JOS. A. JuDMONDS. H.T.JESSE.
EDMONDS & JESSE.
REAL ESTATE AND LOAN AGENTS,
Fire and Tornado, Life
UOSIE MONEY TO LOAN.
A NEW DEPARTURE!
THIS DISCOUNT COUPON ENTITLES
each Cash Purchaser to ft Discount of
5 per cent on any purchase not exceeeding $' 0
3 25 00
2 per cent on any aints- ahovo this, barbed wire and nails excepted.
J. II. SG'VDEtf, Lexington. Mo.
CUT THIS OUT!
and place it carefully iu your pocket
book, a it ia
JUST THE AS THE CASH,
' our prices being lower than any in Lexington.
W want all the Cash trade we can get, ami therefore ofler this Premium.
WK ABK HKADQUABTEBt FOB
HARDWARE, STOVES. TINWARE, W00DENWARE.
Refrigerators, Gas and Gasoline Stoves,
Iat. but not leant, carry the Largest Assortment ot Vehicles in the
oounty. Catalogue mailed on application.
We are offering a bi gstock of everything in the
Paint Line, such as
WHITE LEAD-BEST QRAOES,
MASURY'S LIQUID PAINTS,
1-2 to I gal. cans,
MASURY'S RAILROAD PAINTS,
In ?5 pound cans,
NEALE'S CARRIAGE PAINTS,
In pints and quarts.
With these you can re-paint your Buggy, Cart or Spring
Wagon very nicely and at little cost.
A full line of Varnishes, Hard Oils and Shellacs; also Win
dow glass, singleand doable strength.
j,. We will make very close prices on these goods and ask
a call. Very Respectfully,
CHAS. W. LOOMIS,
SIX THOUSAND ROLLS OF ,
All Styles, Grades and Quality.
Prices to suit the Poor and Rich.
MY LINE OF
is complete and the
CHEAPEST IN TUB MARKET.
Call and examine. No trouble to
Orders solicited for all kinds of
Sheet Music, Magazines, Periodicals,
etc. Will receive prompt and careful
attention. Prices Guaranteed.
E. G. LOOMIS ""tore.
Main St., Opp. Poi t office.
JONES, OUR NEW CANDIDATE,
takes an early morning start, determined to extend his acqnalntanco. The
lllastratlon above trulblu'ly picture hitn at we saw him in the evening earnestly
HoitiD( voles. Out we will draw the curtain, leaving Jones to the enjoyment
ol the hour, aud the bystanders to feed upon the honey of bis eloquence, while
we remind oar readers that we make a specialty of mpplyinn families with
PURE. UNADULTERATED LIQUORS
tor medical and family purposes. Should yon need anything in our line,
remember we can tnrnisn yon ih a strictly "straight" article cheaper than
spy other dealer In LAfayete comity.
WII01..8AI.K AND IIKTAII,
SPRING HAS GOME!
AND WITH IT TUB RKTUKN OP TBK
EXCELSIOK PAINT CO.,
' PROHLB. '
AtOlfa WHY VOU .MOULD UBS IT!
1.1. HMauM tatd tor iW yiire.
4,1 HeeauM w. take a .build" roof and per
cJt it maklns it water and lira proof, preierv
lM lbiKr aid makins 11 iMt aa Ions aa two
attaoraawad ablnsli-a. . .
id We atop all l-aka In a tin roof and make
It aa food a tbe and ol all year aa oommon
Mint wilMeae It at two par
PtV. TU. work done In re lu.t year glrca per-
ftS, MlsMM c;p, w D R fc, ,.tollBtf
CUrk William B. rjleele.t Jamr-a Peak. I. J.
asautMHaTl'M W IU . OU11UI I r., nimi " " "
UoWany, JdK Blobard Ifleld. 8. U
worth anl omura.
TstS. At. work a-oaranUMd.
Any Irak, oi
JtSSirCn -"l "IVr'lr a. John Young.
jnlt lor Atlaaoun and Kaoaaa.
and Accident Insurance.
Office in Meng's New Building
DEBENTURES FOR SALF,
rpilB MI.MHirl Trust Company, loealrd at
1 nrdnlia, inniriMiraled unUnr (lie law. of alia
aourl,wilb aeafb capital of t'juo.nud all paid
up. auu oab iirU of oyer one uiillMin dollara,
i.Hiie. tu own bond In lumi ol SIUU,
;iw. : and Si, butt, payable in fly. and ten
tears, with eix per cent. enil annual interest
nou pons attached.
Tneie bond, are called Debenturea and are
enured by II rat moriftuae loana on Ml.aouri
larms. worth from toS tlmea tbe amount
loaned IheriHin. Tbiae morlgaffea are heal by
Hue- troaiee. a. a .peolal guaranty fund, to
secure the prompt payment ol theae Booda or
D'brnlurea l..ird by le MiMaurl Trust Coiii
ManlTHr Ihene Debenture, for .ale at par, in
auiii. of $MK, i"0, S'fNi, Sftuu or Sl.ouo. No
safer investment can lie made. To person uav
inr biiisM iiioii lo inT-., these bond, are very
i le I mole and easily handled without any ez
prnse. Call at our oltlre and fee the lli.nd. and
Kt further Information. .
Hpr&lfitJ K WIMSlXt A HUN.
II you want Dumber one bam, tboulder
and baouo, try Bouf at Bon's own country
eiirad.' Tbey ars tine. ' to22tf
L. R. KAUFMAN.
U HTIHI 1KEII. JBV'BLER
Repatr.nsr of Watches. Clocks. Jev
elry, oto , A Specialty.
All Kinds of Comphoated Work
WAlrulinH 1 a I n a .
f "'!" n" thanking my many friend
4. ul t.nr.lir aim aurrounding iioiintry lor their
iry iiueral patronage extended to me ilurlnii
m-ven year ol '.iii.inriM h.n. i ....
i'lenl"liing my Block lor tha Spring Trad., for
.......... . iiyiiiK fiH.il. mereov L.klnir .vcrv
ulvanlHgii iu clour buying Won I J any lo on'i
mU all whi'ii vou are iu wuntof
or any ainu
IATH, SHINGLES, FENCING, &c,
please give me a cull.
Lumber in round Iota to contractor, or bulld
rs at epecial price. J. M 1,1 VKNUOOI).
J. A. WILSON
MAKKS A SI'KCIALTY OF
aiiSNT FOB THE rOLUlWINd riKBT t'I.88
OF NKW YORK,
Of- NEW YORK,
or II a RTFSHD
. Ml & NINTH ST.,
ARB FRKPARED TO po
HI KINDS 09
Turning, Planeing, Scroll Sawing,&c.
We also keep coiutanlly on band
Stair Banisters, Newel Posts,
Walnut Coffins, &c.
Metal io and ,Wooden Burial Cases
Always on Hand.
Tni-y rt-Hpci fully aak the ai.n.ition or all ti
die arllolea ol th.lr manuiact.ire plnlKlng Ibeiu-trlvt-a
to aell aa obaau as audi
WINKI.BU rUUUITUHK COMPANY.
Cooking & Heating
AND Maom acturer of Tin
Iron and Copper War.
Uooflog and EepalrlDf
ALL WORK WARRANTED
Prices at Had Book, and all Uoodt
a repreaeoed , or 00 aalS.
call and ezamina Stock and Prlos.
itlorr purobialoc alaewbaro.
Kf Don't Forget tb. Flaoalg
BARGAINS ! !
ANOTHEH UltAND BAKQAIN
Sio aorea eholoe ilnli land, smooth and level,
all In eulli'ailou and grass, no belter stock
and grain farm can be found In the oounly;
located in western part of Lafayette county ,
Mo., Iihi fruit trees, rail, hedge and plank
lence, stream ol running water, frame dwel
ling two atones, six rooms ami two halls,
and two good erflurs, three miles lo railroad
alatlon anil depot land very rich and easily
cultivated; sold for division; poeseraion
anytime Price S4U per acre a grand bar
gain and a rure chance for purchaarr. Terms
eaay. Apply to
f. WlalHuB A SON,
Heal Klaie, Loan A Insurance Agent.
. Lexington., Mo,
VACANT 1 "TP-CIIKAP-
We havealirge nainhorof Vacant !ota In
lxlug'An for eale, cheap, at prlcea i suiting
I rum SMI to Sl.oixi. The buibling a-aaun
having oommrnceil, now ia the time to buy
theae lota, as Ibey will be higher as ths .tu.
aon advance. K. WINbUB ft ttOa,
ileal o.ia A Ji'8:rJcu Agenta.
i l.tn'mimn, Mo-
W. K. BRUMS,
PURE HAND -(HIM
I in tbe Central
China Record, i
Address: W. 11. Bruo.
1 TT'JKNK Y AT
CAW. Will nrncllcu in hi
V,'R tn ! l...u. . . " .....,.
ii.Ti.. u i-iiirusu-n to my cure
... -...oU. ,,, K over Trigg Shield 'i
i TTORNKY-AT-I.AW. W illgive prompt at
il lvnllun toall business ..nirusied to bis euro
Will practice In all the courts, except the l"ro.
ate Oouritt I, ainyciie county . ili -.ivl
A I IUKNKY AT LAW. Will practice ill all
,us nut. iinii ivoerai coiii'Ih. rronipt ulli n
lion lo collections, eiuiiilnnlion of Inn. I titles
writing legul liiil. nlnr.s. An. UlUce iu Inii'lli-
gencer uuiidina froiit room nmy-ii.
J. U. BHKWALTKII, I S. N. W 11. Hi IN.
Lexington and I Public Aduunislralor
Kansas uuy. and Noturv Public,
N II KW'a I.TEIl 6l W ll.SO,
ATI'lKNKlS-AT-bAW, l.exinKlon, Mo.
I) bewaller huving opened nn ollic
Kansas City (Ameriosn Bunk llulliliinr. Kiuhih
I'ciaware), will be In l.t-xiuglon on Suiur-
my oi each weea. Uecill'
BMST C. WALLACK. WU. 11. ClllLKh
W4Ll,AtJE H. CHILES,
A 1TORNKYS AND CUHN8KLI.UB8 A'l
ITV Caw. lyxinirton. Mo. Ollliu- Irnnl moot
yer ine "ijexiuKton Savlr.g Bank," oppoaita
uieoourinouse. v in prar.iid in tbe courts ol
wi'i sui ollllulll coiiuiirs, anil also in
uaaupreiu vouriol Hie stHle ol Missouri, and
ue U. 8. Circuit and District courts lor tbe
Yeateru 1 strict ol Missouri.
II. J. DltULCV,
A T TO It N K Y AT-1, A W , lligglusville,
ix. tiii practice in
ull tbo siule and frderal
urts. Prompt alU'Olion given lo culled Ions.
dxaminaiious of laud titles, writing legul inilen
mres, etc. Ciiuiih money at a low rule ol iuier-
isl, wrilea Insurance pulioies iu siandunl coin.
paiiles, and. III luct, ulleuus lo nil kinds of
uusiniss In general. OiIIiik over lilobe t.'loth-
ng House. lllgginsvlHe. Mo lipili I
rLout;Nt:t; is. iiarii'ak, hi,- .,
JtOMCKOl'ATIIlST. Women and Cbllilren's
I Diseases a stieciulty. UlHcu on Franklin
Vveuile. opposite courtliuuae. aprilmS
DR. HIXLINUrOK AUAITIS.
A8 UKMUVKD bis olllce to Parlor It. Mid
land Hotel, Kansaa City, Mo. Brrors ol
iuiruotion und Accomodalioii of tbe Ke cor
eoted, either 1V tbe adaplalion of Biiiluble
lasses or by proper medical treuliiirut iuvnr.1-
mg tu tbe requireuieoM of lha case.
rraetioe umileu lo tne treatment ol Acute und
lironio Affeclious ol the Kye. Kar. Nuse ami
Ibroal, and the 8clenlillc A(hmuistiulu.n ol
lilectrlcily in Clirnio Diseases.
Munilaya devoted exclusivvly lo the trealmenl
1 1 alien is living outside ol Kansaa City.
HAS8KLL. D. D. S.
front rooms over Commercial
tank, opposite tbe CourlbouseJ
exmgion, no. mnijtt
DR. J. W. mEHU,
j lue oourinouse.upslaira.
DH, J, J. II EE It,
SUBUBON DEN TI-VT, bus oiened
0 olllce over the Ciisyelle Coun-
.v Bank, next door to Dr. Tucker.
mills now ureuare.l to do all kindH m
Special allennou given to the lilting ol leelh uui
ne masing oi ariiuoiai iieiuures. tiring your
icuing wem and nave mem extiaoted withoiiL
nam by the use of nitrous oxide. 8ulislucliuii
guaranteed iu every case. Lexington,, Mo
TAUBMAN, Puss. W. II. CIIILKS, V-P
B. It. 1BKLAMU. Cauiiikh.
PAID VI CAPITAL, 8T.1.O0O.
BU8INK8S ON A LIIIKRAL AND
LOCK TEKIIONS, JAMKS F. OATHON,
JAOOU O. CilHNU, IIOUKMT TAIIUHAN,
UKO. W. JOHNSON, WILLIAM II CIIILKS
B. K. IIIKLAND.
MORRISON WENTWORTH BANK
I If 11,1. do ageneial Banking business; Duying
ft and tielling i.onds, Uold and Exchange.
t)Posits received, oullentlona made and
urorrptly remitted for at rurrent rates of ex-
UIh rat aocommodutions to Uegular Customers
8 O. WKNTWOBTU.Prest.
K riKI.D. Vice-President,
WM. MollKISON. Cashier.
BANK OF HIGGINSVILLE,
Capital IDfuc, $?ft.OOO.
W. U. NBALB. I'nas. Chah. IIOKPBU. Cash.
W. U. NCAI.S,
J M. AHMSNTIIOUT.
W. W. HOIITIII.'UTT,
J. O. JONBS,
i). r. HuaiiHBR,
J. V. WOODS,
Do aUeneral Itanljltir Business In (.nuns, DIh
counts, Bxuhanue and Deposit. aMI
JOSEPH U. LEW IJ El' II.
AND LOAN AND INSUItANCB AIJK.NT
J Abstracter and Conveyancer, Cexinglnn,
i Money to loan on Improved larms in I.u-
ayetteanil adjoining rounllea, at lowest tales
of Interest wlib privilege or paying part or all
of principal belore maturity.
No delay, no red tape. Money always nn
Dao.i. vvriie me lor leruis. mcbUvl
CENTRAL FEMALE COLLEGE
II 7 1 1. 1. HKUIW ITS 'JIST 8BS-
Fl 8ION on 8epteinper a, lhU.
with a lull faculty of accomplish
ed teachera, and all the ilepnrt
wenla Ihoroughly organized, Cit
erary, 8clentillc, Mulo ami Art.
Madame Bdouard IIH will have charse, aa
uirectress, oi ne music MeparilNeni.
t'or Catulogue giving terms and oilier Infor
ma Kin, apply to Ibe president.
JuneVUlf A. A. JONi:x,
LEXINlsTON, : MO,
If II.1TAUY BQADiNU SCHOOL
ill. Non-sectarian,' but under
Cbristian influence. Preparation
for business. 'West Point or College.
Terms more reasonable than those
ofanyacbool of the same kind In the
Next session beains September 11. For Cata
logue address '
SANDtOUD SELLERS, M A.
V choice stock of our own growing
Kill I assortment ol old ami .w ....
Fruit Trees Sma'l FruitGrapeviiies.
tvergreens, Shade Trees; Flow
'ering ShrubJ,Rose.. Aspar
Apple Trees.selecl. 3 vr. t-ft ft i in (hi pr liKj
Apple I rees. select, it vr. ft II II i , ru. !..
Peach Trees, select. I yr. 4-ii It."." .", 'iHI .
Pear. Cherry and Plum, af. lo.Mi cent , neb
Pricea on other slock reiluce4 tn ,iori,
Nursery oulv a lew liumlr d iir,i,.;. .. .....
t ledi pot. on the site o Die old M,,.-i. u.. ..."
Usliapleagcpl wmiiIii, lulv.Vvl
TKf'HNfr.K Ac AIH-I,. I,p.
rdfiKKN IIKADoe-HTOl K llOliW
aiso i wo nruo.i atures.
!. L. Ml n lie I.I
T"KKK """'HA. YBAitl.lMi
' IIOKT-IIOKN Hill. I M u.,,1.
e BHD T. BATES,
J1"1 Hales Clly, Mo.
fit) 1'1-lllH Will I, ..I.. I. .......
strictly III ii.lvniu-e torn loll n.r.
Alkx. A. Lksueur, - - - - Kditub
Ethan Allen . - - liuaiNEss Manaoei .
CiiiminalCoiih. First Monday ul March uui
1'iiiiHtTs ;ihiiit Mecond Momlavs ... 1...1.
ruury, ,MHy August snd November.
l.iniM v U011 ill' First Monduv in cUc, moiitb
WUIiS UN InL UUAL UEDS OP T.A.
FAYLTTE OOUHTY. "
PREVIOUS lib Hini WOHK
" i; iTK CUUM'.
ft. , . .
1 iiu tfcoiooy tu IjuIhvgIIo rnimiv l.
nut ULX'll ominuclcil v Hlllll i. .l
ecriiimi tiveil 10 mo extent that olhi-r
COIIIIII08 Ol lilt! hlaln llMVl nn.Uo.l
ticatiuont by tl.e earlier ueoloii.-ni
Htirveys. Alioul all Hint I ill a Iki.n.i ....I.
1 - , . , - .x-. . 1.1,17-
......... , uuuiaiiiuu III inn li'inii-1 i.l ll.n
Keolot;' ol north wcHtctn MiRHOini l.v
Cr. C. ISroaillieaiJ. in 1 1 11 .1...
. 1-.... ... i,
ICIIOI't Oil 1I-OI1 OleH Hllll '! fi..l,lu ..I
Is72; Homo fourteen pagcH, in the iirnt
tiart ot thin renoi l. rrfm- i.m,., ,,.i......
ot IjalaycitocouHtv.aiid matter rolatini;
to it 18 alrio louud iu a Uozon or more
other naieg sr.nl ion. ii n,..,..,..i. ,1...
eporr. iln; iiiloi'iiiiiiinii iimu ;
Jui tber.ncithcr connected nor complete!
but coiiBifcU larjelv of clo8i:riiili..iiH .,1
outcrops sections and records found hi
various locaiiiies and derived Iron,
various no 11 ices.
efjoi'K or pres'ent work.
The systematic work which is now
II plOtricsH in Ihe con 11 lv aiiiia 1,,
an exhaustive descriplion of its geoloty
ui a report illustraled by detailed maps
and sectioim. Tho iiiojjiess of Htit-.li
work la, however, neecBsarilv flow and,
pcndiiikr its comiilet ion ami iiiiiuiiuiii
to tho general plan of work described
u tho pi'eceilinir adminixiruiivit w. ...-!
Ibis brief article is prepar. d, relitting to
what is at present the most important
mineral product ot the county. It is
to be distinctly understood, however,
that tho coiiclusioiiH hero expressed are
uot filial, and are subject to ihn nwwiiti.
cations which tho results of ,l..iail,.,t
work may hereafter call for. Tina .In.
Hcnpiious and tho deductions are
almost entirely such as result from a
reconnolssance aud aro presented
merely to answer Immediate calls lor
iiformation while the detailed work is
TI1K HOCKS or LAFAYKT'l E COUNTY,
with the exception of a lew patches iu
the western portion, havo been referred,
by the geologists of the earlier surveys,
lo tho iniddlo coal measures. They
consist of alternations ot limostones,
shales, sandstones, clays and coal beds,
tho whole aggregating several hundred
loel iu thickness.
THE COAL BEDS OF LAFAYETTE COUNTr.
Iu this column ol rovks severui con I
beds occur. Of these, what is known
as tho Lexington coal bed i at present
ot greatest industrial importance. Iu
Ihe southeastern portion of the county,
however, in tho vicinity of Concordia
aud Aullvillo, another underlying bed,
known as the Mulky coal, is worked
and is there ol chief importance. Out
cropping ol other beds occur at
numerous localities where tho coal is
loo thin to bo profitably worked ; at
some places, notably above Waverly,
such coal is reported lo have been dug
into of considerable thickness, but Ihe
developments are not sutUcienl for one
lo predict the extent of the bed. Again,
at other localities, deep drill holes have
been put down in which thick coal beds
are reported to havo been struck; but
tho results from such deep drillings at
different places are coutlicting, and it
will take a closer study than this arti
cle purports to be tho result ot, a more
carelul silting ot facts, before the re
ported results ol eucli drillings can be
reliably judged ol.
TDK LKXIKUTON CO A . UKU
is situated geologically in tun neighbor
hood of TM teet below the lop of the
middle coal measures. Geographically,
it is included within the shaded area ol
tbo page plate map accompanying ihJH
articlo, and west of Aullvillo the out
lines ol this shaded area represent ap
proximately tho outcrop liue of this
bod, as provisionally defined. East ol
Aullvillo it rises higher abovo water
level and is found only near the hill
tops in comparatively limited patches.
Hypsouielrically, it is in such s position
that its outcrop is almost always above
the adjacent water level. It lies in a
gently undulating sheet, with a elighl
northwesterly clip, which cr ps out
along a sinuous lino 011 each sido of Ihe
main drainage channels.
THICKNESS OF THE LKXINIiTON COAL
ine uiicKiicss 01 tins bed w not very
variable, and a fair average ol its sec
lions is shown in tho plat on the accom
panying plate. ii the vicinity of Lex
mgioii 11 lui't'i'im me average by iwo
or three inches and in a lew localities
readies a thickness of two leet. West
of Lexington, along the river about
Wellington and Napoleon, tho coal is
about eighteen iuchos thick; iu the
vicinity ot lliggltisville and Corder it is
from seventeen to twenty inches thick,
and iu the vicinity of Odessa it is from
Ulleen lo sixteen inches thick.
THE MULKY COAL BED
Is situated, as far as wo cau judgo from
present knowledyo, at a very variable
diutanco below tho Lexington bed
In the vicinity ot Mulky creek, two and
a half miles southeast of Anllville, the
interval between tho two bods is Iu the
neighborhood of t.ity feet. About a
mile southeast of this point, it is annur-
ently nearer seventy feet; while, in the
vicinity of Anllville, concordant results
of two drill holes show tho existence ol
a bod below tho Lexington coal at a
depth of about 0110 hundred and titty
feel, which coal is tho only oiio in this
lection which could bo considered (he
equivalent ol the Mulky bed.
1110 exiHienco ami 1110 (iiuiniiiit ion ol
the Mulky coal is best determined iu
the vicinity of Aullvillo aud the out
line ot the shaded area east aud north
east of that place approximately de'.iues
;t 1:. .... 1'..- .... 1 1 .1... '
lis jiiiiiin, on mi Hq linn '.'iTtiii Vlvl HHIIOtl
by rccouiioissaiii-.r!. 'eat ol this, drill
hole rpconU or other results, ot deet
exploration are (00 scarce, and the
country hnu not, as yet, been surii
iiieutlv studied lor one to attempt to
define the distribution of this coal, or
cvoti lo assert its exigence or v.Uyeuce
over this area.
IHE TII'CKN.KS3 OK THE MUl.KY COAL
where t pened upon, is seen to bo very
nearly the sumo as that of the Lexing
ton bed. At three dillereut opcnhii's.
lew miles west ol Coucordia, the
thickucsrics measured were respective
ly: nioeleed innhes, I wenty-twojuches
uui) twenty 1iii Iic; at the Klliug shaft,
nearly tour miles west of Concordia,
the thicknct-H is reported to be between
twenty-two and twenty-lour inches.
study of the accompanying man
will show that the continuity of ibu
coat area is very much broken. (See
nole 111 tool ol iiitip ) 'I'nis i8 tine to
two causes. One is a cause t present
gafenigmar. 1 1 1 1
ouiclHl t'nnnty l'aif-r. - J? 5 H n 2
A.l..,l.. fW,,,,iHwlll SMiJ.jW3,$tHrfW n 1 5 - t X Q fl5l
MAY 17, 1800.
.,-., mux- .m in, 'nil, in 3 n ; vJ z v? f I
tft T1,'e',m,,a luis eosl area, it will bo noticed, are not marked iu places by
definite lines. Una, in gome cases, is becouso data havo not been obtainable
lor accorato definition, while elsewhere, especially in the eastern and north
eastern portions of the county, the wnrk of tbe survey has not yet progressed
far enough for closer delineation to bo attempted. progressed
iu action and, though extending back
lar into geologic time Is yet posterior to
the deposition or all the carboniferous
rocks in tho county; namely, the
process ot erosion along the lines of
flow ol the now existing streams.
THE SANDSTONE BELT. '
lint, iii addition to what may thus bo
caueu me erosion area of these streams
a sinuous strip of country, destitute of
coal, can be traced on the man from
the south line ot the county, near Tabo
post-oince, northwards through ilig
ginnville and Page City to the river.
In this strip, which In the vicinity of
lliggiusville, between one and two
miles broad, no Lexington coal bed is
ion nil. on the contrary, deep drill
holes have bceu put down hundreds of
feet into the ground here and have
struck nothing but sandstone auu
shales. It Is iu this strip that Ihe Mc
Causlaud farm drill bole, reported to be
eight hundred feet deep,- is located,
which is referred to on pago 42 of part
II of the report of 1872.
AUK OF Til K SAN DSTON K .
This sandstone is considered in tho
report of Xill, above referred to, to be
the upper sandstone of tho lower coal
measures, aud Its position has boeu
explained by considering it a protuber
mico of these lower locks. ICeceut
drillings and other developments,
however, furnish reasons for a modifi
cation of this view, aud the writer is
inclined to assign a later ago to these
saudstones than to tho adjacent coals
aud limestones. Tho strip above out
I ned has all the appearances of being
tbe site ot an ancient river channel,
eroded daring some brief period ot
elevation and afterwards tilled by
deposits ot Rand and liner material,
during a subsequent period of sub
mergence. Studies uow iu progress in
Johnson county, in the extension of
this lino, go to contirm this interpreta
tion, but sufficient facts have not yet
been accumulated lor it lo have been
accepted as Unal.uor for the age of such
erosion to have been determined. It is
presented merely as a promising work
iughypothesia, and criticism ot it will
be very welcome.
THE ('OA I.
The total coal
area of Lafayette
county, as shown on the
approximately four hundred
miles. From this figure au approximate
cellmate can bo made o (he coal tonnage
ot the county. Kor this purposo wo
will neglect those aroas of tbe Lexing
ton coal known to overlie Ihe Mulky
coal east of Aullvillo, and will throw
out of tho consideration any portion of
the Mulky coal bed which may underlie
the area west of Aullville. Thus tho
estimate will bo on the assumption ol
ouly one coal bed over the entire coal
area. Should the presence of the
Mulky bed west of the vicinity of Aull
ville be demonstrated later, very
great iucremetit lo this estimate of the
coal tounage of, tbe county will be
made. For the purposes of this esti
mate, wo will further assume eighteen
inches as an average thickuess ot the
coal over this area.
TOTAL AMOUNT OF COAL
On this basis, the total amount of
coal iu the county would be 009,000,000
Ions or about 2,000 tons per acie.
With the present methods of mining it
is probable that uearly bi) per cent, of
the coal i,u tlie grouud is excavated aud
shipped; but assumim? it o bo eveu
as low as 00 per cent , the gross value
of tho product from the above total
tonnage, at present market prices,
would be about 070,000,000.
TOTAL VALUE OK THE COAL.
Allowing a net profit of twenty-live
cents por ton (about one cou,t per
bushel), the total not pi out on this
amount ot co.l would bo in the neigh-boi-hooJ
of $ 100.000,000. On tho eame
assumption, Hie gross value per aero
of tho outaalued coal would bo in the
neighborhood of $2,500, wnila the net
value would be about $400 per acre.
The valneof the coal contents of such
land, based upon the present market
pricea of, (Ue satno substance, is thus
many times what the land Is valued at
lor farming purposes. Coal, however,
is a possession which is uot convertible
until excavated aud transported to
market, and, until this is done, it rep
resents just so much, capital lying idle
iu tho groiuut. Moreover, the coal ol
any oue tract otuuot be opened upon,
excavated and thus converted into
ready money in a short time; but tine
work will proceed slowly a,ud tho re
turns will come in gradually from year
to year, ''hus, if a, man owu a prop
erty of" forty acre", of which, according
t,o our calculation, the uot value of the
coal is $10,000, and it, he does not re
ceive any o (his 10,,ooo until the expi
raloii of Ultueu years, then the present
yaltieofhis laud Is n sum, which, at
compound Interest nt current rates.
will amount to Jilu.ruo in lilieiMi years;
this at 0 per cent, interest will bo about
! $0,700. The exact time when a man
may receive the full net value of the
coal contenls of his land depends upon
many Indefinite factors, such as tbe
growth ot facilities of transportation,
the demand for tho product, etc. It is
thus impossible to give any one value
per acre which will apply to all coal
lands, even though their coal contents
and the conditions under which it oc
curs bo similar.
THE COAL INDUSTRV.
For Lafayette county, however,
there is every prospect that the coal
Industry will iucrcase largely In the
near future, and tho developments will
probably be most active along and ad
jacent to the railway lines at present
constructed. This county stauds al
ready second in the state iu the amount
ol Its annual production, and tbe pro
duct for the year endiug June 30th,
18K9, was over 320,000 tons, with an
average yalue at tbo mine of nearly
$.037,000. This product is abont 14 per
cent, of the total lor the stale during
Ihe same period.
THE EXTENSIVE WORKING OF SO THIN
A BED IB REMAKKABLB.
The fact that, in this county, a coal
bed is worked, on a large commercial
scale and at considerable profit, which,
at the most, is very little over two feet
iu thickuess, and which is generally
considered less than this, will be to
many a surprising fact. In this coun
try coal less than two foot iu thickuess
has been ignored iu tonnage estimates,
aud when less thau three feet iu thick
ness has beeu considered of value only
when abovo water level and otherwise
favorably located lor cheap mining. In
the present case, not ouly is the bed
loss than two leet iu thickuess, bat it is
mined iu places by shafts nearly oue
hundred leet deep, out of which all
wa cr has to bo pumped.
In England coal seams less than two
feet iu thickuess are considered work
able on largo scales, and official esti
mate ot the workable coal of the
United Kingdom have included all beds
above oue toot thick, wHbiu a depth of
4,000 feet. That this couutry will.bef'ore
many years, approach England in
industrial activity cannot be doubted.
Tho practicability of workiug these
coal beds of Latayctto couuly uudor
preseui conditions iu a demonstrated
lact; with further industrial growth
we can, therefore, confidently look for
ward to a much greater development of
its coal interests.
CONDITIONS FAVOltINd MININU IN I.AFAX
The reasons which have permitted
Ihe mining ol this coal so far will apply
equally lo its development iu the
luture. UrliHy stated those are, first,
that it is generally above water level
and cau be opened by drifts or shallow
shut. s, nan be drained by natural Uow
or with siphons. This condition ol
the bed is well seen along the river
bluffs where tho coal crops out, gener
ally above tho level ot the railway, con
tinuously lor miles. Towards tbe in
terior, Ihe general north westerly dip of
tho bed, and consequent southerly rise,
tends lo maintain this rolatiou between
the pohitiou ot the beds aud the travers
ing drainago channels, so thai the coal
crops out at frequent intervals along
tho hill sides bordering the streams.
Further, among the conditions favoring
the mining of this coal, is tho preseuce
of an oxcelleut root which overlies it,
and the fact that the proportions aud
divisious of slate, between the ooal aud
tho limestone head rock, are such aa to
permit of miniug by a method similar
to tho long-wall, bv whioh almost nil f
the coal is excavated.
EN LAltUEMENT OF WOHK WILL
With mturo developments and en
largements of the industry, it is proba
ble dial coal will bo produced at a con
siderably lower cost than at present.
Mining is still carried ou bore ou what
would bo considered elsewhere a small
scale; cutting of the coal is doue by
hand und hauling in tho mines eillter
by man or mnlo power. With the in
troduction of suitable eoal cutters aud
wire rope haulago the cos! ol produc
tion will bo considerably reduced.
ANALYSES OF THE COAL.
No analyses or other tests of these
coals ol this comity have been made bv
In part I o tho report of 172 al
ready cited, analyses of six ot these
coals are given, which hw the follow
ing ranges ot coiLposUiou;
jya.lt;rr 5-r,at0 8B cent.
olulllu inalttr :4 Itt 42 Si5
Kixml caruou. :i!UiU fto'o4 '
Ai 5 14 " is.li
They are, thus, decidedly bituminous
coal8, somewhat high in water mid in
ash. Just what their capabilities aro
lor the purpose of coklny, was produc
tion or any other of the uws to. which
co: is put, cun not be rIm.,1 .;n,n,i
EEOEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES-
An ubstruct of tbe Receipts and Expendituies
v. i.aiuyeue county. Mo., for thirteen month
ending Januury 31. A. 1 ItnW:
C'ouuljr Revenue Fund.
To baln.no on hand December 31, 1S8S.S12.604
oieue. clerk.excess of raes,
To J W. lls.ril.on. collector
To J u. Worihlngum. collector
To C B. Daniel, circuit clerk, Jury
To X . Kylan.l, probate Judge, lury fee.
caiMiM si. court.
Petit Jurors ...
Wiluetsss belore grand Jury..
Costs in state esses ,
Sheriff's bills of fees cerlidedl
Clerk's bills of fees certified..
8uiplles and repairs ol Jail...
S 90S 57
Sheriff's certified bills..
Clerk's certllled bills
Stenographer's bills. ...
S 1.6.1? ID
8 ilary and mileage of Judges.
Clerk's lee bills, (grosa)
uuiuv auorney-s aalary gg go
County treasurer's salary i.auo ou
tkmnt, assessor's salary, balance l iao 6ft
ailur 7 ,0
Board of equalization and appeals.... 01 so
County 'a premiums at fair 67 00
Uas for county 173 So
ai tor county a
Ice for couuly M w
supplies for county 1 SW 93
uauiiBg ior county 13 qq
Elections 47 30
Care of town clock 'm so 00
Insurance on town clock 37 00
Repairs on county bulldlogs tea 90
Printing and printing; supplies j S3S go
Diseased stock jj on
transferred to road fund so 000 ao
Tranterred to poor bouse fond 3, SOU 00
Total 32.000 90
Total receipts ..
,. 43.687 17
Balance on hand 39,318 29
Poor Heuae Fund.
To balance on hand Dee 81, 1888 8
To J W. Han ison. collector
To J O Worlhington, collector
To W. P.Munro paid back by asylum
To tranaterred Irons county revenue)
. 8,118 80
Care or poor at county farm $ 1,044 88
Care of poor nt asylum 3,066 00
Supplies lor county farm gg go
Monthly allowances for poor 1.088 00
Conveying lo asylum' and ears 88 80
Inquests -g u
Salaiy of county pbysiciaa 64i 43
Ooal lot poor house. 48 00
Cofflus for poor as 00
Expenses al reform echo 1 30 00
ToUI 8.008 17
Total receipts g t U9 ,
Total disbursed 8.006 17
Ualanoeon hand, $
To balance on band Dec 31. 1888
To tranaterred from county revenue
To J. W. Harrison, collector
To J. U. Wortb ington. eoileotor. .
Bridges and approaches
Material, tools and overseers
Boad and bridge commissioner....
.. , 777 01
. 10,763 86
... 18,763 88
Balance on hand 9 sJ8 68
Davis Township Fund,
10 oaiance on bant.., 9 1.886 78
10 J. w . llerrteoB, eoileotor 3.137 71
To J. O. Wotaiugtou, collector 1. 771 72
. a, 7s 21
Bands bought and canceled.
Coupona, Interest paid ,
. 6,078 70
. (.208. 78
Total Disbursed. ...
Ualunce ou hand..
. 9.7S8 21
. 0.204 70
Freedom Township Fund.
To balanoe on hand Ieo. 31, 1888 8 9.b66 06
To.. W, Harrison, oolleolor 2.621 88
To. 1. 11. Wortbinglon, oolleolor 8.067 68
Total receipts 9 8,184 11
Interest coupons pald. . 8.016 00
Bon is and lutwwit bought 8,694 S3
T'UjiI liisbursriuenta 9 3,660 83
TJlal receipts 9 8,138 31
Total disbursements 6.eO S3
Balance ou band $ 2.483 Ui
Mlddleton Township Fund.
To balance Dscemuer 31. 1888 1,679 OS
To J. W. fiarrlson, collector f ,Z3f 81
To J. U. Wortlilngtoo, collector S.2B6 T
Total a ,jaof n
Interest coupons paid t 1,990 oa
htoud and interest bought snd cau
To,' 4.KS 4
Balance on hand...,
..a s.tos n
.. 4.t36 S
. I.9MI 84
County Hallread Fund.
To J. W. Harrison. collector...
Tela! receipt 1 a band
Lexington Township Fund.
Ti balance on hand Deo 81 , 1X88
. 1.049 78
.. 1S.S31 87
. 17.838 as
. 88.4(17 74
To J. W. HarrMoa.aoikaur
loJ.U Wortbiugios, col selor..
Bonds sad wit rest paid and canceled 7,998 88
Coupons paid , .,, 13.X30 00
. 90.488 08
Balance oa band 17,819 74
8nia-Bar township Fund.
c si era,
To balance on hand Dee. 81, 1888....
To J. W. Harrison, collector....
ToJ.U. Wortblngton, collector
Coupons paid $ 9,829 00
Total.... 1 j 4j 00
. ,483 80
. 9,829 00
. 8,641 88
Balance on band.
Washington Township Fund,
To balance oa hand Ceo. SI, 1888 $ 1.S7I it
W. Htrrleoa. collector.
.. 8.839 88
.. 7.839 19
.. 16.668 99
Q. Worthingtoa, eolieotor.
Bends and Interest bought.
. 9.079 60
. 8438 08
.0 8.919 60
ToUI receipts 1 9 15,858 99
Total disbursements..; 8.914 so
Balance on hand....: f 7,444 79
County Interest Fund.
To J. W. Harrison, eel lector
To J. U. Wortalaaton. eollaetor
Oa band Jan. 81, 1898.
To J. W. Harrison, eolieotor
To J. O. Wortblagtoa. eoileotor..
On band Jan. Sl.lKW...... ,
log Tax Fund.
To balanoe on hand Deo. II. last.. ...
.8 461 18
Transferred lo Bounty school fund... . 481 18
To balance oa hand Dee. '31, 1888.
To J. W. Ham on, eollector
...8 13.616 48
... 31.SU S3
... 42.889 88
...9 88.461 98
ToJ.U. Woruington, oolleolor...
Comalssloa paid Bank America
I IN 00
Judgaeul and coals, Keokuk, paid..
Coupons aud taleteat paid
.. 61,098 00
.8 96.467 04
Total disbursement. .
. 88,47 04
Balanoe on band Jan. 31 ; 1890 8 91.884 U
WM. B. STEEJL.E, County Clerk.
By 8am 't. J. Abpbbw. D. C.
Csll snd see toe sample Webster's Ua
abridged Dictionary which we furnish la
v. O I ;
subscribers of tbe Intelligencer lor only 3,IaV
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