of
at new Bedford.
Mill Owners to Po st Notices of a Ten
Per Cen t Reduction.
New Bid'rord, Dec. 31.—The owners of
the cotton weaving mills in this city
have, voted to post notices of a 10 per
cent . reduction in wages, to take effect
1. It is understood the reduction
?<ill apr’ " salaries. The cut
° .owr iy 10,000 operatives.
Th zed in the cut-down
' are > ■ ta operatives, 230,000
spin ; • ns; Potomaska, 108,000
spin ms; Acushnet, 105,000
spit mis, Grinnell, IOO.uOO
ppir I s. ms; Hathaway, 102,000
spin ■ . .coms; Bristol, 50,000
spl . iris; Dartmouth, 60,000
spi ms; Pierce, 60,000 spin-
dlt 140 3; and Whitman, 60,800
sp u ms.
..: . - : J rt, secretary of the
w . , . asked to express an
o; : said:
1 i . ; • rife the weavers of New
Fdl ;ilnd It. There Is not a
f • New Bedford but can be
I to have cut down at the
' ■ - '■ : ent during the last year.
■ ) ch. profits as are made in
» .lar/aw j- a pd Acushnet mills, do
t . ■ ■ one moment that the help
'di 1 it-i .it a cut-down? They paidi
. 1" ,t dividend and they are
Itions every year.”
ol the cutdown was re-
I* e mjll operatives as a mat-
l -* , ..ur»6 alter all the talk of the
past few days. .Secretary Ross of the
Union, Informed the Associ-
Ur’S BB correspondent that he
thought the --ormers would strike. The
executive of the Spinners’
Union will g a t ur d ay night to ar
range for a General meeting of the
union, when t ( matter of striking will
be determined - e way or another. The
sninners are exce nent condition fin
IN RHODE ISLAND.
Thirty Operatives Will Be
A ffe Aed and Probably More.
R j ?I —After de-
-It decision to the last, in the
in the meantime conditions
might change so as to render the step
Unnecessary, the agents of the leading
/cotton manufacturing corporations in
this state, decided today to reduce
The cut-down will average about 11 p.
c. It will take effect Jan. 17, and notices
to that effect will be posted Monday in
the mills of B. B. & R. Knight, the
Lonsdale Company, the Manville, Social
asd other companies controlled by the
lippitts, and the smaller corporations
throughout the state.
, EASTERN CONNECTICUT. TOO.
J. W. Danielson, of the Quinebaug
Company, Lockwood Manufacturing
Company and other corporations, with
nllls in eastern Connecticut, said that
he reduction would take effect at his
mils on Jan. 17, although the amount
if reduction had not yet been decided
ipon. The other eastern Connecticut
corporations will take similar action,
and mills operating about 2,000,000 spin
dles In this state and Massachusetts
and earnings of between 30,000 and 35,-
000 operatives will be affected by this
decision of the Providence agents.
Many firms oppose the reduction, and
would have favored running shorter
houus; but they say they cannot afford
to keep up the cost of production and
curta.l| the output, when other mills are
turning out the regular quantity at 10
p. c. less cost. The exact amount of re
ductioji is not fixed yet, but it will be
on the(same line as in other cities.
Comjaratively few of the Rhode Is
land factories turn out a product that
compet's , with that of the Fall River
mills, but the majority, Including all
the hetvy goods mills, come in direct
competition with New Bedford; and so,
when the mill treasurers of that city
announced their decision, it rendered ac
tion by local agents imperative. Cotton
manufacturing Is Rhode Island’s great
est industry, and the list of mills af
fected. with their capacity and force of
operatives, is as follows:
Social) Manufacturing Co., Woonsocket.
137.000 spindles, 3099 looms, about 1600
hands£ and the Manville Co., at Man
ville, 77,W0 spindles, 2450 looms, about
The Goddard mills control the Lons
dale company of Ashton and Lonsdale,
R. 1., 180,000 spindles, 3700 looms;
Berkeley Company, Berkeley. R. 1..
48,000 spindles, 1050 looms; Blackstone
Company, Btaokstone, Mass.. 43.400
spindles, 1121 looms; Hope Company,
44,000 spindles, 880 looms.
B. B. and R. Knight Company operate
about 425,000 gpludles, estimated 3000
Barna to Ha tin
people (operatives and families), to be
affected by 100,000 spindles.
The mills are as follows: Jackson
Manufacturing Company, Fiskeville,
R. 1., 4900 spindles, 1200 looms; Arctic
mills, Arctic, R. 1., 37,000 spindles, 1037
looms; Llppltt mill, Phoenix, R. 1., 9232
spindles, 231 looms; Natick mill, Natick,
R. 1., 99,000 spindles, 3100 looms; Pon
tiac mill, Pontiac, R. 1., 27,000 spindles,
674 looms; Royal mills, 47,840 spindles,
1214 looms; Valley linen mills, 1500
spindles, 400 looms; White Rock mills.
Westerly, R. I„ 27,600 spindles, 705
looms; Clinton Manufacturing Com
pany, 21,300 spindles, 512 looms; Fiske
ville mills, 3689 spindles. 96 looms; now
closed: Hebronvllle mill, 21,700 spin
dles, 539 looms; Dodgeville mill, 25,000
spindles, 508 looms; Readvllle mill,
18,000 spindles, 481 looms. x
The Goddard mills probably effect
1000; Lipipltt mills about 6500, and the
Knight mills 13,000 people.
Col. R. H. I. Godd'ard, In discussing
the cut-down, said: “I should have
preferred to keep the wages where they
are, and run shorter hours for, say, four
months: but, as the rest decided to run
full time we shall be obliged to do the
same. No doubt the first action taken
in Fall River was largely due to south
ern competition. The low wages and
standard of living with the longer hours
there make it very hard for us to com
pete with them. In our mills wages were
almost never higher than at the present
time, except in the period of inflation,
during the war. And the working man
Ilves cheaper today than ever before. ;
"I do not think that the cotton manu-1
facturing business will ever leave New ;
England for the south, but things will ’
have to equalize themselves. The south
has no advantages over us here other |
than wages and length of working,
Mr. Robert . Knight said of the cut
down: "We have got to do it to put
ourselves on a level with the other
manufacturers. We are opposed to it,
and do not believe that it Is going to
better conditions very much. It will on
ly bring us 10 per cent nearer the south
ern manufacturers. This is the key to
the whole situation, and where today
the southern mills are sold up and can
go on making and selling at a profit, we
are carrying stocks, and when,we sell
can't get back a new dollar for an old
one. About all the good that this re
duction In wages will do, will be to
open the eyes of some of the labor
agitators to things that they don’t peem
to see now.
“The legislatures have done much
harm in the north by interfering, and
they have attempted more than they
had any business to, and a change will
have to be made in the present laws, or
laws will have to be made In the south
to regulate the working hours there.”
SITUATION AT FALL RIVER.
Fall River, Mass., Dec. 31.—Tlhe strike
indications among the textile operatives
are not so alarming tonight, and the
change is brought about by the action
of the loom fixers. This union had been
looked upon as a body strong in strike
sentiment, the members having persist
ently talked against the jutdown. But
at the meeting tonight the speeches
were conservative. When a ballot was
taken the result showed 189 in accept
ance of the resolu’ions adopted by the
scß-xai emxtortacb rmeemlttie, seventy
for a strike and ten blanks. The ma
chinists also met, but took no action on
the wage schedule, postponing a vote
until next week, or on receipt of advices
from the national officers at Chicago.
In discussing the matter, however, the
fact was emphasized that while the
mill men do not consider machinists
textile workers, they are cut down just
HIGH HANDED MEXICANS
Haul Down American Flag and Seize Rich
Guano Island in Pacific.
San Diego, Cal., Dec. 31.—The steamer
Albion arrived today from a month’s
cruise down the coast. Her passengers
tell of a rather high-handed proceeding I
at Clipperton Island, on the part of the
Mexican gunboat Democrats, being
nothing less than the hauling down of
the Stars and Stripes by an armed force
landed for the purpose, and in spite of
protests of men there employed, and
the raising of the Mexican flag.
Roscoe Howard, one of the passengers,
said: On our return trip we took on a
sailor at Acapulco, and from him 11
learned that he had been brought to
that port by the Mexican gunboat Dem
ocrata from Clipperton island. He, with
two other men, had been employed by
a guano company to take charge of 4000
tons of guano that was stored in the
warehouses on the island; and when
they were landed there, some nine
months ago, they hoisted the American
flag and notified the secretary of state
of their action on Dec. 14.
The Democrata landed a crew of ma
rines on the island, and, after an offi- I
ciai ceremony, the Stars and Stripes
were hauled down, and tn its place the
Mexican flag was hoisted. Having tak
en formal possession, the marines with
drew and notified the men who re
mained on the island to allow no one to
take away the guano under penalty of
violating the Mexican laws.
The island is 800 miles off the Mex-1
ican coast. It is known as an atoll or ■
coral reef. It Is about four miles in
circumference. Two palm trees con
stitute the sole vegetation on the is
land, which is made the home of mil
lions of sea fowl. Thousands of tons of
the richest guano are to be found on
the Island. When the marines landed
to take possession of the island, tn be
half of Mexico, they were fully armed.
CRANE AND LOVELL.
Outgoing Governor's Council Favors That
Ticket for Next Fall.
Boston, Dec. 31.—The Boston Record
tonight published the following:
The outgoing governor’s council dined
the incoming governor's council at
Young's yesterday. It was a merry. ‘
social, bubbling assemblage. Everyone I
felt well. The old men have done well, i
the new ones are to.
At this meeting the arrangements!
were made for tlhe state ticket next ■
year, and it was decided to have the
republicans nominate the following
gentlemen: W. Murray Crane and Col.
Both gentlemen were present, and ■
they received the compliments which
followed the selection with grace and
modesty. Both were pleased that they '
have.been so satisfactory to the repub
licans of the state In their public careers
that tlheir promotion to still higher
honors is the unanimous choice of all
ROBBED WHILE AT DINNER. j
Indianapolis, Dec. 31.—While the fa- j
mily of Volney Malott, president of the
Indiana National Bank, was at dinner
last evening a thlel’ went through the
house and took all the diamonds and
jewelry belonging to Mrs. Malott and
two daughters, valued at 34000. Many
other articles of value wer e taken, a,nd
the total loss is'estlmated at 35000. The
police believe that the tihieves must
have had a erhfederate on the outside,
who watched £he movements of the fa-,
nilly. 1 |
WORCESTER, MASS.. SATURDAY, JANUARY 1, 1898.-TEN PAGES.
.. p . 6 6
■. 11 \l* '<>*' 0
NEW YEAR PARTIES.
; The Wellingtons Dance the Old
Year Out at the Armory.
A Large Number of Other Parties Held
By Social Organizations in Various
The social o-f the Wellington Rifles at
the state armory, Friday evening, was
a splendid success, and a series will un
, doubtedly follow as the result. The
■ storm, no doubt, Interefered somewhat
i with the attendance, but,in spite of it
! nearly 200 dancers attended and danced
i from 8.30 to 1 o'clock. Everything was
■ delightful from the opening until the
i close, and the storm without helped to
| make dancing inside the big drill shed
I more enjoyable. The affair was entirely
informal. A few guests were present,
but no effort at display was made.
The Light Infantry orchestra made
its first appearance in dance music, and
a decided hit was Scored. The orchestra
numbered 18 pieces, and the music
which it rendered was full of volume,
good in time and catchy and Jolly in se
lection. Nearly every round dance was
enthusiastically encored. At intermis
sion Rebboll served refreshing lees.
Among those present were the follow
ing: J. F. Critchley, C. R. Tucker, Sergt.
H. T. Gray, Corp. Frank Vaughn, Ar
thur Templeton, A.. H. Bellows, Mr.
Duckworth, W. L. Carrick, Mr. and Mrs.
Geo. Legasey, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Riedl,
G. W. Smith, George Burr, E. B. Saw
yer, Chas. Ranger, F. A. Skinner, M. R.
Crane, Walter Adams, A. W. Prebble,
H. H. Ames, Corp. Jordan, W. O. Bach
elor, Dr. and Mrs. F. A. Hatch, A. G.
Wesson, Lieut, and Mrs. E. B. Fish,
Geo. D. Putnam, Sergt. H. Gray, Sergt.
Harry Young, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. M.
Daniels, Dr. James Adams, Mr. and
Mrs. C. B. Sanford, A. F. Love, Mr. and
Mrs. E. L. Knight, L. B. Wheaton, L. K.
Brennan, Geo. D. Barber, Mr. and Mrs.
J. B. Bowker, W. Thompson, J. E. Ware,
A.'E. Richardson, E. J. Whitley, W. H.
King, L. A. Price, D. W. Wentworth, T.
C. Garbutt, N. W. Jones, Chas. Dwin
nell, W. W. Lewis, Harry Pitts, J.
Ruddy, J. Daniels, Everett Hills, J.
Elmer Hall, S. C. Brennan. L. Gale, C.
E. Cook, M. F. Ames. B. F. Colvin, H.
E. Lamb, A. W. Pratt, Mr. and Mrs. G.
M. Coe, J. L. King, T. W. Smith, R.
—JohiwoTi, -H L Geo. Carr, Ar.
and Mrs. Edson Shattuck, Fred 1 M.
Downes, Councilman and Mrs. S. C.
Kendgll, John J. Heron, P. G. Smjth,
Corp. C. Smith, Corp. D. E. Brigham,
Archie Purrington, Lieut, and Mrs. C.
H. Holden, Capt. and Mrs. E. G. Bar
rett, Capt. P. L. Rider, Lieut. M. H.
Tisdafc, Maj. H. B. Fairbanks, Miss
Millie Green, Miss Lelia Quimby, Miss
Gertrude Bates, Miss Bertha Henry,
Miss Jennie Dupre, Miss Clara White,
Miss Hattie Adams, Miss Frances Man
ning, Miss Lizzie Weir, Miss Effie
Adams, Miss Etlhel Towne, Miss Hattie
Adams, Miss Luella Cuthbertson, Miss
Estella Cuthbertson, Miss Ada Mushen,
Miss Florence Smallridge, Miss Lottie
Hubbard. Miss Eva Dansereau, Miss
Clara Lavene, Miss Pauline Brennan,
Miss Hattie Pike, Miss Edith Lauder.
’ Mr. and Mrs. R. R. Simmonds, Mrs. R.
E. Munroe, Mrs. Fred Chtekering, Miss
Whitney of Upton, Miss Danielson of
Roxbury, Miss Florence Messenger,
Miss Theresa Gilrain, Miss Garbutt,
Miss I. T. Sibley, Miss Sophie Jordan,
Miss Aimee, Miss Emma Adams, Miss
Lizzie Wier, Miss Amy Bragg.
The floor was In charge of Corp. C.
E. Smith. Corp. A. W. Prebble and
Priv. H. N. Sawyer were assistants.
The aids were Sergt. E. L. Pierce, Corp.
Frank Vaughn. Private A. B. Scott,
George D. Barber. A. W. Pratt. E. W.
Norton, H. F. Love, J. A. Ruddy and
STREET RAILWAY BALL.
The extra men on the Consolidated
had their night for business Friday
night, while the regular men had their
fun. The fourth grand bail of Worces
| ter Division No. 22. Street Railway Em
| ployees of America, was held in Me
chanics Hall, last night. While the
"extras” were struggling with the 6
o'clock crowds, the regular men were
preparing for the dance, and from 8 to
4 the hall and the time were theirs. The
affair opened with a promenade concert
j by Battery B Band, which included a
| euphonium solo, "Bonnie Scotland.” by
I Mr. Taylor, which caught the crowd and
elicited warm applause. The grand
march was led by Floor Director Hast
ings and his daughter, Miss Minnie Has
tings. There were about 2tM) couples in
the line. During the early part of the
evening, President Charles B. Pratt of
the Consolidated Street Railway and
Treasurer A. H. Stone dropped in to
see the boys, and to demonstrate their
interest in the annual dances of the em
ployees’ association- The dancing was
continued from 9 o’clock until 4, save
for a half hour’s intermission for sup
per, which was served in Washburn
Hall by Caterer Yeaw.
The floor was in charge of Ed. T.
Hastings, assisted by M. Buller, E. Bar
ton, D. F. Sullivan, F. Harris, J. E.
Quinn, W. Kingdom Jas. Sweeney, Ed.
Burke, Jas. Kelley. J. Gilmore, J. Mc-
Grath, J. Sugrue, F. Joyce, M. Rice, J.
Bowes, A. Bennett. S. Treen.
The committees were: Arrangements,
D. F. Kennedy chairman. J. E. Quinn,
M. Butler, J. C. Sullivan. W. Kingdon,
F. Harris, F. Joyce, E. Barton. J. Gil
more. Ed. Reynolds. J. J. Murphy, S.
Treen, W. Rose. Reception, J J. Mur
phy, J. O'Brien, W. Rose. J. Norton, W.
Kewley, Ed. Thurston. John Sweeney,
P. Shea, G. Henry, Ed. Kenney, Ed.
Norton, O. McDonald, T. Leach, C. Dur
away, G. Mansfield.
THE 'TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION.
The fifth annual assembly of the Wor
cester Typographical Union. No. 165,
was held Friday night in Horticultural
Hall. The printers of Worcester and
their wives and their lady friends took
a night off, and while the "sub” slaved
at the case or the machine and took the
blessing of the foreman for a "hot
slug" or “cold metal,” or perhaps a
"late form.” the regular, dressed in his
best and looking still better, whirled
his wife or his girl about the
hail and tripped the light fantastic, to
the. music of Chaffin's Orchestra.
It was a bad' night, even for a dance,
but there was a very comfortable gath
ering In the hall when the signal for
the grand march was given. Previous
to this, there was a coacert by the or-
chestra, and between the different
pieces on the program, exhibitions of
biograph pictures were given.
The grand march was started at 9
o'clock with 76 couples in line, with
Floor Director George Van Wagoner
and Mrs. Van Wagoner at the head of
the line, and Assistant Floor Director
Frank H. Eastman and Miss Hunt
next. The march was the first of the
numbers on the dancing program, and
from 9 until 2 the fun was continued).
Supper was served by Yeaw In the up
per hall, during the "shut-down" which
means intermission. One of the fea
tures of the occasion was the distribu
tion of a handsome souvenir program
of 24 pages, with embossed covers and
presenting within its covers some clever
examples ot the printer’s art and skill.
The floor was In charge of George Van
Wagoner, assisted by Frank H. East
man, Frank F. McMurray, Benjamin E.
Harrigan, Myles E. Costello, Hubert J.
Claffey, Jcseph H. Soulliere, J. Arthur
Belisle, George F. Mclnerny and John
The reception committee included
Philip Schofield (chairman), William
Worth, William F. Langill, John B. N.
Soulliere, Oscai’ H. Wiggin, W. Levi
Bousquet, Charles E. Wyatt, George F.
Guertin, John F. Duggan, Charles E.
The committee on arrangements were
Ge.orge Van Wagoner (chairman), Chas.
E. Ayres (secretary), Frank H. East
n'an (treasurer), Arthur B. Morton,
George A. Reed, John F. Harrigan, W.
Levi Bousquet, Frank J. Lee, George F.
Mclnerny, Frank U. Scofield, Charles E.
Wyatt, John F. Duggan.
NOTRE DAME DRUM CORPS.
The Notre Dame Drum Corps and
Musical Association entertained its
members and lady friends, Friday even
ing, with a reception and dance in St
Jean Baptiste Hall. Dancing formed the
principal part of the program, and from
8 o’clock until nearly 3 o'clock this
morning the party tripped the light fan
tastic to the strains of Coburn’s orches
A great deal of interest centered in
the ticket selling contest, the result of
which was announced at midnight. The
committee found that Joseph N. March
esseault had sold the largest number of
tickets, 117, and he was given the 325 in
gold. Arthur La Force disposed of 78,
which entitled him to second place and a
sls gold ring.
- The association recently elected the
following officers for the ensuing year:
J. N. Marchesseault, presldrnt: Euric K.
Mogeu. vice president; F n'leric Mault,
secretary, Joseph L. I aqvAl., treasurer.
THE WASHINGTON CLUB.
The younger members of the Wash
ington Social Club, In accordance with
a time honored custom, danced the old
year out and the new year in last night,
but they did so with a pleasant little
private social, and not with a big ball
as has been the custom in years past.
The affair was (held in tine new hall in
the Day building, over the Washington
club rooms, and it was in charge of
George W. Barker, Timothy A. Riley, J.
Charles Bowles and Nathaniel J.
Chandley.and from that very fact It was
a “winner." About 90 couples of merry
young people danced the night away to
music by Steere’s Orchestra.
Massasoit Hall, at 98 Front street, was
crowded New Year’s eve, the occasion
being a private dance given by the
members of the Mystic Brothers, to
their families and friends. In all about
250 persons were present, and passed a
most enjoyable evening. At 11 o’clock
the company formed in line and
marched to Integrity Hall across the
corridor, where supper was served. At
midnight dancing was resumed and con
tinued without intermission until about
3 o'clock this morning.
THE ST. ANNES.
The St. Anne's Athletic Association
gave a New Year's soiree in I. C. B.
Hail, 98 Front street, Friday evening.
They danced the old year out and the
new one in and had an elegant time
generally. About 100 couples were
present. Steere’s Orchestra furnished
music. True to their love of athletics
the boys had their dance orders printed
in the form of athletic programs. The
program consisted of 20 "events,” with
C. J. Carmody marshal and M. J. De
THE JUNIOR ELKS.
The Junior Elks Social Club—they
do not bear tlhe slightest relation to the
real Elks—had their third annual dance
in Foresters’ Hall Friday evening. The
affair was participated in by nearly 200
couples. Dancing was in order to the
music of Riley’s Orchestra from 8
o’clock until 1 o'clock this morning.
The officers of the evening were: Floor
Director, George W. Brosnan; Assistant,
John J. Sheridan, Aids, Alfred Dube, R.
J. Cloutier, William Jones, James
O’Toole; reception committee, Daniel J.
Foley, Patrick O’Keefe, Frank Mori
arty, Abraham Gerad, James Degnan.
K. K. K’s NEW YEAR PARTY.
The "K. K. K.’s” held a jolly New
Year party in Sons of Veterans' Hall,
Friday night. There was a good at
tendance. Matthew’s Orchestra fur
nished music for dancing. James J. Fo
ley was floor director with James H.
Houghton and W. J. Vail as assistants.
The aids were T. C. Carrigan, James
Mullins. Hubert Finley and John Kiley.
The arrangements were perfected bv
Joseph Sherry, E. D. Keenan and J. F.
COURT ENGELBRECHT PARTY.
The members of Court Engelbrecht, F.
of A., the youngest court of Foresters
in this city, had a Christmas and New
Year's entertainment combined in A. O.
H. hall and Boyle's dancing academy
Friday evening. The hall was crowded
with tlhe members of the court, their
families and a few invited guests.
The occasion was one of unusual en
joyment for the little folks, as there
were two big Christmas trees, one
placed at either end of the hall. They
were laden not only with) candles and
pop corn, but all sorts of toys as well,
and each child on enterlng'the hall was
(Continued ua Third Page.)
GREATER NEW YORK
Inauguration Celebrated W ith
Passing of New Year.
A Grcnd Parade, Illuminations and the
Like Ushered in the New Metropolis—
Brooklyn Observes Its Demise.
New Ydfk, Dec. 31.—The exit of the
old year and the inauguration of Great
er New York, was celebrated fittingly
tonight. One of the events that marked
the occasion was a grand parade con
ducted under the auspices of the New
York Journal and Advertiser. The
scene in City Hall Park, previous to the
arrival there of the procession was spec
tacular and brilliant, and was enjoyed
by thousands. Although the head of the
parade was not expected to reach that
point much before midnight, the park
was crowded as early as 8 o’clock. The
crowd struggled and jostled for an hour
or more, but finally a small army of
officers drove the park invaders to the
street lines, where they were held In
check by a cordon of police. Only those
entitled by passes were allowed within
the park limits.
Old City Hall was brilliantly illumi
nated with strings of electric light,
beautifully colored electrical shields and
American flags composed of revolving
lights. On the dome ot the municipal
building were placed eight search
lights which flashed in all directions and
cut across the electric light that blazed
their rays from the roofs of the post
office and newspaper buildings. Many of
the buildings surrounding the park were
decorated with handsome electrical de
vices, while several bands of music vied
with the bearers of trumpets and tin
horns to entertain the populace. In
front of the city hall main entrance a
platform had been erected for the ac
commodation of the judges selected to
award the various prizes. It was pret
tily decorated, and surrounded by a
myriad of electric lights. Within the
building several rooms had been set
aside for the many guests invited to
witness the celebration.
Notwithstanding the warring ele
ments and the announcement made in
the early afternoon that the carnival
and parade would be postponed, a great
crowd of nlerry-makers, paradei-fe, mas
queraders, wheelmen and members of
various societies. with numberless
floats, met at the rendezvous around
Union sqaare ready to march through
the l ain and mud to honor the old city
and welcome the new.
Col. George M. Smith of the 69th reg
iment acted as marshal, gnd, promptly
at 10.11. the order to march was given.
The crowd of spectators .at the starting
pom t was enormous, end it was with
difficulty that 250 policemen, com
manded by Inspector McLaughlin,
opened a passageway through which the
procession had to move.
Following the police escort came the
marshal and his aides, and l these were
followed by Fanciulli's Band, leading
the Chicago delegation, who were in
five open carriages.
Next in line were several uniformed
bodies of men. consisting of the Robert
Anderson Battery, Veteran Firemen,
Irish Volunteers and the Naval Battal
ion. The German societies joined in
the procession at 15th street. Follow
ing them was an immense float repre
senting the Brooklyn bridge, with the
cabris made of evergreen, on which the
wedding of Father Knickerbocker and'
Miss Brooklyn was being celebrated in
truly German style. Then float fol
lowed float in rapid succession, includ
ing a number of large theatrical floats,
one of which represented a southern
plantation with a dozen colored musi
Six divisions of wheelmen, consisting
of the maifhal’s staff, military division,
couriers, manufacturers' division, the
organizations and grotesques, were in
line, and in front and behind these were
representatives of the volunteer’s in all
departments, soldiers, firemen and
Shortly after 10 o'clock some hundreds
of solidelooklng citizens carrying Chin
ese lanterns marched' to a position of
vantage in front of city hall. They rep
resented the singing societies of New
York and Brooklyn. At 10.30, Hon.
Andrew H. Green, the father of Greater
New York. Who. Sohmer and Bruno Os
car Klein were escorted to the platform.
Mr. Klein was the judge of the choral
singing. The choral societies sang the
German chorals In turn, but the Immen
sity of the square and the tooting horns
drowned the sweet voices of the singers
before they reached the throngs with
After this ceremonv the bombs placed
on the lawn gave the signal that the
parade was approaching, and one hour
before midnight the first of the proces
sion turned into the park. A huge bal
loon with trailing light was sent up; and
as it swept across the park a blazing
American flag floated down and re
mained burning until the balloon was
out of sight. The drizzling rain had
turned to snow, but the great crowds
remained, surrounding the paraders,
who had gathered in the park tor the
chief ceremony of the night. At exactly
12 o'clock the searchlights on the neigh
boring buildings were turned upon the
flagstaff of city hall.
As the hands pointed the exact hour,
a little white ball was seen to climb the
staff slowly. The mayor of San Fran
'clsco had touched the button, and the
electrical current sent the furled flag of
the City of New York to the top of the
staff. Here it broke out and swung
into the breeze.
Then bedlam broke loose. Hun
dreds of bombs were thrown Into the
air, sending down their showers of
blazing stars and the salute of a hun
dred guns was fired by the second bat
tery of the National Guard. Not long
afterwards, the crowds dispersed.
Its Merging Into Greater New York
New York, Dec. 31.—The passing of
Brooklyn as a municipality* Into that of
the Greater New York was observed
with elaborate ceremony tonight, at the
Brooklyn city hall. Wltlhin, the build
ing was handsomely decorated, and the
guests were presented with handsome
souvenir pr<>grams, on which was in
scribed “In commemoration of the pass
ing of the city of Brooklyn, 1834-1897.”
The exercises began with a reception
In the mayor's office, at which were
DAILY ISSUE 53D YEAR. TWO CENTS
present Mayor Wurster and ex-Mavors
Sehieren, Boody, Whitney and Schroe
Later Mayor Wurster presided at a
meeting (held In the common council
chamber. St. Clair McKelway delivered
an oration, “From great to greater.”
This was followed by the reading of a
poem, 'The passing of Brooklyn,” by
Will Carleton. Rev. J. M. Farrar then
delivered an address on “Commerce and
church." after which Rev. Fr. Syl
vester Malone pronounced the benedic
tion. Mr. McKelway gave the greet
ing. "Mr. Mayor and friends: Let our
words and the spirit of our words be
farewell and hall Farewell to the olty
of Brooklyn and hail to the city of New
“Much has made Brooklyn great,” he
said. "Brooklyn shall long make New
York greater. Greater New York, In
the common speech of men, has al
ready been established. But let none
think that New York can be made
greater without Brooklyn being made
greater with New York. As we affect
our sister boroughs, so shall they af
During the night about 10,000 people
attended the reeepyon In the city hall,
where, at midnight, the bell In the
tower rang in the new year and the
WORLD’S GOLD PRODUCT.
That for 1897 Will Be Nearly 20 Per Cent.
Larger Than for 1896,
Washington, Dec. 31.—The director of
the mint says that there is substantial
evidence that the world's product of
gold for the calendar year 1897 will ap
proximate $240,000,000, an increase of
nearly 20 per cent over 1896. The gold
product of the United States for 1896
was $53,100,000; for 1897 it will approxi
mate $61,500,000. The product of Africa
for 1896 was $44,000,000; the IndUated
I product for 1897 Is $58,000,000. Australia's
; product for 1896 was $45,000,000; for 1897
i the indications are $51,000,000. Mexico’s
I product for 1896 was $8,330,000; for 1897,
! $10,000,000. Canada, 1896, $2,800,000: esti
mated for 1897, $7,500,000. India’s product
for 1897 is estimated at $7,500,000, an in
crease of $1,400,000 over 1896.
Russia's gold product for 1896 was
$21,550,000: for 1897. $25,000,000. The indi
cations for the United States are that
Colorado will lead In the production of
gold for 1897, as it is estimated by ex-
Gov. Grant that It will not be less than
$20,000,000. California will follow, with a
product of probably $19,000,000. With the
exception of the states of the south Ap
palachian range, It is believed there will
be an increase in every producing state
and territory of the gold) product over
that of 1896.
ADJ. GEN. DALTON’S REPORT
Work of the Militia for Year Commended
—The One Caterer Idea Urged.
Boston, Dec. 31. —The annual report
of Adjutant General Samuel Dalton was
submitted to Governor Wolcott today.
The general considers that the work of
the militia for the year Is commendable.
Attention to technique and care of
quarters has been the chief virtue. The
strength of the militia authorized by
law! Is Office.-?, 458; enlistnu men, 5896;
total number in service, in December,
484 officers, 5718 men. Tours o-f duty
(have been as usual. Great praise Is
awarded the first regiment of heavy ar
tillery for the advance it has made in
its work at Fort Warren.
Referring to Commissary General
Francis H. Appleton’s report, General
Dalton urges that troops should be fed
the coming year by one caterer, or at
least one to each battalion, and gradu
ally a proper plan can be formulated
for state supervision. The report ad
vocates new and larger kitchens, to be
Immediately built, as the cook houses
are worn out, and working suits for the
militia as a saving In the wear ot uni
forms. The militia expenses have been
THE BRAM TRIAL.
Janies A. Gray of Halifax to Give Evi
dence in Behalf of Defence.
Halifax, N. S., Dee. 31.—James A.
Gray, undertaker, is in receipt of a
communication from the clerk of the
superior court, at Boston, in connection
with the Bram trial.
Gray will give evidence in behalf of
the defence. He will testify that he no
ticed a bullet hole in the head of one
of the victims of the Fuller tragedy.
This will be entirely new evidence, and
will in a measure differ from the evi
dence of Medical Examiner Finn and
Undertaker Snow. It is rumored that
W. A. Purcell, another Halifax under
taker. will give evidence in support of
that to be given by Gray.
Boston, Dec. 31.—Messrs. J. E. Cotter
and Asa P. French, counsel for Thomas
M. Bram, called at the office of United
States District Attorney Jones this af
ternoon, and, as a result of the confer
ence, it is announced Uvat the barken
tine Herbert Fuller will be brought to
Boston on her return from, Cuba, and
the second trial of Bram will be heid
then. The precise date is uncertain, but
It will be early In Mar Oh.
PHILADELPHIA BANK FAILURE.
Time for Receiving Assents to Assig
nees’ Plan to Close Jan. 8.
Philadelphia, Dec. 31.—Messrs. Earl
and Cook, assignees of the Chestnut
Street National Bank and Safety Fund
Company, who devised the plan for the
voluntary liquidation of the affairs of
the trust company and of the Chestnut
Street National Bank, which plan pro
vides for the acceptance by depositors
of stock of the Philadelphia Record
Publishing Company to the amount of
their claims, today announced to the
creditors of the two institutions that
the time for receiving assents to the
proposed plan will close Saturday. Jan.
Many assents were received today,
and the managers of the plan state that
judging fromthe way assents have been
coming In it will be easily possible to
make the plan operative on the date
named, if it shall be adopted.
THE O’NEIL CASE.
Boston. Dee< 30.—Gov. Wolcott stated
today that he will keep the case of John
O'Neil, Jr., who was sentenced to death
for the murder of Hattie McCloud, at
Shelburne, open until the last minute,
and hear anybody who has any evidence
to present in the case.
Governor Wolcott said that he did not
know that Dr. Woodbridge of Williams
town had any evidence to offer, which
was at the command of O'Neil’s coun
sel at the time of the trial, but he
Should write him. and if he had any
evidence to present in person he might
come down next week and do so. In
so important matter as this, the gov
ernor wished to hear all that there was,
which had a real bearing on the
BOSTON ITALIAN’S SUICIDE.
Boston, Dec. 31.—An Italian named The
odore Temonelll, 21 years of age. commit
ted suicide by shooting this afternoon.
The Envelope Manufacturers
Now Talked Of.
Worcester Men Will Not Deny Nor Affirm
Stories About the Combination.
The next addition to the already long
list of trusts and combinations will, in
all probability, be the envelope trust.
Like the wire trust, so recently consum
mated, the envelope trust will include
most ot the large envelope manufactur
ing concerns of the country.
Worcester will be not without repre
sentation in the new deal. There are
two large envelope manufacturing es
tablishments in this city, those of the
Logan, Swift & Brigham Envelope Com
pany and the Whitcomb Envelope Com
pany. Both, it is said on apparently
good authority, are interested in the new
trust. None of the officials of either
company with whom a Spy representa
tive talked Friday evening, would, how
ever, admit that fact.
It has been very generally known In
business circles that during the past
few years, a number of efforts have
been made to Induce the larger enve
lope manufacturers to consolidate. All
these attempts In the past have, how
ever, proved futile. Now it is said on
good authority that the trust is either
a reality or will be In the course of a
very short time, and that it is only a
question of time when all the facts in.
the case will be made known.
The Spy man, after talking with those
in a position to know, Fridday evening,
was convinced that the rumor was far
from being unfounded. While the gen
tleman would not admit that such a
trust had been formed, they would not
deny that such a thing was possible or
James Logan of the Logan, Swift &
Brigham Company, when seen by a re
porter at his home on John street, Fri
day evening, said he would prefer to say
nothing upon the subject. He did, how
ever, volunteer the information that talk
of an envelope trust or combination was
not new. That every little while some
body attempted to get the manufactur
ers to combine. Further tnan that he
Treasurer G. Henry Whitcomb was
seen at his office on Grove street by a
Spy man and he too was not inclined to
be talkative on the subject. Like Mr.
Logan, he said that envelope trusts had
been talked of for years, “But there
isn’t one in existence yet. is there?" he
asked, as if to make the reporter think
there was no more in the present rumor
than in similar ones of the past.
“If there Is any sort of a deal,” he
said, “it will be nothing more than a
combination. There will be no trust.
There may be a combination in the
next six months and there may not be.
For my part, I hope there will be."
"Have any papers looking to the or
ganization of what you term a combi
n.ttlv bien signed yet, Mr. Whit-
the Spy man asked.
“Not so far as I know,” was the an
“I don’t see what there is myself to
publish about an envelope combina
tion," Mr. Whiteomb continued. "Thosa
who know would only laugh at it and
Then the reporter mentioned to Mr.
Whitcomb that up to the very day that
the wire trust became a realitv,’those
most interested had denied that such a
thing was in existence or was even
To this Mr. Whiteomb only replied:
“You know that sometimes great things
are accomplished in a single day."
But by his manner It was evident that/
Mr. Whiteomb knew more about a
“combination,” as he termed it, than he
was willing to disclose.
There are likely to be some very in
teresting developments before long.
ROBBED OF THOUSANDS.
Trusted Man of American Estates Asso
New York, Dec. 31.—The safe and the
offices of the American Estates Associa
tion. the trustee of all the American
property and estates of James McHenry
and T. Kennard of Erie railway fame,
were robbed yesterday and Joseph
Lockley. the bookkeeper and confiden
tial clerk, employed by the association,
In addition to the looting of the offices
and the safe, the bank account of the
concern has been robbed of thousands of
dollars by means of raised checks, and
when it was examined vesterday, it was
found there was only $79 left Even the
bank book was missing.
Something like 300 pounds of books,
deeds, bonds, and other papers and
everything that the American Estates
Association possessed that was in the
office ot the concern except the office
furniture is gone, and every cent in the
bank except the $79.
What the total amount of cash stolen
Is is not known at present, but it is well
up In the thousands, and the deeds and
other papers represent hundreds of
thousands ot dollars more, though they
are not negotiable.
COLD WAVE COMING.
Boston, Dec. 31. —Local forecast for Bos
ton and vicinity for Saturday: Cloudy
weather, with light rain or snow flurries
In the morning; colder; high northwest
winds; probably fair and colder Sunday.
Washington, Dec. 31.—Forecast tor Sat
urday for Maine. New Hampshire and
Vermont: Snow, followed by clearing
weather Saturday afternoon; cold wave;
temperature will fall 16 to 20 degrees;
north to northwest gales.
For Massachusetts, Rhode Island and
Connecticut: Rain, followed by snow;
probably clearing by Saturday noon: cold
wave; temperature will fall 16 to 20 de
grees; north to northwest gales.
Signals are displayed on the Atlantic
coast from Jacksonville to Eastport.
TRACES OF POISON.
Corpse of Fourth Wife of Zanoli—Pol
sons In the Embalming Fluid.
New York. Dec. 31.—1 n the first re
port of his chemical'examination ot the
body of tihe fourth wife of Charles Za
noli. who Is accused of having caused
her death by poison. Prof. Wltthaus
Stated that traces of mercury, zinc and
larsenlc were found in some of the or
gans. Today he said that he had
learned that she embalming fluid con
tained three poisons—chloride of mer
cury, chloride of zinc and arsenious
acid. He refused to say whether he
thought the poisons found in the body
came from the embalming fluid. His
final report Is not ready.
LORD ABERDEEN’S SUCCESSOR.
Toronto, Dec. 31.—A cablegram from
London to the Evening Telegram says
Lord Hertford disclaims any knowledge
of the reported intention of the imperial
authorities to appoint him Lord Aber
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