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THE CLAYTON NEWS, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 5, 10.1.
. Mr V The Clayton News lítela! Paper of U. S. Land OfNte, ntrrrd la Ue reifOttlce at CUjtoa, aw Hexlc, aa Boad Cluaa wall aaat r, October 26, 1B09, nL..r lac ict at March 3, 1H7I G. C. SMITH Publishor $2.00 per Year Advertising Kates on Request. rstaton Adverti.lnc Kpriitatlve TtP. AMCKICAN PRESS ASSOCIATION A COMPARISON On another pago of this paper will be found house bills 40 and SU, dealing with the statu lands, having for Uicir piK'poso the enacting into law the recommendations of the govornor as set forth in his special message to the legislature. It is not our purpose to condemn the cattle interests of the stale, hut we do pro test against tlio legislature making a private institution out of the land office for the cuttle industry or any other mtorost. As a matter of comparison we wish to call the attention of our readers to tho dfiference in cost of using state hinds under louse or contract, and land that they own in fee simple. Lands in Union county, othor than farming and irrigated lands, wero assessed at $1.00 per acre for taxes. This makes it cost the man who owns his land about BV4 cents per acre in luxos. In ad dition to this ninety per cent of the mall land owners are paying 10 per cent interest on fifty por cent of the valuo of their luiuls. Take for example an acre of laud that is as sessed at $i.U0 per acre and is mort gaged for SJ.0O per acre, and you have a total cost of JUMi cents in interest and taxes. Even if the hmd is not encumbered, the owner is en titled to interest on his investment when compared with tho other fel low who holds his land under lease or contract from the state. ' The man who has purchased his laud under contract on the easy terms of the state at the minimum price of 5.00 per acre and has only tl.oo per acre invested in the laud, and has thirty years at 1 per cent in which to pay the balance, is only ussossed for taxes on forty per cent of the assessed valuation of the land. This will mukc'iL cost, him 10 cents m interest and l cents in taxes per acre, if the land is assessed at the 3umo value as other lauds at $.00 per acre. This jnakes u grand total of less than 'M cents per acre in inferes!, and taxes. On the other hand, if he is leasing the laud from the slate at the axcragc rental of 5 cents per acre, he has no oilier interest or taxes to pay. Compare these figures and you will readily see that the man who ii holding his hunt under the easy terms of the state has from 10 to .11 cents the advantage on every aere thus contracted, over the man vAw owns his laud in fee simple. This makes ownership of .New .Mex ico grazing laud a detriment to any person, and it should be tho busi ness of the slate and of tho stale laud office lo make it valuable to wrry person. What gels our goal, is why in the II the cuttle, horse and sheep growers of Ihe state are opposed h ii ly changes in the slate land office, or any of Ihe present land laws. unless such changes are to their ourtii'iilar interest. riie special revenue commission rorninmendcd a non-partisan board I W placed In charge of the stale land ..if flue, and a special auditing cpm niittee under their direction recom mended various changes in Ihe hook keeping system and management or Unit sacred institution. The gov ernor in his message to the legis lature recommended Ihe samachap , es in this institution as aid the peciul reenuo commission. Leading newspapers of Ihe sialo ind men who ure mtereslod i-i o ir M-liools and institutions, hav? nrcd 'íli adoption of these changos, and et past legislatures as well as the -oresMil, apparently dominated by politicians and personal interests, positively refuse lo enter the sa rod bounds of that sacred resort It i. own as the state land office, un ir they can do so in the interest the big land.-grabbers. The school children of this stato need every cent of revenue that ran w obtained from the 8,000.000 acres r land sot aside for their .benefit, tf Mie legislature of Now Mexico, now in session at. tanta Fit, have thu interest of thesu children at linarl they will enact indi laws as it safeguard thN usl henuge In Hie future iio-lcnly of i.nr v.ntn;. Uate ill., way ran lie mini thr, i !n 1 I' ,w lite ;diee of III. special i ' '-nur cuiniiiissmii. If the 'anpes recommended by this eom 'tiiNsinu can only tie enacted into aw. so far as the land office n con cerned, future xililicmns will IiikI unir pickintr for hrohendoimn nnii P i 'during lame-dorks. Hut that is probably the reason why the legislature doesn't wont the changes. ' ITS ALL VERY SIMPLE It may appear somewhat ridicu lous to the great majority of tax payers of this county, that Ihe sen ator from .Union is devoting hlsH limo and lalont'to the effort of rc; duoing tho taxes ond interest pay ments of the fow lurgo holders of stale lauds in this county. The fact should not bo overlooked that tho present senator from Union is the largest of I ho largo Insofar as tho holding of stale lands In Union coun ty is concerned. Thai fact removes any seeming ridiculousness in con nection with his present actions. It would probably be loo great a pre sumption on the imi'l. of an almost unanimous constituency to expect him to represent them first and himself and a dozen or so 'large slate land holders second. Such action probably would bo contrary lo hu man nature, and we have heard if said (or possibly wo read it) that the present senator from Union is n very humanly human. Possibly tho nhio hundred and ninety-nine out of each thousand will remember now, evon if they did forget lust November, that the mteresls or Ihe present senator from Union in mutters of taxation, nro far and widely removed from tho interests of the nine hundred and ninety-nine. If you owe a thousand dollars worth of properly and have lo give up one hundred dollars for tuxes, thai doesn't amount jo much. One hundred dollars is a small sum in Ihe eyes, of (he largo state land holders, unless, perchance, I hey had lo pay laxos with it. Reside you don't have to put out any money to get the hundred you only have lo W(u-k for- it. You are poor and state-landless anyhow, and aro ex pected to stay that way. You are expected lo qwn land in small lraol and pay taxes on its full assessed value. Everybody knows that bul you. and you ure learning it- darn fust. The above perfectly blissful ar rangement is what makes it possi ble for the larir'i stato land holder lo only pay laxes on a dollar an acre eipilly in his holdings, and have lhal deferred until In--gels ready lo pay. Very nice. in't it'.' In the meantime you little suck ers, and there's a 1H of you. must pay your tens, twenlie, fifties ami hundreds right up lo scratch: and in'obably if you dig diligently enough there wont be any necessity for the hig stale laud holders to dig at all. You see, you are not the 'president of any association or society for the prevention of cruelty or taxation to large slate land holders; neither are you a member of any law-making ioly, and you haven't been lucky eiioimh to have Ihe governor notice your bent, broke ami "busted'' con dition or lhal the price of beans is just about the sume us nothing. Hut of course this is all foolish ness, uiulouhteiiiy you wanted these conditions or you wouldn't have voted for I hem lasl November. You didn't want the mines and corpora tions taxed on an equitable basis, and yon didn't want the large state land holders deprived of favoritism ul Santa Fe. That is evident from Ihe way you voted ami you getting jusl what yon otcd for. So dig up (or down) ami pay. We wish you well, and thai is just about us fur a u democrat can go in New Mexico. PINAR ET1S ITEMS Hayes, Hnydon, and Edison Pate, of Perico, aro visiting in tills vicin ity Uiis week. Thoy'aro nophews of airs. w. t Harroii. Tho J. 11. Oarlock family spent bunday at the Unas. Fostor home. Clapham, Runner and surrounding oounlry undoubtedly turned out in full forco,-FrIday nighl, judging by tho crowd thai attended tho social at "Rainier that ovoning. Tho child ren gave a snort but inloresling pro grain, aftor which wero waged the ciphering and spelling contests. And tho contests were aullo olose, and noither Manner nor Clapham can claim a completo victory. Th best part of tho evening, tho, was the ealg, consisting of cako and coffee, .served about 11 o'clock. There ap peared fo bo an ampio supply.of cano imi íor somo reason it disap pcared quite rapidly. NOTICE TO TEACHERS i he Eighth Grado examinations will be lield .in Union County on Ihe followingdnles: March l?lh and I8lh. April lith and I5lh. May 10th and 20Ui. The text books, ns adopted by the stale, will be the basis of all ques tions. The list of these may be found on pages 10 and II of the Coursfo of Study for 1019. In Head ing, the question will bo bused upon tlio loiioying selections from Scnr son and Martin's "Studies for Head ing" for tho Eighth Grade: Amorica, tho Rcauliful, page 1 The Return of Hegulus, page... 59 Concord Hymn, page 80 The Viclor of Morengo, page 80 The Conquered Runner, pngc 90 Evangeline, page 201 My Creed, page 102 Let the County Superintendent know if you cure for Examinntion questions. M All 1 12 M, MYERS. County Supt. of Schools. ' Federal Hoard Desires to Educate Soldiers at A. A. M. Colicué Or. Walter J. Quick, in charge of the educational work in the South west for disabled discharged soldiers sailors and marines, has just isilcii tho New Mexico Agricultural and Mechanical College, and afler look ing over the work being done slated thai Ihe board Would be glad lo end limn one .hundred to two hun dred and fifty additional students to that institution, if they could be accommodated. "Unless tho A. & M. colleges," said Dr. Quick, "can ren der slill greater as-dstunec in the further education of (hese men, it will be necessary to deprive many of them of the Iruinitig that they should have. There are at present at the col ego about eighty disabled former soldiers, many of whom were sent lo Ihe institution largely on account of the mild wilder climate of that purl of the slate. Orlflln of "Tenderfoot" i -....i :.. II... .......i ...n.... -mi ii'-rni naco 111 uiu wuei la iiimi: significant than "tcndorfolt," ami in no conned inn is it more used than in re)alionsliip to horseman ship. If u person approaches a horse" to catch lum or saddle him from tin "off" side, or moulds or dismounts on that side, he ig more sure to be styled a londerfoot," then when In ennnot shoot slraiylil. The tough weslern bronobo or muslaiig used in Ihe mountains and on the ranches in the southwest was formerly nev er shod. His hoofs grew so tough (hat shoes were not only unnecessary, hut a hindrance, for tough unshod hoofs aro more suro-footed on the rocky trails than are iron shoes, Afler once being shod, however, tho hoof always needs it, and becomes very (puder.aud lame witlioul.au iron shoe. s As nothing is more useless lo a western ranchman or guide Uian lame Huirse, and as shoeing was not easy in the early days, a "tender foot' horse was despised. The uri shod 'toughfoot" was always relia lile. Hence we have the western lorm I In denote n 'reeMh'irn." Silvei 1 State Irotght rates uned iei.- ion. (ruin in car lots can be ship ped from Kansas to Albuquerque cheaper than from points in Curry or I ni.on county, the two largest (fraie. priiiltn-int: counties io New Mexico. LAROR CONDITIONS Hanliny Requests Extra Session Washington, Feb. I . A request from President-elect Harding that a special session of the new senate be called for March 4, lo confirm cobinol and oilier appointmons to be made by tho incoming oxocutive, WH9 conveyed today to President Wilson. Such n session is ousloma ry when there is a change of admin istrations and usually lusls only a week at most. Labor conditions seem to be about the same throughout this section of Ihe country Wo give you the following leltors: Pueblo, Colo., Jan. 29, 19151. Mr. J. F. Lunsford, secy Uinmher ni commerce, Clayton,' New Mexico, Jenr Mr. Lunsford: In re your letter of January 27. There is a surplus of unemployed in Pueblo and wo bolicvo litis con dition is general throughout the oounlry. In fact, tho employers aro daily sorting their mon and elimi nating Ihn non-producers. We do not know of any lines whoro ycur unemployed might se euro wjurk here. Please feel freo to communicate with us at any limo. Yours truly, P. A. GRAY, Secretary Pueblo Cliiimbor of Commerce. Roys and Girls Do Good Work- Union county boys and girls en gaged in club work the past year produced products worth 810,13(5.00 above cost Tboso figures represent only tho work of the children who kept an itemized nccount or their work. No doubt tho fiugres would .have been considerably increased had all dala been collected. New Prices on PERCALES We hove just opened and put flu' salo two lots or New Percales, 1ST LOT consists ot both Hnhl nilrt dark patterns in stripes, dots and figures NEW PRICE lie PER YARD 2ND LOT consists of fHly pieces in all new patterns UK inches wido; nood quality. This width cuts to Hood inlvanlaiie. Come early and net choice of the pretty patterns. Wo have both Unlit and dark SPECIAL 224c PER YARD. . GEO. II. AVADE & CO. ' "Clayton's Rclter Store" Fordson The Fordson will pull a three disc plow or two mouldboards breaking land at the rate of one acre per hour. Its cost is no more than one good team, that does one fourth as much work. Buy you a Fordson Increase produc tion, decrease expense. Do your own plow ing, discing, harrowing, planting with a Ford son; then you can thresh, grind and haul any thing with your tractor. Ilnton, N. M., January 29, 1921. J. F. Lunsford, Sec. Chamhor of Commerce, . Claylon, New Moxico. Doar Sir: In answer lo your letter of tbe 27l)i. will say that business condi tions arc fairly good here in Ralon, bul we have plenty of labor of all kinds. The reason for this being we are on the main lino of tlio Santa Fe and a great many people stop here html ing. work While Ihe business is good and the mines cunning, we do not care 'o have an influx of labor lo this omiiiiinily. ns it would lend to in crease the crime wave that seems to hae hit the entire country. Willi I In- kindest p'isonal n 'aids. I am. Yours IriiK. W. H. BLAINE." iecrelary Raton Chamber of Com- lienry uereer or uayaon was a Ulaytoa visitor the first of fhe week. fc4 brd soiv TRADE MARK $700.00 Filled. Up Ready for the Field Pioneez Auto Company Phone 132 B Clayton, N. M. WHEN IN CLAYrON COME IN AND MAKE YOl'R HEADQUARTERS AT . THE DIXIE STORE WHERE YOU WILL FIND PRICES ON MERCHANDISE RE DUCED TO SUIT THE TIMES. The Store that will Please you If you are a customer we know that you are a satisfied ona, nod we express our appreciation of your business. If you are net a regular customer at our store, then we urge you to give us a trial and be salisfiod with every purchase. AT OUR STORE you will find what you waatin the grocery line. Fresh vegetar-A bles and fruits recoived daily. We guarantee Ihe quality oTppy gUUUB. Gentry Sc Selvy Cash Grocery PHONE 57 CLAYTON, NEW MttJUt y \n\n j ilv Knfei licué.