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Military Ruler of the Philippines a Type the Best Americanism-He Was at One Time a Farm Hand. Omeral Mtrritt, who geot to tin inUUppinM as military governor of U Island empire ot the Paclfle, Is the soond In oemntaud ot our nationttl nr-air- Ho won fame mill honor m iher im't chief omeer In the great battlM uf the war. He wn an unrelenting warrior, onee fighting nine battles In ie successive day. HI mllUnry ca reer li wore or les on record, but of bis private life little has been given to tMt public. On. Weeloy Merrltt'a father. Jolm "WUlls Morrltl, wan a New York lawyer, baring an office at No. Ill Nassau atret when the hoy waa born. Her, I, MM, at No. 07 North Moore itrtet. He was one of eight brother. Twenty month later the law office wna at No. .1 Spruce streot, the family having re moved to llrooklyn. Whon Wesley waa four yearn olil hi father, having a large ami Increasing family, abandoned law far agriculture and bought a farm at "honking (linn Prairie." near llellvlllo, III., not tar from St. IouU. Young Merrill attend 0.1 tho school of the Christian Hrother. a Catholic Institution, at Ilellevllle. La ter ho worked on tho farm for three yearn, helping his brothers raise corn and pork, for whleh that snrtlon hns atwsy betn fninoti. Slnrrltt h runner. Toting Morrltl often drove the farm -ijim seventeen miles to town. Hotting only fifteen rents tt bushel for Ills earn. Everything that a farmer produced In those days was cheap as dirt, nnd there wan little money In circulation. Pnete board check circulated between mer oksBU and farmers In some luratltlea, and their merchandise seemed high be oslum It took so much corn and pork to nay for It. llelng a lawyer and a mnn ot a literary turn of mind, the Imy'i lather aspired to do something besides raising corn. He started n local even ing newapaiier at Hellevllle, railed the Advocate, and later a weekly of the mim name at Ibnnon. Iloth were Deaioeratlc organs, and, like moat of tint Democratic Journals ot that day, were for territorial oxtenilon, the an nexation of Texas, and tho settlement ot tho vexed nnd formlUnble "Oregon question" by taking possession of the country clear to the Pacific ocean. Tounn Morrltt helped tits fnlhbr 'and brothers puhllili thin Dtmoeratlc nows papsr. He mastered tho business ot t running a country tiewapeper taking hla ttu-H In looking utter petly detail, txMtdaa learning to Mt type aaul beesm-la- an expert printer wktle hut n boy. At Ute age of sixteen he went to rend law las the otllen ot Judge Hoynle In Sn teen. He waa making rapid nrogreea when aov. maeell. thett a member of mingreea. seeured hltn a cadetshlp for Wmi Point. Omi. Merritt baa no family. His favorite nephew. Baton Merritt. he t cheating at a Connecticut acnooi, whh a view of erullng him to Weat Point. Oen. Merritt waa married In 1871, In Murone. to Mlea Caroline Warren, ot Ctnetnnatl. Hue died In 1801. at Ht. VM. and waa burled at Weat Point, where the general was superintendent tor Ave year? Tne Merritu originally aprang from ttir brothers, who came to Amerlea from Ireland In l4oo. their descendant HOtlllng In Wlnehoater. and from that family, tt Is said, all the Merritt bern la tU eonntry have deeendel. Of General Merrltt'a military history Kitnrk has b(n written. A mere ree rd his nattlea, engagement and KMlMlgM wld flit columns. He hat) BtanT narrow eeeanea from death a notakte one at the battle of Ileverly Tord In 1M3, whtn he was attacked hy v i mx w ii 'nt i i m wt BsBBBBBBBBBKar.rrTaamaHk " naBBaaeaaBHT'i i a ibpvibbbbbbwi i i i i r- i i -w of a Confederate ameer ami n desperate hand to hand eonleat fallowed, lie waa eaberal over the head, nnd would have been killed hut far the soft ftdt hat which he ware, containing n big ar my pocket handkerchief. In title n gngement he waa surrounded and hit troopa nearly raptured. He fought with a courage and desperation that won n groat victory, The newspapers of the day were filled with hie exploit In Hint particular engagement, and on the earnest recommendation of (Jen- oral llutord he waa made a brigadier general. Tim ltll of III l.lfo. Perhaps Hip greatest ride of his life was hi famous dash through tho MIIW LAUIIA WILLIAMS. (The Chicago Olrl Soon to Heroine the 1 1 ride ot don. Merritt.) Hocky mountain, when he rode night and day to tho rosrue of Major Thorn burgh's command, hummed In by tho Ute Indians nt tho tlmo or tho Whlto Htver maaaacre. The soldiers were surrounded and bolng slowly shot and starved to death. A lnglo man man aged to ortuvl out nno night nnd escape, nnd nftor Incredlblo suiforlng roachod Itawllngs Station on tho Union Pnoltle . eOVWKNOIt-aiSNWHAL MHHIIITT. rallrced, nearly MO mile? lo the narth. A ' hurry" telegram waa tent to Gen eral Merritt, then colonel of the Fifth cavalry at Fort 1). A. IlUMell. neur Cheyenne. After reaching Itawllng or the nearest railroad point to the White Htver Indian agency, (leneral Merrill had to ride four dnya ami nlghta continuously with a light sup ply of food and ammunition. Thorn- burgh was dead and hi men were on the point ot starvation, wound! and barely able to cling to their guns be hind their Intrenebmonts. Merritt nr rived at the break of day. advanced with yell and scattered the Indians, who were waiting like coyote for the soldiers lo die or surrender, (leneral Merrltt'a wild ride through the Uocky mountains will long challenge the rec ord. It I considered remarkable that he did not kill a horse or a man dur ing bis mountain march. With Custer, McPhersen and Sheri dan. Merritt was called one ot the boy general ot the war. (Iraduatlug from Weat Paint hut a few months before the civil war brake out, he Joined the Second dragoon and eentlnuottoly dls ttngUMthed himself In the cavalry serv ice all through the war. He waa iherl dan's right hand man lu tb great i cnmpalgna of the Shenandoah leading i up to tha battle of Flvo Forks and tho i surrounding nnd crushing ot le. Merrltt'a six brevet from major to major general for hi heroic nnd irre sistible fighting at (lettyaburff, Yellow Tavern. Hawe'a Hhop. Winchester, Fisher's Hill. Five Forka and tho Ap pomattox campaign nro among his un dying nohlavementa In tho great war. HU tltlo of colonel In tha regular army, tho Fifth cavalry, we bestowed on him Jn 187u. Later, when ho waa 1 given command of the much sought de partment ot tho Missouri, with head quarter nt Fort Leavenworth, and subsequently at St. Louis, many to talled experts In military matter thought It hnrdly fair to boslow bo groat nu honor to ahower tho golden atnr of war on the youngest brig- ' ntller general Immediately following ; hi promotion. , (loneral Merrill' military career In , closely contested ongngemonta, In groat and hmmrtlnu campaign, was nlwnya j that ot n soldier nnd a hero. He wn i grnduatod from Wost Point July 1. 1 1800, Just beforo the rebellion, and ranched a cnplnlncy In the Second cav- 1 nlry April R. 1801. nnd waa brigadier , ot volunteer June 30, 1803. A Soltllrr anil Itrro. j In tho army of tho Potomac, on tho , gtnff of Onernl Cooke, nnd Inter with (loneral Stonomnn, In hi famous raid toward Hlchmond, ho won renown. In , coin me ihI ot onvalry he eroited tha : llnppnhanuock and surprlxcd tho one- 1 my, but for hour wa nonrly surround- i ol and once an tho point of being cap- , lured. A confederate officer gave him j a snvngo sabre rut on the head, but he ( continued righting gallantly, lending his men nnd winning an nmazlng vie-1 tory. It waa for thl bravory that j (loneral Huford complimented him, fol- ' lowing It by recommending his prnmo- ! lion. Later, (leneral Merritt succeed rd (loneral Huford In command of rnv nlry. oporntlng In central Virginia. Ho 1 wan In tho lllrhmond campaign In 1S0I, fighting with Sheridan nt tho head ; with hi column In hi historic raid through tho valleys, always closing In on the nrmlcs of tho dying confederacy. 1 HI division (tha Flrat), composed of seventeen regiment of cnvnlry, em bracing (loneral Custer'a command. won him honor for tho masterly celer ity In which he flrove Uarly nnd hi troop through Winchester. Hot ItrlllUttt Arlitrrernrath Merritt' noxt brilliant achievement was nt Cednrvllle. on the Shennndoah. Tltlo was followed by hi glorlou vic tory at the Iwttle of Cedar Crock, where, without Infantry support, he made Incessant cavalry charge tre mendous, overwhelming. Tho enemy could not urrtve his naull of tor nado Impetuosity. With Hhorldnn Merritt dtaphiynd n dlHtlnguUhod part In forcing tho mirrondor of roo. On that memorable nccaalon, so grnphlc nlly doeerlbod by (Irani nnd Hhorldan, Oonornl Merritt was appointed one of 3r- L tkl dAtttI J Jfl DID I " 1 . . nr. tha three eommlMloner to carry out the term of the treaty. And now In a new and gtoho enelrcllng war this bravo, sagacious and competent man ot the people, who In his turn waa farm er's hoy, typesetter, publisher, editor, lawyer, oadet, soldier and then a vic torious and alwaya conquering officer In the great armies ot the war, Is again warned at the front. Those who know him best agree that he has a judicial temperament and I eminently flttei fer aetlon In civil or military affaire requiring wisdom and Justice, He will be beard from agitin. Wmniin's llslr ImproTlng. It I now said that women's hair It becoming more beautiful in color every year, nnd Is also growing thicker and longer. This la said to be duo to the small, light bonneta that women wear. Certain It la that air and aunthlno Im prove tho color and texture of tho hair. Sun bleaches the hair, and Venetian Heautle alwaya dried their ruddy loek In the aun, thereby tatting that tint to much admired sailed Venetian red. Ot course sunshine will not bleach dark hnlr. hut It gives A deeper color to nil kinds of tresses, and will brighten dul' brown hair. p1f"YYTH, WATQI'iV vui.imwi'uu '"w' ONE OF THE YOUNQKST MEN IN THE NAVY. It W tie Wlio I.nlir.l l'srrBt In tint Mnt nt the llnttlt of Moblla llsy Unlet entl Iteierveil In Manner, hut an Intrepid J'lglilrr. OMMODOnii John Crittenden Wit (son in point ot year I one ot tho youngest rommnn dors In tho United States navy. He, like Dewey. longed for the sea and when a boy ot 1 1 yearn entered tlm tmvnl academy nt Anuapolle. Since thnt time ha has been In actual servlee nnd during the civil war was with Fnrraeut and nt tho famou Imltlo on Slehllo bay. when the latter waa lahod to the mat of hit vessel, Walean doing the lushing. Commodore Wnitwn wn born In Frankfort. Ky., In 1812 Knd hi oarly edtientlon waa obtained In the public school there. Ho completed a four year courso nt Annnpolli with honor nnd Immediately stnrlctl on a rruleo nrotind tho world. He whs nMlguel to duty on Admiral Karragut's ship at tho beginning of the civil war nnd served with him throughout the entire period of hostilities. Ho wa n great favorlto with that officer nnd wn nlso with him on hi crulso nrotind tho world nfter the close of tho war. He 1 a grandson of John J. Crittenden, nulhor of the fa mous Crlltcnden compromise bill, for- COMMODOItK JOHN C. WATSON. mor nttornoy-goncral of the Unltod Slate and n number of terms United Stntos sonntor from Kentucky, nnd a nephew of (Ion. Thomns L. nnd (loorgo II. Crittenden, both ot whom dinting ulshed thomselvo during the civil war. Commodore Wntton married n dnughtor of Judge Thornton ot Snn Francisco and has two sous. Ivdwnrd It. Wnteon, tho alder. I an onslgu on honrd the Detroit nt present with Hampton's fleet, and Thornton L., who recently celebrated his Slat birthday, la nt tho front with the Seventh caval ry. Commodore Watson Is tt man of won- durful discipline uud Is exceptionally quiet and resorved. He has never been known to fall In nny undertaking plnnnud by him. When appointed to his prwKint command he was governor of the navnl home at Philadelphia where ho hnd been detailed for three years, Murli Mnllgnnl Hen. Tho antldoat part ot nu art gallery I not tho flippancy of the picture, it I tho lorlousnoM of tho people. If tho son looks solid, Hinging Itaolt on tho cliffs, and tho rock are made ot fog. tho thing to do I not to believe It. It a hit ot enlld sea hanging on tho walls of n Ilottou gnllory mndo any differ ence to the sea, there would be gome roflHon for standing and alghlng and hectoring and lecturing nnd gathering a group ot iHNiple all iiiout to uefettu an ocean and the Immemorial freedom of tho wnvo. If three tinr feet at aotunl eon at MarblohMd could ho In jured by three square feet of Imimisl hie Roa at the Iloeton Art club. It might he worth while to take It seri ously. There la always the sa left, no matter how ninny nrt clubs we have to pnlnt It nwny from us: the sea it al ways there, waiting to be painted back again. The rock of Merblehead will front tho areat white thundei many conturlos still, when nil our arts and all our artists have melted away. Uoston Traveler. ThrriiiomMur fur Wlitmn. vram tho New York Time: You may oarry your awn thermometer now and It will only cost you M eenU to buy the portable kind. They are round, about as large as a quarter, and have a stick pin at the back, with which to fatten them. The tittle class , ltbo maining the mercury la eotled like a serpent with the ball In the center. Thl la a great scheme for the feminine cyclist. With a little solontlflc calculation she will be able to determine ut what degree of heat her faee gets nn unbecoming red. and then she has only to watch her ther mometer to tee when that degree has been reached, when she ean dls mount and eool off. Hrsitua Would II a lllr.l. "Ylsslr," said Brastus Plnk!ey."whn I goes to do wah I won't be qo awdl nary sojer, I'll be a reg-lar bird." "Mia tuh Plnkley." responded Miss Miami Drown, "Is you utln' slang, or is I to onderstan dat yen' gwintor Jlne t flyln' squadron?" DAZED ON THE MIKADO. Unintentional (inne by an America! Cllrt Travrllng In Japan. Numerous atorie are told ot tho un abashed behavior of frtxa-born Ameri can girl In the presence ot royalty. Undo Sam's daughter calmly assume thnt prlncos. kings and cmporora nr novor any better than- oldom n good na her brother In tho land ot tin free, nnd as iho has no pcclal rover oneo for tho mnn nt homo aho fnlli lo see why those aho meota abroad ahotild bo treated any moro doferin- dally. Miss Kate Garrison, n Iluffnlo girl, now traveling In the orlont. wrltoi homo detailing as follows n unique ex perience she had In Japan: "Today 1 went to aeo the tomplo ot Kwnnnon. She I the goddess ot mercy, nnd by paying a few ten ono I shown her coloseal statue. Tho guldo book nayt It I fitly feet high, mndo ot wood, gilded. It I In n dark placo nnd lighted by candle. I had an amusing oxporleuco. Tho temple I up an n aldo hill overlooking the plain of Ka makurn nnd I reached by many atop. I rested frequently on nsrendlng, nnd then tat down In a llttln ten house on top before looking at the tomplo. 1 closed my eye, amellod my salt, etc Suddenly I wo aroused by n police. mnn coming very hear me nnd glaring Into my faeo. Ho said: 'Today, prltx. I turned around nnd saw a gorgeously robed priest, followed by nn old man holding n little girl ot nbout eight yonra by the hand. Several ladle fol lowed. I looked, and supposed the po lleemnn monnt I could not visit the temple becnuso of some priests' tune Hon. Another policeman oanio up and glared, and I had no Idea of doltw? any wrong, The aforesaid party deseondod the stop close by and I naturally watched them, thinking. 'What n doll- cnte looking little girl an.l whnt a fine innum ni.t ,,,nn ,, ,inrii inmiinc looking old man!' The guard leading turned on ronchlng the first lauding nnd glared nt mo ngaln. When I reached tho hotel nnd told nbout It tho pcoplo noarly burst themselves lnughlng over It. I had had the effrontery to look upon royalty. That was tho rnuso of tho glares. Then my- most nwtul sin wn watching them go down tho step, a I wn higher than they nnd look ing down upon them. My Ignorance of tho language nnd custom had car ried me through. Tho two little prln ceoso aro now In Knmnktint. and If they walk on the bench the whole placo la clonrod. ' No common oyo la allowed to see. It la so with the wholo family. If the crown prince ha gono to look nt a river In tho mntinttln tho wholo road I shut off. The em pree hna no children, but the omporor linn twelve other wires, and these chil dren nro tholrs. There Is but one on. nnd sovoral dnughtor; all aro very delicate. Thoy nro taken awny from tho mother vary soon anil brought up In different pnlacog with uablo ladlo In waiting. Tho mother nro 'net In It.' So you can see whnt an awful thing your American trce-horu child did todny." A 3TUHDY LITTLE SHIP. Tho recent departure of tho Wind ward from ICngland for America brings to n olose, for the present, n very mem orahlocareur. Thlssturdy llttloshlp ha entered tho polar Ire In no fewor than thirty aeasom, and. although oxpoeed on many occasion to severe Ice-pro-Mtire, hns always given a good account of herself and safely tnnde home. Orig inally a salllng-shlp, she had the dis tinction ot being one of the first whal ers to ho fitted up with steam. In April. 1801. the Windward wn eold to Captain Wlgglu. of Siberia fame, but, n mouth Inter, while she was un dergoing a thorough overhnul for the now trade In which she wax to ho on gaged, she was purchased by the pro motor of the Jackson-Harmsworth ex pedltlon, whose aim wa to roach tho north polo by the northwest passage nnd, on their way, to search for tho missing members of the llorjorllug par (y. In the beginning of 1800 tho Wind wnrd went to lndon for n trenii sup ply ot provisions, and, returning to Franz-Josef land In June of tUn samo ysnr, had the honor of conveying, thVci THIS WINDWARD. months later. Nntiien mul his fellow adventurer to their homes In Norway. Since Mr. Harmtworth bought her tor the work ot his expedition the hat farted her way through neatly 2.000 miles ot formidable lc-packa Itself a record of considerable Interest. To the Windward will belong the honor ot having proved the navigability ot Franx-Joset land seas; the two ships who had previously made that remote nrehlpelago were both lost on Itt In hotpltahlo short. It wnt a very graceful aet on the part ot Mr. Alfred Harmtworth to .nake a Blear pretent of this ship to Lieutenant Peary, tho American explorer. Illl Ilrup Wlliim, Judge: Sally Day That teltow (Jrlm show knows moro about women than any other mttt ot my acquaintance DolV 8wltt How so? Sally Day He understands that he Jw'l under stand theaa "01lAFTlN(r JiNSECiU 8Enms WITH OF tlXfaniMBNT LOWER TVPBS, Ilefept Made AMllldntl' In tlMtrlll, Mntlia, t'tilflirnii flili nnd Vntg Mmitrmltlra CalrnUleil lit (ilr UH Kurt of IMiytlrnl Mglitnure. Oroat Intorcat u well na curiosity hns been reused In soletitlOe nnd ty clrcloa throughntit the Unltod Stat by name etpirlinrnU In what may be termed tho grafting" of Inaect re cently conducted hy Prof. Crampton of Columbia university. New York, say tho London I'oat. Without g.litg to far as to say that the experiment of Prof. Crnmntou makes' It at all probable thai the prociss of grafting will ever be nude applicable to moro highly developed creatures than grub, caterpillar and the'r wlnfd relative, there appf.ir In the moro fact of the successful "gralung" of thc:e lower types promise enough to warrant an Investigation of the mnn Inr physiological phenomena which have rendered tho operation poalblo. It I no detraction that the American pn-feaior'a experlmonta are not al together new. Bo far. Inde-wl. a tho artificial production of Insect mon attosltlta I concerned, the Idea I much older than many are nware. Moro than 100 years ago tho German physi ologist Kchwammerdam, having itud ted the metamorphose of grub and enlorplllnis. noticed how often both tho wing and the antennae of butter flies worn deformed when emerslng from the elirysHll condition, and. thinking that these abnormal result might be due to oxternnl causes, ho .1 fit a r ... I (i ... 1 . . t. Mrtlika l.u a . I. - " Z.m. b,Vh ier"nf 'ho Insect to nertnln esperi- ence during the period of change. So fctiecrssfiil was he that In noarly every case ho contrived by nrllllclal meaui to produce the defects he had obsorved In the emerging butterflies. It In un fortunate for those Interested lu such experiments thnt the mean taken by Srhwnmmrrdum to manufacture hi Intert oddities ivere not recorded In the "Memolre" published by the groat Dutch phvNlclau lloorhave, hence they are Inst to science. Hut the suppres sion won probably duo to the Herman physiologist himself, for he was when young an Iniensely religious mtn re ligious In the Hetis understood In mediaeval day. He strongly hold tho opinion that all monatnialtles In nnl mul life were due to man's primal error and therefore he did not care U stultify hlmtolf to a certain oxtrnt by showing that those freaks could, with in certain limit, be produced artifi cially, and thus provide hi antagonists with a powerful weapon against what wna then deemed religion. Rut the oxperlmont of M. Almo Harthelemr uf tho Lye en nt Jau aro well known to nit Ktudent of that singular branch of physiology known as teratology,' nnd there I no doubt thnt tho exampln he first set Inspired tho transatlantic professor of Columbia college. It In true thnt M. Harthelemy did not do nnythlng In the wny of grafting or at tempting to graft tho creatures on whose bodloa he made his Investiga tion. Hut thnt wa btrnuae lie suc ceeded In obtaining Insect freaks by simpler menus, which helped to ex plain tho manner lu which the deform ities usually observed In those crea ture wero ordinarily caused. HI ex periments were mode principally with, the grub of the Ilombyx marl, pre sumably tho ordinary death's head1 moth. Hy slight compression oaretully applied In certain parts during the continuance of the tnotamorphlo prog ress M. Harthclomy succeeded In ob taining monstrosities with no heads, hunch barks and rovertd antennae. Somo he secured with enormous heads nnd others consisting only ot abdomen nnd legs, with neither head nor tall. He gave some Insects double, spines, caused others to devolp un enormous abdomen, while In yet other Instances ho suppressed the growth f needtuK organs altogether, without, a ran to to say, otherwise affecting the creatures. He reduced the eyes to the slxe of pin head and nt will deprived them of the organs of sight entirely, Other French men and dormant, too. have since tho date of M. Harthelemy' Invcstlgatlona, nbout thirty year ago. taken up tho experiments, and the roatilt, It may be worth pointing out to Hngllsh read ers, demonstrates the soundness of tho views rogardlng the development ot such lower forms of anlmni life as tho caterpillar and grub which wero flrat set forth by our distinguished countryman Harvey, who. It may bo remembered, considered the chrysalis na physiologically Identical with on egg. HfflrUnt (linn for Artillery. The United States will employ a llsht artillery of hreeeh-loadlng guns of 3.2 caliber. They uro the moat effective an nou fer Held purposes constructed up to date. They ran deliver projec tile with a muaxle velocity ot a quar ter of a mile In a second, and their ef fective range It four in 1 1 ex. The pro jectiles employed are usually shrap nels, earh one lu bursting being re solved Into about 300 fragmrnta. ISx. tin trr of Tctiinx I'hi. Young Man "Mr. Ootrocks, let me congratulate you on the marriege of ypur daughter." (lotroeks "Married I My daughter, married! To whom, sir. to whom?" Young Mon "Biouse me. sir! but. er you see, I er modesty forbids me, sir; but the taet Is. air. she married me." Adams Friemnn. Why Isn't n br'dle fur a woman's tongue a neceevaiy part of her har ness? Don't Judge a wan by the clothes ho wsart. Instead ot by those h pays tor.