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The CLAYTON N VOIiUMIt VOUIITICHX. XlJIlIKIl 10 III 1 IT. Clayton, New Mexico, February 19, 1921 SU11SCUHTION Il.VTB )U I'JCK Y HAH IN ADVAUOH. t THIS PAPEN IS DEVOTED TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE BEST IN CLAYTON AND UNION COUNTY EIGHT PAGES SPECIAL LEGISLATION Albuquerque Journal' There is no doubt that the callio nnil sheep industries are among tho most important in fhe tale. There is also no doubt thitau enisl in tbese iridukC .- .' . Re quires rarolul consideration. To this theory (In Journal heartily sub scribes. On I he other liainl special class legislation is nius of Hip greatest dangers which besets America. In Ihe past il has been a practice in New Mexico, indulged in with loo little thought. To organizo an industry and to send representa tives of that organization before the legisla! inc. has been lo procure Whatever was demanded, whether wisdom and justice to all delated aiich n course, or not. .Men with political ambitions aro notoriously afraid of their shadows. The fear that Ihey may antagonize some powerful influence, leads them to acquiescence. Very otteii that ac quiescence stamps (hum with weak ness in -the eyes of the public and brings the defeat which Ihey feared tu their aspirations. The crying need in our public life is men with the courage of their convictions. To do the right thing will, in the end, contribute more In permanent suc cess I han any other course. The. right thing is the expedient thing in the long run. In 1017 the initial payment for the purchase of public lands was re duced from ten per cent lo five per cent ami I he time for deferred payments changed from thirty equal annual installments lo "any old limn" within thirty years. This was done in response to the argument that the slate would benefit by gel ling the-e lauds on the tax rolls at lull tatúes. It sounded plausible and the state acquiesced. In I'.M'.i pressure 'brought to bear upon the legislature by orgaiuza-i reduced the atgSessmftut rréíft rtill valuation to a '50 per cant val uation, others were paying on full valuation in spite or outstanding mortgages against (heir land. Tills was distinctly class legislation and was probably unconstitutional, but no one attacked it. .Now in I'.ttl, taking advantage of a svnipathetir public, -the next step is being taken ami this assessment valuation is hem.; reduced to S per venf m.stead of in per cent. ' I'TesninaMy. Iwo years from now an alU'-k will be made upon the pu ill -lit of the i per cent interest' to the slate upon Hie deferred pay ments. 1'erhaps ft uu years from now we will have progressed to a point where the legislature will lie asked to buy the feed for these worthy gentlemen. IiOSS of revenues to tin state is by no means (he least of the dam age resulting from this course by the logmlatlire. Class legislation is a breeder of discontent and bnlshe vism. People grow angry at a gov ernment which loads I he burden of taxation back upui them in order to favor a special few. Their griev ance is a just 'one an.d those too cowardly to resist it are unworthy mUrcprcscntalivcs of Hie whole people. The rancher or stockman who owns his own land is Miflrring from Ihe present conditions of Ihe market just as is the purchaser or lessee of school lands. -To firanl pecial liii'a'ncial favors to the public lessee is n decrease the rental or selling value of the property of the bona fide owner of other lands. It is all wrong, bul a good stiff organization is "putlintr it tu mss.' The "little tax payer "pays the f) eight." The Journal warns legislator and lubbis alike thai .such conduct ul tunalely will bring its own harvest of discredit and ruin. In the end the few will find it unprofitable to have benefited at the expense of the many Unth republican and democratic members of the leuislalurc have been offenders in" this respect. Our comment is therefore without po litical significance. liuli. iduals must bear the burden of the records they are making. Other class legislation is in si all!. Will public opinion stand if.' AS UNION COUNTY WILL APPEAR AFTER MITCHELL S SECESSION j 1 i r-1 rz rtTT MITCHELL'S COUNTY. II. K at the Mock of Seneca was. a caller News office this week. Head. THE NEWS. , yg ir y ... i 1 i U there is no "slip 'twixt Iho cup and Hp" Ed. Mitchell and Kufraoio Gallegos r. going to quit associat ing with us lH' nigh ted taxpayers in what will be left or Union county. They don't like us, so they are hav ing created a little bailiwick of their own and leaving us tu our fate. The line of demarkation between us conuiuiners and the new grand ducfuy is being so fixed as not to leave one inch or their many state laud acres in Union county. Mi. Mitchell brazenly acknowledges that the lines have been drawn wjth that object in view; and when reminded that those linos when so drawn to selfishly satisfy his and his friends' convenience, play the merry devil with the lands of other people, merely shrugs a shrug and sneers a sneer that implies the famous Tweed classic. One is led to the conclusion that Mr. Mitfchell construes his election as senator by Iho people of this county as liconse.-to fix things for Iho sole convenience of himself and INCOME TAX FACTS YOU SHOULD KNOW. IMrllis, deaths and marriages dur ing the year I ftio, affect materially income tax returns for that year. Millions of babies were added to family circles, each or whom brings an exemption of tfüoo m tho parents' income tax return. Widows and widowers who lost their husbands or wives during the year tire especially affocled. They are single for Ihe purposes of tho income tax law and are granted only an exemption ot $1,000, unless the head or a family. Person who nre divorcetl or sep arated by mutual agreement during the year also must consider them selves as single perspus. The status of the taxpayer on December 31, 1020, detorminos the amount of the exemptions. If on that day the taxpayer was married and living with wifo or husband, claim may bo macLp for tho &,000 exemption. If single, or nmrried and not living with wifo or husband it iman'i iiimn nú i " December 31, 1020, the exemption . gooil lo remind him that' there aro I '" only 81.000. a bimiiIIv number of iiunrirori ,.r i Persons who reached majority du- rcitizens of this countv who will ,' ring the year ami wliuso oarmnga for greatly inconvenienced by the sel-!mu' Peno!' animin't lo slow 0r fish arrangement that makes ttiiiiK) ""' 2-W r aoootdiiK nice for him and Eufracn. i "",r '' tal status, must fih ft Take Ihe'peonle m the Dp Haven 1, ,,"n "u l'" "x " map shows tho propo sed southern bounda ry of Union county. All territory south of Uiis line is to be in eluded in Mitchell's county. This line dotfs not run through any land owned or eon- , trolled by Mr. Mitchell GEO, II. WADE CENTEH OF & GO'S. STONE ATTNACTION t'he big sale now being conducted by Ueo. H. Wade & Company is at tracting large crowds. Wednesday morning at 10 o'clock, Iho hour ad vertised for opening the sale, at lca:-t one hundred people blocked the sidewalk in front of the store, eager lo be among the first to make purchases. H . E. Domrese, the man in charge of the sale, is an expert, in handling dry goods; he is thoroughly familiar with present day prions and knows how to meet the wishes of the peo ple. Mr. Domreso is an experienced salesman, and a beliover in printer's ink when telling the people what he has to sell. NEAH EAST HELIEF Moines, .70 cents on the hundred. It is now up to the 0. & S. railroad U) meet (his rale in order to 'give tho people of Clayton the benefit of tho reduction. Mr. Granville is sure that this will be done at the earliest possible dale. Dance at Howard. Hunch The dance given by fjhas. Cham berlain tot. the . Howard ranch, wns quite a success, as all of Charley's friends were remembered with an invitation ami al). it. eevenlyjfive were present I.uiu i. was seised at midnight. Alvn IVn Iv. a ln- enr oll! violini-st. assisfi.i with the mu sic. He slmws real talent, plays with wonderful smoothness and sweet time. Suoh ability as be evlubils should bo given a chance at a mu sical education. In the many appeasl that have been sent out to our American peo ple, and the dire needs lhat evist today in so many place, there is danger of some confusion. For the ' 'ki ton made direct eomiertioii with Mike of the great cause of reliev íiik! 11 '"'ay wagon, and it was nothing the suffering pe. pie of Armenia,' shnrj1, of a miracle that several peo- we would roifui'.J rur readers thatu'"' were not ei lousiy injured. romitry. Ihe Miera country. Hit: Hueyeros country, the Holland coun try Jhardly a one of them is. will ing to go into the Milchelt-Oailegos county: not a one of them wants his land cut up by a county line: certainly none, of them want to trav- I el mapy miles uf awfully bad road to an inconveniently located county seal. Practically all of them 'have signed protests against the personal two-man county proposition; but according to lh . Mitchell-Uallegos code they cau go to hell or Moa queroajong with, the Uro geñUe- wmirfWT fflT raw nianhr-hr Tffwrobk iff tho woods. Another thing Mitchell doesn't i caro about: It takes money lo start new counties. The salaries of two sets of officials "must he paid in stead of the salaries of one set. It takes money lo build courhouses and put in records and Clod knows the people (taxpnying people) of this state are "paying enough taxes. Hut men who have liad passod spec ial legisla! ion lhat only causes them lo pay on a five per cent valuation have no worYy on the taxpaying score. You and I do Urn paying they get the grapes in other words a specially constructed county that suits their convenience and doesn't cost them a cent. And all tho tima íhey are supposed in be represent ing US. Hut US. WK, YOU and I are evidently pronoun foreign to their vocabulary. There is another thing connected with tliia program that needs h iiltle air. Ed. Mitchell is a former democrat, and it is a well known fact lhat when a man turns traitor lo his people animus begins to gonor alo in his restricted hide. He seems In consider that he must make good with his newly found masters, anil in his zeal his former, political as sociates become benighted, ignorant, iio-accounl. unworthy excuses for humans, fit only hi pay the hills for his elect, to whom he elected moa SHOULD CANS III. DHIVEN BY CHILDItllN? One day this week a car beincr: i, .ir driven by a child on Ihe slreels of; ii' 11'1iJ ,. i,,,,,,., r m,., ... that he doesn t want siirh men as Don I' rancisüo Miera. John Knox and numerous others in his county. the "Hoover Fund-' is entirely dis tinct in its objeciiw. and that no contribuí ons made to the "Hoover f'iunl' vo to ret ee Armenia: we would remind our !i tends that it is siil feeing in (.eill al Europe which the "Hoover V , I ' is designed to relieve. ,.nd we tru l that ft will bring forth a'uenei oi.s and p.'.-mpt iespon.se Hut in the face of the President's recent appeal tu the Vmerican people, lei us not overlook the devoted Christian people in Asia Minor who have suffered so terribly at the hand- ol the Turk. Hishop How. Inn uf the M. E. Church. NETTEN C0L HATES PON CLAY- TON. We are advised by (. G. Gran ville, one of Clayton's coal dealers, that Mr. J. ('.. Larkin, sales manager for Hie Swastika Fuel Company, of Halon. lias induced the Han ta Fe railway company lo reduce freight rates on coal from Halon to Des Whilii. there is no law on Ihe slat- lite hooks prohibiting children from driving, it is evident that parents should, in the interest of safely, bo more careful in permittling smaller children In handle ears on the crowded streets. income in excess ot Ujose amount. , To avoid penalty Ihe returns, miHtf''.'1 be in the hands of the Collecturo Internal Revenue for the" district n which the taxpnye' lives, or has 1ii ' principal place of business, on or before midnight of March 15, l!Ct. IUi0l,LI5rD0'ÑATÑf FNEK- , LY TO NEAN EAST HELIEF. Dr. 11. It, Mills, Supervisor for Near East llelief in New Mexico aud Pan- , handle of Texas, states that he is receiving funtls, daily, from all purU of llis liJiik.lWt- I.tlütilHr-Jltt-nnmnrirM tnTrairrinter lilvif,',' in cash. Methodist Siuhiat ichool. $300.fi0 srtliicriplion, llcv. Lunsford's Sunday school clasa Uto. subscription, llotary Club J6Ú0U subscription, tho Woman's Club 13 cash. v. Dr. Mills will give us n completo list of all the local donations for Ibis causo for our next week's puh-licnlinu. Valen! Ino' Party. Uno of the most enjoyable parti ei of the winter was held on Moüday night, Feb. itth, 1921, at the homo of A. It. Chrislensoti, at Sedan. The invitations, gamos, decorations and refreshments carried out Duo Yn,!--enline scheme of hearts in colora. of red and white. Much time ami thai was used in the planning and the guests, who were of the Setfiui ooromunily iiumbei-ed over forty1 yoimg people, who were kept mer rHy occupied by a constaut round of games and music. Franc .Maniiin, Well Known Clay-' Ion AHorney, Dead In Denier v by? Hecause Ihey are demoi rats. and in his category fit only to do the w ill of he, and his kind. The real reason is lhat Obey are men and Americuns wbo will mil Ii ml lliem- Iheir jselves to dirly political evpedienf. They are men who believe it is Iriulil to lax evei-vbndv on the same ! basis and lo guarantee lo all equal New ork SUle Xnicricaii Leiilon on 1 ,...i.i . ..:7:i i...r .i... í... J he .News ,," ., ' ... ... ' ,. ... 'tlie bereiiveil I I. á IB. .It.. I. irciini lor .vein liiisi iiciiex . it.. ,i,ul.', .i ii,..,,, ... i,; i.. i . i... nn i itfliii in. in in iii i .mill A copy or their letter lo Dr. Mills because they would be old-fashion-1 reads as follows; ,MUM,K, t(1 NOt, intelligently HI.,I I "I lake pleasure m iuformiug von democratic, and such a coihm might : t'liat at (lie regular meeting of (ho result in relevulinu' (his new Wil- Franc Maugum. a itfomlsing yotUlg attorney or Claylnn, ijit d in Bhoa pilal at Denver. Colorr.do, las.1 Suttr r day. Mr. Mangun left Clayton ftr r Denver some four weeks ago on into ' IHirlant business, ejecting to re luru in a few days. H suffered a severe attack of i.penlkitis tile day after arriving in Denver, from whifgi he never recovered. Mrs. Mangum, who hid boeg vta., iting relatives in Ma. c n,-Georgia, ' was on her'return trip home whn . she received news oí- Iho death of tier husband. . , , ' Mr. Manguin bad li;d in Dnjieii ; county about one year y mi faftVQf. ' I many friends at Clavloii aud ues ! Monies who will regret t i ttatar Of I his denlh. J'he .News extends iiiiiathv to family. WE THANK YOU State Executive Committee, The American Legion, Department, of their residence and vole in Union New York ,on Saturday, January 15, there was a unanimous vote lo en dorse the work of the Near East Relief Committee. ou are hereby authorized to u.se Ibis endorsement in any manner helpful lo your or ganization. With best wishes for your success in this state, I am, "Sincerely yours. (Signed HUGH W. IWBEnTSON, Assistant to the Commander," helm lo the scrap-heap. county but takes almost all their taxable property into the new scheme. He wants iheir money in taxes but not their votes in elec tions. It is Ihe rawest deal on record. II. L. Heunet of Pennington wu? a caller at the .News office oh Thurs day and advanced Hie dale of his subscription a year. The Vmerican I.emou takes this II., I...... .in ' ' Al" ' """'If MUlllUlt' ui leaves i .,, ,i, ,,.,..,.,,,,...... . , i.i mi- ii-i i vaiiiiiiiii iis-i -1 .it:t;fi ivu- I tiered it by the people u ClayUm ; in making the recent Koine Talent I Play a success. ! J.o. P Mil. I. I'll, I post i;.i, ni, rainier. SUNDAY niWEH. The beat Cttickcn Dinner in lowit will be served al the Pullman Cafe Huitduy mly 35 ceut.s. \n\n v Ss '"" '"""" "SN T i y""1- . i 1 . i .,.ti- v . fe'N - - -.. Mr. Gallegos.