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DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF GOOD CITIZENSHIP AND THE UPBUILDING OF THE COMMUNITY. ' - VOLUME VIII. CLAYTON, NEW MEXICO, SATURDAY, APRIL 24, 1915. NO. 17. THE THE STATE TAXPAYERS LEAGlTi Mill Work in Harmony Willi the Slate Tax Commission in Interest of All Citizens. Albuquerque, N. M, April 19. The proposal for organization of a New Mexico Taxpayers' League has met with hearty approval from rep resentative taxpayers in all parts of New Mexico, and members of the tentative organization here have re ceived numerous letters and person al expressions voicing this approval in the strongest terms. These let ters are from Democrats and Repub licans and all of them emphasize, the point that the matters at issue are larger man any question oi po litical advantage, emphasis being laid generally upon the fact that the state tax comission in initiating the new full valuation assessment sys tem, with the short lime at its dis posal and with the many complica tions present should be given organ ized and elllcient suport from those who wish to see New Mexico placed upon a sound taxation and revenue basis as quickly as possible. One of the most practical sug gestions has come from Hugo Sea berg of Raton, one of the prominent business men of Colfax county. Mr. Senberg hrs given time and care to tin1 study of taxation questions and his idea is that the Taxpayers' League, to be successful, must start with the county organization as the unit, each county having its inde pendent league of taxpayers, dealing with local county revenue and econ omic questions and conditions; and with sufficient revenue, derived from a small assessment upon the members, to employ a local secre tary, who will be an active, execu tive officer. With these county units organized and in operation, Mr. Sea- berg proposes that they be. welded together in a state organizaion, the secretaries of the various counties being the ollicial representatives in the slate organization. The neces sary revenue, he suggests, might be readily procured by a minimum membership fee of ?1, and a small tax, possibly of 2-10 of a mill, vi the net property valuation of the members. Thus, without laying a bunlen upon anyone, his plan would produce sufficient revenue for prac ticed work, and at the same time limit the organization to what its un.r.e ii..pli's.on..' made up of bona tide taxpayers. oilowiiig the meeting of the stale tax commission at Sana Fe on April Jo, it is expected that a meeting of the men who have interested them selves in the proposed Taxpayers' League will be called either in Al Imnue roue or Santa Fe, when this and other practical suggestions for "mm diate and effective organiza tion will bo discussed and a work ing plan agreed upon. It has been suggested that the tax commission itself might interest itself actively in encouraging the organization of the association. Ennli.' h Women Volunteer London, April 2.1,. Thirty-three thousand women had registered for special war service up to the end of March. This statement was made tonight by Waller Runciman, pres ident of tin? board of trade, to a deputation representing the various women's societies in London. Six thousand of the women, he said had declared themselves will ing to work in armament factories, four thousand in .clothing factories, 1.700 in dairy work, 500 as garden ers, 2,000 in various branches of agricultural work, 1,000 as shop as sistant,, 500 as leather workers, and 5.000 in clerical work. Six hun dred women had been given em ployment at the board of trade, Mr. Rimeiman said. The government, the speaker said, insisted that women employed on government contract work be paid the same price as men. It has been arranged to give women will ing and qnalilled to undertake agri cultural or dairy work, a fortnight's training in agricultural colleges, paying them meanwhile .5 per week as a living allowance. Sylvia Pankhurst, the militant suffragist, urged that the govern ment should take measures to se cure for women, in whatever cap acity they are employed, the same pay as men receive. A New War Horror Spanhh-Ainerh mis Predominate Santa Fe, N. M April I8.-Statis-ties compiled by Adolf I. Hill, clerk in the office of the secretary .of state, who last year represented the Spanish-Americans as a can didate for c irie rntion commission er on the delito." a tic ticket, show that the Spanish speaking voters at the last election outnumbered the so-called American, or English speaking citizens. Spanish-Americans numbered 20,503 and Amer icans numbered 20,150, giving a ma jority of tI.A13 for the Spanish-Americans, The statistics are the result of a careful examination of the poll of the moro than COO election pre cincts of the state, and the Spanish American people propose to use the tlgures in an effort to secure a more equal division of the offleess, of which the Americans now hold the lion's share. The statement shows no Spanish-American voters in either Curry or Roosevelt counties; Eddy county has but three, while Chaves county has about the same number. The national Red Cross headquar ters would ni -our.fi i 'el liile a warning as that which it has just issii il if the peni which il points out were not real. The Red Cross sees th" possibility of such a plague in Europe as the world has never witnessed before. Its warning is one to make humanity shudder, to bring pallor to the cheek, to create a new and keener realization of the horror of this unspeakable night mare of war. There is the eloquence of deep earnestness in its description of the menace: With much of continental Europe in a highly unsettled state, uilli Ileitis ami trenches drenched with Mood; with shallow graves of thousands of dead scattered through out the war zone; with vermin ami lillh on every hand; with hundreds of thousands of wounded being cared for in a pitifully inadequate wny a vast number of I hem have infected wounds, and with the ap proach of warm weather and at t nding tlies ami mosquitoes, Eu rope may well be gravely apprehensive- fearful that an unprece dented plague will sweep the old world." Ih.it is not mere hysteria a , I ghastly phantom which can have no reality. I he Red Cross experts are well qualified to estimate the peril of which they speak; and when they s;,y thai it is real and imminent, (lo re can be no discrediting their judgment. It is gravely doubtful whether even the most admirably cientiile methods can hold the dis ease in check when summer comes to the vast harnal house into which Europe is being converted. Serbia is an example of what may present ly be witnessed on a much larger scale. Serbia is in the grip of typhus and of typhoid. Already the deaths from typhus have reached a total of 50,000, and the disease is spread ing rapidly in spite of the heroic efforts of surgeons and nurses, many of whom are Americans who have volunteered for this perilous ser vice Oklahoman. NEWS OF THE STATE CAPITAL State Treasurer I'.noincd to Pre vent Payment oí Sulury to Aliened Auditor and Assistants. Auditor Enjoined Santa Fe, N. M., April 21. A tem porary injunction was issuea in me district court here today return able tomorrow, restraining the state auditor from drawing warrants to pay the newly appointed traveling auditor ami assistants their April salary. The injunction was granted on application of . a taxpayer who alleges that the law creating the po sition is not valid because passed after noon of March 12. The court will tesl the validity of a largo num ber of laws similarly passed. Riirsimi on Tax Commission Santa Fe, N. M, April 21. The governor today announced the ap pointment of H. O. lkirsnm, of So corro, a leading republican and can didate for governor at the first state election, as a member of the state tax commission vice .lose Perea, re signed. Mr. Hursuni has not noti fied the governor of his acceptance or rejeetance. Flood: Can ". Destruction in Capital Santa Fe, N. M., April 21. At leat too people are practically des ! ilute i-i a Spanish-American sub urb of Santa Fe as the result of the prolonged rains. The public schools were thrown open to the people that suffer until they can repair their bonus and the city council last night made an appropriation for their relief. School Notes School closes May 21. Baccalau reate sermon will be on Sunday, May 10th. During the past week we have had several visitors, among the number being Mr. Ciuyer, Secretary Hoard of Education; Supt. II. II. Errett and Prof. Ledgerwood, also Prof. Granger, of Missouri. Dr. Itoyd was with us two days and made a thorough inspection of the schools. He reports everything in exeelent condition. The library books have not come yet. Rev. bum was a substitute for Mr. Jackson one half day. The board will no doubt level up the yard and sow some grass this spring. There will be three graduates this year, Marion Chelf, Clarence I.oveles and lma Hardgrave. There was a hard fought battle on the diamond with the Texline Giants Friday. Our people won 11 to 18 over the Giants. It was the first game of the year. J. W. Thompson, Supt. ORREGON VICTOR OYER VILLA Paneho's Losses Now are Reported as KOOO Killed and 5000 Desertions. Villa Retreating Northward. F.I Paso, Texas, April 22. An of ficial Carranza statement regarding the aggressive campaign against the Villa forces was given out today as follows: "General Obregon reported today to the first chief that ho had been joined by General Dieguez and their combined forces of 40,000 men are twelve miles north of Irapuato and continuing in that direction. The Dieguez forces have taken Guada lajara. Ollicial advices placo the Villa losses at Celaya at 6,000 killed and wounded in addition to 5,000 deser tions. Constitutionalists have reoc- cupied the states of Jalisco and Mi choacan. "San Luis Potosi has been evacu ated by Villa forces." See the Twenty Million Dollar Mystery every Wednesday night at The Dixie. 17-21. MATRIMONIAL Local Option Election June 7 Santa Fe, April 21 .The Santa Fe city council on reiii ipt (H a petition bearing nearly 300 names last night trili red a special election on June 7 under the local option law. A vigorous campaign between the Wet and drv forces will follow. Spuiin Sparks Warren Spann, a former editor of the Texline Enterprise, now engag- ' ed in business in Amarillo, Texas, and Miss Ethel Sparks, daughter of ' Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Sparks of this city, were mailed at the home of the bride's parents Monday evening, the lath inst.. Rev. Ray S. Dum, pas lor of the Methodist church dating. These young people were raised in this section and count their friends by the hundreds. The News is pleased to extend congratulations mal wishes them happiness and suc cess in their new relation. Wilson I'riies Calmness Washington. April 19 President eph Steele Steele, th Fox :' popular youii'4 and Miss Na- K'uiner Popular with his People London. "The German Emperor'9 popularity has undoubtedly in creased with the war," writes a neu tral correspondent to tho Times from Germany. "He is considered to be the only man fit to servo as an example to his subjects and ho is at the same time the embodiment of all they most admire. His out ward appearance, his mind, his pi ety, and almost all his undertakings are in accordance with the tasto ' and wishes of his people. ' j "That he is clever, active, and in many ways brilliant, even his worst enemies admit; most of his subjecU, in their idolatry, think him infalli ble. Among the military caste, offl-' however, though nothing is openly said againsi nun, no aoes nov pos ses. the same inlluenco in directing stratngical - operations as he un questionably had in the early stages of the war. His generals seem to have found a way of preventing him from seriously interfering with the campaign." VV:i...i, iieee.l e-leuiess on the Hurt ' lllll ller ol lies .Moines. the Fu- omi lux, me manning youngest, of the United Slates during ropean crisis in an address here to day formally opening the Congress of the Daughters of the American Revolution. He said that he could speak only in general terms ami that it was indiscreet for him to speak ut all. The president declared that the supreme test of a nation was self possession, the powers to restrain emotions, think calmly and be abso lutely sure of everything il do-s. The United States, he said, must possess the judicial temperament, not in order to judge others, but in order to judge what itself does. The president described the United States as a melting pot of national ities, and added that the nation was now on is mettle to act righteous ly. daughter of Mr. and Mrs. .1. . fox of lies Moines, and sister of Mrs. llyden Edinontlson of Clayton, were married at the home of the bride's parents in I es Moines, Sunday, tho , 18th inst. The bride is a Clayton j girl ami has many friends here. , This is a popular couple and their , hosls of friends join Hie News m wishing them every success in life. J. E. Rhodes, one of our regulars al Deltln, was a trader in the city Tuesday. Floyd C. Field and J. C. Nealey, two of the foremost ranchmen of the Clapham country, attended to business in the city Thursday and Friday. "The Wishing Ring" in 5 acts, featuring Vivian Martin, at the Dixie Friday afternoon and night, April HOtli. R. W. Isaacs says: "Saw this production in Denver. One of the prettiest productions I ever saw." Good News Sheriff Ray Sutton, J. L. Pryor. W. G. Sears, S. R. Witcher, and Elza Davis, all old friends of The News editor from Ellis county, Oklahoma, spent Tuesday night and Wednes day morning in the city. They had been to Des Moines where ,Mr. Pryor and Sheriff Sutton are putting in a bank. Mr. Sears has bought the Des Moines townsite and informs us that he has succeeded in bringing peace to that town, an act for which he should be called blessed Mr. Witch er will engage in the furniture bus iness at Des Moines. Mr. Davis is one of the leading druggist of his home city. The News hereafter will keep the whole bunch posted on af fairs in Union county. This sheet is a winner. Rarr Sterling Monday evening at 8:00 o'clock, Justice of the Peace Kingdom spoke tlx Mr. J. C. ltarr and Mrs. Nancy ing, a popular couple of the Cuales neighborhood. This marriage was quite a surprise to their many friend-, and something of a disap pointment to several eligible Daclio-, lors. The News extends congratu lations and best wishes. Mr. and Mrs. liarr have purchased the room ing ami boarding house formerly conducted by Mrs. Chiles, and have taken charge of the business. They ask the patronage of all in need of a good meal. Oyer Hardy Ray D. Dyer, one of the prosper ous young farmers of southeast of tiivvn, and Mrs. Sarah V . Manly, a lady of the same neighborhood, were married in Clayton Tuesday, Hie mili inst. They will make their home on Mr. Dyer's larm near Tliomas. The News extends the us ual i f r.gralulations and wishes them every joy in their journey through b!.-. They are Free Copy for New Mexico Experiment Station Itulletin No. 92, was recent i ly sent to press, and the bulletin ! will be ready for distribution within ' a few days. This was prepared by Director Garcia and J. W. lligney, and deals with onions, cauliflower, 'spinach and casabas. It explains I the cultural methods that were em ! ployed and gives the yields that j were secured with the dilTrent var ieties. In the case of onions, tho I experiments included a test of sev , eral fertilizers. I The bulletin will be sent free to Wiennis M. McClure, one of the pro gressive farmers of southeast of town, was in the city Tuesday and brought us a sample of the wheat growing on his place. It is fine, and Mr. McClure says that he expects a yield of at least thirty bushels to the acre, and would not be surpris ed if it beats that by one-third. worms uiui unueu in """o" ... , . . .., .. SlCl'l nit' n 3" u i awn ' I 0 To the Taxpayers of Union County Notice is hereby given that the i 2nd half of 1914 taxes will tecomo di linqueiit on the first day of June, KM5, and will draw interest from that date at one Iter cent a month, and if not paid'within 45 days after the llrst of .lime, 1915, either by de mand or distraint a notice of sale will be published for 4 weeks and a date for sale will be fixed, unless they are paid by or before that time they will be sold to the highest bid der according to law. You are requested to bring the no tice sent you in December or the re ceipts for the llrst half, with your remittance. NESTOR C. de RACA, Treasurer & Collector. F. C. de HACA, Deputy. Í-2Í-5-15 Carl Eklund returned today noon from a short business visit to Den ver. This week O. W. Sparks had his name added to our subscription list. Last fall Mr. Sparks acquired one of the finest ranches on the Penibetis, and is preparing to move his family to the ranch right away. The News is a winner. Curd of Thanks We wish to thank our friends and neighbors who so kindly assisted us during the illness and death of our beloved wife and mother. Sol W. Ham and Family. Pop Corn and Peanuts Franz Dyche is the merchant who handles the best Try his wares and see how good they are. Always hoi and good to cat. tf. L. G. Lujan, merchant, of Mex homa, attended to business in the i cily the first of the week.