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7 WINTER LANDING AT THE MINOT LEDGE LIGHT. In nn nrtlclo 8t. Nicholas on "Lighthouses," Lieut. Kllleott of tho Untied Stales navy soys: "Tho Mediterranean sea wan thn Brent crnilto of commoroo, niul no mo of tho nnelont beacon tmvcrn nt thn on tntiico to IU hnrltors stood Intact fur centuries. Tho giant ststuo known ns tho Colossus, nl I'mIos, In supposed to lmvo been used nil n boncon and light house tho uprcnil of tho legs ot thnl great figure, of Apollo Indicating tho lmrbor ontranco by tiny, while- a ftro litirnml In tho palm ot his uplifted co lossal liand at night. Although tho ac count of tho Colossus In only n matter of guesswork, It la historically tmo that In thoso ngos'of Ijinnrant hecdlcs no) of tho need of boneotiH a light house wnn built no Brand In propor tions, bo ondurlii; In ehnrnctor, that It beenmo known ns one of tho seven won dern of tho world, and outlived all (ho othors, tavo tho pyramids, by contti rloB. This was tho lltrhtliouso built on the little Island of l'haros by Ptol emy Phlladoiphus, king of Egypt, two hundred nnd eighty years boforo Christ, to guldo vessels Into tho harbor of AIox nndrla, From nil descriptions It must Jiavo elosoly rcsomljlcd our Washing ton monument, for It wns built of whit stono, was squnro at tho base, nnd tn pored toward thn npox. Upon windows woro near Its top, through which tho flro within could bo scon for thirty miles by vessels nt soa. To build It cost eight hundred tnlontn, or nearly ono million dollars, and Itn height was almost exactly thn snmo ns that of the TJIB WltltCK OP THE PII18T Washington monument; so If you can Imagine that great column standing solitary an a low, far-reaching, yellow, sandy desert shore, with a tltful flro flArliiK from Itn top at night, you will have clearly in mind the Pharos at Al oxandrfa, which served aa a lighthouse for t$ctn hundred years. As commerce became n soureo nt great revenue to nations, the main tenance of lights and beaeons for the protection ot vessels became a nation al earn, but this was of so very grad ual n growth that It was not until the beginning of the seventeenth century hat tho building, lighting and main taining of lighthouses was looked after with regularity by nil governments. The best proof of tho slowness ot na tions to see thr necessity "t properly lighting their coasts Is afforded by Cheat Britain, ns a rule tho most ad vanced commercial nation. During the reign of Queen Elizabeth a reli gious brotherhood known as "the L Brotherhood ot tho Most Olorlous and Undivided Trinity" wns directed by nn net of Parliament to preserve ancient dor marks, and to erect beacons and "signs of the sea." Por more than a hundred years this brotherhood kept up the ancient sea marks, but erected nothing new; thenttbey began to pur chase and operate lights owned by pri 'rate individuals or by societies, and Kill later they commenced to b'illd lighthouses and beacons. Finally, in 1811(1, Parliament gave Trinity House tho entire control of tho lighthouse of Hngland. Meantime, the manns of lighting was being Htondlly Improved. The open fire Wive place tn the nil lamp; then ft curved mirror, called n imraholle mir ror, wns placed bohlnd the lamp to bring the rays toge'her; next, intra) lamps with mirrors wero grouped about a central spindle, and some such lights are still tn operation. Tho greatest stride came when tho arrangement ot lenses, known ns tho Pre n el lens, In front of tho lamp replaced tho mirror behind It. This lens wns rapidly Im proved for lighthouse purposes, until now n cylindrical glass house sur rounds the lamp flame. Thin houie linn lens-shaped walls whloh bend nil tho rays to form n horizontal zone of strong light, which pierces the dark ness to a groat dlstauro. The rapid Increaso In the number of lighthouses has tnado It necessary to having some means of tolling ono from another, or, us It In tcrmod, ot giving to wch light Itn "clinrneterlstlo." Col oring the glnss made tho light dimmer; hut as red comes most nonrly tn white light In hrlchtnos some lights have red lensos. The latest and host plan, however. Is to set upright prisms at Intervals In a circular framework around the tens, nnd to revolve this framo by clockwork. Thus the light Is tnado to Hash evory time 11 prism passes betowon It and an olMervor. lly changing tho number and places ot the prisms, or tho spied ot the clockwork, the flashes for any ono light can be mad to occur nt Intervals of to many fceoonds for that light. P 'ttlnR In red prisms gives still other . '.. .-s. Thus each light has Its 'vii .'.torlstlc," nnd thin Is written dawn In signs on tho charts, nnd fully slated In tho light Hats carried by ves sels. Thus, on a chart you may note that the light you want to night Is mnrked "P. W v. W. Fl lO-seo.." which menns that It Is "fixed white va ried by white llashon evory ton sec onds." When n light Is sighted you sec If those, nro Its chnrnotorlntlos, and It so, you havo found tho right one. Another sohotuo Is used on tho coasts ot Franco In addition to those I havo told you. It Ih n means ot swinging n vertical boam ot light across tho sky " - j MINOT'B I.UDtlH I.IOIITHOUHH. at regular times. Thus the whoroabouU of a light eau be discovered by the appeurauee of Its beams long before the light Itself shows above the hori zon. Lighthouse buildings are variously painted so that they will be eharHeter- letle by day. Thus, some towers are red, some blaek, some white nnd black lu horizontal or vertical stripes, some rheekerboarded and some painted in spiral bauds like those on a barber's Kile. One seldom thinks when he watches the brightly cheering and safely guid ing light of a lighthouse, what eonse- less watch and patient heroism It takes to keep tho light burning year In and year out through nil weathers. Gene rally there Is for eaoh light only a keeper with two assistants, aud often the keeper Is assisted only by his wife, sons, or daughters. Even tho most comfortably situnttd lighthouses aro generally on lonely headlands, with no human dwelling near. Others aro an outlying rooks, or isiauds. swept by tho seas, nnd wholly rut oft from the land except In fair weather. There are even i few which, built upon sunken reefs, seem io rise from the very bed ot the ocean and against which storm-driven aeas break with shocks which shake them to their foundations Such are the Eddystone lighthouse oft the rout ci Enguud, at toe entrance to Use Eug lien channel, nnd our own Mlnot'i hedge llxhC near the entrance to Hus ton harbor. Theso two are the most I total dd nnd exposed lighthouses In the world. Thej- were built at tho utmost twit to human life, itoeh wns swept AWftr by storms after completion and had tn be rebuilt. The first Itghthouio on Mlnot's Ledge was built in 1848. It was nn oelngfifhnl tower reeling on tho tops ot eight wrought Iron piles sight Inches in ill nmeter nnd sixty feet high, with tliolr lwiee mink five feot In tho roek. Thcso pile wero braced together In many ways, nnd, as they ottered less nurfnto to the wares than n solid atruflltiro, this lighthouse was considered by all authorities upon tho suujcot to be ex cpttonJlr strong. lu great tt onme .In April, 1 SCI. On the Hth ot that month It was wrecked. Two keepers lost "'t'tr lives. 'Dispgnaei" Snftkeepeare, who rendered elotient tribute tn the native authority of kings, lords nnd military oammnnders, sel dom shows a like respect In his treat ment of elrlc dignitaries. Justice Shal low nnd Dogberry, for Instnneo, aro so dolleloHsly absurd that their snylogs list often been criticised ns too good to b tine. Perhaps; but they run oc casionally be pretty closely paralleled Tacro Is something qullo In tho Shakespearian raanntr In tho slmptic Ity ot a formor magistrate of Newburr port, in tho old days of queues and nilllwl shirt-bosoms. A case wns belnn tried boforo him In-whlch tho accused, who stoutly denied the charge, was Is serttd to havo stolon from u gentle man a new act ot shirt "A preUy story that I should take his shirts!" oxelnlmml the Irate cil prit: bnt when he was searched a njo mont later, It was revealed that he at the moment nrrayed In tho wh6lo six, one over tho other. The yood Jis tltt res sheched. "What a. vilklnl" he exelnlmtd. Then ho nddod, reproachfully. "Why didn't you tell mo you wero a vlllnrn? Why didn't you snvo the tlmo of tlin oonrt. the spectators nnd tho wltnoesls, by owning up you wero n villain lu tiie first plnceT" A few yoara later n constnblo of the same town mndo ti remark worthy of Dogberry himself. A hnot of lltlln hoys had been hnnglng about thn n trnnci to tho town hnll before a public mooting. As tho oirioor came lu slfht all rati away but ono, and to thin lone youngster he addressed his orders, In a tone of mingled dignity and wrath. ' Dlspcrge!" ho commanded. Dis perse, I my. We can't havo no bur laih Horol" The awwl ynoth did not illuperso, but ho moved on. A Minlr.t inie.Hrrl(r, Speaking of tho Important mnUir dt cougrntelonai alimentation, n fhmoiw tuugresaman the other day Invltftl ouo ol his visiting eoiiBtituunUi. an olllee , ker of l ourse, to luncheon with hit" in lie icnaie rf-ui';mnufc V.'tut will you witr asked tho r'.ilcainan. '(in. any old thing will suit me," said the O. 8. Well, ctre your order. N'mliin i. loo wood for you. ynu know." "Wall," will tho 0. 8.. ramoniliBpnl that he had no and of favom tn mU hu euitwnnan. "Just itiva mn mmi. wlch ami a cup of cofleo." "Ia that really all you wnntl" ''Hint's nil." "Well, waiter, you may foteh me sam nreon turtle soup nt once, nnd thoh n nice plnte ot lamb tries, one of your; ineoniimramo surimp emails, now lltr inuda potatoos with oroam drosslng, raw sliced tomatoes, oovnred with i a few stalks ot fat aBparagim and Just, n KHtse oi snutorno. Ann, waiter, yen: may put n small bottle ot ehnmpaiino In tee for mo." 11 Is unnecMMry to say that tho 0. liUKoiy enjoyed his hnm sandwlah and cup of coffcaPllUihurR Dlspath. Treat the l.amh. tVell, A Inmb kept going from Itn birth will not only soil sooner, but will soil bet ter than one that has boon allowed to get a check hence every opportunity should bo given them to keep ahead; mill It II certain that whan lloeka are managed an these linen the financial result will bo far and away hotter than when the opposite treatment is pur sued. That nothing pays better fur generous treatment Is a well known feet. It seems strange, therefore, that one sea traveling about the country many us-tuples where the starvation proeeaa. or something akin to it, is In program llvlilanll Worllilr.a. "That novel of young Kendal U no erthlr good." "Why do you say that?" "I took it out on tho porch yesterday nnd Homebody stole It." "I don't see! how that proven Itn worthleesneM." "Don't you 7 Why. the thief brought ! it back." Cleveland Plain Dealer. Tho Cut. Did they hnv n profusion of cut flower at tho d arming parly?" "in eluding tho wall flowers, yes.M Truth, magiiltiscnt, eternal, often finds Its bent servant is fcordld and ttiul-searlng Hnvy. Detroit Journal. In.urunro for tliulirtlU., An umbrella Insurance company has just bi'vu orgaulzed lu I.o-idon. it will lurare canes us well n umbrellas. No llu.liauit. And her hushaud" -VU she has no husband. Uk ibis she married Is a stamp ioIImuu." MIRACULOUS MUD. TOUND AT TUB INDIANA URAL SPRIN08, IND. MIN- tarn lltif Hinail.in. llliln.r. IHmtiUr, lilnoii, Skin niul Nrrvmi IIm ? lilt Hoist lis llecii llr.rled ml t'rnpla Are Jnllriipjlng There frniii All Ovrr Hi Uonnlry la Until In tho Mint. A deposit ot moat remarkable mud discovered In Indiana, tins of recent years been attracting wide-spread at tention. It Is located nt the ludtena Mineral Springs, Warren ooititly, and has been formed by the nstlon of-the water from the famous Magno-I.lthia springs. Through countless ages the foliage of magnificent oaks on the hill side has annually fallen Into a basin, and has been reduced by nature into a pure black earth unmixed with roots, stones or sand. The water from the big spring for thousands of years has been soaking this deposit and saturat ing It with mineral salts, until now mmu in u llljrr Ul llimiirilltni III lilt nbcut two acres lu extent and from ten to twenty feot In thickness. In thlckncM, Tho ,:trange medicinal value of this peculiar, black, porous substance was accidentally discovered by nn old sol dlrr, Ham Story, who had brought rhcumntlsm homo from the war and siiftcrsd with It for yonrs. He was at tempting to dig n drainage (lit eh through the mud deposit, nnd after In dulging In this useless experiment for a week or more, gnvu up the Idea, hut mrnuwhtU had been cured of his rheu matism. Tho fame at thn mud began to spread nnd nmtcted congregated at tho Springs from everywhere. Tho method of us ing the mud wns at first very primi tive, tho patient 'morely sitting down In the deposit where nature had laid It. Hut slnca then Improvements havo been made, a beautiful hotel erected, and the mud bath developed Into n luxurious experieni e The accompany ing cut ibo r"W It's June. ' 4Mdno After all. N'aluro Is the greatest of all chemists, and seems here to havo prepared in u gigantic receptacle mi enormous mass of medicine for poultic ing soro humanity. When all else had failed. Nature's treatment, the Magna Mud cure, ns It Is now called, has In hundrods of cases brought back health aud happiness. Every one lwllfve"RTit tTs 1ia outers n strfro. the ptdevi. ndvnncp. t'nlenmii on the Cut. - ill. nt iii thu nri of HMO wlioete mis oecnilotied no stirpriae. e expresaeil tho oplnlen llvo yefira ago that other makers would fully realise Ihttr, error lu eudwiv On UK innininiH n urmrou. " lhlr iinaliiet. m d that the trlei. w had llxoil li l'iaent ou. lierou.u lb ttHtulnnl iirleofor utbar Mali grade who "Uiio of the awreta ot the anccem ot the Western Wheel Works la. that we not only guarantee our wheels. Imt weguarnif teVeur prices na wall, ami tba purebnfer of n Crescent In Ksbrirary Una Ibe .nttaaae Hon of knowing that his nalgbbar wIhi Hjrcliail a Creaoent In July nM thu nmo prise ni u did. I III) lH nnvwiiinio mm n ami laiwiu luctlBti In tho ttrteo of UloycJaa will bo de this year.'' redt made tills year. If there Is any one thine ihould do in private, It is his a man loving. " America'! leaillne matlesl leitllaUos Is the "New Rnsrland Cosierrslory of Muklc" of lim ion, Mass., which twi liasrty one mlllUHi dollars Invaded la its aiarslaeaMt bulldlets sad horn with uniiirpaaadndvsnta line of equipment sad adaestlasal si as In the lltly. A dead twut olironlo llnr. is nearly ulways a IMumtlinm Attention ot the reader Is called to tho announcement of Notre Damn uni versity In another column ot this paper This noted Institution of learning en ters upon Its llfty-fourth yenr with the next session, commencing Sept. 7, 1)197. Parents and guardians contemplating sending tholr boys and yuunc men away from home to school would do well to write for particulars to tho Unl vcrslty ot Notre Dame, Indiana, before making arrangements for their edura tlon oliewltere Nowhere In this broad land nro there to be found belter facll ities tor cultivating the mind and heart than are ottered at Notre Dame uni versity. Naming a baby for the doctor, doeen't reduce the bill any. tiitv MTitliNtTrii asiT Ai'PirriTK. dse-Dr. Darter's iren Teals. Veer arsntat win leiuou loenej n aoi asuiiacwrj. Any man can got enough to et. but It is a rare man wno can icwou irom eating toe much of It. FITS rnstali .otbtiaMi. NU a. lymmiiillii sin jr 1 ou mi m. um ntui nun KMtai.t. i A man has sons when ha realises , that he lias something to be thankful ! for. ' Halt's Catarrh (lure la a eouitltutionsl euro. PrleCj 7tc. go water knockt out more people than pugilists. Visa's Ours fer Con tarn MkM hai ued msisrgetfostar bllU-C.T. Hiker, iM litetat &)., I'biuuaioku, rs., uea. bvs A grievaneo is llko the measles with loiuo people. Dos'tTobitcofcpIt S four lltinwiu To null toiuaeno anlU and forever. Im 11142 sails, full ef life, sane sad vigor, tike No-To-ltae, lbs wonderworker, that ana a weak u.an itrosf. AH druirgtati. 80c or II Curctrusras t.etl Booklet and tsnipla fie Addrcii Bteruag itsaieoy t o . 1 uir.fooi new mm It often happens when It Is pre dicted that a man win c-omo to some bad end, that ho comes to two or Mreo M..iQ'JOin Mn , Wnihny Coleman, ex-nrealdeat of tho National Cycle Hoard of Triide. ami tirortiletit of the Weatern U'hel Works, In :Hi. nn tlm nL III MfVelM. MVS! Yenr tronhlo. to wake) an interest ing aw, smmm m as nt to ynur frtiJMs n the pniprs ( ah unout mag ttelM. A Woman ! tntlsffteiory t her hue-1 wmn in proport Ion to how mu'H that la not true ho run make her Iwllevs. Men want t , . first In u woman's affection fur thu wroe naaon they want to it at the Brst table for tholr mettla. "rn"'""1 ir. MwuUtiBs ie liUnejn otr-1 IrSte.X'K i!S?er?. I'm (lrnllpfie. lit rtnttr 1r, ilmuUtli wiar roii wi haDMrat rrmi tttofcarh llttura to eysitew rsl ISSC tint. A tow ika unmMtrdtml, nrr l lim iileni or rummer Tfec stiln hair a itellrsti metntftn emUr Irrlutw). ami tipt isi eaciian ai Kiriisno i pcrnir.iKia Mini roKipmiBii. ina omibUisu. tndtflrmioti rlHunii.iu nptinilils ' nn nuioinarv. kwrumu i in rwilr Infliienrr ot tk Rtltrrt. ou iniXj tlilnk Itittl In lliorundi-.i'i. n brldn will not nntlco It If yo i do not send a present, tmt you bet he will Tn Core Con.tlpatlon t"nrver. TVe Oswnieui CsiMI Patkirtlc lie or S&a. It C 0. C. tail w sere, ilrvnttu rfoa maMr A rfformer is n rnbl)erne'k pill'pOM'. with I rVntiil MVMIa i.ll In .,1 ! iSSJSS.1 ',.-"?:4i7tr,,ft,,".".5e,.9 ie..2 1 ilttHtabe ptra. la rraumllns m nsrtjr like home psssIM. Is IbltrwpftslllHi ! KMHM reosrraifT si mimic iimum, mm. . hIIIi lis sdmirsM Multiped Hosm nuenrt- enl. iSMtt a wMelv Ml Ml 4 oar as HeiqleU safe nsd dslkhllul Immm llfo (or tIMIIlK mml.llla o IfllMli'. AIM la tkls the mnHBlotti nr eirM IMvlns nelaliui un dea to aeiire ttrosit sn4 mi IU w im I iiMitftnlr irmr tnisr. a MS It lamaftn rr wkjr Hr-lila io rut niner. ana unriiaaiBrir 10 itai hlli Make no nmtlakM tor pleaMRt atHlitcl' ttred dorailtory Ills. The reading on a lot machine men tion what you aro liable tn win. Nn-To-llac for Fitly Cent. Oairantoeil tetoero bablt cure, makes waaU mta irac, WmiJ tmro. (tic. II. All druestiis. No tiinn ndmli't's u woman after li has i'-n her aplt , AN OPEN LETTER To MOTHERS. WHARF. A'.ilRRTINO IM IIIC COURTS OUR UIOHTTOTlin IBCCUUWVB USK IF TUB WORD " CA8T0HIA.H AND ''PITCHER'S OABTOUIA," A OUIt THAUE MARK, , DR. SAMUEL PITCHER, of Oyannia, Massachusetts, wat tito onsmaior oj mui that has borne and docs now bear tho facsimile signature of This is tho original used in the homes of tho mothers of America for over thirty years. LOOK CAREFULLY at tho wrapper and see that it is tho kind ynu. havo always bought rr . on tho a n d has tho signature per. A'o one has authority from' me to use my name except Tho Uentaur ts s Company of March S, 1807,' Q&-- ,p, Do Not Be Deceived. Do not endanger tlit llfo of your child by accepting a cheap substitute which Homo dtugglit may offar you (becauso ho makes a Tew mote pennies on It), tho ingiodlcnts of which cvoll ho does not know. "The Kind You Have Always Bought" fJBAftSt THE FAC-8IMILE SIGNATURE OF Insist on Having The Kind That Never Failed You. Buy Your of a concern that will be In business as long ns you live, nnd whose gunrnntcc Is the best security thnt can be given. 1897 COLUMBIAS $75 STANDARD OP THO WOM.D. 1896 COLUMBIAS, ; . . . 60 1897 HARTFORDS 50 HARTFORDS Pat. 2, ... 45 HARTFORDS Pat. I,' . . , 40 HARTFORDS Pat 5 and 6, . 30 POPE MFG. CO., Hartford, Conn. Com aud vlalt our factories, owvtrlng IT acres of floorag and tea now a nr.t-elan btevela It nindv. Catalogue free from Columbia dialers, by mall (rein us for ons twoeent stamp. 1! Columbia ara-aot proparly rsprsiantad id your vicinity, 1st us know. FAKES FURNITURE AND CARPET GO. Furniture, Carpets, Mattings, Etc, , 307 AND THE LOWEST PRICES GUARANTEED TEACHERS WANTED! Her.i tot imc'IMW rarar.rln-ws baettal tints ss nsar vataotHo as wrisfesra, Mutt hate Dior nemurs Xticrai piani. m -l tl'TaIrBrMUtralloo, cos plsa OUAKAN T:KS po.lilotia, iOr.au paja lor botU ceo a mnt lusnssnd ft S4W.00 lota story ot tmttt dais, Itlanka asd rlrculara Itto. No cbro to ainploitrs lor raMaaausStas lacra. I9UINEKN ISACHSSS SUSWU, I NET. OR U SI, 1UIIUS, K Un IIUIIIMI ISACnSSS BUSESU. h wirSUaJn. rVt.4tiiltrr -ifctaM Maaanr 1 H-Uluttl ( ir4j " Bwtlwra rsiaactN t .$v iu, Saul Jura uMiwim Lutu CJU. Out M tttUUtt te UiX Hood Poison. Contagious D'ood I'otton bin i.rrn sp nroriately called thecurtr of tnsaklnd. It is the one dUcsie that physinstis can not cure; their mercurial aud pottih remedies only bottle up the iou a In the system, to surely break forth in a more virulent form, resulting in a total , wreck ot tuc syiiem. Mr. l'rauk II. Martiu, a prominent lewder atoto Pensylrnnin Ave. Wa I, iugton.D .f-.sayi I was for a long, time under treat incut of two of the beat puyii clans of this city, for a severe ate of blood iicitcu, but my condition grew wotse sll the while, not withstanding tho fact that they charged me three hundred dollars My mouth ws filled with citing sores; my tongue was aluiint cntcti awny, so that for thteo months I was unable to taste nny solid food. My hair was coming out rsptrtly. audi was Inn horrible fix. Iliad tried various treatments, and was nearly dis couraged, when a friend recommended S.S.S. After ' bad taken four bottles, X began to get better, and when I had finished eighteen bottles, 1 was cured sound and well, my uVIn was without n blctiiiah, and I have had no return of the disease. S.S.B.savcd me from a Ufa ot misery." 8,8.8. guaranterd purely trfrlable) will cute any case of blood poison. Hooks ou thediseaso les ou tlicaiseasc sss aud its treat ment, mailed free by Swllt Specific Co., Atlanta, (5a. - ttfcrva UASIUHIA," tie same 0) every wrapper. 7 "PITCHER'S CASTORIA." which has been fcl-ULLY at mo wrapper ana, see tne Jtlways bought yZSaT of &SUAl wran- which Chas, II. Fletcher is Bicycle 309 MM ST., DALLAS, TEX. Call and boo ub or -write for our ontuloguo bolbro you buy. Wo have one of the largest and best assorted stooks In tho west. Consisting ofchaup. modium and fine goods.