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THE EC EN N A .RECORD
.V VOL.8. . KENNA, CHAVES COUNTY, NEW MEXICO, FRIDAY, APRIL 24, 1914. NO. 10. -4 I l -.1 'A 4 PRESIDENT ORDERS PRACTICALLY ENTIRE ATLANTIC FLEET TO MEXICAN WATERS. HUERTA MUST SALUTE STRIPES PRETTY P. STARS D. Q. AND Forty-one Battleships and 21,000 men to Backup the Demand ol the United States Washington, April 14. Pres 'ident Wilson today ordered practically the entire Atlantic fleet to Mexican waters to force the public salute to the stars and tripes from the Iluerta govern met't, as an apology for the ar rest of American . marines at Tampico last Thursday. Nor ultimatum has been issuod that is, ho specified time has be.n set within which the Iluerta government must com "ply but the naval demonstra tion has been ordered as a con crete evidence of the fixed de termination of the United States to back up Tiear Admiral Mayo'B demand for a salute. Up to to- night, General Iluerta has not ma4.4 satisfactory response to that demand. - "Immediately after the inci dent at . Tampico an - orderly from one of the ships of the United States in the harbor at I ,.Vera Cruz who bad been sent a ehore to: the postofftce for the h ip mail and who was in uni . form and who had the official mail bag on his back, was ar rested and put in jail by the local authorities. U.S. Message Held Up. "He was subsequently releaaV ed and a normal punishment in flicted on the officer who had arrested him, but it was sig nificent that an orderly from the fleet of the United State was picked out from the many arsons constantly going ashore on various errands from the various ships in the harbor, rep resenting several nations. "Most serious of all, the offi cials in charge of the telegraph office at Mexico City presumed to withhold an official dispatch of the government of the United States to its embassy at Mexico City, until it should have been . tent to the censor and ' his per mission received to deliver it, and gave the dispa tch into the hands of the charge d'affaires of the United States only on his personal and emphatic demand, he having in the meantime learned through other channels that a dispatch had been 6ent him which he had not received ''It cannot but strike anyone who has watched the course of events in Mexico as signiflcent that untoward incidents such as these have not occurred in any case where representatives of other governments were con cerned, but only in dealing with . representatives of the United States, and thai there has been no occasion for other govern , ments to call attention to such matters or to ask for apologies. U. S. Singled Out "These repeated offenses painet )? right and dignity of the United States, offenres no. duplicated with regard to the representatives of other govern ments, necessarily have made the impression that the govern ment of the United States was singled out for manifestations of ill will and cjntempt. "The authorities of the state department feel confident that when tho seriousness and . the cumulative effect of these inci dents is made evident to the government t f Mexico, that government will see the proprie ty and correct these things as will be not only satisfactory to the government of the United States, but also ajti evidence to the rest of thu world as an entir change of attitude. "There can be no loss to the dignity of the de facto govern ment in Mexico in recognizing in the fullest degree the claims of a great sovereign govern ment to its respect." Congress Solid Behind Wilson. Congress stands behind the administration almost to a mar, in the aggressive policy to de mand reparation for indignities offered by the Huerta govern meat. Iu the Senate and house to- day, the opinion was general that tho president . would be )acked even to actual warfare againet Mexico to uphold the aovereign dignityof trwr United States- Both administration and Republican leaders express the emphatic view that the United States is not eending the fleet to Tampico as a ''bluff:" that it ib sending it there to signalize the fact that at ieast the patience of this government has been exhausted and repara tion must be made, or the al ready .war-scarred southern re public must suffer grave conse quences. War Is Now On Firrt Encounter u What ie Certain to Be Stern War Takes Place at Vera Cruz. ' Vera Cruz, April 21 Vera Cruz tonight is in the hands of forces from tho United States warshipi but the occupation of the port was not -.accomplished without lost of American lives, Four Americans, bluejackets and marines, were killed by the fire of Mexican soldiers' and twenty fell wounded. The Mex ican loss js not known, but it is believed to have been heavy. The water front, the customs house and all important piers, including tho3 under the ter minal works from which extern the railroads to the capital have been occupied. All the territory around the American consulate i strongly patrolled, and detach ments hold other sections of the city. The Mexican commander, General Gustavo Maas, offered a stubborn retidtance and for many hours there was fighting in the streets. Towards night fall.' it was reported that the main body of the federal garri son was in. ret re, to he west liear Admiral Fletcher, in command of the United Stato3 warships, prefaced bid occupat ion of the port by a demand, through the American consul. if.' if . vaiiaua, imi tin nun tini er. : General Maas promptly de clined ti accedw to this demand, ana shortly atterwards, ten whak boats were sent off from the side of the transport Fr'airii oaded . with marines. These boats effected a la- ding irr -tiie neighborhood of the c u s to in onse before noon, and a fev minutes later. Captain William Rush of the battleship Fldtid:i. who was in command of ': th5 operations ashore, brought"5 hie flay; iu, V ' Captain Rush's men had air ready taken up their position. They numbered 150 bluejackets rom the Florida, -390 majines from the Prairie, and 65 nriiinep from the Florida. Lafcar,. thesiJ were augmented by a dispatch rom the Utah. The coming of the American forces was not heralded by any great excitement, but small ciowds gathered to watuVthe anding. S o:i the blu-j tjtifteis and iharines marched through lire streets leading f rom j the water tront and along the rail load yards, Others proofed to the American consulate, while still others were deployed along tfr "9 approaches t Central p'laza.inv which' TreilSrat JLtetf had concentrated bis men. v . These maneuvers were, effac ed without opposition, but sud denly, General Maas challenged the advance with the first Shots a volley fired from a .point three blocks from the marines and two blocks south of the main plaza. The Marines re plied immediately, but the act ion ceased in a moment. - There was a lull fo- ten minutes and then another breef exchange from the west end of Montesinoa street, where a fedei al outpost was stationed. At 12:20, the firing became general and all o'clock the guns of the Prairie were in action. Prior to this, a detatchmeut of bluejackets from the Utah, hold ing the ground between the consulate at the water front, opened fire with two of their three-inch guns. The first shots from these pieces, were directed against an ancient tower which served as a lighthouse. . This was occupied by Mexican sharpshooters. Lieutenant Commander Buch anan, of the Florida, ordered that it be destroyed. Five shots brought the old Benito Juarez tower down. Looks on Seizure of Vera Cruz as Hostile to Nation Evidence Accumulates 1 hut Iluerta De liberately Brought on the Present Situation, Washington, April 22. News that General Venustianq Cajr rsnza, conctftutionUat chief, had. SHE LIKED GAY PLUMAGE By JULIA MAXWELL. $S&$S$5$S344$4S344$$534j$i44446 Essie Adams liked gay plumage. Her New York aunt, whom she was visit Ins, did not approvi of anything thai would attrac'. attention. That was why she objected to Essie's wearing a brand new bonnet with the dazzling fellov: feather. ' "I'd rather yo wouldn't wear that hat, Essie," aald Aunt Linda Mallow. "It looks 'fast.' " Essie bit her lip in disappointment, yut away the gorgeous thing of shlra Biering yellow and donned a plaia klack-an-blue straw which her aunt had selected for her on her last visit to the city a year before. "That looks more like you, my dear. Young girls are apt to be mlsunder. stood w!en the wear conspicuous bats.", "Hut, Auntie, I do love bright thing. Other girls wear them, and nice girls, too, I'm sure." Aunt Linda was not disposed to erarue the Question. Resides, the elec- reeardel the Feiz ire of Vera Cruz by the American nava force as an act of hostility to the Mexican nation, fell like i bomb shell in official circles to night. l resident. v rson nau especi ally disclaimed any act of hos tality to Ihe Mexican I people, practicularizing General Iluerta as the object of the American operations to procure 'reprisal for offenses at Tampico and else. where, against the American flag. Consequently, the Wash ington government had hoped the' constitulioniists would re main silent and not interjetic iheiust'lves in the imbroglio The Carranza bitter, however confirmed the fears of many of ficials, that tho rebels might side with Iluerta. This was the one possibility which had been discussed in administration circles as the most serious pluses in the situation. . Should hostility on the part ol the rebels crystaliz?, plans o: tho army will be changed. There were rep irts during the day that the joint army and navy loarj already had recommended th restoration of the embargo on arms. Action of congress approving the President's course in using the army and navy, in view of the situation he has presented in his message and the receip of details of fighting at Vera Cruz were the chief develop ments of the day. Officials ex pressed therm-elves as greatly leased with ttie promptness of Rear Admiral Fletcher's forces in tilting possession of Vera Cruz and restoring order there Future steps are uncertain The President has determine! that his course shall be gradual No orders have been issued to seize the eUBtoms house at Tarn pico., It is the imrpose of th administration to keep order in Vera Cruz and await thi full aileci on ntteria oi me urst aci w . t-r a Pil. . j A a. of reprisal by the American gov ernment. There is every reason to be lieve that the railroad running inland fiom Vera Oru for twenty miles together with valuable trestla, will be policed by American marines and blue jackets. This section of the railroad is of supreme, impoitr (Contjnue4 P,n page 8 ) trie wss waiting for them at the curb. The last few days of ber New York visit Kstile spent with a girl tileiid. And when she psHSf.d through the gate at the Grand Central station bound fer the train that was to take her to her home la an upstate town, she was wearing the hat with the Inviting yel low feather. For Aunt Linda waa net along, and her chum, who came to the. station with her, adored the hat. Essie was a gregarious young wom an, in uie small iowu wnere hub int'i It was a habit for people to be neigh borly. So when the middle-aged man In the parlor car suat across the aisle- offered her a magazine, she accepted it 1th a smile and a nod of the yellow feather. When she entered the dining , oar for luncheon and the dining car - conductor placed her opposite the same man, she was not displeased. lie was a well-groomf a, interesting loos ing man. And Essie liked men. When the stranger suggested that she order lunch for both of them, Essie dida t mind. Luncheon for one wae always deally stupid. Of course, she realized that Aunt Linda would be horrified at such a proceeding, but Aunt Linda wait old-fashioned. It was common talk in the family that Linda was entirely too diffident, too reserved. She was not nearly so popular as her slstera, who wera of more sociable mien. However,' never a breath of scandal had attached to Linda's name, and there were some of the family that well, that's quite another matter. Eesie enjoyed the luncheon, and though the endeavored in the usual . way to pay the check, her protesta tions were quickly swept away. As the man piloted her back to her chair la the parlor car, she was conscious of a certain guilty feeling, but she put It from her. How could a girl be expect ed to do anything else? She was only human, and she liked to talk to peo ple. She couldn't play any kind of a game by herself. There are many young girls like Essie. It was only twenty minutes until Eaeie's home town would be reached. She was rather sorry. She waa having such a good time. "I'd like to see you again," said the man. meaningly. ; "Oh, thank you," laughed the girl. "I've enjoyed meeting you." "But you dont live far from Buffalo, and haven't you some friends there that you could tell your parents you ware going to visit while you really same down to spend a few days with me? I know a nice little place where we could go and be undisturbed. Here's my card. That's my office ad dress. Write me when you can get away." Essie wae dumfounded. All the eolor had gone out of her face. She, felt sick to the very depths of hor. , She simply couldn't speak. The card dropped from her nerveless finger. But the stranger did not understand. Ills eyes glittered strangely, while the niiirk of the beast was in every line of , hid face. "You're a great little klddo," he said, "and there isn't anything I wouldn't do for you. Do you think you could come down to 6ee me In a few daye?" The girl found voice, but still It waa not her own voice. It waa the voice of a girl who has suddenly had every Ideal and illusion knocked from under her. "Oh, oh, you horrible thing, you! I I you've made a mistake. Oh, I hate you, hate you! I never want to see you agaiu, never!" When calm came; Essie was In her own room at home alone. She waa glad she was alone. All the joy had gone out of her vacation. She felt un clean, tainted, as if she had been walking through bogs of mud and slime. And, sobbing, the girl wondered, are all men like that, or, was it the yellow leather? It had not yet occurred to her that young girte who accept fa vors of strange men on trains are very apt to be misuuderstood and Insulted. That v.ri one thing that Aunt Linda had forgotten to tell her. Testing the Upper Air, By means of balloons the upper air has been tested to a height of uearly 19 miles in thia country by the weath er observers. During a recent re-, markable flight the Instruments used recorded a temperature of 70.4 de grees below zero at a distri:- of 12l, inile above the earth. Wherever the the sounding balloons have been used, whethc nc- -: the equator or in north ern latitudes, the records have ahowu that after six miles above the eartk tho temperature no longer drops rap idly as the instruments ascend, but at flme becomes stationary.