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TIIE CLAYTON NEWS
PAGE THREE PROBLEMS OF THE FARMER AH articles under this head aro contributed, and this column i open for the discussion of Farm Problems or any subject per taining to the welfare of farmers or farm organization. 1L Is not controlled by any individual, but is open to anyone who dosires to air his views on agricultural subjects. Hut articles of abusive or purely political or roligious nature will not bo considered. None of these articles have any bearing whatever on the policy of tills paper. All articlos must bear the signature of the writer. WHAT'S IX A NAME? If we cull a sheep's tail n leg. how many legs has a hfep' Someone is uro to answer "five," bucauso wo ure so in the habit of thinking Dial things an what we call them. 801110 institutions t lint are called cooperative aro run for the selfish Interests of a few calling them co operative doe? not innke them coop erative. Pome institutions that are prinlely owned and would nntur ully, be supposed to he run Tor the interests of the owners ure really run for the mutual interests of own ers and patrons. Ftiilitur to call them cooperative dops not keep them from being cooperative. .As much as twelve years ago "Hob'' Palmer and I lie writer had visions of a creamery and ice plant in Clay ton. I started out to lake a census of the milk rows of the county and work up interest among the farmers. Bob worked on the Clayton Chamber of Commerce, or whatever the busi ness mens organization was called in those days. We didn't get very far. We would meet occasionally and cheer each other up and those wore the only cheers we ever got. It will be (on years next month since I lie first cream was shipped out of Clayton. The amount that was shipped out I" 1012 was very in significant, liul. it was a beginning. However, Iwo or three years later, t ho cream business had bce-iine quite an item. Several of the stores act ed as cream stations. Then someone else started in where Bob Palmer and I left off. One of the Clayton papers was, for quite a while, very enthusiastic in its efforts lo get someone to start a creamery in Clayton. The leading inducement that was held out was Hie enormous profit (hat a cream ery man would mako in Clayton. Nobody got caught on (hat golden bait. 1 never heard how many nib bled at the bait. For my part I was "not sorry that no shark was landed. I somehow do not like to do busi ness with a man whose every act is marked with the dollar sign. Finally Mr. Ilamin, in a very mod est way, started a creamery in Clay ton. It has been running part of the time for the past (wo years. Now comes Mr. Dickmau witli a real proposition. I have never met (he gentleman, but he recommends himself very highly. If he is as good as the Hickman's I knew in my boyhood days he is all right. He proposes a real creamery, an ice cream factory and ice plant. He promised two cents above the sta tion price for butterfal, but he is doing better than (hat. For many years I have dreamed of a cooperative creamery in Clay ton, but that did not gel me or any- A Tiny Spark Causes Fires A match carelessly thrown aside muy come in contact with an o::plosir and i?ui:ae tremendous loss. Cause; f explosions are often matters of negligence. Danger n.a ho minimized w.lli iüiü. First, secure roliablo fire insurance if you do not have il, Thon givo some sorious thought to Firo Provontion. This agency of Hie Hartford Firo Insuranco Company will cooperate with you. Call or phone. UNION COUNTY AGENCY McFadden & Itlxey Insumce That Insures one else anywhere. Now that wo have Hie creamery and seemingly the right kind of a man !o run it, let's make it cooperative. In fact, lo succeed, a creamory must be co operative. Whether it is privatoly owned or cooperatively owned, it will not get very far without the cooperative spirit. What's in a name? Mr. Hickman lakes the first step in showing the cooporntive spirit he offers (wo cents above the sta tion price for but(erfa(. He can af ford to do that. He doesn't have to pay express charge on butler milk and cream cans, neither does he have to pay a station man for test ing the cream. Churninir the butter in Clayton cuts out those unneces sary expenses and nro adds to the quality of the butter. A long ride in an express car does not improve the quality of (he cream. Mr. Hickman offers lo divide this saving with us. He didn't have (o divide this saving with us. He could have kepi it all. Bui because he slarls out lo divide up with u, Hie big creameries go on I he war path. Up goes the price al (lie stations. Let us not fool our selves. IT they can put Mr. Biek nian out of business, down goes (he price again. They are buying cream in hundreds of towns and they can afford to put this price almvo the market in one town at a time over their territory for (lie sake of keep ing it cleared of competitors. Be not deceived. The producer pays the express on the buttermilk and the cream cans and the station man's commission. A real creamery in Clayton is a long step on the road to permanent prosperity in Union county. Let the farmers manufac ture their grass and grain into cream and let the Clayton Creamery man ufacture that cream into butter and ice cream. Hairy cows call for bogs and poultry. And there you have the, golden trinity of permanent prosperity. I repeal a creamery must bo co operativeespecially in Clayton at this lime. Wo have talked coopera tion. Farmers have talked coopera tion. The Claylon Chamber of Com merce has talked cooperation, I think even the preachers have preached cooperation. Hut that does not get us anywhere. The way to cooperate is to cooperate. Mr. Hickman has taken the first step. Tim next logical step would be for every farmer lo sell him his cream, regardless of the price offer ed by competitors. If he pays two cents above what the big creameries are paying al other stations he is doing his pari. The fancy price of fered at the nearby stations is just a warning as lo how much they in tend lo rob us after they put the Claylon creamery out of business. A very artistic bit of cooperation would be for (he cream stations in Claylon and surrounding territory all to turn their patrons to the Clay lon Creamery. It might mean a temporary hardship for some, bul that is what cooperation means. Hut in the long run il will pay, because dairy prosperity in Union county means prosperity for all. Another step in cooperation would he for all Clavlon merchants to cease handling hit Iter substitutes and handle only butter from (he Clayton Creamery. The big creameries will not only try to keep Mr. D'cknian from buying cream; they will also Iry lo keep him from selling buller al a profit. It might not be possible or practicable to cease handling dairy butter at once, but. that should come very soon. Unless one makos a grade of buller thai suits a special loiip of customers, it does not pay lo make butler on Iho farm. There I just as much money and less work ii selling cream. Toe way to boost enthusiastically is to gel something that you can enthusiastically boost. Boosting is a MM? r- al sort of cooperation. Give the Claylon Creamory a chance. Yes, and give il a boost and thus boo3t yourself and all of us. C. E. ANHKRSON. COST OF PRODUCTION A IHG FACTOR IN FIGURING GAINS Farmors during tho past two years have boon working under a heavy handicap and it has only been tho exceptional farmer who lias been able (o show a profit. Prices have been so far out of lino and so much deponded on the price rocoived that ono is liable lo ovor-omphasizo tho impnrlanco of prico in dotormlnintr profit. 'IWIH For short poriods, prices uro no 11 1 1 man mm 1 IK doubt of more importance than cost of production in determining profits. For long periods, however, this is not the case. In the long run, prices will always lend to be such that the majority of farmers are able to make at least a small profit in their operations and il is the farmer who keep (he cost of production down who will come mil on top in the end. Labor is a big factor in the pro duction of most agricultural prod ucts, and is an item that should be carefully scrutinized, says specialists or the New Mexico Agricultural Col lege. This applies (0 both man labor and horso labor. In case of horse labor, probably ono of the greatest sources of wasle and increased costs is to have the horses remain idle during a large nnrt of the year. Sizo is another factor (hat must he taken into consideration. It is difficull to produce cheaply on a very small farm. The farm should bo large enough in order that labor and machinery can bo economically employed, but not so large that there is needless wasle in going and coming from the fields. Size of busi ness is not. determined by nrea alone but also by the intensity with which (ho land is cultivated. The size of business that any farmer should un dertake will depend largely on the ability and resources of the farmer, hut it will be difficult, for even the most able farmer to make a good in come on a very small farm. The price received for grain fed (0 (he dairy cow can largely bo de termined by Hie farmer himsclg, by choosing the right kind of a cow to feed. CURIOSITIESn OF TIIK NEWS Washington, April 1.'). A Chicago architect is building an apartment wilh a baby buggy locker for every apartment and offers every tenant a bonus of $25 for every baby born in the house. A New Jersey man carries off the prize for being the most forgetful man in Hie world. He left bis motor car on a ferry boat and look a taxi to his office. Tho police gathered ni the motor and began to look for (he supposed suicide. The police authorities suspended sentence to await developments as lo whether a man who would forgot he had a car might not forget lo slop il. some time. A Washington, H. C, engravor has ennui Tiiiip mnnllis nf snnrn lime nnrl produced a perfect engraving of the capiioi miuaing upon me neau 01 an ordinary pin. A two-year-old baby of Sacramen to, Calif, fell into a pond. Whii ranlic nurse and parents waned to her the youngster began to swim and succeeded in swimming herself to shore. A Seatllo criminal wanted for six months by the police has finally been apprehended. Ho was found on the police force that was hunting him. lie had served in uniform for six mouths. Two Washington, H. C, men dis puted ownership of a dog. Taken lo court, the judge loft it to the dog to decide, which tho sagacious animal did so emphatically that all who witnessed Iho canine demonstration were satisfied ho had chosen his r;ghtful owner. Now Is tho time lo plant trees. I havo all kinds Fruit and Shade Trees, Climbing and Evorbloomiug Hoses, Shrubbery, Berry Hushes, Hhubarb and Horse lladish Hoots, Everbearing Strawberry Plants, flrape Vines. Nursery 103 Tasl Mag nolia SL, Pliono 219. G. A. P.ODELL. KW'ill P """l''1" t I I-P. r is something everyone likes to ' ride in and The Riding is Good WMIHIIIflHNiillllli'X ''iin: SU! i IVKúVU ''Ull M mmNWimammmm JOIN THE HAPPY CROWD Going to the Union Meetings SWEET SINGING SOUND SERMONS M. E. Church 7:30 P. M.