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THE CLAYTON NEWS
PAGE TUREE Problems of the Farmer A JOKER Tlu' writer always seeks to dis miss the problems or the farmer from a non-partisan standpoint. Anyone not familiar with the polit ical faith of the persons mentioned below might suspect something par tisan. So bear this in mind. Mr. F. C. Field is-the worth? edit or of the Clayton Citizen, and so far as the writer knows he was born u Republican. The attorney general whose opinion of a year ago is prais ed is the same human boing whose opinion of this year is ridiculed. So far ns the. writer has been informed he hns not changed his party affil iations, although he seems (o have changed bis source of inspiration. Of the county commissioner re ferred to the writer nlcd for some whom he condemns and voted against some of whom he praises. The Constitutional Convention, of which our old neighbor, Floyd ('. Kiold was an honored member, put into Sect. 0, of Article VIII the fol lowing provision: "The plowing of land shall not be considered as add iug value, thereto for the purpose of luxation." Our ex-conunissioners and ex-assessors, in spile of the constitution, placed a higher valua tion on cultivated land than upon uncultivated land of the same char acter. Last year, through our worthy district attorney, Hugh H. Wood ward, the Fnion County FarnvBu reau appealed to the attorney gen eral for his opinion His opinion at that lime was emphatic the con stitution had been violated. Ac cordingly, our present county com ' missioners made I be 1921 assessment In harmony with the constitution and the attorney general's opinion. Now comes this interesting opin ion from the same attorney general: 1 "Section 0 of Article VIII of tlu Constitution provides among other things that the plowing of land shall not be considered as adding value thereto for the purpose of taxation "This is the law which is used by many persons as an excuse for claiming Hint cultivated lands are not to be assessed at a higher valua tion than uncultivated and unplowei lauds. 'The most, cursory examination o the constitutional provision does not iustify any such holding. The mere plowing of lands alone shall not be taken to increase their value i purposes of taxation, but the cul tivalinn of lands does increase them so that they are more valuable and may be su considered by taxing or ficials. The sowing of seed, the har rowing of land, its productiveness ils availability for agricultural pur poses and many other elements may be present which increases its value for taxation purposes. "There should not be any diffi oulty in determining whether ,land fling, hoeing, sledding, planting, sow ing, or drilling, of land shall not be considered as adding valuo thereto for thu purpose of taxation." You would think that was explicit enough. Hut no, along conies our brilliant attorney gonural, who would probably decide that the per forming of any or all of the above list of agricultural operations "alone shall not be taken to increase their value for purposes of taxation, but" be harvesting of a crop from that land does increase, etc. If you were commissioned In ound up anarchists and law break ers, where would you begin? I'orgel for a moment that we have an attorney general who is openly directing our county oinciais ai a wholesale rate! to openly violate plain and just provision of our stale constitution. If the const tu- tion is unfair or unjust we can and should amend it, but consider litis: If you own a $."00 piano and keep ii locked up in the parlor all the year you are supposed to pay the same lax on it that you would pay on it if you used it ten hours per day and thus made it help you earn $5,000 per year. If you own mules worth mX) and keep them idle all the year you are supposed to pay the same tax on Ihein thai you would pay if you used them to good advantage every day of the year. Likewise, according In our consti tution, if you own land worth 8500 and keep it just to look at you ar supposed to pay the same tax on it 1 1 1 ii I vmi would if you used it to good advantage in the production of crops. The method of assessing cultivat ed land higher than uncultivated land of the same quality was be coming common and was so mani festly unjust that the framers of our conslilntion sought lo protect ns from dial injustice. The price of justice in a Republic is I he liallpt hacked up by public opinion, and public senliinent i miguiicr man tue imiioi. we can use Hie hallnl only about one day in Hie year, hut we can make pubh fenlinieiit every day in the year. Will public sentiment allow our constitution to be treated as aliuue joke? C. K. ANDERSON. commissiii.miiis' pnocKr.iiiMis Tlw Hoard of County Commissioners met thin 1st day of May. 1922, there be ing present Hon. K. M. Rutlcdge, Chair man, Clrant Denny anil Jack Zurich, member, and C. C. Caldwell, clerk. The report of viewers on Itoad No. 117 was received and deferred until the next meeting of the board. The report of viewers on l'roposed Kond N'o. 126, was received and reject ed. TÍo board does now adjourn until 9 is more valuable by reason of being "'íítrl. . ......... l UItl.UU II Ilia.. II n i.) i,..-,; "The attention n. D. Coulnon, Dep. Assessor, 132.00. 1 R W. Wagner, 160.00. L. lt. Scarlott, Dep. Assessor. $83.00. S.,W. Hnnj, Dep. Assessor, 175.00. CJ. M. Hlxlcr, Dep. Assessor, 154.00. lt. D. Hutchinson, Dep. Assessor, 160. Tranclto Homero, Dep. Assessor, H0. r. II. Mundy, Dep. Assessor, M0. 56. Clyde I. Thomas, Dep. Assessor, ISO. Perry Uest, Dep. Assessor, $78.00. M. I. Sanchex, Dep. Assossor, $97.00. T. D. ItlKht, Dep. Assessor, $140.0. A IS. Snyder, Dep. Assessor, $1.50.00. Mrs. W. K. Howard, Dep. Assessor. $100.00. C. D. WlKBlns. Dep. Assessor. $100.00. Jabe Wolford, Dep. Assessor, ?1 50.00. N. A. Scott. Dep. Assessor, $75.00. Th ii Hoard does now adjriurn until 9 o'clock tomorrow. Tho board met pursuant to adjourn ment of yesterday, present the same members. Tho following road bllle wer ap proved: John A. Scott, road work, $3.00. John Hughes, road work, $141.00. John Oil worth, road work, $15.00. Tom Hughes, road work, $497.55 Jack Mock, road work, $27.75. Roo Olenson. road work. $8.00. Teoflllo rtaol, road work, $13.00. M. r. Blackburn, road work, $19.50. John Ward, road work. $22.50. Wall lllackburn, road work, $301.36. Prank -Slniltz, mad work, $14.00. t.clanrt Stone, road work 253.40. Illir Jn I.br. Co., road work. $6.7R Leslie Hughes,' road work. $33.00. l.eland Ployd, road work, $14.25. Jim Cooper, road work, $30.00. Itlch Kddleman, road work, $15.0(i. On y Freeman, road work, $7.50. Albert Chnney, road work, $18.00. Asa Ward, road work, $20.25. -Walt lllackburn, road work, $61.90. William Walker, road work, $6.00. Krank Mock, road work, $6.00. Matt Sellers, road work, $6.ou. Ernest Kwlng, road worrt, $10.50. Clarence Kaua, road work, $10.00. Hermnn Olllesple, road work, $60.00. Comley Lumber Co.. supplies, $52.50. Wli Jo I.br. Co., $166.55. H. H. Holmes, road work. $36.20. Clayton Oarage, road work, $ .85. c.uy Wood, mileage. $22.26. A. I.. Myers, road work, $05.00. Milton Husscll, road work, $25.50. Clifford Carpcntiir. road work, $1 50 Otto Johnson, road supplies. $124.25. W. I.. Kubns, repairs, $278.25. M. W. Parry, road work, $1.50. Dun Hoby, road work, $11.25. W. J. Miner, road work. $76.00. Oren Tcmpleton, road work, $19.50 K. Kmrli'k, road work. $3.00. I. eo i:iklu, road work, $3.00. J. T. Korehand, road work, $3 00. Turn irons, road work, $3.00. Ceo. Ileckner, road work, $3.00. II. P. llutt, road work, $3.00. J. J. Swnggerty, road work, $3.00. M. ,N". Murphy, road work, $3.00. Hen Williams, road work, $3.00. Kl llergln, road work, 3.00. A. T. Heekner, road work, $3 00 J. M. Melton, road work, $3.00. A. II. Newman, road work, $3.00. S. A. Price, road work, $3.00. H. A. Wllhelm. road work, $3.00. Azar Bros, road work, $20.00. There being no further business, the board does now adjourn, subject to call. Hoard of Co. Commissioners. Ily K. M. Rutledge, Chairman. Attest: C. C. Caldwell, Clerk. of all assessors! should he directed to the fact that lands that have been producing or aro in condition to produce after having been properly plowed, culti vated and planted, are more valu able for all purposes than unplnwed lands and should be so valued in connection with taxation valuation." The author of that opinion ought to he dis-barred till he had served fifteen years making a half seclion of virgin dry farming land "more valuable for all purposes than un plnwed lands." Perhaps by that lime he would be qualified lo inter pret Art. Vni, Sect. 0. of our con stitution. Mr. Field assures mo that the con stitutional convention deliberately put that provision in the constitu tion to relieve the tanner from the possibility of being penalized for making use of his land. Now, if the attorney general's latest opinion is a (iorrect interpretation of the consti tution, the provision is a joker and friend Field was one of the original victims along with him. Another possibility that would account for the attorney general's interpretation would bo that Mr. Field and other friondi of agriculture slipped this provision into the Constliution un noticed by hostile interests and how that they have discovered the joker Ihey are seeking to have I uulíiPt'd through the attorney general. You remember how the Woolen Trust got by the anti-profiteering law and kept their criminally accu mulated plunder? The law pepal ined profiteering in food, fuel, cloth ing, elc, nnd the court decided that cloUi was not clothing! So those who profiteered in cloth were imniuno from tho penalties of the law! Suppoao we try to frame a law I hat is inoapablo of that sort or per versión of tho king's English. Mr. Fluid, or whoever was tho author of Soot. 6, Art. VIII, should have writ ten "Tho plowing, listing, harrowing. iHiltivaling. discing, go-ücvilJing, jti. Buy Your Refrigerator NOW We Have This Seasons Shipment Of ALASKAS Here" SEVEN DIFFERENT SIZES, Ih-iees $18.50 to $48.00 LET lTS SHOW THEM TO YOl' LASK CORK INSULATED REFRIGERATOR qA LIFE PRES6WFOR food mm mi . i mm in inent of yesterday, present the same members. Walter Jamison was duly appointed Justice of the Peace In and for Pre. cinct 25. The County Road Supt. was Instruct ed to arrange to secure bids for bridges an follows: Une on Ute Creek, one ou the Perico, and one on the Seneca. The Following Dills were t)ul Approved t C. H Clagett. repairs, $148.60. Hazel Caldwell, Dep. Assessor, $15.00. It. W. Miller, Dep. Assessor, $76.00. W. II. Scarlott, mileage, $30.00. C.eo. W. Cuyer, plat books, $410.52 Colfax County, board of C K. Lord, $114.00. T. S. Snyder, J. P. foes $52.55. J. H. Vaughn, const, fees, $22.00 John Sprint;, const, fees, $3.20. Dan Roberts, board of prisoners, $722.75. Dan Roberts, expense, $140.68 A. C. Loveless, salary, $25.00 N. M. Plbg. Co., repairs, $147 00 C II. Clagett, repairs, $164.10 (Ico. Ruble, expense, $26.08. A. U Myers. J. P. fees, $13.00 Í!. Moore, const, fees, $6.60. II. J. Nelson, supplies, $2.00. A. J. MoDonald, prelim, hearing, $7 00. Dr. Douthlrt, mileage, etc., $80.27 Otto" Johnson, supplies, $14.20. (1. N. Cogdlll, J. P. fees, $6.00. Parmers Supply Co., $12.85 Crane & Co., $5.66. J. T. Loper, $5.00. I W. llolley and Son, $40.00. U W. Holley and Son, $13.51). K. P. Kllburn, $57.00. Clayton Laundry, $4.20. City Office, $73.50. City Office, $95.95. Clayton News, $93.12. County Clerk, expense, $26,18. J. C. Smlthson, $18.40. W. T. Atohley, Dep. Assessor, (leo. Oaylord, Dep. Assessor, GARDNER S. CHAPIN. M. II. Physician and Surnron Gladstone, N. JI. J $54.00. $60.00. Juan C. Martinez, Deputy Assessor, $90.00. ISmillo Pacheco, Dep. Assessor, $36.00. It. L. Sparks, Dep. Assessor, $100.00. , (Jeo. Meaner, Dep. Assessor, $16.00. II. U Myers, Dep. Assessor, $70.00. It. J. Chapman, Dep. Assessor, $60.00. 3. R. Klrby, Dep. Aseessar, $79.00. J. A. Hunter, Dep. Assesor, $67.00. Chas. Wood, Dep. Assessor, $6.50. Wm. F. Lindgren, Dep. Assessor, $86.00, IB AS economical H xo. as it is pure, K Lytona makes H the best baking H Bake with HATCHING EGGS s. ;. itiioni: island hei, puhe diucd Heavy l.ayiiin, Prize Winning Stock, S'J.HO and $3.50 for 15 Hj Parcel Post, Prepaid FRANK 0. BLUE 1 in V. Hroadwiiy. Phone US CLAYTON, N. 3L Ozmun Mercantile Co. WE Bl'Y SEI.I. AMI EXCHANGE NEW AND SECOND HAND FUHN1TUHE Our Prices Are Right State of New Mexico, 1 County of Union ) In the District Court Tbos A. flray, and H. C Rvlns, A. flray, and H. C Plaintiffs, M. HvIiih and Herman J Defendants. No 5127. Hllgers, xoTiiK oy i-oiir.CLONUiu: sai.i:. PL'Iil.lC NOTICK Is hereby given thut the undersigned will sell at public auc tion, on the 29th day of May, 1922, at ten o'clock, A. M., nt the Kant front door of the Court House at Clayton, New Mexico, the following desorlbed property, to-wlt: Fixtures, furniture, shop equip ment, aoei'ssoi les, supplies, roer, chundlso, Including nil pump, kuso llne pump and tank, drill press, chain hoist, motor, belting ani shaftliiK, electric sign, tires, tubes, hardware, and other property lirouKh) within and remaining within the City Oarage In Clayton, Now Mexico; that the said sale will be made to sat isfy a landlord's lien on the said prop erty foreclosed In the District Court of I'nlon County, New Mexico, In a suit In which Thos. A. dray and II. C. Kvlns are plaintiffs, nnd W. M. Kvlns and Herman J. Hllgers are defendants, Cause No. 6227, and that the amount of said debt Is $424.00, and costs $ ; together with accruing costs of adver tising and sale. DAN T. RQUKRTH, ..Sheriff. Thos. R Savage, Attorney for Heman J. HllgerK flayton,'New Mexico. 411 6.1 STOP THAT ITCHING Ii,you suffer from any form of skin disease such as Itch, Eczema, 'IVltor, Ringworm, Crackhands, Sor Keot, Dandruff, Falling Hair, Old Sores, or Sores on children, or any oilier skin di.sen.so wo will well you a jar of Blue Star Remedy on a guar antee thai if not satisfied wo wilJ return your inonoy. Wansor Drug Co. NOTICK 1'OU PUni.IOATlO Department of the Interior, (J. S Uind Office at Clayton, New Mexico. May 2, 1922. , Notice Is hereby given that Alejandre Cralne, of Kenton, Oklahoma, who, on April 26, 1922, made Additional Home stead Kntry, Serial No. 027742. for Lot I, 4, NKU8WU, Sec. 6, Twp.-31 North Range 36IS.. HttNUU, SKNWVi, Sec 22, SKUSKW, NUV4SWW. HBKNWVi Section 29, Township 32N., Hinge 36IS. N. M. P. Meridian, has filed notice ol Intention to nthke Pinal Three Tear Proof, tp establish alalm to the lana above desorlbed. before Charles P Tal. ! hot, II. K. Commissioner, at his office in C)ayton, N. M, oh the 6th day ol June, 1922. Claimant namea as witnesses: Uartolo Vallejos, Carl It. Potter, Rob ert R. Pottgr, William K. Thompson, all of Kenton, Oklahoma, II. II. ERRBTT. 5-S-6-X Ileglater.