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Hermanner Volksblatt. [volume] (Hermann, Mo.) 1875-1928, January 27, 1922, Image 3

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lKeovge Sohns
,,0 i
Lome Aspects of the
Farmers' Problems
By BERN ARD M. BARUCH
ODBP.H I l
IRACLES
Zlgent für
Portland
Cement,
Graf Printing Co., Hcrausgrbcr.
Hcrminn, Mo.
m
M
Famous Scientists Declare that Tremendous Advance
ments of the Future Will Come From
the Chemical Laboratory
Entered as Second Class Matter Week
y at Post Office, Hermann, Mo.,
Under Act of Congress, March 3,
1879.
(Told In Elght Sketches)
By JOHN RAYMOND
(Reprinted from Atlantic Monthly)
Scrullmncr Vollsblatt.
r rr7W3
tfi
in
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if vyftfrMMcv?)KS W
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nl W
Irrcito,, bcn 27. Csstiutar, 1922.
P o t s d a in.
Der Hefe Schnee ber mn festen
Sreitna fiel, tarn rechtzeitig um der
Weizensaat eine schützende Decke 31t
liefern, zumal bei dein kalten Wetter
das am Sonntag einsetzte. Auch hat
der Schnee wieder, die längst in den
Nnhestand versetzten Schlitten wie
der zum Vorschein gebracht und an'
statt das unschöne Eselgebrüll der
Automobile, hört inan jetzt lieblich.
Schickt Euren
Weizen
nach dcr
Eggers Milling Co.
Hermann,
Mo.
Wir bezahlen den höchsten Markt
preis und haben hinreichend leere
Säcke an Hand. Wir können alle
Sorten Weizen, gnte" oder minder
guten, gebrauchen.
MZWW
ftqxWrayTwrsT xsr-wrrv. um", vmw .mgy MR.1; . i?WiTM
'Zlrt'ZsX
--r."-!
H - Vi-.-v- -
iy frv
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V-i j:- '--3 ds?z U t'icle Leiden, d!e
H YS.' " (n-fiiiii'rr yirv.M nrtrefit
p3 ''szc-sr-j- ,!,ilde Wirkung tm-j eiiisüchen Hazi,nttlkls, wie
w
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1 tit
(4 sft K ßz
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4 li V 'U 3 ÜV Llfl
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Ül'e'.l :? y.-dt pH r!e LVar'.rl deS
frcfjl. t''S i;i reiitcit, l,eiltkastiae
Z l ; $) nci-ntv ticr Jjuiiocvt Jalre
? C i'. ir! niiM iur;?) i;ai.'it).Tcr vcrliw't, sllttdcrn
m Jr. pc&cv Fah,
(M r,Ol17 ffiVf(j!Sflici: lob.
jll (3 oöfrcl in
(Zvllkkkl in ffaiiiida gklitscrt)
sasniST522ssia5ara
iiTiczzirc
DC
ifliiicr (5rmcnt,
Abzugsrohren, u. s. rn.
Phone 63 Hermann, Mo.
es Tchettengelänte.
Sam Deppe und Geo. Lang jr.
begaben sich letzten Montag nach St.
Louis um eine grosze Anzahl Pelze,
die sie hier gesammelt hatten, auf
den dortigen Pelzmarkt zu bringen.
Otto Klossner war am Sainstag
bei Adolph. Mo., in Geschäften, so
wie uiu seinem Freunde, Oc-car
LieKoiv, einen Besuch abzustatten.
Fred Schminke sen. hat infolge
eines wehen Fuszes seit einigen Ta
gen Stubenarrest.
Fred Toelle u. Familie, von Mor
rison, befanden sich letzten Sonntag
hier auf Besuch bei Oscar Bracht u.
Familie.
Ed. 5Zormann und Frl. Meta ,tta
chur waren am Montag in Hermann.
ßAnzcigett im Volksblatt brin
gen Erfolg.
Mo. Pacific Zcittabcllr.
Westlich gehende Züge:
Nr. Zeit
13 Personenzng Nachts 12:27
37 Lok. Personenzug vorm. 10:13
1 1 Personenzng vorm. 11 :10
9S Lokal Frachtzng, Dienstag.
Donnerstag u. Samstag öonn. 9:50
Oestlich gehende Züge:
14 Lok. Personenzug. morgens -1:20
10 Personenzng nachm. 3:01
38 Lok. Personenzug nahm. ":4fi
92 Lokal Frachtzug, Mon.tag,
Mittwoch u. Freitag vorm. l 1 : 12
tf i
- m -
vWiiiti t&iJL w
" - r
VB'Klt iTri
augenscheinlich der Meschicklichkkit
(i.ilirn. nchulicn lurriu-u hurrfi die
liebelt, b;c II urcitiiii feit im Blute,
Wurzeln und .röuter bereitet, und
im Mebrauch.
direkt gclirscrt aus dcin Lnbatk,uin va
lpf &t
l allls
Layrzeey Ssns Cs.
5liicaav. All.
'matr I
Buckwheai Cakes
I
The hol rural worid ts In a fer
ment of unrest, and there ls an un
pnrnlleled volume and intensity of de
termined, lf not angry, protost, and an
omlnoiis swnrming of occupatlonal Con
ferences, lnterest grouplngs, polltlcal
niovements and Propaganda. Such a
turnioil cunnot but anest our atten-
i..n inuni 1, .tofiiamla nur mrprlll
7, vu' ' like.'l'""-" ' """!.'I". am, that I,
study aud exan.ination. It Is not l.ke-, fj n)t ,IW(Mn sür the rwisonln ,.
ly that s!x Million iot anu rupsecuy
Indopondfin ,en have conie toether
and handed themelve into active
nnions, socifties, sann bureaus, and 0
forih, for no ulNcient cause.
luvcstiat'.on of tiie suhjoct conclu
ßively pnives that, whlle there Is luuch
oveisiatoinout of grievanies and tnls
conoeption of reiiieilies. tlie f armer
are riglit In coniplalning of wrongs
long endured, und riglit In hoiding that
It is sensible t6 relieve their III with
benelit to the rest of the corninunity.
This being tlie case of an industry
that contributes, In the raw uioterial
form ulone, ahout one-third of the na
tional annunl wealth productlon und
Is the ineans of livellhood of about 49
per cent of the population, It is ob
vious that the subject Is one of grave
concern. Not only do the fanners
tnake up one half of the nation, bul
the eil being of the other half de
pends upon them.
So long as tve have nations, a wlse
politeial econoiny will uitn ut a latge
degree of national eI-snUiclency and
self-conlainnel. Itoiiie feil when the
food suppty was to far removed from
the belly. Llke her, we shall destroy
our own nerlculture and extend our
ources of food distantly und precärl
ousiy, f we do not see to it that our
farmers are weil and falrly pald for
their Services. Tlie farm gives the
nation tuen ns well as food. Clties
derive their vltality and are forever
renewed from the country. but nn Im
poverished countryslde exports Intel
gence and retains unintelligence.
Only the Iower grades of mentallty
and character will remaln on, or seek,
the farm, unless agrlctilture ls capable
of being pursued with contentment and
adequate compensatlon. Ilence, to em
bitter and lmpoverlsh the farnier Is to
dry up and contaniinate the vital
ources of the nation.
The war showed convlnclngly how
dependent the nation Is on the füll
productivlty of the farms. Desplte
lierculean efTorts, agricultural produc
tlon kept only u few wecks or tnonths
aliead f conu,piin. und that only
by increasin' the arreage of certain
stabile crops at the cost of reduciny
that of others. We utght not to for
get that lesson wlien we potider on
the furnier' problcms. They nre truly
coniiimn prohlcnis. and there shoulil
he n.i attcpipt In di'al with them a-
lf they wi'ie pnri'ly selllsli doinan,K
of a ,1,'ar cat grp, antagonixtic t"
tlie rest of tlie i-omniunity. Hatlici
should we consider agrloiilture in tln
li;r!it of hroad national policy, ju-!
11 s we ronsider oll. conl, steel, dye
stulTs, and so fort h. as sinews of na
tiniial strengtli. Our growing popuhi
tion and a higher landard of livinp
dem.ind increaslna food supplles, nrii!
innre woni, cotton, liMe, nnd the rest
With the dlKippcnrance of free 01
rlicap fertile land, ndditional acreg
and in, reasi'il yields enn come only
from i-ostly oiTort. This we need not
expoct from nn Imnnverislied or nn
D
hnppy rural pcpulntion.
It will rrnt do l taUe a narrow vle
of tlie rural dlscontent, or to appralse
It from the stnndpoint of yesterdn.v
This Is peculinrly an nge of llus and
Chance und new denls. Beenuse n
thing ahvnys has been so no longer
ineans that It is rlghteous. or alwnys
tdia'.l be so. More, perhaps, tlian ever
liefere, there I n wldcsprend feelin
that nll human relath.ns can he Im
i na, ,,. ,(.V(, hjs (h,sliny .irK,.v
! (.,.m,.(. naiural in, i,i,nce.
to
I'rudent and orderly ndjustniont 1
productlon and distriluition In aecord
ance with ,.'onsui,i,,tioN is rccognl.ed
as wlse manaenicnt in every business
liut that of fiiruilng. Yet, I venturc
l" say, tiiere is no other industry In
which it Is so Import am to tlie pub
lic to tlie city-dweller that produc
tion should he siire, steady, und In
creasing, and that distributlon should
he In proportlon to the need. Tlie im
organled fanners natui aily et blind
ly und linpulsively and, In conse
liuence, surfeit und ilcarth, ncconipa
nied by disconcerting price-vuriatlons.
harnss the cousuiner. One yenr pota
toes rot In tlie fields hecause of excess
productlon. and there Is 11 scarcity of
the thlngs tliat have been dispiace,!
to niake way for tlie expanslon of the
potnto acreage; next year the punish
ed fanners tnass their fields on soine
other crop, nnd poln toes enter the
class of luxuries; and so on.
Agrlculture is tlie greatest nnd fun
dainentally the rnost Import ant of 0111
American Industries. Tlie eitles are
but tlie branches of the tree of na
tionnl life. the roots of which go deep
ly Into the land. We nll (loiirlsh or
decline witli tlie f armer. So, when we
of tlie eitles read of the present nnl
versnl distiess of the fanners, of 11
lump ,,f six hiilion dollars In the farm
vnlue nf their crops in a slngle year.
of tl.eir inalilllfy to meet niortgnge or
to pny eurrent bills, and how, eeking
relief from their llls, they are plan
ning to form pools. Inaugurate fiinir
erb' strikes, und demund legislution
aholishing gruin exchnnges. private
cattle markets, and the llke, we ought
not hnstily tu brand thein as conomic
heretics and highwaymen, und liurl at
them the Charge of being eekers of
speclal privilege. IZather. we should
ask lf their trouble ls not ours, and
see what can be done to linprove the
Situation. I'urely from sclf-interest.
lf for no higher motlve, wo should
help them. All of us wiint t, g't huck
peniüiiiently to "normalcy," bm is i
reiis,ia,le to I.ope for that coii,Iil!,,n
tmless our greatest and most husic in
dustry can he put 011 u Sound nnd solid
permanent fiu,lati,n? The fanners
nre not eiuitled to special privileges;
liut are they not right in deiuandin
that they he placed on on eqiial foot
ing witli the buyers of their products
nnd with other Industries?
n
I.et us, then, consider soine of the
farmer's grievances, and see how far
they nre real In dolng so, we shouii.
reineiiilier that, whlle there have been,
and .-still nre, Instances of purposeful
nbuse. the suhject should not be 11p
proached with nny general linpiitation
to exlstlng distributive ugencles of de
Iiberately intentlonai oppression, but
rather with the Conception that the
Marketing of farm products has not
been' inodernized.
An nncieiil evll. nnd n iierslstem
one, Is the undergrading of farm prod
uets, will, the result that what the
fnrniers seil 11 s of one quallty ls re
sold as of n higher. Thut this so,-, of
rhicanery should perslst on nny im
imrtnnt scale In these days of busl
liess Integriiy would see, 11 almost In
creilible. but there is milch evidence
that it does so persist. Kven ns I
write, the newspapers an uoiince the
Suspension of several Hrms fron, tlie
! New York I'roduce Exchange for ex
, ,
Iortt."g .,, !e,-iuavy as .o. i wheat
whole shipload of grossiy inferior whent
inlxed with oats. cliaff und the lilce.
Another evll Is that of Inacciirate
welghing of farm products, which, It
Is ohurged, Is sometlnies matter of
dlshonest Intention and sometitnes of
protectlve policy on tlie pari of the
local buyer, who fenrs that ho may
"welgh out" more thun he "welglis in."
A greater grievance s that at pres
ent the Held farnier hns llttle or no
control over the tline nnd conditlons
of Marketing bis products, with the
result that he ls often underpaid for
lils products und usuiilly overcharged
for Marketing Service. The differ
ence between what the furnier re
ceives n,I what the consiniier pnys
often exceeds all possibility of justl
fientlon. To cite n single Illustration,
l ast yenr. nccordlng to slgures attest
ed hy the raiiway nn, the trowers.
(ieorgla wnteniieloii raisers reccived
on the mi'rage 7.0 cems for 11 melon,
tlie railroads go( 12." cents for carry-
ing It to I'.altlinore und ihe consumer
pnld one dolhir. leaving 70S cents for
the Service of Marketing nnd Its rlsks,
as nga!n-;t 20.2 cents for growlug and
trnns,,, tiiig. Tlie Hart uinuiis ut
No.
LOOKING
Mankind, alter passing through the
stonc agc, the bronzc age and tlie
varying phases of civiliation now
faces the dawn of a new j-ra. Thomas
Edi.son, in a recent interview, dcci.ir,
that wc have entcred into the Agc of
Chcmistry and the rcmarkahle achieve
incnts of laboratory workers serve to
suhst.mtiate this statcnicnt.
It is (lilticult to proplusy how great
will be the coiitriimtion of chemists
to our proS'.-nt civilization, but so
niucli has been arroniplished and so
great is the cxpcctnncy that it is evi
dent why thoululul inen arc insist
ing that tlie pnblic slioul'l be awak
ened to a füll Knowledge of the signili
cance of ihr sciener 01 its national life.
The synthetie chetnist has betn ablc
to proilucc practicaliy all neecssary
war Materials and thousaiuls of arti
cles invahiablc in pc.iec times, niostly
from coal lar, but it has only touched
the fringe of its ultimate developinent.
Synthetie foods and substanecs so
deadly as to niake war itupossiblc may
be expected from the rescarchers.
Edwin E. Slosson, in liis splendid
book, "Creative Chemistrv," quotes
one of tlie greatest Freticli chemists,
Rerlhclot, as follows:
"The proldem of food is a cliemieal
probiern. The day will come when
cach person will carry for bis nour
ishment bis little nitrogrtious, bis pat
of fatty butter, bis packagc of starch
or sugar, nis viai ot aromatic spices,
T7-! , 1 hiiueii 10 1113 yer-
WjAI sonal taste; all
X-r-' J . 1 C. . . ,
111a11u1.it lurco. cco
omically and in un
liniited quantities;
all independentof ir
regulär seasons and
all free from patho-
gcnic nncrobes, the
origin of epidemics
and the enemics of
human life. On that
day chcmistry will
have accomplished
world-widc revolu-
tion that cannot be
(Kelcased by the Institute es
farm-llfe are replete with such eotn
mentarles on the erudeness of pres
ent practlces.
Nature preserlbes thut the fnrniers
"goods" must be slnlshed wlthln two
or three tnonths of the yenr, whlle
flnnnclnl und stornge llmltntlons gen
erully conipel hl in to seil them nt tjie
sanie 11 nie. as u ruie, otlier Industrie.
nre In n contlnuous process of llnish
Ing goods for the markets; they dis
t filmte ns they produee, ,,d they can
curtail productlon wlthout too grent
injury to thcinselves or the comiiiu
nity; but lf the farnier restricts hs
oiitput. It Is with disnstrous conse
qpences, both to hlinself und to the
'oiiiniunlt.v.
Tlie nveraue farnier Is busy with
productlon for ,e ma.Ior part of the
yenr, and has notbing to seil. The
bulk of bis oiitput coiiies 011 Mi; mar
ket nt once. lieenuse of lack of stor
11 ge facilities aml ,,f flnancial snppori.
Ihe farnier cannot cn, , y bis goods
throitgh the year and IIpose ,,f i,cin
as they nre cm rent.ly needed. In tlie
gre t majority of cuses, snniiers have
to entrüst stornge In wa, ehoiise nnd
elevators and the linan, lal carrying
of their products to others.
Farm products nre generally ,1,11 r
keted nt n tinie when Miere Is n Con
gestlon of both transportation nnd
llniince when enrs und inoney re
scarce. The outcome, In inatiy In
stnnees. Is that the fanners not only
seil under pressure, and thorofore nt
n dls.'ohantnge, but nre eompelled to
tnke further reductioiis In net returns,
In order to meet the chnrges for the
servlee of storlng. trnnsporting, tlnnnc
Ing, and ultlmntc mnrketlng -whld,
chnrges they clalm, nre often exces
sive, bear rieavlly on. both consumei
and producer. nnd nre under tlie con
trol of thosc perfonulng the Services
It Is true thut they nre relleved of
the rlsks of a changlng market by
selling at once : loit tliey nre qulte will-
Ing to tnke tbe unfavorable cliance.
If the fnvorable one also ls their und
they can reiain for thenisclves 11 pnrt
of the servlee cluirge.s that nre uni
form, in good yenrs und bad, with
high prices nnd low.
Whlle, in tbe uiiiln, the farnier must
seil, regardless of market conditlons,
at the tlme of the niatiirity of crops,
be cannot suspend productlon In toto.
Ile must go 011 p, oducing f he Is to go
on living, and If tbe world Is to exist.
The rnost he. can d is to curtail pro
ductlon a litlie or alter Its form, und
that hccHU.se he Is in the durk as to
the probable demand for his goods
mny be only to Jump from the frylng
pan Int the llre. taking tlie consuiner
with htm.
Fven Ihe dalry farmers, whose Out
put Is not seusonnl, compluln thut they
find theinsel ves 11 1 11 disndvantage In
the mnrketlng of their productions,
especially raw milk, hecause of the
high costs of distributlon, which they
must uliltnntely br-nr.
(To be continued)
V'l'jichtisi. Wie siehst Xu n
ai'iilliil) mit Toincr Sdiiuifncnnüt
icr?
O. jfll'plwinich sliiSslCjcictjiirt!
U.'öiicr las; ich fit mir freilich nicht
foiiuucn!
TvJ
kiäSS
h&'.MLl
VjC&Mi-a
Mv&J
wz
imn
mm
UtK KrT-
VIII
FORWARD
estimated. There I
will 110 longcr be
hüls covered with
vincyards and lields
with cattle. Man Vjjft
will gai'n in gen,tle- Fnf.fl
ness and nvorality
because h c will
cease to live by
carnagf and de
struction of living
creatures. The
Uf-
arm will De cov
ls?.'vXr?Jb:t,
ered with
Krass.
woods ! -Üit 1
tlowers and
and 111 it the hu-
man rare will dwell in the abundonce
and joy of the lependary age of
gold."
So mtich for poace. Now consider
the prophecy of General Dcbency, of
the Ereiich army:
"Colorlcss, odorless gases will be
discovered tliat can be Condensed into
inlinitcly small compass and solidified
into tablcts and pills. Already we
know something of what the estect
of these things will be. Scatter the
Contents of a few small boxes on the
ground and a dense, smoky mist will
arisc, a deadly sog fatal to everythinp
living within its arca. Broad bt Its of
territory may be poisoned for weeks
at a tinie by a few drops of gases
poured out hcre and there a few drops
at a tinie. Against the attacks of air
ships barrages of gases which will
bring instant death to the pilot will
be launched. The air will be fitted
with anibushes and snares. On land
air-tight gas tanks will be used in front
of the infantry detectinjf hidden gaies
and dcluging the ground with an an
tagonistic liquid."
Organic chemical factorie, dye
plants and others, are truly arseiate
in disguise. The will of man can si
lently convert these pcaceful factories,
where research is constantly gaing on,
into gigantic bulwarks of national de
fense becausc of the deadly mstro
ments of war they are able to produk
American Business, New York)
Wc bic Cs)incfcn ihren Tlirr kochrn.
Tct ber Chincsf Weber im .our
noch in Gt'sfllschast oljm1 sciuni e
liclitou Tff sein fium imb dt'ch itidit
üln'rnlt sofort alle Ziithutc'ii zu foiiu-r
orcitima zur Vcrfiijiiinn ftdini, so
iültrt i-r ftote ein Tee ii nuo To,
obor nuMin rr ri'ich, oii-j Wolh In'i
sich, clu'iiso ciiint Voitttl soll Totl'liit
icr, iio in, lu'bni'f 0$ nur cinor
Mk'iniasi'it fochi'iibi'ii Wo i irr?, mit
iiil) ioiin'ii XfoLu-t runf selbst lu'reifen
zu sönnen, ie mürbe er sich bnbei
eine Wosser bebieneu, ineldie schon
Hindere .;eit am Leiter neitnnben hat.
sonbern er niiiunt ,311 jebeni Äni,is',
srinhe, flore, lebenbe" Wosser,
ni'e er e nennt, dringt e ichnett
,'iü .iodien, brüllt über ba Tee
C'i, läi;t bieie liödiiien . Ä'in
ten ein,zieben nnb zieln e biinn
schnell 01, ber !Iüssisifeit. bie er
oline ;iuh'X trinft. Xer teeto)f,
ivelche er im .VHuise 311111 Bereiten
seine yieMiuartetrnnfe benutzt,
wirb uienui! oiievoschen, sonder!:
nimmt für ihn ein Berti, zu. je
bimfler nnb bichter ber b rönne Stic
berschlaa nnb Inseitz in seinem In
nern wirb. Ter einfoebe Weinn her
wen bet lninpl sächlich irbene nnb Por
zelliintopse znin Teebereiten, nur der
reiche Chinese priinlt ,iern mit sil'
bernen nnb goldenen Teesonnen. zn
denen sich nenerbiini mich ?llii
nnmleinnen gesellen.
Bei besonber sesllichen Gelegen
heiten eiber wirb ber Tee fein ge
pulvert, mit Piiuibuslöbchei im
tochenb überbrühten Wosser geonirlt
nnb nun ohne Zucker mit dem seinen
Salz ein henkelloseii lassen getnni'
feit, bie zwischen zwei Wiinben einen
,oliIniuni onfiveiseii, wodurch sie vor
beut Zuleiszwerbeii gesäiiitzt sinb.
-Abonnirt auf das Bolioblatt.
frank j fjEumanii
knimmilsiiiiiS'ßnltsmnnii
Händler tu
Heffiiger, imi u. Z'roduKtcn
YSchster Markiprei, bcjnblt
für frinprkuk.
Phone 1"2. ,
Geschiist5platz au ber ie Ttraszc,
ihtid) von f. W. Och5'.ier'5 Furage.
?MW
Mm
mm$m
iä&
Äfk
jvJi iJJ
4y?mm
vV
Uif
m iv li'.i mtk

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