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TIIE CLAYTON NEWS
PAGE TIinEE PROBLEMS OF THE FARMER All articles under this head iiro contributed, and this column is open for the discussion of Farm Problems or any subject per taining to the welfare of farmers or farm organization. It is not controlled by any individual, but is open to anyone who dosiros to air his views on agricultural subjects. Hut articles of abusive or purely political or religious nature will not bo considered. None df these articles have any bearing whatever on the policy of this paper. All articles must bear the signature of the writer. TINKERING THE TARHT . Jusl now we have at Washington ninety-six senators spending morl of their valuable time tinkering: (he lariff. Some work -alontf lhat lint bus already been done nv others'. The Way and Means ronimiltiv i f the llou.ie spent weeks drafting the lariff schedule then Hie Houni rjumiI weeks upon it. then the Finance Committee of the Sena! pt'i.l weeks upon it, and now the Senate is working upon it. Aflcv thi Sen ale gels through tinkeriua the hill, d'o differences between the bdl as passed by Ihe senate and the bdl us Iiassd by the House will b" smooth ed out and by the lime it reaches the president ready for his it;na turo it will represent thou-: in. is of hours of labor and millions oi dol lars of expense and it ivill suit no one. Some will defend it a a mat ter of policy and some will denounce it as a mailer of habit. It will be a compromise and a compromise never suits anybody. Kach of the i,000 articles mention ed in the bill is the possible source of debate, log rolling, petty politics, trust making, trust "busting." rev enue, protection anil many other virtuous and vicious consequences. Perhaps the tariff will be an impor tant, issue in the coming congres sional election. Even if we know nothing about the tariff our votes next November will decide whether the present lariff bill will he al lowed ti) remain on the statute hooks for two years after H once pots on or lie immediately replaced by a new tariff schedule. have two propositions to sub mit. One is that we will never have a sane lariff schedule until we. (he people, put the tariff regulation in to the hands of a non-partisan lar iff commission after the plan of the Interstate Commerce. Commission. 'Hie tariff is a pure business propo stion and ought to he taken out of politics and must he taken out of politics. My other proposition is We farmers must stand together for a "square Meal' in lariff legislation no matter what policies may he pur sued in tariff legislation. No matter how much sand spell binder politicians may fry fo throw into your eyes there are four main purposes (hat every tari if bill is expected to accomplish, vi.: pro vide revenue, protect home indns tris, boost Dip Business, and gel votes, lie not decieved by oily lon gued orators nor by cleverly writ fen editorials. The Demneraiir par ly will never draft a tariff bill fur revenue only. The IJepublican Par ly will never draft á tarirf bill for revenue and (he protection of infant industries only. And of course a free trade bill is ouf of the question from either party. Of course. I am epeaking of the possibilities of the near future. I would not venture fo prophecy what might or might not happen twenty-five years from now. Wo must face the farts of todav. No matter who frames Ihe tariff bill it is absurd to imagine lliat Rig Rusi ness can maintain hundreds of lob byists and witnesses at Washing ton besides "owning" several seals in congress without gelling some advantages from tariff legisla! ion. II. is also absurd (o think that the "dear people" back home are never given a few choice crumb thai are deliberately let fall from the richly loaded lable at the big tariff feast. These crumbs are well worth the sacrifice because they help the dear people to decide which way to vote. Let u.s face the possibilities squarely. We could get by under free trade. Oiven a reasonable time for readjust menl. we would find ourselves still able lo produce and trade and consomé. Humanity rami into existence and prospered f,.v a considerable time befor 'he inven !icn of the cirlom hotisw We coi'lo ret by under a tariff for revem-.e only. The government mist have an income and if the hrirr were adjusted to produce the maximum of revenue wicniM rdi ist our ln; im ss affairs to me.'l hai cnndilio.i If we had a tariff fur protection wily, wo could ad ins!, oui selves.- . that. If we had a tariff-wall hish enough to appease Ihe avarice of Itig Business we could adjust t-.i'r-selves to thai condition and -t;il gel by. If we ,,d a tui-iff bill drawn up with a la:t lo win ovry olo, I an: not sure that we would" survive Some oí us, -it least, might puf rorth some eTn j lo survive the shock. In measuring the merits and de merits of a tariff bill Hiere ir a few basic pi inciples lo be always kepi in mind: I. An import dutv will not raise the price whe-e aii uuorgani.ed industry produces a surplus for export. A duly of live dollars per bushel on wheat would not raise Ihe price one cent so long as American farmers are unorgan ized and produce a surplus for ex purl. An import duly will not produce revenue unless there are imports. :j. An import, duly upon (h producís of an organized" indus try enables (hat, industry to main lain abnormally high prices een if it produces for export. Such a tar iff produces no revenue for the na tional treasury but makes rich ud itilious lo Hie income of Hig Busi ness. S. Where home production is large and Hie imports are small in comparison an import dutv pro duces a small income for (lie gov erumenl and a large income tor Hig Business. 5. When home produc tion is small and the imports -are large in comparison, an import dutv produces a large income for Ihe government and adds a little to fhe income of the infant industry, o. An apparently good protection tar iff on some article may be largely neutralized by imports under bond For example we may have an im port duly on wheal lo proteel Ihe northern rarmers from Canadian wheal. The Minneapolis mills mav wish In export flour to Liverpool". They can import cheap Canadian wheat under bond, grind it. and ship II lo Liverpool without paying any import duty. The binding' expense is only nominal. In tinkering the tariff it seems to me thai nearly everyone loses sight of fhe oilier side of the lariff ques tion, and (hat is this: In the end imports must be paid for by ex ports. The balance fniist some iluy be settled. Neither nations nor in dividuals can do business indefin itely on credit. For example. Ger many cannotdump her cheap man ufactured articles upon us indefin itely unless we can (lump our cheap gold or cheaji. pork or cheap wool upon her to balance Ihe account. If China ships us tea produced by How Much Money? Diil you over figure how mtich moicy you lose each year by feed ing1 your grain to grade and scrub hogs? Pure-bred Dtiroc-Jersey hogs are improved machines for tlio manufacturo of grains and grassos into pork. Durocs are hardy and are excellent foragers and grazors. Duroc-Jorseys cheapen tho cost of production. Uso pure-bred-Duroos and,mako moro money. Good Durocs can bo bought in your community at profitable prices. Write us for helpful infor mation and list of breeders sent free. N i The National Duroc-Jersey Record Association PEORIA, ILLINOIS . coolio labor at starvation wages we must pay the bill by selling her something which we can produce at less than coolie prices. If Chi nese labor at ten cents per day can produce automobiles cheaper than Henry Ford can produce them and pay tho freight to China, Henry Ford will never sell manv automo biles in China. In other words; the American laborer must do more for ten cents than the Chinese coolie does for ton cents to enable' Henry Ford to export his products lo Chi na. . The farmers' great grievance is this both Democratic and Ilepub lican tariffs have raised ihoNnriec of Hie things tjie fanner niustbuy without a corresponding increase in the jirice of the things he has fo sell. This is partly because Big Business has manipulated the lar iff against us and partly because we haven't organized to protect our own business. C. E. ANDERSON. PROLIFICACY IX PURE RREDS illy Joe Haaga. Asst. Sec. Nat'l Du-roc-.lersey Itecord Assn.' The number of pigs farrowed and raised by a brood sow has a direct bearing on the net profit sb,. re turns her owner each year. The cost of each pig at birth is deter mined by what if has post to feed aud care for the sow during the whole year. If a sow farrows only ten pigs in twelve months, these ten pigs have cost af birth lime just twice as much as if the same sow had produced twenty pigs in the same period. It is therefore a good idea lo keep in (he herd only (hose "brood sows thaf have and raise large inters. Prolificacy is one of the strong points of pyre- bred sows of all breeds. Adherents of the different breeds of registered swine have al ways maintained (hat pure bred sows are superior lo grade and scrub miws or those of mixed and uon-deseripl breeding in their ten dency to have.laiye lillers and in Iheir ability In War I hem safelv In weaning age. in ubstantiutoñ r (his claim a few figures, recently obtained from lh( pure bred herds of four Duroe Jersey breeders In caled in dilferenl stales, are inter esting. These four hrds are repre sentative of the average breeder. No attempt was made lo select cer tain particular herds in which un; usual rcords were attempted and made. The information was obtain ed in a casual way so as lo present an honest and fair estimate of the reproductive power of.th,, pure bred sow and what, she can do on the farm when given , proper allenlion in the way of food and shelter. The first farm reported nine sow" farrowing Pi) pigs and raising 77 oí them. Six of these litters were raised by gills and the other three by I red sows. In Ihe noxl-licrd eight saws farrowed 8!) pigs and suc ceeded in raising 77 of them to weaning lime. The third farm giv ing figures is operated on somewhat of an extensive scale growing hogs principally for market, most or the animals sold for breeding stork go ing lo neighbors. .'Cm pigs were far row I'd by ;Ci sows. This includes gills wilh their first tillers and older sows.- Of the total number of pigs produced '.'Rl were raised by the sows. The fourth herd had ten sows farrow l.'ll pigs, y; 0r which were saved and raised. According (o these figures IW sows produced a total of 071 pigs or an average of a little lieljer than 10 1-5 pigs per liller. The average number of pigs raised was H 1- for each sow. These fig ures give ample evidence of the pro lificacy of the pure bred sow. In addition I hey show that her mother instinct is highly developed and thai she will care for her young and raise llieni. If is not intended thai these fig ures should mislead anyone. The averages made are very good hut would not have been possible had (he sows uo bad Ihe proper rations and been cared for and handled in the right manner. Tim pure bred sow will do her pari but Hie care laker or feeder must also he on the job. The increased tonnage of pork per sow possible through the use of Hire breds is worthy of the con sideration of our fanners. Tanlac relieves rheumatism by.rc nioviug the cause. Wanser Drug Co. CHICHESTERS PILLS THIS DUROC IS A MONARCH IX THE FEED LOT. DIAMOND BRAND LADISS I A. mi 'Urmia for Cni-CnHS-THR 8 A jiwu.iu uu ruu la kko and. Colo metallic boxes, tealed with uddoh. jikb no OTni. bi BranUt aa uk for cllbClU DIAMOND BR1ND IMLL8, for tweotT-flffl yean regaraea a uest.sarett, Alwaya Reliable. i Rko ndj with Dluc ÜS&uíZSSV SOLD BY ALL DRUGGISTS EVERYWHERE Sg&B T1MK Buy Your Refrigerator NOW We Have This Seasons Shipment Of ALASKAS Here SEVEN DIFFERENT SIZES, Prices $18.50 to 18.00 LET I S SHOW THEM TO YOU LASKÁJ CORK INüiiinTcn la REFRIGERATOR qA LIFE cPRESSVeFOR FOOD Ozmun Mercantile Co. I 1ST and WAIAVT LET I S SHOW YOU OI 1U NEW LINE OF FURNITURE SOME REAL HAROAINS IX SLIGHTLY USED PIECES Our Prices Are Right HATCHING EGGS S. C. RHODE ISLAND RED, PURE BRED Heavy Laying, Prize WlnninH Stock$2.50 aud $3.50 Tor 15 Hy Parcel Post, Prepaid FRANK 0. BLUE I in W. Rroadway, Phone 155 CLAYTON, N. SL Losing Another's Property The Unpardonable Sin IT FLOATS NOT SOAP ? ? ? ?