Newspaper Page Text
THE CLAYTON NEWS, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 5.
STATE LKISLATIO ft Hy Mrs. Floyd G. Akins, .delivered jjjwforo the Cijrrent Topics Club oí TjWaTlon, published by request of (lie 1(Hub. n i . JV paper on state logislallou gon- laailly may bo so swooping in Us tent, of courso, as to embrace a ;,'f80ussion of tbo almost limitless (- tó'RUinbcr of subjects regarding which V state legislature may enact laws. rartunatoly for me, however, I am l.. . i ... i I ,ini i.H;,.nai i.tiiii 111 LI1I1ULI II 11 11 V 111 IIIIIIIIIK, i 1,1 1 1 V MI1T 11,44411 I 1 IIHIKII IIIIV 1 111 11 earnest a suiuy ui uiu uieury uní praotioal workings an doperationof iut s vol nm nf cnvernnieiiL Wo lire only Just now opening our eyes as citizens and looking about upon this broad and interesting field of study, heretofore mainly unexplored by us, because wo had vunly' been permit ted to enter it as casual onlookers. As ue come to think of stale leg islation, it is only natural that, we should be curious to know what limits are placed on the power ex orcised by (lie stale legislature. Wiltwt marks the boundaries beyond which a legislature may not go and pass laws which- will be upheld by tho courts? These aro difficult questions, for they involve construc tions of slate and federal constitu tions; but wo should have a general understanding of the scope of au thority of state legislatures. Our national law making body has onlyj uch legislative powers as are ox- presaly dolegalcd to it by the nation al constitution, together with tho power and authority necessarily to be implied from those expressed. Tho national constituí inn and the laws passed by its authority consli luto tho supremo law of the land. 'Hi i s supremo law fixes one limit In Uie powor of the state legislature, for any slate law conflicting with any provision of the federal sonsli lion or lay enacted by its authority is unconstitutional and invalid. Likewise a state law will not be upheld by tho courts when it con flicts with a provision of the stale constitution. Our constitutions are the bulwark of our liberty and pro tec! us against unwarranted, un worthy or oppressive legislation, either slate or national. Our New Mexico constitution spe cifically enumerates many of the powers of our legislature, anil then tjons on to say:: "In addition to the powers herein enumerated, the legislature shall avo all powors necessary to the legislatura of a free state." 'lilis general grant of authority empowers the. legislature to estab lish such rules and regulations as may be conducive, to the public in terest for tho conduct of all per sona, for tho protection of lives, linihs, health, comfort, and the pro tection of all property and proper ty rights within the stale. This gen eral scope of authority vested in all .dato legislatures is called the "Po lice Power. .ludgo Oooley, in his constitution al law, has this to say about this general powor of state legislatures: "It. embraces the whole system of internal regulation by which the slalo seeks not only to preserve the public, order and to prevent offences against itself, but also to establish for the intercourse of citizens with ritizens. those rules of good man ners ami good neighborhood which ire calculated to prevent the con flict uf rights and to insure to each Uie uninterrupted enjoyment of his own, so far as it is reasonably con sistent with Uw right enjoyment of rights by others." Tho new year finds tho women of our oounttry with a voting power emml to that of the men. And we hear a habel of men's voices going up all oVcr the country inquiring, "What do the women want now? They ask it from tho slump and the pulpit, from the workshop and the field, through tho newspapers ami magazines. It would seem that they feel that unless we rise up miracu lously in a body and right every ox sline governmental wrong Willi out delay, our enl ranee into poli tics and participation m civil at fairs is without avail. Hul as one of Uie newly enfrnn- oluwd voters, I feel I hat we must have a little lime in which to find ourselves. In rightly, adjust oursol ves to the duties of citizenship; however, I also feel that we shall swiftly .swing into tho full and in telliitont uso and enjoyment of our nolitioal and civil rights, with tho result that our beloved government and country will he more beloved and moro nearly conform to our ideals of what they should be. J am confident that the women as a whole are- going now to assume full responsibility as citizens, and that that responsibility will be by them considered a public tnwt. Having achieved equal suffrage wilh men, I he women will, in my opinion, refuse to permit "professional po's ticiai s to riri our governments national, state and municipal." Tho women should maintain their exisf iii!.' national organization (he. one villi which they acquired the ballot --as a nucleus around which U: build a greater organization for the accomplishment of greater things; these weapons, tho ballot and or ganization, being the principal step ping stones to success. In our state of New Mexico there are wonderful opportunities for the women. Uy standing aloof as far as possible from the sordid and sel fish motives which so often actuate the men in matters of politics and government, the women may ac complish wonders in beneficial and humane legislation, by throwing the full weight of their influence anil Strength into the balance for right and justice Through the respective organizations, of our politic al par ties. The women of New Mexico, both Republican and Democratic, have already made their influence fell, as will be seen from an examination of the party platforms of the re cent campaign. Also the women of New Mexico, through their federa tion of clubs and other organiza tions, as well as through influence directly with the members of the legislature and party leaders, are on the alert and doing their utmost to see to it that the parly in control carries into effect the very merit orious program upon which it was placed in power. Our governor, in his recenl and commendable message to the legis lature now in sesseion at Santa Fe. gavo convincing evidence that he expects lo make good his promises to the people. Governor Mechem recommended lo the. legislature, and we badly need: a slale-wide direct primary law, which will enable the rank anil file lo select their candidates for office and not leave I his to parly bosscs.ia repeal of the law allowing judges anil rieras oi eieruon 10 ad vise voters how to prepare their ballots or register preferences; a law doing away with the mounted police, tho county road superinten dents, legal adviser lo the governor and the. commissioner of insurance. rhesu officiw all existed for I he sole purpose of providing political patronage. The governor also rec ommended tho adoption of the short and simplor ballot, a law provid ing proper protection for women and children in industry, an ado qunlo budget law, a non-partisan commission for handling the stale land offlco affairs and funds, a just and equitable mine tax law, the submission of a vonslitutional amendmont granting lo tho women tho r'ght to hold all public offices, and many other measures There are various other measures winch should bo placed upon our statute books, ;lnl which should moot with no opposition in a civili zed state such as ours is presumed to bo Wo have a state Girls' Wel fare Hoard, but it Is helpless be cause the legislature has been loo busy providing for .the eradication of sheep scab and Texas licks, 'clc, among jivoslock, lo devoto time or money for the reclamation of way warVl and delinquent girls. There is a bill pending in congross known as tho Shophord-Townor bill, tho purpose of which is to fur nish national financial assistance to Iho states for tho welfare and pro tection of matornity and for the purposo of lossoning Infant mortal ity, and contributing to child wel fare generally. The women will probably secute the passage of this bill through congress. We here in New Mexico should see lo it thai our legislature passes a resolution endorsing tho law when enacted, so that our state may profit by it. More thought and consideration should be given lo the protection and preser vation of the lives and happinoss of our women and children. Our laws now show a decided proforenco for improvement ami protection of livestock. New Mexico women will advócalo a change in our present law per taining to property rights, so as lo enable a woman, by will, lo direct that one-half of Iho community property shall upon the death of her husband, go to her children. The New Mexico laws relating lo guardianship should, be amended, so as to avoid working on injustice on tho mol her and child, by provid ing that the mother and father shall bo joint and equal guardians of their children. One of the ni09t needed national reforms is a federal uniform mar viago and divorce law, but first an amendment of tho fedoral consli tioh authorizing such a law. The laws of our sovoral stalos differ "widely and wildly" on the subjects of marriage and divorce, and the woman wJioso status as a volinir citizen is now fixed, may find hr status that of a wife in our state, bigamist subject to criminal prose cution and with a brood of dstn horded and illegitimate children Un another. Congress should bd in formed regarding the undoslrabillty of this condition on the part of the women. I mlghl go on indefinitely cnunrcr ating questions which need legisla tive attention, but we imiK-V not. render accomplishment hopeless by undertaking too much at once, or by piling up n mountain of propos ed legislation only lo fail in secur ing any of il. II is my confident hopp that we shall make as good citizens even that we shall excoen tho fours of the men in our accomplishment. SELF-UHTUmilNATIOX The chief asset of a nation is the character of its pooplo. And char acter is Iho result of horidlty anil, solf-disciplino mdor liniitations im posed by environment. Tho chief public duly of a citi zen is lo give private attention to ibis own character. Leslie's Weekly. o 'A ITUHKISH ODOMESTIO BLEND C i c a n r T t x s No premiums with Camels all quality 1 wpAMELS quality plus Camels ex- pert blend of choice Turkish and choice Domestic tobaccos pass out the most wonderful cigarette smoke yon ever drew , into your mouth 1 Jijid, the way to prove tftat statement is to compare Camels puif-by-puff with any cigarette in the world! Camels have a mild mellowness thafc is as new to you as it is delightful. Yet, that desirable "body" is all there! They are always refreshing they never tire your taste. 9 Camels leave no unpleasant cigaretty aftertaste nor unpleasant cigaretty odorf Your sáy-so about Camels will be: My, but that's a great cigarette". (t Ctmefo er ocf ererjrwhere in acientificallj eealej pckn-s nf JO ctjtaretteu far 20 cents, or ten pc Jc ea iJüO cilarettea) ii n fatsins -paper covered art on. We utrangly recommend tht cérton iartha home or office eupply or when you travel R. J. REYNOLDS TOBACCO CO. Winiton-Salem, N. C. 1 $1 ONE DOLLAR 9 6 'Id I I I s $1 PER POUND Whitman, Liuuntls and Donlla Chocolates. We are puttinu over' 2 OO Poiiim1h of Um h!ioo Haney Chocolates In our Hulk Candy Tmystind wílMtl them at $1.00 per Pound Don't fall to take ud untune of this caiuly Mile. Vl i i-3j-i-t 't te"hWPWM4-Pfrt&& fr"t'4t-S-484"fr4 I CITY DRUG STORE - m W WSlii; & RUCK. Proprietors. Az AT. All kinds of Grain and Feed SPKCIAI, I'HICES ON NICK GHEliN ALFALFA. ALSO OIL CAKI2 AND MISAL ()L 1'ltICISS THIS WKIIK ON- POTATOES, 100 lbs, $1.75 tVK ALSO Hl'Y ALL KINDS OK C.X flAAKfltt Foft IIBNT The Oa" rage on 2od street known as the Owens Oarage is now for rent. A splendid location for any kind of business. Bee 11. F. Murphy, next door to garage. 5-ltc FOR SALE Modern hom and furniture cheap, 217 Monroe; also 320 acres of land near Thomas at $6.50 per acre. Phono 131. U. E. Dodsun. 4-2t.'